Trenton, Utah, USA

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Boom to Bust in Trenton: Apples, Cereal Factory and Home Sites for Ten Thousand

Foreword and newspaper extraction by Larry D. Christiansen

The initial two, long newspaper articles that follow give some essential background information regarding the investment or speculation proposition that focused on Trenton for over a decade, beginning about 1906. In addition they provide an insight of this phase of the community's life from the viewpoint of the promoters through the writers (neither of which were identified by name). Both were caught up with what was happening to the point that what was written was not always fact but a combination of hopes, dreams and claims. The impetus for the movement was the completion of the West Cache Canal wherein a grand design emerged to take advantage of the move from dry farming to irrigated agriculture with a focus on apple orchards and home sites on easy appealing terms and conditions. The latter included having the apple trees planted and cared for until the new owners took charge. A second element was announced in print that a manufacturing plant for cereal would be built and provide jobs for hundreds. The parameters broadened to encourage others to join the migration to the west Cache land of promise in whatever suited their fancy for the proposed settlement could provide for upwards of ten thousand residents. Along the way the primary boosters would progress from the Trenton Land and Investment Company to United Development Association from Salt Lake City and, when things began to sour, finally to West Cache Land Company and Inter-Mountain Realty Company. In the end any realty company or individual who could advertise and sell could engage in Trenton property.

The promoters, in over-selling their proposition' were long on promises that the move to Trenton would be easy, profitable, an investment to a new way of life, and the best way for home-seekers to achieve their goal. Among the key words was 'guarantee' used in the promotional articles, and fail safe to the extent that owner of orchards could plant other crops such as sugar beets and potatoes between the rows of apple trees until the orchard reached a productive stage. With 14,750 apples trees planted and another 15,000 planned, the project was cast as scientific with careful systematic planning. With this and a host of other reasons, the boosters were sure the growth of Trenton would be immense and rapid with the doubters being told to come and see for themselves. As a catch all, the promoter cited the cereal factory 'alone guarantees the future of Trenton.' Few, if any, factories received more notice that land had been obtained, blueprints and drawings of the building made and included a visit from the board of directors of the factory, ground-breaking, leveling and a completion date without the words turning into bricks and mortar on the ground. No easy explanation has been found for the cancellation of the factory at Trenton, but possibly the food company saw an unraveling of the much touted Trenton apple proposition before others did.

Many who bought into the concept came to believe it was a scheme to defraud the gullible investors and sought legal proceedings in unsuccessful attempts to regain their losses. Others believed the promoters possibly over-sold their proposition and were ill-prepared to carry though their model orchard idea via the easy payment plan as overhead expenses plus charges for land, trees, equipment and personnel took away the hoped-for-profits because not enough people bought into the plan fast enough. Whatever, the following Section I and Section II materials will provide a journalistic glimpse of some of the important features of this development idea or scheme.

* * * *

SECTION I :

The first article comes from the Deseret Evening News of May 30, 1908, in a full page coverage that included three pictures (1. Officers and Directors of Trenton Land and Investment Co.; 2. O.S.L.R.R. station at Trenton with a train; 3. A picture of several fellows thinning sugar beets.). As a note of caution the writer's manner of relating his account can be confusing, especially where dialogue was used in the account, and worse, there were some composition difficulties and misplacement in the long newspaper article.

The second article comes from The Inter-Mountain Republican (Salt Lake City) of August 23, 1908, in a long article on 'Trenton.'

* * * *

"Trenton, the Eden of the West: Great Opportunities for Investors."

''The wilderness and the solitary places shall be glad for them; and the desert rejoice and blossom as a rose. 'If the prophetic eye of Isaiah looked through 3,000 years of time and saw that part of the world which is not Utah, his vision has come true. . . .  'From the time that Brigham Young entered the Salt Lake valley and said 'this is the place' until today, the wisdom of his choice is known to all who care to take the time to study, and it will take but little time to prove that he was right.  'Wonderful indeed has been the transformation. Even the last 25 years, which length of time is within the memory of the writer. And more wonderful still will be the transformation within the next 25 years, nay within the next 10 years. . . . "

"INTO THE GRANARY OF UTAH."

"As the traveler from Salt Lake City or Ogden goes north to Idaho, Montana. . . . Passing along, he emerges into another valley, Cache valley, and a short time later the conductor announces next stop Trenton. Before telling the story of Trenton, let me digress long enough to say a few words about Cache valley, the most productive valley not only in Utah but in all the intermountain country. . . . In the early sixties, Brigham Young visited the valley . . . .  During that visit he said that there was no more beautiful valley in the world, that some day it would grow wheat enough to feed more people than any other valley in the then territory . . . . [and] he prophesied that all of the dry bench land of the county would one day be brought under cultivation, and . . . irrigation. The former prophecy has been fulfilled and the latter is fast becoming a reality...."

"A FORMER TRIP RECALLED."

"Sixteen years ago the writer made a trip from Salt Lake City to Idaho and return. . . .  He also remembers that a few minutes after the train had left Cache Junction a stop was made to let a passenger off at a point where there was not even a platform, and that in answer to a question the conductor informed some of us that that place was 'Trenton,' 'that place' was a byword with us tired travelers for a few hours, every time the train stopped we remarked 'another Trenton.' For Trenton 16 years ago to a through traveler on a belated train was not a very inviting spot. True here was plenty of land, and a few farms in the neighborhood, but they looked dry and parched . . . . Well, the only way that we could figure out the business of the man who left the train at Trenton was that he was something of an agent with a new kind of graft that he was about to work off on the people who might be found in that vicinity. But Trenton was on the map of the Oregon Short Line with a small 'f ' in front of the name which signified that trains stopped there only on signal. Two years later, still with the memory of that stop, the writer passed through Trenton again. There were a few more farms, more sagebrush had been cut from the land. It looked a little better . . . . Five years later the writer met an old Cache valley settler who had some land in the Trenton district and who insisted that all the district needed to make the best and most productive section of Cache county was water, and he remembers that to that old settler, who knew what he was talking about, the writer said: 'Yes, h--l [sic Hell] might be a good place if it had plenty of water and good society."

"AN OFFER THAT WAS REJECTED."

"Eight years ago the writer visited Lewiston, which is a few miles east of Trenton, and an old friend, who owned land in the Trenton district offered to sell him land at $10 per acre, and said the old man, who was an old settler, 'there is not better land in the world; it will only be a few years before there will be water for all of it and it will be worth at least $500 per acre.['] Had the writer's foresight have been as good as his hindsight at that time he would not have been working for a salary at the present time, but would have been on the highway to a fortune . . . . The offer of $10 per acre with easy payments was turned down."

"A few days ago business called the writer north. His time to a certain extent was his own and so when the conductor announced: 'Next stop Trenton.' Curiosity got the better part of him and he decided to stop off one train at Trenton. . . ."

"The traveler alights from the train at a neat station, with an ample passenger room, baggage and express room, a neat room for the operator and agent, with side [here the text becomes mixed up as it continued with 'since that time I've been putting every stray cent ...' but should have continued with] track for the loading and unloading of freight."

"The way station of sixteen years ago is now a thriving settlement, nay it is more. It is the very center of one of the richest agricultural districts in the world. It has a flour mill with a capacity of 150 barrels which during the last two years has turned out a grade of flour which has no superior in the west. It has a good school and a new and larger school building promised within a year, two mercantile houses, both of which are doing a big business. It has a post office, with a daily mail service, a telephone system by which it is in connection with the entire intermountain country and electric lights and power for all who wish to use it. As the writer looked from the station he viewed hundreds of acres of young fruit trees. 'What kind of trees are those?' he asked the agent. 'Apples, Trenton apples. In five years from now Trenton apples will be known in every part of the United States as the finest apples grown in the world,' said the agent, and he looked me in the eye with a look that said, 'I mean just what I say, and my job don't depend on what I am saying.' 'A lot of trees out there and they all look like young trees,' I remarked to the agent. 'Yes, sir,' said he, 'there is a lot of young trees out there. There are a little over 14,000 of them, all apple trees, all young trees, all planted within the last two years, there are 300 of them.['] [']Got a place here?' I asked the agent. 'Sure' came the slang answer. 'I'd be a fool if I hadn't.' 'Oh, I see, you have got some land you want to sell?' I inquired thinking that the man was a booster for revenue only. The next second I was sorry for what I had said. The man looked me in the eye and said: 'No, stranger, I have no land for sale. I came here about a year ago and ever [composition error and several paragraphs after the "Thinning Beets at Trenton" picture and near the bottom of the page the agent's conversation continues] since that time I've been putting every stray cent that I could save, or borrow in the land around here. I'm not selling any of mine, it looks too good to me. Why, in a few years I expect to quit work and look on while somebody else does the work and I take in the money. Sell my land here, well I guess not, not in the next 10 years at least and by that time it will be worth 10 times what I am paying for it.'

'As I walked out of the station I met my old friend of eight years ago, the man who had offered to sell me land in Trenton at $10 per acre. After a hearty hand shake and an inquiry as to how his family and the writer's were, I asked him in the most innocent way that I could command if he had any land about Trenton. The old man looked at me for a second and then sat down on a railroad truck and almost doubled up with laughter, when he straightened up, still with a grin on his face he said: 'Oh, your [sic] are trying to buy land are ye?  Wouldn't believe me 'bout eight years ago when I said that this land was the best in the valley, and that some day it would be worth $500 per acre, and darn you I offered it you then at $10 per acre on easy payments. You thought that I didn't know what I was talking about. Well, just let me tell you something. I have still got some land here, not as much as I had eight years ago, but sill some, now if you want any of it you will pay me $300 per acre and I don't care if I don't sell it at that price for within five years it will be worth at least $500 per acre.[']

''Remember I told you that in a few years there would be plenty of water for every foot of this land. Well there is, we've got a canal over there that will irrigate all of this land and then some. See that orchard down there, well in five years the apples from those trees will be commanding the best price of any apples in the United States. Why? Because they will be the best apples that are raised, at least they will to the equal of any raised in the world. What did I do with the rest of my land here? Well, I sold it to the Trenton Land and Investment company and I got a good 10 times more for it than I offered it to you for eight years ago, and the company has made what land I still own worth 30 times what I offered it to you.[']

''Better see them if you want a good thing. I'm not selling my land.'

''Who is the Trenton Land and Investment company?' I inquired, 'have they an agent here and what are they doing?'

'NO DECEPTION.

'The Trenton Land & Investment company owns 582 acres of the finest fruit land in the world,' said Mr. Cutler. 'On those 582 acres we have planted 14,750 of the finest apple trees that could be secured. You may laugh at me, but mark my words; within five years the Trenton apple will find a place in every market that is willing to pay the price for it, and that price will be above any now paid in this section of the country and the supply will not equal the demand. This is not all the land that we own, but this is what we have already put in fruit trees. As to water, that magic touch of the west, we own 775 shares of the capital stock of the West Cache Irrigation company, the largest canal in the county, with will furnish water to irrigate 25,000 .[? An abrupt ending with another problem in the article text which went on as "am going to take the story away from him. . . " Picking up the writer's text it states] '. . . am going to take the story away from him. I can tell you something about Trenton just as well as he can and without some of the modesty that he might have to put in.

'It's about three years ago since Tom, (that's what all of us call Mr. Cutler) came to Trenton. I have heard it said that he had been all over the west and that he sold everything when he saw Trenton and said, 'This is the place for me.' If he did, I think that he was right. Before he had been at Trenton a week the old fellows here knew him. He got busy. He went out and told 'em that they had the finest country in the world. They knew that, but they needed to be waked up. He interested outside capital to assist in finishing the canal. He opened a store here, and later another store was opened. Then came the big flour mill which grinds a flour that has no superior in the state. Next they got a fine passenger station here, where the through trains on the Short Line stop. Then came a postoffice with daily mail. Next come electricity, to operate the flour mill and light the home of the people. Then came a telephone connection by which they could talk with anyone in the intermountain country just as well as they can from Salt Lake City.

[Next part starts with no left side indentation and may entail a composition error] '[']Answering your second question first I would say that the company has started out to make Trenton the garden spot of the state. What their plans are they can tell you better than I, but if they keep at it the next five years as they have the last two years they will make Trenton one of the most desirable places in the west to have a little home. Your first question, 'who is the Trenton Land and Investment company has already been answered in part. The officers of the company are Charles A. Smirthwaite, president, Thomas H. Cutler, vice president, William F. Toller, secretary and treasurer, Alfred Smurthwaite and Roy N. Rasmussen, directors and T. D. Johnson counsel. If you know any of them you know that they will do what they say. By the way,' said the old man 'you will find Tom Cutler over there in the big store. We all call him Tom here, for we all like him. He's done a whole lot for this part of the country in the last three years,' with a parting good bye the old man climbed into his wagon and said: 'Better get in on Trenton land now and not wait another eight years, you won't have money enough then to buy one acre.' It was a mean shot but it was merited and I had to stand for it.

