1870 Census of Newton Utah

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1870 CENSUS OF NEWTON, UTAH
transcribed by Larry D. Christiansen

1870 CENSUS - [Ninth Federal Census] - first census taken at Newton, Utah.
SCHEDULE 1.—Inhabitants in Newton, in the County of Cache Territory of Utah enumerated on the 11th and 12th days of August, 1870. Post Office Newton
[Utah]

Key to census schedule columns:

1. Dwelling No.8. Value of Real Estate 15. Attended school past year
2. Family No.9. Value of Personal Prop. 16. Education – cannot read
3. Names10. Place of birth 17. Education – cannot write
4. Age11. Parentage– F. foreign born 18. Whether deaf & dumb/blind/insane/etc.
5. Sex12. Parentage– M. foreign born 19. Male citizen over 21 years
6. Color13. If born within one year 20. Male citizen denied the right to vote
7. Occupation/Trade 14. If married within the year. 

12 34 56 78 910 1112 1314 1516 1718 1920
11 GodfreyGeorge 25M WFarmer $250$300 EnglandY Y       Y 
  " Emily21 FW Keeping House   EnglandY Y        
  " Martha3 FW At home   UtahY Y        
  " George H.5/12 MW At home   UtahY YDec        
22 LittlewoodWilliam 37M WBp. of Newton $600$1300 EnglandY Y          
  " Mary37 FW Keeping House   EnglandY Y        
  " Mary J.13 FW At home   UtahY Y   Y     
  " William F.11 MW At home   UtahY Y   Y     
  " George9 MW At home   UtahY Y   Y     
  " Margaret7 FW At home   UtahY Y   Y     
  " Lavinia5 FW At home   UtahY Y   Y     
  " Martin2 MW At home   UtahY Y        
  " Sarah36 FW At home   EnglandY Y        
  " Sophia22 FW At home   EnglandY Y        
  " Joseph3 MW At home   UtahY Y        
  " Henry1 MW At home   UtahY Y        
  " Ann28 FW Keeping House   EnglandY Y        
  " Elizabeth1 FW At home   UtahY Y        
33 BeckThomas 30M WFarmer $400$300 EnglandY Y       Y 
  " Isadore27 FW Keeping House   Pennsylvania          
  " Elizabeth9 FW At home   UtahY    Y     
  " Catherine6 FW At home   UtahY    Y     
  " Thomas4 MW At home   UtahY    Y      
  " Ellen1 FW At home   UtahY         
44 BeckJonas 31M WFarmer $260$100 EnglandY Y       Y 
  " Martha26 FW Keeping House   EnglandY Y        
  " Joseph3 MW At home   UtahY Y        
  " Mary E.7/12 FW At home   UtahY YOct        
55 ClarkCyrus 26M WFarmer $100$200 Iowa         Y  
  " Eliza24 FW Keeping House   EnglandY Y        
  " Eliza P.2 FW At home   Utah  Y        
66 SorensenHans 37M WShoemaker $100 Denmark YY        
  " Mary C.35 FW Keeping House   DenmarkY Y        
77 GriffinJohn 27M WFarmer $250$250 EnglandY Y Feb       
  " Ruth16 FW Keeping House   EnglandY Y Feb       
88 KeepJames 66M WStone Mason   EnglandY Y        
  " Ann56 FW Keeping House   EnglandY Y        
  " Maria J.13 FW At home   EnglandY Y   Y     
99 WilsonJoseph 25M WFarmer $200 England YY        
  " Ann24 FW Keeping House   EnglandY Y        
  " William3 MW At home   EnglandY Y        
  " Joseph2 MW At home   UtahY Y        
1010 GodfreyRichard 35M WFarmer $200$200 EnglandY Y        
  " Jane27 FW Keeping House   EnglandY Y        
  " Elizabeth10 FW At home   UtahY Y        
  " Jane8 FW At home   UtahY Y        
  " William R.6 MW At home   UtahY Y        
  " Thomas4 MW At home   UtahY Y        
  " John2 MW At home   UtahY Y        
  " Mary A.33 FW Keeping House   EnglandY Y        
  " Ann E.4 FW At home   UtahY Y        
  " Spencer4 MW At home   UtahY Y        
