Caldwell

Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia
Extracted from the Original Court Records of augusta County 1745-1800



AUGUSTA COUNTY COURT RECORDS. ORDER BOOK No. I.

page 20 - August 20, 1746

Page (73) William Thompson to be overseer from Court Ho. to Tinkling Spring, already viewed, with these tithables: John Lynn and his three sons, John Henderson, John Ramsey, John Preston, Wm. Palmer, David Stuart, James Coile, Joseph McClelbill, Alexr. Thompson, John Mitchell, John Butchison, Andrew Russell, Geo. Caldwell and his two sons.

page 29 - May 23, 1747

Page (214) Rob. Caldwell appd. Constable, vice Val. Sevear.

page 31 - September 16, 1747

Page (288) Road from the Cross Road below Hays on No. Side So. River to the ridge be cleared, and Thos. Stuart and Wm. Christian be overseers. George Caldwell and his son to be added to the tithables.

AUGUSTA COUNTY COURT RECORDS. ORDER BOOK No. II.

page 36 - August 20, 1748

Page (63) Robert and Wm. Christian to lay out a road from Black James Armstrong's to Wm. Long's mill, thence to James Alexander's fence, with these workers: James Armstrong, George Rutlidge, Thomas Rutlidge, James Caldwell, James Armstrong. James Frain, William Robb, John Christian, James Alexander, John Black, John Wilson, Anthony Black, Wm. Wright, and Wm. and John Robinson.

page 42 - August 30, 1750

Page (440) David Caldwell, Saml. Lusk, John O'Neal, Benj. Haws, added to list of tithables.

AUGUSTA COUNTY COURT RECORDS. ORDER BOOK NO. III.

page 48 - November 27, 1751

Page (202) Grand Jury--James Trimble, James Caldwell, Wm. Baskins, Wm. Henderson, Robert Patterson, Alexr. Thompson, Andrew Russell, Mathew Armstrong, Archibald Hamilton, Thos. Gordon, Wm. Bell, James Robinson, Patrick McCullow, James Callison, Alexr. McFeeters, Thomas Waters.

page 51 - May 21, 1752

Page (252) James Caldwell--overseer of road from Nutt's Mill Creek, near his meadow, to Co. Ho.

page 57 - March 22, 1753

Page (420) Robert Caldwell, qualified Lieut. of Foot; Archd. Ruddle, qualified Ensign of Foot; Henry Long, qualified Ensign of Foot; Wm. Bethell, qualified Lieut. of Foot; John Denton, qualified Capn. of Foot; Paul Lung, qualified Lieut. of Foot.

AUGUSTA COUNTY COURT RECORDS. ORDER BOOK NO. IV.

page 68 - October 25, 1755

Page (490) Propositions and grievances: John Hunter for services, wagoning; James Alexander, for patrolling; Wm. Wilson, Wm. Cunningham, Domnick Barrel, Mathew Thompson, John Atkins, Saml. Black, patrolling; John Brown for victualling men patrolling under Cap. David Lewis; Wm. Thompson for patrolling and going on an express; George Caldwell, for patrolling; Robert Poage, for waggoning; Israel Christian, patrolling; Israel Christian, claim of David Moore for provisions provided Cap. David Lewis's Co. of Rangers which provisions were received by Christian.



AUGUSTA COUNTY COURT RECORDS. ORDER BOOK No. VII.

page 103 - February 18, 1763

Page (477) Andrew Russell, with two tithables, William Palmer, William Martin, Alexr. McDonald, Wm. Thompson, Alexr. Thompson, John Thompson, George Caldwell and his two sons, Wm. Henderson and John Wallace, to work the road from Christian's Creek to Rockfeil Gap.


Volume 2

COURT RECORDS OF AUGUSTA COUNTY 1745-1800

CIRCUIT COURT RECORDS, SECTION "I."