"The officers of the company as named by my old friend were familiar names to me. I had known 'Charlie' Smurthwaite and his brother Alf for over 20 years. . . . Years ago, Alf and the writer worked for the same company. . . . After a trip through Cache county for the firm for which we worked, Alf said to the writer: 'Cache county is the finest county in Utah, and if I ever get money enough ahead of my expenses I am going to put every cent of it in Cache valley lands.' For the last 15 years 'Charlie' Smurthwaite has been one of the leading grain buyers in the west.

'The writer needed no introduction to Mr. Rasmussen, Mr. Johnson or Mr. Toller. He had met all of them, the first named is the horticultural inspector of Weber county and in his official capacity has made a most enviable record. T.D. Johnson is one of the best known members of the bar on the state. Mr. Toller is secretary and treasurer of one of the largest produce companies in the west.

"But it was 'Tom' Cutler, 'the man on the ground,' that my old friend had advised me to see. I had never had the pleasure of a personal acquaintance with Mr. Cutler. All of his friends call him 'Tom' and before I had been with him a half hour I fell into the same familiarity. Before I left Salt Lake City for the trip north an old friend said; 'If you stop off at Trenton see Tom Cutler.' Since my visit to Trenton I have learned from a source other then Mr. Cutler that he has traveled every part of the west and visited every valley in Utah and finally decided to cast his lot at Trenton.

"The writer found Mr. Cutler as his store. He was busy waiting on a customer. Coming from behind the counter the genial merchant said. 'Now sir, what can I do for you?' The question stumped me for a moment. Really I hardly knew what he could do for me. Finally I said; 'Just stopped off between trains. An old man down at the station told me that you had some of the best land in the west here and told me to see you about it.'

'And 'Tom,' bed [sic- beg] pardon, Mr. Cutler, told me about the Trenton Land and Investment company project.

'I told Mr. Cutler at the outset that I might not buy a foot of land. 'Don't care if you don't, but if you are looking for a good investment or for a place where you can make your home and in a few years be independent you will do well to hear what we have to offer.[']

['']It is the best shipping point for a large part of the richest district in Cache county. Last year they shipped from Trenton 410 carloads of wheat along. The Amalgamated Sugar company has established at Trenton the largest beet dumping platform in the state and soon we will have a sugar factory over on this side of the county. I know what I am talking about. The site for the factory has been selected and while you may think that I am 'stringing' you I know that a little over half of the capital stock for the factory has already been subscribed, and why not? Last year the beet land of Trenton netted at high as $85 per acre, and this year the Trenton district has planted 10 per cent of all the best and in Cache county. The orchard that you have just visited will soon be the finest in the state, and the Trenton apple will be widely known, because very one of those trees are going to be carefully tended, and they are the best trees that can be purchased. They are adapted to this soil, and climate, are going to pay $500 per acres for every acre before seven years has passed and after that they are going to pay more than that.'

''Now, sir,' said he, 'I want to prove to you that there is money in apples and that the only reason that the people of this state have not made money in the raising of apples is because they have not tended to the industry in the right way.' Here is a clipping from a Salt Lake paper. It is headed 'Growers of Utah Neglect an Opportunity. They allow other states to supply the market that should be all their own.'

'It tells the story of thousand and thousands of boxes of apples being shipped into Utah every year where there ought to be enough raised in this state not only to supply the local demand, but to ship to other states. It quoted State Fruit Tree Inspector John P. Sorenson, who said: 'Utah has as good climate as any state in the Union for the raising of apples and the only reason that the state is not sending apples to nearly every part of the Union is because the people of the state have not paid the proper attention to the raising of apples.'

''Now,' said the old man, 'the soil and climate at Trenton are particularly adapted to the growing of apples. It is a deep, rich, sandy loam, without stone or alkali and there is plenty of water for every acre of it. But it was of the possibilities of Trenton as an apple raising district that I wanted to talk. Here is a part of a report from Roy N. Rasmussen, horticultural inspector of Weber county: 'I have examined the land at Trenton and find the soil second to none for fruit growing, such as apples, pears, plums and small fruits. . . for sugar beets, grain and alfalfa. I have examined the soil, conditions, and location, and my confident judgment is that they are perfectly adapted to the growing of the above mentioned fruits. I have examined the small orchards in the vicinity and find them in a healthy, growing condition . . . recent frosts . . .have done no damage. . . in Trenton.' [']Pretty strong testimony but not too strong,' said my old friend. 'Now,' said he, 'I am going to show you some apple figures which will prove to you that there is money in apples

. . . [Citing examples from the Northwest where apple growers received yields of $775 to $880 per acre and the purchase prices of orchards as several time the price on the Trenton orchards, plus a caution from the Governor of Utah concerning investments in foreign lands.]

'After breakfast the writer and his friend left the farm house for Trenton. As we drove past the orchard of the Trenton Land & Investment company, the writer made up his mind that there was where he was going to put some of his wages for an investment. 'Well, here we are,' said my host, as we drove to the front of Mr. Cutler's store. [']Go in and talk to Tom, he might tell you something about Trenton that I have forgotten,' said my old friend as he bid me good bye.

'JUDGE FOR YOURSELF.

'I found Mr. Cutler in his store, busy waiting on customers. It might appear that the town can support two stores, but the people come for miles and miles to trade her, to get their mail, to talk over the 'phone and to exchange ideas.

'When I got Mr. Cutler to myself, I said: 'Now, please tell me something about Trenton and what if has to offered to the investor.['] [']You, sir, have been in and around Trenton for nearly twenty-four years, and frankly I want to say to you that if you have not seen enough in that time to convince you that it is one of the best places in the west, it is because you have not had your eyes open. I don't know what you have heard about this being the best fruit country in the state, with a young orchard that has no equal. You left me yesterday afternoon to go with an old friend of yours, who has a sort of fatherly interest in the district. But briefly, this is what we have to offer to you or anyone else who wants a good thing. 'The best land in the state, with plenty of water, 14,750 apple trees already planted, and over 15,000 more to be planted with the next year. A little town, with two stores, a postoffice, electric lights and power, a telephone reaching all parts of the intermountain country, a flour mill with a 150 barrel a day capacity, a good school, a fifty-acre town site, with a site for a graded school building, a new $10,000 meeting house, and other church buildings. In the county there is one of the best agricultural schools of the country, where the children of the farmers can be educated almost without cost. We believe, sir, that we have the first opportunity ever offered in the west for the home seeker or the investor. All that we ask is for the prospective buyer to come and see what we have to offer as we are confident that his judgment will do the rest. The company which I represent can offer any man a chance of a life time to make a home or an investment. I do not know what you think of Trenton, the place which within the next ten years will be known as the home of the Trenton apple, but I do know that if you have one one-hundredth part of the faith in Trenton that I have, you would buy land here. And I do know that all we ask is that people come and see for themselves what we have to offer. We do not ask anyone to buy on our word, come and see for yourself. If you know a good thing no agent need talk to you, if you want to ask questions, ask them. We have a good thing, in Trenton the best in the west. We can prove it. All we ask is for you to investigate.'

''But suppose I did not care for fruit land could I purchase anything else here?' I asked. 'Yes, you can be furnished with any size farm that you want in the district. With the new canal, it will be impossible for many of the farmers to tend to the land which they formerly utilized as dry farming land. Much of this land will be for sale and there will be opportunities for the raising of beets, wheat, alfalfa, chickens and dozen other things. Briefly, we off the home seeker and the investor one of the best, if not the best, offers ever made in Utah or the west. All that we ask of the intended investor is to come and see what we have got to offer. We have no fear as to his judgment.'

'Mr. Cutler and the writer left his store for the station, for it was now close to train time. As we walked to the neat little station house, he asked me once more what I thought of the orchard that the company had planted. This was my answer: 'I understand that you are selling that land for $300 per acre, with a guarantee that the trees will be cared for during the time of payment and that the buyer has 72 months to make the payments.['] [']Yes sir, that is right.' I looked into my pocket book; the largest part of the money that I had when I left Salt Lake City was still there. 'Here, Mr. Cutler, is my first payment on five acres of that orchard, send the papers to Salt Lake, and I will sign them.['] That was what the writer thought of Trenton fruit land, after 24 hours of investigation.

'Before closing this article the writer wants to say just a few words about Thomas H. Cutler. He is a boomer and a booster of the real type; there is nothing of the hot air and the 'we have it all' about Mr. Cutler. He is cool and conservative. His chief argument appears to be, 'investigate for yourself.' When he talks to you he looks you in the eye with a something that says, 'Now, Mr. Doubter, tell me where I am wrong?' That was the way that he talked to me, and I started out with the intention of making him wrong, and I left praising the district he represented. My impression of the officers of the Trenton Land and Investment company is that they know that they have one of the best propositions ever offered in the state and they only want the investor to come and see what they have got. If the home seeker or the investor will do that they will do what the writer did, take a few acres of land in the finest fruit district in the state.'

--Deseret Evening News, May 30, 1908.

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From The Inter-Mountain Republican (Salt Lake City), Aug. 23, 1908, newspaper of August 23, 1908, on page 10 a second long article entitled:

'TRENTON.'

'Story of the Making of Trenton, Utah.--How One Man's Work Started a City.'

'That Utah will have a wheat cereal factory with a daily output of 1,000 cases of a pre-digested health food is now assured. It will be located at Trenton, the grain shipping center of Cache valley, and incidentally will be the next step in the growth of a town, little as yet in size, but great in opportunity. The promoters of the cereal proposition visited Trenton last week, talked with the Cache county people, took good, long looks at the great wheat fields with a view of the shipping facilities presented and decided that Trenton was the place.

'To one man this decision was perhaps more welcome than to any other in the state. He is Thomas H. Cutler, the founder and father of Trenton, formerly actor and poet, but now, town builder and scientific farmer. It is of him, his town and opportunity that it presents to the homeseeker that the following story will tell. It was learned first hand by a party of Utah boosters who, as Mr. Cutler's guests for two days, had ample time to acquire a little of his love for Trenton and for Cache valley, the 'Granary of Utah.'

''Farm and orchard lands for sale here. Before buying a home see Trenton first. T.H. Cutler.'

'Passengers on the Oregon Short Line at a point 57 miles north of Ogden see this sign day after day. Some smile as they look at one flour mill, three stores, a school house, blacksmith shop and perhaps 10 little homes.

'Others do not. They see a rich soil, beautiful valley, a big irrigation ditch, vast expanses of wheat, beet and hay fields and around the town rows and rows of apple trees, just planted this spring, but all growing strong and green.

'Those who smile at the sign would cease were they told of this town of Trenton and of T. H. Cutler, the man who put up the sign.

'Born in Wales in 1864, he early came to Utah, working first as a clerk in the Z.C.M.I. He had

dramatic temperament and it finally won him a place on the stage. He was with the original Corianton company and played the principal parts along with the stars of the stage then in the cast. While at Logan in 1904 with his wife and six children, the determination to find a home, a place to live, enjoy life and to bring up the children.

'With this in view, he journeyed over the state of Idaho first and had all but picked out a spot to settle. He returned to Logan, but his wife, strong in her love for Utah, objected to the move because it was out of the state. This was his feeling too.

'And Discovered Trenton.

'He hired horses and with his wife drove out along the Cache valley. Nearing the O.S.L. tracks 18 miles northwest they saw a railway sign board marked Ransom. The location, the exact center of the western part of Cache valley, the big irrigation ditch being dug by the farmers higher up to the west, the black soil growing sage brush higher than the head, were all taken in. He stepped from the carriage and looking at his wife, said:

''This is the spot where we will make our home.['] The next day, June 4, 1904, his birthday, he set the first spade in the soil starting the cellar of a store.

'In this way was Trenton'the name of Ransom was changed'given its start by Thomas H. Cutler.

'To build and improve the town was the next step. With the store completed'the family lived in the back'the Bell telephone was installed at an expenditure of $500. The railroad officials were seen and taken over the land. The great saving to the ranchers in hauling their produce to Trenton instead of to Cache Junction, cutting off many miles, was pointed out. They consented to put in a station and to make a freight rate, now the lowest in Cache valley. With the station completed and two trains each day stopping at the former sign of Ransom, a postoffice was established at the store with T. H. Cutler, the postmaster, handling two daily mails.

