"Old News" of Newton, Utah

[ Newton UT ] [ Cache ] [ Towns ]

NEWTON, UTAH - In the newspapers from 1870 to 1940s
By Larry D. Christiansen

Part 1 – Introduction and a Selected Topical Index, newspaper coverage 1870 through December 1883.
Part 2 – 1884 through June 15, 1892.
Part 3 – June 18, 1892 through October 19, 1895
Part 4 – October 22, 1895 to March 1898
Part 5 – 1895 through 1911
Part 6 – 1912 to 1940s

Part 1 – Introduction and a Selected Topical Index, newspaper coverage 1870 through December 1883.

INTRODUCTION

Before there was a newspaper in Cache Valley, the articles included are from the Deseret News Weekly and The Millennial Star . After the first Cache County newspaper the primary sources are the papers published in Logan under the following names:

Logan Leader - 1879-1882
Utah Journal - 1882-1889
Logan Journal - 1889 -1891
The Journal - 1892 - 1898 [It continued under this name into 1931]
A few Ogden newspapers are also cited.

The Logan newspapers of the period covered the religious aspects with great deference to the Mormons in both practice and policies. They advertised meetings, conferences, Sunday School union meetings, jubilees and all auxiliaries with expanded coverage of conferences and printed many long sermons in their issues. They were very close to being a quasi-religious organ of the church in their subject matters, and made fun of law enforcement officers failing to capture a "cohab" and praised the escape of fleeing polygamists. The only noted exceptions to this policy were when the Church leaders (general, stake or ward) became overly involved in politics or criticized the free press. Below is an example of the latter that happened in Logan and reported in its newspaper:

"President Joseph F. Smith remarked in the presence of about 25 men during his recent visit to Logan that ‘all the newspapers, Mormon as well as Gentiles, were d--d liars.’ Pretty strong language that, considering how the newspapers have created the friendly sentiment in the world for the people of Utah and how these same papers have labored for statehood. It may be that some of the things they said in order to get statehood were not true, but the statements were based on a belief in President Smith and others. We hope our distinguished friend will not abuse that confidence that reposed in him." -- The Journal , May 7, 1896, p. 8.

Arrangement:

The date posted on the left hand margin and at the top of each article is the date published in the paper followed by the location by page number and article heading and after the article the source citation. The next article will be separated from the first by four asterisks followed by the date and source for the second article as per this example:

July 4, 1869 – page 1 under "Important News"

[First article including a closing source citation. ]

* * * *
July 5, 1869 – page 1 under "Newton News."

[Next article.]

If there is another article from the same date, it will be denoted by a page number or in words and set apart by using a slightly indented two asterisks as per this example:

* * In the same issue on page…. [ NOTE: Italic used only for emphasis in this example.]

Guidelines :

Anyone reading this collection should be aware of the following points:
1). Spelling of individual names must be viewed with wide latitude– frequently there will be Clark instead of Clarke, and those with endings in "sen" or "son" were often printed wrong and sometimes both the "son" and "sen" forms were used for a person in the same article. In addition there are some names with more than one problem area—for instance "Christiansen" or "Christensen," or "Christianson" or "Christenson."

2). Spelling and punctuation in general – many of the letters to the editor had the writer’s view of words spelled phonetically plus colloquial expressions of the time period. For instance, in the early days of Newton the writers liked the "programme" form but eventually some came to use "program." There are some double or repeated words (the the, etc,) which are denoted with a [ sic ]. Much more numerous are the misspelled words, some by the writers of letters to the editor and others, perhaps, when the material was placed in printed form. I have chosen to only indicate these misspellings on a limited basis by using the bracketed [ sic ] or [ sic + the correct spelling] sparingly. When reading a few of the letters to the editor where the author used an Irish enunciation or brogue to carry the story, the corrections would have doubled the size of the article and been more of a distraction than helping.

There will be noted inconsistent use and misuse of capitalization, periods, commas, apostrophes; on the latter for instance, they are sometimes misplaced such as "did’nt" instead of correctly as "didn’t." Sometimes there is a question mark in the text of an article shown in parentheses with curved lines as (?). This is the editor or author’s question, if this transcriber had a question, it will be posted in square brackets such as [?].

3). The graphic text of some of the newspaper was difficult to read, making the deciphering of some words hard to make out. If I was unable to determine a word or phrase, I used a blank with a question mark "___?_" to indicate the problem.

4). In this collection there are a few references to other places such as Richmond, Smithfield, Clarkston, Cache Junction, etc., with no direct reference to Newton. I did so to convey a bit of color, troubles, etc., of the time and area.

5). I tried hard not to place too much personal information or my ideas in this collection, but where I failed in this, it is placed in italics and/or brackets, or shown as a "NOTE."

Much of the information found in this collection came from letters to the editor. A few wrote repeated letters, most just a few times and some only once. Some used their full names or initials, while the majority used a nom-de-plume or pseudonymous name or title.

Name or Initials :
Barker, John H. or J.H.B.                                               F.L.
Beck, J. N.                                                                   J.J.J.
Christensen, C. M.                                                        MEM
Christensen, Elinor B.                                                    N.F.J. (? Possibly W. F. J)
Griffin, John E.                                                              TAT
Larsen, Lorenzo or Lorenzo [using only first name]           W.F.J. – William F. Jensen
Welchman, A. P. or A.P.W. or W.                                  ZY
AC

Pseudonymous Names (a nom de plume or pen name):
A CITIZEN                                                                    OBSERVER
A DEMOCRAT                                                              OCCASIONAL or OCCASIONALLY
A LOVER OF SWEET MUSIC                                        ONE OF THE BOYS
AMERICAN                                                                   ONE WHO WAS PRESENT
A RESIDENTER                                                            ONE WHO WAS THERE
BENCOMB                                                                   RIP VAN WINKLE
CALVE                                                                        SCRIBE
CRITIC                                                                         SPOOPINDIKESFITSBOODLE
EXIT                                                                            THE CITIZENS
MANIKIN                                                                      VOX
MOIKE or "Mike"                                                          VI or Vi
MUG WUMP                                                                Virginia
NEWTONIAN

Personal comments on these individuals would include that I was pleased that they wrote, and only wished they and others had done so more often. Yet they leave me speculating, since there seemed to be a fixation or complex that Newton had been forgotten, and so often did this theme enter the letters that I wondered if there was something in the water of Newton that produced this feeling. And on "Moike" (Mike) his ways and means gave me fits to transcribe as he wrote it, and it didn’t help that I was most often chuckling to myself at his sense of humor. I have an opinion as to his real identify, but I will keep it to myself for the present. However, if any reader can identify by real name any of the nom-de-plumes , I would love the have them, plus, if possible, a short biography of those individuals.

Selected Topical Index :

[By way of publication date – i.e., 10/17/85 – Oct. 17, 1885.]

"A Resolution of Respect in Honor of W. F. Rigby" – 10/14/1885.

Accidents – 11/6/78; 11/27/78; 1/29/79; 3/12/80; 12/9/81; 9/8/82; 8/29/83; 7/15/85; 7/28/86; 10/19/87; 11/18/91; 7/30/92; 8/27/92; 8/19/93; 8/25/94; 8/24/95;7/6/97; 7/17/97.

Artesian wells (flowing wells) – 10/17/85; 10/31/85; 8/7/86; 8/21/86; 10/6/86; 1/9/96.

Base Ball (baseball) – 5/12/86; 7/27/92; 8/3/92; 5/16/94; 5/23/94; 6/13/94; 5/23/95; 5/28/95; 6/18/96; 7/9/96; 7/16/96.

Branch organizations – SS at C.J. 3/11/93; 11/16/97; SS at Alto, 3/11/93.

Bricks – 7/20/92; 8/13/95; 2/19/98.

Bridges – 1/9/74; 5/3/76; 3/3/82; 9/15/83; 9/23/83; 9/26/83; 10/13/83; 10/17/83; 11/7/83; 2/27/86.

Building boom – 5/5/88; 11/12/90; 7/20/92; 6/19/97; 11/16/97.

Burton travelogue – 1/9/74.

Cache Junction – 11/10/90; 6/3/91; 6/20/91; 12/9/91; 12/19/91; 1/27/92; 7/20/92; 3/9/92; 3/19/92; 8/6/92; 12/10/92; 12/24/92; 3/11/93; 7/2/95; 8/13/95; 6/9/96; 6/18.96; 9/19/96; 10/22/96; 5/4/97; 5/25/97; 6/10/97; 9/11/97; 11/16/97; 1/1/98; 3/10/98.

Cache Junction shooting – 5/4/97: 5/25/97.

Clarkston-Newton exchange -1/21/85; 2/4/85.

Creamery – 6/13/94; 7/2/95; 1/28/96; 3/5/96; 6/25/96; 5/20/97; 7/1/97; 1/28/96.

"Danish ring," "Royal Family," or xenophobia – feuding through the newspaper –1/11/96; 1/21/96; 6/18/97; 6/30/96; 7/16/96/; 7/18/96; 7/20/96; 7/23/96; 7/30/96; 8/1/96 (2); 8/11/96.

Dedication of new meeting house – 4/1/93.

Digging out bovines frozen in the mud – 2/16/83.

Dirty linen in newspaper – 8/11/96.

"Dog-Goned Nuisance" – 12/19/83. Also 2/3/82; 9/26/83; 12/19/83.

Dr. T. S. Bulmer in Newton – 8/27/92 plus a note on the doctor.

"Ducking in Bear River" – 12/9/81.

Eisteddfod – 2/12/98; 3/3/98.

"Fakir" (faker) hits Newton – 10/13/96.

Flour mill in Newton – 5/5/88.

Foot racing by bragging Newtonite – 8/5/93; 6/30/94.

Friendly advice to feuding Newtonites – 8/11/96; from a participant- "And, let it rest there." – 7/30/96.

Freak of Nature – 3/23/97.

Grasshoppers, locust – 5/9/71; 11/14/77; 7/3/86; 5/5/88; 6/9/88; 8/24/95.

Hail storms – 8/28/78; 5/11/82.

"hush! it is from Newton" (Logan newspaper correspondent’s two trips to Newton) – 12/15/85; 12/11/86.

Indignation meetings – 1/26/70; 2/2/70; 2/9/70; 3/9/70; 4/12/70.

Industrial reports – 2/12/79; report of coal at Clarkston – 4/19/76.

Johnson boy’s remains found – 4/18/76.

Logan Temple – 8/28/78; 2/6/80; 8/12/81; 8/25/82; 4/27/83; 5/8/83; 5/18/83;5/17/84; 7/19/85.

Lost in snowstorm – 12/29/83.

Martin Harris, start of fund for a monument – 12/5/91.

"met their Waterloo" – 7/1/97.

Missionaries – Jonas N. Beck – 5/7/79; 12/3/79. Hans Funk – 4/7/80.

"Missionary farms" – 11/4/85.

Missionary letters from Wales ( Amos Clarke) – 3/5/95; 3/19/95.

Moike or Mike’s letters – 12/24/90; 3/28/91; 5/27/91; 5/23/95; 9/17/95.

Mountain lions – 1/7/96; 4/16/96; 3/16/97.

Mulberry trees swindle – 6/19/97.

New settlement – 3/24/69; 4/21/69.

Newspaper suggestion to those writing in – 4/22/81; 2/3/82; 9/1/83; 1/30/84.

New tithing office – 7/20/92.

Newton District School ("Day School") – 7/22/76; 8/8/76; 10/11/76; 11/14/77; 10/9/79; 2/13/80; 5/28/80; 2/4/81; 11/7/83; 9/16/85; 3/31/86.

Newton Dramatic Co. or Association – 1/26/83; 2/23/83; 3/31/83; 3/29/86; 2/8/90.

Newton Ecclesiastical Ward – 5/18/83.

Newton Irrigation Co. or Association – 10/9/79; 4/21/82; 11/16/97; 1/29/98.

“Newton Not Dead” – 2/8/90; “was such a place” – 1/10/85.

Newton Post Office discontinued – 7/28/86; poor mail service – 6/20/91; needs looking after, 4/26/93; changed, 5/16/93.

Newton proud of Parley P. Christensen (Presidential candidate in 1920) – 9/11/97.

Newton Reservoir and/or Dam – 4/2/79; 7/8/81; 8/5/81; 3/3/82; 3/31/82 (breaks); 4/21/82; 3/13/83; 7/15/85; 6/9/88 (breaks); 3/16/89; 2/15/93; 5/20/93 (breaks); 5/16/94; 11/16/97; 1/29/98; 2/19/98; 3/3/98; 3/10/98.

Newton Rock quarry (or stone or rock building) – 12/24/90; 7/20/92;5/23/95; 8/13/95; 8/11/96; 6/19/97; 7/17/97.

Newton Theological Department – 1/7/1897.

Newton "Ward Agricultural Society" – 3/14/1895; Cache Valley - 2/11/1896; 2/15/1896.

"Pearl before swine" – 8/5/1893.

Pieplant – 6/1/1883; 5/20/1885. [aka rhubarb]

Pioneer Jubilee – 6/17/1897.

Politics – 6/4/92; 6/15/92; 10/8/92; 10/12/92; 10/15/92; 10/19/92; 10/22/92; 10/29/92; 11/10/92; 10/7/93; 10/10/93; 5/16/94; 6/6/94; 8/15/94; 10/20/94; 11/7/94; 11/14/94; 9/3/95; 10/1/95; 11/2/95; 11/9/95; 7/23/96; 9/3/96; 10/15/96;10/29/96; 11/5/96; 7/17/97.

Politics in the religious realm (Cache Co. & Newton) – 6/18/96; 8/1/96; 11/5/96.

Polygamy (plural marriage, Edmund’s Bill, unlawful cohabitation, etc.) – 4/12/70; 4/21/82; 6/2/82; 8/29/85; 8/11/86;10/13/86; 10/16/86; 10/28/87; 10/29/87; 11/20/87; 11/23/87; 12/6/87; 12/7/87; 12/10/87; 12/18/87; 12/21/87; 5/20/88; 9/4/88; 8/28/89; 10/14/93; 6/16/94.

Public or town square – 5/16/94; 5/23/95; 4/16/96; 7/30/96; 8/11/96; 6/19/97.

Putting up ice – 2/12/98.

Railroad – 4/29/81; 5/6/81; 11/11/81; 6/19/83; 3/16/89; 2/12/90; 11/12/90; 1/27/92.

Runaways – 2/12/98.

Sickness – 4/16/80; 8/28/81; 11/21/82; 12/15/82; 1/12/83; 1/19/83; 5/4/83; 9/15/83; 9/16/85; 3/31/86; 12/24/92; 3/14/94; 2/23/95; 8/24/95; 10/1/95; 4/16/96; 12/5/96; 11/16/97.

Silk culture – 8/6/95; 8/8/85; 6/19/97.

Strange lizard – 6/22/70; 6/9/75.

Surprise party for two polygamists going to Uncle Sam’s boarding house - 11/23/87.

Stores (Co-op and others) – 2/4/81; 3/13/83; 5/2/88; 2/12/90; 12/24/92; 3/11/93; 3/15/93; 8/26/93; 3/5/96.

Sugar beets – 2/8/98.

Teachers (day school) – 7/22/76; 8/7/76; 2/4/81; 11/17/83; 12/9/91; 7/9/92; 2/15/93; 1/3/94; 3/14/94; 5/16/94; 5/19/94; 5/28/95; 8/1/95; 11/2/95; 8/27/96; 1/1/98; 1/6/98; 3/3/98.

Telegraph line (private line) – 12/24/92; 2/15/93.

"The Newton Affair" – 8/13/80.

"three cheers and a tiger" – 1/9/96.

Trouble with the dance floor – 12/5/96.

Tribute to Supt. Wm. F. Jensen - 1/7/97.

Tramps – 7/20/92; 8/6/92; 4/16/96.

Watch swindle – 3/10/98.

Welchman case – 7/20/92; 7/27/92; 8/3/92; 8/6/92; 8/10/92.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

NEWTON IN THE NEWSPAPERS

* * * *
March 24, 1869 - page 7 under "Items."

"CLARKSTON.--Brother F. W. Young, writing from Clarkston, Cache county, on the 6th instant says the people of that settlement, under the direction of Bishops Maughan, Preston and Littlewood, had turned out en masse and located a new settlement about five miles south of their present one, on the north bank of Bear River.

"The people of Clarkston, Oxford and Weston had joined in a petition to the Post Office Department for a semi-weekly mail from Bear River North to Oxford, upon the strength of which they had started a mail of their own. All friends writing to them are requested to direct to Newton, Cache county via Bear River North.

"Sleighing had been good in that section up to the date of our correspondent's letter; but the snow was then beginning to yield."
--The Deseret News, Weekly, March 24, 1869.

* * * *
April 21, 1869 - page 5 under "Correspondence."

"NEWTON, CACHE CO.,
April 14th, 1869 "Editor Deseret News:--"
We have often been told that 'the Lord helps those who help themselves, but I wish to ask do we all do for ourselves what we wish the Lord todo for us? Again I wish to ask have you ceased to publish the NEWS? Has the Telegraph also ceased to go forth? Or shall we blame some postmaster for the non-appearance of the papers? "As has been previously announced, we of this place, Weston and Oxford, have started a semi-weekly mail to and from Bear River north, but our mail carrier returns from there with an empty sack. A long time ago we got No. 7 of the DESERET NEWS, the week following we got No. 6, since then we have not seen the paper at all.

"We are aware that a period has just passed called 'Conference time;' but all we know of it here is that some one passed through here yesterday loaded to the bows with goods. He was just from Conference, and said they had a good time, and we heard of one man being 'called on a mission;' more than this we know not. We learn in a round-about way that our papers are at Logan. Who knows if it is true? And if true, why were they sent to Logan? We feel either neglected or imposed upon by some one, and hope that editors and postmasters and private correspondents will try and help us while we are 'little' and are trying hard to help ourselves.

"Let our mail come to Bear River North and we shall get it twice a week, then as in duty bound we will ever be thankful.

WHEELER."
--The Deseret News, Weekly, April 21, 1869.

* * * *
January 26, 1870 - page 6 under "The Recent Mass Meetings.--Their Real Significance."

. . . .
"This itching to discourse in public is by no means confined to gentlemen, but the ladies of America delight to shine in the forum, and of late years lady lecturers on woman's right have become an acknowledged public institution.

"The Territory of Utah, however, has not been a very profitable or lucrative field for this class of public professionals, for the ladies of Utah know that they live in a community where woman’s most sacred rights are held inviolate, in which any man, who would not dare anything, even to hazarding life itself in the defense of woman’s honor, is deemed unworthy of a standing therein. It is to be deplored that Utah is the only part of the civilized world where such is the case, hence there is some excuse for the frequent unfeminine displays that take place where women congregate to advocate their favorite movement.

"A woman's right meeting, even in Utah, is not quite unknown, however, through until a few days ago such a thing, attended by ladies only, had never been heard of.

On Friday last, much a meeting was held in the Tabernacle of this city; and in many other cities in the Territory. But this, though, in the strictest sense, a woman’s right meeting, was of a very different character from such meetings held in the States.  It was not to assert and maintain woman’s equality with man, either mentally, at the polls, or in any other capacity; but it was to maintain and assert the dearest of all woman’s prerogatives,--namely her right to chose a husband. In not other civilized country under heaven, is this right disputed, at least in the eye of the law; but as measures designed to deprive the ladies of Utah of this most inalienable of all woman's rights are talked of and contemplated in certain quarters, they very properly assembled to protest against them. We refer of course to certain notorious bills much talked of, of late, framed by Messr. Cragin and Cullom, designed expressly to abolish the practice of patriarchal marriage as revealed from heaven to, and practiced among, the members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. . . .

"Viewed in this light we think the indignation meetings of the ladies of Utah are deserving of consideration by all; and for the noble stand they have taken in defense of that which they know to be true they deserve and will receive blessings in time and eternity."
-- The Deseret News , Jan. 26, 1870.

* * * *
February 2, 1870 - page 1 under "Indignation Meetings in the Settlements."

". . .the ladies in various settlements throughout the Territory have held mass meetings to protest against the infamous measures proposed by the Cragin and Cullom bills. . . . The minutes of many of these meetings have already been forwarded us, with a request for publication. . . ." [ Reports on the meeting as Grantsville, Milton, Fairfield, Provo, Ephraim, Santaquin, Tooele City and Providence .]
-- The Deseret News , Feb. 2, 1870.

* * * *
February 9, 1870 - page 12 under "Indignation Meetings."

more towns check in -- Kanosh City, Franklin, Mona, Spanish Fork, Manti,Lehi.
-- The Deseret News , Feb.9, 1870.