JUDGMENTS.

page 26 - September 1802

Dunkenson, et ux., vs. Moore--Ejectment from Rockingham. Thomas Dunkerson and Lucretia Dunkerson, his wife, heirs-at-law of Thomas Moore, deceased, six plantations, containing 1,700 acres. Defendants are Reuben, John and Thomas Moore. Copy of patent by Fauquier to Thomas Moore, 26th July, 1765, 200 acres on Smith's Creek, between Davison's, Philips' and Rambo's lands, Buchanans' Cor. Same by Botetourt to Thomas L. Moore, 12th May, 1770, 190 acres on Smith's Creek, Michael Bowyer's line, Thomas Looker's line. Same by same, to Thomas Moore, 12th May, 1770, on Smith's Creek, corner J. Woodley land; John Philips, corner. Same by Fauquier to Valentine Sevear, 200 acres on Smith's Creek, crossing Daniel Jones' Branch, 27th June, 1764. Consideration is importation of four persons, viz: James Porteus, John Roe, Patrick McDonald and Daniel Warner. Patent by Gooch, 12th January, 1746, to James Wood, for 370 acres on Smith's Creek. Patent by Fauquier, 31st October, 1765, to Thomas Looker (Lobker ?) for 68 acres on Long Meadows or North River Shan. Deed by Thomas Loker, of Rockingham, 17th February, 1791, to Thomas Moore, Sr. Thomas Loker. Test: Reuben Moore, Thomas Loker, Jr., Philip Counce, recorded Rockingham, 27th June, 1791. 20th August, 1801, jury, John Carthrea, Jr., George Rader, Jacob Bear, Mathias Anson, Michael Lohr, James Green, George Chrisman, David Caldwell, John Crotzer, Casper Mifford, Evan Thomas, Alexander Graham. Jury find Thomas Moore died intestate, 1797, leaving plaintiff, Lucretia, and defendants, his only children, appeal to Supreme Court, and their appeal dismissed. Judgment for plaintiffs.



CIRCUIT COURT RECORDS, SECTION "I."

JUDGMENTS.

page 70

John McClure vs. Thompson--O. S. 26; N. S. 9--Bill dated 17th October, 1800. In September, 1786, Roger Duff located waste land in Rockbridge, and died four years after, leaving heirs. Margaret Thompson, wife of Isaac, Isaiah Duff, Jean Duff, Susannah Caldwell, wife of Joseph. Isaiah is infant. In spring 1789 preceding Roger's death, at which time Jane was 13 and Susannah 11 years old. Margaret Thompson's name is really Mary, and lives in Tennessee, 1801. Roger died October, 1789. Copy of his will dated 29th September, 1789, proved in Rockbridge April, 1798. Wife, Mary; children, Jean, Susanna and Isaiah.

CIRCUIT COURT RECORDS, SECTION "I."

JUDGMENTS.

page 71

Watson vs. Caldwell--O. S. 30; N. S. 10--John Caldwell's will dated 17th November, 1785 and proved in the District Court held at Prince Edward Court House, 4th September, 1793. Leaves all estate to his son, David Caldwell. John lived with David from 1766 until he died in August, 1789, aged 94 years and 6 months.

CIRCUIT COURT RECORDS, SECTION "I."

JUDGMENTS.

page 89

Lee vs. Ankrim--O. S. 51; N. S. 17--Bill filed in Ohio County 7th November, 1803, by Jacob Ankrim. John Caldwell and John Lee were brothers-in-law. Lee lived in Hagerstown, Maryland. About 1797 Lee removed to Ohio. John Caldwell was son of James Caldwell, Sr., whose daughter Lee's wife was.

COURT RECORDS OF AUGUSTA COUNTY 1745-1800

CIRCUIT COURT RECORDS, SECTION "I."

JUDGMENTS.

page 161

Carrier vs. Caldwell--O. S. 197; N. S. 70--Deed dated 10th March, 1812, by Richard Carryer and Catherine, his wife, of Rockingham, to David Caldwell. Conveys 107 acres, part of 180 acres patented to Michael Hanagan, 15th May, 1784, and by him devised to his daughter, Margaret Murphy, and granddaughter, Anne Rife, and by them with their husbands, Abraham Riff and James Murphy, conveyed to Richard Carryer, 21st August, 1810, in a place called the Forest. Recorded in Rockingham, September, 1812.