'Flour Mill Was Started.

'The postmaster then started a canvas of the ranchers around Trenton, at Clarkston, four miles to the west, and at neighboring centers. As a result a 150-barrel capacity flour mill, the Trenton-Clarkston mill, was built at Trenton in 1906 and every day since then is turning out flour ranking in quality with any in the West, made exclusively from the dry farming wheat gathered from the fields and benches of West Cache valley.

'A school house followed, another store and one or two more families. Then came the great day'the completion of the West Cache canal by the West Cache Irrigation company, an organization composed of the farmers of the district and built by their own hands.

'The water of the canal comes from a primary right to the Bear river, the largest stream in Utah, and is capable of irrigating 30,000 acres. It cost $277,000, less than half of the cost of canals of similar size made in similar districts, a tribute to the co-operative principle on which the farmers worked.

'Held Large Farms.

'It was this canal that made the district and is responsible for the great opportunity now presented to the home-seeker and horticulturist. The farmers of the district all had large holdings, needed in the days of dry farming. These were worked in alternate patches as the dry farming system required, one patch being given a rest one season and worked the next. With the water on the land its productivity was quadrupled and all of the soil could be worked each season. With the lack of help and the inability to get help, the farmers could not till all of their land and today much lies idle, waiting for the husbandman.

'It was here that Thomas H. Cutler again came to the front. He formed the Trenton Land and Investment company of which Charles A. Smurthwaite of Ogden is the president and others of Ogden and Cache valley are interested. T. H. Cutler is the vice president and general manager. The company has a big tract of land at Trenton and also leases from the farmers of the district, so that 10,000 people may find homes and a rich and productive business.

'The company offers to the home-seeker land from orchard tracts already planted at $300 per acres to farming land at $65 per acre. All have perpetual water rights from the irrigation company and the assurances of the best experts in the state that the soil will produce the most profitable crops of apples, sugar beets, wheat grain and vegetables and fruits of all kind.

'With advent of the water it was seen that the land reach by it was being wasted in raising grain and beets. It is now proposed to convert the irrigated lands into orchards with the bench and higher ground left for the day land wheat, the best in the world for flour and cereals. It was by the great dry land wheat field surrounding Trenton that the cereal food factory was inspired and will certainly follow.

'Value of Orchard Lands.

"It is in the orchard land that the great hop of Trenton is placed. Experiments have shown that a small tract of an acre or two will profitably support a family. In Weber county bare orchard land brings from $250 to $350 per acre with water. After two years of growth it is worth $500 per acre and when the trees are bearing $1,000 is the price.

'The same and more is expected of Trenton. Roy N. Rasmussen, horticultural inspector of Weber county, has charge of the Trenton orchard. Planted in May last, the trees have already shown a three-foot growth and at inspection last week not one was found to be dying. Between the rows, beets and potatoes are planted, the income derived from this source being sufficient to support the owner until the orchards reach the productive stage.

'Divided in small sections with orchards and gardens growing, the town of Trenton will be a garden spot. Such is the hope of Thomas H. Cutler, its founder, and the company back of it.

'Cutler Wins Support.

'To meet, to hear Mr. Cutler talk, to have him show you over the land is enough. One does not need to be shown experts' reports or statistics, though they are to be had.

'The railroad men in Salt Lake say that not a day passes but that home-seekers come from the east. They are looking for places to settle, but they are hard to find without means. It is such places as Trenton that will build up the state and for which all are glad to boost, not because of the people who are interested, but because of the results to be had. And it is the Trenton kind of propositions with the easy terms to home-seekers that will solve the problem. A big railroad man in speaking of Trenton, said that he was glad to get in a boost as it offered an avenue of escape from the well worn advice to home-seekers to 'go to Idaho.'

'Ready for the People.

'Of Trenton and its advantages mention is sufficient. The main line service of the Oregon Short Line is at hand. The High Creek Power company furnishes the cheapest electric power in the state. Light in home is sold at the rate of three for 50 cents and may be used day and night at that cost. West of the townsite a half-mile, are springs of the purest water. Mr. Cutler is now working on the water gravity system, which will supply the town for all domestic uses. A map of the townsite has been made with business and residence blocks laid out along the streets, poplar trees planted and a city ready for the people started.

'Last year there were shipped from the Trenton station 487 carload of farm produce, of which wheat and beets comprised the greater part. For this more than $400,000 was paid out by the buyers at Trenton postoffice.

'What this sum will raise to, the future will tell, but those who have seen Trenton are sure that the increase will be immense. With the orchards and gardens growing and the advantage of the main line train service to Ogden, Salt Lake and Pocatello and Butte, the garden produce may reach the cities daily.

'Say Apples Are the Best.

'Of the apples much is expected. The Trenton apple took the first prize at the state fair two years ago and is pronounced to be the finest in the world, not excepting the Wood River, Ida., variety.

'Of the cereal factory much is expected. Its idea originated with C. E. Rhodes of the 'Force,' 'Malta Vita' and other factories. He was called from Battle Creek, Mich., to install the College Kofflet factory at Logan. With his work completed he started to look over the dry land wheat fields of Cache valley from which the Battle Creek factories draw so eagerly. At Trenton he saw an ideal site for a factory. He broached this project to several parties and finally reached the M. and M. association of Salt Lake.

'Trenton Picked for Place.

'The idea at once appealed to the board of directors and Lon J. Haddock was directed to push it. Mr. Haddock interested the United Development company, promoters of the Elk Coal company and the Mexican farm lands project. The people of Cache valley were also interested and Trenton, after a hard fight with Juab county, was finally picked as the place. The district supplies enough wheat annually to run three factories of the kind proposed and furnishes the best possibly quality of the grain.

'It is proposed to interest every merchant in the state in the factory, not only to boost a home industry, but to furnish the breakfast food at a lower cost. One of the chief features that showed the feasibility of the project was the fact that the cost of shipping the wheat from Trenton to Battle Creek and the manufactured produce back was more than the cost of manufacturing the completed product.

'Cost of Running Mill.

'Under the present tentative plans the factory will cost $75,000, with $75,000 needed to buy the wheat and advertise the food. It is estimated that 500 bushels per day will be used the year round. More than 100 hands will be needed to run the plant. The bringing of the plant to Trenton was largely due to the same Thomas H. Cutler and his associates who made the town.

'Of the beauties of Trenton as a home, set as it is on the western slop of Cache valley, the most

beautiful valley in the state, little need be said. The climate is superb with a clear sky and air that cannot be excelled.

'Walking over the fields and infant orchards with an enthusiast like Thomas H. Cutler, who has put his very life and native Welsh spirit in the work, one cannot help but join him in his hopes and plans. There is a certain call of the soil with its breath of future returns that makes one feel that after all the city is not the place.

'Mr. Cutler, is speaking of the place, said: 'We have the land, we have the water; we have everything in fact to make Trenton, but the people. They will come in time, it is certain, and we will find them homes and livelihoods. I have a list now of hundreds of farmers of this district who will give part of their land to settlers in return for a few days' work each week on their land. This course is open to the people who come here without means. To others we have every kind of offer and can guarantee them success.[']

'Believes in the Town.

''Perhaps I talk too much on Trenton, but I am sure of myself and Trenton and know that what I say is right. Since I dug the first spade of dirt here four years ago I have never lost faith in the district. In fact, none could with its growth and the ever increasing assurances that our hopes will be fulfilled.

''Those who come will be welcome and once here they will join with us in our building, which cannot help but prove of mutual benefit to Utah, to Trenton and to ourselves.'

'There are many others equally interested in Trenton, some from other counties and man from Cache county and Logan. Going through the surrounding towns nothing but good wishes and good prospects for Trenton are predicted. All seem willing to boost and drop the rivalry and sectionalism that so hampers the progress of a state. This year has seen lots in the townsite go and surrounding lands purchased. The Trenton company has facts and figures that show great returns from investments made in the district, which, with the water and orchard propositions at hand will increase wonderfully. All who are acquainted with the district say, 'Locate now at Trenton.'

'Always With One Purpose.

'A story in itself is the history of Thomas Cutler and his building of Trenton. It contains much of the spirit of the pioneers that made Utah, and too much in commendation cannot be said. It is the story of hard and earnest effort with an unfailing purpose. With a smile in his eyes, he watches each turning the soil, each new shoot of the trees in the orchard, each new arrival and each new enterprise headed Trenton's way repeating his favorite quotation, 'Now is the winter of our discontent made glorious summer.'

'An active campaign to boost Trenton is now under way. A branch office of the company in charge of Brigham T. Pyper as the Salt Lake agent has been established at 212 Judge building. In the effort to find homes for the home-seekers, to provide investments and to aid in the bringing of the new enterprises to Trenton, the company will be aided by the M. and M. association, the Commercial club of Logan and Utah boosters as well.

''Success to Trenton' alone is heard.'
--The Inter-Mountain Republican (Salt Lake City), Aug. 23, 1908.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

SECTION II --TRENTON ' A few facts along with hopes and hype on Trenton apples, cereal factory, homes and unfulfilled bonanza dreams as drawn from several newspapers at the time with a couple of personal experiences by residents of the area.

May 19, 1880 - p. 14 under "Census Enumerators."

"Cache County . . .Sixth District--John H. Barker. Newton, Clarkston, Trenton, Richmond and Lewiston precincts."
-- Deseret News, May 19, 1880.

July 13, 1881 - p. 1 under "Local and Other Matters."

"Trenton Topics.--E. H. writes from Trenton, a new settlement in Cache Valley, on the 5thinst:

Dry Farming is a success this year.

Grain will soon be ripe, and promises are fair for a good crop.

More settlers are wanted. Plenty of good land untaken, and an abundance of water in Bear River.

An office has recently been opened there and Trenton will henceforth be heard from occasionally."
--Deseret News, July 13, 1881.

Feb. 18, 1885 - p. 9 under "Local News."

"A New Ward.--A new ward was organized at Trenton, Cache Valley, on the 8th
inst. James B. Jardine, son of Bishop Jardine, of Clarkston, being chosen and
sustained at Bishop, and Andrew McCombs and Wm. J. Griffith as Counselors. Andrew
Grey was also selected as clerk."
--Deserest News, Feb. 18, 1885.

March 26, 1896 - p. 3 under "Franklin Fragments."

"On Saturday night the Logan Dramatic company played in the Franklin meeting house,
the beautiful drama entitled, 'The Noble Outcast.' They had a good house considering the
wet weather, and the muddy roads. They all played well, especially Mr. T. Cutler, and
they were applauded many times.
"It was a good entertainment and I hope they were well paid.
Yours, / OBSERVER. Franklin, Idaho, March 23, '96.
--The Journal, March 26, 1896.

April 14, 1898 - p. 7 under "West Cache Canal."

"Co-Operative Enterprise to Water Thirty Thousand Acres.

"Logan, April 13.--County Surveyor Hanson has returned from a surveying trip on the west side
of the valley, where he had been engaged in surveying a new canal route upon which work is to be
begun immediately. The canal will be taken out of Bear river, about three miles below Battle
creek, and will be known as the Trenton and Bear River Canal company. Thirty thousand acres
will be irrigated by this canal, which will be built under the old co-operative plan by the farmer
directly interested, at an estimated cost of $30,000. This is regarded here as a most important enterprise."
--The Salt Lake Tribune, April 14, 1898.

Feb. 14, 1901 - p. 7 under "Our Neighbors."

"Preston, Oneida Co., Idaho, Feb. 8.--

"FINE CANAL PROJECT.

"A large canal is being taken out of Bear river, five miles north of Preston, which has been
pushed very rapidly since October 1st. It will irrigate a large tract of land, known as Trenton,
Utah, and running as far south as Newton. This canal has furnished labor for a great number of
people, and has distributed from $5,000 to $10,000 in cash per month among the people."
--The Deseret Evening News, Feb. 14, 1901.

July 13, 1903 - p. 2 under "Trenton P. O. Discontinued."

"Washington, D. C., July 12.--Harley C. Lee, Scofield, Utah, has been appointed railway mail
clerk. The postoffice at Trenton, Cache county, Utah, has been discontinued. Mail to Ransom."
--Deseret Evening News, July 13, 1903.

Dec. 9, 1904 - p. 7 under "Canal About Completed."

"Forty-Threes Miles Long and Will Irrigate 27,000 Acres of Land."