* * * *
March 9, 1870 - page 1 under "The Ladies’ Mass Meeting--Their True Significance."

"On the 13th of January the first indignation meeting, to protest against the billin Congress designed to suppress the patriarchal marriage system in Utah, was held by the ladies of this city. Since then similar meetings have been held in the principal cities and settlements of the Territory, and we have received the reports of the same from:-- Pleasant Grove, Salem, Millville, Richmond, Wellsville, Springville, Nephi, Grantsville, Milton, Fairfield, Kanosh, Hyrum, Fillmore, Willard, Scipio, Rockville, American Fork, Farmington, Mount Pleasant, Springtown, Fountain Green, Toquerville, Alpine City, Porterville, Franklin, Mona, Spanish Fork, Manti, Lehi, Cedar City, Payson, West Jordon, Beaver, South Jordon, Clarkston, Logan, Brigham City, Clifton, Paris, Parowan, Hebron, Pinto, Pine Valley, Centreville, Weber City, South Cottonwood, Minersville, Newton, Virgin City, Kaysville, Smithfield, Washington, Adamsville and Greenville.

"Several of these reports we have published in a condensed form, in the columns of the News; we should be grad to publish all, but lack of space and a fear that a repetition of sentiments exactly similar, would prove tedious to the majority of our readers compel us to refrain. We intended to publish the names of the officers and speakers at the various meetings, believing that they deserved to be held in remembrance, but instead of that, we shall hand them all, with the reports of the speeches they have furnished us, to President Geo. A. Smith, Church Historian, that they may be preserved in the archives of the church. The number of ladies who have attended these meetings amount in the aggregate to not less, we feel confident in saying, than twenty-five thousand, and twenty-five thousand women voluntarily assembling for such a purpose,--to endorse patriarchal marriage and to protest against legislation designed to suppress it, is without a parallel in the world's history, and furnishes an incontestable [sic] proof that the women of Utah, when brought to the test of principle, can be as firm and decided in their integrity as the sterner sex."
-- The Deseret News , March 9, 1870

* * * *
April 12, 1870 – From a front page article entitled
"INDIGNATION MEETINGS OF THE LADIES OF
UTAH, TO PROTEST AGAINST THE CULLOM AND CRAGIN BILLS"

"After the great Indignation Meeting of the ladies of Salt Lake City, in the Tabernacle, Jan. 13, to protest against the passage of the infamous Cullom Bill and similar bills in Congress of the United States, the ladies of many of the different settlements in the Territory held similar meetings. The number assembled in the mass meetings at Salt Lake City and the following settlements is estimated at 25,000--Pleasant Grove, Salem, Millville, Richmond, Wellsville, Springville, Nephi, Granstville, Milton, Fairfield, Kanosh, Hyrum, Fillmore, Willard, Scipio, Rockville, American Fork, Farmington, Mount Pleasant, Springtown, Fountain Green, Toquerville, Alpine City, Porterville, Franklin, Mona, Spanish Fork, Manti, Lehi, Cedar City, Payson, West Jordon, Beaver, South Jordan, Clarkston, Logan, Brigham City, Clifton, Paris, Parowan, Hebron, Pinto, Pine Valley, Centreville, Weber City, South Cottonwood, Minersville, Newton, Virgin City, Kaysville, Smithfield, Washington, Adamsville, and Greenville.

"We copy from the Deseret News brief reports of several of these meetings. . . .
-- Latter-Day Saints’ Millennial Star, Vol. 32, No. 15, April 12, 1870 (LDS Church’s newspaper published in England)

* * * *
June 22, 1870 - page 8 under "Correspondence."
"SODA SPRINGS, JUNE 11,1870.
“Bro. Cannon:--Dear Sir,--An express leaves here this morning and I have only time to write a few lines. On June 6th we drove to Bear River City, crossed the ferry and held a meeting in the morning; this settlement contains sixty-five families. The meeting was addressed by Presidents Young and D. H. Wells, and Elder B. Young, Jun.; much good instruction was given to the people. We then drove to Bear River bridge, where we partook of the hospitality of Bro. Ben. Hampton, by eating an excellent dinner. We then drove to Portage and held a meeting. D.H. Wells, John Taylor, W. Woodruff, F.D. Richards and
President Young spoke to the people.

"On the 7th we drove to Malad City and held a meeting in the bowery, when the people were addressed by D. H. Wells, W. Woodruff, J. Taylor, B. Young, Jun., and President Young, at the close of the meeting we dined and drove to Portage, where we spent the night.

"On the 8th we drove to the top of the mountain dividing the Malad from Cache valley, where we had a splendid view of the Malad valley. We then descended into Cache valley and arrived at Newton at 12 o'clock. We held a meeting at Newton, when Lorenzo Snow and John Taylor spoke to the people. We then drove to Clarkston and held a meeting with the people, who were addressed by President Young upon the subject of their settlements and gave much good counsel. At the close of the meeting we returned to Newton and held another meeting in the bowery, when D. B. Huntington, President Young and Bro. Penrose addressed the people.

"On the 9th we left Newton, drove about six miles and visited a strange well, surrounded by a rough stone wall, about forty feet in diameter, ten feet deep, containing a specimen of a strange fish or reptile, from five to eight inches in length; it had four legs like a lizard, the head was encircled with something that looked like horns in the water, but folded back when out of water; it had much the appearance of a fish in the New England waters called Pouts, or Bull Heads; we caught several with a hook and examined them and threw them back; the water was of a greenish cast with an oily surface. We left the well and drove to Weston, ten miles and a half from the well. We held a meeting at Weston, when the people were addressed by Presidents Young and D. H. Wells. We dined and drove to Clifton and stopped a few moments, and then drove to Oxford and held a meeting, when the people were addressed by L. Snow, W. Woodruff, J. Taylor, R. T. Burton, D. H. Wells and President Young.

"There are seventeen settlements in Cache Valley, and the settlements we have thus far visited in Cache are on the west side of the valley and these we have not before visited.

"On the 10th we left Oxford at 6 o'clock and drove six hours over a big rough mountain road, and nooned on a stream called Little Portneuf Creek; we stopped here two hours, and then drove three and a half hours more and arrived at Soda Springs at 6:30 in the evening, having traveled 65 miles over about the roughest and most mountainous road that we ever traveled in this Territory, but men and teams stood it very well. We had in our company some twenty-three carriages and wagons, with about 50 persons in the company.
"When we arrived at Soda Springs we met with Elders Rich and David P. Kimball, with 50 men, seven baggage wagons and a brass band. There were tow large tents and a good hewn log house, erected by President You, 22 x 18 feet, with a good floor, doors, windows and shingle roof, which makes it very convenient for a dining room for President Young and company, who expect to tarry until next Monday morning.

"We have passed so far upon our journey with no harm or accident to any of the company, and all are enjoying general good health. When I left home I was quite poorly with a cold and sore throat, but soon recovered, and I now feel well.

"Our road was measured with an Odometer until it gave out.

"The teachings upon the journey have been the same as given to the Saints in other settlements; the Spirit of the Lord has been with us and we have been instructed, edified and much blessed and prospered upon our journey.

"The Bear Lake Monsters are an established fact in the minds of all who are acquainted with the various circumstances under which they have been seen. A few days since three of the brethren in a boat, came near running on to one in the Lake, lying quiet in the water.
"We shall hold a meeting to-morrow.
W. Woodruff."
--The Deseret News, Weekly, June 22, 1870.

* * * *
March 15, 1871 - page 3 under "Local and Other Matters."

"A NEW BRIDGE.--A new bridge has lately been built across Bear River on a direct line between Logan and Newton, Cache county. This is a much needed improvement, there being a great deal of traffic between the settlements on the south-east of the valley and those west of the river. An appropriation was made in December last, by the County Court, to build the bridge, the balance of the expense being sustained by the people of Clarkston and Newton. Messrs. Peter Maughan, S. Molen, S. Roskelly, W. F. Littlewood and Simon Smith were appointed a locating committee and W. B. Preston, F. W. Young and S. Smith a committee of construction. Work was commenced on January 3rd, and on February 15th it was so far completed that teams were enabled to cross. It is called Newton bridge, and is 109 feet in length. It is substantial, and was put up in the expeditious and energetic manner usually manifested by the people of Cache Valley in all matters of public enterprise and improvement."
--The Deseret News, Weekly, March 15, 1871.

* * * *
April 19, 1871 - page 12 under "Local and Other Matters.

"Salt Lake City, April 9th, 1871.
"Editor Deseret News:-- Dear Sir. I wish to correct a statement made in the NEWS of the 8th inst., in relation to Newton, Clarkston and Round Valley, to the effect that the grasshoppers and their eggs were so numerous in those places that the people felt discouraged and were consequently sowing but little grain. It is not the case in Clarkston, there being no eggs in that settlement, and the people are sowing a greater breadth of land than on any previous season, and feel quite encouraged. I am not posted with regard to other localities, but hope people will nowhere neglect to put in their crops, for those who do not sow cannot expect to reap. It is time we did reap for we have suffered heavily from the ravages of the insects for the last five years, but trust it has all been for our good and that we will profit thereby.

Yours truly,
Simon Smith."
--The Deseret News, Weekly, April 19, 1871.

* * * *
May 9, 1871 – From "Utah News" two representative examples:

Near "the mounds in the vicinity of Spanish Fork" – "A curious relic of the past was ploughed up. . . . It is a piece of metal, seemingly copper, about 1 ¾ x 1 3/8 inches, on one side is engraved the figure of a man in priestly robes, with a censer in his hand; and altar on which the fire is kindled; a tree, probably emblematical of the tree of life, and above the tree a representation of the sun. When found the metal was encrusted with rust, but this was carefully removed, and the engraving remains clear and distinct as if recently done."

"Bishops Samuel Roskelly of Smithfield, and William F. Littlewood of Newton, Cache Valley, report that never before was there so large a breadth of fall wheat sown, and it never looked so promising as this season. Spring grains also were being sown on a large scale than hitherto, and there was a perfect rage for fruit, shade and ornamental trees and shrubbery. Grasshoppers had made their appearance on the banks of the Bear, near Newton, and many eggs had been found at Weston, Clarkston, and Round Valley, also on the east side. . . . Logan and Oxford had a semi-weekly mail service, and Brigham City and Franklin were to have a tri-weekly."
-- Latter-Day Saints’ Millennial Star -- Vol. 33, No. 19, page 303, May 9, 1871.

July 26, 1871 - page 1 under "Local and Other Matters."

"DROWNED IN CACHE VALLEY.--On the 13th inst., Brother Peter Chrisitan [Christian] Paulsen, a Dane, was drowned while bathing in Bear river. We are indebted to F. W. Young, Esq., of Newton, for the following details of the sad occurrence:

"'While bathing with several boys and one man in Bear river, near Newton, Cache county, U.T., on the 13th inst., Peter Christian Paulsen got into deep water, and not being able to swim, was drowned. The man (Bro. Alfred Goodsell) who was bathing at the time, some distance from him, went to his assistance, and was twice drawn under the water, and only freed himself, by great exertion, from the grasp of the drowning man, who had him by one of his legs. The body was drawn out with a seine about one hour after, and was buried at Newton the next day.'

"'He was born Jan. 3rd, 1845, at Weggerslev, Rander's Amt, Denmark. Came across the plains in Capt. John Hollman's company in 1868. He was a single man, and has no known relatives in this country. He was a tailor by trade, and of a quiet, gentlemanly disposition, and much respected by all who knew him."
"Scandinavian Star please copy."
--The Deseret News, Weekly, July 26, 1871.

* * * *
August 16, 1871 – page 8 under "Local and Other Matters."

"THE CACHE VALLEY CROPS &c.--Elder George L. Farrell, of Logan, called this morning, and he kindly furnished us with the following approximate estimate of the grain crops of the County:

 
 Wheat OatsBarley
bu. bu.bu.
Logan 41,000 7,0002,000
Clarkston 5,000 2,0001,000
Newton 800 100100
Weston 500 200100
Oxford 1,300 600100
Franklin 8,000 2,000300
Richmond 9,000 5,0002,000
Smithfield 7,000 1,000500
Hyde Park 10,000 600---
Providence 15,000 ------
Millville 8,000 ------
Hyrum 15,000 ------
Paradise 15,000 ------
Wellsville 8,000 400---
Mendon 9,000 500500

"The above is a much more satisfactory showing than was expected, from the appearance of things while the grasshoppers were at their work of destruction
"Corn, pease [plural for pea] and sugar cane look very promising throughout the entire County at present, and should the 'hoppers' not pay another visit the yield will be excellent."

** In the same August 16th issue - page 10 under "Died."

"At Newton, Cache Co., July 27th, of childbirth MARY, wife of W. F. Littlewood.  [Mary Littlewood]
"Deceased was born September 18th, 1833, at Rainrow, near Macclesfield, Cheshire, England. She came to Utah in 1873, and was the mother of nine children, seven of whom are living. She was a good wife, a kind mother, an obliging neighbor, and was greatly respected by all who knew her.

--COM.
"Mill. Star, please Copy."
--The Deseret News, Weekly, Aug. 16, 1871.

* * * *
March 26, 1872 – From a front page article entitled "The Constitutional Convention (Condensed from the Utah papers)" stating that delegated to this convention met in Salt Lake City to form a Constitution for a state government with Honorable Lorenzo Snow elected "President pro tem." In an early session the committed on credentials reported the following persons as entitled to seats in the convention:
Beaver County – Daniel Tyler and two others
Cache – William Hyde, W. F. Littlewood, William H. Maughan, M. D. Hammond, William B. Preston, L. H. Hatch, M. W. Merrill, O. N. Liljenquest, Moses
Thatcher – 9
Salt Lake – 18 including – Z. Snow, Geo. Q. Cannon, A. P. Rockwood, Orson Pratt.
-- Latter-Day Saints’ Millennial Star, Vol. 34, No. 13, p. 193, Mar. 26, 1872.

* * * *
May 22, 1872 - page 7 under "Local and Other Matters."

"WATER ABUNDANT.--We met Brother S. Collett, of Cache County. . . . We are informed by him that nearly all the bottom lands in the county are inundated, the rivers and streams having over-flowed. Most of the bridges are in constant danger of being carried away. A gang of men had been at work, endeavoring to save the one over Bear River, between Logan and Newton. There is a greater abundance of water than there has been in any season since 1862, and it still keeps rising. The floods are occasioned by the melting of snow in the mountains, the fall during last winter having been unprecedentedly large.

"Grasshoppers have not yet appeared."
--The Deseret News, Weekly, May 22, 1872.

* * * *
June 9, 1872 - page 12 under "Local and Other Matters."
"FISH WITH LEGS
Museum, June 7th, 1875.
"Editor Deseret News:
"I have received a specimen of reptile from Cache Valley. It was caught by Patriarch John Smith in a natural well of immense depth, near Clarkston, Cache county.  By the kindness of the various railroad conductors the creatures has arrived in excellent health, as evidenced by his voracity. He dines off grasshoppers, meat or any kind of animal food.
"This creature is a variety of the 'Siredon Liehenoides' of Baird, and is described in Stansbury's Report. Its breathing apparatus is external to the body, resembling horns (branchiae), it has four legs, is nearly a foot long and bids fair to become 'domesticated' in our Museum.
Respectfully yours,
Joseph L. Barfoot,
Manager
"We have seen the reptile mentioned in the foregoing, and consider it a great natural curiosity. This specimen was caught with a fish hook and line in the well mentioned by Prof. Barfoot.
--The Deseret News (weekly) June 9, 1875

* * * *
June 19, 1872 - page 9 under "Local and Other Matters."

"Information wanted of the whereabout of Samuel Clarke, Blacksmith, from Rhoallanerchrugog, North Wales. When last heard from he was residing in Devonsport, Scott Co., Iowa. Any information of his whereabout will be thankfully received by his brother Amos Clark, Newton, Cache Co., Utah.
Iowa papers, please copy."
--The Deseret News, Weekly, June 19, 1872.

* * * *
June of 1872 – From the "DIED" section –

"LITTLEWOOD.—At Newton, Cache County, May 9, 1872, of teething. Thomas, son of William F. and Ann Yates Littlewood, aged 14 months.—‘DESERET NEWS.’"
-- Latter-Day Saints’ Millennial Star, Vol. 34, p. 400, June 1872

* * * *
October of 1872 – From the "DIED" section –

"LITTLEWOOD.—At Newton, Cache Co., Sept 29, of teething, Sarah Clark, daughter of W. F. and the late Mary Clark Littlewood, aged 14 months and 9 days.—‘DESERET NEWS.’"
-- Latter-Day Saints’ Millennial Star, Vol. 34, p 704 Oct. 1872.

* * * *
November 13, 1872 - page 7 under "Local and Other Matters."

"RECOVERING.--The many friends of Bishop Littlewood, of Newton, Cache Valley, are no doubt pleased to see him again in this city. The Bishop is one of the most respected citizens of Cache Valley. He has lately undergone a severe surgical operation under the hands of Dr. Anderson, and has been confined to his bed for several weeks, but from present appearances he bids fair to enjoy life and health for many years to come. The Bishop has our best wishes for his health and prosperity."
--The Deseret News, Weekly, November 13, 1872.

* * * *
January 1, 1873 - page 3 under "Correspondence."

"GOSHEN, UTAH CO., Dec. 20, 1872.
"Editor Deseret News:
"This morning I find myself at Goshen, an unpretentious burgh, through with ancient name, situated south-west of Utah Lake, and sometimes called Newton. Many of the citizens now, though anxious a few years since to have the latter name substituted for the former, as being more euphonious, and appropriate too, after the removal of the town a short distance to the new and better site, are no quite as desirous of having it retain its ancient name, in consequence of certain mail matters at sundry time having strayed to Newton, Cache Co., instead of coming direct to this place."
--The Deseret News, Weekly, Jan. 1, 1873.

* * * *
March 19, 1873 - page 7 under "Presiding Elders and Bishops."
Oneida Co, Idaho
Oxford, George Lake
Clifton, Wm. Pratt
Bridgeport, N.W. Packer
Franklin, L. H. Hatch
Cache Co., Utah
Weston, John Maughan [really in Idaho]
Clarkston, Simon Smith
Newton, W. F. Littlewood
Lewiston, W. C. Lewis
Richmond, W. W. Merrill
Smithfield, Samuel Roskelly
Hyde Park, Wm. Hyde
*Logan, W. B. Preston
Providence, M. D. Hammond
Millville, G. O. Pitkin
Hyrum, O. N. Liljenquist
Paradise, David James
Wellsville, Wm. Maughan
Mendon, Henry Hughes
* " WM. B. PRESTON is Presiding Bishop over the foregoing eighteen Wards."
--The Deseret News, Weekly, March 19, 1873.

* * * *
October 1, 1873 - page 7 under "Local and Other Matters."

"FROM TUEDAY'S DAILY, SEPT. 23.
"HOME FROM A PREACHING TOUR.--Bishop L. D. Young and Elders R. F. Neslen and W. G. Young left this city on the 10th Instant on a preaching tour in the northern portion of the Territory. They reached home yesterday. During their absence they held twenty-six meetings, which were well attended by the people, although they were in the busiest time of an abundant harvest. The party were accompanied through Cache Co. by Elder Brigham Young, president of that stake of Zion. During their trip they visited and preached in Brigham City, Copenhagen [Mantua], Wellsville, Hyrum, Paradise, Millville, Providence, Hyde Park, Smithfield, Richmond, Franklin, Bridgeport, Clifton, Oxford, Weston, Clarkston, Newton, Mendon, Willard City, Ogden and Kaysville.

"In every place peace and prosperity prevailed, and the people were alive to their duties. The wheat and hay crops were immense. In some places in Cache the harvest is still ungathered, owing chiefly to the scarcity of help. In some of the settlements buildings and other improvements are being pushed vigorously forward. Slight frosts had nipped the vegetation in a few localities, but no material damage had been done. The brethren received a hearty welcome in every place they visited, and were treated with the utmost kindness and hospitality by the Saints.

"MAIL IRREGULARITIES.--Complaints are numerous just now of irregular and late delivery of mail matter, letters and newspapers, between this city and the settlements in Cache Co., and there is certainly great fault somewhere. There is a daily mail between this city and Logan, and, we believe, a tri-weekly delivery between this city and all the settlements of Cache. . . ."
--The Deseret News, Weekly, Oct. 1, 1873.