1111 WorthingtonSamuel 54M WHerding Stock   EnglandY Y          
  " Ann44 FW Keeping House   EnglandY Y     Y   
    RobinsonAlice 15F WAt home   EnglandY Y        
1212 CurtisHyrum 41M WFarmer $300$350 MichiganY        Y 
  " Mary E.33 FW Keeping House   Illinois          
  " Mary E.10 FW At home   Utah          
  " Leona8 FW At home   Utah          
  " Rosabell7 FW At home   Utah          
  " Hyrum5 MW At home   Utah          
  " Jasen3 MW At home   Utah          
1313 GoodyArthur 20M WFarmer $250 England YY  Nov       
  " Elzina17 FW Keeping House   UtahY Y Nov      
1414 SchearGodlip 36M WFarmer $100$300 Switzerland YY         
  " Alice30 FW Keeping House   SwitzerlandY Y        
  " Harold3 MW At home   UtahY Y        
  " Emma1 FW At home   UtahY Y        
1515 SurivelJohn 25M WFarmer $150 Switzerland YY        
  " Susan26 FW Keeping House   SwitzerlandY Y        
1616 MylerJames 48M WFarmer $150$250 Indiana         Y 
  " Julia A.44 FW Keeping House   Ohio          
  " Orrin W.13 MW At home   Utah          
  " Margaret11 FW At home   Utah      Y Y    
  " Charles C.9 MW At home   Utah          
  " Rozetta7 FW At home   Utah          
  " Franklin4 MW At home   Utah          
1717 MylerJoseph 24M WAt home sic Farmer$150 $150Illinois         Y 
  " Ann W.21 FW Keeping House   EnglandY Y        
  " Joseph3 MW At home   Utah   Y        
  " Elizabeth1 FW At home   Utah Y        
1818 CattStephen 56M WFarmer $300$250 EnglandY Y     Y    
  " Lydia55 FW Keeping House   EnglandY Y        
    GoodselAlfred 19M WFarm Laborer   EnglandY Y        
  " Hannah17 FW No occupation   DenmarkY Y        
1919 JenkinsJohn 25M WFarmer $300$100 WalesY Y       Y 
  " Mary20 FW Keeping House   IowaY Y        
  " John F.2 MW At home   UtahY         
2020 JohnsonJames 51M WFarmer $150$200 DenmarkY Y       Y 
  " Mary40 FW Keeping House   DenmarkY Y        
  " Mary7 FW At home   UtahY Y   Y     
  " James4 MW At home   UtahY Y        
  " Jonathan2 MW At home   UtahY Y        
2121 AndersonPeter 47M WFarmer  $250Denmark YY        
  " Sena39 FW Keeping House   DenmarkY Y        
  " Andrew13 MW At home   DenmarkY Y     Y   
  " Antony9 MW At home   DenmarkY Y        
  " Margaret12 FW At home   DemarkY Y     Y   
  " Martinus8 MW At home   DenmarkY Y        
  " Erastus1 MW At home   DenmarkY Y        
2222 BuslerFrederick 38M WFarm Laborer   SwitzerlandY Y         
2323 JensonJens 35M WFarmer $300$300 DenmarkY Y        
  " Mary26 FW Keeping House   DenmarkY Y        
2424 PoulsonMichael 65M WFarmer $350$375 DenmarkY Y        
  " Mary64 FW Keeping House   DenmarkY Y        
  Jorgenson Paul5 MW At home   UtahY Y        
2525 SuterJohn 24M WFarmer $350$350 SwitzerlandY Y Aug        
  " Mary19 FW Keeping House   DenmarkY Y Aug      
2626 ClarkAmos 37M WBlacksmith $300$100 WalesY Y        
  " Ann34 FW Keeping House   WalesY Y        
  " Ann14 FW At home   WalesY Y        
  " Elizabeth10 FW At home   WalesY Y        
  " Sarah9 FW At home   WalesY Y        
  " Mary C.7 FW At home   WalesY Y        
  " Amos1 MW At home   WalesY Y        
2727 BarkerJohn 28M WSchool Teacher $200$150 EnglandY Y          
  " Susan27 FW Keeping House   EnglandY Y        
  " John W.6 MW At home   UtahY Y        
  " Annie D.4 FW At home   UtahY Y        
  " William3 MW At home   UtahY Y        
  " Fredrick1 MW At home   UtahY Y        
2828 WhitakerLeander 26M WFarmer $100$150 Illinois         Y
