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Chatham, Virginia 24531 P.O. 370
August 11, 1972

Dear Gordon,

The will Of William Wynne was probated here Nov. 26, 1778, in which he named Margaret Hendrick as one of eight children
 D. & W. 5, pp. 444-445. He left his home  plantation of 295 acres to his grandson, William Wynne, son of daughter Mary Wynne This with all his stock, household furniture etc. And one Negro allowing my wife,  Frances Wynne, the Liberty of living here her lifetime  Exors:  William and Thomas Wynn (hissons)

In 1770 a gift deed had been recorded from William Wynne to four of his grandchildren, children of Thomas Wynne and wife, Mary. A Negro was given to each grandchild.

In 1780  William Wynne and Frances Wynne, his grandmother  sold 295acres on Sandy Creek of Dan River to Humphrey Hendrick for 2000 pounds current money of Virginia. (D.B. 6, pp. 7-8)

Further research shows that in Feb. 1772, William Wynne, Jr. was acquitted of a murder charge. In 1837 a William Wynne was charged with maliciously stabbing Nimrod Ferguson, a Deputy Sheriff of the County.  (B. 1,p 367)

The Humphrey Hendrick who married Ann Davis Reynolds was probably Humphrey, Jr. although Senior could have married a second time. His daughters married about that time. The enclosed deed of 1806 may shed some light on his brothers and sisters. (No Proof)

Humphrey Hendrick was a Colonial soldier in 1758 in Amelia County REF: Virginia Colonial Militia  by Crozier.

I am  of the opinion that Samuel Adams and Tamsen Ann Dix ran away, as my grandmother told us, she riding behind him on his horse, and were married just across the line in North Carolina. Their home was very near the state line. Since her father objected seriously to the marriage,I believe they kept it a secret and when Col. Dix discovered the fact, he made them marry again a year later in Virginia, by his minister. I can remember when secret marriages were not recognized.

When I can find the time, I expect to go to Milton, N.C. and look for the record. My older sister ran away and was married there, but faced father's wrath rather than keep it a secret: She could not come home for weeks.

The descendents of James Dix were wealthy and very proud. They refused to claim kin with the John Dix, whose son inherited his ferry. One reason given was that after the Civil War, John's descendents associated with Negroes as equals.

When we lived in the country near Gretna, my grandmother kept an old leather trunk filled with mementos. Among them was a tiny white satin slipper worn by Henrietta Dix to a Ball that lasted all night. She contracted pneumonia  ; it was a bitter, cold night  and died soon after.This trunk was stolen,with all the valuables, soon after my father retired and closed the old home. Samuel Adams and Tamsen Ann are buried there. All graves are marked with handsome stones.

I seem to be rambling on and on. Will not bore you further.
As ever,
P.S.  James Dix's sons, James & William were trustees of City of Danville 1793. In one of the early Survey Book - 1780  There is a survey for Humphrey Hendrick. The Book is not indexed & I do not have the page number.

From the Records of the Circuit Court of Pittsylvania County, Virginia

1767 List of Tithables for Pittsylvania County
John Hendrick
(In 1760 John Hendrick processioned land in Lunenburg Co., VA   Ref: Vestry Book of Cumberland Parish, page 501, Bell. Pittsylvania County was formed from Halifax-1767and Halifax from Lunenburg County.)

D.B. 5, p. 280 The Church wardens bound out Harrison Carter to John Hurt Hendrick, Blacksmith   to learn a trade

Census of Pittsylvania Co., VA Heads of Families in VA  Humphrey Hendrick --- 8 white souls & 5 blacks

D.B. 8, p. 302, 303 Wynne to Hendrick
Charles Wynne of Dinwiddie County to Humphrey Hendrick of Pittsylvania Co., 100 acres on Dan River in County of Pittsylvania
Robert Wynne, to Humphrey Hendrick .. 300 acres on the S. side of Dan River in Pittsylvania Co.  part of a patent of 810 acres to William Wynne, Deceased,,,, dated 30 June 1760

October 20, D.B. 15, p. 201 Hendrick to Hendrick & Slaten
John Hurt Hendrick deeded 565 acres in the County of Pittsylvania onBurches Creek, a branch of Dan River to the following: (For 16 pounds current money of VA)

1) To Daniel Slaten ------- ---- 70 acres
2) To Absolom Hendrick ----- 70? acres
3) To John Hendrick -----------58 acres
4) To Humphrey Hendrick ----76 acres
5) To Alexander Hendrick ----76 acres
6) To Mary Hendrick -----------75 acres
7) To Martha Hendrick --------70 acres
8) To Sarah Hendrick ----------70 acres
                                                                                            John Hurt Hendrick (SEAL)


A.L. Lundsford
Brookneal, VA 24528
August 21, 1972

Lt. Col. Gordon Adams
Sunnyvale, California

Dear Col. Adams;
Thank you for your letter received today and I will explain as best I canthe statement made to Adams Addenda re: John Adams who supposedly married Susan Wood, daughter of Richard Wood of Brunswick Co., VA, referred in his will proven in September 1746.

I have not read his will so do not know whether he mentioned his daughter as Susan Wood Adams or the fact that John Adams married her is arrived at by implication. A John Adams son of Gabriel Adams of Fairfax, Co., VA sold100 acres land Fairfax Co. about 1758 and was mentioned as being apart of a tract of 515 acres patented by his father Gabriel in 1724, and was also said in the deed that he was from Lunenburg Co., VA and same deed was signed by wife Susanna. This same John Adams was named in the will of Gabriel Adams as a son when his will was proven in 1750. Therefore the John Adams who seems to be in question was in Lunenburg Co., VA after the date when Halifax was formed  from Lunenburg in 1752. As you probably know, Lunenburg was cut off of the County of Brunswick in 1746. Of course there may have been two John Adamses in Lunenburg Co., at the same time and both had wives named Susanna or Susannah, spelled both ways when she signed a number of deeds when John Adams sold land. This John Adams does not show up in the Census of Halifax County VA in 1782, but does show up in the1785, either he or his son, John,there having already been a John Adams  in Halifax as early as 1753 when named in a courtorder to work a road.He was my ancestor and lived on Banister River and Sandy Creek, as he described his plantation in his will probated in 1769. Another John Adams had a wife named Elizabeth (she signed two deeds),lived in Halifax Co. until Pittsylvania was formed in 1768 and from there on was in Pittsylvania. From various records of land sales and family name connections, it would seem that this John with wife Elizabeth was the son of William Adams who died inCharlotte Co., VA ca1769 and was also apparently brother of John d. Halifaxin 1769, William, that is.

From the excellent records of Halifax Co., which are intact from the date of it's formation in 1752, I have definite proof that John Adams with wife Susanna, father and mother of William, Sylve, Richard, John, Phillip, Benjamin, Susan Wood, Sarah, Elizabeth, and probably Samuel, did move from North Carolina about 1784 when he bought 841 ½ acres from Lawsono n Dan River and Coleman Creek in what is known as the Black Walnut section.In the deed from Lawson to Adams, is stated  John Adams from North Carolina.  If this is indeed the same John Adams who was in Lunenburg Co., VA earlier, then it looks like he was the son of Gabriel of Fairfax Co., VA. If not, then he is more than likely a son of John Adams from Maryland as tradition says he was. My objective has been to find the ancestry of my ancestor John Adams d. Halifax Co., VA in 1769, and so far I have not definitely proven anything.

Which line do you come from? There were many Adamses in all of the counties in this section during mid 1750 on and just wondered if it were Samuel.In 1761 Samuel Adams was named in C/O book in a suit with a George Lumpkin.Nothing further I have found about him.
August 1972
Lt. Col. Gordon S. Adams
Sunnyvale, CA 94086


Who were the parents of SAMUEL ADAMS, born (where?) January 15, 1800?

SAMUEL ADAMS, was born Jan. 15, 1800 (per tombstone), died Nov.? 1892,buried Adams-Vaden Cemetery, near Gretna, Pittsylvania County, VA, married Dec.26, 1827 by Rev. William Blair of Pittsylvania Co., VA, TAMSON ANNDIX,born March 19, 1805 near Danville, Pittsylvania Co., VA, died Spetember11, 1878 buried  same as husband, daughter of Capt. William and Patsey (Hendrick)Dix of Pittsylvania Co., VA.

William Wilson Adams, born November 3, or 23, 1827, died November 23 or 24, 1911, married 1) Molly Josephine (?) Wilson, 2) Diana Johnson Chandler, born April 5, 1842, died November 28, 1916.

Mary Reeves Adams, born  June 2, 1830, died July 1, 1906,married April 16, 1851, her cousin Robert Wilson Vaden, born April 6, 1828,died August 13, 1874, son of Giles Henry Vaden and Dolly Hoskins (Easley)Vaden,and grandson of Wilson Vaden and Rebecca (Giles) Vaden.

Tamson Ann Adams, married Morgan Irby.

Samuel and Tamson lived in Southern District, Halifax Co., VA, 1850 census, which shows him as being born in Virginia.

FAMILY TRADITIONS: (unproved, an maybe inaccurate)

1. Two brothers, 1) First name unknown, my ancestor, and 2) John McAdam, emigrated from British Isles to Mass, and stayed there  for awhile,  changedtheir name to ADAMS; (1) my ancestor, and possibly his brother, John, went to Mississippi Territory early in the Jefferson Adminstration (ca 1803-1810), and had rich farm land on the river.

2. My unknown ancestor and his unknown wife somewhere had Samuel Adams, born January 15, 1800 (per tombstone). They died of yellow fever in theTerritory. Another pioneer to the Territory took the orphan, Samuel toPittsylvania County, VA. This pioneer was Wilson Vaden, son of Burwell Vaden of PittsylvaniaCo., VA. Court records of Pitsylvania Co. show thatSamuel was bound outto learn a trade in 1811to learn a trade, but do notreflect to whom, orwhere. John Adams (McAdam?) is said to have gone backto where he came from (from where? when? to where?).

3. Samuel and Tamson Ann are said to have eloped and were married just across the nearby North Carolina (possibly Milton, N.C.) line. Later, ather father's insistence, they were married again in Virginia because secret marriageswere not recognized

4. Present day Vadens are of the opinion that Samuel's father went from VA with Wilson Vaden to Mississippi Territory. Land office records (Ref.  American State Papers ) for the territory do not include Wilson Vaden, and records for the Adamses are inconclusive; the question arises as to whether they may have gone elsewhere. (KY, TNor OH?)

5. Samuel's tombstone death date could also be incorrect;month and year are shown, but the day was never cut into the stone.
Any Clues?Any help would be greatly appreciated,  by this compiler:

Brookneal, VA 24528
September 1, 1972.

Dear Col. Adams:

In reply to your letter of August 27, for which I thank you, the following may be of interest and perhaps help, if you do not already have this information:

In Nancy Adams Will proven ca 1817, Halifax Co., VA, she named her brother William P. Adams Gdn. of her son Samuel F. Adams. Will was witnessed among others by Ester Adams who was the wife of John Adams the son of John and Susan Wood Adams. This Ester was a Turner before marriage and the only William P. Adams I have found in Halifax records was a son of William son of John 1769 and my ancestor. The above would, of course indicate that Nancy Adams husband may have been named Samuel.

In 1761, Halifax Co. C/O book of Pleas bk. 3, page 361, Samuel Adams suit George Lumpkin. My notes do not show another reference to a Samuel until after 1800. The given name prevails among descendents of John and Susan Wood Adams, which would lead you to believe that in some way your Samuel  was of this branch.  in Samuel's name indicates others at the same time.

Also Census of 1850 for Halifax Co. lists:
Samuel Adams         age 50, planter            born VA!!!!
Tamison K. Adams    age 45                          '        '
William W. Adams    age 22, overseer           '       '
Mary R. Adams         age 20                           '   '
Tamison Adams         age 18                           '       '

The above record is Southern District of Halifax and your Samuel is listed according to family members, close by Benjamin age 67 who was a son of John and Susan Wood Adams, and another Samuel age 62 and evidently a widower,no wife is listed, and seemed to have been son of John, sonof John andSusan Wood, John having been about 20 years older than his brother Benjamin,also John died in 1835. The other Halifax Adamses from whom I am descended, were all listed in Northern District of Halifax. Fromthis 1850 census,it appears that there were still only the two distinct Adams lines in Halifax County.

In the partition of Pittsylvania County from Halifax County ca 1767,another John Adams family was left in Pittsylvania Co. This John Adams seemed to have been a son of William Adams who died in Charlotte Co. in1768-69 and was probably brother of my John who died in 1769 in Halifax Co. The fact that Samuel was used very little in the very early days ofVA and was more in Maryland records, should make it somewhat easier for your work. Hoping that the above will be of some value and with best wishes,
I am
A.L. Lunsford
Lt. Col. Gordon S. Adams

Sunnyvale, CA 94086
September 8, 1972
Dear Madalene,
The above looks interesting. You may already know it; most of it was news to me. Also, copies and more on Samuel Adams, and am using in correspondence, which resulted in the above.
Gordon S. Adams (signed)

Brookneal, VA
September 5, 1972

Dear Col. Adams,

Thank you for your letter enclosing the Adams info, although I have seen practically  all of it in the Addenda, which I have found to be most interesting, but mostly to the extent that is of value to pursue leads rather than accuracy. The Wills, Deeds and Marriage records are all no doubt accurate,they having been copied from existing county books,and it appears that most or possibly all excerpts from James Taylor Adam's papers, are reasonably accurate, he having been a genealogist for a longtime before his death withmuch ofthe work having been done by actualrecord research.

I have only been doing work on my Adams line for four years and the little which has been accomplished has been copied from actual records of the counties near me and from existing books and microfilm in VA State Library. In your notes the John Adams (463) who married Jane Hurt, daughterof Moza Hurt, was the son of John Adams who died in Halifax Co., VA in1769 and was my ancestor. Jane Adams had died before 1791 when John married Prudence Thornton,widow of Frank Thornton. From this alliance one son was born named John. In 1825, John married again to Rebecca Martin and he died in 1828.

His home which was probably built in the last quarter of the 1700's, stood until recently, when Mrs. Burke Steele had it demolished after she built a brick home close to the old home. She was an Adams and direct descendent of the first John ca. 1769. It was a great pity she did not keep the place and repair it for posterity. She certainly had the money to do it, being very wealthy.

The price you mention for doing genealogy research of $5 an hour seems to be in line with the VA, MD and TN charges. I, having retained people in all these states to do small jobs for me, all to no avail. I have found the work to be most interesting and very rewarding when you stumble on something of interest in a most unlikely place.

I hope you will find something of value in my letter of several daysago. This is about all I know now but will send on anything new that turnsup.Hope you will do the same along the line of my branch of Adams.
My descent:
John d. 1769
John d. 1828
James d. 1865
Richard 1, d. 1901
Richard II, d. 1929
Nannie m. Lundsford d. 1915
A.L. Lundsford b. 1907
A.L. Lundsford
A.L. Lunsford
Brookneal, VA 24528
September 15, 1972

Dear Col. Adams;

I will gladly give you any information I have but at present, Mr. Robert E. King, a young man of Adams descent from Pittsylvania Co., VA line has practically all of my notes and papers which he took back to be Xeroxed when he visited me in August and has not returned them. He is an amateur who has amassed quite a substantial quantity of genealogical material on many families besides Adamses. In fact, his visit to an old relative of mine before her death in 1963 was the reason I became interested in my Adams ancestry and I have found the work very rewarding and interesting, since I really knew nothing about my mother's people before my great grandfatherRichard Edward Adams, 1st. Bob King's address is N.E. 1140 Harvey Road, PullmanWA 99163. He may have something of interest about your Samuel ashe has done considerable work in Pittsylvania records at Chatham, VA. Halifax Co. C/OPleas No. 3, page 361, dated 1761; suit for debt against Samuel Adams, on an attachment, he not appearing, after being duly summoned, goods of estate ordered sold to satisfy debt and make report to court. This isthe only appearance of the name Samuel Adams until after 1800 which I have seen.Yes, I suppose it does look like I lean to Halifax records and the fact that from all I have found, all except two of the descendents of John Adams d. 1769, seemed to stay put until well after 1800. His son Joshua seemed to have moved to another state after selling his plantation of 274 acresin 1785. His wife was Phoebe Easley daughter of Daniel Easley (Phoebe Adams named in his will), and Phoebe had signed for dower rights when Joshua sold the land. Then Nipper Adams, Jr. married Mary (Polly) Farmer in 1785 and appears to have gone to Georgia soon after. I have considerable proof of this from his descendents in GA and AL. Halifax CH is only 23 or 24miles from my home and I am very familiar with the excellent and well indexed records dating from 1752. Some books even go back to the date of formation of Lunenburg from Brunswick in 1746. Then Pittsylvania Co. was cut from Halifax in 1767, taking many Adamses with it. I am still of the opinion that all of themwere in some way connected since they must have had some good reason to patent an buy land in the same general section, from various records in the surrounding counties (many times have been noted as being from another)most always northern VA.  John Adams married Susan Wood is another line from John who died in 1828, he being my ancestor and the son of John Adams died Halifax Co. 1769. There is no record in Halifax of when or whereJohn (married Susan) died,but the John Adams who died in Charlotte Co. ca1797 may have been him or definite proof may show up later. Re: John and Elizabeth Adams who bought land in Augusta Co. ca 1763:John Adams patented 250 acres on S. side Banister River in 1754 and in1758 John and wife Elizabeth sold this land. Then William Adams of LunenburgCo. (part which was laterCharlotte) deeded John Adams180 acres which Williamhad bought from RichardParsons in 1752, deed dated1761, and this John Adams was presumably was son of William and later was located in Pittsylvania where he died in 1815. Doesnot seem to have been the Augusta John, but may have been. The one marriage you mention, being JohnAdams married to Mary Thompson,father John Thompson with Joseph Prewett bondsman and witnessed by Byrd Josephand Robert Prewett,has been very puzzling sincein his will John Thompson named his daughter Mary Watlington wife of Paul Watlington.In 1789 when John Adams (son of John died in 1769) bought 197acres fromDaniel Mitchell -------friendship between Adams and the Pruitts. It is possible the the marriage above was not consummated or perhaps annuled and in a short time the same John Adams married Jane Hurt who had five children up to her death in about 1789.  There is also another answer: September13, 1781 Richard Adams married Elizabeth Prewett but there was nothing else on the record, and Richard and John both may have been sons of the Richard Adams who seems to have lived with John Adams and was no doubt his brother both having been in C/O records to work road at the sametime and place. Or Richard may have been an elder man and Elizabeth Prewett his second or third wife. So far this is just one of the puzzles we runinto in doing genealogy research. An answer may still be in the future. As you will notice, John and Richard were married nearly one month apart. Three known wives of John Adams, the son of John Adams who died in 1769, and who died in 1828, were Jane Hurt,Prudence Thornton, and Rebecca Martin. SusannaA dams,who married Richard Ball and George Turner, was the daughterof John and Susan Wood Adams, as was Sarah who married Patrick Boyd, sonof George Boyd; Anne Adams married William Francis and Mary Adams married Joseph Overton were both daughters of John Adams, son of John Adams died in 1769. These above marriages are proven by my personal research in the Halifax Co. records, both wills of the twoJohns and also by numerous deeds besides the marriage book. John Adams married to Susan Wood , did not leave a will unless in NC or elsewhere.