* * * *
January 9, 1874 – From the "Correspondence" section —

"Ogden, Dec. 15, 1873
Prest. L. J. Herrick.
Dear Brother,--The many duties of a public and private character have engaged my attention early and late, and tended in a measure to defer the time appointed in my frequent resolutions to write you. For my negligence that may have appeared on my part, in the past, please pardon me, and I will try to do better in the future.

"Brother Jos. Parry had handed me a number of the STAR, for which please accept my thanks. I have perused its pages with interest, especially those items of news relating to yourself and other Elders of my acquaintance now laboring in the British Mission.

"Things in Ogden are moving on much the same as when you were here. . . . Our wheat is not being shipped to Oakland Wharfs, California, and from thence to England.

The present financial crisis has been severely felt in our Territory, but business is Improving and financial circles are being reassured.

"A few days ago I returned from a collecting tour to Cache and Malad Valleys; was very successful in business matters, but had rather a hard trip. I left Logan on the 8 th inst., in company with Bishop Littlewood, for Newton, where he presides. When we reached Bear River Bridge, there was not much of a track, and the snow was about one and a-half feet deep. Soon after leaving the bridge, darkness came on and Bishop Littlewood’s team being poor gave out. This afforded us the opportunity of performing the rest of the journey on shank’s pony. The snow being deep, this task was made rather unpleasant; however, we were willing to try it, necessity have left us no choice. As the darkness increased, we fancied ourselves traveling in the wrong direction, but trusting in the horse’s superior knowledge of the geography of the country and in their intense desire to reach home and enjoy the rest in prospect, to guide us right, we concluded— ‘To walk behind the sleight, And let the horses have their way.’

"This plan proved a good one, for after resting many times, and making as many effort to reach ‘home, sweet home,’ we arrived in safety at the Bishop’s cozy dwelling, where a comfortable fire, warm supper and smiling faces gave us welcome.

"News reached us that the Utah Northern train had not made a trip from Logan to Corinne for two days, and that it was probably blocked up for the winter. After learning this, I concluded to try to cross over the mountains north of Bear River, visit Portage and return home by way of Corinne. Bishop Littlewood kindly offered to accompany me over the mountain, and see me safe on the other side. We made ready for the trip. I borrowed a good fat span of horses of brother Curtis, of Newton, the Bishop started a good yoke of cattle on the lead, cattle that were used to treading the deep snows; and although the snow as very deep before we reached the summit, they did good business and succeeded in making a path, in which the horses (though with difficulty) could follow with a light sleigh behind. We got over the mountain in safety, and Bishop Littlewood’s kind assistance will ever be gratefully remembered by me.

"Probably I have written enough for this time. God bless you and all who labor for the cause of Zion, at home or abroad.

Your brother in the Gospel,
Wm. W. BURTON

P.S. Dec. 16th —the U.N.R.R. still remains blocked."
-- Latter-Day Saints’ Millennial Star, Vol. 36, No. 1, pp. 27-28, January 9, 1874

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
NOTE: The "Prest. L. J. Herrick " to which this letter was addressed was – Lester James Herrick born in Ohio on Dec. 14, 1827. In Utah he became an early businessman in Weber County and in 1869. His mercantile established and a couple of others were incorporated into the Weber Co. ZCMI. He served as a Weber County selectman from 1862 through 1882. He was elected mayor of Ogden in 1871 for a two year term, with re-election in 1873, 1875, 1879 and 1881. He served as a counselor in the Weber Stake presidency and served as presiding bishop in the Weber area from 1870 to 1875. He went on a Mission to England and arrived there June 8, 1873 on ship Idaho . In mid-June he was appointed to succeed Pres. J. B. Fairbanks in the presidency of the London Conference with the change to take effect as Pres. Fairbanks convenience. On Oct. 28, 1873 a letter from Pres. B. Young telling of a change in "the presidency of the European Mission," it would upon the arrival of Joseph F. Smith be his, but because he was involved in some legislative matters in Utah beginning in January he arrival would be delayed. In the interim Lester J. Herrick would have "temporary charge of affairs in the Mission," which also included be editor and published of the Latter-Day Saints’ Millennial Star .

Joseph F. Smith arrived in England on March 21, 1874 to take charge of the European Mission. On March 31 st Herrick was released from the presidency of the London Conference to return home in charge of the first emigrant company of the season. That company of 139 Saints bound for Utah departed May 6th with Herrick in charge. During his time on this mission he apparently retained his civic and church position in Weber County. In 1882 he resigned as Weber Co. selectman due to the polygamy issue which became pressing at that time. He was arrested and found guilty of the charge of unlawful cohabitation.

The author of the letter – Wm. W. Burton was William W. Burton born in 1833 in England. He was baptized in 1845 and ordained an elder in 1851 and appointed to travel as a missionary in the Bradford, England district. He migrated from England to America beginning in Feb. of 1854 sailing from Liverpool to New Orleans, which was reached on April 23, 1854. On June 19 th he commenced his journey across the plains and arrived at Salt Lake City on Sept. 23, 1854. During his first winter he taught school in Salt Lake and lived with his eldest brother. He was ordained a Seventy . He married three daughters of Joseph Fielding— 1 st in 1856; 2 nd in 1862; 3 rd in 1870 and had thirty children.

In 1862, 1863 and 1864 he taught school in Kaysville, Davis Co., and in 1864 moved to Ogden when he continued teaching school of about ten years. In January of 1871, "Prof. W. W. Burton" lectured on General History at the 3rd District school-house. At Ogden in January of 1871 the Peoples’ party put up Lester J. Herrick for mayor with Wm. W. Burton and two others for aldermen.

He served for many years as superintendent of the school of Weber County, and bookkeeper of the Ogden Branch of ZCMI for five years. He served as 1 st Counselor to the "president" or bishop of 3 rd Ward, and presided over this Ward during Elder Parry’s absence on a mission. Burton served on the Ogden city council for many years up to 1882 when he resigned because of the polygamy problem. He served on the high council of Weber Stake up to 1886 when he moved to Star Valley. He was vice-president of the Consolidated Implement Company and president of William W. Burton & Sons, Inc. During the crusade against polygamists he went into hiding to avoid prosecution and this probably made the move to Star Valley, Wyoming, necessary. He became a counselor in the Star Valley Stake presidency.

His 1873 "collecting tour" into Cache and Malad valleys was likely connected with his work with ZCMI.

* * * *
February 4, 1874 - page 8 under "Local and Other Matters."
"Surgical Operation.-- A. J. Atkinson, of Newton, Cache County, who has been afflicted the last two years with a tumor on the right breast, had it extracted on Monday the 19th utl., by Dr. Ormsby, junior, of Logan.

"The tumor was found to be of the 'osteosarcomastus' kind, weighing about three pounds and had a circumference of about ten inches.

"Owing to the precariousness of the situation of the tumor, it being in such close proximity to the right lung, much care and skill was necessary to its safe extraction, rendered more so, upon making the incision, as it was found that the ribs, underneath the tumor, had been completely destroyed and decomposed, and upon the removal of the tumor, only a thin membrane covered the lung, the movement of which could be plainly seen. The loss of blood incident to the operation place the patient in a very critical condition, aggravated by the nature and extent of the cavity, owing to the entire removal of the ribs referred to.

"All abnormal substances being removed, the wound was thoroughly cleansed and carefully dressed, with a view to produce first intention. The patient was diligently watched and cared for, until Thursday, Jan. 22nd, when the wound was examined and re-dressed, and found to be in an excellent condition, giving every indication of a speedy recovery."
--The Deseret News, Weekly, Feb. 4, 1874.

* * * *
April 8, 1874 - page 16 under "Died."
"At Newton, Cache Co., March 28, MARY ANN ECKERSLEY, wife of W. S. [W. F.]Littlewood, aged 24 years and 20 days.
"Millennial Star, please copy."
--The Deseret News, Weekly, April 8, 1874.

April 19, 1876 -

* * * *
April 26, 1876 – "DIED" section -

"In Newton, Cache county, Utah, April 8 th , 1876.
MATTE CHRISTENA, wife of Peter Benson, and daughter of Marcus and Kierstine, Ericksen.

"Deceased was born at Dokkedal, Denmark, 15 th Sept., 1833; baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in the year 1852, by Neils Michaelson, at Dokkedal, Denmark; emigrated in the year 1854, and settled in Salt Lake City for two years; moved to Lehi City, Utah Co., in 1857; thence moved in 1868 to Clarkston, Cache Co.; from which place she moved, along with her family, to Newton, in 1870. She leaves a husband and six children to mourn the loss of a faithful wife and mother. She was beloved by all who knew her, was the president of the Relief Society of Newton Ward, a friend to all in every condition."
-- Deseret News Weekly, Vol. 25, No. 13, p. 203 – April 26, 1876

* * * *
May 3, 1876 – on the "Correspondence" page --

"Remains of a Boy Found" -- [date of letter April 18, 1876]

- - -

NEWTON, Cache Co.

April 18, 1876

Dditor Deseret News - - [sic "Dditor" instead of "Editor" in the original article ]

Yesterday a son of Bishop Littlewood, while hunting stock on the divide between Hampton’s and this place, found in an advance state of decomposition the remains of a boy about eight years of age. They were brought to town and at the inquest held by Justice William Bell, Joseph Wilson and James Hansen, the following evidence was given — The deceased, Emile Johnston, son of Sister Johnston, a widow of this town, was born September 14, 1867, lived last Summer with his uncle Hans Johnston, at Deweyville, Box Elder Co., and about the 5 th of January he left his uncle’s home on foot and alone, to come to his mother in Newton. He was seen to cross Hampton’s bridge the same afternoon. Some time after it was reported that had had found his way to Plymouth in safety, but on this report proving incorrect Bishop Dewey and some neighbors searched for the body to the top of the divide. The remains were found but a short distance from the road, about ten miles from Deweyville, and three from Newton. On a account of the very deep snow, no road was kept open, this winter over the divide, or search would have been made for the body from this side of the mountain.

J.H.B." [J.H.B. = John H. Barker]
-- Deseret News Weekly (Vol. 25, No. 14) – May 3, 1876 –

* * * *
April 19, 1876 - page 14 under "Our Country Contemporaries."
"Ogden Junction, April 7 --
"Mr. John Makin and others have run a tunnel 150 feet to tap a vein of coal a few miles north-east of Clarkston, and expect to reach the bed about fifty feet further, good anthracite, several feet thick. The surface coal specimens promise well."
-- The Deseret News (weekly), April 19, 1876.

* * * *
July 22, 1876 – In a letter to the editor –
"The school teachers of Cache county met at the First Ward schoolhouse on Monday the 10th instant, and organized the Cache County Normal Institute, Miss Ida I. Cook, Principal.

"Teachers present—[location and names given –summary Logan – 7 teachers; Millville, 1; Hyrum 1; Providence, 3; Paradise, 1; Wellsville, 2; Mendon, 1; Hyde Park, 3; Smithfield, 1; Richmond, 1; Newton 1 {A. P. Welchman}; Clifton, 1; Franklin, 1.

"The subject of the two weeks’ session will, I think, bring about the desired result, viz ., a uniform method of teaching throughout the county."
-- Deseret News Weekly Vol. 25, No. 28, Aug. 9, 1876

* * * *
August 7, 1876 – under "Correspondence" section in a letter to the editor dated at Hyrum on July 22, 1876 — "The school teachers of Cache county met at the First Ward schoolhouse on Monday the 10 th instant and organized the Cache County Normal Institute, Miss Ida I. Cook Principal.  "Teachers present – {Logan, 7; Millville, 1; Hyrum, 1; Providence, 3; Paradise,1; Wellsville, 2; Mendon, 1; Hyde Park, 3; Smithfield, 1; Richmond, 1; Newton, 1; Clifton, 1; and Franklin, 1.} [Newon’s teacher – A. P. Welchman]

"The object of the two weeks’ session will, I think, bring about the desired results, viz ., a uniform method of teaching throughout the county."
-- Deseret News Weekly, Vol 25, No. 28, Aug. 8, 1876

* * * *
October 11, 1876 – in an article entitled "Cache County Sunday School Jubilee" dated at Logan on Sept. 24, 1876—

"To-day the Sunday schools of Cache county met in Jubilee under the large bowery at Logan, and all present enjoyed a huge treat. There were present on the stand, Prest. Brigham Young, Jr., Bishop Wm. B. Preston, Bishop Wm. Budge from Bear Lake, and nearly all the bishops of the different settlements of this valley. . . .At 11 a.m., the vast congregation, which consisted of over 2,000 children, besides 1,200 to 1,500 adults, nearly every Sunday school in the valley being represented. . . . "

"At 2 p.m. the congregation was again called to order and the schools sang ‘Deseret.’

"Prayer by Bishop Littlewood. . . ."
-- Deseret News Weekly, Vol 25, No. 37, p. 578, Oct. 11, 1876

* * * *
October 18, 1876 - in an article entitled "County Conventions" and dated "Cache, Camp Axtell,

Sept. 30th , 1876 – "The convention, composed of the delegates chosen from the several precincts of Cache county met at Gen. Brigham Young, Jr.’s headquarters, and, on the motion of Wm. B. Preston, M.W. Merrill was chosen chairman and Ezra D. Carpenter secretary."

A committee on credentials reported the names of those entitled to seats at the Convention with Logan have the most with 7, Smithfield, Providence, Wellsville, Hyrum having 3 each, Millville, Hyde Park, Richmond, 2 each, all the rest one – Clarkston, Paradise, Newton, Mendon.

Newton – Wm. F. Littlewood

"On motion of Wm. H. Maughan, the Chair appointed Wm. M. Maughan, James Martineau and M.D. Hammond a committee to nominate a list of delegates to the People’s Territorial Convention, to meet at Salt Lake City, October 7, 1876.

"The committee reported as follows— " Delegates. —Brigham Young, Jr., William B. Preston, Moses Thatcher, M W. Merrill, John Jardine, Samuel Roskelly, William F. Littlewood."

"The persons nominated at reported were unanimously elected."
-- Deseret News Weekly, Vol. 25, No. 38, p. 602, Oct. 18, 1876.

* * * *
April 18, 1877 – in an article "Conference at Logan" reporting the Stake Conference of the Cache Stake convened in the Logan Tabernacle at 10 a.m. on Saturday March 10th .

"On the stand were Brigham Young, Jr., President of this Stake of Zion, William B. Preston, presiding Bishop, Bishops [followed by the names of 12 bishops and four Elders and others.

Pres. B. Young, Jr. – "He complimented the people under their success in covering in our Tabernacle and finishing the basement story so very comfortably, in such a short space of time. He was pleased to state that he could see a perceptible change for the better in the minds of the people."

"Bishop W. F. Littlewood spoke upon the building of temples, and encouraged the people to be alive to the duties and responsibilities resting upon them, and rehearsed some very interesting incidents that transpired in the Temple at Kirtland, while the Saints were convened therein for the purpose of dedicating said Temple to the Lord.  He represented the people of Newton Ward as being in a flourishing condition, the United Order was working extremely well, and the people were prospering in that Order far more than those outside."
-- Deseret News Weekly, Vol. 26, No. 11, April 18, 1877.

* * * *
November 14, 1877 – in an article "MINUTES Of the Quarterly Conference of the Cache Valley

Stake of Zion" held in the Logan Tabernacle on Nov. 3 rd .

"There were present of the Apostles, President John Taylor, C. C. Rich, Lorenzo Snow, Franklin D. Richards and Counselors John W. Young and D. H. Wells.

"Of the Presidency of the Stake, Moses Thatcher, Wm. B. Preston, and Milton D. Hammond. Also Elder A. M. Musser. . . .

"The Bishops were called upon to report, verbally, the condition of their wards, and the following were represented:

[ The five wards in Logan, then Hyde Park, Richmond, Franklin, Mink Creek, Mound Valley, Clifton, Lewiston, Weston, Clarkston, Newton, Benson Ward, Mendon, Wellsville, Paradise, Hyrum, Providence reported ]

"RICHMOND—M. W. Merrill, Bishop. The ward consisted of 150 families, numbering 1,000 persons. The people were pretty well united, and as a whole their condition was fairly good; their crops this year suffered from the ravages of grasshoppers, which had somewhat crippled them financially. They had three good school-houses, two day schools and one Sunday school, a Female Relief Society, and a Young Men’s Mutual Improvement Society. Their co-operative store was started 13 years ago, with a capital of $1,300; now it represented $9,000. Their co-op. saw-mill, butcher-shop and shoe shop were doing well. They had subscribed $2,500 towards the building of the temple and already paid $1,800 of it."

"CLARKSTON—John Jordon [ sic , Jardine], Bishop. A new meeting house was built, nearly ready to be dedicated, and the people, young and old, manifest a united energy while doing this work, that was truly characteristic of the United Order. The young men conducted themselves well and he had great hopes of them. The last two years crops had failed, but the faith of the people was increasing."

"NEWTON—Wm. F. Littlewood, Bishop. Their meeting were well attended, and they had and excellent Sabbath school. The ward was small, consisting of forty five families.  Much of their building materials had to be hauled from fifteen to forty miles, and they had to make a reservoir to reserve water for irrigating purposes. The failure of crops had caused most of the brethren to go from home to earn breadstuffs. The Relief Society and Improvement Society were doing good."
-- Deseret News Weekly , Vol. 26, No. 41, Nov. 14, 1877

* * * *

August 28, 1878 – In the "Correspondence" section a letter to the editor under the column heading

"BIG HAIL STORM’--

"Newton, Cache Co., Utah, August 19th, 1878

Editors Deseret News:

"Last Saturday, the 17th of Aug., about 6 o’clock in the evening, our little town was disturbed by the unusual occurrence of a storm of hail stones about the size of small hens eggs. I saw plenty that would measure an inch and a half in diameter. They were as hard as ice, and by far the largest I have ever seen or heard of in Utah. The storm lasted about ten minutes, and was accompanied by violent wind from the northwest. The clouds had gathered, in dense black masses, on the mountains near Bear River Narrows, southwest of Newton; lightning and loud thunder told us that something unusual was about to happen, so that most everybody had sought and obtained shelter, and no one was hurt that I have head of.

"As all the small grain was cut and much of it stacked, I think no damage was done to that. It cut up corn, potato and squash vines, barked trees, etc ., and made things look worse for wear generally. If our houses had been glass they would all have been knocked down, but as it was, a great many lights of glass were broken that happened to face the west. Bishop Rigby told me that his children picked up several buckets full of the hails that looked like large eggs, at his ranch two miles west of Newton. I do not know how the stock fared, but judging from what I saw, I should say they fared badly while it lasted.

"Our people are very busy hauling hay and grain. The small grain is pretty good, but would have been better had we had a sufficiency of water to go twice round. As it is, it is shrunk some.

"The Saints are trying to do the best they can generally speaking. They are donating liberally to the Temple, and aiding in other ways the advance of the kingdom of God.

I remain, etc .
JONAS N. BECK.
-- Deseret News Weekly, Vol. 27, No. 30, August 28, 1878
[NOTE: Mr. Beck’s use of the term "lights of glass" instead of windows may seem quaint today, but such usage at the time and place was common.  Even today in the terminology of windows this phrase is still used.]

* * * *
November 6, 1878 – under "Local and Other Matters" the newspaper copied several stories from its Friday daily paper of Nov. 1 st , and among them these two items--First, at Logan at the United Order’s shingle machine an individual had an accident in which his right hand was caught in the saw severing a thumb and forefinger.

--"On the same day, at Newton, Frederick George Barker, aged nine years, a son of John Henry Barker, had the middle finger of his right hand cut off by an axe. The boy was taken to the office of Dr. J. B. Greesbeck in Logan, and his wound dressed. He is now progressing finely."
-- Deseret News Weekly, Vol. 27, No. 40, page 633 – Nov. 6, 1878

* * * *
November 27, 1878 – in the "Local and Other Matters" –

"Fatal Accident.--We learn, from two sources, of a sad accident that occurred at Newton, Cache County, on the 18th inst., by which James Peter Nelson, a boy between 15 and 16 years of age, lost his life. In company with his elder brother David, he had been out in the field to look at some land, taking a shot gun with him. Returning, the elder brother alighted from the wagon, and James, in doing likewise and pulling the gun after him, accidently [sic] discharged it. The contents entering his left eye carried away most of the skull and brains on the left side of the head. The unfortunate young man lived about an hour and a half in great distress, during which he spoke the one word ‘mother’ and death soon after relieved his sufferings. He was an exemplary young man, a member of the Sabbath school, the Y.M.M.I.A., and respected by all who knew him.

