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Supplies for Company A,
5th Virginia Cavalry

L. Roane Hunt & Mary Barnett

Maj. John W. Puller

When the 5th Virginia Cavalry was reorganized in the Spring of 1862, Company A was formed from the  Gloucester Light Dragoons of the old Virginia Militia.  John W. Puller was elected Captain of the Gloucester Light Dragoons on November 19, 1859, and May 7, 1861,1 when they enlisted in 5th Virginia Cavalry at Gloucester Court House.  The Gloucester men spent their first year of service at Gloucester Point, attached as a cavalry squadron to the 26th Virginia Infantry.  They also maintained an outpost in Guinea.2 

In the latter part of 1861, Company A was sent to York County and stayed at the “Half Way House” on the main road from Yorktown to Hampton.  (See Map.3)  A. S. Hughes, a member of the 5th Virginia Cavalry, Co. A, gave an inter­esting account of the early months of this group.4 

“Entering the army April, 1861, we carried the first cannon to Gloucester Point and there camped for nearly a year, doing picket duty at various places while there.  The latter part of 1861, we were transferred over to Yorktown, Virginia, across the York River, by means of schooners only staying there a short while before we were transferred to what was known as the “Half Way House” between Yorktown and Hampton, near Bethel Church, where the first battle was fought.  While stationed at this point, we destroyed a number of boats on Back River to prevent negroes from escaping and going to the Yankee Army.  We also destroyed a Grist mill to prevent its use by the Yankees.”

“During the engagement of the MERRIMAC and MONITOR in Hampton Roads we were ordered to attack by land, driving the Yankees out of a town which is now known as Newport News, Virginia, there, defeating them.  C. J. Ware lost his hat in this engagement.  In charging the enemy at this point the ground was so soft, very little headway could be made.  We were then ordered back to Bethel Church and at this time General Magruder came up with his troops and, thinking we were the enemy, came very near firing on us.  We were ordered again to the Half-Way-House with General Magruder and his troops, engaging the enemy, defeat­ing them and causing them to retreat to Hampton under the protection of ships.  We then camped at Bethel Church for pickett duty at Sawyer Swamp, Floating Bridge and Bennet’s Store.  At this point the enemy engaged us for battle and we fell back to Yorktown Virginia.  At this point General Magruder was ordered to dismount and give countersign, thinking he was one of the enemy and it was also at this place did Lieutenant Ray, of the James City Cavalry was badly wounded.  The steady advancing of the enemy caused us to fall back into Yorktown proper. 

Capt. Junius Brutus Browne
5th Va. Cav., Co. A

There, we formed into line of battle but were ordered to retreat to Gloucester Point.  Yorktown, having been surren­dered to the Yankees, we kept on to King and Queen Counties. Having reached the Half-Way-House between Richmond and Petersburg, we were ordered to Richmond for general duty for some time.  At this place, we were given Lances with our flags and they called us the ‘BUTTERFLY REGIMENT.’”

In December, 1862, John W. Puller was pro­moted to Major, and on December 18, 1962, Junius Brutus Browne was promoted and assigned Captain of Company A.5  He had served this group at the rank of Lieu­tenant since November 19, 1859.  This unit went on to participate in much of the war activities and were present in the final event at Appomattox, VA.

Thomas Benjamin Rowe, born in 1818, en­listed in Company A on July 22, 1861, but was dis­charged for overage on July 15, 1862, at the age of 43.6  He was a farmer and operated the Freeport Wharf and Store on the Piankatank River.  Portions of the store accounts now belong to Mrs. Mary Barnett that refer to various supplies that were charged to individual members of company A.  The accounts consist of money due Captain Browne and paid to him contained in two small booklets made of small sheets of paper sewn together as a binding.  A photo-copy of the booklet, opened to the first two pages is presented on page 18 in its actual size.  Some of the lines were marked “Pd.”  Also, there were lists of payments and other entries of payments in the booklets.