In case it may be of help to you, all of the VA county records in existence  were microfilmed by the Church of the Latter Day Saints, Salt Lake City,Utah in 1928 (I believe the date is correct) and are now in the VA State Library in Richmond, VA. There is also available a large quantity of many other records, manuscripts, etc. of genealogical value. I am 100 miles away and have not been able to avail myself just several times. Intend to go there soon and follow several new leads towards definitely proving my conjectural placing the first two Adams generations in VA, which appearto be ancestors of Halifax Co. John Adams, died in 1769. From the following notes made fromthe VA State Library, and other authentic proven book notes of various counties,I have drawn my conclusions and you may see what you make of my projected Adams lineage: Northumberland Co., VA 1702 John Adams and wife Katherine sold 300 acres in two tracts. Period from 1702-09 John Adams bought several parcels of land in Fairfax Co. area of Stafford before it was formed in 1742. Also John Adams, son of John Adams,bought land in the same section of Stafford Co. Index of Stafford Co. wills, shows a will of John Adams in book from 1721-30 but thebook is lost. Close by in King William Co. will of Richard Johns mentions his daughter Elizabeth,wife of John Adams. Also named in the will, were Arthur, Richard, Thomas,and Robert, sons. Besides Elizabeth Adams were wife, Jane, daughters Mary, Jane and Martha.Sometime about the mid 1600's Roger Johnsand John Adams patented land in Accomack Co. VA (just across the water from Northumberland).Note the John Adams connection above also. Then in 1750-51 ElizabethAdams as Executrix of Estate of John Adams made several disbursements to Nipper Adams, John Adams Jr., and Will Adams, all names which appear assons of John Adams died in 1769 as well as the names of sisters of Elizabeth Adams,who was aJ ohns presumably. In Prince William Co., which adjoins Fairfax Co. C/O book of Pleas 3, page 338, mention is made by John Adams summoned as a witnessin a case regarding a horse, presumably which the party was inquestionable possession, of happenings on the trip to Prince William. This indicated that John probably still had family connections there or some business reason for making such a long trip in those days.
Now on the next page are briefly my conclusions of Adams from the mid-1600s.
Sincerely A.L. Lundsford (signature)

Halifax Branch , Addams, Adams Family
From first VA Settler, Immigrant from England, Wales, or moved bywayof MD or MA

1.  John Adams, b. 1650? d. 1725 From StaffordCo.
     Katherine Napier (Nipper)          father may have been John of Accomac Co. or
     Children -                                    Richard, William or Robert, all among the early
      1. John, Jr.                                  Immigrant settlers.
      2. Gabriel ?
      3. William ?
      4. James ?

2. John Adams, b. 1675? d. 1750 - 51
    Elizabeth Johns
     1. Nipper (Napier)
     2. John Jr.
     3. William
     4. Richard
     5. James
     6. Thomas?

3.  John Adams, b. 1700-1710 d. 1769 in Halifax Co., VA
     Eleanor Powell
     Joshua m. Phoebe Easley                  Elizabeth m. Charles Word , Richard Hooker
    William m. Sarah Boyd                     Mary m. Dixon ?
    John Jr. (below)                                  Martha m. Thomas Dixon
    Nipper m. Lucy MacEndree, Obedience Farmer, Frances Carter

4. John Adams b. 1740-44 d. 1828 Childrey Creek, Halifax Co. VA
    Mary Thompson? 1731. Jane Hurt 1732, Prudence Thornton 1790, Rebecca Martin
    1. Anne m. William Francis
    2. Mary m. Joseph Overton
    3. Moza m. Mary (Polly) George
    4. Joshua m. Jane Bostick
    5. James m. Nancy Clark of Lunenburg Co.
    6. John, son of Prudence Thornton m. Nancy Craddock

5. James Adams
    Nancy Clark
    1. Richard Edward (below)
    2. George Clark m. Mary Penick
    3. Sarah (Sally Ann) m. Charles Scott
    4. Elizabeth m. Nathan Hancock of Charlotte Co.(3rdwife)
    5. Jesse Ellison m. Fannie Lambkin

6. Richard Edward Adams
    Catherine Scott 1st (all children hers) Martha Patterson Jones 2nd,
    Amanda J. Gilliam 3rd
    1. John James m. Nannie Calloway
    2. Sallie d. single
    3. Mary Elizabeth m. Captain William Pannell Graham,moved to CA
    4. Nannie m. James Clarke
    5. Florence Ella d. single
    6. Richard Edward 11 m. Martha (Mattie) Cook of Campbell Co.
    7. Clara d. single
    8. Emma Witt m. G.B.J. duVal 1st wife
    9. Rosa Willie d. single
  10. Jennie Hurt m. Gabriel , B.J. duVal 2nd wife
  11. Jesse Thomas m. Emma Loulie Booker
  12. Infant d. infancy unnamed
  13. Infant d. infancy unnamed

7. Richard Edward Adams 11
    Martha Cook
    1. Son d. infancy
    2. Son d. infancy
    3. Ella Womack m. Dr. Albert Berger of Pittsylvania Co. one son John Albert
    4. Nannie Elliotte m. A.L. Lunsford 1 of NC , A.L.L. 11, Catherine

8. A.L. Lunsford
    Nannie Elliotte Adams
    1. Son d. infancy, unnamed
    2. A.L. Lunsford 11
    3. Catherine m. Stafford Bates, no children

9. A.L. Lunsford 11
    Elizabeth Williams
    1. A.L. Lunsford 111
    2. Richard Douglas
    3. Joseph Scott
    4. Edward Carrington

10. A. L. Lunsford 111
      Susanne Journee
      1. Elizabeth
      2. Mathew
Recieved September 15, 1972 from Mr. A.L. Lunsford, Brookneal, VA 24528
September 22, 1972
Mr. Robert King
Pullman WA 99163

Dear Mr. King;
A.L. Lunsford of Brookneal, VA and I have had a flurry of recent correspondence pertaining to Adams family trees, which has been very helpful to me, andI hope, to him. In his most recent letter, he told me about your genealogical work and suggested I write to you.

First, my typing is hunt-and-peck, nuff said. Second, I'm doing my own Adams (and my mother's side, too) family tree; as you are well aware this is  like working a 50 foot square jigsaw puzzle; not only that, but when it comes to my earliest known Adams ancestor, not too sure but what someone has thrown away a lot of pieces of that puzzle, and that over the past 70 years, later relatives have invented a confusing mass of  traditions.

Third, I am an amateur at genealogy; started at age 16, in 1939, and charted some Bible records at home in Charlotte Co., VA. At that time,I immediately ran onto my earliest known ancestor. Off and on during the next 25 years I'd tackle it again. In 1967 I got into my mother's side, founds tons of poop, and in 3 years have completed her side back at least to the original immigrant in all lines, male and female. No small feat, since the latest immigrant arrival came in 1835 and the next earliest came in 1720, with 98% of them coming in the 1626-1660 period. My line chart of direct descendents on herside, made up of 8 1/2 x 11 sheets, is 17f eet long and looks like spaghetti.They were almost all on the early FrenchHugueno tand Dutch immigrants to New York. Then in 1971, I decided to tackle the Adams line again.

About 4 months ago, I decided to tackle the impossible project of charting all Adams immigrants prior to 1800, and their descendents. I have identified about 80 of those immigrants so far, and have about 1000 of their descendents charted. Obviously, just a drop in the bucket.

My project is not original. Others have at various times started similar things, but gave them up. The only one I know of going now is a publication, Adams Addenda  (quarterly $5 a year), 7530 Westmoreland Ave, St. Louis,MO 63105. Their purpose is to serve as a central clearing agency for all Adams genealogical information. For anyone interested in Adamses, I strongly recommend subscribing to it, and if possible (I did it) get all back issue ssince 1970 when they started. Each issue is to me a goldmine which I screen in minute detail. They microfilmed the James Truslow Adams collection of Adams information 1300 feet of microfilm, which gives them enough material to sustain publication for the next 50 years. In addition subscribers send in their lineages, problems, requests for help, etc.; these all get published(free).

A.L. Lunsford submitted one such query; I checked my charts and sent him poop which might help including references.  That's how we got started.

About 4 months ago, I came to the conclusion that  Adams Addenda is great, - - -  BUT I have visions of them having tons of information, receiving another ton a month by mail, and trying to file it all and get out the quarterly publication which amounts to 3 ounces output per quarter .What I feel  they lack is the analysis function for all that information. At that point I decided to chart all Adams information from any source and to start trying to piece it all together. No one else seems to have been or be doing this, except on a piece meal basis for their own lines.

I won't bore you with details, but I think I have developed the administrative system required for such a project. It consists of zeroxed blank forms which I merely ink in with new information; there is also a very simple wayto connect one chart to parents and children's charts. To go along with it, I have two indexes for the charts;
1. Male and female Adams first name(s), and wives first names.
2. Spouse's last names.
Each chart has it's own chart number.

A.L. Lundsford sent me his problem; it represented a classic test ofmy project because I have about 130 John Adams charted (by far the most of any other Adams first name, and also because he gave me the absolute minimum information to work with. I was curious as to what I might be able to do with such a problem. Took me 41/2 hours to extract with references, JohnAdamses who might interest him.

In another test, I sent a lady the maiden name of her problem ancestor. She gushingly thanked me for having solved a problem she had worked on for 15 years, and asked if she could help me. I sent her one of the enclosed, and in her next letter she wrote that she had put her professional genealogist to work on my problem in Washington DC, - a most unexpected development.

What I do expect is, that if I can distribute enough of the enclosed to people who have Adams information, that eventually, one of them is going to come up with the answer to my Adams problem which has been worked sporadically since 1909 that I am aware of. I had 50 copies of it Xeroxed to eliminate the need to write it all over each time to my correspondents.

OK, you know my problem. What is yours? All Mr. Lundsford gave me towork on was  John Adams, died 1769, Halifax Co., VA.  At the time he gave this to me, he was not presenting this as a problem, but merely sending me information about his earliest known ancestor; he has just presented me with his whole lineage, plus some Court records which might relate to my problem.

Any information you send will help my project, and would be much appreciated. The more you send me on your own problem, the easier it will be for metoscreen out non-pertinent information in my charts and send you only the info which might be pertinent. I say might be pertinent because I make no claim to it's accuracy. Chart everything; and that includes other people's  family traditions  which could well be as bollixed up as my own.But I have so much info now that anything new often helps mere-do in accurate charts. I do provide references for everything.It will probably be in ink because copying is the hardest thing a hunt and peck typistcan do.Also, being a fulltime college student, I cannot promisea rapidresponse,but two weeks would probably the max. I am aware of your work from Lundsford in court records and it is possible I may not help you.I’dlike to try.Free, no charge!
Gordon S. Adams (signed)
Gordon S. Adams
1 September 22, 1972
Mrs. Madalene Vaden Fitzgerald
P.O. Box 370
Chatham, VA 24531

Dear Madalene,
I have just completed a re-study of all my correspondence relating to Samuel Adams, b. 1800, and have built up a brief chronology of his life and residential locations.

One purpose of all this is to define his residence in each of the U.S. Federal Census years; more specifically, the 1880 Census, in which the place of birth is listed and his father and mother were shown. I am inthe process of preparing GSA Form 7029, National Archives and Records Service, Order for Copies Census Records which at present shows:1880, Pittsylvania County, VA; Township: Unknown; Farm  CherryHill,  near Galveston, 3 miles from Gretna, Pittsylvania Co.,VA. Members of household: Samuel Adams, Age 80, Male; (Probably lived alone;widower; all children married). Purpose of this search is to learn the birthplace of Samuel and his parents.

Can you confirm or correct or add to the above? The National Archives (for $1.50) will provide a copy of the census as pertains to Samuel, butI don't want it to bounce because of incorrect or incomplete info submitted.
Mrs. Gerard Estes Thompson stated in her letter of Jan. 15, 1951: A Larkin Adams married Nancy Chambers November 8, 1797, Pittsylvania Co.,VA, and on the same date (Samuel's birth date) they deeded the land to Wilson Vaden in Pittsylvania Co., VA. You see, they could have been the parents of Samuel Adams, but we have no proof.

Your letter of July 9, 1969 states essentially the same thing, except you gave the date of the land deed as 1819. Could Nancy Chambers be theNancy Adams whose will named her brother, William P. Adams as Guardian.of her son, Samuel F. Adams in ca. 1817? (Ref. Letter A.L. Lundsford, Sept.1, 1972, copy of which I sent you last week). Anyway, this opens a tenuous clue that Samuel might have been born in KY.

Senator Vaden wrote in 17 Jan. 1951:  Samuel Adams 1st we think married Burwell Vaden's daughter; Samuel Adams 2nd married Tamson Ann Dix; - -- - -  Yellow Fever broke out; among those who died was Samuel Adam's first wife (I presume he meant  the wife of Samuel Adams1st, and that the name, Samuel Adams 1st was based on Senator Vaden's belief that here membered Samuel Adams (b. 1800) as having told the Senator that Samuel believed hisfather's name was also Samuel).

Gordon S. Adams (signed)
Chatham, VA 24531-P.O. Box 370
September 26, 1972
Dear Gordon,

In regard to the 1880 census on Samuel Adams , I have a faint recollection of the name of our home near Galveston being changed from Cherry Hill  to  Hill Crest  about1910. In my brother Harold's Kodak book, it is sonamed. (Therewere dozens of cherry trees in sight of our house, my playhousewas in one!)I have never measured the distance from Gretna, but we were told it was two miles south. Galveston Hill was three miles south of Gretna.

Yesterday, I checked the Marriage Register for the marriage of Larkin Adams & Nancy Chambers. They were married March 8, 1797 , not November. (page 23) The bondsman was Martin Hardin. The minister was Richard Elliott. No parents were named.

The correct date on the probate of the land deed , Larkin Adams to WilsonVaden was December 31, 1819. It was written September 23,1819 and  recorded  in Montgomery Co., KY also. (D.23, p. 56)

Robert Adams and Burwell Vaden came to Pittsylvania County about the same time, their land grants were adjoining and they were evidently close friends. Robert Adams asked that Burwell Vaden serve as co-executor of his estate  in his will   1783. (Burwell did not qualify.) It stands to  reason that our Samuel was descended from either Robert or John Adams.A later Robert Adams was a bondsman for the marriage of Wilson Vaden August29, 1796.

In November 1811, Wilson Vaden and John Adams, son of Jno  were appointedexecutors of the estate of Elizabeth Adams. One month later  December Court 1811  Samuel Adams, then 12 years of age, was bound out. This indicates that Samuel lived with Elizabeth.We know that Wilson took him to his new home and reared him. I have never heard that Wilson lived in Mississippi or how Samuel was brought to VA when his parents died of Yellow Fever.

I have spent years searching for the husband and parents of Elizabeth and am no nearer to solving the mystery. A John and Elizabeth Adams deeded land here in 1767. John Adams, whose will is dated 1815, had a daughter Elizabeth Williams; John Adams (will 1824), wife Sarah, had a daughter, Elizabeth Lindsay.

In regard to Nancy Adams, Halifax Co., VA - - Will ca 1817. I found this will years ago and thought I had the answer until I realized her brother would be Chambers, not William Adams. I found no marriage registered of Nancy Adams to an Adams. There were several Samuel Adams in Halifax, bu tthe dates did not fit with our Samuel, so I gave up on Halifax Co.
I have no data showing that Burwell Vaden's daughter married the first Samuel Adams. It was not recorded here where Burwell lived from age forty until his death. In fact I have never heard the name of Samuel's father mentioned. His Bible had no family records. My great-aunts LizzieVaden& Sallie V. Terry (daughters of Giles Vaden I) called their brother Robert's wife  Cousin Mary,   (she was Samuel Adams daughter)but never knew why!

I do know that Wilson Vaden (son of Burwell) had a daughter Patsy, who married Edmond Adams. In the settlement of Wilson Vaden's estate in 1843,they received an amount equal with the heirs of Giles Vaden (decd) and two other children. So Patsy Adams children and Giles Vaden's children would be first cousins. In 1818 Edmond Adams wife Patsy deeded land to Thomas Davis on Banister River. In the deed, Edmond's father is named Elijah Adams, son of Robert Adams. In Robert Adams will, he names son, Elijah.1783.

Elijah Adams married Elizabeth H?aneas in 1785. His estate was appraised in 1815. Wilson Vaden was one of the appraisers. It is not possible that this is the Elizabeth whose estate Wilson settled in 1811 unless she had separated from Elijah. Their children named in deeds were: Stokely, Redmond ,Edmond Adams and Rhoda ?ead   each to have 1/8th part of his estate, so there were four other heirs. I have not connected Larkin, Simon nor Samuel with Elijah. In 1787, Simon (or Lemon) married Henrietta Dix, no parents named. Stokely Adams married Winifred Vaden son? Of Sylvester and grandsonof Burwell in 1825.Are you still with me?