"A few days ago, at the same settlement, Frederick Richard, a little son of Mr. A. P. Welchman, was poisoned with concentrated lye. The child is recovering."
-- Deseret News Weekly, Vol. 25, No. 28, page 677 - Nov. 27, 1878

* * * *
January 29, 1879 – From the "DIED" section –

"At Newton, Cache County, Jan. 19 th , 1879, accidentally, althrough [sic – although] swallowing concentrated lyre, FREDERICK RICHARD son of Arthur P. and Sarah L. Welchman, aged 5 years, 4 months and 19 days."
-- Deseret News Weekly , Vol. 27, No. 52, Jan. 29, 1879

* * * *
February 12, 1879 - page 15 under "Cache Valley Stake Conference."

"The Cache Valley Quarterly Conference was held in Logan, February 1st and 2nd, 1879.
"Present--The Presidency of the Stake and a large number of the Bishops of the Stake.
"The morning session was consumed in presenting local matters, and in reading the industrial reports from Newton, Paradise, Hyrum, Mendon, Weston, Hyde Park, Clarkston, Oxford, Richmond, U.O. Building and Manufacturing Co. of Logan, Franklin, Logan U.O. Foundry and Machine Co., Providence, Smithfield and Wellsville Wards, in which were set forth the condition of the various home industries of those wards and companies.
"President Thatcher read a brief report of the Board of Trade of this Stake of Zion.
 _ _ _ _
1 p.m.
"After devotional services . . . . Bishops R. H. Williams, of Mound Valley, W. H. Lewis, of Lewiston, W. F. Rigby, of Newton, reported a favorable condition of things in their wards. . . ."
--The Deseret News (weekly) Feb. 12, 1879.

* * * *
` LOCAL.

NEWTON, Feb. 24, 1879."

-- The Ogden Junction , March 8, 1879.
[ Before there was a newspaper published in Cache County .]

* * * *
March 8, 1879 - page 3 in "Cache Valley Department" -

"Our Young Folks."

"We think we have as good a set of young men in Newton as in any other settlement, according to its population; but, ‘man is prone to evil, as the sparks to fly upward,’ seems as applicable to men in miniature as to men of maturity. Some young men, in continuance of a play, disturbed a public meeting of our Scandinavian brethren, and insulted brethren, and even sisters, while returning to their homes. After an impartial examination by a court having jurisdiction in the case, two of the offenders were sentenced to publicly confess their wrongs; and, further, each of them was required to cut up a cord of wood for the public. The latter part of the penalty, it was though would be much more effective as a cure, than the imposition of a fine which dad might pay. The manifestation of the spirit which underlies such unseemly conduct--an importation of Christian (?) civilation [sic civilization], have been steadily growing for two or three years in our settlement. Every interest of society throughout all of Zion, particularly the welfare of the youth themselves, demands that these outcropping of rowdyism be checked in their incipiency.

"Parents should early implant within the home circle those principles of obedience to proper rule, so absolutely necessary to the outgrowth of law-abiding, honorable citizens. Parental sympathies coming in contact with such a course should be persistently smothered. The course of training can hardly commence too early, or be too thorough. It should reach out from the social hearth to both day and Sabbath schools, and to all social gatherings or places where youth are wont to congregate for recreation.

"A system of mutual guardianship over our youth should be established, extending from parent to parent, from settlement to settlement; and finally from county to county, wherever Latter-day Saints hold dominion. The thoroughness of our church organization is admirably adapted to the development of such a plan. No young man or you woman should be allowed to remain in a neighbor's house after the proper hour for retiring has arrived; no improper conduct should be allowed there, either in our own children, or in those of our brother's family. And yet social intercourse among the young should be fostered, but always under a wise supervision. When we received youthful visitors, every possible inducement at our command should be presented to interest them in wholesome recreations, and good books, etc., be brought out to absorb their attention.

"Should our visitors be residents of other settlements, any serious improprieties in their conduct should be reported, either to their immediate relations or friends, or to the proper church authorities of that settlement. But let these things be done in wisdom, in charity and longsuffering, having true love as the basis of all action in the premises, guarding with extreme care against any selfish or unrighteous bias. So shall an impregnable barricade to formed to protect the dearest interests of life--the honor of our boys and the priceless virtue of our girls.

"Have we not seen our young men stretched in death, upon the paved floor of a public prison, with a gaping stream of popular curiosity passing, and vulgarly eyeing their nakedness as victims of outraged justice? Having died ignominiously, either in resistance of officers of the law or under sentence of death? Have we not see far worse than this--daughters of Zion decoyed from loving parents from good homes and endearing associations; snatched from the fold of Christ, robbed of virtue, and every joyous anticipation blasted both from the present and future life, by the base seducer?

"How long shall we, as Saints, neglect the performance of some of the most sacred responsibilities that it is possible for mortals to be placed under. Let us awaken, lest the Lord our, God should answer the query to our present and eternal sorrow.

* * * *
April 2, 1879 on page 8 under "Local and Other Matters."

"The little town of Newton, in Cache Valley, is almost entirely dependent for irrigation, on a reservoir built by its people, and another is contemplated. Here is a successful precedent."
--The Deseret News (weekly), April 2, 1879.

* * * *
May 7, 1879 - page 16 under "Died."

"At Newton, Cache County, April 24, 1879, of croup, Hyrum Yates, son of Jonas N. and Martha Beck, aged 2 years and 9 months.
"Elder Jonas N. Beck is from home on a mission in North Carolina."
--The Deseret News (weekly), May 7, 1879.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

In 1879 a newspaper was established in Cache Valley at Logan.

October 9, 1879 – Thursday issue No. 5 – page 1 list of "Precinct Officers" in the various areas.

Newton Precinct:

Justice of the Peace – Foster Curtis

Constable – Hans P. Larsen

* * Same Oct. 9 th issue on page 2 -- "NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that there will be a mass meeting of the land owners of Newton Irrigating District in the School House in Newton, Cache co., Utah, at six (6) o’clock p.m. on Monday, the 17 th day of October, 1879, for the purpose of electing Trustees, Secretary, and to vote for or against a tax, and for the transaction of any other Business necessary.

Peter J. Nelsen, President
W. H. Griffin, Secretary"

* * Also in the Oct. 9th issue on page . 2 -- "Notice given to all qualified voters of Newton of meeting & election at Newton School House on Oct. 17, 1879, at 6 o’clock for purpose of electing one school trustee, voting for a school tax, transacting other necessary school business.

W. F. Rigby
J. H. Larsen
School Trustees"
-- The Logan Leader - October 9, 1879.

* * * *
November 20, 1879 - on page 3 under "Local Lines" –

"Diphtheria is spreading in Logan and surrounding settlements.
-- The Logan Leader - Nov. 20, 1879.

* * * *
December 3, 1879 - page 15 under "Correspondence."

"NEWTON, Cache Co., Utah,
November 14th, 1879.
"Editors Deseret News:
"Dear Bro.--I reached Ogden on the 10th and home on the 11th inst., after an absence of a little more than a year. I left home on the 7th of November, 1878, and returned on the 11th of November, 1879.
"I labored in the North Carolina Conference, in connection with Alexander Spence, for about eight months. In July, Bros. James H. Moyle and Newel W. Taylor arrived and commenced their labors in the same place, and when I left were doing well. Up to the time of my leaving we had baptized 10, and the prospects for more being added to the Church was very good. I was treated well, with few exceptions.
"On young man named Hampton Stone, came along with me. The people have a hard job to sell their property or many more would emigrate. Some 12 or 15 expected to emigrate early in the spring if it is possible for them to sell out. I fell well in spirits, but much worn out with my long journey of nearly 3,000 miles by wagon and railway. I applied for a half fare railroad ticket at Omaha and had no difficulty in getting it. From Linchbe [? Lynchburg], Virginia, to Omaha cost me $25.50, which is very cheap considering the Distance is very near 2,000 miles. The fare from N.C. to Ogden via Washington City, Cincinnati, St. Louis, St. Joe and Council Bluffs is $72.00.
"I feel to thank God for the valuable experience I have gained on my mission.
"I am not ashamed of the record I made while laboring in the old N.C. State. I might have made more dollars by staying home, but I would not exchange what I have learned for many times as much. I have endeavored to live my religion and preach the pure principles of life and salvation to the world. I thank my brethren for sending me, and my prayer is that God will bless them and qualify them to carry on his work with satisfaction and profit to themselves. I know that the hand of God has been over me, and I have been blessed on my mission. The people of Newton received me very kindly on my return, for which I feel grateful.
"I made many friends, and many even out of the Church, shed tears when I bid them good bye, and said if they lived until another spring they would be baptized. May God bless the honest, humble seekers after truth.
"The young brethren that I left are doing very well, I would not ask to be connected with better men. It is wonderful to note the rapid progress made by them in the little time they have been laboring in the conference. The very example of our Elders is calculated to make converts of the honest seeker after truth. We are closely watched, and the least omission on our part is made an occasion to find fault by our enemies.
"Many people are offended at the mention of the name of Joseph Smith, but I am not ashamed to say that he was a Prophet of God. I have a desire to go on and continue my labors in the great work of God in the last days. I pray for God's blessing to rest upon all his faithful servants and Saints.
I remain &c.,
JONAS N. BECK."
--The Deseret News (Weekly), Dec. 3, 1879

* * * *
1880 – Feb. 6, 1880 – on page 2 - "Quarterly Conference" on Saturday Jan. 31 and Sunday Feb. 1 st at the Logan Tabernacle a report on --

"Free will offering from Logan Temple District to Logan Temple from May 28, 1877 to Dec. 31, 1879"
By Stakes –
Box Elder Stake –
Bear Lake Stake - $34,288.27

Cache Valley Stake
Logan 1 st Ward $6,480.13
Logan 2 nd Ward 5,232.37
Logan 3 rd Ward 6,253.81
Logan 4 th Ward 7,470.11
Logan 5 th Ward 4,181.51
Hyde Park 5,641.05
Smithfield 7,531.89
Richmond 9,954.75
Lewiston 4,040.99
Franklin 3,451.35
Mink Creek 1,031.97
Mound Valley 1,041.41
Clifton 1,307.71
Weston 2,046.05
Clarkston 5,755.28
Newton 2,837.01
Benson 1.073.19
Mendon 4,663.81
Wellsville 8,203.64
Paradise 1,678.01
Hyrum 9,187.75
Millville 2,817.01
Providence 4,012.87
Oxford 1,523.97
Marsh Valley 347.64
Logan Sunday School 60.34
Total $107,729.75
Grand Total - $192,109.37
-- The Logan Leader - Feb. 6, 1880.

* * * *
Feb. 13, 1880 – under " Editorial Correspondence"

"At an early hour of Sunday morning last, Counselor C. C. Card, accompanied by Elders John R. Thatcher, Charles W. Nibley, and the writer left Logan for a trip to Newton and Clarkston. The morning air was decidedly bracing, although it lacked the element of clearness, because of a dense fog which overspread the valley.

Leaving Cache county’s capital, the ride over the fields to Benson was very much enjoyed by the party. The sleighing was magnificent and as the road was so rapidly gilded over, a feeling was experienced that, ‘After all, winter is the most enjoyable season.’ Before Bear river was reached, however, the sentiment of agony felt by the quartette, because of the extreme cold, found expression through the lips of our __?_, ‘summer sweet shall bloom again.’ Finally Newton was reached, and the members of the party sought a warm nook by the meeting house stove. Frost had collected on their clothing and on the beards of those who were blessing therewith, so densely that at least one St. Nicholas seemed to be present. Sunday school was in session; and by invitation of Superintendent John Barker, addresses were delivered by the visitors. It was learned that there were ninety pupils in attendance, and that both officers and children were punctual and earnest in the discharge of their duties. Classes were well supplied with books and cards; a good choir is in operation; and from all that could be observed, with the energy and thoughtfulness of the superintendent and his aide, the Sabbath school of Newton has before it a splendid future. The day school is in active operation, under the care of Brother James P. Low and Hiram Johnson. Eighty-five pupils are in daily attendance, and from the well known ability of the teachers and the intelligence of the children, great advancement may reasonably to expected. Dinner was kindly provided by Bishop William F. Rigby and Counselor Griffin; and after the repast was finished all returned to the meeting house where services were held. A large and attentive congregation was addressed during the afternoon. Many [ a line illegible] . . . . upon, Sunday schools, attendance on meetings, co-operation, &c. Some very encouraging remarks were made about the Logan Leader and the people were counseled to subscribe therefore.

"Over the snow-covered h ill—a pleasant ride of forty minutes duration and we arrived at Clarkston. Bishop John Jardine greeted the travelers kindly and made them welcome at his residence. Some little time __?_ at our disposal, after a hearty supper, before the evening services, we devoted it to learning something of the town and its inhabitants. One of the finest meeting houses in Cache Valley, outside of Logan, is that at Clarkston. A new co-operative store is being built. Two day schools, conducted on the graded system, are in operation, the number of pupils in attendance being 111. The teachers are Franklin Miller and Mary Homer. The Sunday school, of which Elder Andrew Heggie, is superintendent, has an enrollment of 175 members.

A splendid evening meeting was held, the congregation being addressed by Counselor Card and others on various subjects of the utmost importance. Many good words were said for the Leader, and the Church publications, and the people were advised to sustain the same. One very noticeable feature of the service was that no interruptions occurred.

Promptly at the proper time meeting was called to order and from that time, until the close, no people entered or left the house; and though the seats were all occupied by worshippers there was not the slightest noise. The remainder of that evening was spent pleasantly at Bishop Jardine’s, we listened to missionary reminiscences and anecdotes of frontier life. Monday morning came cold but beautifully clear; and, after getting a delightful breakfast we left the pleasant village and its kindly people.

Eleven o’clock found us again at Logan, all well satisfied with the journey."
-- The Logan Leader - Feb. 13, 1880.

* * * *
Feb. 27, 1880 - page 3 under -"Local Lines"

"Oh Yes! Spring has come."

"No more diphtheria in Logan."

"Measles in Logan. Several serious cases are known."

"The mail-carrier, who should have reached Logan from Newton Wednesday night, up to last evening had not been heard from. Fears are entertained for his safety."
-- The Logan Leader - Feb. 27, 1880.

* * * *
March 5, 1880 - page 3 under "Local Lines." –

"Miss Mary Jensen, the young lady whose feet were badly froze while attempting to walk from Logan to Newton in December last, is now able to walk about."
-- The Logan Leader - March 5, 1880.

* * * *
March 12, 1880 – Page 3 under "Injured by a Fall"

"Last Tuesday a young man named Jensen who resides at Newton was riding on horseback, through the fields after stock. In crossing a sheet of ice, the animal slipped and fell over on its side. Jensen’s left leg was caught, and the ankle badly bruised. He was brought to Logan and Doctor Ormsby attended to his case. The inner bone of the ankle joint was found to be fractured; and it was discovered that other painful injuries had been sustained. In all probability he will never entirely recovered from the effects of the accident."
-- The Logan Leader - March 12, 1880.

* * * *
March 19, 1880 – on page 2 in the legal notices –

"No. 101
Notice of Publication
Land Office Salt Lake City, Utah
Feb. 4, 1880

"Notice is hereby given that Milton D. Hammond, Probate Judge of Cache County, Utah for and in behalf of the inhabitants of the respective named towns has filed his notice of intention to make final proof and payment on the following entries on the 19 th day of April A.D. 1881, before the Register and Receiver at Salt Lake City, Utah.

"Townsite of Clarkston . . . .

"Townsite of Paradise. . . .

"Townsite of Newton . . . .

"That he expects to prove the several claims by Ole A. Jensen; Geo. Godfrey of Clarkston; Hiram K. Cranney and Willard Maughan of Logan; Wm. N. Thomas Samuel McMurphy of Paradise and William F. Rigby and William H. Griffin of Newton, all in Cache Co. Utah.:
-- The Logan Leader - March 19, 1880.
[Same notice in the newspaper’s March 26th issue.]

* * * *
April 7, 1880 - page 9 under "Local and Other Matters."

"An Item of Missionary Experience.--We have perused, by permission, a private letter dated the 6th inst. from Elder Hans Funk, now laboring as a missionary in Copenhagen, Denmark. Among other interesting items, he describes a visit to the Island of Sams, off the coast of Jutland. There were no Saints on the island, but the Elders procured opportunities to hold meetings and were getting along quite peacefully and successfully, when one day they were arrested by the police for selling pamphlets.
They were taken before the magistrate and fined, but declining to pay the assessment, were thrown into prison for three days and nights. Regaining their liberty at the expiration of that time, they held other meetings and baptized several persons. Soon afterwards, Brother Funk returned to Copenhagen to take charge of that branch of the Church.”
--The Deseret News, Weekly, April 7, 1880.

* * * *
April 9, 1880 -- On page 3 – in "Local Lines"

"On last Friday Foster Curtis of Newton had a stroke of paralysis by which he has entirely lost the use of the whole of one side of his body. Previous to this he had been a strong and healthy man."
-- The Logan Leader - April 9, 1880.

* * * *
April 16, 1880 – Page one - Precinct officers –

Newton -- Justice of the Peace - Foster Curtis

Constable - Hans P. Larsen

Page 3 – under "Cache County Cross Cuts"

"Diphtheria is once more prevalent."

Page 3 – under article entitled "Died" –

"CURTIS. – At Newton, Cache County, Utah, April 9, 1880, of paralysis Foster Curtis; aged 53 years 11 months and 1 day. He leaves a wife and three children.  "The deceased was born May 8, 1820, in Oakland county, Michigan; and was baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, in Caldwell county, Missouri, September, 1837. He came to this Territory at an early day, residing in Salt Lake until about ten years ago, when he removed to Newton, where he lived from that time until his death. He was a man of the purest principles and greatest integrity and was universally respected by all who knew him. During the persecutions of the Saints in Illinois and Missouri he was with them; and he bore without a complaint all of the trials that fell to his lot. He worked as a stone dresser and polished on the Nauvoo Temple from the time that structure was commenced until it was completed. He was an honored member of the Mormon Battalion. For a period of seven years he belonged to the body guard of the Prophet Brigham; and previous to leaving Salt Lake was a special policeman there. Wherever he went he gained the love and esteem of all his associates. He was charitable to the poor, faithful and true to his trust and his covenants; and has passed from earth with a full assurance of an eternal salvation with the redeemed and sanctified in Christ."
-- The Logan Leader - April 16, 1880.

* * * *
April 23, 1880

Page 3 – under "Cache County Cross Cuts"

"Diphtheria at Franklin is proving frightfully fatal."
-- The Logan Leader - April 23, 1880.

* * * *
April 30, 1880 – Page 3 in "Cache County Cross Cuts"

"Diphtheria is in Logan again. Two death has been caused by the disease."
"Our informant who has had occasion to cross the bottom between Logan and Newton says the road seems to have no bottom, and it is in the worst condition he has known for six. years."
* * Same April 30 th issue on page 4 an advertisement for a supposed cure for diphtheria.
-- The Logan Leader - April 30, 1880.

* * * *
May 21, 1880 – page 3 untitled –

"Notice"

"At a meeting of the High Council of the Stake held in the Logan Tabernacle May 18 th , 1880, Peter Christiansen of Newton was cut off from the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints for apostasy."

Page 3 under "Cache County Cross Cuts" –

"The settlements west of Bear River complain that the ground is not damp enough to cause the grain which has been sown to come up; reports have reached us that some of the land on this side of the river is yet too wet to sow; others say nothing either way, so we conclude that tho’r [?] grain is doing well. Now in these areas it would be hard for the weather clerk to please all."
-- The Logan Leader - May 21, 1880.

* * * *
May 28, 1880 – page 2 –

"Notice"

"To the Registered Voters and tax payers of Newton School District there will be a meeting held on Monday, June 7, 1880 o’clock p.m. for the purpose of electing three school trustees and voting a tax for school purposes.
W. F. Rigby
{J. H. Barker}
Trustees
P. L. Nelson}
-- The Logan Leader - May 28, 1880.

* * * *
June 4, 1880 – page 1 Precinct officers

Newton – Justice of the Peace - Foster Curtis

Constable - Hans P. Larsen

Page 2 – untitled

"Notice is Hereby Given"

"THAT I, MILTON D. HAMMOND, Probate Judge of Cache County in the Territory of Utah, have entered the S.W. ¼ Sec. 17, S.E. ¼ Sec. 18, N ½ N.E. ¼ Sec. 19, and N ½ N.W. ¼ Sec. 20 in township thirteen north of range one west for and in behalf of the residents of the town of Newton.

"Every person, association, company or corporation claiming to be the rightful owner of possession of any lot, block, share or parcel of the foregoing described tract of land are required to file with the Clerk of the Probate Court for said county, within six months from the first publication of this notice, a statement in writing containing an accurate description of the particular part or parcel of land he, she or they claim; or be forever barred from claiming the same under the ‘Townsite Act.’