"Logan, Dec. 7.--The officials of the West Cache Canal company announced the practical
completion of its canal, which was one of the biggest irrigation projects of the state. Most of the
men employed on the big ditch have been paid off, and the last contract will have been finished on
Saturday. What is more, satisfactory financial arrangements have been made, and the company is
now upon a safe basis in the respect.

"The West Cache canal. . . waters the west side of Cache valley. It is forty-three miles long,
eight and one-half feet wide on the bottom, and six feet deep. . . . The West Cache canal is taken
out in Idaho, about five miles north of Preston, and runs down to Newton, Utah. Its approximate
cost is $225,000, and it was built entirely by the farmers owning land under it."
--Salt Lake Herald, Dec. 9, 1904.

Feb. 9, 1905 - p. 5 under "Increase Capital Stock."

"West Cache Canal to Be Pushed to Early Completion."

"Logan, Feb. 8.-- . . . On account of the competition of the big ditch a building boom has set in
on the west side, and the prospects are that the west side will vie with the eastern side of Cache
valley in beauty and productiveness with five years.

"The Utah commercial men, and, in fact, all the drummers making Utah, have decided on June
9 and 10 as the time for their big celebration in this city, and have appointed committees to work
in connection with those of the Commercial club in making arrangements for one of the biggest
celebrations ever seen here."
--Salt Lake Herald, Feb. 9, 1905.

April 5, 1905 - p. 2 under "Business Notes."

"An amendment to the articles of incorporation of the West Cache Irrigation company of
Trenton, Cache county, was filed in the secretary of state's office today increasing the capital stock
of the company from $100,000 to $150,000."
--Deseret Evening News, April 5, 1905.

Dec. 7, 1905 - p. 1 under "Our Sure Crop."

". . . as soon as they finish up the depot now being built at Trenton."
--The Box Elder News (Brigham City, Ut.), Dec. 7, 1905.

July 2, 1907 - p. 10 under "Will Grow Apples."

"The Trenton Land & Investment company, which was incorporated last week, has laid some
large plans for the development of Trenton, the town site of which is located in the Cache valley,
on the Oregon Short Line, fifty-eight miles from Ogden. It is claimed that the land is especially
adapted to apple culture. The company announces that it will have 14,400 trees of a fine
variety of apples planted next fall, covering 300 of the 582 acres owned by the company."
--The Salt Lake Herald, July 2, 1907.

July 2, 1907 '

'T. H. Cutler, who has forsaken Logan altogether and is now a permanent fixture of Trenton,
was in Logan yesterday. Tom is out with the big boost for the west side metropolis, and insists
that Trenton will get vie with Logan for County seat honors. Mr. Cutler is booming a new
enterprise just launched at Trenton and in which he was the original mover. It is the Central
Land and Investment Company which has just been formed at Trenton. . . . Nothing helps a town
Like a few good boosters, and Trenton seems to have some of the real simon-pure sort.'
--The Journal, July 2, 1907.

[NOTE: See item above from The Journal, March 26, 1896.]

March 13, 1908 - p. 7 under "Trenton is Coming to Front."

"Vice-President Cutler Now In Ogden."

"Section of Cache Valley to Become the Model Apple Orchard of America."

"Thomas H. Cutler, vice-president of the Trenton Land Investment company is in Ogden exploiting
the advantages and opportunities of Trenton and the surrounding country, which he claims to be
the most fertile section west of the Mississippi river.

"It was three years ago when Mr. Cutler went to Trenton district and picked out a location for a
mercantile establishment. Nothing then was in sight but sagebrush and opportunity, but by
convincing other people that the sagebrush could be replaced by rolling wheat fields and rich
crops of other farm products hew as instrumental in building a town that today boasts of more
accommodations than any other country town in the Cache valley country.

"In addition to his prominence in Trenton as a business man, Mr. Cutler is postmaster and abstractor.

"The rapid growth of Trenton convinced the settlers that a station was an absolute necessity so,
with characteristic energy, Mr. Cutler was delegated to influence the Oregon Short Line in behalf
of his townsmen. As a result a station was built, which is a serviceable and a valuable asset in the
development of the country tributary to Trenton. It is so favorably located that half of the beet
crop from Preston is brought, each year, to Trenton and shipped to the Preston sugar factory.

"It is the intention of the land company to bring under cultivation a tract of table land west of
Cache valley and watered by the West Cache canal, which includes 25,000 acres suitable for fruit raising, apples in particular.

"Mr. Cutler came to Ogden looking for capital, brain, and industry and he claims that he will
succeed in making Trenton the model apple orchard of America."
--The Ogden Standard, March 13, 1908.

May 30, 1908 - p. 29 under "Trenton, the Eden of the West: Great Opportunities For Investors."

{See under Section I}

July 12, 1908 - p. 23 under "All Eyes Are On Logan."

'Is Being Recognized as an Ideal Manufacturing Center."

"Logan, July 10.--Cache county bids fair to become a center of manufacture for breakfast foods
and prepared cereals. One man has just started a factory and another company is preparing to start
another, while today Ed South of Salt Lake is here looking over the ground with a view to
building a third plant. He belongs to the United Development company, which, with the Mormon
church and Z.C.M.I., has contributed $15,000, or $45,000 in all, which will be used in erecting
the factory.

"Mr. South and his partners are undecided whether to locate in Trenton or at Nephi. They
desire all dry farm grain for their use, and the Trenton section produces more than a quarter of a
million bushels of such grain each year."
--The Salt Lake Herald, July 12, 1908.

July 15, 1908 - p. 2 under "Late Locals."

"Cutler Mercantile Co.--Articles of incorporation of the Cutler Mercantile company, of Trenton,
Cache county, were filed today in the office of the secretary of state. The company will engage in
a general merchandise business, wholesale an retail, and is capitalized for $25,000, divided into
shares of the par value of $50 each. The directors are Thomas H. Cutler, S. J. Major, William F.
Toller, Alexander Chatelain and William H. Rich."
--Deseret Evening News, July 15, 1908.

** [Also in Salt Lake Herald for July 16, 1908.]

Aug. 23, 1908 - p. 10 Under "TRENTON."

{See under Section I}

Aug. 23, 1908 - p. 4 under "Cache Project Proves Surprise.

"Salt Lake Newspaper Men Visit Trenton in Dry Farming Belt."
"Cereal Factory Scheme.
"Big Tract of Good Country Being Opened.

"Logan, Aug. 21.--A party of Salt Lake newspaper men and Secretary Lon Haddock of the M.
& M. association, in charge of T. H. Cutler of the Trenton Land & Investment company, which
has its office in the Judge building in Salt Lake, left here this morning for Trenton, where they
spent part of the day in looking over and sizing up that section of country, which is believed just
now to be on the verge of a boom such as no other place in northern Utah has ever experienced.
For a great many years Trenton was the center of Cache county's dry belt--the headquarters of the
dry farming district of this section--but the completion of the big West Cache canal has opened up
wonderful possibilities for northwestern Cache in general and Trenton in particular, and that
locality promises to become as productive as the east side of Cache, which is famed as one of the
garden spots of the west. Big fruit orchards have been put out since the water became available and
within ten years Cache county will be the principal fruit producing section of Utah.

'CEREAL FACTORY PROJECT.

"But just as present Trenton, and, in fact, the whole county, is very much interested in the
project of establishing a big cereal factory here, and it was with a view of giving the newspaper
men some idea of the advantages that Trenton possesses over other localities for establishing and
maintaining such an industry that they were taken over.

"It is putting it mildly to say that they were very much surprised at the remarkable change that
has taken place and is taking place there; that is, those who were acquainted with the place, and
the others were very much impressed with the great possibilities of that section, particularly with
regard to the enterprise mentioned. They found a big country, one that is well drained, and with
thousands of acres of the most fertile land lying outdoors. It is bisected by the main line of the
Oregon Short Line, and speaking of the railroad calls to mind the evident fact that the company is
quite confident as to the future of Trenton, for it has erected there one of the most substantial and
commodious stations along its route--one not demanded by the conditions prevailing at the time of
its erection.

'CENTRE OF DRY FARMING.

"Lying above and to the west of Trenton are the principal day land wheat fields of Cache, which
annually yield between 300,000 and 400,000 bushels of grain. It is all hard wheat and is in big
demand at the cereal factories, notably those of Battle Creek, Mich., scores of carloads having
been sent out of Trenton to that city last year and for many years past in fact. The proposition now
before the people here is that of establishing a factory to utilize a good portion of this wheat, and
Trenton being centrally located, with first-class railroad accommodations, ample power facilities,
plenty of help, plenty of water and an abundance of land, has naturally been selected. Mr.
Haddock was very favorably impressed with Trenton's claims before going over, but after
inspecting the place he did not hesitate to declare Trenton the finest location in Utah for such an
industry. It certainly has advantages no other section of the county can claim--that was the verdict of all.

"The proposed factory is to cost in the neighborhood of $200,000 and will employ about 100
hands. It will have as its backers the M. & M. association, the businessmen of Cache county and
the Trenton Land & Investment company, which latter is to assume a large part of the burden of
providing a site for the factory and arranging the necessary preliminaries for its installation.
"The thing which the visitors marveled at after viewing this fruitful section was that every day
the trains carry through it many home-seekers going to Idaho, Oregon and Washington, to districts
less fertile and with not one-tenth the advantages that Trenton possesses. They pay nearly or quite
as much for their land as they could get the west side land for, too. Trenton's greatest need is
advertising. It is the land of opportunity in so far as Utah is concerned. No other section rivals it
in the advantages it offers to the home-seeker, the intensive farmer and the capitalist. The fight
Mr. Cutler and his friends are making for the cereal factory is the first notice the other parts of the
country have had that Trenton is on the map, but it is not the last, for there is a crowd of boosters
in the thriving little town whose work will bring big results, for they have the goods and know
how to display them. The visiting boosters returned to Salt Lake on the afternoon train."
--The Salt Lake Herald, Aug. 23, 1908.

Aug. 30, 1908 - p.31 ad.

"FOR SALE--A poor man's chance to get a home. The Trenton Land & Investment company is
offering to the public the choicest orchard and farm land to be found in the country on easy terms.
We are selling town lots for $100.00 that will be worth double in less than sixty days. It is worth
investigating. Call and see us. 212 Judge Bldg. Trenton Land & Investment co."
--The Salt Lake Herald, Aug. 30, 1908.

Sept. 4, 1908 - p. 7 under "Trenton Boosters Now in Salt Lake."

"Brigham T. Pyper and Thomas H. Cutler of Trenton, in Cache valley, were in the city
Thursday in connection with the establishing of a new cereal food factory at Trenton.

"Both men are enthusiastic in their descriptions of the possibilities of Trenton and
are endeavoring to arrange some means whereby the guests of the Labor day booster excursion to
Logan may have a chance to visit Trenton as well. Trenton is about 15 miles from Logan on the
main line and it is not unlikely that the excursion will be made a two-day affair, instead of one, as
originally planned, if it is the desire of the boosters to visit the new townsite.

"According to present arrangements, the special train will leave Salt Lake at 7:30 Monday
morning, and will leave Logan at 8 o'clock in the evening of the same day. A good program of
sports and amusements has been arranged at Logan in addition to the banquet at the Agricultural
college, and the boosters' meeting at the Tabernacle."

**>>> p. 8 ads. same Sept. 4th, 1908 issue.

"WANTED --Young Men of Good address as agents for Farm and Orchard lands; can
make $15.00 per day. Call at once at 212-212 Judge building."

"WANTED --Someone to open livery stable. Where, at Trenton, Cache Valley."

"WANTED --Men and teams at good wages to haul beets. Where, at Trenton."

"WANTED --Single hands at once, good wages paid. Where, at Trenton."

"WANTED --Homeseekers to buy good farms on easy terms. Where, at Trenton."

"CALL 212-212 Judge Building."
--The Inter-Mountain Republican, Sept. 4, 1908.

Sept. 4, 1908 - p. 3 under "Trenton's New Industry.

"Effort to Arouse Interest in Proposed Cereal Plant.

"Several business men from Trenton were in Salt Lake yesterday on business connected with the
proposed cereal plant at that place.

"Trenton will take part in the 'booster' excursion of the Manufacturers and Merchants'
association to Logan next Monday. Labor day, when an effort will be
made to arouse interest in Trenton's new industry.

"It is expected that there will be a large crowd from Salt Lake aboard the 'booster' train to Logan."
--The Salt Lake Herald, Sept. 4, 1908.

Sept. 6, 1908 - p. 32 under "Invade Logan Tomorrow."