With very best wishes, I am
Lt. Col. Gordon S. Adams

Dear Madalene,

Thank you very much for your latter of Sept. 26th, which I did not expect until early spring. I realize you have your hands full and didn't want to plague you with correspondence.

'. I continue to receive new (to me) genealogical info from summer correspondence, and will continue to send you and Bob any info I think is pertinent to Samuel Adams.

I am amazed to your statement: I have never heard that Wilson Vaden lived in Mississippi, or how Samuel was brought to VA when his parents died of Yellow Fever.

I received this  tradition  from two sources. First, from Senator Vaden in 1951, when he sent me (and requested it's return),several pages of a typewritten manuscript on the Vaden Family History. Those pages were devoted to Samuel Adams, whose daughter Mary Reaves Adams married Robert Wilson Vaden on April 16, 1851. Those pages described (as Senator Vaden recalled, Samuel then about 85, telling Senator Vaden, then less than 10) about the pioneering of Wilson Vaden, friends and relatives to Mississippi Territory early in the Thomas Jefferson Administration -- - their rich farmlands on the river, the Yellow Fever epidemic, etc. I believe Bob Vaden has that document now because some info he sent me in 1969 seemed to be quoted directly from it. (I typed  myself a copy of those papers in 1951, before sending them to Senator Vaden.)

Also, my Aunt Lana at Red Oak, (Mrs. Rush Miller Adams) in 1969 alsosent me basically the same info, plus the tradition about the two emigrants (McAdam), whom she thought went directly from MA to Mississippi Territory. Samuel Chaplin Adams, grandson of our Samuel, lived with Aunt Lana's family for a few years before his death in 1926 and told Aunt Lana the  traditions.  About the same time my father in 1927 joined the Sons of the Revolution (on Corp. Griffith Dickenson). I presume that my father got much of his Adams ancestry from Senator Vaden and also told other members of the family including Aunt Lana what he had found. I mention all this for one reason:it is possible that all of the  tradition  we have on Samuel Adams was given to the Adams side by the Vadens. And that tradition may have become somewhat garbled in the retelling to later generations like myself. It is for this reason that I am beginning to speculate that the pioneers may not have gone to the Mississippi Territory , but apparently did go somewhere. That somewhere could very well have been to some river lands in KY, where many other Adams also went. This also explains my interest in Larkin Adams who went to Montgomery Co.,KY from Pittsylvania Co. about 1800.

Aunt Lana also wrote that she understood Samuel worked his way North and became an overseer on the plantation of William Dix. This is confusing.Our Samuel? His father?

Enclosed a recent copy of a letter and enclosure from A.L. Lundsford.I have not yet analyzed it. It may be of some significance to our problem,even if it only eliminates people from further consideration in our Adams line. Don't return it. I have the original.
Gordon S. Adams (signed)
Chatham VA, 24531 p.o. Box 370
                                                               October 16, 1972

Dear Gordon,
It is indeed possible that Wilson Vaden went to Mississippi, but I have nothing in Court records to indicate that he did. The will of his father-in-law, John Giles, was probated here in 1799, in which he names his daughter, Rebecca Vaden, and had she been a resident of another state, I feel sure he would have mentioned the fact.

In the Marriage Register, I found that Wilson Vaden was bondsman for Polley Vaden in 1800 and for ? Vaden in 1802, so he was a resident of Pittsylvania County then. In 1811 he was administrator for the estate of Elizabeth Vaden. He acquired about 1000 acres in this county and no mention was made that he moved elsewhere. Of course, he could have gone to Mississippi and decided to return. I have learned to be very wary of family legends and stick to facts.

My brother Robert Vaden was twenty years older than I.  When he died thirteen years ago, I had not researched the Adams family and do not recall discussing them with him. All that I have in my notes is that my parents said they died in Mississippi of Yellow Fever and that Samuel had been reared by Wilson Vaden.

Robert Vaden had an excellent memory, and of course, he knew Samuel Adams and talked with him long before I was born. I understand from Robert,Jr. that some papers were lost in the mill fire. Our valuable copy of  theHistory of the Fowler Family has disappeared.

I reread the copy of my last letter to you   September  page 2, paragraph 3, change the name  Burwell to Samuel (error). We knew exactly where Burell Vaden lived. Samuel Adams was a resident of Halifax County when his daughter Mary, married Robert Vaden. Later he lived in Galveston, Pittsylvania Co.and spent his last years with my parents.
Haile and I are packing to leave on our second honeymoon.
As ever,
Brookneal, VA
October 20, 1972

Dear Col. Adams;

Thank you for your letter of Oct. 9, also enclosed copy of Mrs. Fitzgerald's letter to you with several interesting items in connection with Samuel Adams. To clear up one point, I will say that Nancy Adams plainly said she appointed her Brother William P. Adams as Guardian of her son Samuel F. Adams.In all county records in VA, there have been countless marriages, which were not entered in the books. As you know, many times there were elopements and of course,s ome were performed in adjoining states or other counties. It would stand to reason that Nancy Adams  husband would have been a brother of John, and Esther Adams did witness her will, indicating that Nancy was either living with or close to Esther and John (son of John who married Susan Wood).And since they had a son named Samuel, Nancy used the middle initial F to denote the difference in the two. It also certainly looks like Nancy had a husband named Samuel who could have been a brotherof John above. There simply must be a reason for the use of Samuel among generations after John and Susan Wood Adams. So much for that since it appears to be quite impossible for your Samuel to have been anyway connectedto Nancy Adams since he was bound out in 1811, six years before her death.

Have any of you in working on this problem come up with the idea that Elizabeth Adams d. 1811, was indeed the mother of Samuel?  From the scant records in this connection, it would appear that Elizabeth was a sister of Wilson Vaden and her husband a brother of Nathan Adams Jr. or John Adams Jr. who were brothers sons, both of whom came from Charlotte Co. VA. William Adams who died inCharlotte Co. in 1769, Had sons John d. 1815, and Nathand. 1802, both having livedi n Pittsylvania Co. VA for quite a number ofyears. There is another point to consider, Elizabeth could have been one of the daughters of either Nathan Jr.or John Jr., or perhaps even a granddaughter of Robert Adams d.Pittsylvania Co. 1783. I believe in one of your letters, you mentioned that Robert lived adjoining Wilson or Giles Vaden. I am certainly not saying so, But Elizabeth Adams may have been an unmarried daughterof some of these Adams. Please do not think that any of this second paragraphis other than purely conjecture on my part. I wish that some of my notes were of help to you, but it all seems to be quite a mystery. Who was Larkin Adams? Is it possible that Elizabeth could have been wife of a brother?Or his sister?
                                         Hoping in success for your quest, I remain,
A.L. Lundsford
P.S. Based on family tradition that there were four brothers that cametothe area about the same time and the fact that James and John Adams settled in Lunenburg (later Halifax) in 1749-51, and William came to Lunenburg(pt.BecameCharlotte) in 1753, Richard to Halifax about 1753.
Brookneal, VA
October 31, 1972
Dear Col. Adams,
I suppose you have heard from Bob King, since I received a letter from him this morning in which he asked if my interest in Samuel Adams may have come from correspondence with you. He throws some new light on this problem,as follows, if you do not already have it:

Elizabeth Adams died 1811 or before in Pittsylvania Co. he thinks was wife of John who died in 1815.

Does not rule out the possibility that Samuel was the son of Nancy Adams who died in Halifax Co., 1817, since he may have been bound out before her death.

That Samuel might have been a descendent of Robert Adams who died inPittsylvania Co. about 1783.
Some of this may give you a new slant.
I hope you will watch out for anything in the way of proof about where Joshua Adams the son of John Adams d. 1769 in Halifax Co., VA, did move to sometime after 1785-86.
With best wishes, I am
A.L. Lundsford (signed)

Dear Madalene,
Thank you for all your correspondence, court records, etc., and for your most recent letter of October 16th. I realize you have been, or are still on your second honeymoon etc.
Me, I'm swamped, too; am back in college 4 nights a week,plus Saturdays ----- plus am reaping a harvest of info from last summer's genealogical correspondence, --- and am trying to meet my computer problem deadlines.

In such situations, I look for shortcuts; I have studied all my notes, records, and correspondence with intent of deciding which way to go next on Samuel Adams. One thing I've done is try to identify points of conflicting info from different sources, or --- significant differences of interpretation of the same info by different correspondents, --- and then trying to resolve differences.

I don't have the time to quote one source to another, and have taken the liberty of merely Xeroxing one correspondent's letter and sending it on to another; if you prefer I not do this with your letters, don't hesitateto let me know. I am very happy to receive all imputs I've been getting from you, from A.L. Lundsford in Brookneal,and R.E. King in  WashingtonState.

Enclosed, copies of my most recent correspondence from Lundsford; you'll note that he seems a bit surprised that you concluded that William P. Adams was actually William P. Chambers. Your conclusion seemed reasonable whenI first read it, and still does; nevertheless, it seems one of those minor discrepancies, which, to me, ought to be resolved; we have little enough info to work with, and I would hope all 4 of us could mutually agree on the accuracy and probable meaning of every clue we have.

He has also raised the possibility that Samuel was the son of an unmarried Adams girl; I have recognized that possibility for years. In one of your letters, you implied or stated that you rely only on facts and are very careful about  family traditions and other unproved info; I feel exactly the same. If it could be proved that Samuel's mother was unmarried, I certainly would not announce it in the New York Times; onthe other hand, I would face up to that  fact  and recognize it as such. After all, one hundred years from now, if some other Adams decides to trace his family tree, I would not have him go through what the rest of us has gone though.

I believe I am correct in saying that members of our two families have worked on Samuel since at least 1909; seems incredible that so little progress has been made. I frankly admit that I have asked myself whether, during all that searching, someone HAD found proof about Samuel, and --- not wishing it ever to be known, suppressed it or even destroyed that proof; such things have happened before. If such were the case, it might also explain all conflicting and confusing  family traditions in existence about him and his parents.

The VA Dept. of Health was unable to provide me a Death Record for Samuel and noted on the request form,  with info provided, no recordof event (Samuel's death) could be located; do you have betteri nfo than I provided them, as to death place? Also, I am not sharp on the local geography of towns, farms, etc. in Pittsylvania and Halifax Counties and may have provided incorrect info for their search. I do want to get that death record, which might contain info on his parents.
I also want to get the 1880 census information on Samuel, since that was the first census that required the birthplaces of a person's parents. On that request form, under township or other subdivision  I wrote:  Unknown; farm  Cherry Hill near Galveston (near Gretna).   They (GSA) returned the form marked: Not found in Partial Index; Galveston not listed for Pittsylvania for 1880.  Any suggestions?

I am beginning to suspect that concentration on Wilson Vaden is in order, in VA and in Miss. Territory (or even KY or OH Territories.) It is obvious that whether or where he went (and when) would be of significant help inour search for the parents of Samuel. The period 1803-1811 is all-importantin this respect.

A correspondent in MS wrote:
Miss. Soc., DAR Records book  1957: Claiborne Co., MS. Deed BookA, 1802-1805, p. 159 (original p. 25) Certification of Wm. Vousdan, surveyor, - - that he had surveyed land for Ralph Humphreys, Nov. 9, 1788, recorded Dec. 23, 1802.

P. 160 (original p. 29); Nov. 25, 1800  Judge Peter B. Bruin, atty.-in-fact, to sell 500 acres (patent issued to Wm. Vousdan) and sold to Joseph Darlington in 1789, on James Creek, branch of Bayou Pierre. (Claiborne Co. is bounded on the west by the Mississippi River).

She wonders if Vousdan might be Wilson Vaden, written in Spanish records of Natchez Territory. I doubt it. At one time, I was checking the possibility that Samuel's parents and Uncle (John, according to one family tradition) may have gone to, and been British colonists under Spanish rule in Mississippi Territory. There were numerous Adams  down there  before and after the USA acquired the Territory. I gave up on that search when I could find no land deeds for Wilson Vaden in the period 1802-1815,in the land deed records of either of the two land offices the USA established there. (These records are contained in  American State Papers which consists of over thirty volumes 3in thick, some of which have several sub-volumes), About1780,the British colonists revolted, the Spanish moved in, and many of theBritish fled north to escape execution. Some of them were later allowed to return by the Spanish. After acquisition, the USA recognized all land claims in existence under Spanish rule. (All claims the Office deemed valid; it refused to recognize many claims). I had thought Samuel's parents might have become involved with Wilson Vaden downthere. Not knowing their names, I could do nothing with Adams land deedsI extracted. I still have them all, and had thought I sent you, about 1968,a copy. I know I sent one to Bob Vaden.
Gordon S. Adams (signed)
Brookneal, VA
November 18, 1972

Dear Col. Adams
Thank you for your letter with enclosure of copy of yours to Mrs. Fitzgerald, and I enjoyed both.  Now to get back on the Samuel parentage problem, in which I am now most interested in helping you unravel the mystery. Just a few thoughts that have come to mind, some of which you may have considered:

Scarcity of the given name Samuel among Adams families of Halifax, (once in 1761 in debt suit case and who he was, I surely would love to know);Charlotte, none that I have found from 1765 to 1850; Pittsylvania, only the Samuel Bound out in 1811 which I can recall.

Since Nancy Adams referred to her son Sam'l F. in her will, there is definitely some reason to use the name, after father or some close relative.

There is the time lapse from 1770 to 1779 in the birth dates of John and Susan Wood Adams known children, and if there was a Samuel born during the years to say 1777, he could have easily had a son born by 1800.

Esther Adams, wife of John, son of John and Susan Wood Adams, who witnessed Nancy Adams will, had a son named Samuel who was born in 1778, very likely named after Samuel a brother of John.

Nancy was evidently living with or close by John and Esther, or with her husband's people of some relation. To be concluded that Nancy was a sister-in-law and daughter of William Adams a son of John d. 1769, having named her Brother guardian of Samuel who was referred to as William P.and he was definitely a son of William, and proven by signing deed for the sale of his deceased father's land in 1825, along with his mother Sara and eight or nine other legatees. Signed deed, the first one as William P.Adams.

The given name Samuel was used many times in future generations of John and Susan Wood Adams  children and grand sons.

Then again, why was Samuel and his family living in the Coleman Creek area of Halifax Co. in 1850, close by descendents of John and Esther Adams,as well as other Adams of the same family.

Since all the other leads and clues have seemingly been exhausted, the above notes together with the fact that it seems there was a close connection between Halifax, Charlotte and Pittsylvania Co. Adams families, along with the Vadens living along side Robert Adams, who was possibly a relative of the other county families, then it would seem that all of the above might be helpful in making the connection that your ancestor was indeed descended from John and Susan Wood Adams.
A.L. Lundsford (signed)
Several other items overlooked are: there is no records I have found in Halifax books indicating that William P. Adams assumed his guardianship of Samuel F. Adams, which is usually handled by court of the county. Therefore,Samuel who was bound out in 1811 must have been the same as Nancy's son and Wilson Vaden likely assumed the position of Wm. P. Adams. Also,it is a certain fact that Nancy Adams died at an early age, since dates of marriage were from 1795 to 1823. It is quite possible that she was in bad health at the time Samuel was bound out if he was her son and she could not keep him with her and properly care for the boy.

If it so that the 1880 census of Halifax or Pittsylvania counties could be located, there could be additional light on Samuel's parents.

If you want me to do so, I will have a copy of the will of Nancy Adams made and send you. Probably will only cost several dollars. If so, let me know when you write again.
Best wishes,
Brookneal, VA
December 11, 1972
Dear Col. Adams

On my last trip to Halifax Clerk's Office, I found several interesting records, as follows:

D.B. 55, page 361, Jan. 30, 1854   Sam'l and Tamson Adams made a deedof gift of a designated tract to William W?. Adams  our son  on Tunes Branch, joining the lands of Samuel Adams. Later it wasfound that this was 105 acres as noted when Wm. W? sold land about 1870's. Will get complete informationon my next trip, not having time to do more before the office closed. I did find that Sam'l bought a tract of 600 acres plus in 1852, recorded D.B. 54, page 605, Jan. 24, 1853.  The 105 acres of course came off this tract. Also, another item which I did not have time to look into further, in index of deed books, Sam'l F. Adams was appointed Attorney to get right of  way for a railroad. Will check this later to see if a connection with your Samuel. In all land transfers, the son of Samuel Adams is referred to as William P?. Adams. Underscoring is mine, since there is a definite implication that Samuel had used the given name of William P. Adams and Wilson Vaden in naming his son, if he was indeed the son of Nancy Adams.I tis possible that more in the way of proof may be in Halifax books, which will be sent on to you when I have the time to get over there again.
Hope you are getting along fine with your many jobs and undertakings.I am,
A.L. Lundsford (signed)
P.S. William P?. Adams was listed as living in Pittsylvania Co. when he sold the 105 acres and another 34 acres, which he had bought about the same time his father bought the 600 acre tract. Since I did not so far find what Samuel did with the balance of his land, he may also have been in Pittsylvania Co. when the above sale was made.
Brookneal, VA
December 12, 1972

Dear Col. Adams,
Found the following in Halifax Co., VA and thought you would want to correct your family records accordingly:
William W. Adams married Susan A. Wilson on Feb. 23, 1852
William W?. Adams married Diane J. Chandler, widow, on July 6th, 1863.
Soon after this, it seems that both Samuel and William W?. moved toPittsylvania Co.  As date of appointment of Samuel F. Adams and others to buy right of way for highway was 1886; this may not have been your ancestor, since he was living in Pittsylvania Co.
I will let you know of any other findings.
A.L.Lundsford (signed)

Transcribed by Dianne
Transcribed from the Notes of Madalene Vaden Fitzgerald, Dec'd


Brookneal, Va.,
        September 27, 72.