"Witness my official signature at my office in Logan city this 28 th day of April, A.D. 1880.

Milton D. Hammand
Probate Judge for Cache County
Apr 30 – 2 pm"
-- The Logan Leader - June 4, 1880.

* * * *
June 11, 1880 –page 3 -under "Missionary Appointments" –

"Following are the missionary appointments for Sunday, June 13 th , 1880.

Northern District - Eli Bell presiding

[Two men each to the following places] – Richmond, Mt. Refuge, Franklin, Worm Creek, Clifton, Weston, Clarkston…..

Newton – Jasper Lemmons and Henry Sorensen.

Southern District – J. Quayle presiding

[Two men to each place ] – Hyde Park, Benson, Mendon, Paradise, Hyrum, Millville,
Providence – John Jenkins and Peter Benson

John R. Thatcher
President of the Home Missionaries of Cache Valley Stake of Zion."
-- The Logan Leader - June 11, 1880.

* * * *
June 18, 1880 – page 3 – "Missionary Appointments"

"Following are the missionary appointments for Sunday, June 29 th , 1880.
Southern District – J. Quayle presiding
[Two men to each of the following.---Smithfield, Mendon, Wellsville, Hyrum, Millville, Providence
Logan – John Jenkins and Peter Benson
Northern District – Eli Bell presiding
[Two men to each –Franklin, Worm Creek, Oxford, Weston, Clarkston
Newton – Robert Leishman and Samuel Perkings
Lewiston, Mt. Refuge.

John R. Thatcher
President of the Home Missionaries of Cache Valley Stake of Zion"

Page 3 – repeat of Newton Townsite notice by the probate judge.
-- The Logan Leader - June 18, 1880.

* * * *
June 25, 1880 – p. 3 "Missionary Appointments per the above –

Hyde Park - John Jenkins and Peter Benson
Newton – I. O. Thoreson and J. J. Hansen
-- The Logan Leader - June 25, 1880.

* * * *
July 2, 1880 – page 3 – "Missionary Appointments" for Sunday July 4
th

Smithfield – John Jenkins and Peter Benson
Newton – Jacob Muller and Alma Matthews

Page 3 – "Whooping cough is very prevalent in Logan."
Page 3 – according to the recent census the population of Cache County is near 13,000.

Logan’s population was 3,350
-- The Logan Leader - July 2, 1880.

* * * *
July 16, 1880 - page 1 Precinct officers

Newton -- Justice of the Peace – Foster Curtis
Constable - Hans P. Larsen

Page 2 – Newton Townsite notice

Page 3 – "Missionary Appointments" for Sunday July 18 th .

Newton – Henry Flamm and J. E. Carlile
Mendon – John Jenkins and Peter Benson
-- The Logan Leader - July 16, 1880.

* * * *
July 23, 1880 - page 3 "Missionary Appointments" for Sunday 25
th

Wellsville – John Jenkins and Peter Benson
Newton – R. S. Campbell and J. E. Cowley
-- The Logan Leader - July 23, 1880.

* * * *
August 6, 1880 – page 3 "Election"

"At the late election for Territorial, County and Precinct officers there as but one ticket in the field in any precinct in this county, and very little scratching.

Logan cast 200 votes

Providence 53 Benson 14

Millville 81 Newton 28

Paradise 90 Clarkston 55

Hyrum 91 Trenton 14

Wellsville 153 Lewiston 48

Mendon 101 Richmond 65

Petersboro 8 Smithfield 111

Hyde Park 85 = Total 1200

Page 2 – "Quarterly Conference" held in Logan Tabernacle on Sat. July 31 and Sun. Aug. 1 st .
Present Pres. John Taylor, apostles Erastus Snow, F. D. Richards, Geo. Q. Cannon, Brigham Young [Jr.] -- in afternoon on Sat. also Wilford Woodruff and Lorenzo Snow.

On Sunday Elder John Morgan of the Southern States Mission spoke of new Mormon colonies in Colorado.

Page 3 – "Missionary Appointments" for Sunday Aug. 8 th

Hyrum – John Jenkins and Peter Benson
Newton – Enoch Lotled and R. M. Ravsten.

Page 3 – "Logan needs a bank. There isn’t one in the county in which to deposit our superabundant wealth."
-- The Logan Leader - Aug. 6, 1880.

* * * *
August 13, 1880 - page 3 – "Missionary Appointments" for Sunday Aug 15
th

Wellsville – John Jenkins and Peter Benson
Newton – Jasper Lemmon and H. Sorensen

Page 3 -- "The Newton Affair" –

"The parties who were charged with having disturbed the peace, committed an assault, &c., at Newton, on the 24 th of July, were tried in Logan last week.  There were three defendants, two of whom were discharged and the third was fined $10 and costs. The latter were quite heavy, and made his punishment rather serious. There are certain phases and circumstances connected with the affair which prompt us to refrain from giving names or full particulars.  The defendants had many friends, and we think it was a mistaken zeal that brought the matter into court, and prevented a private settlement of it."

[NOTE: The first paper after the July 24 th incident was July 30 th and in the "Cache County Cross Cuts" the paper reported:
"We have received several reports of Pioneer Day celebration in the settlements of this county, but they arrived too late for publication. Our correspondents, however, deserve thanks."
{In neither the July 30 th nor of the following week’s Aug. 6 th paper was there anything on this affair in Newton.}]

Page 3 - "Cache County Fair" –

"The A. & M. Society’s Annual Fair will be held in Logan, September 22, 23 and 24 th , 1880. [Followed by listing of officers and supervisory committee.]

"Following is the list of premiums to be awarded"

CLASS A. – FIELD CROPS

Best five acres of Lucerne , diploma
"      two    "        Clover,       "
"      one acre of Flax           "
" five acres of Corn              "
" two    "        sugar cane     "
" one   "         potatoes        "
" "      "        mangle wurzol "
" "      "        carrots            "
" "     "         beets              "
" one-half acre onions         "
" "     "         squash 1 st Prize
" "     "         beans            "
" "  bushel   wheat             "
" "    "         barley             "
" "    "         oats               "
" "    "         rye                 "
" "   "          corn               "
" sheaf fall wheat              "
" " spring wheat                "

FOREST TREES

Best one acre forest trees diploma
" one-half acre mulberry trees planted by private individual "

" one acre mulberry trees planted by any society in 1879 "

PRODUCE

[Flour, cheese, butter, bread, crackers and including

Best one gallon of molasses 1 st Prize
" one-half gallon wine "
{Newspaper noted it would later print the information on the other categories}
-- The Logan Leader - Aug. 13, 1880.

* * * *
August 20, 1880 - page 2 – "Missionary Appointments" for Sunday Aug. 22 nd .

Providence - John Jenkins and Peter Benson
Newton - Robt. Leishman and Saml. Perkins
-- The Logan Leader - Aug. 20, 1880.

* * * *
September 10, 1880 - page 3 under "Cache County Cross Cuts" –

"The proper name of the settlement heretofore known at Mt. Refuge, is Coveville.  The latter is the name by which it will henceforth be known."
-- The Logan Leader - Sept. 10, 1880.

* * * *
September 24, 1880 - page 1 under "Precinct Officers"

Newton -- Justice of the Peace – Foster Curtis [ he had been dead for several month and this was the last time the paper still listed him in this office. ]

Constable - Hans P. Larsen

Page 3 - under "The Fair" -

A report on the Agriculture and Manufacturing fain held in the basement of the Logan Tabernacle opening Wednesday morning. . . with a fine display of goods, articles and produce -- "the fair has proved a great success."
-- The Logan Leader - Sept. 24, 1880.

* * * *
October 1, 1880 – page 1 on "Precinct Officers" --

Newton -- Justice of the Peace - Wm. H. Griffin, Constable - Hans P. Larsen
-- The Logan Leader - Oct. 1, 1880.

* * * *
November 5, 1880 – page 3 "The Electon" --

"The election for Delegate to Congress on Tuesday last . . . . the vote for Hon. George Q. Cannon was 329 [?] and for Campbell 6."

Vote by precinct :

Newton 29     Petersborough 8
Clarkston 84     Wellsville 248
Hyrum 137     Mendon 123
Trenton 26     Providence 73
Benson 12     Logan 335 (6 of these cast for Campbell)
Millville 86     Hyde Park 123
Paradise 87     Richmond 156
Lewiston 75     [total] 1793
Smithfield 214 Cannon – 1787
Campbell 6
-- The Logan Leader - Nov. 5, 1880.

* * * *
December 10, 1880 - under the heading "Sunday School Union" –

"The usual monthly Sunday School Union was held in the basement of the Tabernacle on Sunday evening last, when a programme of exercises was rendered by children and adults. One or two of the pieces were hardly suitable for the occasion, and Superintendent O. C. Ormsby expressed his regret that they had been permitted. He also expressed his disapprobation of the applause that was given. It was entirely unsuited for the time and place. President Wm. B. Preston also addressed the assembly, strongly discountenancing a portion of the evening’s proceedings and programme and expressing a desire that never again, on a Sabbath evening in the House of the Lord, would such unseemly conduct on the part of young people, take place. He advised that hereafter the Sunday School Union meet in the forenoon of the Sabbath instead of the evening. His advice was adopted and the Union will hereafter meet at 11 a.m. on the first Sunday of the month."
-- The Logan Leader - Dec. 10, 1880.

* * * *

1881 – January 14, 1881 – page 2 "To Correspondents" –

"To parties in the various settlements of Cache county who have occasionally favored us with correspondence, we desire to extend our thanks, and also to request more frequent favors. We are very desirous of reporting the news , fresh and crisp, from all parts of the county, and we cordially solicit newsy correspondence."

Page 3 – under "Cache County Cross Cuts" –

"DIPHTHERIA is still raging in some localities of Logan. Let all take proper means to stay its march."
The Logan Leader – Jan. 14, 1881.

* * * *
January 21, 1881 – "A Cure for Diphtheria" –

"The following taken from the Salt Lake Herald is said to be a sure cure for that terrible disease diphtheria which is getting a foot-hold in our city.

"I send you a sure cure for diphtheria, and if you will please publish it in the Herald , it may save the lives of thousands of children. It is as follows: Take two parts saltpeter and one of sweet nitre; mix them in water, making a gargle of it, with which wash the neck or throat outside, and gargle the mouth inside, allowing a little to go down the throat; and if properly attended to it is said to never fail to cure. This recipt [recipe?] was sent by my son William Probert who recently went on a mission to England. . . . and he states that the people there say it never fails to cure.

I remain, yours etc.
Wm. Probert, Sen.
Holden, Millard Co., Utah

December 21 st , 1880."

[NOTE: Saltpetre- rock salt or potassium nitrate]
The Logan Leader
– Jan. 21, 1881.

* * * *
January 28, 1881 – Page 3 - "Cache County Cross Cuts" –

"A Richmond correspondent informs us that the ‘hoodlums’ of that town recently donated $25 to the city treasury."

"No more cases of diphtheria are reported. We hope that dreaded disease be permanently checked."
-- The Logan Leader – Jan. 28, 1881.

* * * *
February 4, 1881 – page 2 – "Sunday School Mission" –

With short notice the writer in company with the a member of the Stake Sunday School Presidency left Logan each Sunday morning for the - - -"settlements on the western and northern parts of Cache Valley. The object of the visit were to ascertain the condition of the schools, put such as required in good working order and to address the people in behalf of Sunday school work.

"A two hour ride of twelve miles in a light spring wagon brought us to
NEWTON.
"The Sunday school was still in session when we entered the meeting house. The attendance was good and the children seemed bright, intelligent and interested. The Newton Sunday school is in a flourishing condition. There are from 45 to 50 families in Newton, and the day school, now being taught by Sister Crockett, numbers 60 pupils.

The school house is a very creditable stone structure, and was built in 1875 [?], at a time when there were only 30 families in the place. That year the school tax was 9 per cent.  It was mostly paid in bone and muscle, Newton was founded about the year 1870. The land is good, and is watered from reservoirs in which is saved the waste waters of Clarkston creek. The main reservoir bursts frequently, and it is a source of great expense for repairs, and the loss of water makes poor crops. There was little grain raised here last season, and the people feel quite poor in consequence. It has been a time of general good health in Newton this winter. The Co-op store, managed by W. H. Griffin, is in good condition, out of debt and doing pretty well. Including building, &c., its capital stock is about $ [either $3,000 or $8,000].

"A meeting was held in the afternoon, which we both addressed. The attendance was large and a good spirit prevailed.

"After meeting we drove six miles to
CLARKSTON.
"On nearing the settlement we saw the immense snow drifts that abound in and around it . . . . as we left the house of our host, we did not walk through the gate—we walked over it. The streets of Clarkston, in many places, were blocked with immense snow drifts, some of them covering up fences, and block up gate-ways. . . ."
-- The Logan Leader – Feb. 4, 1881.

* * * *
February 11, 1881 - page 3 under "Acknowledgments to Correspondents" –

"Our recent request for newsy correspondence is being liberally complied with."
-- The Logan Leader – Feb. 11, 1881.

* * * *
February 25, 1881 - page 3 "Cache County Cross Cuts" –

"Our Smithfield correspondent, Mr. A. P. Welchman, sends us an account of the Sabbath school there. A previously received account of it was in type, hence we cannot use Mr. Welchman’s, but we thank him nevertheless."
-- The Logan Leader – Feb. 25, 1881.

* * * *
March 4, 1881 - page 3 under "Mendon Items"

". . . the Thespian Association has made up for it, by giving several performances, they performed last week at Newton, Clarkston and Hyrum. . . ."
-- The Logan Leader – March 4, 1881.

* * * *
March 18, 1881 - page 3 – under "Letter From Our Smithfield Correspondent" –

Covering local happenings including talk and plans to "erect the new Tabernacle of Smithfield."

The letter was from A. P. Welchman; and in the same paper a second letter from him under "Smithfield Items.
-- The Logan Leader – March 18, 1881.

* * * *
March 18 and March 25, 1881 - page 2 (18 th ) page 3 (25 th ) advertisements –

SHADE TREES

A Fine Assortment, Cheap. For particulars apply to

A. P. WELCHMAN, Smithfield

Father Ricks, Logan; Frank Madison, Providence:

Thos. Jessop, Millville; Ira Allen, Hyrum.

NOW IS THE TIME.
-- The Logan Leader – Mar. 18 and Mar. 25, 1881.

[ No ad on March 11 th or on April 1 st ]

* * * *
April 1, 1881 – page 3 "The Drama in Smithfield" by A. P. Welchman.

Page 3 - "Diphtheria Cure" –

"The following cure for diphtheria was published in the Deseret News , and a lady of Hyrum who has seen it work with great success recommends us to reproduce it.

"Take two ounces of olive oil and coal oil, mix well by shaking. Administer internally, every hour, a quantity according to the age of the patient. . . . "
-- The Logan Leader – April 1, 1881.

* * * *
April 8, 1881 - page 3 – "Smithfield Primary Association" -

Article by A. P. Welchman
-- The Logan Leader – April 8, 1881.

* * * *
April 15, 1881 -- Page 3 - "Missionaries" –

"Following is a list of missionaries called from Cache, Box Elder and Bear Lake Stakes of Zion. [From Cache 17, four each from Box Elder and Bear Lake. – From Logan, Dr. O.C. Ormsby.]

"They will take their departure on Tuesday, April 18 th , for their fields of labor."

Page 3 – "Departure of Missionaries"

Those for the Southern States leave Tuesday 11 th
Those for Europe leave Tuesday 18 th .
-- The Logan Leader – April 15, 1881.

* * * *
April 22, 1881 - Page 3 – in "Cache County Cross Cuts" –

"The Missionaries from Logan, called at the last conference, left on Tuesday morning, the 19 th last."

Page 3 – "Writing for the Press" – suggestions for those writing letters for possible publication in the paper.
-- The Logan Leader – April 22, 1881.

* * * *
April 29, 1881 – Page 3 – "Cache County Cross Cuts" –

"Andrew Quigley, Esq., of Swan Lake, says __? _ _?_ eagles have carried off some half a dozen angora kids belonging to him, this spring."

Page 3 – "Richmond"

"On Sunday morning last President Wm. B. Preston, Bishop Lewis, Elder R. F. Cummings, Jr. and Wm. B. Preston, Jr., drove to Richmond and attended Sabbath school and meeting at that place. At both services the house was filled to its full capacity, and the congregation was addressed by the three first named.

"Richmond is a flourishing and prosperous town, and shows many substantial improvements and fine buildings. A new meeting house is greatly needed, and its erection is being talked of and will doubtless be commenced shortly, the foundation for a building for the relief society is being laid. A number of Richmond men are engaged in or about to commence railroading on the U.&N. Crops promise well, and, in short, the entire town seems to be in excellent condition, temporally and spiritually."
-- The Logan Leader – April 29, 1881.

* * * *
May 6, 1881 – page 3 "Cache County Cross Cuts" –

"Great numbers of young men are going railroading."
-- The Logan Leader – May 6, 1881.

* * * *
May 13, 1881 – page 3 "Territorial News" –

"Diphtheria is prevailing to an alarming extent among children of St. George."
-- The Logan Leader – May 13, 1881.

* * * *
May 20, 1881 – page 3 "Tour Through the Wards of Cache Stake" –

"EDITOR LEADER: --The Saints of Cache Valley have been greatly blessed and strengthened in their faith, through teachings, and instructions of the First Presidency and brethren of the quorum of the Twelve during our recent quarterly conference, as also in their visits among the settlements of this valley."

[Pres. Taylor and his counselors, Pres. W. Woodruff, Pres. W. B. Preston went to Hyde Park and held evening meeting. Next morning they went and held meetings at Smithfield, Richmond and Franklin. On Tuesday they went to Mendon where they were joined by Apostles L. Snow, F. D. Richards, and Brigham Young, Jr., who had been to and held meetings in Providence, Millville, Hyrum, Paradise and Wellsville prior to joining Pres. Taylor’s group at Mendon for a meeting. After which the First Presidency plus Woodfuff and Richard rode the train back home to SLC.]  {Apostles L. Snow and Brigham Young, Jr. with Pres. Preston and Bro. Thomas H. Merrill (son of counselor M.W. Merrill …]

". . .proceeded to Benson and held a meeting at 11 a.m.. Proceeding northward on the west side of Bear River they held meetings at Newton, Clarkston, Trenton, Weston, Five Mile Creek, Clifton, Oxford, Swan Lake and arrived at Marsh Valley on Sunday May 8 th , at which place they held a meeting at 10 a.m. and 2 p.m."

[Monday they went north to "Mormon ward" and held a meeting; then to Mound Valley, then to Mink Creek, Worm Creek and on to Franklin. Here B. Young, Jr. dedicated the woolen mill; next day to Lewiston for a meeting and then to Logan the same day, the 13 th . . . .]

". . .having been absent since the 4 th and having held some thirty meetings."  [On Saturday the 14 th Snow and Young left for their homes.]
-- The Logan Leader – May 20, 1881.

* * * *
June 17, 1881 – page 3 – "Jubilee Notice" –

"The superintendents of Sabbath schools, and others interested, will please take notice of the following appointments for jubilee practice and govern themselves accordingly.

"On Sunday June 10 th , the Sabbath schools of Newton, Benson, Trenton and Weston will meet at Clarkston at 10 a.m. Brother Knowles and Clark will attend.

[ Other groups to meet similarly and in the newspaper for June 25 a report that in the wagon carrying Knowles, it hit something and he and a a Sunday School child were thrown out of the wagon.]

{ The jubilee to be held in Logan on July 24 th .}

Page 3 – "Smithfield Notes" by A.P. Welchman in which he tells the news and states "The new tabernacle being pushed vigorously. . . ."
-- The Logan Leader – June 17, 1881.

* * * *
July 8, 1881 - page3 under title – "Items from Newton and Smithfield" –

"EDITOR LEADER:-- I now attempt to pen you a few lines because I feel that I ought to do so, rather than that I have anything very special to communicate. However it is supposable that an editorial waste basket is convenient.

"I lately paid a visit to Newton, whose worthy citizens I found in excellent spirits, because of their flattering prospects for crops. The gain, generally has a healthy color and appearance that has not been usual in that vicinity for several years past. I did not learn that the bad storm spoken of in your issue of June 24 th do very serious damage in this locality, though it did not move uninjured. The reservoir which has entailed heavy expense upon these sons of toil having been subject to several disasters, is now considered a substantial affair.