"Extensive Arrangements Made by Cache Valley Commercial Club for Entertainment of Boosters.
. . .train to leave SLC at 7:50 a.m. with members of M. & Mo. Association to Logan the
excursionist to visit the AC college. . . .

"Brigham T. Pyper, Thomas H. Cutler and other business men of Trenton, which is twenty miles
from Logan, will make efforts to induce some of the 'boosters' to spend two days in Cache valley,
so that Trenton can be visited."
--The Salt Lake Herald, Sept. 6, 1908.

Sept. 13, 1908 - p. 10 under ads [typical ads that saturated the Salt Lake area.]

"Do You Want to Buy a Farm?"

"Don't go out of the state when you can buy the best land in the west, ready to go to work, with
permanent water rights, at $75 per acre, in the heart of Cache valley. The land is producing $85
per acre this year. Where can you beat it?

"TRENTON LAND & INVESTMENT COMPANY, 212-213 Judge Building.

* * *

"DO YOU WANT TO GET RICH?"

"If so buy apple orchard at Trenton, Cache valley, Utah. It will pay 200 per cent yearly. Your
money back with 6 per cent interest at the end of the first year if you don't like your investment.

"TRENTON LAND & INVESTMENT COMPANY, 212-213 Judge Building."
--Salt Lake Herald, Sept. 13, 1908.

Sept. 20, 1908 - p. 25 under "Trenton Apple Orchards as an Investment.

"Better Than Mines, Better Than Insurance, Better Than Mortgage Loans,
for You Have Them All in One.

"The SECURITY is as good as anything you can get. The RETURNS are as large as any mine in
the country for the amount investor, and you don't have to wait until you die to get big returns, and
it still goes on producing after you are dead, getting better each year. Apple trees will live for an
indefinite period, and the Trenton apple brings the highest price in the world.

"You can get 5 acres of our Orchard (trees almost a year old) for $300 per acres--$60 down, $20
per month for 72 months; and at the end of first years, if you are dissatisfied with your investment,
we will return your money, together with 6 per cent interest.

"Apple Orchard will pay (at 6 years) from $400 to $600 per acre yearly. We get these figures
from Matured Orchards at the present time.

"We have first-class improved farms, with permanent water right, in the heart of Cache valley,
we are selling for $75 to $85 per acre, on easy terms. We sold 500 acres last week. Get in before
it is too late.

"TRENTON LAND & INVESTMENT COMPANY,

212-213 Judge Building.
--The Salt Lake Herald, Sept. 20, 1908.

* * *Repeated the next day...Sept. 21, 1908.

Sept. 27, 1908 - p. 50 under "Home-Builders Are Needed."

"Men, more men! Send us homeseekers. We have the land. We have the climate. We have
the water. We have the resources. But we need men and families to settle up the state, take up the
land, become citizens in this great state and aid the work of making this the greatest common-wealth in the United States.

"Such is the cry of Utah.

"During the last year there has been the greatest influx of Eastern farmers and business men into
Utah that has ever been known . . . . But there are thousands and thousands of acres lying
absolutely idle throughout the state. During the last year thousands of acres of what has been
known as arid land has been opened up by the state land board and private land enterprises, and
most of them have been settled. But there are still great areas, which are being opened as quickly
as possible.

"And what Utah needs is people to fill these farms. . . .

"One of the most recent steps showing the desire of the man who is opening up a large area of
land to bring more people to the state, is seen at Trenton, Cache valley. Three hundred acres have
been planted in apple trees, but the Trenton company refuses to sell more than five acres to any
one purchaser.

"'We could sell the whole 300 acres to one company if we so desired,' says the manager of the
company. 'But that isn't what we want. We want men, women and children. There is great money
waiting for them. We want people. Every family which takes five acres there will become
interested in that district in particular and in the state in general. And we will have many families
of good citizens, brought mostly from the East. It will be the horticulturists of the East who has
made money there but who wants to come to the West who will take up the orchard land. They
are the people we want--the right kind of citizens and plenty of them!' . . . ."
--The Inter-Mountain Republican, Sept. 27, 1908.

Nov. 19, 1908 - p. 10 under "Local Briefs."

"THE CONSOLIDATED Wagon & Machine company brought suit yesterday against the
Trenton Land & Investment company to recover a balance of $2,425 on a promissory note of
$4,925 given to secure payment for agricultural implements."
--Salt Lake Herald, Nov. 19, 1908.

Feb. 23, 1909 - p. 4 under "West Cache Canal."

". . . The greater part of the prime dry farm country under the canal will be planted to beets this
year and from present indications there will be plenty of water which is encouraging to the
farmers."
--Deseret Evening News, Feb. 23, 1909.

July 14, 1909 - p. 12 under "Breakfast Food Plant Planned For Cache."

"Should the plans of several business men of Cache county work out, there will soon be on the
market breakfast food mad from Utah grains and prepared at a Utah plant. The National Food
company, which will manufacture breakfast food and cereals from Utah grains, has recently been
organized, and it is understood that the work on the erection of a $150,000 plant will be started at
once. The plant will be located at Trenton, Cache county.

"The company is capitalized for $400,000. E. R. South is president; W. P. Funk, vice president;
E.A. Culbertson, treasurer; Elias S. Woodruff, secretary. These together with E. R. Mills, J.T.
Corbridge and John L. Smith, will form the board of directors. All the men connected with the
company are well known business men of Cache county."
--Salt Lake Herald, July 14, 1909.

July 31, 1909 - p. 7 under "Growth At Trenton."

"Trenton, Cache county, Utah peerless garden spot of the valley, is receiving new impetus
every day. On every hand the spirit of growth is apparent. Everybody has the spirit of booster,
and according to all reports the place deserves the boost it is receiving.

"Professor Robert S. Northrop, who for the past five years has been horticulturist at the State
Agricultural college, is one of the many men who have great faith in Trenton. He says: 'The
recent contemplated improvements at Trenton, including the lumber yard, wheat elevators and the
breakfast cereal factory of the National Food Co. means that upward of a quarter of the million
dollars will be spent at Trenton within the next year, and means also the employment of many
men. What interests me most is the locality itself. The soil and climatic conditions at Trenton are
simply ideal for apple growing: I never haven seen a better place. That is why I am urging people
to buy a Trenton orchard and to buy it now while value are low.'

"The United Development association of this city, with offices in the Newhouse building own a
splendid orchard, the planting of which I personally advised upon two years ago, and I know
whereof I speak when I say it is a very choice piece of property which is being sold for at least one
hundred dollars an acre less than it is really worth.'"
--Deseret Evening News, July 31, 1909.

August 9, 1909 - p. 8 under "G. A. R. MAN LIKES THE STATE."

"'I have frequently heard that Utah was not awake to its possibilities and that its industries were
decadent,' said a G.A.R. visitor to the city yesterday. 'I expected to find people indifferent to their
advantages but I am most agreeably surprised to find the modern spirit of hustle and enterprise on
every hand. You have a wonderful state here; your mining camps are great wealth producers, yet
your state is not alone a mining state. Your agricultural possibilities are wonderful. I am a farmer
and fruit raised and I think I know what I am talking about when I say that your soil is the finest
for apples I ever saw and Utah farmers will soon find out that apples will net yearly $500 or more
per acre.

"'Cache valley is a beautiful spot and I was much impressed with what I saw of it on a trip I just
made there. I visited Trenton to look at the apple orchards. It is my opinion that Trenton will
quickly become a great fruit center. I never saw better natural conditions for apple growing; in
fact the district is admirably adapted to all kinds of general farming. I visited the place with W. P.
Funk of the National Food company, whose factory is to be erected there. He informed me that
upwards of a quarter of a million dollars will be spent there next year for buildings, including their
factory, one or two wheat elevators and other enterprises. The orchard I saw consisted of two
hundred acres of apples, owned by the United Development Association, 510 Newhouse building,
this city. They are selling it on easy terms in five or ten-acre tracts.'"
--Salt Lake Telegram, Aug. 9, 1909.

Aug. 14, 1909 - p. 14 under "Another Manufactory at Trenton."

"The old proverb, 'To him who hath shall be given,' is exemplified at Trenton. The growth at
Trenton has attracted another factory. Mr. William R. South of Ogden, has installed and is now operating a cement Brick Plant.

"The bricks are made of concrete and present a very handsome appearance. The first output
goes for the erection of a five room cottage for the United Development Association, to be built on
a portion of their Trenton Orchard.

"This company has divided 20 [?200] acres of apple trees into five and ten acres tracts and are
selling them on easy terms to newcomers. The company will care for the orchard until paid for if
desired, turning it over at the agreed time with every tree in good condition. This liberal plan is
attracting many investors who see a chance to invest their monthly savings, secure an orchard,
bring it into full bearing before giving their incomes and then operate it for themselves.

"When one considers that a first class apple orchard will produce $500,000 net per acre per
year, it will be readily understood why this orchard is selling rapidly. About half of the large
orchard is now sold to local people. Salt Lake people alone having purchased 45 acres.

"Prof. R. S. Northrop, formerly Horticulturalist of the State Agricultural College, is associated
with this company, and the orchard is receiving the benefit of his experience and is thriving.

"The United Developement [sic] Association has offices at 510 Newhouse Building this city."
--Deseret Evening News, Aug. 14, 1909.

Aug. 15, 1909 - p. 30 under "Another Manufactory at Trenton."

"The old proverb, 'To him who hath shall be given,' is exemplified at Trenton. The growth at
Trenton has attracted another factory. Mr. William R. South of Ogden has installed and is now
operating a Cement Brick plant.

"The brick are made of concrete and present a very handsome appearance. The first output goes
from the erection of a five-room cottage for the United Development Association, to be built on a
portion of their Trenton Orchard.

"This company has divided 200 acres of apple trees into five and ten-acre tracts and is selling
them on easy terms to newcomers. The company will care for the orchard until paid for if desired,
turning it over at the agreed time with every tree in good condition.

"This liberal plan is attracting many investors, who see a chance to invest their monthly savings,
secure an orchard, bring it into full bearing before giving their incomes, and them operate it for
themselves.

"When one considers that a first class apply orchard will produce $500.00 net per acre per year,
it will be readily understood why this orchard is selling rapidly. About half of the large orchard is
now sold to local people. Salt Lake people alone have purchases forty-five acres.

"Prof. R. S. Northrop, formerly horticulturist of the State Agricultural college, is associated
with this company, and the orchard is receiving the benefit of his experience and is thriving.

"The United Development association has offices at 510 Newhouse Building, this city."
--Salt Lake Herald, Aug. 15, 1909.

Aug. 22, 1909 - p. 36 under "There Must be Merit in Trenton."

"Judged by the activity at Trenton, in Cache county, the future at that very lively place is very
bright. Each week brings reports of new activity. The new cement works already has more orders
for material than can be furnished for some time. There is a demand for labor and every week sees
new faces seeking locations.

"There is a very good reason for this activity. The growth there is constant and substantial. It is
based on the future of Trenton and is normal and healthy, because behind it are natural conditions
which will compel a steady growth. Trenton is the only town in Cache valley situation on the
main line of the Oregon Short Line and at the same time in a central location. It is bound soon to
be the gateway to that most remarkable and wealthy valley. It will become the objective point for
the traveling public because practically every Cache valley town can be reached easily from
Trenton. There is an opening for a good livery stable there now and the man who moves first
will get the business.

"The National Food company is making progress; the indications are they will soon commence
breaking ground for a new factory. This will mean the expenditure of about $150,000 and will
give permanent employment to several hundred hands. This alone guarantees the future of
Trenton. This explains why so many are buying there now. The United Development
association's orchard tract is being rapidly taken. Buyers realize they are not only buying orchard
land, but land that is in reality city lots, for the orchard is right in town, being only two blocks
away from the center.

"The company has issued a folder giving information on many points regarding Trenton. One
can be secured free by writing the United Development association, 510 Newhouse building, this city."
--Salt Lake Herald, Aug. 22, 1909.

* * *[ Article repeated in Deseret Evening News of Aug. 25, 1909, p. 5.]

Aug. 29, 1909 -p. 33 under "Utah Apples Are Best."