CIRCUIT COURT RECORDS, SECTION "I."

JUDGMENTS.

page 193

Henderson vs. Cresaps' heirs--O. S. 252; N. S. 88--Bill, 5th August, 1805. Orator Alexander Henderson in 1801 made entries in Monongalia (now Wood County), viz: 10th April, 1781, 1,000 acres on Ohio 3 miles below Middle Island Creek, extending below mouth of French Creek on [p.193] treasury warrant, dated 8th May, 1780. Also 1,000 acres adjoining above. Surveys were made 1785 and received patents 4th June, 1787. Act May, 1779, ch. 12, section 4, provides that all persons actually settling before 1st January, 1778, on Western waters should be allowed for every family settled, 400 acres; but they must have raised a crop of corn or lived thereon one year. But on 17th April, 1785, Luther Martin and Mary, his wife; Elizabeth and Sarah Cresap, devisees of Michael Cresap, obtained a certificate from the Commissioners in Michael's name for 400 acres on Ohio River above Ball Creek to include his settlement, made 1775, by putting a tenant there, and another certificate for 400 acres at mouth of French Creek, on which 2d certificate was made 25th December, 1783, and a grant obtained 20th June, 1785, also on the other certificate. These surveys interfere with orator's surveys. (There was also a 3d certificate to Michael as above.) Michael, before or in year 1775, came from Maryland, where he always resided, with several men in his service and marked out several tracts, some by cutting chops in trees, some by cutting timber, some by laying foundation of a cabin, but not one of them lived on the lands, they only travelled up and down the river marking off all the best bottoms. Mary Martin has died, leaving Luther, her husband; Maria Martin and Eleanora Kean, wife of Richard R. Kean, her daughters, and Richard has died since commencement of this suit. Elizabeth Cresap has married Lenox Martin. Sarah Cresap has married Osbourne Sprigg and is dead, leaving Michael, Joseph, Osbourne, James, her sons. John G. Henderson of Wood County, aged 33, deposes, in Hampshire County, 5th November, 1807, Osbourne Sprigg married Sarah in 1790. Surveys in 1783 by Robert Crow, assistant to Saml. Hanway, S. M. C. Certificate to heirs of Michael Cresap dated 17th April, 1781, by James Neal, Charles Martin, Wm. Haymond, Commissioners. Will of Michael Cresap of Frederick County, Maryland. Son, James, infant; wife, Mary; daughters, Mary, Elizabeth and Sarah. Dated 28th June, 1774. Codicil dated 26th June, 1774. Recorded. Will of Alexander Henderson of Dumfries. Sons, Archibald, John Glassford, Alexander, Richard; sons, Henry, James, Thomas; daughter, Ann (?). Dated 24th February, 1815. Recorded in Prince William, 4th December, 1815. John Caldwell deposes, in Wheeling, 9th June, 1809, he became acquainted with Capt. Michael Cresap in 1772 and occasionally saw him from that time until 1776. Michael lived in Old Town, Md., during 1773, 74, 75, 76. Michael was several times down the Ohio and in the Western Country. In 1774, deponent saw Patrick McElroy and some hands improving the lands. McElroy was also employed to make settlements for Col. George Stricker, who settled 1,400 acres at mouth of McElroy's fork of Middle Island Creek. Ebenezer Zane deposes, in Wheeling, 6th December, 1808, he settled at his present place of residence at Wheeling in 1770 or 1771. In 1774, Michael Cresap was at his house; never heard of his, either before or after. In 1774, deponent descended the Ohio as far as Sandy Creek. There were no settlements below mouth of Little Kenawha, there were several between that and Muskingum. These were supposed to belong to the Briscoes. Below mouth of Bull Creek was an improvement called Otin's (?) about mile below mouth of French Creek. At mouth of McElroy's Run was Cresap's. There were no more until he came to mouth of Middle Island Creek, near which was another belonging to Cresap. Michael Cresap, Sr., had a son, Michael, Jr. Thomas Hallam deposes, 6th October, 1814, in Wood County, in March or April, 1775, he and several others came with Michael Cresap to the Western Country to make settlements on Ohio. They made one below mouth of Cow Creek. The custom was to cut the timber and pile the brush for burning and raise a cabin and cover it. The war came on and deponent went with Cresap to join the Revolutionary Army before Boston, but Cresap died on his way home from the army in the same year. George Baker deposes, same time and place, that when a boy, 17 years of age, about 30 years ago, he came into Cow Creek in a canoe with Martin Whitzell. Isaac Williams deposes, in Wood County, 3d December, 1808, in 1775, he lived on Grove Creek and no settlements were made below him in that year. Martin Wetzell deposes, in Ohio County, 10th October, 1814, he came to Western Country to live two years before Dunmore's war; has resided on Wheeling Creek ever since, except two years when he was prisoner among the Indians. His business was hunting up and down Ohio River; knew Cresap's improvement at Cow Creek; he frequently lodged there before Harman's (Harmar's?) defeat. John Caldwell deposes, same time and place, he came to Western Country in 1772 or 1773. In 1775 he saw hands at work on Cresap's improvement at mouth of French Creek. Joseph Tomlinson deposes, same time and place, he came to the Western County in spring 1771 and settled on Falls of Grove Creek and has lived there ever since.



