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Index to Marriages Recorded for the Jewish Community
in the City of Chernigov during the years
1877, 1879, 1882, 1883, 1885, 1886, and 1895

Transcribed and Indexed by Herbert Lazerow

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Chernigov Marriages 1877: 69 marriages LDS FHC film 2,091,571 item 2 p. 525 & carryover to 2,091,571.
Chernigov Marriages 1879: 88 marriages LDS FHC film 2,091,571 item 2 p. 372.
Chernigov Marriages 1882: 75 marriages LDS FHC film 2,091,571 item 2 p. 297.
Chernigov Marriages 1883: 75 marriages LDS FHC film 2,091,571 item 2 p. 253. No December 1883 marriages. Chernigov Marriages 1885: 82 marriages LDS FHC film 2,091,571 item 2 p. 74.
Chernigov Marriages 1886: 99 marriages LDS FHC film 2,091,571 item 3 p. 2.
Chernigov Marriages 1895: 72 marriages LDS FHC film 2,091,571 item 2 p. 299.

The original records are housed in the Archive in Chernigov. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints has microfilmed these records. Those microfilms are available through the Church’s Family History Center.


Names: The names are transcribed as best as can be understood. Searchers should understand that these records are in Cyrillic and Hebrew cursive letters, so they are not always easy to read. Letters that may get particularly confused are “a” and “o”, “i”, “n” and “p”, “d” and “b”, “sh” and “t”. So searchers should cast a broad net. Also, remember that people did not always use the same surname, so one should always consider the root name, and that name with various suffixes as possibly the same family. For instance, if you are looking for Kagan, also search for Kaganov and Kaganovskii. In Russian, names, like other nouns, change their forms depending on how they are used. They also change depending on the gender of the person. So Kagana is the female form of Kagan, while Kaganovskago or Kaganovskaya is the female form of Kaganovskii

The same is true of given names. What we call Rakhel might be Rockhel, Rakhlya or Rokhilya. In the standard naming pattern, a person had a given name, a middle name, and a surname. The middle name was the name of the individual’s father, with the suffix “-ov”, short for “-ovich”, meaning “son of” in the case of a boy, or the suffix “-ova”, short for “-ovna”, meaning “daughter of”. Many of our ancestors had compound given names, but were not always recorded with both names, so Rakhlya-Leya Moisei-Vulfova might appear that way in one record and as Rakhliya Moiseeva in another record. She is less likely to be recorded as Leya Vulfova, but that is also a possibility.

Registration: All residents of Russia were registered in a status, and most were registered to a place. 90% of Jews were registered as townspeople “meshchanin”; less than 10% were registered as merchants “kupets”; and a few were registered as farmers (we use that designation instead of peasants) “zemledskii”. Active duty and retired military have that status, most being privates. In this index, if a person is listed without a status, that person is a townsperson. The status and the place were assigned when the individual came to Russia. Both were hereditary. A child had the registration of the child’s father; when a woman married, her registration was changed to that of her husband. Registration could be changed, but that required both qualifying and money, both of which were usually in short supply in the Jewish community. For that reason, the status did not signify a person’s current occupation, and the place did not signify the person’s current residence.

Record #: Two individuals, the bride and the groom, have the same record number. A search using that number will find both.

Age: is the age at marriage, and has no reference to the age when the marriage was arranged. The median age of first marriage varied over time.

Median age of first marriage in the city of Nezhin, Chernigov, Ukraine

Status: w=widow or widower, d=divorced

Additional information in original record: Christian Julian calendar date and the Jewish calendar date of the marriage; the name of the rabbi; and the names of the two witnesses.


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