Dear Col. Adams:

 ..... Now about Larkin and Nancy Chambers Adams:
It looks like a very promising lead and especially since Larkin sold land to Wilson Vaden, there being somewhat of a family connection.  That Nancy Chambers could be the same as Nancy Adams who died in Halifax Co., Va. in 1817 seems to be practically impossible since she must have been an Adams and either married Samuel or other Adams, having named her brother William P. Adams as Guardian of her son Sam'l P. Adams.  William P. Adams was the first of the legatees to sign the deed for the sale of land along with his mother Sara when his father William's property was sold after his death about 1824-5.  This William was son of John Addams who died in Halifax Co., in 1769.  One of the witnesses to Nancy Adams Will was Esther Adams who was wife of John Adams who married Susan Wood the daughter of Richard Wood in Brunswick Co.  After Pitts. Co. was formed from Halifax in 1767, there seemed to be only the Adams family of John Addams who died in 1769 left in Halifax until 1784 when John Adams from North Carolina bought 841 1/2 acres from William Lawson on Dan River, being part of a larger grant made first to William Byrd.  This is the same John Adams who married Susan Wood and I am enclosing a family group sheet of their children which I received from Mrs. Charleen Morava of Anchorage, Alaska, who is descended from the first John Addams d. 1769 daughter Elizabeth and her second husband Richard Hooper.  Note that I have added the name Samuel as a possible son though I have not so far found proof of this.  It is of course concievable that Nancy's husband may have been a son of William Adams (first on group sheet), since he was married in 1782.  From all of the above, it is quite evident that Nancy and her son were living close to John and Esther Adams in the Southern part of Halifax County where all of the John and Susan Wood Adamses were settled.  I am giving you what I have been able to find from Halifax and other records and you may draw your own conclusions.  Of course if you will contact the Mrs. Hatch who sent in the information on enclosed sheet she may know the children of William and perhaps others of the sons and daughters of John and Susan Wood Adams.  I have the names of many of them but mostly arrived at from the Halifax Marriage and Deed records.  You will see that Sarah was left off the group sheet and was added by myself.  There may have been others and all of the dates etc may not be exactly correct on this sheet.  I hope this small amount of information will be helpful.

 Any records you may uncover to prove the ancestry of my John Adams and his wife Eleanor will be appreciated.  Also, would very much like to know what happened to their son Joshua and wife Phoebe, names of children etc.  Good Hunting.

    (signed) _. _. Lansford
   HUSBAND John Adams
Birth abt 1726  Place of Halifax Co. Va.
*Chr   Place
Death   Place
Burial   Place
Father John Adams Mother
Married   Place
Other wives (if any)

WIFE Susan Wood
Birth abt 1730  Place of Brunswick Co, Va.
Chr   Place
Death   Place
Burial   Place
Father Richard Wood Mother Mary
Other husbands (if any)

Where was information shown on this family record obtained?
"Chappell, Dickie and Kindred Families of Va."
"Hist. of Halifax Co., Va."

Family Representative:
Jo Ann Finney Hatch
Name and address of person submitting this sheet:
Mrs. Gary R. Hatch
P. O. Box 287
Show Low, Ariz.
(* denote handwritten additions or changes by                     , author of previous letter)

Sex Children   BORN   Died
M  1  William Adams  abt 1756  Halifax Co. Va. 10 Sep 1839
MARRIED   1782  Elizabeth Boyd
M  2  X  Sylvester Adams  abt 1760  Halifax Co., Va. 2 Mar 1830
MARRIED   9 Feb 1782  Rebecca Boyd
M  3  Richard Adams   abt 1762  Halifax Co., Va
MARRIED   Hannah Boyd
M  4  John Adams   abt 1763  Halifax Co., Va 1835 (1834*)
MARRIED     Esther Turner
F  5  Susan Wood Adams (Susanna*) abt 1765  Halifax Co., Va
MARRIED  1798*  Mr. Ball
F  6  Elizabeth Adams  abt 1770  Halifax Co., Va
MARRIED   Reuben  Jones
MARRIED 1799*  Geo. Turner*
M  7  Philip Adams   23 Dec 1779 Halifax Co., Va 30 May 1845
MARRIED   Fanny Powell (Frances*)
M  8  Benjamin Adams  abt 1781 (1783*) Halifax Co., Va 1854*
MARRIED   Peggy Barnett (Margaret*)
F  9  Sarah Adams*   abt 1767*
MARRIED Nov 25, 1785* Patrick Boyd,son of George & brother of Elizabeth, Rebecca & Hannah*
M 10 Samuel Adams ?*  abt 1774-5*
MARRIED   Nancy Adams* (d/o William, son of John d. 1769 Adams)*

Name (in full) John Adams 1726
             Christmas Day, 1972

Dear Madalene, Mr. Lunsford, and Mr. King, (and Bob Vaden)*,

 ..... Thank you all for your correspondence and help on Samuel Adams (b. 1800).  Madalene, thank you for your letter of Dec. 14th, clarifying the point about Nancy Adams not being Nancy Chambers, but sister of William P. Adams, and for you other comments, additional info, etc.

 Mr. Lunsford, thank you for your letter of Nov. 18th, and for your postcard of Dec. 12th.  Your info (and especially) and your analysis are very pertinent and appreciated.  I now have quite a bit of updating to do on all my Adams charts.  (Madalene, I don't think I told you that last summer I started charting ALL Adamses).

 Mr. King, thank you for your letter of Nov. 26th.  Your compliments about Madalene brought home to me the fact that, although I have had correspondence with Senator Vaden in 1951 and with Robert Vaden, Jr. and Madalene since about 1969, I have never had the pleasure of meeting any of them personally!  And it never occurred to me that you had met Madalene several times.  I'm sure your book on the Adamses of Pitt., Halifax, and Charlotte Coounties will be well received; I'm sorry I'll have to wait 2 years for a copy.  When you come this way in Jan., we hope you can find time to visit us.

 As for Samuel Adams (b. 1800), we seem to have a scarcity of records and an octopus of family traditions.

 The 1850 U. S. Census says he was "Born Va."  I am inclined to accept the Census as more authentic than the traditions that he was born elsewhere, including Mississippi Territory.  Madalene, we seem to disagree on this.

 Also, I find it difficult to accept the concept that Samuel did not know the names of his parents.  Wilson Vaden obviously knew them.  Samuel was 44 years old when Wilson Vaden died; Samuel certainly had plenty of opportunity to ask, and Wilson Vaden certainly had plenty of time to tell Samuel who his parents were.  Not to mention probable numerous friends and relatives who knew of or about Samuel's parents.

 My aunt, Mr. (sic) R. M. (Lona) Adams of Red Oak, Va. wrote that she had heard that Samuel's father had a brother, John, and that after Samuel's parents died, John went back where he came from.  That is all she had heard about John.  And, like everyone else, she had never heard the names of Samuel's parents.

 In engineering, when having difficulty probing something true, a commonly-used approach is to assume that it is false; it may then be possible to probe that is is impossible for it to be false, and therefore, it must be true.  i wonder if such an approach could help with respect to Samuel's parents.

 A.  Wilson Vaden and John Adams, "son of Jno." were named administrators, in 1811, of the estate of Elizabeth Adams (Madalene, I presume it was a typographical "slip: when you called her "Elizabeth Vaden" in your letter of Oct. 16th).  Mr. Lunsford wrote, on Oct. 20th, called her Elizabeth Adams, and went on:  "... it would appear that Elizabeth was a sister of Wilson Vaden, and her husband a brother of Nathan Adams, Jr., or John Adams, Jr., who were bros -- etc."  Mr. King wrote Mr. Lunsford that he thinks Elizabeth was wife of John who died in 1815, but does not rule out the possibility that Samuel was the son of Nancy Adams who died in Halifax County, 1817, since he may have been bound out before her death."

 The above raises some questions; Did Burwell Vaden have a known dau., Elizabeth?  Other than the fact that Wilson Vaden was named administrator of her estate, is there any other reason to think Elizabeth was a Vaden?  Might she be the wife, sister, or sister-in-law of John Adams, the other administrator?  Some of you have suggested that she might have been sister of Wilson Vaden, and widow of John Adams's brother, Samuel's father; it has also been suggested that she might have been the unmarried mother of Samuel, and that John Adams's dead brother might have been Samuel's father.  And, of course, all of this may be incorrect.

 B.  And, we still have Nancy Adams, mother of Samuel F. Adams, and sister of William P. Adams, whom she named in her will of 1817, as guardian of son Samuel F. Adams.  This is a bit late in the game for our Samuel, but the two Samuels could be one and the same, if he had been bound out prior to her death.  it also implies that she and her husband were both Adamses before their marriage, or that she was unmarried, which might explain Samuel's being bound out in 1811.  And of course, none of these speculations may be correct.

 C.    Elizabeth and Nancy both seem likely candidates as parents of Samuel Adams.  It seems to me that any sort of a record might exist to prove it one way or the other --- even some obscure record, previously noted, but ignored as not being pertinent.  Which brings me to another question: have the records of Pitt., Halifax, and Charlotte Counties REALLY been exhausted in this respect?  Madalene, I'm pretty sure you have exhausted the Pitt. Co. records, and possibly the others also.  Mr. Lunsford, the same with you for Halifax Co.  Mr. King, you've obviously looked in the records of all 3 counties.  If each of you will identify what you have and have not screened exhaustively, we might be able to identify types of records which need more screening.  Such records might well contain the one record we need to identify Samuel's parents conclusively.

 D.  My plans for the immediate future are:
  1.  To go again for Samuel's death record (and again and again, until I get it.)
  2.  To go again for Samuel's record in the 1870 (1880*) Census, which was the first to require the birthplace of a person's parents.  Do any of you know how Pitt. Co. was zoned for that Census?  (District, towns, cities, townships, etc.)  I understand that he lived in Galveston, about 2 miles south of Gretna, at time of his death in 1892, but he may have been living in Halifax Co. in 1870 (1880*), but I don't know where, probably on John's Run and Shockoe Creek, Vernon Hill, Halifax Co.  In 1873, Samuel and wife, Tamsen transferred their membership from the Vernon Hill Baptist Church to the Chatham Baptist Church. (note: correcting the above from 1870 to 1880, puts Samuel in or near Chatham about 1880.  Right?*)
  3.  To crank all the new Adams info I have into my Adams Charts.  At the same time, to look at some N. C. Adams families who have a lot of names (as I recall) similar to those in Pitt., Halifax, and Charlotte Counties.  I specifically recall that one of those families had a Samuel who seemed to have fallen in a crack somewhere.

 E.  Can we agree that there seems to be no reason to believe that Larkin and Nancy (Chambers) Adams were the parents of Samuel?

 F.  Madalene, for Mr. Lunsford's and Mr. King's info (which they may well already know), I quote from your letter of Sept. 26th:
 "I have spent hours searching for the husband and parents of Elizabeth and am no nearer to solving the mystery.  A John and Elizabeth Adams deeded land here in 1767.  John Adams, whose will is dated 1815, had a daughter, Elizabeth Williams; John Adams (will 1824), wife Sarah, had a daughter, Elizabeth Lindsey.  --- Elijah Adams, son of Robert, married Elizabeth Maneas in 1785.  Wilson Vaden was one of the appraisers of Elijah's estate in 1815.  It is not probable that this was the Elizabeth whose estate Wilson Vaden settled in 1811, unless she had separated from Elijah.  Their children, named in deeds were:  Stokeley, Redmond, Edmond Adams, and Rhoda Mead.  Each to have 1/8 part of his estate, so there were four other heirs." (My question: any way to learn names of other 4 heirs?)

 G.  One other question:  (not pertinent to Samuel):  I have seen a record which reads as follows (fictitious names):  "Sally Jones, consort of Wm Smith, married 5 Jan. 1792, John Jackson"  Can anyone interpret that for me, in terms of 1792 usage?

 H.  Bob Vaden, Jr. was too busy in the fall, but seems to have been fired up again in Dec.  he should be back from Europe about Jan. 5th, and I'm hoping he will find it possible to join in the search for Samuel's parents.  I suspect that all it will take is for me to merely send him copies of all our recent correspondence.  I'll see that it is in his mailbox before he gets home.

 I guess that does it for today.  For any of you who may be wondering, I got "A's" in every English course I ever took; trouble is, I never had a typing lesson.  Also try typing one day and keypunching the next; murder!

 I wish you all the best for 1973, and especially in your genealogical pursuits.

    (signed) Gordon S. Adams

{transciber's note: "*" after an item indicate a handwritten change or addition to the typed original.}
        Lt. Col. Gordon S. Adams

        December 25, 1972

Madalene and Bob,

 For your info, in case you don't already have it:

WILSON H. VADEN, b. (?), died (after 31 Jan. 1814, married (or bond?) 24 Dec. 1796, Chesterfield Co., Va., DYSEY (DICEY) MOORE;  Surety, Ellick Moore; wit., Thos. Finney; Rev. Eleazer Clay, Baptist.

 Wilson Vaden was Surety on 9 Nov. 1795 and on 31 Jan. 1814.

Ref; P. 4, 58, 122, "Marriages of Chesterfield Co., Va., 1771-1815," by Catherine Knorr

    (signed) Gordon

P. S. I realize he is probably NOT YOUR Wilson Vaden.*

{transciber's note: "*" after an item indicate a handwritten change or addition to the typed original.}
        Brookneal, Va.,
        January 5, 1973.

Dear Col. Adams:

 I received your letter with enclosures this morning and enjoyed both.  To answer your notes about Samuel Adams, I agree with you in accepting the census record as to his birthplace being in Va.  It is indeed strange that no one all through the years did not know the names of his parents.  The mention by Mrs. Lona Adams of Red Oak, Va. about Samuel's father having a brother named John would indeed be correct if Nancy Adams had married a son of John and Susan Wood Adams, and my supposition is that is exactly as it happened.  I hope you will be able to find the record about one Samuel Adams having fallen into a creek in N. C., for John and his family were evidently there for some time before 178(?, illeg.)4 when a Hal. Co. deed records that John Adams of N. C. bought 341 1/2 acres from Wm. Lawson, being part of a larger tract granted first to William Byrd.  As several parcels of this land were sold during the next several years, most of the deeds were signed by John Adams and wife Susanna.  As proven by many Hal. Co. C/O records, Deeds of John to his sons, marriages, and all living in same section, this was indeed the same John Adams who married Susan Wood.  It is quite possible that John Adams, the son of John and Susan Wood Adams did go to Mississippi and perhaps his brother who may have been father of Sam'l could also have gone with him and died while there, since for some reason both of John Adams (2nd above) daughters, Sarah Barnett and Nancy Ragland, married in 1811 and 1812 respectively, were living in Miss. when deeds were executed for the sale of land after their father's death in 1834.  His wife Esther who witnessed Nancy Adams Will was still living at the time.  The above indicates that there must have been some reason for the daughters having moved to Miss.  Next trip to Halifax, I will get the name of County in Miss, where they were living in about 1834-5.  While John was in Miss., if he did go there, he may have bought or patented land which his daughters were given before he died or in some way got possession of.

 If you can get the 1880 Pitts. Co. census, something may show, since Samuel was living in the county as evidenced in deed for sale of his 507 acres in Hal. Co., Sep't 11, 1879 "of Pitts. Co."  Tamsen, his wife, also signed the deed which was witnessed by W. W. Adams.

 It looks like Larkin and Nancy Adams may be ruled out.  I believe I have covered all the records in this connection in the Halifax Co. Books.  Of course there is always the possibility that a clue or some pertinent record may show up.  During my years of looking through the old books, many answers have appeared in strange and unusual places.  There is most always some very good reason to explain the "binding out" of infants or orphans, and if your Sam'l was Nancy's son, she may have been sick or otherwise not able to keep and raise the young boy.  The fact that he was placed with Wilson Vaden in 1811 would still have no bearing on William P. Adams having been named Gdn. for he would still have been under age in 1817.  There is evidence from your records that the Vadens and Adamses were closely connected and Hal., Pitts., and Charlotte Co., Adamses appear to have been cousins and due to migration from Fairfax Co. at nearly the same time, must have all been from the same original family.  Sorry that I cannot answer item G in your letter.  perhaps Bob king may do so.  This is about all I can add at this time, so will close with my very best wishes,

    (signed) _. _. Lansford
        Brookneal, Va.,
        January 6, 1973.

Dear Col. Adams:

 This is somewhat of a supplement and will reply to your questions in the Dec. 31 letter, since I had not mailed mine when yours was received this A. M.

 Yes, I agree entirely with your belief that there are many places to look for Adams information than only the three or four in S. Central Va.  Especially when I have found that twenty to thirty came to Va, N. C., and Md. from 1620 to 1750, most of whom were to Va.  I have never made the connection between our Hal. Co. Adams family to President John Adams of Mass., although there seems to have been a tradition of long standing from many different branches of this line that such was the case.  My belief is that whatever relationship, if indeed there was one, came from across the sea rather than in America.  Of course there could have been a migration from Mass to Va. during the 1600's to very early 1700's.  There does not seem to be any way to either prove or disprove this.

 I have not done any research in N. C. but hope to do so if time permits.  How many more useful years are left to me will dictate what can be done, now being in my late 65th and 66 on January 28th.  Although some interesting data has been found in Adams Addenda and from corresponding with those who have entered queries, I still have no information whatever from anyone in connection with my main objective; namely, ancestry of John Addams d. Hal. Co., Va. in 1769.  There is no doubt in my mind that some of the same family as mine, and probably yours moved to N. C., S. C., and perhaps Ga. when my ancestors stopped in Halifax Co.  Actually the section was either Brunswick or later Lunenburg at the time of the first migration from Northern Va. (Fairfax, Pr. Wm., or Stafford).  One of my main reasons to believe that the line is very likely the same as sent you some time ago, is that there was a seeming scarcity of Adamses in the counties of N. Va., and Northern Neck at the time from all existing records which I have found.  Except Daniel Adams of N. C., and Hugh Adams of Rockbridge Co., Va, it seems that all are of the same line which descended from John Adams and wife Elizabeth (Johns) Adams of Fairfax Co., or Gabriel Adams of Fairfax Co.  A large number of Pitts. Co. Adamses were from sons of William d. Char. Co., 1769, namely John, Nathan, and perhaps Robert.