CIRCUIT COURT RECORDS, SECTION "I."

JUDGMENTS.

page 208

Caldwell vs. McDowell's executors--O. S. 277; N. S. 97--Bill, 1806, by Thomas Caldwell and Lattice Ann, his wife, and Margaret McClanahan, daughter and wife of Elijah McClanahan, deceased, testate, in Augusta to settle Hugh McDowell's estate.



CIRCUIT COURT RECORDS, SECTION "I."

JUDGMENTS.

page 217 -

Carrier vs. Bowman--O. S. 291; N. S. 103--Will of John Bowman, Sr, of Rockingham. Wife, Mary Magdalene Bowman; sons, George, John; daughter, Elizabeth Roller; daughter, Barbara Shaffer; daughter, Catharine Carrier; daughter, Mary Miller. Dated 4th March, 1816. Recorded March, 1816. Richard Hughes, aged above 60, deposes 9th June, 1817. David Hughes, aged 22 or 23 years, deposes 9th June, 1817. Paul Rawler, aged 30 years, deposes 9th June, 1817. Henry Shaver, aged 31 years, deposes 9th June, 1817. William Patrick, aged 19 years, deposes 9th June, 1817. Peter Crim, aged 31 years, deposes 9th June, 1817. Philip Ritchie, aged 38 years, deposes, 9th June, 1817, has known Frederick Smith 20 years. Knew him in Loudon County. Frederick was a school teacher. One of Philip's brothers' sons married Smith's daughter. Jacob Niece, aged 79 years, deposes, 9th June, 1817, has known Jacob May all his life; knew his father in Pennsylvania. Jacob Bowers, aged 27 years, deposes 9th June, 1817. Samuel Coffman, aged 45 years, deposes, 9th June, 1817. Jacob Miller was brother-in-law of George Bowman. Andrew Coffman, aged 42 years, deposes 12th November, 1819. Abraham Knopp, aged 32 years, deposes 12th November, 1819. Elizabeth Minick, aged 22 years, deposes 12th November, 1819. George Minick, aged 24 years, deposes 12th November, 1819. Philip Weaver, aged 27 years, deposes 12th November, 1819. Felix Albert, aged 25 years, deposes 12th November, 1819. Jacob May, aged 29 years, deposes 12th November, 1819. John Rader deposes, 18th November, 1819, has known Magdalene Bowman 45 or 46 years. Jacob Surface, aged 55 years, deposes, as above, is brother of Mrs. Bowman. Frederick Smith, aged 60 years, deposes 22d January, 1817. Jacob Miller, aged 35 years, deposes 22d January, 1817. Jacob May, aged 27 years, deposes 22d January, 1817. George Miller, aged 33 years, deposes, 22d January, 1817, is full brother to one of plaintiffs. Philip Painter, aged 42 or 43 years. Felix Albert, aged 24 years. David Caldwell, aged 50 years. John Branner, aged 64 or 65 years.



