The Todds of Augusta
There were two Todd families that settled in Augusta County
- William Todd born abt 1700 who came by 1750 from New
Jersey with his adult and young children to the Buffalo Creek area
County (later Rockbridge
- James Todd born abt 1750 who was in Rockingham Co in 1787 probably near
the border with Augusta and then settled in
1791 and died on Pudding Spring Draft of Mossey
Creek in 1799.
Family historians for decades have tried unsuccessfully to
determine if James Todd could have been a grandson of William Todd (through his
son James 1726-1789). However,
there is no conclusive evidence of this and the evidence we have is
contradictory. See discussion at
the end of this section.
Below is a brief summary of these two families.
William Todd b abt 1700
William Todd came from northern Ireland prior to 1723 and
settled in New
must have been a staunch Presbyterian because he travelled all the way to Abington Presbyterian Church in
County to have his first
children born between 1723 and 1728 and then again 1736 to 1738. In the interlude, he and his wife Alice
went all the way to First Presbyterian in downtown Philadelphia to have three
of their children baptized.
Williamís brother John married at
Church in 1724 and had a
pattern of baptizing in Abington and First Presbyterian similar to
By 1735, William and his four brothers (including Robert Todd
the ancestor of Mary Todd Lincoln) and a sister were living in Somerset County, New
Jersey and buying goods on credit at the Janeway Store in Bound Brook New
the 1740s, he is reported in court records in Hunterdon County New Jersey and by
1750, he had taken the long journey down the Valley of Virginia to settle on a branch of Buffalo
Creek just beyond the southern end of the Benjamin Borden grant (present
But he didnít stay put.
In 1760, he sold his land to his son Samuel and moved to Turnip Creek in
Bedford Co. We have no record of
his death, but two of his sons sold his Turnip Creek land in 1770 and 1772; so
he was either dead or had moved out of the area with one of his children.
His children were:
Todd 1723-1792 (died in Jefferson Co TN)
- Elizabeth Todd born
- James Todd born 1726 d
1789 Rockbridge Co
- ..ry (presumed Mary) born 1728 md Samuel
Hutton before 1752, went to KY with dau Mary and
son-in-law John McMurtry
- Sarah born 1729/30
md John Houtson and died 1795 Blount Co, TN
- Hannah born 1731/2
reportedly (family tradition) md James McMurtry in
Bedford Co VA
- Alice born 1734
(possibly married James Hutton)
- Lydia Todd born 1736
md James McKee who died 1778 and Lydia &
family went to KY
- William Todd born 1738,
sold fatherís land in 1770 and moved to Botetourt Co and was last seen on 1778
Rockbridge Co tax list
- Samuel Todd, born ca
1739/40, was sheriff and tax collector in Botetourt Co, went to KY 1807 and
died there 1813.
- John Todd born ca 1746
(not proven but highly likely), went to KY 1780/1781 and then Lincoln Co TN abt 1817 where he died in 1829.
For more detail, click here:Wiliam
Todd Family (click here)
James Todd d 1799 Augusta Co, VA
James Todd abt 1750 d 1799 first
appears conclusively in the 1787 to 1789 tax list for Rockingham
Co under Capt Joseph Smith and Capt Uriah Gartens. Uriah Gartens was associated in
the public records with the Dever/Devier family who
lived on Mossey Creek near the Augusta Co border; so
presumably thatís where James Todd lived.
He appeared in the Augusta Co tax lists first in 1791 in
Joseph Bellís district, and then in the Districts of the Kinney family 1793
until his death in 1799. In 1795,
he encumbered a debt with Walter and James Davis (who had bought land in 1793 on
Pudding Spring Draft of Mossey Creek). In 1799, the Davisí went to court to
James seems to have obtained some sort of verbal agreement
from the Davisí
to sell to James Todd their 104 acre parcel on Pudding Spring Draft near Mt
Solon. This land was obtained by
patent by Moses Hall in 1755/1756, sold to the Hogshead family and then to
Walter and James Davis in 1793.
In 1804, Jamesís sons George, Nathan and Samuel agreed to sell to their
brother James Todd Jr. their interest in the land their father was in possession
of at his death and which they seemed to infer came to them by inheritance. But there is no evidence that the land
was actually deeded to James Todd.
In 1820-1822, James Todd Jr. obtained a court judgement (presumably based on the verbal commitment of the
Davisí to sell)
that resulted in the Walter and James Davis selling James Todd Jr. the 104 acre
Jamesí children were:
- George born 1770-1775
who was executor of the estate of his father went to Pendleton Co then then Kahawha Co in present day
Virginia by 1840
- Nathan born abt 1775 who married in Madison Co KY about 1805, but
returned to Augusta Co before 1820.
- Samuel born 1781/1783
md 1818 Susann Britton,
md 1834 Jane Davies, was in Botetourt Co by 1840 and
Craig Co by 1860 where he died in 1862.
- James Jr, born abt 1783 md Catherin Seiple 1812 d 1834.
- Elizabeth md 1823 George Britton
James Todd d 1799 connection to William Todd family
As mentioned above, family historians have been trying to
prove that James Todd d 1799 was the grandson of William Todd of Buffalo
Creek. Here is the evidence in
support and against.
Evidence in support
- James Todd descendants
are an exact genetic match with the family of William Todd. (This means that James COULD have been a descendant of William, but he could also have
been a cousin from a family that immigrated from Northern
Ireland independently of Williamís
- There is a James Todd
who served in the military operation of Pt Pleasant in DunMoreís War in 1774.
He was from Augusta Co and some sources say that Most if not all of that military unit were from the
Rockingham area of Augusta Co. He
would be the right age to be James Todd d 1799 of Mossey Creek.
Walter, James and John Davis family of Northern Augusta County associated with James Todd d 1799
may have been kin to the Nathaniel and James
Davis family that moved from the Beverly Manor area of Augusta Co between 1751
and 1763 to the Buffalo Creek area where James Davisí son Samuel married
Hannah Todd in 1758.
Samuel Davis who
married Hannah Todd in 1758 was probably born in the 1730s and was the son of
James Davis. James Davis bought
land on Buffalo Creek in 1751, 1759, and 1762 in lands next to the Todds; Nathaniel Davis got a grant there in 1763 having
sold his Beverly Manor land in 1760.
Nathanielís 1749 Beverly Manor
grant was about 6 miles west of the cluster of Walter (1753)
, John and William Davis in
the 1730s/1740s and this cluster in turn was 4 miles west of James Davisí 1738
grant. Whether this proximity
is cause to assume family connection is not clear. Though there are records connecting
Walter, John and James Davis together; we have nothing to connect them to
Nathaniel other than proximity.
James Todd who appeared in the 1774 record does not seem to appear in any
subsequent records. The next
appearance of a James Todd in northern Augusta Co is in 1787 and not in the
tax lists between 1782 and 1787.
This does not suggest that the James of 1774 is the James of 1787.
- There is an Andrew Todd
born abt 1762 that has an identical DNA structure to
the William Todd family that was in York
County, Pennsylvania in 1779 and
1781, married in Maryland in 1782, and appears in Rockingham
in 1787 in Capt George Crissomís company, and then
went to Tazewell Co by 1789. The
fact that other families had identical DNA structures means that James is not
necessarily a descendant of William or his brothers.
- Though the Todds of Buffalo Creek and the Todds of MOssey Creek were
associated with Davis cousins, we have no evidence that this
means that the Todds were related.