"A disease has been passing through the settlement, characterized by vomiting, purging and general prostration; the same complaint, as I believe, that has visited other localities in our county. I do not suppose that in the case of Newton at least, this affliction is the result of eating unripe fruit in an uncooked state (for Newton is not yet very bountifully supplied with this article,) but I certainly do think that parents often fail to exercise a proper restraint upon children in this regard. Our little ones frequently indulge, and that to excess, in eating the greenest of fruit, much of which is blighted and contains living worms.

"Perhaps I should state that the range in the vicinity of Newton is also unusually fine this season, so much so that a considerable quantity of bunch grass is being cut for hay.  Yet, notwithstanding this fact, there is a very general complaint of a perceptible shrinkage in the yield of milk; that the cows do not give as much even this year as they did last; and yet last year was not to be at all compared with this in respect to the quantity of grass.

"This matter forceably [sic] suggests the query: Is there not much need, in our community, of the roughly organized and wide-a-wake farmers’ clubs—of free discussion and practical union? Should not our farmers divide the labors of the farm a little more equally between mind and body?

"Things spiritual, etc., so far as your correspondent could judge, were on a par at least with other localities. Perhaps, however, still further improvement might be made if a little more lively interest was taken in the Sunday school. An occasional attendance there of parents would doubtless be beneficial. Our young gentlemen and our young ladies, also, who have themselves had such advantages held out to them during childhood, might, with very good grace, show their appreciation of the same by becoming, in their turn, prompt, punctual and energetic aids in the Sabbath school interests."

[ Then the writer covered the situation at Smithfield ranging from their shock when they learned of "the shooting of President Garfield" to their pride in the "Smithfield Tabernacle" being constructed to the point that passersby were taking note. The people had been suffering by the same health problem as Newton .]

Respectfully,
A. P. Welchman.
Smithfield, July 4 th , 1881."
-- The Logan Leader – July 8, 1881.

* * * *
July 15, 1881 – page 3 – "People’s County Convention" -

The party’s convention of Cache County called to meet at the Logan city hall on July 23, 1881 to nominate candidates for the general election Aug. 1 st . Delegates allowed according to the number of registered voters in the precinct.

Logan – all 5 Wards allowed 2 delegates each.
Providence - 2
Millville - 2     Benson 1
Hyrum 3     Newton 1
Paradise 2     Clarkston 2
Wellsville 3     Lewiston 2
Mendon 2     Richmond 3
Petersboro 1     Smithfield 3
Trenton 1     Hyde Park 2
[Total] 40
-- The Logan Leader – July 15, 1881.

* * * *
July 22, 1881 - page 3 – "Dreadful Accident in Smithfield" –

[A long article by A. P. Welchman.]
-- The Logan Leader – July 22, 1881.

* * * *
August 5, 1881 – page 2 – "A Little Boy Drowns" –

"EDITOR LEADER:--A sad affair occurred here yesterday. The people had been enjoying themselves together through the day holding the celebration of the 24 th . The children had a dance in the afternoon, after which some of the boys went down to what is known as the Newton reservoir to bathe, and a little before sundown word was brought to town that Robert H. Henderson, son of James and __?_ Henderson, was drowned. Quite a number of the brethren hastened to the reservoir and the body was found and brought to town just before dark. He was 9 years, 9 months and 23 days old, and was much beloved by all his play mates.

". . . funeral services were held this afternoon. . . .

Richard Godfrey.
Clarkston, July 25, 1881."
-- The Logan Leader – Aug. 5, 1881.

* * * *
August 12, 1881 - page three "Temple Statistics"

Donations by wards in the Cache Valley Stake for the Logan Temple from Jan. 1 st to July 1 st , 1881:

First Ward $935.73         Clifton Ward $106.80
Second Ward 1065.98     Weston Ward 87.60
Third Ward 301. 07         Clarkston Ward 504.74
Fourth Ward 1733.23     Newton Ward 174.10
Fifth Ward 742.29         Benson Ward 187.94
Hyde Park Ward 1624.20     Mendon Ward 618.20
Smithfield Ward 899.89     Wellsville Ward 1114.42
Richmond Ward 1118.00     Paradise Ward 513.71
Lewiston Ward 819.04     Hyrum Ward 15?6.33
Franklin Ward 402.68     Millville Ward 4??.91
Mink Creek Ward 121.82     Providence Ward 237.32
Mound Valley Ward 41.34     Preston Ward 162.51
March Valley Ward 208.78     Oxford Ward 141.24
Total $16,373.45
-- The Logan Leader – Aug. 12, 1881.

* * * *
August 28, 1881 – Page 1 (Front Page) – under "Newton Notes" –

"EDITOR LEADER:-- Please accept a few items from Newton. The grain here is about harvested, and hauling has commenced. Fears have been entertained that, standing as it is, shocked in the field, it would be damaged by the frequent showers that have visited this locality, before it could be stacked. Indeed I understand that it has, in some instances, sprouted in the shock. On Saturday night last, about mid-night, a thunderstorm occurred, which set in with wind that amounted almost to a hurricane, and at times the rain descended in a very lively manner I assure you. Messrs. Benson & Son, and Jenkins & Brother, have purchased a new Vibrator threshing machine, latest improvements; it has been running to-day, and promises to give good satisfaction. A few loads of wheat were threshed for many different parties; thus giving a pretty fair average sample of the Newton crop at large. The quality was above the average, as was also the ration of amount per acre. Good judges her estimate that the present yield will surpass any former crop by about five thousand bushels.

"A disease of the Cholera Morius type has been prevalent among the people; while poultry have been thinned by the chicken cholera. There has also been an ailing among the cows, the name and nature of which I am not able to precisely state, though by some it is termed Black-leg.

Respectfully yours,
A. P. Welchman
Newton, Aug. 18 th , 1881."
-- The Logan Leader – Aug. 28, 1881.

* * * *
October 21, 1881 - page 3 "Population of Cache County" –

From census sheets from the census bureau.

Benson precinct 181
Clarkston precinct and Clarkston village (co-extensive) 404
Hyde Park precinct and Hyde Park village " 437
Hyrum precinct and Hyrum city " 1,?34
[? The figure]
Lewiston precinct 525
Logan precinct and Logan city (co-extensive) 3,396
Mendon precinct and Mendon city " 543
Millville precinct and Millville village " 539
Newton precinct and Newton village " 304
Paradise precinct and Paradise city " 612
Petersboro precinct 78
Providence precinct and Providence village (co-extensive) 578
Richmond precinct and Richmond city " 1,198
Smithfield precinct and Smithfield city " 1,177
Trenton precinct 209
Wellsville precinct and Wellsville city " 1,193
Total 12,561

Page 3 – "English Papers" –

"We are indebted to Elder O.C. Ormsby for two copies of that great English newspaper, the London Standard , dates respectively Sept. 26 th and 27 th . They were mailed from Dover, England."
[ Brief remarks on what the English newspaper had on the death of Pres. Garfield, but not a word on Dr. Ormsby serving on a mission.]
-- The Logan Leader – Oct. 21, 1881.

* * * *
November 11, 1881 – page 1 – "Quarterly Conference" –

Report on the quarterly conference held in the Logan Tabernacle for the Cache Valley Stake during which Pres. Joseph F. Smith presided with several apostles present.

Among the counsel – "Last winter there was quite a disposition on the part of our youth to indulge too much in round dancing, contrary to the council of the servants of God, and an improvement in this respect was desired. Young men should marry and thus fulfill a great obligation. Our brethren should try to find employment at home rather than to scatter their energies abroad on railroads, &c. The effect of working on the railroad was __ ?_ bad on the morals of our young men. There is need for more missionary work in this stake than we have been having."

One leaders expressed a fear that the new generation of Mormons not as firm as the old ones and that Mormonism could pass away.
-- The Logan Leader – Nov. 11, 1881.

* * * *
December 9, 1881 – page 2 – "Northern Trip" –

"On Sunday morning last, the 2?th inst., Apostle Moses Thatcher, and President Wm. B. Preston, accompanied by Elders Lyman R. Martineau and B. H. Cummings, Jr., of the Stake Central Board of Y.M.M.I.A., started on a ten day tour of the settlements of Cache Valley Stake, lying north of Bear river. A program had been previously arranged and the Bishops of the various settlements had been notified when to expect the party, and of the hour at which meeting would be held . . . .

"The party drove first to Newton where they arrived about 11o’clock a.m. and partook of the hospitality of Bishop W. F. Rigby. The Bishop is a progressive citizen, as his premise indicted. He believes in building up and beautifying, and to this end has planted out a nursery of choice varieties of shade trees. The nursery covers two acres and contains locust, box elder, Lombardy poplar, balm of Gilead, maple, sugar maple, European lark, and other varieties of shade and ornamental trees, all of which appear very thrifty . The Bishop started the nursery from seeds only five years ago, and has already sold a very great number of trees. His nursery will have a marked effect, directly and indirectly, in beautifying the town of Newton. The Bishop will pardon a word of admiration for the thrifty nursery that the party beheld inside the house, and which consisted of healthy, bright-eyed little boys and girls, so great in number that we did not count them, and that strongly tended to correct the impression that ‘Mormonism was dying out.’

"A meeting was held at two o’clock, which was well attended and was addressed by the brethren in the order named: Elder B. F. Cummings, Jr., and L. R. Martineau, President Wm. B. Preston and Apostle Moses Thatcher. The subjects dwelt upon were such as were of the greatest interest to the Saints and appropriateness to their present wants and circumstances. At the close of the afternoon meeting in Newton, Elder Thatcher and President Preston drove to Clarkston. . . .

"Elders Martineau and Cummings remained in Newton and in the evening addressed a meeting in the interest of the Y.M.M.I.A., at which the following offices were presented and sustained: John Jenkins, president; Moroni Jenkins, 1 st counselor; Wm. Rigby, Jr., 2 nd counselor; Alma Benson, secretary; J. H. Barker, assistant secretary; Nahum Curtis, treasurer."

Page 3 - in article "Ducking in Bear River" –

"We are indebted to William Rigby, son of Bishop W. F. Rigby of Newton, for the following particulars of an unpleasant accident that befell a young couple on a recent Sunday. We suppress names, as the tale will point an excellent moral without them.

"Two young men employed on a ranch near Bear River, feeling lonesome on the Sunday named, decided to kill time by going to see ‘the girls’ on a neighboring ranch.  They found the girls at home, and a boat ride on Bear River was proposed. The boat was too small to hold more than two persons. One of the young men and one of the young ladies seated themselves in the boat and getting well out into the stream, the gallant youth thought to scare his companion by tipping the boat. But she didn't scare worth a cent and began to tip too. As a result the boat was upset, with its occupants under it. Several young people stood on the bank unable to render any assistance to those in the water.  The young man could not swim, but the young lady could, and with the magnanimity of a heroine she helped him up onto the capsized boat, and then swam ashore. The young man made his way to the shore by using his hands as paddles. Where the young lady remarked to him, ‘You won. Take me out boat riding again.’ Moral 1st, young men who go boating on Sunday should be good swimmers; 2 nd young men who go boating on Sunday should not rock the boat to scare their lady companion. 3rd. young men should not go boating on Sunday."

Page 3 – "Cache County Cross Cuts"—

"A. P. Welchman , Esq., is taking orders for the Contributor’s sheet portraits of Joseph and Hyrum Smith. He furnishes the pair nicely framed for $4.75. He

also manufactures stencil plates, for marking sacks, and small articles."
-- The Logan Leader – Dec. 9, 1881.

* * * *
1882 – January 13, 1882 – page 3 – "Cache County Cross Cuts" –

"A little boy being at Newton was leading a horse home last Friday when the animal kicked him on the jaw, badly fracturing the jaw bone. The boy was brought to Logan, and the fracture was rendered by Dr. Lamoraux."
-- The Logan Leader – Jan. 13, 1882.

* * * *
February 3, 1882 – page 2 - "Another Correspondent" –

"The Leader has secured the facile pen of A. P. Welchman, Esq., who will henceforth act as our regular correspondent. Mr. Welchman is engaged in a business that calls him to many different towns in this county, and our friends will be doing us and him a great favor by communicating to him the news and information of important events and improvements."

Page 3 - in an article - "The Owner of the Dog Speaks.

"In a recent issue of the LEADER appeared a communication from Newton, describing an attack on Mrs. Sorensen by a savage dog and the injuries the lady sustained. The correspondent stated that the owner of the dog had previously been made aware that the brute had attacked not only cattle and sheep, but people.

"The owner of the dog writing a somewhat lengthy communication in his own defense. He denies having ever known his dog to attack either grown people or children.  He admits that two complaints were made to him about his dog attaching stock. One case was that of a calf, and the next time some sheep were killed by several dogs, his dog being among them. He offered to pay the damages rather than part with the dog to which he was attached, and which he says ‘was good company.’ Still rather than have such a thing happen as occurred in the case of Mrs. Sorensen, he could have parted with many dogs. He asked why some one did not kill his dog if it was the dangerous animal it was reported to be?

"I could say more in regard to the case and have a reason to make complaints, but I rather suffer in my own mind than endeavor to create any more bad feelings."
-- The Logan Leader – Feb. 3, 1882.

* * * *
March 31, 1882 – p. 3 – "Newton Reservoir Burst
. "

"EDITOR LEADER:--The Newton__? _have been holding meetings for the purpose of getting the requisite spring work done upon their reservoir and water ditches. But in this respect, they have met with another disaster for upon emerging from their houses this morning the ominous roaring of the Newton creek indicated that the reservoir had again broken. It was too true. The main dam however did not break, but a smaller side dam. The design is to speedily repair the breach. The mail carrier’s horse in attempting to cross the remnant of the bridge at Newton, which the flood had not swept away, fell, struck its head in falling, was stunned and drowned. Mail safe.

Yours,
A. P. Welchman."
-- The Logan Leader – March 31, 1882.

* * * *
April 21, 1882, p. 3 – "Newton Notes"

"EDITOR LEADER –The Trustees of the Newton Irrigation District have let to Mr. Moroni Jenkins a contract to fill in the late break of the reservoir with a quantity of dirt sufficient to reserve the water while the farmers are putting in their crops; after which time the Brethren will complete the repair of the breakage. During the last fall and this spring considerable labor has been expended in cleaning out the main water ditch. Farmers in this locality have been rather uneasy, not over the Edmund’s Bill [relating to polygamy], but on account of the lack of spring. This morning old Sol smiles encouragingy [sic - encouragingly] however.

A.P.W.
Newton, April 11 th , 1882."
-- The Logan Leader – April 21, 1882.

* * * *
May 5, 1882 - Page 1 – Precinct Officers

Newton Precinct

Justice of the Peace -- Wm. H. Griffin
Constable – Hans P. Larsen

p. 3 - under "Shade Trees"

"George Barber & Sons are agents for the shade trees grown in W. F. Rigby’s nursery, Newton, and will keep on hand at their premises in Logan, Honey Locust, Box Elder and other varieties of trees of a suitable age for setting out. Prices reasonable."

P. 3 - under "Newton Notes" –

"EDITOR LEADER:-- "And still they come—little immigrants from fatherland. They come in spite of Colfax [Speaker of the House or Representatives]. And when they return home we rather surmise that neither the Bill’s nor the Bulls of any, or of all, of the powers of this mundane sphere will there affect their legitimacy. Rah! Two more recruits of Zion’s infantry—Jacobs and Rigby have our hearty congratulations.

"The Newton Sunday School held an Exhibition on Sunday evening, April 30 th , 1882.

The juveniles presented songs, recitations, etc . as is usual upon such occasions.

A.P.W.
Newton, April 30 th , 1882."

p. 3 – "Clarkston Items"

"EDITOR LEADER -- The farmers of Clarkston are busy putting in their crops, but the larger proportion of their work is yet to be done. The day school is in charge of Bro. A. O. White, who has lately had to call in the assistance of his wife Sister Frances White.  Bro. White has an excellent reputation here, as a school teacher; he is also a proficient penman, have executed some fine specimens of that art.

"On May day Bro. White and lady accompanied their pupils upon a holiday ramble.  The party enjoyed themselves well.

"Whooping cough, and measles in a light form, prevail to some extent. Some are suffering with lung fever, and a few are afflicted with rheumatism.

"I should have mentioned, in connection with May day observations, that notwithstanding the heavy demand for muscle in the fields, a dance was had on the evening of May 1 st .

"The various public institutions of the ward such as Sunday School, Mutual Improvement, Primaries, etc., are in good condition, and have been lively during the winter.

"All seems to be at peace, and hopeful of the future.

Respectfully,
A.
Clarkston, May 2 nd , 1882."
-- The Logan Leader – May 5, 1882.

* * * *

May 11, 1882 – on front page with a short article at the bottom of the page –

"Hail Storm at Newton.

"EDITOR LEADER – During the latter part of the week preceding the late quarterly conference, Newton was visited by a very lively little hail storm. The stones were not remarkably large but the ‘patter on the shingles’ made music in double quick time, I assure you; and mother earth donned, above her vesture of green, a cloak of white almost as suddenly as would a sly maiden when surprised en dishabille. She did not long remain in disguise, however. Old Sole easily persuaded her to lay aside the white robe.

W.
Newton, May 5 th , 1882."
-- The Logan Leader – May 11, 1882.

* * * *
June 2, 1882 – in the article "The Election" on p. 2 –

". . . on acceptance or rejection of the constitution on the 23 rd inst." . . . . the vote "was surprisingly large" . . . "Another circumstance highly creditable to our county is that every vote polled was ‘yes.’ Not a soul in Cache county was so destitute of all sense of propriety, justice and right as to vote ‘No.’"

Cache vote:
Clarkston 103 Paradise 128
Hyrum 258 Richmond 366
Newton 91 Benson 26
Millville 110 Logan 797
Smithfield 315 Lewiston 153
Hyde Park 115 Wellsville 238
Trenton 80 Providence 110
Mendon 150
Total 3113
-- The Logan Leader – June 2, 1882.

* * * *
June 9, 1882 - under title "Richmond Items" –

"EDITOR LEADER --Richmond is no exception to Utah settlements in general— the leaders thereof are rapidly extending and many private, together with some public improvements denote a healthy thrift. Among the public improvements is a new building erected by the Relief Society. It is a frame structure line with adobes. It is not yet completed.

"Excavations have been dug, wherein to lay the foundation of two other buildings, of very respectable proportions. One of these is designed for a new hall, or tabernacle, for worship and the other is intended for a co-op store.

"Richmond has four stores, each apparently having a good run of custom; also a very neat millinery establishment.

"Building is at present hindered by lack of lumber. When that is supplied the carpenters anticipate a lively time. The Sabbath school, under the superintendency of Elder W. W. Merrill, Jr., appears to be in a thriving condition.

[Information on Primary’s annual meeting in which the late B. Young was honored]

"Jas. Fowby, of Gentile Valley has been in Richmond six weeks under treatment of Dr. Wm. H. Olsten. Eleven weeks since Mr. Fowby had the misfortune to run the tine of a hayfork into his big toe. The toe was thereby poisoned and finally mortification set in. The gentleman is now in a favorable condition, and speaks of Dr. Obsten’s treatment as being first class.

[A female doctor and her husband were in Richmond to teach the anatomy and hygiene of the human system—especially for the females.]

Respectfully,
A. P. Welchman.
Richmond, June 5 th , 1882."
-- The Logan Leader – June 9, 1882

[On July 7, 1882 the last issue of the Logan Leader was published and about three weeks later on Tuesday August 1, 1882 The Utah Journal made its appearance as a bi-weekly newspaper published on Tuesdays and Fridays.]

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

August 8, 1882 – in section "Correspondent" on page 3 –

"NEWTON

"The hay harvest is pretty well over and the grain harvest has commenced But neither is considered good, the latter rather below an average, say two-thirds of a crop. Notwithstanding the grain crop is not matchless, two self tying binding reapers have been purchased by two companies. The general nature of the people of this county is good. We are pleased to welcome the advent of the JOURNAL, we wish it long life, plenty of patronage and power to truly carry out its proposed course. Cache county and northern Utah cannot afford to be without a representative newspaper. I beset the JOURNAL and the people mutually support and protect each other."
The Utah Journal - Aug. 8, 1882.

* * * *
Aug. 25, 1882 - page 3 – under "Localism" –

"The grain crop of Newton is lighter than it was last year."