 Now about your item, Chart 178 "a", I have personally seen the following in Halifax Marriage register: Book 1, page 45, Nancy Adams m. James Powell, Phillip Adams Wit. & Bond, also Obadiah Roberts was Wit.  Will Adams Father.  Date Feb. 11, 1800.  This Will Adams was the oldest son of John and Susan Wood Adams, and Phillip was his brother.  Also I read the following in Charlotte Co. Marriage Register, Book 1, (did not put down the page No.) August 1st, 1785, William Adams m. Ketuah Ford, Bondsman Culverine Ford.  It was also found that Culverine Ford was her father as evidenced in Deed records.  This Wm. Adams was, from all I have found in the records, the son of William, the son of William who d. 1769 (as above).

 This page two and also noted in page one will explain that I meant that your Samuel's father might have been son of John and Susan Wood Adams and the husband of Nancy.  The Elizabeth you mention married Reuben jones.  She was born abt. 1770, either in Lunenburg, Brunswick, or N. C.

    Again, Sincerely,
    (signed) _. _. Lansford
       Lt. Col. Gordon S. Adams

       February 20, 1973

Dear Madalene, Lowe, Bob K., and Bob V.,

 Enclosed, the U. S. 1880 Census for Samuel Adams; note that it shows him and his parents as "born Virginia."  He may not have known where he or his parents were born, or even who they were, but this is the first document I've seen that even suggests he had parents.

 My 2nd (and last, I guess) attempt to get Samuel's death record brought this from the Va. Dept. of Health:
 "No record could be found; the early death records for Pittsylvania Co. have been searched from 1889 through 1896.  We have also checked the Danville records from 1887 through 1896."

 Any suggestions?  Does anyone know if there might be extant death records in towns -- such as Gretna, Chatham, or ?, which for some reason, would not be in the Dept. of Health?  I have just decided to have them look in the Halifax Co. Records, and, if that produces nothing, in the Charlotte Co. files.  The latter is probably useless, but since Samuel lived a long time in Halifax Co., it is worth a try.  How sure are we that he died in Pittsylvania Co.?

 Back to the 1880 Census; the large copy sent me contained many other families; no other Adamses, no Vadens, and no other names of significance to me.

 Madalene, Senator Vaden's version of the "family tradition" was that:  "Wilson Vaden, relatives, and friends went to Miss. Terr. early in the Jefferson Administration, -- etc."  That would be 1801-1804, more than a year after Samuel was born.  You imply that you accept what you were told as a child that Samuel's parents were married enroute to, and that Samuel was born in Miss.
 A possible explanation of the inconsistencies between the two versions is that:  it is a known fact that many people went to Miss. while it was still under the Spanish, at least as early as 1775 of which I have records.  Still more, anticipating its becoming U. S. territory, went from 1800 on, and especially when it became known that Jefferson had purchased it, and before it was officially designated a Territory and opened to settlement.

 In view of the above, and with a little correction in the dating, both versions are possible.  I had also heard Madalene's version from Aunt Lona Adams at Red Oak, and told it to a professional genealogist I met in the San Fran. Library in 1968.  She said:
 "Oh, yes!  You do have a problem; many of the pioneers were married in St. Louis enroute to Miss.  You ought to check the St. Louis Genealogical Society."  I haven't done that for two reasons; first, St. Louis is too far north; also I seem to remember Sen. Vaden also wrote that our pioneers went by the Cumberland Trail.  This in itself is insufficient reason for not checking the St. Louis Gen. Soc., which obviously does not limit its gen. records.  The 2nd reason I haven't checked them is obvious;  I don't know the names of Samuel's parents.  How can I ask them to send me all the Adams marriage records they have, from 1795-1800?  Is that practical?  Maybe it is.  Even if I got them, they might be useless, unless one of them happened to show Wilson Vaden as witness, or something like that.  Again, any suggestions?  It has also been suggested that I check the Mormons in Salt Lake city. I haven't, for the same reasons as above.  Another reason is that I suspect a professional genealogist would have to be called in to do the searching, and I don't feel I can afford that route.

  Lowe, many happy returns on Jan. 28th.  Thank you for your letter of Jan. 5-6.  Your idea that Samuel's father might have been son of John and Susannah Adams, born while John & S. were in N. C. ca. 1784, is very interesting.  Aunt Loma had a vague idea that Samuel's father "worked his way north to Pitt. Co. and had a brother named John."  She was very vague about it, and unsure of her memory on that point.

 No, Lowe, I have seen no record of a Samuel Adams falling in a creek in N. C.  I draw all addressees attention to the center of Lowe's letter (enclosed) referring to Sarah Barnett and Nancy Ragland.  Although you did not say so, I presume their marriages were in Va.  If in Miss., that would be astounding news to me.  My 305-series of charts deals with a Geo. Adams m. Katerine Dixon; he d. ca. 1751, Lancaster Co., Pa.  Their son, William Adams b. 1734, Chester Co. Pa., m. ca. 1734 (sic), Chester Co., Pa, Susannah Martin.  He d. ca. 1816 Surrey (Yadkin Co.) N. C.
 I show 12 children for this William; will comment on a few; (Jean) born 1755, Bedford Co., Va.  The rest b. Orange Co., N. C.
William m. 1798 Millicent BARNETT.
In addition to the above, other daus. Rachel, Mary, Anne, Sarah, Margaret.
Other sons:  Jonathan (m. Anne Brown), Moses (m. ca.. 1791, ?), George (m. 1: Agatha Jackson; 2 - Lydia Parker), James (d.y.), and John b. 1778 (m. ca. 1803, Elizabeth ?)
Bob V. and I were discussing several years ago (his most recent letter) a Samuel Adams m. 25 Nov. 1800, Bedford Co., Va., Patsy Wade, dau. of Isaac Wade.  Bob V. had the abstract, but did not give me the ref.  Anyway, this abstract interested me because the name WADE appears as middlename of several of my relatives (females) for several generations, and no one seems to know why.  Correction, I do have the reference; A book by Dennis & Smith covering the Bedford Co. marriage bonds, 1755-1800.

 More on Miss.  When the Choctaw Nation was dissolved about 1827, the whole of N. Miss. was opened up to homesteading; this is why Vaidensville Miss. is probably of no interest to us, since it was founded about 1830.  Earlier pioneers to S. Miss. had the right to travel thru the Nation per a treaty with the Indians.  Lowe, I am interested in the Miss. county to which Sarah Barnett and Nancy Ragland went, and when.

 If Samuel and Tamson were first married in Milton (or elsewhere in Caswell Co.) N. C., there is a possibility that the bond or marriage record could prove interesting.

 Bob K., if you came to San Jose enroute to Danville, I'm very sorry I did not get to meet you; also, I was looking forward to showing you my "genealogical Factory."  Glad to see you are settled.  Yes, we all realize that the connection between Elizabeth's death and Samuel's being bound out a month later, may be purely coincidental.  Nevertheless, with Wilson Vaden and John Adams being named administrators of her estate, and with Wilson Vaden having reared Samuel, and with Samuel being bound out a month after her death, and with the tradition that Samuel's father may have had a brother named John, there seems to me more of a connection between Elizabeth and Samuel than just coincidence.

 Madalene and Bob V., the co-editor of "Adams Addenda" wrote me that she had copied a marriage record:
Susan Adams married Wiley Vaden, 11 Nov. 1830, Lee Co., Va.

She sent me the above, this week, as reaction to a "Query" they had published for me several months ago.  Thought it might interest you.

Bob V., did you ever come home from Europe?  The silence from Gretna is deafening.

Madalene, you once mentioned Jacob Berger as a Rev. War Patriot.  My Crispen Dickenson b. 1829, m. a Christiana Berger, of whom I know nothing but her name.  Their granddaughter, my grandmother, was Christiana Wade Dickenson, the first in my line to use the name Wade.  I would like if possible, to tie Christiana Berger to her line.

The center of page 2 of this letter is disjointed, and may be of no interest to anyone.  While writing this letter, I happened to get into my charts, found the ones (accidentally) about Wm. Adams of N. C., and thought I had the ones which include a Samuel Adams who seems to have dropped off and stayed in Va., while the rest of the family went on to N. C.  Wrong charts; not only that, but I seem to have removed that Samuel's chart from the stack, and at the moment can't find it.

 It occurs to me that Samuel was bound out to learn the tanning trade, and may have been bound out to someone in Halifax Co., since that is where Samuel later established his tannery.

  Lowe and Bob K., I do appreciate all the info you have sent; even more, I appreciate the interest you have shown in Samuel, especially since he is not your ancestral problem.  I am now going to chart all that info; if anything sensational developes, I'll start another letter.

 Best wishes to you all.
    (signed) Gordon S. Adams
        Brookneal, Va.,
        March 12, 73.

Dear Gordon:

 I have waited until I could go to Halifax before answering your last very interesting letter so that perhaps something of interest could be reported.  This is the extent of my searching:
 Heirs of John Adams dec'd which was the sale of some land in possession of Jno. Adams when he died.

 DB 49, page 201, October 10, 1843.  Deed was signed by the three children of John Adams, dec's, as follows:

 Samuel Adams of Halifax Co., Va.
 Currie Barnett and Sarah, his wife, Person Co., N. C.
 John Ragland and Nancy, his wife, Panola Co., Miss.
 Attested by Wm, Peterson and W. C. Culberson, Justices of Panola Co., Miss.
Halifax Co., Va. Marriages:

Sarah Adams m. Dr. Currie Barnett Aptril 8, 1811.  Benjamin Adams Wit. (U)

Nancy Adams m. John Ragland Nov. 14, 1812.  Samuel Adams Wit. (Brother)

 Therewas no way to determine when they left Halifax Co.

 I do not believe there would be any death records in Pitts. Co. or towns in the area in question.  In one of your letters you mentioned that you specifically recalled that some N. C. Adams family had something about a Samuel Adams falling in a crack somewhere.  I misread yours and said creek.  Perhaps you might look into this again since it is very likely that if John and Susan Wood Adams did indeed have a son named Samuel who married Nancy Adams, that he must have been born in N. C., Lunenburg, Mecklenburg, or Brunswick due to the fact that there did not seem to be any records pertaining to this branch of Adamses until 1784 when John Adams of North Carolina bought 841 1/2 acres from Walton being part of a larger tract granted first to William Byrd.  After this both John Adams and his sons appear frequently.  One of my main reasons to believe that your Samuel was a son of another Samuel who had been son of John and Susan Wood Adams was the fact (I may have said this before) their son John named his son Samuel (as above) plus the fact that the name had not been used in the other Adams lines before this.  All of the other facts called to your attention in my previous letters seem to fairly definately prove that Samuel F. Adams was your ancestor. If nothing else, the name of his son WILLIAM WILSON also mentioned before, would be surely after William P. Adams Gdn. and Wilson Vaden to whom a Samuel was bound out.  The fact that William P. Adams was Gdn. certainly would have nothing to do with his being "bound out".  In fact I have found instances where children were similarly placed when their parents were living.

 Do you know whether William W. Adams married a third time?  Failed to put down D. B. etc but in 1802 a William W. Adams and wife Nonnie P. Adams sold 72 a. at Lennig to Rosa F. Conner.

    (signed) Lowe

Dear Gordon,
 Thanks for your letter of Feb. 20th.  I really have nothing new except a possibly new suggestion.  My ancestor John Adams Sr. died in Pittsy. Co. in 1815 leaving a will which mentioned only 2 children:  John Jr. & Elizabeth.  I know that John Sr. had other children (at least a son Allen) and I just wonder if your Samuel's father could have been a son of his who died prior to 1811 and thus left Samuel with his grandparents to raise (these grandparents being John Adams Sr. & his wife Elizabeth).  Now as I think __ Eliz. who died in 18__ was John ___ wife.  This would have left young Samuel with his aged grandfather (John Sr.) who probably had ___ bound him out for ___ that he couldn't care for the lad.
 Quite a theory Don't you think!  Too bad I don't have any real proof to base it on.
 Write wnenever...
 Bob K.
{underlined spaces represent gaps the transcriber could not read.}
       Lt. Col. Gordon S. Adams

      March 31, 1973

Dear Madalene, Lowe, Bob K., and Bob V.,

 Ladies and Gentlemen!  I want to introduce you to a new member of our distinguished group; a man who: -- is now ready to go, and wants to help us find the parents of Samuel Adams.  Mr. Robert C. Vaden, Jr. in person!  Bob V. has already spent years in genealogical pursuits, and is fully cognizant on our Samuel problem.  He asks what he can do.

 Genealogy does not lend itself well to "being directed which way to go".  It is an onerous, demanding, goading "addiction" to which we unfortunates fall.  And we put up with it because we see it as a challenge to us as individuals; nevertheless, Bob V., you do have a good question; I'll answer it by saying:  look over all the correspondence I sent you; if you are at all "analytically" inclined (I know you are), you'll be able to identify 1-2 dozen points which reflect:
 a.  Info we need and don't have,
 b.  Records that need screening,
 c.  Conflicting traditions that need resolution, etc.
I'm sure you'll find one or more items, on which you may have already more info than we do; you may find something which tickles your fancy, and on which you'd like to work; everyone works at his own pace, and no one pushes for production.  A point:  duplication of effort is a waste of time
 We are all different; each of us gets a kick out of something the other guy could care less about; I get a kick out of having found that I am descended from an early Dutch immigrant to NYC, thru 3 of his 5 sons!  Another Dutchman married, had children, became a widower, married his 1st wife's sister, had more children, and I am descended from him thru both of his wives.
 Now to business.  The Va. Dept. of Health could find no death record for Samuel Adams in Halifax Co.  I give up on that record, unless someone has a pertinent suggestion.
 Another of my correspondents in Burbank has access to the "American State Papers" which included U. S. Land Office records for all of USA and its Territories.  She volunteeered to search those Papers, if I'd tell her what to look for.  I told her to forget about Adamses and to look for Wilson Vaden; if she found him, to let me know and I'd pick up the ball from there and dig into any Adams land records in that same area.  She writes that she has now checked the entire Class 8 (?) records and found no Wilson Vaden.  More "negative" info which proves nothing, --- but might have.  Would you believe that she thanked me for that assignment (her word), because of the experience she got in dealing with those Papers!

 Ordinarily, with the combined effort of 5 people such as us, on any given problem, the solution normally would narrow down to 1-2 soutions or alternative decisions to be made.  I have the sensation that the Samuel problem is expanding.  This is good!  Now we have more elbow room in which to work.  i feel that there is at least one thing in each of the conflicting family traditions, which does not ring true.  (example:  Samuel obviously was not born in both Va. and in Miss. Terr, so one of those versions is plain wrong).
 Back to the Burbank lady; she did find a reference to a Vaden (not Wilson) of the Va. line, with respect to "Certificates not picked up."  Since it was not Wilson, she passed over it.  Was I interested?  YES!  Madalene and Bob V. seem to be having some doubts as to whether Wilson V. ever went to Miss.  ____ points out that if Samuel were brought back to Va., it was probably by someone other than Wilson V.  Her (Burbank lady) record may have nothing to do with Miss. T.

 Lowe, thanks for you letter of March 12th with info on Sara Adams and Currie Barnett's marriage, and their living in Person Co., N. C. (just below Danville), and of John Ragland and Nancy Adams of Panola Co., Miss. in 1843; Panola Co. is in N. W. Miss. and was probably erected about 1830.

 And, Lowe, the creek-crack problem is amusing; yet it serves to remind me to dig into my charts and come up with the source of the creek-crack problem in the first place.  Trouble is; I have apparently mis-filed that chart and may have to go thru all the charts to find it.  That's MY problem, and my immediate objective.

 In one of my previous letters I asked that you all advise me of what records you felt you had exhausted in those 3 Va. Counties, with the idea that we might identify records or record types that may not have been screened at all, any one of which might solve the Samuel problem.  From your responses (or lack thereof) I can only conclude that possibly 50% of the existing records have not bee screened at all.  This screening should obviously be done, and under control to avoid duplication of effort; I am not qualified to evaluate the scope and nature of such an effort, nor in a position to control it; I don't even have a feel for whether it would be a few days or many weeks of work to accomplish it.  Comments, suggestions, please!
 There is a local, small Mormon office 15 miles from here, to which, on order, records can be sent from Salt Lake City (microfilm) for screening.  I presume records are available for those 3 Va. Counties, and am willing to do my part of the screening in this manner, under someone else's control as to what types of records to request, and for which county(ies).

 Without going into pages of "why" I also feel that the Records of N. C., especially of those counties near Danville, need screening; I cannot ignore the many clues that the Samuel problem might well be a N. C. problem, nor that as far as I can see, no one has ever searched in N. C. records.

 I have just found the Samuel Adams who fell in a crack somewhere.  A James Adams (m. Cecily Foster) lived in James City Co., Va and/or Albemarle Co., Va.  They had 3 sons:  Thomas (m. Sally Ford); Columbus (went to Ohio); James, Jr. (m. #1, Miss Harrisson, #2, Jane Cunningham - dau of James Cunningham.)
 James, Jr. was born 18 Oct. 1753 in Albemarle Co., Va.  He went to Elbert Co., Ga. in 1796 and d. there in 1835.  He volunteered as Sgt. inRev. War from Charlotte Co. Va.  His children were:
 William (m. Ms. Mansfield of Baltimore, who d. 1818, #2 m. Sarah Head).
 Samuel (b. Va. 1784. m. Martha Ann Thornton, dau. of Dozier Thornton)
 Ann Thompson (m. Hieron Gaines)
 Jane (m. isham Teasley)
 Elizabeth (m. Ivey Seales)
 John C.
 All children except Samuel, settled in Elbert Co., Ga.
 Ref:  P. 50, 1972, Vol. 2, Number 2, "Adams Addenda"

 Further, my charts show James, jr. m. Jane Cunningham 12 June 1772, Charlotte Co., Va.  I have nothing further on this Samuel.  He is not included in my 5 vols. of "Va. Marriages" 1700-1799, by Cecil D. McDonald, nor have I ever seen his marriage recorded in any of my previous screenings of reference books.  This is why I wrote that he seemed to have fallen in a crack somewhere.