The tables presented include only the charges due Captain Browne and were derived from the two booklets.  The full names and identification were derived from the book entitled, “5th Virginia Cavalry” by Robert J. Driver, Jr., and the federal census for 1850 through 1880 that has been published by Cy Rilee. 

First two pages of Booklet: Memorandum Book For Cap. T. B. Browne

Company A consisted of Gloucester men that were related to each other by family, marriage, and neighbors in various communities.  Captain Browne married Emily Roane in 1851, who was a sister of George Alvin Roane of Company A.  George married Margaret Booth immediately after the war on December 7, 1865.  They had one daughter, but George died in 1868.  George’s widow then married John Henry Leigh, also from Company A.  Mary Booth, sister of Margaret, married William Burnett Catlett of Company A.  Margaret and Mary were nieces of Robert Munford Sinclair of Company A.  Robert Sinclair was a brother to John Sinclair and a brother-in-law to Lt. James Christopher Baytop, both of Company A.

There were six Leavitts from Gloucester enlisted in Company A of the 5th Vir­ginia Cavalry: Edward A., William R., William Franklin, John William, James A., and Wyndahm H. Leavitt.  Although Wyndahm’s death was recorded as February 14, 1865, 7 he was listed in the marriage records in his marriage to Bettie A. Pointer on February 11, 1875 and he was a long time resident of the county.  Many of the Leavitts were distinguished citizens in county affairs after the war.

 While the Gloucester men of the 26th Virginia Infantry waited at Gloucester Point and South of Richmond to fight for about two and a half years, the Company A of the 5th Virginia Cavalry were on the move.  They were killed and captured along the way and many were captured upon their home visits.  In the Fall of 1862, they were in Maryland, and then they crossed over into Northern Virginia where Hugh A. South was captured in October, 1862, in Warrenton. 8  In 1863, two men were captured in Gloucester: Peter B. Hughes in January and James B. Hughes in November. 9  In May 1863, Charles H. Harper and Christopher Marriott Swan were captured at Thompson’s Cross Roads near Chancellorsville. 10  In October John W. Puryear was captured at Upperville near Culpeper. 11 

Thomas Benjamin Rowe

In the first three months of 1864, the men of Company A received furloughs to rest their horses and themselves and to visit their homes.  Their instructions were to meet at Orange Courthouse on April 1.  This was the time of raids by the federal troops into King and Queen, Gloucester, and Mathews Counties. 12  John R. Lamberth, Thomas E. Lamberth, and Adrian Summerfield Lawson were captured in King and Queen County.  Two men were killed in Gloucester: Francis A. (Frank) Covan and Vincent D. Edwards.   Fourteen men were captured in Gloucester: D. T. Biggs, William Burwell Catlett, Atwood C. Chapman, Robert J. Clements, Marcellus J. Cochew, Robert J. Coleman, James Monroe Dobson, Elijah F. Dutton, Maris Vernon Kerns, Thomas R. Leigh, Willoughby Wingfield Mason, William J. D. Pointer, John Hairstron Seawell, and Thomas B. Stubblefield.  Later in 1864, William Peter R. Leigh was capture in King and Queen County and William Jefferson Jeremiah Thrift and John W. Thurston were capture in Gloucester. 

In the Spring of 1864, Henry C. Hughes was captured at Ellicott’s, Stephen Decatur Rowe was captured at Yellow Tavern, and Theodore W. Thrift was captured at Hanover.  In the Fall, Joseph F. Diggs, William C. Diggs, Richard Henry Hogg, James Lee Philpott, Samuel Duval Pointer, George Alvin Roane, and Emanuel Jones Thurston were all captured at Luray on September 24, 1864. 13  Cincinnatus J. Ware was killed in upper King and Queen County in November, 1864. 14 

In the Spring on April 4, 1865, James Christopher Baytop and James S. Gwynn were captured at Dinwiddie Courthouse, and John H. Hogg, Andrew J. Sale, and Samuel C. Shield were captured at Five Forks.  On April 9, 1865, General Robert E. Lee surrendered at nearby Appomattox.  Many of the men of Company A of the 5th Virginia Cavalry enlisted in the War as experienced soldiers, and consequently, they were assigned a very active part in the war activities for its full duration. 15 

References:

  1. Driver, Robert J., Jr., 5th Virginia Cavalry, H. E. Howard, Lynchburg, VA, 1997, Pg. 245.

  2. Smith, Elizabeth Page, Steadfast Faith: The Proving Years, Fine Books Division, William Byrd Press, Richmond, VA, 1990, Pg. 12.