Page 3 – "Meeting of the Relief Society and Primary In Newton"

"EDITOR JOURNAL: --On Wednesday Aug. 23 rd , a special joint meeting of the Female Relief Society and Primary Association of Newton was held in the school house.  There were present as visitors, under whose auspices the meeting was held; Sister Elizabeth Benson, president of the Female Relief Society of Cache Stake, Sister Jane C. Molen, president of the Primaries of the Stake, Sister Elizabeth [Hyde?] of Hyde Park and Sister L.B. Benson of Logan. Sisters E. Benson, Jane C. Molen, and Elizabeth Hyde each addressed the assembly, touching upon the following subjects; early history of the Church, its persecutions, etc ., the coming sister’s conference, nolty [?] of speech and work among the sisters, completion of the temple, gathering and storing of grain, beauty of forbearance, the evils of backbiting, care children, including health of the body simple instructions to the young, relying upon the Lord as our doctor, etc .

"The meeting was also addressed by Sisters Barker and Welchman and proved to be one of those sessions of enjoyment held dear in the memories of Saints.

Respectfully,
A. P. Welchman.
-- The Utah Journal – Aug. 25, 1882.

* * * *
September 8, 1882 – Friday Evening

Page one – advertisement – "W. H. OLSTEN, Ph. G. M.,
SURGEON and PHYSICIAN
Richmond, Utah

Page 3 -- "Shocking Accident"

"Yesterday afternoon, about four o’clock as Christian Peterson was employed mowing grass at Richmond, in this county, he having accidentally dropped a line, jumped off the machine to recover it, failing in his attempt, he made for the horse’s head, which frightened the animal, causing it to move faster, at the same time kicking him. He finally got to the collar of one of the horses, missed his hold and was caught on the knives of the mower.

"It was found on examination that the right hand was nearly cut off near the wrist. The left arm cut partly in two and badly mashed and contused. The limb from the groin to the knee lacerated and torn open to the bone, a huge place the size of a hand and two inches thick cut out of the left hip, besides many smaller wounds in various parts of the body. Dr. W. H. Olsten was at once sent for, and he telegraphed to this city for assistance at midnight. Dr. Ormsby, assisted by Dr. Olsten, performed the operation of removing both arms, one above the wrist the other below the elbow.

"The sufferer is about 48 years of age, has a wife and six children, and is a native of Denmark.

"Great sympathy is expressed by the people in the case.

"Early this morning the patient was feeling bright, but the physicians have a precarious case.

"In view of the many accidents that have recently occurred from the use of badly trained horses we shall at no distant day devote a portion of our space to this evil."
-- The Utah Journal – Sept. 8, 1882.
[ Note: The accident was to the brother of Peter Petersen, and was the reason for the latter moving from Richmond to Newton .]

* * * *
Sept. 22, 1882 – Friday evening issue; on page 3 under "Newton Items" –

"EDITOR JOURNAL.—The threshers’ smile is a mournful grin; While it rains it rains, it rains.

"Yes, the long spell of ‘beautiful weather’ is broken at last; but those who often travel over the roads will gladly hail the change; dust was becoming a nuisance.

"Newton is a fast growing town. Among the improvements I noticed that Mr. Amos Clark has erected a commodious dwelling house. Mr. John Jenkins has made a very respectable addition to his residences, and a new building is being pushed forward upon the city lot of Bishop W. F. Rigby. All of these are constructed of rock from the Newton quarry, and of course, substantial and creditable structures.

"The Journal is becoming a very popular guest in Newton.

YZ
Newton, Sept. 20, 1882."
-- The Utah Journal – Sept. 22, 1882.

* * * *
September 26, 1882 – Tuesday issue – on page 3 under "Convalescing"

"Christian Peterson of Richmond who met with a serious accident a short time since, by falling in front of a mowing machine, is doing much better than was expected. The sufferer is under the medical care of Dr. W. H. Olsten, in whose office he lies, till he becomes sufficiently recovered for removal."
-- The Utah Journal – Sept. 26, 1882.

* * * *
October 10, 1882 – p. 2 on "Conference" from Salt Lake City regarding the calling of missionaries-

"Following were called from this October Conference –

John Jenkins (Wales)
-- The Utah Journal – Oct. 10, 1882.

* * * *
October 17, 1882 -- on p. 3 under "Richmond Items" –

"M. W. Merrill is one of the kind of men who builds up a country. He has lately made another substantial improvement to the region where he lives, namely a grist mill.  The structure is situated on Cub river, about a mile and a half from Richmond. It is of frame and will, when finished, be a first-class mill in every respect, furnished with the latest improved machinery. It is 26 x 51 feet in size and 27 feet high to the square. It will be in operation by or about Nov. 30 th .

"The people of Richmond will greatly appreciate the convenience of a first-class mill so near their town.

"Considerable grain still remains in the field uncut in Richmond, and great quantities are standing in the shocks. The prolonged bad weather preventing farmers from hauling and threshing it. Great loss will be the result.

"The Richmond Co-op is erecting a fine large brick store. The walls are up to the second story. It is the intention to rush it through to competition as soon as possible."
-- The Utah Journal – Oct. 17, 1882.

* * * *

November 21, 1882 – page 3 under "Sundries from A. P. W." –

"EDITOR JOURNAL. – Quite a number of cases of measles have developed themselves in Newton.

"On the east side of the river, in Smithfield precinct, mumps are prevailing. Dr. Olsten has plenty to do; I found him attending a case of congestive chills.

"In passing through Smithfield I was pleased to note that matters under Bishop Farrell’s jurisdiction are still characterized by material progress. A neat tasteful fence encompasses the large portion of the Smithfield square, yet I judge it to be comparatively cheap to durable.

"At Richmond I found Mr. Orrison out with a goodly force of men and was under road supervisor, mending their roads.

"Mr. C. Travellor desires me to say in behalf of Mr. Christian Peterson, the unfortunite man whose hands were taken off with a mower, that Mr. Peterson wishes publicly to acknowledge the judicial sympathy and kindly feelings extended towards him by his friends in the surrounding neighborhood.

A. P. W."
-- The Utah Journal – Nov. 21, 1882.

* * * *
November 24, 1882 – on page 3 – "Wayside Jottings" -

"Notes on Northern Points by Our Correspondent ‘A. P. W.’"

"EDITOR JOURNAL. – While on a trip through some of our outlying settlements I offer your ____?__ readers a few items concerning the same, hoping they may prove interesting.

[ Told of going to Mink Creek, Gentile Valley and Mound Valley.]

"Respectfully,
A. P. W."
-- The Utah Journal – Nov. 24, 1882.

* * * *
November 28, 1882 – under "Richmond Items" - only told about a dramatic entertainment on Saturday and that two men had been injured and attended to by Dr. Olsten.
-- The Utah Journal – Nov. 28, 1882.

* * * *
December 15, 1882 – under the heading of "Newton" –

"EDITOR JOURNAL.—On the 6 th Inst. the remains of Chris Nelsen, the son of Chris and Mary Nelson, a promising youth of ten years, were buried. He was suffering from an attack of the measles, but unfortunately took cold which brought about his death. I will relate an incident which manifests the bold-spirit of the boy. A difference occurred between himself and a playmate, and a number of larger boys, in accordance with a shameful practice too often indulged in , fanned the excited temper of little Chris until a fight ensued. Not many days subsequently, however, Chris voluntarily sought his former antagonist, confessed his fault and sorrow for having emulated the same, and implored his friend’s forgiveness. It was, of course, freely granted, and the two remained firm friends until the death her recorded. Let others emulate the laudable example.

"On Sunday the 10 th , we experienced here in Newton, one of those ‘times of refreshing’ so acceptable to some Saints. Our Sunday School was re-organized, a number of teachers being enlisted in the good work, some of them persons of experience and efficiency.

"In the afternoon a powerful and highly interesting discourse was delivered by Elder J. H. Barker, Sen. and in the evening Elders Matthias A. Cowley, Wm. D. Williams and John Davidson addressed the saints. Of course, I understand by __?_ leaders, that I ____?_ then in the interest of the Y.M.M.I.A and of their regular organ, the Contributor . Elder Williams is President of the Y.M.M.I.A. of Benson.

"Elder Cowley’s address shown conclusively that he is a worthy representative of the institution in whose behalf he is traveling. His language was correct, well chosen and deliberately spoken. The topics presented were suitable and well concerted , and numerous quotations from our standard works, were correctly given, with chapter and verse. The house was well filled, representing the grey headed veterans, the middle aged, and the children of Zion, and the attention of all was held as by a spell.

"The Y.M.M.I.A. of Newton ward was presided over last season by Elder John Jenkins. Bro. Jenkins is now on a foreign mission, consequently a new president was found in the person of Elder Peter L. Nelson. The two counsellors, and other officers __?__ to complete the organization were chosen.  So the young men of our town may now proceed to join pleasure and improvement in their exercise for another season.

"Bro. Cowley was remarkably successful in his canvas for that ably conducted periodical the Contributor .

"The measles have paid their un-called for respects to the people of Newton in a most thorough manner—few need complain of having been slighted. There is also some other sickness.

Respectfully,
A.P.W.
Dec. 13 th , 1882"
-- The Utah Journal – Dec. 15, 1882.

* * * *
December 19. 1882 - page 3 "News of the Day" –

"Clarkston has been greatly improved this year, by the building of a number of fine residences."
-- The Utah Journal – Dec. 19, 1882.

* * * *

1883 - January 5, 1883 - page 3 under "Logan Post Office & Time Table"

"MAIL CLOSES – For Benson, Trenton, Newton and Clarkston. Tuesday and Friday 9 p.m.
For Hyde Park, Smithfield, Richmond and Franklin, every day 9 p.m.
For Mendon, Wellsville, Bear Lake and all southern or foreign points, every day9 p.m.
For Providence, Millville, Hyrum and Paradise, every Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 9 p.m.
-- The Utah Journal – Jan. 5, 1883.

* * * *
January 12, 1883 - p. 3 under "Items of the Day" –

"There is more sickness in Newton now than has been known for years."
-- The Utah Journal – Jan. 12, 1883.

* * * *
January 19, 1883 – p. 3 under "Items of the Day" -

"Vaccination is the only lively business in Logan."

"The sick people at Newton are improving."

"Mr. W. F. Rigby, of the firm of Van Noy & Co., sprained his leg very badly at Beaver Canyon, Jan. 10 th . H was on a pile of lumber, and lifted a number of boards that were frozen together. In pulling them he tripped, fell backward his right foot caught against a stick, and the boards rested upon his chest. This brought the weight of his body and the lumber all on the right leg, which was severely hurt. He came to his home in Newton last Sunday and is able to walk, though the injury is still quite painful."
-- The Utah Journal – Jan. 19, 1883.

* * * *
January 26, 1883 – in this Tuesday issue under "Items of the Day" on page 3 --

"Newton expects to have a dramatic company."
-- The Utah Journal – Jan. 26, 1883.

* * * *
February 6, 1883 – page 3 under "Another Temperance Advocate" -

"EDITOR JOURNAL.—As a citizen of Utah, and of Cache County in particular, I desire through the columns of the JOURNAL to express my hearty approval, humble though it may be, of the fight that is being waged in Logan City against intemperance.  In reading an article in your issue of the 30 th inst. I noticed that the contest upon this matter is neither confined to Logan, Utah, nor even in the United States. Why, then, should so small a minority seek to control the better interests of so large a majority?

Let not Logan alone battle for the right—if necessary let that city have the practical support of all Cache, for where is the citizen, male or female, who is not concerned in the issue of this vitally important contest?

"Newton, Feb. 5, 1883 W."
-- The Utah Journal – Feb. 6, 1883.

* * * *
February 9, 1883 – in the next issue of the newspaper on page 3 came this letter under –

"Our Country Cousins Accused"

"Where the Logan Liquor Law Breakers Get Their Custom"

"EDITOR JOURNAL. – So much has been said concerning liquor litigation of this city, and so much written by parties who had really nothing to say upon the subject, that it required quite an exertion of courage to enter the field so frequently trod. The sympathy, however, with the cause of temperance, displayed by your Newton correspondent in the last JOURNAL, has led us to a few reflections upon the subject with the following results."

[ Thereupon this person stated that the "liquor haunts in Logan" received much more business from neighboring settlement than from Logan. He stated that even the Logan bartenders openly state that the Logan patronage of their establishments are not enough to keep them going for even one day.

This was followed by examples of young and old men coming to town with a load of wheat or wood, etc. and then end up with a cigar and drinking, etc. and conclude with this last statement —]

"Now, Mr. Editor, the course to be pursued is plain. If people outside of the city would give us more support and less sympathy, if they would either stay at home, or let liquor alone, we should not long complain of the existence of saloons in Logan."

"?" [the writer]
-- The Utah Journal – Feb. 9, 1883.

* * * *
Feb, 13, 1883 – in a page 3 article under the heading of "Clarkston" –

"EDITOR JOURNAL. –As it is understood that his place is near the north pole I thought I would let the people hear through your valuable paper that we are not all frozen yet although we have had very cold weather. The people fell well and then general health is very good except a few cases of mumps. We have not been forgotten in the missionary line is Elder Thomas Griffin. Thos. Griffin and Charles Shumway are called to the Southern States. They formed the Presidency of the Y.M.M.I.A. There has been considerable improvement here the last year. Bro. John Buttars just completed a fine building. He invited some of his brethren and sisters to a sociable on the seventh inst. where about one hundred persons partook of a sumptuous dinner after which they enjoyed themselves in the dance. All passed off quietly.

Respectfully,
W. V. Carbine
-- The Utah Journal – Feb. 13, 1883.

* * * *
February 16, 1883 – a week later A.P.W. relied to the Feb. 9th letter in an article headed "A Reply"

"EDITOR JOURNAL.—I desire the courtesy of your column for the purpose of briefly replying to the article in your issue of Feb. 9 headed ‘Our Country Cousins Accused.’ The person, who wrote the article is probably perfectly straight, but for some reason, and very apparent, the article itself seems to be somewhat mixed. I am willing to credit the author as refering [sic] to a class ; but I am not alone in viewing the communication as being somewhat personal to myself. Viewing it in that latter light, I take the liberty of saying that, there is surely nothing objectionable in the article I wrote, published in the JOURNAL of Feb. 6 th , entitled ‘Another Temperance Advocate’’; and I can say I penned the same in all sincerity. I therein urged that Logan should have the practical support.— not merely ‘sympathy’—of every citizen of the county of Cache. I used the term practical in its broadest sense.

"I do not hold myself responsible for any improper adtions [sic] of those who patronize the liquor venders; nor for the ‘termination which be worthy of the beginning.’

"As for myself, I have been a citizens of Cache county for over twenty years, my character is established here, and I am not ashamed of the mark I have made at least so far as pertains to the temperance cause. My advice always has been, and is now, let ‘young men and elderly’ whether at home in their respective wards, or where they ‘come in from the country,’ be men of sobriety and order; showing to all the world, and to Logan in particular, during he prohibition contest, that ‘country cousins’ respect themselves and therefore claim the respect of responsible people every where.

Respectfully,
A. P. Welchman
Newton, Cache County, Utah, Feb. 12 th , 1883."

Page 3 -- In same Feb. 16 th issue under "Items of the Day" these two items--

"DIPHTHERIA exists in town." [in Logan]

"If the recent cold snap hasn’t blotted the event from the memory of our readers, they will recollect that we had a thaw about the last of last month. An incident connected with that thaw is just reported from a ranch near Newton. Several head of cattle laid down in a corral, which was flooded with water. The thaw ceased in the night and the mercury dropped away down low. Next morning the owner of the bovines had to dig them out of the ice with a pick. This is rather a rough story—especially on the cattle—but the truth of it is vouched for."
-- The Utah Journal – Feb. 16, 1883.

* * * *
February 20, 1883 – page 3 ad -- under "Shade Trees"

"Best time to plant shade trees is in the fall of the year. A fine lot of Honey Locust, Lombardy, Poplar, Balm of Gilead and Box Elder at Rigby’s Nursery, Newton. Orders left with Geo. Barber & Son, will be promptly filled. Liberal reduction to purchasers at the nursery."

Page 3 under "Items of the Day" this note –

"Clarkston raised $200 for the three missionaries lately called from there."
-- The Utah Journal – Feb. 20, 1883.

* * * *
February 23, 1883 – page 3 under "Newton Items" –

"EDITOR JOURNAL. – Newton Ward gave a very well patronized theatrical entertainment last night for the benefit of Bro. Wm. F. Rigby, Jr. who is one of those young men selected for the Southern mission. The exercise consisted of a comedy ‘Anything for a Change,’ followed by several comic and sentimental songs & recitations; a portion of them were rendered exceedingly well. A handsome sum was secured and  a very pleasant evening spent. On Thursday night a ___?__ dance will be given as a farewell gathering.

Yours,
Virginia
Feb. 21, 1883."
-- The Utah Journal – Feb. 23, 1883.

* * * *
March 2, 1883 - from "Items of the Day" page 3–

"The first public meeting since the quarantine was raised was a fast meeting held in the Tabernacle basement yesterday forenoon." [Logan’s situation.]
-- The Utah Journal – March 2, 1883.

* * * *
March 13, 1883 - on page two (2) under the heading –

"Newton Notes" --

"Deaths, Building and Sundry other Matters"

"EDITOR JOURNAL. – On Sunday, March 11 th , the remains of Daniel Jacobs, son of Swen, Sen., and Sarah Jacobs, were followed to their final resting place by a procession of twenty-one vehicles—a goodly attendance from so small a town as Newton.

"Brother Daniel was just on the verge of manhood, and a well respected youth. He was prostrated by Typhoid pneumonia which has been prevalent in our town this winter.

"The Jacobs family has been severe sufferers by this disease, which we consider quite as dangerous as the small pox scourge. In the old gentleman’s family a short time since, two little ones were down with it, one of which died, and he has a son, younger than Daniel, very seriously ill at this time. During the winter, his son-in-law, Cris Nelson, lost two children, a boy and a girl.

"Brother Wm. W, Shepherd also buried a little girl a week ago to-day.

"Mr. John lost a fine four year old horse lately from distemper.

"Newton Co-op Institution has nearly completed a new store 18 x 30 feet, with cellar and loft.

"Mr. Swen Jacobs, Jr., is building a new frame house and the Relief Society is collecting material to build.

"Water is super-abundant late jus now; but it is running to waste over the still frozen surface of the ground, but by and by, we shall doubtless have a drought. In view of the latter contingency, the brethren are laboring on the reservoir, putting it in order for summer use.

Respectfully,
A. P. W.
Newton, March 12, 1883."
-- The Utah Journal – March 13, 1883.

* * * *
April 27, 1883 - page 3 under "Items of the Day" –

"On Tuesday last two yoke of cattle drew 400 shade trees from Bishop W. F. Rigby’s nursery at Newton to Logan. A portion of them were for the Temple. Bishop Rigby has a large nursery of shade trees embracing a fine variety."
-- The Utah Journal – April 27, 1883.

* * * *
May 4, 1883 - page 1 -- covered the postal service to Newton on Tuesday and Friday

Precinct officers – Newton Justice of the Peace – Wm. H. Griffin
Constable - Hans P. Larson

Page 3 – under the title "Newton"

"The health of the Newtonites is perhaps somewhat improved, yet owing to the varied times and trying nature of the weather, colds, coughs and fevers still trouble the people.

"The cropping season at Newton is nearly over.

"A May walk, and dancing in the evening were on the young people’s programme.

P. W.
Newton, May 1 st , 1883."

Page 3 -- ad on shade trees from Rigby’s Nursery contact Geo. Barber.
-- The Utah Journal – May 4, 1883.

* * * *
May 8, 1883 – page 1 under an article entitled "Quarterly Conference"

The conference at Logan had Pres. John Taylor and counselor Geo. Q. Cannon and five of the apostles present. The president of stakes such as Salt Lake Stake, Kanab Stake, Weber Stake, Davis Stake, Arizona Stake.

Report of donations to the Logan Temple by various wards in the Cache Valley Stake and by stakes of the temple districts.

Report of the Relief Society, and the Y.M. & Y.L.M.I.A. and Primaries were given.

Then the bishops in the following wards reported on their wards—
Bannock - Thomas E. Ricks
Logan 4 th
Smithfield
Millville
Mormon Ward [? Solomon Hale]
Lewiston
Logan 3 rd
Hyde Park
Paradise
Newton – W. F. Rigby
Report on the work on the Logan Temple

Page 1 advertisement-

"Stencils

"Name plates for household articles, ten letters or less 50 cents. Each additional letter 5 cents. Box, indelible ink, brush furnished.
"Indelible ink 25 cents per bottle.
"Sack and box plates from 1/2 in. to 2 in. letters. Plates of 3/4in 3/4 in letters
5 cents per letter.