"Past experience had proven conclusively to fruit buyers and shippers that Utah apples bring the
highest possible price in the markets of the United States in competition with the best produced
elsewhere. There is a good reason for this. Every one likes apples, we like to sit on a winter's
evening before the fire and in the dark, or near dark, eat several before going to bed. But in the
past we have been afraid to do so because of worms and various other blemishes which are so
abundant on apples produced in a humid climate. This explains why the high and fertile valley
of Cache produces fruit of such fine quality. Why so many are getting into the orchard business
there. And why not? At the present price of orchard land at Trenton one can see opportunity to
make an investment which will bring good returns, even if the land is sold again when bearing
commences. No other form of investment offers such large returns with perfect safety. Trenton
orchards in bearing are worth from $750 to $1,000 per acre. They now well for one-third that
amount, and on terms so easy that small monthly payments will secure one. The United
Development association will sell a five-acre orchard now two years old; will care for it three
more years; guarantee every tree in good condition at that time, and accept payments by the
month.

"Such an investment beats spending one's money in extravagance and means the accumulation
of a modest fortune if followed to its conclusion.

"A care addressed to United Development Association, 510 Newhouse building, will bring a
folder telling all about it."
--Salt Lake Herald, Aug. 29, 1909.

Sept. 5, 1909 - p. 6 under "Incorporations."

"Articles of incorporation of James L. Briggs & Co. were filed with the secretary of state
yesterday. The capital stock is $25,000 at $10 a share, of which $4,080 has been subscribed and
the balance remains in the treasury. The company will conduct a general merchandise store at
Trenton, Cache county. Officers are Charles G. Wood, president; Frank Bair, vice president;
Charles A. Brown, secretary and treasurer; James L. Briggs, manager. These, with B. H. Wood,
comprise the board of directors."
--Salt Lake Herald, Sept. 5, 1909.

Sept. 12, 1909 - p. 32 under "Utah Apples Bring High Prices."

"Nearly everyone east, who has been fortunate enough to secure apples grown in some of the
favored western localities, has notices a difference between them and apples grown in the middle
west. They see at a glance that western apples take on a much brighter color, and if they know the
true difference, they realize that the sugar content also increases. They note the texture and see that
the flesh is firmer than usual, that the fruit has in consequence more carrying capacity and,
summing all these points before them at once, realizes that such apples are worth many times as
much per box as those to which they have been accustomed, and are more willing to purchase
them.

"The Trenton Cache valley orchards are ideally located for fine quality production. The product
from them will yield a handsome yearly return. The United Development association, 515
Newhouse building, will send free full information about apple growing in this great district."
--Salt Lake Herald, Sept. 12, 1909.

Sept. 21, 1909 - p. 2 under "Big Modern Factory Will Be Built at Once at Trenton to Make Cereal Foods."

"Ground will soon be broken at Trenton, Cache valley, for the first cereal food factory in Utah,
which will mark an entirely new departure in the manufacturing field. Plans for this great plant
are now being completed by E. Maeser, a Salt Lake architect. The accompanying picture is a
faithful representation of what the structure will look like when finished. The estimated cost of
the plant is between $80,000 and $100,000. The company back of this big project is the United
Development company, made up of local and eastern capital, with offices in the Newhouse
building.

"The plant will be 65x100 feet and four stories high, with a commodious basement. The
dimensions are exclusive of the boiler house, which is considered separately from the main
building.

"The framework of the building will be of heavy steel. Reinforced concrete and cement brick
will be the principal other building materials used. The building throughout will be constructed
with a view of furnishing the greatest possible resistance to the incessant jar of machinery.
"Promoters are now in the east arranging for shipment of the steel and machinery. The plant,
designed by experts, will be thoroughly up to date in very particular.

"A feature of the plant which is in keeping with the plans of many big factories in the east is the
establishment of rest rooms for the hundreds of employees, many of whom will be girls.

"Plans are also being drawn up for cozy cottages for the superintendent and other officials. The
grounds, especially in front, will be beautified by lawns, flowers, shrubs and trees.

"The plant will be erected on ground near the Oregon Short Line station at Trenton. The
foundation for the building will be in before the heavy frosts come, and it is expected to have the
plant in running order before the middle of next summer."
--Salt Lake Herald, Sept. 21, 1909.

Sept. 24, 1909 - p.1 under "The Utah Budget."

"Between August 1908 and June 1909 the Trenton station on the Oregon Short Line
shipped 331 cars of grain and flour and 125 cars of beets."
--The Eureka Reporter (Eureka, Ut.), Sept. 24, 1909.

Oct. 2, 1909 - p. 2 under "Trenton People Buy Orchards."

"No more evidence of real value can be given respecting the worth of Trenton, Cache county,
orchards than the fact that Trenton people themselves are buying them, the latest sale being made
to Mr. Charles Brown of Trenton. Mr. Brown is the owner of other property at Trenton, and
enjoys the distinction of being the owner of a gas well on his home place near Trenton, from
which he lights his house and cooks his meals. The last feature is another reason why values are
increasing at Trenton. Mr. Brown secured his well while driving for water. He has a good flow of
natural gas, indicating that others may find this valuable flow if they but drive for it.

"The United Development association, rooms 510-515 Newhouse building will mail free to
anyone who requests it, booklets giving information regarding this splendid locality."
--Deseret Evening News, Oct. 2, 1909.

* * * [Article repeated in the Salt Lake Herald, Oct. 3, 1909, p. 36.]

Dec. 18, 1909 - p. 31 under "Openings for Utah Factories."

". . . A Cereal plant is one of the state's latest acquisitions, and next summer will see a big one in
full blast at Trenton, Cache county."
--Deseret Evening News, Dec. 18, 1909.

March 29, 1910 - p. 8 under "Petition in Bankruptcy."

"A petition in involuntary bankruptcy has been filed in the United States district court against
the Cutler Mercantile company of Trenton, Cache county, by the Salt Lake Hardware company,
the Ogden Wholesale Grocery company and the Folger Seed and Produce company."
--Salt Lake Telegram, March 29, 1910.

April 19, 1910 - p. 12 advertisements...

"ACREAGE. . .

"Near Cornish, Utah, 160 acres at $65 per acre, 150 acres cultivated, 10 acres
pasturage. Good water right under West Cache Canal.

"GEO. B. STANDING

Real Estate Broker.

Phones 4391 78 Main St. [Salt Lake City, Utah]
--Deseret Evening News, April 19, 1910.

April 25, 1910 - p.2 under "New Incorporations."

"Articles of incorporation of the West Cache Land company, Salt Lake, were filed with the
county clerk Saturday. The company is capitalized for $30,000, divided into shares of $1 each.
The officers of the company are W. P. Funk, president; E. E. South, vice president; S. L. Richards,
secretary and treasure. These officers with Heber J. Grant and Claude Richards form the
directorate. The company owns a tract of land near Trenton, Cache county."
--Deseret Evening News, April 25, 1910.

May 20, 1910 - p. 11 under "Reports On Liabilities."

"The Cutler Mercantile company of Trenton, Cache county, yesterday filed in the office of the
United States district court, a schedule of its liabilities and assets. The liabilities are placed at
$3,203.19, and the assets, consisting principally of open accounts, $3,124.73. A petition to have
the firm declared an involuntary bankrupt was filed last week by the Salt Lake Hardware
company, the Ogden Wholesale Grocery company and the Vogeler Seed & Produce company, the
principal creditors.'
--Salt Lake Herald, May 20, 1910.

June 6, 1910 - p. 6 under "New Incorporations."

"Articles of incorporation of the National Food company of this city were filed with the county
clerk on Saturday, the capital being placed at $400,000 in shares of the par value of $1 each. The
site for the big plan is on the O.S.L. railway at Trenton, where one of the largest cereal plants in
the world will be constructed. The officers are: E. R. South, president; B. Y. Benson, vice
president; S. L. Richards, secretary; W.P. Funk, treasurer; A. L. Hyer and E. Bergeson are
additional directors."
--Deseret Evening News, June 6, 1910.

June 8, 1910 - p. 8 under "Work On New Cereal Factory Has Started."

"Logan, June 7.--Work has begun today on the new cereal factory at Trenton. This enterprise is
being financed by local, Ogden and Salt Lake capital. E. R. South is president of the company.
The plant being put in will have a daily capacity of 500 cases, and will cost about $100,000. Sites
for the erection of elevators at Trenton and Weston are being selected by engineers representing
J. I. Mullin of Denver, and Ogden capitalists."
--Salt Lake Herald, June 8, 1910.

June 19, 1910 - p. 41 -a full page advertisement in the Sunday paper in two parts.

"Your greatest investment opportunity NOW!"

[Followed by six pictures with captions as:

1). "S. F. Raines - Mr. Raines is a member of the Chicago firm which has contracted
for a minimum of 1,000 cases of factory's output per day for 5 years from the
date of starting factory. Mr. Raines expresses deepest expresses deepest
conviction that this will be a wonderful enterprise."

2). "Freight train passing through National Food Co.'s property--snapped from factory site.

3). [Picture showing ten men in field] "Board of Directors locating site for factory building."

4). [Several team of horses] "Teams ready to being excavation for factory."

5). [Man with team and plow] "The first furrow--the work of breaking ground for the new factory begins."

6). "E. R. South. Mr. E. R. South, president of the National Food Co., whose push and
energy have made this magnificent enterprise possible. Mr. South has best shown
his confidence in the future of this proposition in the amount of time and money
he is putting into it."]

"Something Doing At Trenton

"National Food Company Breaks Ground for Big Factory.

"Officers of Company Decide on Location for Factory.

"The entire personnel of the National Food Co., including all officers and the board
of directors, journeyed to Trenton Thursday and decided definitely on the location for
the factory buildings.

"A spot was chosen on their property lying just next to the R.Rl right of way and less
than 200 yards from the Trenton postoffice. To the north, and less then one hundred yards
distant, is situated the great Trenton Milling and Elevator Co.'s buildings. On the east
lies the town of Trenton, and on the south and west for miles and miles stretch fields of
waving grain--ready for the great factory's use. Truly an ideal location for such a purpose.

"Officers of Company Decide on Location for Factory

"Directly after the location had been decided the plans were opened up, ground staked
off, and the ploughs and scrapers, which were waiting for word, immediately began the
excavations. System prevailed throughout; all was in readiness, and the great undertaking
began its consummation under the most auspicious conditions. That the project will go
through as smoothly and as speedily as it has began is guaranteed by the careful and
systematic manner in which every detail has been planned. The best brains in the country
on the question of growing grains, manufacturing and shipping the product have been brought
to play upon this enterprise, and there is nothing but the greatest measure of success in
sight for all.

"Building Will Be Rushed With All Speed.

"There will be no time lost from now on until the mills and roasters are turning out
the finest breakfast foods and cereal beverages in the land. Mr. Rhoades, the expert
pre-digested food manufacturer from Battle Creek, who has been engaged by this company
to superintend the plant for two years, is even now in the east, purchasing machinery
for equipping the factory. Binding contracts are being signed to insure the Company
that
the machinery and supplies will be shipped to Trenton as speedily as freight
trains can come; A four-story factory building will be in readiness to receive them.
Buildings will be brick, concrete and stone.

"Bonds Are Being Rapidly Disposed Of

"The bond issue of $250,000 is being rapidly taken up and will undoubtedly be
entirely engaged by the first of July; lowest denomination will be $500; and a
premium of $62.50 in preferred stock will be issued to each purchaser of $500 in bond.

"The officers and board of directors are all well known business men, and the
character and reliability of the Company is vouchsafe for by bank references,
which will gladly be shown to any interested parties.

"Offices of the Company are at 501 Newhouse building, Salt Lake City. Bell phone 2297.

"Full particulars and information gladly supplied. Write for free booklet."

_______________________________________________________________________________

"New Trenton Addition -- Greatest in Utah

"1000 Acres of Choicest Wheat, Apple, Fruit and Beet Land in the state offered while
prices are minimum.

Apple Orchards

"160 acres of three-year old apple trees--Ganos, Jonathans and Mammoth Black Trig--Best Varieties
in the world--Best orchard property in the state. Right on the trunk line of the O.S.L. More money in apples than oranges--buy at bedrock prices. $300 an Acre

$500,000 in Wheat Shipped From Trenton Last Year. Never a Crop Failure."

[Picture of house under Construction]

"Building on our property now in course of construction. An ideal city for homes.

Farming Lands

"900 acres of choicest farming lands in Cache Valley--Never a crop failure. This great factory will enhance valuation of property 200 per cent. Secure a 10 or 20 acres farm now --a lifetime income thereby guaranteed. Prices quoted now--$100 to $125 Acre.

Flour Mills/Canneries/Condensed Milk Factories/ Elevators All in Locality.'