 Lowe, your hypothesis that Samuel's father may have been the unrecorded son, named Samuel, of John & Susan (Wood) Adams is also plausible.

 Bob K., your hypothesis is equally interesting.  Both hypotheses enclosed.

 I agree that the meager evidence available might suggest that Elizabeth (d. 1811) might have been a Vaden, possibly even Wilson's sister or aunt.  I tend to reject the latter two relationships, since that would have made Wilson V. an uncle or gr. uncle of Samuel, and no such relationship have I ever heard in family tradition.

 I've run out of steam, but have a lot of paper left on this page.  May as well use it to point up some more of the contradictions in family traditions.
 Bob V., you write that your father was certain that Samuel knew who his parents were;  Madalene, if I remember correctly, you believe that he did not know who his parents were.  Might Ella Vaden Aylor be able to shed some light on any of these matters?

 (How about Methodist Church records in those Counties, or their Minister's returns?  Anyone know if they exist?  Samuel's being a Methodist in those days might have been equivalent to a synagouge in Cairo today; I was under the impression that all my Adamses had been Baptists for 10,000 years.  Any books written by Methodist Ministers, to compare to Semple's on the Baptists?  {Transcriber's note: preceding part of this paragraph was crossed out and replaced with handwritten statement "see note in ink, end of letter", and "Baptist" inserted above crossed-out Methodist})  I'm not used to having to depend on Court Records to build a family tree;  in fact I built my mother's side, back to every original immigrant (mostly 1627-1670) without ever reading an original Court Record (that's why I am unqualified in that area now; I am aware of Records of land transactions, deeds, wills, etc., but have never dug into them myself); all my work has been in the area of tracing down published family genealogies, into which I knew I tied, or in tracing down published copies of Reformed Dutch Church Records on which those published genealogies were based.  And the Dutch, and French-Huguenot Church Records still exist, and are unsurpassed as genealogical sources.  At the same time, I realize that the English took away from the Va. and other states ministers, the authority for recording religious records (baptism, marriage, burial, etc.), and turned those functions over to the civil servants, many of whom were illiterate.  BUT! Do we HAVE TO restrict our search to Court Records alone?  I doubt it, and hope we'll all keep our eyes open for potentially-profitable other sources.
 I put no weight whatsoever on the fact that earlier Vadens (1825-1930) called him "Cousin Sam."  I suspect that his growing up in the home of W. Vaden automatically conferred such a title, but acknowledge there could have been a blood relation.
 What is the latest record (court) on W. Vaden, AFTER 1800, and prior (if any) to 1811?  We need to narrow down the period in which he MIGHT have gone to Miss. Terr.  Again, might any church or other record help narrow that period even more?
 And, I hope everyone will keep in mind the fact that Lowe Lunsford's problem is with John Adams (Addams) who d. Halifax Co. ca. 1769.  Bob K., I'm not sure what your most pressing Adams genealogical problem is, but if you will identify it, we'll all keep it in mind; may I ask why yu think that Elizabeth (d. 1811) was wife of John (d. 1815)?  Is it because he hamed a dau. Elizabeth, in his will?

     Happy Hunting!
    (signed) Gordon S. Adams
P.S. Bob V. wrote that Samuel's Bible was a Methodist Bible.  Have just realized that my records show that, in 1873, Samuel & Tamsen Adams transferred their membership from the Vernon Hill BAPTIST Church to the Chatham BAPTIST Church.


For ___ _____, I have ____ 1_  ___ a virus, _______ to ____ ____ all data on on Samuel Adams that is on record in the clerk's office of the Circuit Court of Pittsylvania Co., Va.  I work an hour and rest two!  In case you want copies, you may order directly from the clerk of the court, giving my references. (I found a Sameul C.; a Samuel _.; a Samuel _.; and a Samuel _. Adams.  By tracing their _____, I amcertain they were not our Samuel.)

I believe I wrote you that records show Wilson Vaden was married here in 1796 and was ________ _ __ __ _ were in 1800 & 1802, respectively.  The next record that I found of him was 1811, as administrator for El______ in 1814.  When Burwell Vaden deeded 130 acres for 100 pounds _____.  It is possible that he went west or south between 1__2 & 1811, but I find no proof.

Evidently I did not make my meaning clear.  I feel sure that Samuel Adams knew who his parents were, but he was too young when they died to remember them.  For that reason he did not mention them to his children.

Samuel Adams & family moved back to Pittsylvania Co. from Halifax during or just after the Civil War.  Robert W. Vaden, who was living in the large brick house that later became the hotel at Patrick Springs, also moved back to this county.  (My father, born 1852, remembered watching him weigh meat & flour etc. for widows of soldiers.  He served as commissary.)  S. Adams & Robt. Vaden built handsome homes, facing each other in a grove of giant oakes near Galveston Hill.  These homes burned while they were at church one Sunday - the cook left hot _____ on the back porch.  this must have been about 187_, since in his obituary mention was made of the tragedies in his life, the death of _______, 19 year old daughter and his home burning.  I have heard that Samuel Adams and Robt. Vaden operated a furniture factory - ____ __ _____ __ was made.

Samuel Adams then moved one mile north to the home called "Cherry Hill" and later, "_ill _____".  This place was sold to my father when he moved from _______, after se_____ ____ years as treasurer of Pittsylvania Co.  __ ____ _______ ______ _____ ____ four rooms, several ________ ____ first ______ in htat area - to accommodate his family of ten children.

My father, at 22 years of age, after his father's death in 1874, assumed all of Robert Vaden's responsibilities.  He took care of his sister and two brothers until they married or died.  ( ___ Vaden was killed by a drunken Negro.)  His mother lived with us until her death in 1906 as did Samuel Adams and his other daughter, ____ Tamsen Irby.  I remember her well and her funeral at the old home. (1915 or 1916?) one of the first I was allowed to attend.

My sister, ___ _aden _yler is ninety-two ___ __ __ ______ Medical Care Center.  I have talked with her many times - she has no information regarding the parents of Samuel Adams.

I located the minutes of Greenfield Church (Baptist), organized in 1800 and found that Robert W. Vaden, Giles H. Vaden, __la _. Vaden & Rebecca _. Vaden joined by letter in 186_; by 1867 a list of transfers from Galveston included the names of Miss Rosa F. Irby (granddaughter of Samuel Adams), _olly J. Adams & Ida V. Dickenson.  No mention of Samuel Adams.  I cannot locate the minites of Chatham Baptist Church, but I believe the statement is correct that Samuel & Tamsen Adams moved their membership here from Vernon Hill Church.  I have no explanation of the "Methodist Bible" - it contained a picture of Christ being sprinkled rather than immersed, so my mother said.

I have thouroughly enjoyed you letters and trust that the three of you can fit the pieces of the puzzle together and find proof of Samuel's parentage.  We know, for a fact, that he died in Pittsylvania County, not Halifax.

     Most sincerely,
    Re:  Samuel Adams born 15 Jan. 1800
      died May _, 1__2

Records of the Circuit Court of Pittsylvania County, Virginia

Grantee Deeds:

1832 June 18  Samuel Adams from john Williams & wife, Elizabeth
Tract on John's Run & Shockoe Cr. on the road to Clark's Bridge ... for $950 ... 218.48  Vol 33 pg 389-396

1833 May 20  Samuel Adams from Leonard Clairborn & wf.
33 1/4 ac. on Shocko Cr. on road to Clark's Bridge for $130 ... Vol 35  pg 110-114

1835 June 1  Samuel Adams & Robert Terry from John Compton ... Deed of Trust on household furniture ect.  Vol 37 pg. 404-405

1840 Dec 21  Samuel Adams & Robert Terry from Wm. Abbott ... Trust  Vol 44 pg 259-260

1863 Jan 17  Samuel Adams of Halifax County from Stephen Tucker & wife ... their interest in Galveston Mills & land ... & all interest in books & debts in the Concern of Vaden, Davis & Tucker ... for $1500 ... Vol 60 pg. 374-375

1877 Apr 19  Samuel Adams from John L. Hurt & wife (partition)  127 ac ______ Farm  $1900  Vol 70 pg. 435-436

Grantor Deeds:

1844 Jan 15  Samuel Adams of Co. of Pittsylvania & wife, Tamsen A. to Reuben _. Carter for $350.  ... 18 acres on John's Run ... in said Co. ...  Vol 48 pg. 159-160

1854 Jul 17  Samuel Adams of the County of Halifax & wife Tamsen to Thomas Shields ... 233 ac. for $315 ... on John's Run & Shokoe Cr. ... Pittsylvania Co.  Vol 55 pg. 177-178

1863  Jan 17  Samuel Adams & wife Tamsen A. to Robert W. Vaden for $2000. ... their interest in Galveston Mills & land attached ... ect. ...  Vol 60 pg. 373-374

Marriage Register:

1827  Dec 26  Samuel Adams & Tamsen Dix- Bondsman Peter Barksdale; sighner-self.  Minister- William Blair  Pg. 87

Note:  Samuel Adams was living in Halifax Co., Va. when his daughter mary Reaves Adams married Robert W. Vaden- Dec. 16, 1851

Court Orders- Pittsylvania Co., Va.

1811  Samuel Adams ordered bound out by the Overseers of the Poor   Vol. 15 Pg. 151

1838 May 21  Ordered that the Male Tithables work the road from Samuel Adams to James Thompsons  Vol. 34 Pg. 118-119
License for House _ Private Embursement (? illeg.)

1862 Jan 20  Samuel Adams qualified as administrator of Estate of Martha Dix ... Bond $40,000  Vol. 46 Pg. 211
Samuel Adams qualified as Admr. of the estate of Thomas Dix ... Bond $4,000  Vol. 46 Pg. 252

1866 Aug 20  Samuel Adams, Admr. Accounts Current  Vol. 47 Pg. 208
Confirmed  Vol. 48 Pg. 56
(Martha & henrietta Dix)

1898  Apr 26  Samuel Adams _et. Committed to Sheriff  Vol. 67 Pg. 204
 Order to Appraise


1898 Mar 20  Will of Samuel Adams (written Jan. 1889)
Names three children:  Ann Tamsen Irby  Will Book
  Mary Reaves Vaden  216
  William Wilson Adams 219

Land Book - Taxes - Pittsylvania Co., Va.

1833-1834  Samuel Adams paid taxes on 218 acres on John's Run & Shockoe Creek
1834  33 1/4 acres

1839  Samuel Adams paid taxes on 218 acres & 33 1/4 acres on Shockoe Cr. & John's Run

1851  Samuel Adams of the County of Halifax paid taxes on 200 acres on Shockoe Creek  400.88
33 1/4 acres on Shockoe Creek.  133.88
(These books are badly worn and difficult to read.)

ACCOUNTS CURRENT Vol. 57, pp. 290.

1898  March Court - Inventory & appraisal of the estate of Samuel Adams, deceased ... Appraisers: C. D. Bennett, W. W. Adams, _. H. H. Cocke, W. I. Overbey, Sheriff & Admr.  Apr. 17, 1898 ...

1892 Apr. 20 - filed & approved - Ross Carter, Comr.

1898 Aug 1 - Written to record ... W. B. Shepherd, Clk
        Brookneal, Va.,
        April 16, 1973.

Dear Gordon:

 Thank you for your last two letters and will now attempt to answer your questions.  Glad to hear that Bob Vaden is now on your team and that he may help in the solution of the parentage of your Samuel.  Sorry to say I have nothing new to report.  Now for your last letter:  Item 1. Regarding the several John Adamses you list, I failed to make copies of all my letters so will begin anew as follows: generations before John Adams d. in 1750-51 in FAIRFAX County, Va. with wife Elizabeth (presumably Johns) Adams, Executrix of his estate, a__ conjecture, but due to the scarcity of any other Adams in areas in the counties of Northumberland, Stafford, and Fairfax during the late 1600 and early 1700 period, Bob King and I have, after a considerable amount of research, concluded that John Adams with wife Katherine who sold his property in Northumberland Co. 1702 and bought in Stafford at about the same time, as well as John Adams Jr., sonof John Adams also bought land in the same place on Accokeek Creek (Main Run), Stafford County, was the same John Adams whose Will was recorded in the index of Stafford Co. Wills, period 1721-1730.  However this book was lost in the burning of Stafford Court House by yankee soldiers during the Civil War.  Anyway there was no other John Adams in the county during the above period.  Therefore it would seem to be fairly conclusive to place John Adams Jr. as the same John Adams who had married Elizabeth Johns at some time before 1703 when in Richard Johns Will of that year he names his daughter Elizabeth, wife of John Adams.  Will is recorded in King William Co., Va and I have seen it.  Stafford and King William were adjoining counties and it would definitely seem that this John and Elizabeth Adams were the same as later being in Fairfax Co. in 1750 since Fairfax was formed from the parent in 1742.  I have seem the record of administration of Estate of John Adams by Elizabeth Adams in which payments were made to Nipper Adams, John Jr., and Will Adams.  I have a record found by Henry Welch Adams, genealogist of Atlanta, Ga, which is from Fairfax Co.  Inventories in which is mentioned in connection with the above, "Grandsons, sons of John Jr., Nipper, William and unnamed children in the proceedings."  Now, since my ancestor John Adams d. ca. 1769 in HALIFAX Co., Va. had sons named Nipper, William, John and Joshua, he is most surely the same as the John Jr. who was son of John Adams d. Fairfax Co. about 1751 and had wife Elizabeth.  Following MY LINE, the next would be John Adams b. abt. 1740-44, son of John d. 1769 and Eleanor his wife, who married FIRST Jane (Jenny) Hurt, second Prudence Thornton, and third Rebecca Martin, dying in 1828.  He did NOT marry Mary Thompson in 1781 since he had a son Moza (named for Moza Hurt, father of wife Jane), who was married in 1797 and even if he had been only 17 years of age when married, (unlikely), would of course been born in 1780 one year before the date of record when a John Adams married Mary Thompson, da. of John Thompson, in Hal. Co.  It is my belief that this John was a son of Richard or James Adams who were brothers of John Adams d. ca. 1769.  The John Adams you list as marrying Nancy Craddock was a son of his father John Adams and second wife Prudence Thornton, being half brother of James Adams my ancestor, who was the last child of John and wife Jane Hurt Adams.  This last John Adams (m. Nancy Craddock), the son of Prudence Thornton Adams, wa born 1792-3 since his father m. his mother in 1791.  Therefore you have two of the Johns confused, your last listing of a John b. 1726 is the same one who m. Susan Wood evidently, due to some of his descendents having placed his birthdate as abt. 1726.  From numerous deeds, in one of which John Adams of Lunenburg Co. and his wife Susanna sold 100 acres land in Fairfax Co. being the same tract willed to John Adams by his father Gabriel in 1750.  This transaction was in 1758 and during the period t__ 1762, a John Adams and Susanna, his wife sold a number of parcels of land in Lunenburg Co., all being part of a larger tract which had been bought from Drury Stith of Brunswick Co. containing 800 acres.  Also John Adams, no right of dower mentioned, sold 200 acres in Brunswick "joining Richard Woods line".  From the above, it definately seems that this John Adams the son of Gabriel Adams was the same as the one who married Susan Wood, da. of Richard Wood of Brunswick Co.  My notes above may be proven by existing Va. County Court Records, and the conclusion that John and Katherine Adams were the parents of John Adams d. Fairfax Co. 1750-51 who had wife Elizabeth.  Probably there may show up records which will positively prove this.  Gabriel being another son of Jno &

 All of this and much more will appear in Bob King's book, and since he is a very careful genealogist as far as proof is concerned, he is very likely to have record proof for most of his statements.  When such is not available, he gives his methods at arriving at conclusions.

 Item No. 2:  Samuel Adams who was right-of-way buyer for railroad in 1886 may have been the same as the son of Nancy Adams, but d__ to age, if so, surely would have ben rather old for this type of work, and therefore appears doubtful to have been the same.  Since the Will of Nancy Adams was proven in 1817, it seems more likely that she was deceased, never having heard of Will being probated during the life of the maker.  I have read her Will and the facts pertaining to same are still the same as told you before.  Bob King knows the correct da__ in this Nancy Adams connection, I feel sure.  Facts I have given you in regard to Halifax County Adamses as well as Charlotte are from personal searches of the records.

 Item No. 3 (New Subject):  Nancy Adams and William P. Adams, her brother as named in her Will, were children of William and Sara Boyd Adams.  William was a son of John Addams who died in Halifax Co. in 17__.  His wife was a daughter of James Boyd of Halifax Co., Va.  John Addams, father of William was a son of John and Elizabeth Adams of Fairfax Co. and a grandson of John and Katherine Adams of Northumberland and later Stafford Counties.  This William Adams had only one wife, Sara Boyd, and she was mother of ten known children.  Perhaps there may have been more.

 Item No. 4 (New Subject):  So much for William W. and wive N___ since he undoubtedly was a different line of Adamses.

 Item No. 5:  Re; Mrs. Madeline Fitzgerald, I sincerely hope she has not been offended by anything either you or I have mentioned, the_ were only different clues to think about with the hope of solving your problem of Samuel.

 Last, as I have probably said before, much of the LDS material is unreliable due to its having been based on information sent to them and to some extent is from family tradition which I have proben to be erronious in many cases.

 Hope you may still have some new information towards your immediate problem and with my best wishes,
    (signed) Lowe

P. S. Item No. 1.  John Adams m. Katherine Napier (Nipper?) was born in Northumberland Co., or elsewhere.  Not Fairfax.  John Adams m. Eliz. Johns d. in Fairfax Co., not Halifax.
       A. Lowe Lunsford
       Brookneal, Va.,
       May 4, 1973.

Dear Gordon:

 Thank you for your letter enclosing material from Mr. Sims and the card received today.  I have not found anything pertinent to my work in the Sims notes.  However, this may show something later in relation to some branch of Adamses.  I have also received a letter from mr. Sims in which he seems to think I am primarily interested in John and Susan Wood Adams.  Of course this is not the case, I having run across the records of this family during the pursuit of finding ancestry of my ancestor John Addams d. Hal. Co. in 1769.