  " Eliza21 FW Keeping House   Mississippi          
  " Leander3 MW At home   Utah          
  " Rebecca1 FW At home   Utah          
2929 AtkinsonAlfred J. 44M WFarmer $350$150 EnglandY Y          
  " Ann44 FW Keeping House   EnglandY Y     Y    
  " Elinor11 FW At home   UtahY Y   Y Y    
  " Brigham8 MW At home   UtahY Y   Y     
  " Elizabeth6 FW At home   UtahY Y        
  " Mariom2 FW At home   UtahY Y        
3030 LoosliElizabeth 28F WKeeping House   SwitzerlandY Y          
  " Eragat2/12 MW At home   UtahY YDec        
  Eckerman Ann4 FW At home   UtahY Y        
  " Eliza6 FW At home   SwitzerlandY Y        
  Loosli Barbra63 FW No occupation   SwitzerlandY Y        
3131 AndersonOle 33M WFarmer $450$450 DenmarkY Y        
  " Margaret20 FW Keeping House   EnglandY Y        
  " Susannah5/12 FW At home   UtahY YDec        
  " Alma6 MW At home   UtahY Y        
3232 Sharp sic Sparks William24 MW Farmer$350 $150England YY        
  " Bethia19 FW Keeping House   ScotlandY Y        
3333 JacobsSwen 46M WFarmer $350$350 NorwayY Y        
  " Sarah34 FW Keeping House   OhioY         
  " Mary A.15 FW At home   UtahY         
  " Swen14 MW At home   UtahY         
  " Joseph E.12 MW At home   UtahY         
  " Hyrum10 MW At home   UtahY         
  " Daniel5 MW At home   UtahY         
  " William1 MW At home   UtahY         
3434 BensonPeter 39M WFarmer $500 Denmark YY        
  " Martha36 FW Keeping House   DenmarkY Y        
  " Mary15 FW At home   UtahY Y        
  " Martha13 FW At home   UtahY Y        
  " Peter9 MW At home   UtahY Y        
  " John4 MW At home   UtahY Y        
  " Elizabeth1 FW At home   UtahY Y        
3535 NelsonJames 74M WNo occupation $100 Denmark YY     Y     
  " Karen B.44 FW Keeping House   DenmarkY Y     Y    
  " David14 MW At home   UtahY Y     Y    
  " Christina12 FW At home   UtahY Y     Y    
  " Caroline9 FW At home   UtahY Y        
  " James7 MW At home   UtahY Y        
3636 BellWilliam 35M WFarmer $300$200 Iowa         Y 
  " Martha33 FW Keeping House   DenmarkY Y        
  " William10 MW At home   Utah Y        
  " Martha J.8 FW At home   Utah Y        
  " Marion6 FW At home   Utah Y        
  " Eli4 MW At home   Utah Y        
  " Hyrum1 MW At home   Utah Y        
3737 CummingAlva 38M WFarmer $150 Maine         Y 
  " Jessie22 FW Keeping House   ScotlandY Y        
  " Laura L.4 FW At home   Utah Y        
  " Jessie2 FW At home   Utah Y        
3838 RicksWilliam 30M WFarmer $350$475 Illinois         Y 
  " Margaret.26 FW Keeping House   ScotlandY Y        
  " Clarinda4 FW At home   Utah Y        
  " William1 MW At home   Utah Y        
3939 LarsonPaul 49M WFarmer $300$300 DenmarkY Y        
  " Caroline36 FW Keeping House   DenmarkY Y        
  " Christina5 FW At home   UtahY Y        
  " Maria4 FW At home   UtahY Y        
  " Eliza3 FW At home   UtahY Y        
  " Annie1 FW At home   UtahY Y        
4040 YoungFranklin 30M WFarmer $450$450 Illinois         Y 
  " Nancy29 FW Keeping House   Illinois          
  " Archie F.8 MW At home   Utah          
  " Percia6 MW At home   Utah          
  " Evadnia4 FW At home   Utah          
  " Alie2 FW At home   Utah          
  " Harriet8/12 FW At home   Utah   Dec        
4141 [Young]Annie M. 23F WKeeping House   Utah           
  " Elizabeth5 FW At home   Utah          
  " David S.4 MW At home   Utah          
  " Remy M.8/12 FW At home   Utah          