A. P. Welchman
Newton, Cache Co., Utah."

Page 1 - Precinct officers

Justice of the Peace - W. H. Griffin
Constable - Hans P. Larsen

Page 3 - large advertisement with two pictures

"Walter A. Wood
Mowers and Binders
[Sketch of a binder]

Paine & Mattison
Sole agents
[Sketch of a mower]

"A Full Stock of EXTRAS always on hand. Every Machine Fully Warranted. Sample Machines now on Exhibition.

"WE ALSO HAVE THE PEERLESS COMBINED MOWER & REAPERS
SINGLE REAPERS, GALE SULKY HAY RAKES, SICKLES, GRINDERS, ETC., ETC.

"MITCHELL" WAGON YARD
Third Street Logan, Utah."
-- The Utah Journal – May 8, 1883.

* * * *
May 18, 1883 - page 3 under "Newton Notes" –

"Primary Association – Entertainment – Incorporation – Crop Prospects."

"EDITOR JOURNAL. – Last evening the Primary Association of Newton gave a public entertainment. Being the busy season of the year it was late ere the audience assembled and the exercise began; but there was a full house, and the affair passed off in a very pleasing manner. The little ones had been in training for the occasion but a few days; yet their songs, recitations and essays were presented in a remarkable effective style — persons of upper years often appear to less advantage before the public. One of the exercises was a concert recitation of the history of Joseph of Egypt. A very commendable feature of the evening was that none failed to respond when their names were read from the programme.

"This association outnumbers all other organizations in the ward having eighty-eight names enrolled. It is under the presidency of Sister E. Griffin, who displays much interest in her labors of love; as do her counselors, Sisters Larson and Clarke. The association has held twenty meeting during the past year, its members have read thirty chapters from various Church works; have recited 257 verses, borne forty-five testimonies and read four essays. It has donated liberally towards the building of Logan Temple, and for other worthy purposes.

"On the previous evening, Monday, the members of the dominate Church in this ward assembled in masse and signed the proper articles preparatory to becoming a body corporate under the title of "The Newton Ecclesiastical Ward of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

"We have lately had some copious and timely showers of rain, and there appears a prospect that Newton will raise a heavier crop this season than ever before. The Saints therefore are rejoicing, and manifest gratitude to the Giver of all good.

"To-day we expect to have a building bee. The busy bees are to build a hive for the Relief Society.

"Friend Griffin, of the co-op, is now ready to wait upon his customers in the new store building.

Yours, etc.,
A. P. W.
Newton, May 13, 1883."
-- The Utah Journal – May 18, 1883.

* * * *
June 1, 1883 – page 3 under "Items of the Day" –

"A. P. Welchman, Esq., of Newton laid a number of pieplant stock [ aka rhubarb ] on our table yesterday morning. As he did so one of the typos asked if they were fish poles. This gives an idea of their size."
-- The Utah Journal – June 1, 1883.

* * * *
June 8 , 1883 - page 3 advertisement for the "Walter A. Wood’s Mowers and Binders" in which around four dozen Cache Valley farmers endorsed that they had bought one during 1882; among the names were these from Newton:

Peter Larson
Ira Blanchard
Peter Benson
James Christiansen } [the bracket by these two men may have meant they jointly purchased one of the machines]
L. Erikson }
[NOTE: This ad would run several times in the coming issues.]
-- The Utah Journal – June 8, 1883.

* * * *
June 12, 1883 - p. 3 under untitled ads.
"The following are names of parties who purchased from us
    WALTER A. WOOD'S MOWERS and BINDERS in 1882, and to whom we can refer as to the merits of said machines.
    J. W. Nielsen, Trenton, Utah
    Peter Larsen, Newton, Utah
    Peter Benson, Newton, Utah
    C.C. Goodwin } Trenton, Utah
    A. M. Simmonds, ",         "
    Ira Blanchard, Newton.    "
    James Christensen,  Newton. "
    L. Erikson,                  ",       "
 -- The Utah Journal, June 12, 1883.

* * * *
June 19, 1883 - on page 1 and advertisement as follows:

"Stencils"

"Name plates for household articles ten letters or less 50 cents. Each additional letter 5 cents. Box, indelible ink and brush furnished.
Indelible ink 15 cents per bottle.
Sack and box plates from ½ to 2 in. letters
Plates of ¼ or ½ in. letters 5 cent per letter.

A. P. Welchman
Newton, Cache Co. Utah"

Page 3 in an article entitled "Cheaper Transportation"

Covered the cost of transportation by rail into Idaho and on to Montana and suggested the present line was not the shortest or best route. The best way from Ogden would be to Brigham City then up Box Elder canyon to Mantua and over the mountains to Wellsville on the Providence and then Logan --- "From Logan the route taken would doubtless be via Benson, Newton, Clarkston, Weston, Clifton and on to Oxford." Where another line would go to Boise.. . .

-- The Utah Journal – June 19, 1883.

* * * *

In this issue the newspaper posted a notice of a change in their publication dates due to a alteration in the railroads schedule – the paper would henceforth come out on Wed. and Sat.

* * * *
July 18, 1883 - page 1 posting of mail service from Logan –

Mail closing for Benson, Trenton, Newton, Clarkston – Tuesday and Friday at 6:30 p.m.

Precinct officers – Newton -- Justice of the Peace – Wm. H. Griffin

Constable – Hans P. Larsen
-- The Utah Journal – July 18, 1883.

* * * *
July 21, 1883 - page 3 under "Ratification Meetings" – for a proposed constitution for Utah -

"The following program of ratification meetings has been prepared and speakers selected under the auspices of the County Central Committee of the People’s Party.

NORTH
Hyde Park Monday, July 30 th , 8p.m
Smithfield Tuesday, July 31 st , 8p.m.
Lewiston Wednesday, Aug. 1 st , 2 p.m.
Richmond Wednesday, Aug. 1 st , 8 p.m.
Newton Friday, Aug. 3 rd , 2 p.m.
Trenton Friday Aug. 3 rd , 2 p.m.
Clarkston Friday Aug. 4 th , 8p.m.

[listing for south]
"Speakers J. T. Hammond, R. F. Cummings, Jr., Jos. A. Smith, I. C. Thoresen and Samuel Odham.

"The party will be divided between Trenton and Newton on Friday afternoon Aug. 3 rd ."

[ No mention of the wrong date for the Clarkston meeting; this notice without correction was printed in later papers.]
-- The Utah Journal – July 21, 1883.

* * * *
July 21, 1883 - doctor advertisements on the front page of the newspaper showed the following:

Dr. F. S. Easton -Physician & Surgeon Franklin, Idaho
Dr. W. S. Norcross -Physician & Surgeon Logan, Utah
Dr. O. C. Ormsby -Physician & Surgeon Logan, Utah
Dr. Wm. H. Behle -Physician & Surgeon Logan, Utah
Hitchcock & Stover – dentists.

Also on page 1 – a repeat of the "Stencils" ad. by A. P. W.
-- The Utah Journal – July 21, 1883.

* * * *
July 28, 1883 – on page 2 the following:

"Notice

Dr. L. Berg informs his friends that he has returned from his southern trip, and will be pleased to see any of them requiring his services.
Logan, July 27 th , 1883." [Dentist see Aug. 8, 1883]
-- The Utah Journal – July 28, 1883.

* * * *

August 8, 1883 - page one – an advertisement for –

"Dr. L. Berg - Dentist."
Also another Stencils" ad from A. P. Welchman of Newton.

Page 2 -- Quarterly Conference for the Cache Valley Stake held in the Logan Tabernacle on Saturday Aug. 4 th and Sunday the 5 th .—during the Sat. meeting the following gave reports when called upon—
Bishop Thomas E. Ricks reported on the condition of the Saints in the Snake River settlements.
Bishop G. L. Farrell of Smithfield
Bishop W. F. Rigby – "of Newton stated that he had been absent from that ward for some three months, and was not prepared to give a report of it. He would, however, add his endorsement of what Bishop Ricks had said of Bannock ward. He then proceeded To supplement Bishop Ricks’ remarks about Snake River Valley, and to give an account of the Saints there, and a detailed description of the country."

In the Sunday morning session Bp. W. F. Rigby gave the benediction.
-- The Utah Journal – Aug. 8, 1883.

* * * *
August 29, 1883 - page 3 under no headline –

"CHAPTER OF ACCIDENTS.—Under date of Aug. 27 th , our regular correspondent

A. P. W. writes us from Newton as follows:
"Henry Rigby, some twelve years old, son of our Bishop, met with an accident lately. He was riding upon a hay rake, having his little brother with him, whom he was holding on the rake. The horse ran away with them. Master Henry had the presence of  mind, and courage to throw off h is younger brother clear of harm. But, he himself was considerably scratched and bruised about the head and face, receiving one long and ugly flesh wound upon the head. It is thought he would have been less hurt but for his praiseworthy efforts to save his brother. The supposition is that, in passing through a willow patch a stinging cut from one of the willow switches started the animal to run. The rake was completely demolished.

"Some time since Mr. W. A. Sheppard returned from the north, whither he had been working, with a foot very badly cut.

"Mr. Marten Larsen, also, lately received a severe bruise upon his leg while teaming.

"The threshing machines have commenced operations; we have two now in our settlement; the Messrs. Griffins, I believe own one bought in this season.

"The grain threshing out rather better than was expected considering the season."
-- The Utah Journal – Aug. 29, 1883.

* * * *

September 1, 1883 – under page 2 "Local News" – The Utah Journal used some of its space in describing some of the its correspondent or contributors to this newspaper—

"C.C.S. of Hyrum furnishes us regularly with the news and interesting gossip of that thriving city. He is brief, terse, and pointed and gives a variety of items in a single letter. T. B. of Wellsville is less terse, but faithful in detail and accurate in statement. A. P. W. might condense with advantage but his is clear, explicit and usually interesting, and writes with considerable literary finish and with grammatical accuracy. Exit of Richmond has furnished us some letters that are good models for a country correspondent to the home paper. He is tedious, though always explicit. He states facts, omits comments, uses plain language, says what he means in a way easily understood, and his MS requires little editing. L.B. N. of Franklin has talent which should be used oftener, and of a certain young man in Hyde Park who has occasionally dropped us a line, the same may be said with emphasis.

"Now we think it is more than right that these correspondent should receive the credit that is due them. They are benefactors to the towns in which they reside. . . ."

On page 3 with no headline –

"CLARKSTON ITEM.—Under date of August 29 th , our correspondent,

A. P. W. writes as follows:

"The health of the people of Clarkston is good. The harvesting-home is not quite finished. The grain crop is considered light. Everything is quiet. Some private improvements are manifest, among which may be mentioned two very attractive frame houses lately erected—one by John Burt and the other by Mr. David Buttars; and a very neat little house built of faced rock by Mr. Ole A. Jensen. By-the-bye, brother and sister Buttars are enthusiasts to the payment of tithing, and attribute the prosperity which has enabled them to rear the comfortable home which they now enjoy to the fact that they have striven faith- fully to observe this law of the Lord. Probably others might emulate their example advantageously by accepting the scripture invitation: ‘Bring all the tithes into the store-house, and prove me herewith, saith the Lord of host, if I will not open to you the windows of heaven, that there shall not be room enough to contain them."
-- The Utah Journal – Sept. 1, 1883.

* * * *
September 15, 1883 – page 3 under "Newton Notes" –

" NEWTON NOTES"

"References to Matters More or Less Interesting"

"EDITOR JOURNAL:--This morning one would heartily have welcomed the veritable down east Yankee, with his proverbial lever with which to pay old Sol, over our eastern range, for lo,--the sun not the Yankee, seemed unusually dilatory in his movements, and no wonder for the ‘cold chilly winds’ of September, would undoubtedly incline anyone to exclaim, ‘A little more sleep, and a little more slumber, and a little more folding of the hands to rest [?].’

ROADS

"In passing through the Hyde Park lane where the road is now comparatively smooth and firm, we involuntarily thought of the past when ‘in the early spring-time we sought but never found’--bottom. Bye-the-by we hear whispers floating on the summer air that an appropriation is in contemplation for the benefits of you travelers from beyond the Bear. So vote [?]it be and your petitioners, as is duty bound will ever pray for the extended corporosities [sic] of the worthy members of our county court. It is not practicable to select a new, a shorter and a better route from the Bear river bridge to Logan. Let the parties interested give the matter thought and practical attention.

Threshing in Newton is progressing favorably, but grain does not shell out from the thresher as liberally as was at first expected. Two machines are now running.

SICKNESS

"There is more ill health in Newton now than has been for some time. Mr. Alfred Goodsell has had a severe time during the last two weeks. His family has been suffering from what some pronounce diphtheria. All of his six children have been subject to the malady, and two fine boys have been carried to the graveyard. The four remaining ones are now considered on the way to recovery. Mr. James Christiansen has had a little girl attacked with the same disease, but by the blessing of God and prompt measures she is supposed to be out of danger.

"Summer complains are also somewhat prevalent. Eating fruit, unripe, in undue quantities, and as unseasonable times is an undoubted source of these latter afflictions.

When we notice young persons thus indulging get us raise the warning, 'Look out boys and girls, cholera moslus [?] is larking there.

Yours, etc.,
A.P.W.
-- The Utah Journal – Sept. 15, 1883.

* * * *
September 19, 1883 - page 1 – a "Stencil" advertisement for A. P. Welchman of Newton.

Page 3 - under Y.M.M.I. Conference

"Y.M.M.I. CONFERENCE.--We again remind the Associations of Newton,

Trenton, Clarkston, Weston, Clifton, Dayton, Oxford and Marsh Valley, that a District Conference, embracing all those Societies, will be held at Oxford, at 10 a.m. on Sunday, Sept. 23rd. Officers should made it a special point to attend, and as many members as possible should be present."
-- The Utah Journal – Sept. 19, 1883.

* * * *
September 26, 1883 – The Utah Journal, Sept. 26, 1883 - p. 3 -"Fallen Bridge"

"FALLEN BRIDGE.--Last Sunday night a herd of cows were crossing Bear river bridge when they were scared by a dog. The frightened animals rushed to one side of the bridge when it tipped and fell into the water. Selectman Turner, on Monday morning, put a gang of men at work to remove the debris, and prepare the spot for the erection of a new bridge, the timber and lumber for which is being sawed.

"The accident shuts off team traffic between the settlements west of the river and Logan. Work on the new bridge will be pushed with all speed."
-- The Utah Journal – Sept. 26, 1883.

* * * *
September 29, 1883 –

Sept. 29 p. 3 - "Y.M.M.I.A. CONFERENCE

Re-Union of Societies in the North West Part of the Stake

"On Sunday last at Oxford was held a district conference of Y.M.M.I.A. embracing the Societies of Newton, Clarkston, Trenton, Weston, Clifton, Oxford, Dayton and Marsh Valley. All of these were represented except Newton and Trenton."
-- The Utah Journal – Sept. 26, 1883.

* * * *
October 10, 1883 –page 3 - "SNAKE RIVER VALLY"

A counnies[?} Abounding in Attractions for Settlers

"EDITOR JOURNAL.--Last Sunday and Monday we had the pleasure, in company with Bishop W. F. Rigby, of a visit to the new settlement of Rexburg, Oneida county, Idaho, on Snake river. On arriving at Market Lake R.R. station at the early hour of 2 o'clock a.m. we were greeted by the jovial son of Bishop Ricks, and driven at a fair rate of speed in an easterly direction about twenty miles to the ferry crossing Snake River . . . . After crossing the river on a flat boat guided with a slant wire cable, we found that day had dawned on us. . . .The five or six miles that intervene between the ferry and Rexburg is covered with an abundance of grass . . . . Arriving in Rexburg at sun rise, we were met by that earnest worker, Bishop T. E. Ricks. . . .At the close of Sunday school we listened to an able address on the Latter-day work by Bishop Rigby, followed by brothers Parker, Holman and Bishop Ricks."
-- The Utah Journal – Oct. 10, 1883.

* * * *
October 13, 1883 - p. 3 - "Bear River Bridge"

"BEAR RIVER BRIDGE.—During the past week work has been pushed vigorously on this structure. The workmen have labored on it, rain and shine, and it is now well night completion. By Monday next it will be ready for team traffic."
-- The Utah Journal – Oct. 13, 1883.

* * * *
October 17, 1883 - page 3 in "Items of Local Interest"

"TRAFFIC is passing over Bear river bridge, though the structure is not yet completed."
-- The Utah Journal – Oct. 17, 1883.

* * * *
November 7, 1883 – page 3 under "Clarkston" –

"We feel to thank our selectmen for their promptness to replace the Bear river bridge and hope they will continue their good work so we can come to Logan without having to take four horses to pull and empty wagon."
-- The Utah Journal – Nov. 7, 1883.

* * * *
November 17, 1883 - page 3 -

"SCHOOL TEACHER WANTED

Wanted a competent male teacher for the Newton School District. Apply to J. H. Barker, Z.C.M.I., Logan, or the school Trustees, Newton, Cache County."
-- The Utah Journal – Nov. 17, 1883.

* * * *
December 19, 1883 –

The Utah Journal - December 19, 1883 - page 3 – "A Dog-Goned Nuisance.

Serious Complaints Against Sheep-killing Dogs and Snapping Curs.

"EDITOR JOURNAL.--The dog question was agitated some time since in your columns. I beg leave to introduce the subject again.

"The dogs of Newton, or some of them--for I do not wish to brand an innocent dog even as being guilty, for dogs have rights, if ‘Mormon’' have none;--have been raiding upon the sheep. Some fifteen head, I am informed, have been killed.

"Now, if it is not known, it should be, that one sheep murdering dog will speedily demoralize a whole community of canines whose characteristics have heretofore been unimpeachable.

"The writer well remembers that, when a boy and while residing in the state of Maine, the sheep killing __?_ prevailed to such an extent spreading from dog to dog, from neighborhood to neighborhood and even from county to county, that the farmers were at length compelled in sheer defense to organize a war for their extinction.

"But sheep killers are not the only nuisance, which of a right ought to be declared such, and dealt with accordingly.

"I know an individual and an honorable man forsooth, who keeps a dog which is a terror to his visiting friends; and the honorable gentleman is fully aware of the fact, for more than one person has complained to the owner of having been attacked by the brute. And yet the dog parade about unkilled and unchained.

"I do not think the question as to whether that dog has fatally bitten any son or daughter of Adam is a pertinent one in the premises, because I hold very much to the opinion of the irrepressible Irishman that 'you may as well kill a body out-right as to scare a body to death alone .

"During the past year the calves of your humble scribe, (I mean those appertaining to his own nether limbs, than which there are none dearer) have twice suffered from the fangs of some of these abominable little curs, which some people calling themselves white delight to maintain upon their premises, to the great discomfort of innocent peddlers and canvassers; book, book, life, land, and fire insurance agents, and others of the itinerant fraternity. I maintain that there is at least a degree of innocence even in some of this much abused class of the genus homo.

"Now, my dear Journal I wish through your well read columns, to ask of the obstinate keeping of these sheep-killing, friend-scaring, calf-nipping canines are not a soul harrowing example of ‘man's inhumanity to man.’ In behalf of the sufferers in this doggoned cause, I do most earnestly appear to our large hearted legislators, that when in solemn assembly they next meet they will enact such laws, or so amend existing ones, as to afford ample protection to the sufferers aforesaid. And so may it be.

Manikin.
Newton, Dec. 14, 1883. -- The Utah Journal – Dec. 19, 1883.

* * * *
December 29, 1883 – page 1 –

"Precinct Officers"
Newton - Justice of the Peace - W. H. Griffin
Constable - James P. Jensen

Logan Post Office Time Table
Mail closes --For Benson, Trenton, Newton, Clarkston, Tuesdays and Friday at 6:30 p.m.

* * Same Dec. 29th issue on page 3 - getting lost in a snowstorm in the Newton area -

"ADVENTURES IN A SNOW STORM.--During a severe snow storm that prevailed on the west side of Bear River during Christmas day a son of John H. Barker of Newton started out after some horses that had got away. He at length got lost. After wandering around for a time he struck Clarkston creek which he recognized. He attempted to cross it but the snow over the water gave way and he fell in. He extricated himself and followed up the creek until he came to the wagon road which he followed until he reached Clarkston. Two of Bishop Jardine’s boys started to accompany him back to Newton. The party missed the road and got lost. They found the road again at length, and also found an elder brother of the boy who was first lost out looking for him. The two Barker boys then went home to Newton and Bishop Jardine’s boys returned to Clarkston. It was quite an adventurous day with the boys."
-- The Utah Journal - December 29, 1883

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Updated: 02 Aug 2010


Copyright 2006 by Larry D. Christiansen
Produced for Cache Co. UTGenWeb