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Occupations of Fauquier County, Virginia will include a discussion of the different occupations and the citizens who made their living working these occupations. We will happily add more as you submit information. Let's make a list of these people from the 1850 census and other records.

  • Carpenter
  • Clergymen
  • Coopers
  • Clerks
  • Doctors
  • Farmers
  • Grist Mill
  • House of Burgesses
  • Judges
  • Lawyers
  • Lock Tender
  • Merchants
  • Miller
  • Ordinaries
  • Politicians
  • Sheriffs
  • Stone Mason
  • Wheelwright


    compiled by Dan Burrows

    "I put these 130 items together from many sources and used it as a handout for our local Orange County (NY) Genealogical Society. I was asked by many recipients if the CHART could be forwarded to other lists or used in local newsletters. The answer is yes -- please share this information."

    Dan Burrows
    Old Occupations
    Accomptant    Accountant
    Almoner         Giver of charity to the needy
    Amanuensis   Secretary or stenographer
    Artificer       A soldier mechanic who does repairs
    Bailie            Bailiff
    Baxter           Baker
    Bluestocking    Female writer
    Boniface        Keeper of an inn
    Brazier          One who works with brass
    Brewster       Beer manufacturer
    Brightsmith   Metal Worker
    Burgonmaster    Mayor
    Caulker          One who filled up cracks (in ships or windows or
    seems to make them watertight by using tar or oakum-hem fiber
    produced by taking old ropes apart
    Chaisemaker  Carriage maker
    Chandler        Dealer or trader; one who makes or sells candles;
    retailer of groceries, ship supplier
    Chiffonnier     Wig maker
    Clark            Clerk
    Clerk            Clergyman, cleric
    Clicker         The servant of a salesman who stood at the door to
    invite customers; one who received the matter in the galley from the
    compositors and arranged it in due form ready for printing;  one
    who makes eyelet holes in  boots  using a machine which clicked.
    Cohen           Priest
    Collier         Coal miner
    Colporteur    Peddler of books
    Cooper          One who makes or repairs vessels made of staves &
    hoops, such as casks, barrels, tubs, etc.
    Cordwainer   Shoemaker, originally any leather worker using
    leather from  Cordova/Cordoba in Spain
    Costermonger    Peddler of fruits and vegetables
    Crocker         Potter
    Crowner        Coroner
    Currier         One who dresses the coat of a horse with a
    currycomb;  one who tanned leather by   incorporating oil or grease
    Docker          Stevedore, dock worker who loads and unloads cargo
    Dowser         One who finds water using a rod or witching stick
    Draper          A dealer in dry goods
    Drayman       One who drives a long strong cart without fixed
    sides  for carrying heavy loads
    Dresser         A surgeon's assistant in a hospital
    Drover          One who drives cattle, sheep, etc. to market;  a
    dealer in cattle
    Duffer          Peddler
    Factor          Agent, commission merchant;  one who acts or
    transacts business for another; Scottish steward or bailiff of an
    Farrier          A blacksmith, one who shoes horses
    Faulkner        Falconer
    Fell monger   One who removes hair or wool from hides in
    preparation for leather making
    Fletcher        One who made bows and arrows
    Fuller            One who fulls cloth;one who shrinks and thickens
    woolen cloth by  moistening,   heating, and pressing; one who
    cleans  and finishes cloth
    Gaoler            A keeper of the goal, a jailer
    Glazier           Window glassman
    Hacker            Maker of hoes
    Hatcheler       One who combed out or carded flax
    Haymonger      Dealer in hay
    Hayward         Keeper of fences
    Higgler           Itinerant peddler
    Hillier            Roof tiler
    Hind               A farm laborer
    Holster          A groom who took care of horses, often at an inn
    Hooker           Reaper
    Hooper           One who made hoops for casks and barrels
    Huckster        Sells small wares
    Husbandman    A farmer who cultivated the land
    Jagger            Fish peddler
    Journeyman    One who had served his apprenticeship and
    mastered his craft,  not bound to serve a master, but hired by  the
    Joyner / Joiner A skilled carpenter
    Keeler            Bargeman
    Kempster       Wool comber
    Lardner          Keeper of the cupboard
    Lavender        Washer woman
    Lederer          Leather maker
    Leech             Physician
    Longshoreman    Stevedore
    Lormer           Maker of horse gear
    Malender         Farmer
    Maltster         Brewer
    Manciple         A steward
    Mason             Bricklayer
    Mintmaster     One who issued local currency
    Monger            Seller of goods (ale, fish)
    Muleskinner    Teamster
    Neatherder      Herds cows
    Ordinary Keeper     Innkeeper with fixed prices
    Pattern Maker   A maker of a clog shod with an iron ring. A clog
    was a wooden pole with a  pattern cut into the end
    Peregrinator  Itinerant wanderer
    Peruker          A wig maker
    Pettifogger    A shyster lawyer
    Pigman           Crockery dealer
    Plumber         One who applied sheet lead for roofing and set lead
    frames for plain or stained glass windows.
    Porter            Door keeper
    Puddler          Wrought iron worker
    Quarrier         Quarry worker
    Rigger            Hoist tackle worker
    Ripper            Seller of fish
    Roper             Maker of rope or nets
    Saddler          One who makes, repairs or sells saddles or other
    furnishings for horses
    Sawbones       Physician
    Sawyer           One who saws; carpenter
    Schumacker    Shoemaker
    Scribler         A minor or worthless author
    Scrivener       Professional or public copyist or writer; notary public
    Scrutiner       Election judge
    Shrieve          Sheriff
    Slater            Roofer
    Slopseller      Seller of ready-made clothes in a slop shop
    Snobscat / Snob One who repaired shoes
    Sorter           Tailor
    Spinster        A woman who spins or an unmarried woman
    Spurrer         Maker of spurs
    Squire           Country gentleman;  farm owner;  justice of peace
    Stuff gown    Junior barrister
    Stuff gownsman  Junior barrister
    Supercargo    Officer on merchant ship who is in charge of cargo
    and the commercial concerns of the ship.
    Tanner           One who tans (cures) animal hides into leather
    Tapley           One who puts the tap in an ale cask
    Tasker           Reaper
    Teamster     One who drives a team for hauling
    Thatcher        Roofer
    Tide waiter    Customs inspector
    Tinker            Am itinerant tin pot and pan seller and repairman
    Tipstaff         Policeman
    Travers          Toll bridge collection
    Tucker            Cleaner of cloth goods
    Turner            A person who turns wood on a lathe into spindles
    Victualer        A tavern keeper, or one who provides an army, navy,
    or  ship with food
    Vulcan            Blacksmith
    Wagoner          Teamster not for hire
    Wainwright     Wagon maker
    Waiter            Customs officer or tide waiter; one who waited on the
    tide to collect duty on goods brought in.
    Waterman        Boatman who plies for hire
    Webster          Operator of looms
    Wharfinger      Owner of a wharf
    Wheelwright    One who made or repaired wheels; wheeled
    Whitesmith    Tinsmith; worker of iron who finishes or polishes
    the work
    Whitewing     Street sweeper
    Whitster       Bleach of cloth
    Wright          Workman, especially a construction worker
    Yeoman         Farmer who owns his own land