COURT RECORDS OF AUGUSTA COUNTY 1745-1800

CIRCUIT COURT RECORDS, SECTION "I."

JUDGMENTS.

page 222

Austin vs. Brand--O. S. 300; N. S. 107--From Augusta. ---- Caldwell died, intestate; left sons (eldest), John and Robert.



MARRIAGE LICENSES, MARRIAGE BONDS, AND MARRIAGES.

MARRIAGES LICENSES IN AUGUSTA COUNTY.

page 276

1761--November 1, William Ralston; November 17, Daniel Harvey, Richard Morris; November 18, David Caldwell, Moses Moore; November 21, William Ward; December 29, Adam Dunlap; March ----, Thomas Hugart, Robert Patterson; April ----, Thomas Hutcheson, John Graham, Wm. Crow, George Moffett; May ----, John Dunlop, James Ewing; June ----, William Lockhart, William Thompson, Robert Buchanan; July ----, Daniel Harrison, Nenian Curry, James Pollock; August ----, Leonard Herron, Francis Smith, Wm. Bowyer; October ----, Robert Richey, George Francisco.


Volume 3

ABSTRACTS OF WILLS OF AUGUSTA COUNTY, VIRGINIA. AUGUSTA COUNTY COURT. WILL

BOOK NO. 1.

ADDITIONAL MEMBERS OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.

page 8

Page 60.--17th September, 1747. Eleanor Taylor qualifies administratrix of John Taylor, with surety Robert Caldwell. [p.8]



ABSTRACTS OF WILLS OF AUGUSTA COUNTY, VIRGINIA. AUGUSTA COUNTY COURT. WILL

BOOK NO. 1.

ADDITIONAL MEMBERS OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.

page 22

Page 370.--27th August, 1751. John Hodge's appraisement, by Wm. Draper, Robert Caldwell, Wm. McGee. Due from John Lee, Robert Caldwell, Nicholas Seahorn.



ABSTRACTS OF WILLS OF AUGUSTA COUNTY, VIRGINIA. AUGUSTA COUNTY COURT. WILL

BOOK NO. 2.

ADDITIONAL MEMBERS OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.

page 36

Page 70.--14th August, 1754. John Black's accounts drs. to Michael Bealey's estate: To Wm. Bishop, to Ezekiah Inman, Edward Hall, Joseph Love, George Caldwell. Estate of Michael Realey to John Black, administrator; 1 day's work to my son. John's mare at hay and grain in my stable. To entertaining 20 men and horses at sundry times. To attendance on his death bed 17 days. To light, wake and burying. To making a bier for carrying his body. To fine muslin stock. To washing and dressing his clothes. To paling his grave and 1 walnut coffin. To my son Anthony, 20 days hunting a colt. To owing at George Caldwell's. To viewing of work at David Cunningham's.



ABSTRACTS OF WILLS OF AUGUSTA COUNTY, VIRGINIA. AUGUSTA COUNTY COURT. WILL

BOOK NO. 2.

ADDITIONAL MEMBERS OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.

page 39

Page 104.--26th January, 1755. John Glass' will--Wife, Sarah; children, Samuel, John, William, Elizabeth, Sarah and Mary. The 100 acres lying between Joseph Glass and John Bukket; gives testator's part to John Bukket. The 150 acres lying between David Glass' line and Mr. Wood's, also to John Bukket Executors are Wm. Wright, wife Sarah, Richard Pillson. Teste: James Caldwell, Andrew Alexander, John States. Proved, 21st May, 1755, by all witnesses, and all executors qualify. [p.39]



ABSTRACTS OF WILLS OF AUGUSTA COUNTY, VIRGINIA. AUGUSTA COUNTY COURT. WILL

BOOK NO. 2.