  3. Driver, Robert J., Jr., 5th Virginia Cavalry, H. E. Howard, Lynchburg, VA, 1997, Pg. 23.

  4. Smith, Nellie Shackleford, Reminiscences: Confederate Soldiers of Gloucester County, Virginia, Sally Tompkins Chapter, United Daughters of the Confederacy, of Gloucester County, Virginia, Pg. 54-56.

  5. Driver, Robert J., Jr., 5th Virginia Cavalry, H. E. Howard, Lynchburg, VA, 1997, Pg. 189.
    Ibid. Pg. 250.

  6. Ibid. Pg. 228.

  7. Ibid. Pg. 40-42, 255.

  8. Ibid. Pg. 220.

  9. Ibid. Pg. 51, 215, 257.

  10. Ibid. Pg. 62-65, 245.

  11. Ibid. Pg. 71-72.

  12. Ibid. Pg. 87-89.

  13. Ibid. Pg. 263.

  14. Ibid. Pg. 105-108.

Memorandum Book for Capt. J. B. Browne
List of Accounts due Capt. Browne

Name

Amount

Identification

June 25, 1862

John Hairstron Seawell

$10.00

b. 1841, d. 1929, 1860 Glo. Census #332

June 25

John Henry Bushing

$10.00

b. 1826 in PA, 1860 Glo. Census #1007

July 20

Henry Bradley Catlett

$15.00

b. 1841, 1850 Glo. Census #926

July 20

William Burnett Catlett

$10.00

b. 1839, d. 1869, 1850 Glo. Census #926

Aug 1

George Alvin Roane

$5.00

b. 8/1/1834, d. 1/4/1868, 1860 Glo. Census #475

Aug 1

John Ashe Harwood

$5.00

b. 8/11/1842, d. 4/14/1914, 1850 Glo. Census #543

Aug 1

John Ashe Harwood

$5.00

b. 8/11/1842, d. 4/14/1914, 1850 Glo. Census #543

Sept 4

Henry C. Hughes

$3.50

b. 1843, 1860 Glo. Census #17

Oct 7

J. H. Marchant (James)

$5.00

b. 4/11/1831, d. 12/23/1870, Buried in Mathews

Oct 7

Lt. James Christopher Baytop

$2.00

b. 2/18/1834, d. 12/5/1896, 1860 Glo. Census #149

Dec 1

Thomas Jefferson Dunston

$10.00

b. 1843, d. 6/17/1863, 1860 Glo. Census #106

Dec 1

J. Hiram Seawell

$5.00

On postwar roster

Dec 30

Thomas Jefferson Dunston

$15.00

b. 1843, d. 6/17/1863, 1860 Glo. Census #106

Dec 30

James A. Golder

$2.00

b. 1844 in King and Queen Co.