"Great Cereal Food Factory will mean the building of a large city at Trenton. Our property
begins within a hundred yards of Trenton's main street. Factory will employ 200 people--
which means a city of over 1,000 directly in connection with factory. Factory is in center
of our property. City lots will be sold immediately adjacent to factory, and orchards and
farms will surround them. An ideal prospect for an ideal community. Wise investors and
home-seekers will see the wisdom of securing first pick before the factory begins operations--
It will mean thousands of dollars to the early buyers. Investigate now--get in on the
ground floor--your opportunity to succeed."

WEST CACHE LAND COMPANY

W. P. Funk, President and Manager Address 501 Newhouse building, Salt Lake; or Trenton, Utah
--Salt Lake Herald, June 19, 1910.

Aug. 27, 1910 - p. 3 advertisement...

Before Buying an Apple Orchard
See the Trenton Tracts.
Best in the state.
Sold on easy terms.
Price from $250 to $400 per acre.
Trees from two to four years old.

We scientifically prune, spray and care for your orchard for you for three years. No expense to
you. You get a bearing orchard. We also have farm lands in tracts of 5 to 160 acres.

Save money by buying direct from the owners. / Call, write or phone
501 Newhouse Bldg., / Bell Phone 2297.
--The Salt Lake Herald, Aug. 27, 1910.

Sept. 1, 1910 - p. 10 ad.

"Before Buying an Apple Orchard
See the Trenton Tracts
Best in the state.
Sold on easy terms.
Price from $250 to $400 per acre.
Trees from two to four years old.

"We scientifically prune, spray and care for your orchard for you for three years.
No expense to you. You get a bearing orchard. We also have farm lands in tracts of
5 to 160 acres.

"Save money by buying direct from the owners.

Call, write or phone
501 Newhouse Bldg., Bell Phone 2297."
--Salt Lake Herald, Sept. 1, 1910.

Sept. 10, 1910 - p. 6 under "Elevator Contracts Let."

"Ogden, Sept. 9.--Contracts for the erection of three additional steel elevators have been let to
the Minneapolis Steel & Machinery company by the W. O. Kay company of Ogden. Work on the
three grain stores had already commenced. They will be located at Weston and Trenton, in
northern Utah, and at Malad in southern Idaho."
--Salt Lake Herald, Sept. 10, 1910.

Sept. 18, 1910 - p.9 under "Sales of Land Big in Trenton District."

"Orchard Lands to the Value of $17,500 Reported Sold During the Past Week."

"The West Cache Land company, 501 Newhouse building, which is selling orchards and
orchard lands at Trenton, Utah, report sales amounting to $17,500 for the past week.

"Owing to this property being situated so close to Trenton and the many conveniences, such as
abundance of good water, gas for light and fuel and good shipping facilities. The National Food
company's plant for the manufacture of a pre-digested breakfast food, with a capacity of 1,000
cases of finished product per day, is expected to be in operation by January 1.

"This plant alone will bring 500 new families to Trenton. Two new steel grain elevators are
nearing completion, together with several new residences and store buildings. All indications
point to a continuation of activity in the sales of orchards and orchard lands and to the steady and
continuous growth of Trenton."
--Salt Lake Herald, Sept. 18, 1910.

Sept. 18, 1910 - p. 21 & p. 29 ads.

"Trenton Orchards now selling $250 and $400 per acre. Long terms. West Cache Land Co.,
501 Newhouse Building."
--Salt Lake Herald, Sept. 18, 1910.

Sept. 24, 1910 - p. 11 under "Real Estate and Building."

"At Trenton, the National Food company's new plant is expected to be in operation by the first
of January; it will have a capacity of 1,000 cases of finished product a day and will bring at least
500 families to Trenton. For this reason real estate values have materially increased in the neighborhood."
-- Deseret Evening News, Sept. 24, 1910.

Oct. 5, 1910 - p. 6 under "Logan News Notes."

"Edward R. South has succeeded in getting a number of families in Randolph to come into
Cache county to locate at Trenton, where a cereal factory is soon to be constructed. A number of
homes will be erected at that place this fall."
-- The Salt Lake Herald,, Oct. 5, 1910.

Dec. 21, 1910 - p. 13 under "Trenton. Pleasing Entertainment; School Funds Short."

"Trenton, Dec. 18.--Last evening there was a pleasing and entertaining program rendered, under
the title of 'Ferrie Festival,' about 75 children in different characters and costumes being in a grand
march at the close. There were 200 in the audience. Credit is due the managers, the president of
the Primary association and others.

"The district school is in a lamentable condition, viz., one school teachers trying to handle 50
pupils from beginners to fourth grade in a house with seating capacity for about 30 pupils. There
is also a rented building 18x20 feet for 35 pupils and one teacher, to handle four grades from
fourth to eighth. This makes 85 enrolled and probably 15 or 20 not enrolled, with the proposition
confronting us that there is little hope of relief, as the board under the consolidation system is
without sufficient funds to build except the people in the district votes to bond, which has been
voted down, principally by settlements which have schoolhouses large and well equipped for
required facilities.

"The people of this place sincerely hope that the system will either revert back to the old style,
and let them handle their own affairs or that the people who are in better circumstances will see
the situation and vote to bond the district in order that we may have a suitable house erected for
the education of our children.

"There are several buildings in course of erection, and some people living in tents, with others
who have bought land, who are preparing to build. Trenton has the facilities for a large town; it
has the soil, the climate and the water, and is situated on the mail line of the O.S.L."
--Deseret Evening News, Dec. 21, 1910.

July 6, 1911 - p. 4 under "The West Side Times."

"Another newspaper has entered the field of journalism in the state of Utah. It is The West Side
Times, published and owned by Mr. B. F. Cummings, one of the pioneer newspaper men of this
state. The first number came out last Thursday. The paper is six column eight page publication,
filled with interesting reading which breathes the spirit of boost for the west side of Cache Valley,
which it is to represent. Trenton is given as the home of the publication, and it is run off the Box
Elder Journal press.

"Welcome, and all kinds of success to you."
--Box Elder Journal, July 6, 1911.

Feb. 16, 1911 - p. 5 under "Misrepresentation Claimed in Deal."

"Suit was brought yesterday in the district court by Walter M. Douglas to recover
$1350 alleged to have been paid for a plot of ground near Trenton station in Cache
county, which was misrepresented to him, he says by W. P. Funk, a salesman of the United
Development company. The land, it is said, was purchased by Douglas on the word of Funk
because Funk was a member of the Mormon church and he had implicit faith in him. He says
that examination of the ground revealed the fact that the deal was not legitimate."
--Salt Lake Telegram, Feb. 16, 1911.

Feb. 17, 1911 - p. 5 under "Claims Misrepresentation."

"Alleging that W. P. Funk, as one of the officials of the United Development association,
misrepresented a tract of land near Trenton, in Cache county, Walter M. Douglas had brought
suit in Third district court to recover $1,350 which he paid for the land, taking Funk's
word in regard to the value of the property because of past associations.

"Douglas's complaint declares that Funk promised in the event of any dissatisfaction with
the land, the association would take back the land and refund the purchase price. This he
further states, the association refused to do. The charge is also made that the properties
taken over by the United Development company, namely, the Cache Land company, were taken
over for the express purpose of defrauding Douglas and other creditor.
--Deseret News.
--Davis County Clipper, Feb. 17, 1911.

July 6, 1911 - p. 4 under "The West Side Times."

"Another newspaper has entered the field of journalism in the state of Utah. It is The West Side Times,
published and owned by Mr. B. F. Cummings, on of the pioneers newspaper men of this state.
The first number came out last Thursday. The paper is a six column eight page publication, filled
with interesting reading which breathes the spirit of boost for the west side of Cache Valley, which it is to represent.
Trenton is given as the home of the publication, and it is run off the Box Elder Journal press.

"Welcome, and all kinds of success to you.'
--The Box Elder News, July 6, 1911.

Dec. 11, 1911 - p. 10 under "Foreclose $13,000 Mortgage."

"The Union Central Insurance company of Cincinnati. O., has filed suit in federal court against
the United Development association, the Western Land company, the Trenton Land and Invest-
ment company and others to close a mortgage for $13,000 for_?_ alleged to have been lent on land
in Trenton, Cache county."
--Salt Lake Telegram, Dec. 11, 1911.

[NOTE: Trenton lands were heavily promoted in the mining areas of Utah.]

May 30, 1913 - p. 2 ad

"Send for 5 acres and liberty; its Free [including picture of pamphlet].'

"Acres and Liberty await you at Trenton, Utah on the main line of the Oregon Short Line only
fifty seven miles north of Ogden in the hear of the famous Bear River Valley apple district. Five
acre of bearing orchard with truel [sic] cows poultry and bees will make you absolutely
independent in a few years. The book 5 Acres and Liberty shows
the one way out
the right road to success and true happiness. Provide for the future now by securing five acres of
orchard at Trenton. Every condition favorable to success--best soil'ample and absolute water
rights--five years FREE maintenance prices moderate and ten years easy terms close to good town
and good markets liberal assistance to actual settlers and in fact every feature that you could
desire.

'Send for the book to day--this very minute. It may be the turning point in your whole life.
INTER-MOUNTAIN REALTY COMPANY / 205 K Templeton Building, Salt Lake City, Ut
--The Eureka Reporter (Eureka, Juab Co., Ut.), May 30, 1913.

>>> [Same ad in issues for June 6, 13, 20, 27,1913.]

*** May 21, 1913 - p. 5 ad --same 5 acres and liberty ad...
--The Richfield Reaper ( Richfield, Ut.), May 21, 1913.

May 31,1913 - p. 2 same "Send for 5 Acres and Liberty" ad.
--The Park Record (Park City, Ut.), May 31, 1913.

June 12, 1913 - same "Send for 5 acres and Liberty" AD...
--Manti Messenger (Manti, Ut.) June 12, 1913.

Sept. 13, 1913 - p. 6 under "Purely Personal"

"R. J. Alder and J. E. Moss representing the Inter-Mountain Reality company of Salt Lake, are
in the city trying to interest our citizens in the farming and fruit ands in the vicinity of Trenton,
Cache county, this state."
--The Park Record, Sept. 13, 1913.

Nov. 6, 1913 ' 'Trenton is rapidly becoming a community of fine residences. In the past few day Mr.
and Mrs. C. G. Wood and family have moved into their splendid new home in the eastern part
of town. . . . At least twenty-four homes of the better quality and style have been constructed in
Trenton within the past four years. All honest citizens and good home-builders are welcomed.'
--The Journal, Nov. 6, 1913.

Jan. 9, 1914 - p. 5 under "Local and Personal."

"The Trenton Post, published at Trenton, Cache county, is the latest newspaper venture in Utah.
It will be published twice a month."
--The Grand Valley Times (Moab, Ut.), Jan. 9, 1914.

Jan. 29, 1914 - p. 4 under "Utah State News."

"Fire which destroyed buildings occupied by the J. I. Briggs Merchandise company and the
H. J. Hauser Furniture company of Trenton, Cache county, resulted in a loss exceeding $15,000."
--The Carbon County News, Jan. 29, 1914.

Jan. 30, 1914 - p. 3 under "Utah State News."

"Fire which destroyed buildings occupied by the J. I. Briggs Mechandise company and the H. J.
Hauser Furniture company of Trenton, Cache county, resulted in a loss exceeding $15,000."
--The Grand Valley Times, Jan. 30, 1914.

March 5, 1914 - p. 4 under "Our Opportunity."

"Some time ago a big corporation was organized to manufacture cereals for breakfast foods.
The company has not yet decided as to where it will place its factory and we take it that it is
anybody's plum as yet. The press notices advised the other day, that Trenton, a little community
on the west side of Cache Valley north of Cache Junction and the center of a big grain area, had
made a strong bid for this factory thru its Commercial Club. Other towns and cities have done the
same. Why should not Brigham City get in with a strong argument and show the advantages of
this location for their factory.

"There is no better served city in the state for railroad facilities and located as we are at the hub
of the tremendous grain grain [sic] producing area which is reached from this point by at least
three railroads, this city is in a position to offer the cereal company something very flattering.

Such a factory would mean much to this city. It is worth asking for. But our bid must be made at
once if it is to be considered."
--The Box Elder News, March 5, 1914.

Oct. 9, 1914 - p. 4 under "Kaysville Kinks."

"F. I. Mortensen of Salt Lake but formerly of this place has purchased a newspaper at
Trenton, Cache Valley. He got out his first issue last week."
--Davis County Clipper, Oct. 9, 1914.

Oct. 9, 1914 - p. 4 under "Mammoth. . . ."

"Peter Anderson and wife motored to Salt Lake during the early part of the week. Mr. Anderson
was present at the Trenton Land Co.'s drawing." --Eureka Reporter, Oct. 9, 1914.