TRANSCRIBER’S NOTES:

TOTALS - Families – 41; People – 195; U.S. citizens over 21 – fourteen.

The deputy or assistant marshals who took the census were provided with detailed written instructions covering the various elements of the census along with the directive that it be performed with "absolute accuracy. It was mandatory to have entries for each person listed in columns #1 through #7 and #10. The instructions further stated: "The inquiries in columns numbered 11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 19,and 20 are of such a nature that these columns only require to be filled when the answer to the inquiry is ‘Yes’." In these columns where appropriate the enumerator indicated "Yes" with a vertical slash [/]. In addition the directives stated that no report of personal property would be made if under $100.

The census-taker enrolled all of Clarkston on August 11th and went to Newton where on the same day he started the census of Newton which he finished on August 12th.

Some aspects on the 1870 Newton census:

1). Probable mistakes
Family #17 – Myler, Joseph . . .occupation "At home" should have been "Farmer."
Family #32 the listing is distinctly written "Sharp, William" age 24 with his wife "Bethia" age 19 with no children, but should have been William Sparks.
The reasons for this judgment are as follows: no "Sharps" has been found in the old records of Newton kept by the Church, school and other primary sources. However, there was a William Sparks with wife Bethea with no children and at the same ages as the couple listed on the census who were living in Clarkston where on Jan. 9, 1870 a baby girl was born and died the same day. His older brother George was also in Clarkston. When the census was taken in August there was no William Sparks listed in either Clarkston or Newton, and only Sparks listed at Clarkston being George’s family. Apparently William and his wife moved to Newton in accordance with the planned relocation of the entire Clarkston settlement to the new site at Newton before the census was taken. However, after President Young decided to let both settlement to continue the William Sparks family soon moved back to Clarkston where a child was born in March of 1871.

On the children less than a year old, the fraction of a year and the birth month listed don’t add up.

It will be noted that the census-taker made no notation of any youngster "At school" as he had at Clarkston, but did list one "School Teacher" [#27].

2). Names – The handwritten records can be difficult to decipher and this along with the enumerator’s spelling, some extraordinary flourishes in his script and the interpretation thereof could result in a scrambling of some names. This enumerator had a strong tendency to write Danish names that ended with "sen" by listing them as "son." All of the Danish names, except Benson, should have had the "sen" ending. The Benson family had changed their name from "Bendtsen" to Benson. Several of the names are slightly different from the form used today.

In the late 1870s Bishop William Littlewood changed his surname to Rigby. At least some of the "Clark" names should have been "Clarke," "Suter" should have been "Seiter," "Loosli" should have been "Loosle" and the "Eckerman" under family #30 probably should have been "Aeschilman."

Due to the circumstances at Clarkston and Newton at the time of the 1870 census, both must be checked before determining where individuals were at the taking of the census. Shortly after the August census of 1870 several families at Newton moved back to their old community of Clarkston (the Godfreys, Keeps, Goodys, Mylers, Larsens, Sparks, and probably Cyrus Clark), and it became and remained the larger community for several decades.

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Updated: 09 Oct 2007


Copyright 2007 by Larry D. Christiansen
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