Dec 30

Wynham H. Leavitt

$25.00

b. 1840, d. 2/14/1865??, 1860 Glo. Census #141

Jan 9, 1863

Thomas B. Stubblefield

$10.00

b. 1842, 1860 Glo. Census #141

14

H. Palestine Hall

$5.00

b. 1842, 1860 Glo. Census #323

14

Thomas H. Wright

$10.00

b. 1837, d. 3/2/1865,1860 Glo. Census #150

14

Thomas B. Stubblefield

$4.00

b. 1842, 1860 Glo. Census #141

21

Thomas Jefferson Dunston

$5.00

b. 1843, d. 6/17/1863, 1860 Glo. Census #106

22

Wynham H. Leavitt

$15.00

b. 1840, d. 2/14/1865??, 1860 Glo. Census #141

22

George Washington Smith

$20.00

b. 1824, d. 9/10/1869, 1860 Glo. Census #16

23

Stephen Decatur Rowe

$10.00

b. 1842, d. 3/5/1891, 1850 Glo. Census #111

23

James A. Leavitt

$5.00

b. 12/11/1831, d. 12/14/1899, 1860 Glo. Census #599

23

William Jones Pointer

$10.00

b. 1839, d. abt 1865, 1860 Glo. Census #1002

23

Wynham H. Leavitt

$10.00

b. 1840, d. 2/14/1865??, 1860 Glo. Census #141

27

George Washington Smith

$20.00

b. 1824, d. 9/10/1869, 1860 Glo. Census #16

23

George Alvin Roane

$20.00

b. 8/1/1834, d. 1/4/1868, 1860 Glo. Census #475

27

Thomas Jones Clopton

$10.00

b. 1838, d. 3/10/1914, 1860 Glo. Census #860

27

Robert J. Clements

$15.00

b. 1842, d. 1927, 1860 Glo. Census #860

27

Thomas B. Stubblefield

$5.00

b. 1842, 1860 Glo. Census #141

 

William Iverson

$5.00

b. 1820, d. 5/18/1900, 1860 Glo. Census #233

 

Robert J. Clements

$5.00

b. 1842, d. 1927, 1860 Glo. Census #860

 

Thomas H. Wright

$5.00

b. 1837, d. 3/2/1865, 1860 Glo. Census #150

 

John Sinclair, Jr.

$9.00

b. 1831, d. abt 1893,1860 Glo. Census #243

 

John Ashe Harwood

$5.00

b. 8/11/1842, d. 4/14/1914, 1850 Glo. Census #543

 

H. Palestine Hall

$5.00

b. 1842, 1860 Glo. Census #323

 

Peter B. Hughes

$10.00

b. 1840, 1860 Glo. Census #570

 

William Henry Davis

$10.00

b. 1839, 1860 Glo. Census #214

Feb

William Burnett Catlett

$5.00

b. 1839, d. 1869, 1850 Glo. Census #926

 

Lt. Edward A. Leavitt

$1.50

b. 1832

 

Stephen Decatur Rowe

$1.50

b. 1842, d. 3/5/1891, 1850 Glo. Census #111

 

Dr. Philip S. Spindle

$10.00

b. 1827, 1860 Glo. Census #944

 

Aaron D. Sterling

$10.00

b. 1840, 1860 Glo. Census #257

 

William R. Leavitt

$10.00

b. 1825, 1860 Glo. Census #105

 

James Lee Philpott

$5.00

b. 4/15/1833, d. 10/17/1906, 1860 Glo. Census #1

 

Marcellus J. Cochew

$5.00

b. 1832 in NY, d. 1903, 1860 Glo. Census #480

 

John Henry Leigh

$5.00

b. 1835, d. 1/24/1905, 1860 Glo. Census #459

 

Jasper C. Rowe

$5.00

b. 1838, d. 9/19/1864, 1850 Glo. Census #111

 

Atwood C. Chapman

$5.00

b. 1826, 1860 Glo. Census #449

 

Lt. William P. Bohannon

$100.00

b. 1837, Co. C

 

Dr. Philip S. Spindle

$25.00

b. 1827, 1860 Glo. Census #944

 

James A. Leavitt

$5.00

b. 12/11/1831, d. 12/14/1899, 1860 Glo. Census #599

 

James B. Hughes

$5.00

b. 1833, d. 2/19/1864, 1860 Glo. Census #456

 

Marcellus J. Cochew

$5.00

b. 1832 in NY, d. 1903, 1860 Glo. Census #480

 

John Henry Leigh

$5.00

b. 1835, d. 1/24/1905, 1860 Glo. Census #459

 