Oct. 24, 1913 - p. 4 under "Mammoth and Robinson News."

"J. W. Musser, president of the Trenton Fruit Lands Co. of Trenton, Utah is here exhibiting prize
vegetables grown on the land which is owned by this company and in which some of the local people are interested."
--Eureka Reporter, Oct. 24, 1913.

January 1, 1914 '

'There are few farming communities in the west that can boast of such stupendous
advantages upon which the growth of large centers depend, as Trenton.

'It has an electric flour mill with an elevator capacity of about 60,000 bushels. This
mill, known as the Trenton-Clarkston Mill & Elevator Company, has a daily capacity of
240 barrels, which with a small expenditure can be increased to 300 barrels. Some of
the finest flour in the world is produced at this mill.

'From the famous 'Turkey Red' wheat is produce a special brand that never fails to
give satisfaction.

'Besides this mill are two steel elevators owned by the Farmer's Grain and Milling
company with a capacity of 50,000 bushels, and the Kay Elevator company owns the other
with a capacity of about 65,000 bushels.

'Trenton has four general mercantile stores handling groceries, dry-goods, furniture,
hardware, gents furnishings, etc., hotel and livery stables, coal, lumber yard, a blacksmith
shop, a barber shop, photographer, dressmaker, a cleaning and pressing establishment, etc.
Also a parcel post depot from which is furnished all kinds of meat, poultry, etc.

'Trenton had a splendid church building and an up-to-date school. This is a brick
structure, costing $15,000. The eight grades are taught here. The arrangement with reference
to light and ventilation compares with the best. Splendid school teachers are employed.

'Trenton has tributary to it about 60,000 acres of highly productive lands. This feature
alone is sufficient to insure a large future city.'
--Trenton Post (Trenton, Ut.), Jan. 1, 1914.

June 11, 1914 - under "New Quarters for the Trenton Club."

"The Trenton Commercial club has secured the top floor of the new furniture store
recently completed by Mr. H. J. Hauser, and will use the rooms for club purposes. . .
"A new butcher shop which has been opened under the able management of Anderson
and Ames, is indeed a credit to any town, and we sincerely hope that they succeed.
"Mr. Ira Johnson, from Goldfield, Nevada, has rented the corner building from
Brown and Butler, which is located in the most prominent part of town and will open
an up to date garage . . . will keep two automobiles for public service. . .
"Mr. T. H. Cutler and family have sold out all their interests in Trenton and
hereafter will make Logan their future residence.'
--The Logan Republican, June 11, 1914.

[NOTE: The earliest and biggest booster for Trenton's growth, Mr. Culter left town.]

Oct. 16, 1914 - p. 4 under "Mammoth Personals."

"George Forsey and Arnold Forther __?__ each drew a five acre tract of land in the Trenton
Land Co.'s drawing which was held at Salt Lake last week. Hyrum Madsen also held the lucky
number to a two and a half acre tract which is set to three year old apple trees."
--Eureka Reporter, Oct. 16, 1914.

Oct. 30, 1914 - p. 4 under "Episcopal Church Services."

"A. N. Wallace of Eureka and B. M. Cornish of Robinson were among the Tintic people who
were fortunate in the land drawing at Trenton, Utah. They each drew city lots of considerable
value."

 p. 4 under "Mammoth Personals."

"B. M. Cornish . . . . will be busy during the balance of the year, with his land investments in
Trenton, Utah." --Eureka Reporter, Oct. 30, 1914.

Nov. 13, 1914 - p. 4 under "Mammouth. . . ."

"Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Starkey left this week for Trenton, Utah going there to look over some city
lots which they drew at the recent land drawing."

"A. A. Larcher representing the Trenton Land Co. was in Tintic during the past week."
--Eureka Reporter, Nov. 13, 1914.

March 20, 1915 - p. 7 under "Too Late To Classify" ads.

"FARM LANDS
"SNAP ON CACHE VALLEY FARM.

"45 acres, Trenton, Utah, small cash payment; balance terms or trade for S.L. property.
W.P.S., 1178 Windson. H. 537-W."
--Salt Lake Telegram, Mar. 20, 1915.

Jan. 5, 1916 - p. 2 under "In the Fourth District Court of the State Of Utah In and For Wasatch County"

Bank of Heber City, a Corporation, Plaintiff
vs.
J. W. Musser and Rose B. Musser and Barr W. Musser and Leah Musser, Defendants.

Trenton Fruit Land company, a corporation, Intervenor.
--The Duchesne Record (Dushesne, Ut.), Jan. 5, 1916.

July 27, 1917 - p. 4 under "Locals."

"Mr. Will Lee motored over to Trenton Wednesday with a load of bank fixtures which
formerly did service in the State Bank in this city and which will be installed in a bank to be
organized at that place." --The Box Elder News, July 27, 1917.

Aug. 10, 1917 - p. 1 under "John L. Edwards Writes of Trip."

"Recently I made a trip up to Clifton, Idaho, to visit my daughter . . . .I boarded the Oregon
Short Line train at Willard . . . .

"At Cache Junction the road forks, the main line going off to the north which was my route. I
stopped at Trenton to pay a visit to our grist mill. I say 'our mill' as a number of Willard people
have stock in the institution. A little history of the mill might be interesting so I will tell you that
in early days I used to travel back and forth from Willard to Battle Creek with my stock and used
to stop at the home of my good friend B. Y. Benson. A short time ago he was telling me that he a
and a number of his friends were trying to raise enough money to build a griss [sic  grist] mill at
Trenton and I told him to come down to Willard and I thought I could secure him some
stockholders. When I went home I talked with a few of my neighbors and we had a little meeting
at which Brother Benson was present. We subscribed for a third of the entire stock and B. Y.
Benson was made president with H. T. Petersen as secretary and manager and P. A. Nebeker
as our representative on the board of directors. . . . "
--The Box Elder News, Aug. 10, 1917.

Nov. 23, 1917 - p. 3 under "Weekly Industrial Review."

"Trenton--Oregon Short Line has built 850 feet of industrial siding near here."
--The Eureka Reporter, Nov. 23, 1917.

Dec. 18, 1917 -Section Two p. 3 ads

Andreasen Grocery
B. Y. Benson & Sons Co. general merchants
Smith and Mortensen grocery
West Side Furniture Co. '

-- The Logan Republican
(Logan, Ut.), Dec. 18, 1917.

Personal Experiences:

Observations by Marybelle Pike, a resident of western Cache Valley, first given as a talk to the Cache
Valley Historical Society on March 23, 1955 entitled 'Cache Valley's West Side' reflecting some of her
research and personal experiences. Subsequently a typescript copy of the speech was made and kept
in the society files. Later a copy was deposited in the Special Collections at Utah State University. (Page number is to the typescript copy).

Page 37-38 ' 'McCombs family considered the first to homestead in Trenton in 1869; three years later
James Hill, Joseph Wood, Steve Malan, the Harmisons, Noah Lindsay, and the Bensons.
The last settlers in 1871 settled along the freight road wherever there was a little spring
or wild grass hay to cut.'
'There were two ventures at Trenton that set it somewhat apart from the other towns in
the valley. The first was the establishment of a Free West School there in 1883 . . . . The other
item in the history of Trenton was the colonization effort through speculation.'

p. 349 ' 'The first time I heard of Trenton was when I was living in Eureka, Utah, back in 1916, when a
little Irish Maiden lady school teacher sought the aid of my attorney father-in-law, Judge Pike, to
see what she could do about losing considerable money in the purpose of apple orchards in the
Trenton area, which she bought as an investment against old age. The orchard was there and so
were the acres, but there were no apples for the trees were barren and shriveling. This project lured
people from all over the country. There was even a couple from Florida who gave up their oranges for
Trenton apples. As one settler said, 'What can you do with a Black Ben Davis? It won't even make good hard
cider.' At any rate, the project misfired, but quite an enterprising beginning was made.

'I understand that the idea was something like this. One would pay $50.00 that would entitle
him to draw for, say, a twenty-acre orchard as well as a lot in town, which they could then buy as
an added inducement. Some lots had houses on them. Salesmen found easy sales to people with
a yearning to own a little land for security. People in mining towns as Bingham, Eureka and Park City,
grabbed them up in no time. The population zoomed to 2,500 by 1913. For some distance from
the center of town in all directions city lots were peopled with settlers in framed tent houses.
But the apple business declined into bitter applesauce and now just a few twists of gnarled apple trees remain.'

p. 40 - 'We lived in Trenton for a short time. As I remember, it was 1919 when we came to Cache
Valley. Benson's General Store was a fine place to trade. There was Houser's Furniture Store, a
newspaper printed by Francis Mortensen, garages, meat market, confectionary, blacksmith shop, a
number of well-built homes, Anderson Lumber Yard, a coal yard, elevators, a hotel, a bank, a fine
flour mill and a sugar plant at Amalga. . . . One by one these industries and facilities folded up.'

* * * * *

Brooks Roundy of Cache Junction:

Roundy and Heaps, Cache Junction: Cache Valley's Only Railroad Town

p. 20 ' 'Five years after completion of the West Cache Canal, in 1910, Trenton became the mad scene of a
runaway land speculation scheme. The population zoomed to 2,500 (1913) after a catalog
advertised the sale of land containing acres of rich-producing apple orchards. Of course, when
the buyers found this to be nothing but big fraud; the town soon diminished in size. . . . The city
over 4,928 acres of land and was incorporated in 1919.'

* * * * *

According to census figures the population of Trenton went as follows: 1890, 246 persons; 1900, 227; 1910, 249 (less than one-half the number in Clarkston or Newton). The 1913 figures were probably an estimated 2,500 people but never approached the 10,000 target number set by the Trenton boosters. When the much heralded 'Trenton apples' turned to 'bitter applesauce,' a sharp decline in population resulted: 1920 down to 551, 1930 to 531 and continued to fall to a low of 390 in 1970. It was a steeper decline than Corinne's drop from 1,500 people in the early 1870s and falling to about 300 in 1878.

While the land boom didn't materialize as hoped, still Trenton did get a significant boost with the West Cache State Bank organized in April of 1915 and opened its door on August 13, 1917. The Trenton-Clarkston Mill & Elevator Company became well established. Trenton had a furniture store, lumber yard along with a shoe and harness repair shop, several grocery stores, a meat market, a confectionary, a barber shop, a millinery shop, two garages, a machine shop, a small hotel and a newspaper. In addition it had the West Cache Canal that sparked the speculation craze but still brought water for the farmers to raise sugar beets, grains and hay. However, in the end Trenton experienced more turn-over than large scale growth with many of the businesses created lasting a short time and the population melted away, leaving a small farming community.

A general assessment from the hind-sight of a century can be tricky. The first boom promoters over promised and guaranteed and were not fully aware of their miscalculations. While constantly repeating they knew what they were talking about and had professional assistance in their apple orchards, nevertheless they planted mostly the type trees which grew to the harvesting phase the fastest, but was fast losing in the taste field. An even bigger mistake was that the majority of the company's apple orchards were in the semi-swampy, alkali-laden clay land west of the railroad tracks that irrigation couldn't turn into an Eden. Possibly the early boosters were na've to the point of believing that once the people had been lured into easy-payment home and orchard owners, anyone could make a living with the apple trees already planted. A horticulturist wasn't needed to care for the trees and apples since the company had performed the most difficult part, but the rude awakening came with the actual needs and work ranging from pruning to marketing with much other work to be done. When the dramatic pitchman Mr. Cutler and his initial team turned to larger companies and speculators, the promotion of Trenton as opportunity land ratcheted upward with promises of quick returns and high rewards but for whom, the home seeker or the financial promoters? Perhaps in the several changes of companies promoting the apple boom and land speculation some huge profits were made but the profit-taking soon stopped and when the bubble burst more were hurt than benefited. The local residents did not participate in any sense other than as spectators or minor speculators. Many of the people who bought apple orchards soon found themselves squeezed between two companies, first the company who sold them the orchard and a mortgage company who loaned the money to pay for the land, but behind the scene both companies were largely owned by the same people. By 1917 the profit making by the large speculators came to an abrupt end with the last company stuck with the dying dream to the point they tried a lottery system to get rid of their bad apple investment. The farm collapse of 1921 was the coup de grace to Trenton apple boom.

* * * * *

QUEST: There remains much more to learn about this phase of Trenton's existence and if any reader has additional information, family stories and the like to flesh out the story, please contact this site and perhaps your material can be added to this account.


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