ADDITIONAL MEMBERS OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.

page 41

Page 141.--4th August, 1755. John Glass' appraisement by James Caldwell, Andrew Alexander, John Shields. John Glass' estate due to Patrick Kenan, Thomas Shields, Robert Moody, Wm. Long, Jas. Moody, Jno. Bigam, Samuel Downy, Thos. Brown, Jas. McLong, Arthur Hamilton, Wm. Karr.



ABSTRACTS OF WILLS OF AUGUSTA COUNTY, VIRGINIA. AUGUSTA COUNTY COURT. WILL

BOOK NO. 2.

ADDITIONAL MEMBERS OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.

page 56

Page 345.--23d November, 1759. George Handy's estate settlement--Paid Thos. Ellwick, paid Margaret Caldwell, paid John Pennywait; Turner's tools, chair frames, chairs--no purchaser.



ABSTRACTS OF WILLS OF AUGUSTA COUNTY, VIRGINIA. AUGUSTA COUNTY COURT. WILL

BOOK NO. 2.

ADDITIONAL MEMBERS OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.

page 59

Page 412.--21st August, 1760. Robert Gibson's appraisement, by Jno. Finley, Geo. Caldwell, Wm. Caldwell.



ABSTRACTS OF WILLS OF AUGUSTA COUNTY, VIRGINIA. AUGUSTA COUNTY COURT. WILL

BOOK NO. 3.

ADDITIONAL MEMBERS OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.

page 70

Page 156.--6th February, 1762.--James Litster's estate sold to, viz: James Ward, Geo. Wilson, Mathew Reed, Wm. Cabeen, Chas. Donnally, Ro. Armstrong, Edward Long, Pat. Cunningham, Andw. Greer, Thos. Fulton, Margt. Cameron, Jno. Stewart, Ro. Reed, Geo. Francisco, David Bell, Wm. Poage, Wm. Crow, Luke Bowyer, Abraham Thornton, Wm. Henderson, Jno. Buchanan, Thos. O'Neal, Alex. Gibson, Alex. Wright, Jno. Francis, James Simpson, Geo. Weaver, Philip Helveston, Jno. King, Geo. Anderson, Rev. Mr. Craige, Andw. Russell, Saml. Caldwell, Joseph Roberts, Jno. Gregory, Jno. Lucas, Mathew Clark, Jno. Anderson, Jr., James Robinson, Jacob Parsinger, Saml. Moore, Christopher Vinyard, Thos. Patterson, the Widow Bell, Ralph Gorrell, Jos. Russell, James Gilmore, Simon Robertson, James Hughes.



ABSTRACTS OF WILLS OF AUGUSTA COUNTY VIRGINIA. AUGUSTA COUNTY COURT. WILL

BOOK No. 4.

ADDITIONAL MEMBERS OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.

page 123

Page 503.--18th May, 1772. William Johnston's estate appraised by George Caldwell, Wm. Palmer, John Caldwell.



WILL BOOK NO. VI.

ADDITIONAL MEMBERS OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.

page 161

Page 209.--4th July, 1774. William Thompson's will (of Tinkling)--To youngest son, Robert; to wife; to six children, viz: Alexander, John, Robert, Agnes Edmundson, Rebecca McNeelly, Sarah Hendry. Executors, sons Alexander and Robert. Teste: William and John Caldwell, John Finley. Proved, 20th November, 1781, by Jno. Caldwell and Finley.

Parks

CHRONICLES OF THE Scotch-Irish Settlement IN VIRGINIA EXTRACTED FROM THE ORIGINAL

COURT RECORDS OF AUGUSTA COUNTY 1745-1800

WILL BOOK No. X.

ADDITIONAL MEMBERS OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.

page 236

Page 390.-- -- ----, 1808. Joseph Parks' will--To son, James; grandsons, Joseph, Thomas, and John Parks; children of son, Thomas, deceased, infants; to son, Joseph; son, William; son, David; daughter, Ann Wilson; daughter, Rebecca Finley. Executors, (son) Joseph Parks and Joseph Cowan. Teste: Richard, Reuben, Fanny Holt, Jas. Kennerley, Jr.; Andrew Barry. Proved, 24th September, 1810. Cowan refuses. Parks qualifies.