Richard Henry Hogg

$5.00

b. 1/4/1840, d. 3/5/1907, 1860 Glo. Census #121

 

John W. Williams

$5.00

b. 1833, d. 1907, 1860 Glo. Census #310

 

William T. Broaddus

$2.75

b. 1841, d. 3/27/1895, 1850 Glo. Census #390

 

Isaac L. Evans

$2.00

b. 1837, d. 5/1864, 1860 Glo. Census #959

 

Isaac L. Evans

$125.00

b. 1837, d. 5/1864, 1860 Glo. Census #959

 

Adrian Summerfield Lawson

$5.00

b. 1840, d. 12/7/1921, 1860 Glo. Census #491

 

William Iverson

$2.00

b. 1820, d. 5/18/1900, 1860 Glo. Census #233

 

Marcellus J. Williams

$25.00

b. 1823, 1860 Glo. Census #310

 

Wynham H. Leavitt

$5.00

b. 1840, d. 2/14/1865??, 1860 Glo. Census #141

 

George W. Hogg

$5.00

b. 1843, 1860 Glo. Census #116

 

John Ashe Harwood

$5.00

b. 8/11/1842, d. 4/14/1914, 1850 Glo. Census #543

 

Thomas Jefferson Dunston

$5.00

b. 1843, d. 6/17/1863, 1860 Glo. Census #106

 

William Jones Pointer

$5.00

b. 1839, d. abt 1865, 1860 Glo. Census #1002

 

Marcus Aurelius Simcoe

$5.00

b. 1830, d. 1861, 1860 Glo. Census #224

 

Thomas J. Minor

$5.00

b. 1835, Co. H, d. 1888, 1850 Glo. Census #789

 

John Ashe Harwood

$5.00

b. 8/11/1842, d. 4/14/1914, 1850 Glo. Census #543

 

Elijah J. Walker

$5.00

b. 1822, 1860 Glo. Census #246

 

Willoughby Wingfield Mason

$5.00

b. 7/11/1831, d. 4/2/1909, 1860 Glo. Census #873

 

Robert Jones Clements

$5.00

b. 1842, d. 1927, 1850 Glo. Census #647

 

Jasper C. Rowe

$5.00

b. 1838, d. 9/19/1864, 1850 Glo. Census #111

 

Stephen Decatur Rowe

$10.00

b. 1842, d. 3/5/1891, 1850 Glo. Census #111

 

John H. Hogg

$5.00

 

Mar

John W. Puryear

$5.00

b. 1842

 

Thomas H. Wright

$5.00

b. 1837, d. 3/2/1865, 1860 Glo. Census #150

 

James A. Leavitt

$5.00

b. 12/11/1831, d. 12/14/1899, 1860 Glo. Census #599

 

William Iverson

$2.00

b. 1820, d. 5/18/1900, 1860 Glo. Census #233

 

Thomas Jefferson Dunston

$2.00

b. 1843, d. 6/17/1863, 1860 Glo. Census #106

 

Lt. William H. Porter

$10.00

b. 1840, Adjutant

 

Lt. Edward A. Leavitt

$20.00

b. 1832

 

George Alvin Roane

$16.66

b. 8/1/1834, d. 1/4/1868, 1860 Glo. Census #475

 

Jacob Miller

$40.00

b. 1845, 1860 Glo. Census #111, Free person of color

 

John H. Hogg

$3.00

 

 

William Jones Pointer

$6.67

b. 1839, d. abt 1865, 1860 Glo. Census #1002

 

Thomas H. Wright

$6.67

b. 1837, d. 3/2/1865,1860 Glo. Census #150

A second list of accounts due Capt. Browne

Date

Name

Amount

Identification

 

Thomas Jones Clopton

$10.00

b. 1838, d. 3/10/1914, 1860 Glo. Census #860

 

Robert J. Clements

$5.00

b. 1842, d. 1927, 1860 Glo. Census #860

 

William Burnett Catlett

$5.00

b. 1839, d. 1869, 1850 Glo. Census #926

 