 Yes I have read the charting of Zachariah Adams family by Mr. Roberson in the last issue of Addenda and it has raised several questions:  1) That there may have two John Adamses involved in this mans work or that he did not definately verify the origin of the John who m. Susan (Susanna) Wood who was da. of Richard Wood of Brunswick County.  I will give you the following verified records and you may draw your own conclusions.

 Fairfax Co. W. B. A. - Will of Gabriel Adams dated Jan. 19, 1749 and probated Dec. 27, 1950, mentions sons John, Sylvester, Cathon, Earl, Gabriel, Simon, and da. Susanna Summers.  Executors, sons Gabriel and William.  Thus it can be definately proven that Gabriel Adams had a son named John.

 Fairfax Co. D. B. D, page 564:  August 18, 1758, Gabriel Adams eldest son and heir at law of Gabriel Adams, late of the County of Fairfax and John Adams of the County of Lunenburg and Susanna his wife sell to John Dalton of Fairfax 100 acres being part of a greater tract of 515 acres granted to Gabriel Adams, father of the said Gabriel Adams and John Adams by patent Oct. 12, 1726 and by said Gabriel Adams devised to John Adams his son for life as by the last Will and Testament of Gabriel Adams proved and recorded in Fairfax Co., August 1758.  Actually recorded April 1759.  Therefore this deed definately proves that John Adams son of Gabriel Adams deceased of Fairfax Co., was living in Lunenburg Co. in 1758 and had a wife Susanna.

 Brunswick Co. D. B. 6, page 360, dated Nov 8, 1758, John Adams of Lunenburg sells to Chas. Humphries of Lunenburg 200 acres in Brunswick Northside of Teagues Creek, joining Richard Wood's line.  No wife mentioned.  This indicates that this John was the same who m. Susan Wood.

 Lunenburg Co. D. B. 5, page 291 - June 7, 1758, Drury Stith of Brunswick sells to John Adams of Lunenburg 800 acres in Lunenburg both sides of Little Blue Stone Creek and both sides of Reedy branch, recoded july 4, 1758, Blue Stone Creek is in present mecklenburg Co.

 Subsequently during the years up to 1762 John Adams sold this land in parcels of 100 and 200 acres in which Susanna signed dower to most deeds.  May 3, 1762 was the last I have and Susanna did sign this deed to Robert Carey for 100 acres.  At about this time it is apparent that this John Adams moved or was in the part of Lunenburg which was cut off for Mecklenburg in 1764, and after which he no doubt crossed the Roanoke River into N. C., since he was "from N. C." when in 1764 he bought 841 1/2 acres in Halifax Co.

 There is far more in connection with the case which I could bring out as evidence that Mr. Roberson was dealing with another John Adams as ancestor of Zachariah, than John the son of Gabriel of Fairfax who it would appear from all the evidence, married Susan Wood.  My theory, and that is all, since I have done no work in connection with the John Adams who was son of David, who in turn was a son of Thomas Adams d. ca. 1722 in Prince George co. leaving a Will, is that Zachariah was descended from Thomas Adams.  Perhaps he had a wife named Susanna but so far this has not been proven. A thorough search of Brunswick records may show up this proof.

 The William Adams mentioned as being another connection in the ancestry of said Zachariah is listed as disappearing from Lunenburg records and presumably moving to N. C., where he died in 1783, is not the same William since Charlotte Co., took in this William Adams land when it was formed from Lunenburg in 1765.  There William Adams (ancestor of Robert E. King) died on Wards Fork Creek at his home in 1769 and his Will is recorded in Charlotte Co. W. B. 1, naming his son Nathan as Admr.  Therefore mr. Roberson was completely in error on this point.  His work is most interesting but he just did not do quite enough research.

 Nothing new to report about your Samuel except the naming a son Samuel by Sylvestor Adams a brother of John and likewise on of the sons of John and Susan Wood Adams.  Again, this looks like Sam'l must have been brother of Jno., Sylvester, Wm., Richard, Benj., & Phillip, being the same who m. Nancy Adams, mother of Samuel F.

 Perhaps if you could get someone to take a good look at records in the Surry and Wilkes Counties of N. C. during the period up to 1785, something interesting just might show.  How about Robert Vaden?  He may have time to do so, which I do not have at this time.  It seems to me that I saw in some of the family group sheets that one of the daughters of John and Susan Wood Adams was married in Surry County and this would definately not have been surry in Va.  I do not think.  Too far away for those times.

 Since I have nothing more of value to report, this will have to be all for this time.  With my best wishes, I am,
    (signed) Lowe
P. S. -
I do not believe Bob King subscribes to Addenda.  In your last letter you mentioned something about a Samuel Adams listed in 1850 Census of Halifax Co.  As I pointed out before, he was a son, and the only one, of John Adams one of the sons of John and Susan Wood Adams, therefore a first cousin of Samuel F. Adams.  Bob is still putting together his book on Adams Families of Pitts. and Halifax Counties which should be accurate and most intersting.
    (signed) Lowe
     April 24, 1973
Dear Gordon,
 Let me expand a little on my comment of Oct. 7, 1972 when I said "A Samuel Adams, born 1778, died after 1850, with wife Nancy (having a son, Samuel F. Adams) may have been the son of John Adams & Susan (Wood) Adams, but some records deny this."  Frankly I had forgotten about this so I had to look up my sources and as it turns out, it was Lowe Lunsford who suggested this.  he sent me the names of 8 children of John Adams and Susan (Wood) Adams and then suggested that the above-given Samuel MIGHT be another one.  At the time he sent his data he did not have proof of it and I don't know what he thinks about it now.  I must, however, take "credit" for giving Samuel a birthdate of ca. 1778 and as I review my notes I think I
made a careless error of trying to connect up too much.  The Halifax Co. Census of 1850 shows the following:
845   Benjamin Adams   67  M  Planter  $6,000
 Margaret Adams 67  F
 Margaret Adams 18  F
 Charles Griffin 35  M

846 Samuel Adams 62  M  Planter  $4,000
 Henry Adams 30  M  Overseer
 Mary Adams 20  F
 Ellen Adams 11  F
 Benjamin Adams  7  F
 Susan Adams  5  F
 Samuel Adams  1  M

 Now what I did was apparently think Samuel Adams (age 62 thus born ca. 1787/88 [not 1778]) might be a brother to the above Benjamin (age 67) whom does seem to be the son of John Adams and Susan Wood, thus I connected him to Lowes __
 While it is still possible that Samuel (age 62) is as I originally thought (or rather errored into thinking) it's equally likely he is someone else.  Anyway, I've given you all I know now.

 As to why I _____ _____ D. 1811 was the wife of my John Adams Sr. D. 1815, it is because john named no wife in his will whereas earlier Pittsylvania Co. deeds (e. g. Deed Book 1 p. 48 dated 28 Aug. 1767) show John Sr. to have a wife named Elizabeth.  Then the fact that Wilson Vaden and "John Adams son of John" were appointed executors of the estate of Elizabeth Adams sound to me like the same Elizabeth with "her son" John Adams Jr. (D. 1824) designated thusly as "John Adams son of john" since the father (John Sr.) was still living.  It is even possible that Wilson Vaden could have been related to the Adamses some way or another as I have said befoer I have recors of only 3 children of John Adams Sr. (D. 18__)

but suspect he had more.  Do write me as to your ideas on all this.  I could well be wrong on my identification of Elizabeth but inmy own mind all the "parts" fit too nicely for her to be anyone else.
 You asked about my "most" pressing Adams genealogical problem.  I guess it is to link John Adams Sr. (D. 1815 in Pitts.) as the son of William Adams (D. 1768/69 in Charlotte Co.)  Evidence in that early time period is so scant anyway certainties are hard to come by so I may never find stronger "proof" than the entry in the Halifax Co. deed book 3 p. 20 as follows:  28 Aug. 1760 Wm Addams of Lunenburg Co. (later Charlotte) sold John Adams of Halifax Co. (later Pittsy.) 180 acres of land in Halifax located on both sides of the Banister River.
 It was in/on the Bansiter River area that my Adamses lived so I

must assume for lack of better evidence that Wm. Adams sold this land to a son (John as it were) and then that is why he (Wm) does not name him (Jno.) in his Will.  Instead William names only a son Nathan whom I think is the Nathan Adams D. 1802 in Pittsylvania Co. who had many dealings with John Adams D. 1815 - who would thus be his brother.  This is all rather shakey I agree but for lack of better ideas and evidence I tentatively acept it as true.
 Must close now.
    Best wishes,
    Bob King
       Lt. Col. Gordon S. Adams

       July 3, 1973

Dear Madalene, Lowe, Bob K., and Bob V.,

 First, Madalene, think you very much for your interesting letter and enclosures of April 9th; that was a beautiful piece of work.  I have noted and respect your apparent desire not to be considered a member of "the team;" nevertheless, with your permission, you shall continue to be an addressee of letters such as this, to keep you up-to-date on our progress (or lack thereof).  Respond as and when you wish.
 Incidentally, I remember well Aunt Ida Dickenson Walden, whom you mention as transferring her membership by 1867 from Galveston to the Greenfield Baptist Church.  When I first started on the family tree at age 16, in 1938, I was told to see her.  I regret I never did.  When I got back to it in 1951 I was told to write Senator Vaden, which I did do.  Aunt Ida's great grandfather, Corp. Griffith Dickenson is the basis of my SAR membership.  Griffith was ordained as a Baptist minister in the same Greenfield Church on 10 June 1802, and served as minister there for 41 years until his death. (Ref; "History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Va." by Semple.)
 With the scanty evidence available, there seems to be a possibility that Samuel was related to John and Susan (Wood) Adams.  I ran into them several years ago, and have been running into them ever since; each time it seems to be a brand new ball game, with different children, ancestors, residences, and different Susanna(h)'s last name (if given), and different assumptions made by each compiler to tie it all together.
 Lowe, you will recal that this is how I first contacted you, merely pointing out that your lineage for John and Susanna (as published in "Adams Addenda") differed from another published lineage for them.  Your response was immediate, thorough, and reflected the careful research you had done and the reasons why you believed your version to be correct.  I agree and feel you have almost proved their lineage, at least down to 3 May 1762, the last of their land deed records in Lunenburg (later Mecklenburg) Co., Va.
 I was beginning to suspect that there were two or more John and Susanna Adams in Southern Va. and in N. C. about the same time, and that genealogists working in the period subsequent to May 1762 were confusing them.
 The Mr. Sims entered the picture.  Don't know how he heard of me, but he wrote, welcoming me aboard the hunt for Adamses, and enclosed two typewritten pages of Adams info (much of which I did not have, and offering to send more if I were interested -- I said yes).  In that first letter he included John and Susanna's lineage, which again differed from Lowe's, which I brought to both of your attention.
 Sims whole family seems to have done a lot of library research on Adamses.  At present, they are using 3 tape recorders to catalogue all the cemeteries in his county in Ohio, as part of a family project to write a history of that county.  Later I received from him a "chain letter" of 27 typewritten pages, asking that I add something to it, and that I send it to you, Lowe (enclosed).  I've told Sims that until I can analyze it and chart the info, I wouldn't know what to add, and that I've merely xeroxed it, sent it to Lowe, and will do better on the next chain letter.  He understands and agrees.
 I feel he is filling a valid genealogical function.  The accuracy of his info is probably no better nor worse than my own charts.  Lowe, if I receive another of his chain letters, do you want to receive it?  This may sound an odd question to you others: Sim's grammar is terrible, as are his spelling and typing.
 My next two meetings with John and Susanna were both in the same issue, Vol. 3, No. 1 (Spring), 1973 of "Adams Addenda."  Both these lineages differ with each other and with lowe's.
 The first was a 14-page compilation done in 1937 by a professional genealogist, Mr. H. C. Roberson.  His info was extremely difficult to chart, because he started with descendants, worked backward in time, then sideways, etc., at each turn making a new, and almost concealed, "assumption".  It is statistically improbable that ALL of his assumptions are correct.  The only thing he has proved to me is that different compilers come up with different lineages becasue of the different assumptions they use.
 Although he does not say so, I interpret Roberson's last paragraph as suggesting that Susanna's last name might have ben Clemons.  He used records only of Isle of Wight, Prince George, Brunswick, and Lunenburg Co.'s, Va., Surry and Wilkes Co.'s, N. C., and Pulaski and Laurel Co.'s, Ky.
 Lowe, you and Roberson differ on one point of possible significance. (see p. 11, Adams Addenda").  With reference to John and Susanna's May 3, 1762 land deed (100 acres to Cary), he writes:
 "Incidentally, Susannah, his wife does not appear as relinquishing her dower in the last conveyance, hence it seems probable that she was then deceased."  Lowe, in your letter of May 4, 1973 wrote about the same conveyance: "May 3, 1762 was the sast (deed) I have and Susanna did sign this deed to Robert Cary for 100 acres."
 The significance lies in the fact that if she were dead in 1762, there MUST have been 2 different Johns and Susannas in the same area about the same time, becasue John and Susanna (Wood) Adams had children born after 1762.
 Having sold their entire Lunenburg (later Mecklenburg) tract, it is logical that John and Susanna (if living) went elsewhere.  At this point, all compilers are forced to make an assumption.  The next time each of them runs onto a record of a John and Susan, he assumes they are the ones from Lunenburg.
 Lowe, I believe you acknowledge that you did this with the John and Susanna Adams "Of North Carolina", who, in 1784 bought 841 11/2 acres in Halifax Co., Va.  You also stated from the first that you had no proof.
 Roberson's assumption at this same point is a double or triple one, difficult to define, involving two of John and Susanna's sons (one of whom is very questionable as being their son), and the local geography (the latter merely proving that Va. is not far from N. C.  He no longer deals with John and susanna, leaving them in limbo.
 The 2nd lineage in Adams Addenda (p. 21), was submitted from N. C. in 1936.  It traces him (without references and without identifying any assumptions made) back to John Adams of Wales, and down to different children.
 The Adams Addenda to which I refer is a quarterly publication devoted exclusively to Adamses.  Lowe and I subscribe.  In addition to publishing items (lineages, requests for assistance, Bible records, etc.) submitted by subscribers, it publishes portions of the 1300 feet of microfilm records on Adamses accumulated by James Truslow Adams of Wise Co., Vs., during the period from about 1920-1950.  The 2nd lineage immediately above was submitted to him in 1936.  If any of you are interested, they are:
"Adams Addenda", 7530 Westmoreland Ave., St. Louis, Mo. -- $5/year. (zip 63105)
 Madalene, you have again (Oct. 16, 1972 and April 9, 1973) written to the effect that Wilson Vaden in 1811 was named Administrator of the estate of Elizabeth VADEN (my underline).  Again, I assume you meant Elizabeth ADAMS.  (Just the hint that she might be known to have been Elizabeth (Vaden) Adams raises goose bumples on me!)  Or, am I mixed up in some way?
 Lowe, thank you for your letter of April 16th (clearing my confusion on some of the info you had previously sent me), and of May 4th with your impressions of Roberson's compilation.
 Bob K., thanks for your letter of April 24th.  Lowe had sent me the same infor, clearly indicating it as merely "possible."  When I waw the same ifo from you, I did not relate them as being the same info.  Anyway, we now know your "most pressing" Adams problem, and I hope we will all keep it in mind (as we will Lowe's) as we go about our business.  When will your book on the Adamses of Pitt., Halifax, and Charlotte Counties be published, and how can I buy a copy?
 In wondering whether Samuel's parents might have been legally separated, divorced, or possibly one just deserted the other, it struck me as odd to realize that I have never seen a record of a separation or divorce in those days.  Have any of you?
 Back about 1925-30 I believe the Vadens thought Samuel's mother was related to Burwell Vaden's wife and that the latter may have been a Wilson.  Any newer info or impressions in this respect?
 One of my correspondents, Mrs. H. N. Moore, President of the Tennessee Genealogical Society, has just sent me the lineage of Susanna Shelton (who m. my ancestor, Griffith Dickenson).  Susanna was dau. of Crispen Shelton, and grandau. of Ralph Shelton who immigrated ca 1702 to Middlesex Co., Va.  I can copy for anyone interested.  The info seems to be well documented and substantiated.
 So!  Where do we stand?  We are in the same position as the hunter who has been out for 2 hours and hasn't seen a rabbit yet.  He could jump one in the next 30 feet.  If he quits and goes home, he is certain not to jump one.
 I shall contunue my corresponding and charting of all Adams info I recive.  It is a lot more than just charting the info; I also maintain 2 indices, one for the first names of male and female (including female spouses'), and the other for non-Adams spouses' last names.  Also, I ANALYZE the info; I go through the index, pick out a name, compare all the charts for that name, and often find I can combine two charts into one.  One small item of new info can tie one set of charts directly to another.  I really have 2 completely different sets of charts and indices.  One, using chart numbers 1000, 2000, 3000, etc. for each original Adams immigrant, and each's descendants having chart numbers within that thousand range.  The other charts are for Adamses whose immigrant ancestor is, as yet, unknown to me.  The numbers on these charts are merely in ascending order, but never greater than 999.  When I chart a new, long lineage, I might assign chart number 227-1-1 to the earliest one, and put all the charts for that lineage in the 227- series.  It is all done in pencil, and when I later tie the 227 - series to the other immigrant file, all I have to do is insert the proper thousand number before the 227, such as 4000-227-1-16, and update my indices.  A lot of pieces are now in this jig-saw puzzle, -- maybe 30,000 pieces.  Sounds like a lot, until I remind myself that the gigantic puzzle might well contain 100 million pieces.  My deadline for submission to the publisher is noon, 14 June 3245 A. D.
 Oh yes!  The record we are looking for could turn out to be a McAdam one.  It is for this reason that I also chart them, but so far only have a dozen charts for them.  Madalene and Bob V., I assume that you are aware that one of the family traditions is that two brothers, one, Samuel's unknown father, and the other named John mcAdam, emigrated to Mass., stayed there for a while, changed names to Adams, and somehow ended up in Miss. Terr.
 Again, I thank you all for your interest and efforts.  Copies of all your letters to me, enclosed to each of the others.
     Happy Hunting!