Lt. Edward A. Leavitt

$21.50

b. 1832

 

John Henry Leigh

$2.00

b. 1835, d. 1/24/1905, 1860 Glo. Census #459

 

Lt. William P. Bohannon

$100.00

b. 1837, Co. C

 

John W. Williams

$5.00

b. 1833, d. 1907, 1860 Glo. Census #310

 

Isaac L. Evans

$127.00

b. 1837, d. 5/1864, 1860 Glo. Census #959

 

Adrian Summerfield Lawson

$5.00

b. 1840, d. 12/7/1921, 1860 Glo. Census #491

 

Marcellus J. Williams

$7.00

b. 1823, 1860 Glo. Census #310

 

John W. Puryear

$5.00

b. 1842

 

Lt. William H. Porter

$10.00

b. 1840, Adjutant

 

William Jones Pointer

$6.67

b. 1839, d. abt 1865, 1860 Glo. Census #1002

 

William Thomas Fary

$20.00

b. 7/30/1838, d. 4/29/1895, 1860 Glo. Census #818

 

Dr. Philip S. Spindle

$10.00

b. 1827, 1860 Glo. Census #944

 

Wynham H. Leavitt

$5.00

b. 1840, d. 2/14/1865??, 1860 Glo. Census #141

 

James Henry Rowe

$110.00

b. 1824, 1860 Glo. Census #341

 

William Franklin Leavitt

$5.00

b. 1823, 1860 Glo. Census #359

 

Charles E. Sears

$20.00

b. 1843, 1860 Glo. Census #953

 

James S. Gwynn

$20.00

b. 1843

 

Alexander Shackelford

$20.00

b. 8/29/1827, d. 5/1/1902, 1860 Glo. Census #338

 

John Rowland Lewis

$50.00

b. 10/27/1841 in King William Co., d. 12/9/1899

 

Wynham H. Leavitt

$10.00

b. 1840, d. 2/14/1865??, 1860 Glo. Census #141

 

Stephen Decatur Rowe

$10.00

b. 1842, d. 3/5/1891, 1850 Glo. Census #111

 

Marcellus J. Williams

$18.00

b. 1823, 1860 Glo. Census #310

 

John Sinclair, Jr.

$10.00

b. 1831, d. abt 1893,1860 Glo. Census #243

 

William Iverson

$5.00

b. 1820, d. 5/18/1900, 1860 Glo. Census #233

 

Thomas H. Wright

$5.00

b. 1837, d. 3/2/1865, 1860 Glo. Census #150

 

John Henry Leigh

$160.00

b. 1835, d. 1/24/1905, 1860 Glo. Census #459

 

Robert Munford Sinclair

$140.00

b. 6/3/1828, d. 1/9/1901, 1860 Glo. Census #234

 

James Henry Rowe

$50.00

b. 1824, 1860 Glo. Census #341

 

Emanuel Jones Thurston

$35.00

b. 1837, d. 1883, 1860 Glo. Census #331

 

Lt. James Christopher Baytop

$10.00

b. 2/18/1834, d. 12/5/1896, 1860 Glo. Census #149

 

George Yelverton Booth

$10.00

b. 1833, d. aft. war, 1860 Glo. Census #243

 

John Ashe Harwood

$20.00

b. 8/11/1842, d. 4/14/1914, 1850 Glo. Census #543

 

William Thomas Fary

$20.00

b. 7/30/1838, d. 4/29/1895, 1860 Glo. Census #818

 

William Iverson

$1.50

b. 1820, d. 5/18/1900, 1860 Glo. Census #233

 

Peter B. Hughes

$20.00

b. 1840, 1860 Glo. Census #570

 

William H. Hughes

$10.00

b. 1838, 1850 Glo. Census #913

 

Col. Reuben Beverly Boston

$100.00

b. 4/21/1834 in Fluvanna Co., d. 4/6/1865, Brigade Commander

 

John H. Hogg

$5.00

 

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Last Updated  Friday, 30 January 2004 06:20 PM