    (signed) Gordon S. Adams
    July 9, 1973

Dear Gordon,
 Your Adams data came today and I am reading it with interest.  Your comment that you are a Shelton descendant came as a surprise as I also descent from that family and have an interest in collecting Shelton data.  That would make us distant cousins, as my connection is as follows:
   Ralph Shelton
|    |  |
Crispin  <- brothers ->  Daniel
Shelton     Shelton
|     |
Susannah  m. Griffith    Sally   m.  Thom
Shelton          Dickensen   Shelton Paine c. 18**
    Leroy Payne  b. 1849
    Amanda Jane Payne (1834-1907)
    Eliza Ann Richardson (1863-1948) - Isaac James ***
    Edna J. Yeaman (188*-1972) - Eugene Adams
    Blanche Adams

As you see my gr.-gr.-gr.-gr.-gr.-grandfather was Daniel Shelton, a brother to your ancestor Crispin Shelton.

{missing a line} see your Shelton data and also wonder if you could supply me with an account of exactly how you descend from Crispin Shelton.  Last fall I came across various books which enabled me to put together the enclosed sheet.   (Could I please ask you to return it at your convenience as it is my only copy and I am not situated near a good Xerox machine.)  I do not claim to know much about the Sheltons but do know that the lineage I offer (particularly generations #129, #130) may well disagree with what you have.  hence that is why I am interested in the well-documented data you mentioned.
 I have little new Adams data as most of my very recent efforts have been to collect up descendants - but do have a few points to offer:  I spoke with {missing some text}

Mrs. Madalene Fitzgerald last {missing some text}

up with a few possibly significant "coincidences".  She gave me the data that in "Virginia Wills Before 1799" there is a will for Mary Reeves of Prince William Co., Va dated 2 Apr. 1781 naming "son George Adams and niece Margaret Chapman."  Since your Samual Adams had a daughter "Mary Reeves Adams" we were both struck that there might be something important herin as I gave her the following:
 I had traced all early George Adamses in Pittsylvania Co. and found them descended from one Sylvester Adams (d. 1785) of Fairfax Co. (who moved to Pittsylvania Co.).  Now Fairfax is very close (or by) Prince William Co. and in the enclosed 3 pages of info I wrote on Sylvester Adams you will see connections of the Adams family to the Wilsons (and even the Sheltons).  I submit all for your analysis and conclusions.  In all, it leads me to wonder if your
{missing some text}
"Sylvester Adams group" as a grandson or great-grandson thru some yet-to-be-discovered connection?  What do you think?
 I must close now as it is 2:00 AM - but did want to answer promptly as some of what I have said will be of interest.

     Bob King

P. S.  Could you please return the 3 sheets on Sylvester Adams along with the Shelton data when you finish with them?  Thanks.
       Brookneal, Va.,
       July 10, 1973.

Dear Gordon:

 Thank you for your letter which I have enjoyed but although I appreciate the offer, do not need more of the Sims material since it does not seem to be in any way connected with my lines.  In fact, during my years of work on the Adams and several directly connected families, there has been a large accumulation of practically useless material.  Most of my success in tracing descendents of John and Eleanor Adams of Halifax County, Va., has resulted from Adams Addenda.

 Looking at John and Susan Wood Adams again:  although it looks like they sold last in Lunenburg Co., in Va. and perhaps then moved to N.C., this could not be quite true and may have in fact been later in the part of Lun. Co. cut off for Mecklenburg.  I have done no work there but intend to do so.  Of course they did live for some time in N.C. due to the fact that John of N.C. did buy 841 1/2 a. in Hal. in 1780's and due to deed records of John and Susanna, same naming sons and daughters, such as ,"John selling 100 a. in late 1700's, where my son William is now living," and also use of his wife's name Susan and Susanna for a daughter and numbers of grandchildren and later descendents would be sufficient proof for me to substantiate the fact that they were one and the same.

 There still could have been another John Adams in the County of Lunenburg with a wife named Susanna, but I do not so far have the necessary proof to be sure of this.  I am still of the opinion that a thorough look at records of the adjoining N.C.  counties during the period between 1760 to 1785-90 might give all this proof.  Included are several maps showing N.C. counties during the time in question which you could use if someone could do this work for you.

 To date I have been able to definately prove that John Adams d. 1769 in Hal. Co., Va. was a son of John and Elizabeth Adams of Fairfax Co., Va., where John d. in 1751.  It looks like this was the same John who m. Elizabeth Johns of King William Co., Va. and also the same as the John Jr. son of John Adams who moved with his father from Northumberland Co. to Stafford Co. about 1702-3.  More research needs to be done.  It would also appear that Gabriel Adams was a brother of John d. Fairfax Co. in 1751 and this would cause you to be of the same general Adams line if your ancestor Samuel was a descendant of Gabriel through John and Susan Wood Adams.

 There is really nothing new to report so will close with best wishes to you, family, and the hope you will soon find the answer to your problem,
    (signed) Lowe
       July 16, 1973.
Robert E. King

Dear "Cousin" Bob K., Madalene, Lowe, and Bob V.,

 It was most delightful to learn that we are cousins and descended from Adam and Eve!  I had heard before of lineages being traced back to Adam and Eve, although only in the context of their being "ridiculous."  I therefore assume that you sent me this one with "tongue-in-cheek."
 (My hunt-and-peck seems worse than usual at the moment.)  Incidentally, this letter is just to you, since the others are not concerned with Sheltons.
 I received the following letter from Mrs. H. N. Moore, 21 S. Yates, Memphis, Tenn. 38117 (I had previously inserted a "Query" in "The Colonial Genealogist," to which I subscribe, on Shelton, and she had written asking me to define my Shelton lineage, which I did.  This letter, dated Jun 14, ____

(1)  "On Oct. 10, 1702 Tho. Meriweather (Essex Co., Va.), son of Nicholas who was in Va. by 1653, received a certificate for the importation of seven persons into this colony:  Sarah Eaton, Richard Cullen, RLPH SHELDON, (illegible), Mary Millner, Isaac Bayly, & Edward Cartwright.
 In 1708, signing as RALPH SHELTEON, apparently the same Ralph, witnessed the will of Tho. Meriweather, of which he was beneficiary:  "I give unto Ralph SHELTON and his heirs forever the 65 a. of land granted to me by Patent joyning the land of Rice Jones, John Labus (?), and the land formerly belonging to Cpr. Edw. Tomas."

(2)  On 2 May 1706, Tho. had received 65 a. adj. that of Jones' orphans, by the Dragon Swamp ride (sic) in the point of an old field just below the mouth of a great branch -- NE by rd (sic) Jones land -- John Massas' (?) line -- to the main run of the Dragon Swamp -- formerly granted to Ed. Thomas by patent.

(3)  This land was on the Essex-Middlesex line.
 c. 1707, Ralph married Mary.  The births of all but the first 3 children are recorded in Christ Church Parish Reg.
 His will, badly damaged and only partly legible, --"son RALPH, my land" -- "--- abeth Davis 25 sh. to buy he------" - "Ralph Shelton cow & calf" - "son Thomas to take care of my children" - "if he dies my other two sons Ralph & Crispen have care.  Wife Mary & son Thomas are executors.  Wit:  Wm Buford, Tho. Clarke, Henry Buford & Abraham -------.  Estate appraised by Tho. Buford, John Jones, John Clark, & Garrit Daniel.
 Mary later married a Clark and left will in Amelia Co. dated 30 June 1750.
 It is said that both wives of Crispen were named Lettice of Lottice (?).  Proof of 2nd wife by 1746 is in Amelia DB 2, p. 140 (of 324?)
 There are numerous deeds, etc. for Crispen and much I would like to discuss with you, but am pressed for time right now and don't have time to copy.  This will get you started, anyway.  Please excuse this, but if I wait to retype (her letter is in pencil) you may never get it.  Am currently president of Tenn. Genealogical Society which takes up a lot of my time.  Also preparing for trip abroad in fall.
 A word of warning.  Should you come across a book on Sheltons by a Mrs. Whitaker -- DON'T READ IT!  Errors are numerous and will only confuse you.  Took me years to get it out of my mind.
 There appear to be 4 separate Shelton groups in Pittsylvania.  The Ralph of Midllsex descendants in the North, descendants of Peter of Middlesex in the part that became Henry and Patrick Co.'s, my Wm, designated as Wm. of Dan, seems to have been in the SE corner, and Tho., Mark, & Charles in the same area.  This last group often appears as Chelton.  Ancestry of last two groups is unknown, but they don't fit in with the others.  I believe there was a connection between Ralph & Peter, but nothing has been found.  Sincerely, Betty Moore."
 End of Mrs. Moore's letter to me.  Included were two Family Group sheets, one for Ralph, the other for his son, Crispen, which I have extracted onto my own forms and are enclosed.  The info on the enclosed charts which is in BLACK ink was transcribed from Mrs. Moore's charts.  RED ink entries is additional info I have added from my own Shelton Charts.  Also, my Shelton ancestry is outlined in red felt marker pen.
 Therefore, my lineage is as folows:
 Ralph Shelton, Immigrant ca 1702
 Crispen Shelton, b. 1 Apr 1713, wife Lettice ------
 Susannah Shelton, born (est.) 1760, marrried Corp. Griffith Dickenson who was born 8 Aug. 1756, (son of Griffith Dickenson and one of his two wives, the first unknown, the 2nd being Mary Huff.)
 Crispen Dickenson, born 1787, died 1832, married (when?) Christiana Berger; they had
 Capt. David Vincent Dickenson, born 1829, died 10 Oct. 1885/86, married 19 Feb. 1830/31, died 14 Aug. 1905.  They had
 Christiana (Jenny) Wade Dickenson, born 6 Jan 1856, Chatham, Va., died 18 Dec. 1910/11, Red Oak, Charlotte Co., Va, married 28 Oct. 1873, Samuel Chapman (Chaplin?) Adams, who was born 14 March 1853, died 23 Nov. 1926.  They had
 Berkley Dickenson Adams, born 2 Jan. 1875, Galveston, Pittsylvania Co., Va., died 10 Nov. 1945, Red Oak, Va., married (1) Marie Angelina Pruneau on 11 Oct. 1897, Albemarle Co., Va.  They had 7 children; (2) My mother, on 22 Jan. 1917, Englewood, N.J., Beatrice Nan Sackett, born 16 April 1890, Edgewater, N.J.; they had 3 children, including Gordon Sackett Adams, born May 15, 1922, Richmond, Va.

 It just occurs to me that we might have other mutual ancestors.  I therefore enclose a line chart of all I've been able to uncover on my father's side (same typ chart on mother's side is 17 feet long and looks like spagetti --cooked).

 I have not yet had time to compare either your or Mrs. Moore's Shelton info with that on the enclosed 81 Shelton charts I made several years ago, which have no bearing on my direct lineage, although I am probably related to the Sheltons on most of those charts.  You seemed interested in the Shelton lineages, and I am sending these charts for whatever you may want to do with them, including publication.  They are my originals; I don't have a copy, and DO want them returned, hopefully within a month.  Also, I've not yet compared your Shelton info vs. Mrs. Moore's.
 I have made copies of the info you sent me, and am returning them herewith.
 Back to your letter.  Yes, as you suggest (having just made the comparison, your and Mrs. Moore's info differ, starting with her Ralph (as an immigrant), whereas you show him as born Va.  You may wish to correspond directly with her and compare proofs and assumptions.  If so, I'd greatly appreciate you sending me a copy (carbon is O.K.)
 The "significant coincidences which you and Madalene Fitzgerald discussed, and which you wrote about, are just that, and are very interesting!  In addition to Mary REEVES Adams, did you two note the "son George Adams, and niece Margaret CHAPMAN?"  From the lineage chart enclosed (my line chart) you will note that my grandfather was Samuel CHAOMAN Adams.  We've never known where the CHAPMAN came from, and some have even said they thought he was Samuel Chaplin Adams.

 This was to have been a private letter to you.  Now, I realize that we are back into Adamses, Reeves, Chapmans, and other Sheltons, Wilsons, etc. in which "The Team" could well be vitally interested.  This letter, then, will also be sent to them.
 You will note that Mrs. Moore felt there was a connection between Ralph and Peter Shelton, "but nothing has been found."  It seems to boil down to a simple question:  What have YOU found from which you can conclude that Ralph was Peter's son?  I realize, of course, that you may well be merely relying on info published by someone else, who may or may not now be available to answer that same question to you.

 Since this letter is now to the team, I'll discuss what correspondence I've received, to date, from the others.

 Lowe, I respect your lack of interest in future chain letters from Sims.  I shall continue receiving what he sends, but shall use it with great caution; he has cited "Virkius" as one of his primary sources.  I had never heard of that until very recently (past 2 weeks) when I read an article.  The author wrote that in reading some info sent her, she found she had suddenly stumbled on the answer to her lineage problem on which she had worked for years, and immediately looked for the reference given for that info, and, finding it to be Virkius, threw it out as worthless.
 Your evidence (previously unknown to me) supporting your conclusion that John & Susanna Adams "from N.C." were the same as those earlier in Lunenburg is excellent; now I feel I can accept, without reservation, your complete lineage for them.  Needless to say, I am still curious about and shall continue to be interested in any OTHER John and Susanna Adams.  Yes, I agree that work needs to be done on N.C. counties, possibly also on Charlotte and Mecklenburg Counties.  Thanks for the N.C. maps; they will be helpful.  You suggested several months ago that I might wish to contact Mrs. Charlene Morava, Anchorage, Alaska on John & Susanna (Wood) Adams.  You gave no street address; I wrote her, but the letter was returned as undeliverable (without a street address.)  Do you know her street address?

 About Aug. 1st, I shall be submitting (free) queries for publication in the next issues of "The Colonial Genealogist" and "Adams Addenda."  I'm sure I can cook up such queries, but if any of you can think of something VERY significant, I'll be happy to submit it instead of one of my own drafting.
 I seem to have run out of steam; my immediate objective is to look into my charts, using the clues that you, BOB K. have raised in discussion with Madalene.  Also, I am way behind on charting info already received, and needs to be fitted into my giant chart jig-saw puzzle.  Lowe, and Bob K., as I wade through that material, I'll keep your Adams problems in mind.  Also, I'm going thru everything I have (books, etc) to see what I can find on Reeves and Chapman.  I'd better get busy.

 I suggest we all write on 8 1/2" x 11", to save reproduction costs.

    (signed) Gordon S. Adams
Mrs. Madalene V. Fitzgerald   Gordon S. Adams

     17 June, 1986

Dear  Madalene,

I am about ready to publish (for family use only) my family tree.  It will consist of the following sections:

  I.  The verbal family tradition about the origin of Samuel Adams (B. 1800), including its sources to me, the things I find wrong with it, and the fact that I believe it was concocted.

  II.  My own version of Samuel's origin, unproved, strongly supported by available records, and certainly more believable than the verbal family tradition.

  III.  Family tree charts;
 A.  Descendants of Samuel Adams and his wife, Tamsen Ann Dix.
 B.  Tamsen's ancestral lines.
 C.  Pertinent VADEN lines.

Before proceeding with this publication, I wanted you to know that my version of Samuel's origin will, I believe, practically destroy the verbal family tradition.  At this time, I thought you might wish to tell me something other than the verbal tradition;  If you know of such matters, it is very possible that you are the only living person who does.

Dr. Robert E. King already has III above.  Because he has no ADAMS line to which he can tie Samuel, he has indicated that he would probably use my line as an appendix to his book, "The Adams of Pittsylvania, Halifax, and Charlotte Counties, Virginia."

I plan to provide Dr. King with Sections I and II above, for use as he sees fit.

    (signed) Gordon S. Adams
Lt. Col. Gordon S. Adams (USAF, ret.)
     July 28, 1986

Dear  Gordon,
 It is not at all difficult for me to accept Version I of Samuel Adams' origin as outlined in your letter.  Court records show that the Adams & Vaden familes came to Pittsylvania Co. in the mid 1700's & held adjoining land grants on White Oak Mtn.  Burwell Vaden was named as an executor of Robert Adams' Will.
 In my file I have a record that on Sept 23, 181* Larkin Adams & wife Nancy of Montgomery Co., KY deeded land in Pitts. Co., Va to Wilson Vaden.  This indicates that the two families kept in touch as they moved south & west avter the Rev. War.  When an epidemic of typhoid fever swept through Miss. leaving Samuel Adams an orphan it is certainly plausible that family friends would bring him back with them to live.
 In the Will of Martha (Patsy) Hendrick Diz she appointed her son-in-law, Samuel Adams, executor, whowing the esteem in which he was held.
 I trust that in your history you will not overlook the qualities that made Samuel Adams loved, respected & trusted - I prize the original 8 x 10 in. tin-type of my father's brother who bore this name - Samuel Adams Vaden (d. 1877).  I would like to know when your book comes off the press & price {remaining lines missing}
Enumerator:  Durel Porter
Supervisor's Dist. #2
Enumeration Dist. #166

48 398 901 ADAMS, SAMUEL W  M  80*  widowed  FARMER  Note 1, 3  -  VIRGINIA  Va.  Va.  28 June 1880
 IRBY, ANN W  F  48  daughter  widowed  Housekeeper  VIRGINIA  Va.  Va.
 RHODA (?) HAVA (?) W  F  18  granddaughter  single  none  Note 2,4  VIRGINIA  Va.  Va.
 MOLLIE  W  F  16  granddaughter  single  at home  Note 4  VIRGINIA  Va.  Va.
*age prior to June 1st
1.  Sick or temporarily disabled on enumeration day;  sickness or disability not defined.
2.  First name illegible on enlarged copy sent by GSA
3.  Samuel's (only) wife shown on 1850 U.S. Census as TAMISON K. (Ann?) (DIX) ADAMS
4.  Samuel's 2 granddaughters are not shown as having attended school (ages 18, 16) in Census year.

Transcribed by Glen Shelton