A new version of this manuscript has been checked for sources used by Mr. Stevenson and a number of typos have been found.  This has
also been verified for typos in this new typing. This verified manuscript was typed into and edited on the computer. By verified I mean every footnote has been
checked in the source given by Mr. Stevenson and some errors were found in this way




RALPH SHELTON, OF MIDDLESEX COUNTY, VIRGINIA
AND SOME OF HIS DESCENDANTS

An Account by his great-5-grandson, Kenyon Stevenson (deceased), Hudson, Ohio, 1953

1.The Setting

Less than fifty years from the day that the first white man set foot on Virginia soil, the banks of its tidewater rivers were teeming with Englishmen. The original shires proved inadequate for popular government by the swarming settlers. Charles River County, renamedYork in 1643, was cropped of its northern regions to form Northumberlandand Lancaster.

Then in 1656 the lands on both sides of the upper tidewater and freshes of the Rappahannock River were removed to form Lancaster and erected into a new county called Rappahannock. Lancaster itself was only four years old. Sixteen years later, Lancaster was divided again,this time the portion south of the Rappahannock River being set up as Middlesex County. Rappahannock County, too, was split and abolished; in 1692, after only 36 years its area north of the river became Richmond and that south Essex.

Essex County, dating from 1692, and Middlesex, from1672, have kept their original boundaries to the present day, save for the upper end of Essex which went to help form Caroline in 1727. Coincidentin extent with Essex County was South Farnham Parish and with Middlesex County was Christ Church Parish. Both counties fronted on the Rappahannock River, their backs being to the Piankatank River which for 30 miles and more flowed then, as now, through the forbidding-sounding Dragon Swamp,to empty into the estuary that splits the northeast corner of the Rapahannock-Yorkpeninsula. Back of Middlesex and Essex lay other fragments of old York-- Gloucester and King and Queen Counties, with few trails to cross theDragon Swamp, even as today.  But between Essex and Middlesex there were no barriers. From the beginning there was free social, mercantileand political interchange.

During the second half of the 17th century, the peninsulas filled up more and more rapidly with English planters. They were usually men of means who received large land grants for bringing themselves, their families and other immigrants to the colony. An immigrant, or headright,in these years was worth 50 acres of land. The importer not only acquired the land but usually also the services of each headright he brought in, for a term of years as an indentured servant, in return for the passage money that had been advanced and for his board and keep during his service.

2. The First Sheltons

The earliest Sheltons to arrive in Virginia probably came as indentured servants. In the land patent records, all Sheltons are listed as headrights, and none received a grant of land. Nugent's Cavaliers and Pioneers shows the following:

1638, May 12 - Fr. Shelton, headright of John Fludd, Gent., granted 2100 acres in James City County for importing 42 persons."Fr." was a usual abbreviation for Francis.

1638, Feb. 20 - Rich. Shelton, headright of Nicholas George and John Grymsditch, granted 300 acres in Isle of Wight County for importing 6 persons.

1654, June 6 - Fra. Shelton, headright of Vallentine Patten, granted 1,000 acres in Westmoreland County for importing 20 persons. Six months later Robert Hubard received a grant for 1600 acres in Westmoreland for 32 headrights, twenty of whom were identical with those on Patten'slist, including Fra. Shelton. It has been suggested that "Fra." is not an abbreviation of Francis, but a misreading of "Tho.", or Thomas.

Ralph Shelton - Page 2
 
1658, June 5 - Tho. Shelton, headright of Edward Williams, who was granted 500 acres in Potomock freshes above Puscatoway (Westmoreland County) for importing 10 persons.
 
1658, Nov.24 - Symon Shelton, headright of Thomas Lullaman, who was granted 400 acres in Patomock freshes upon Yosococoemocoe Creek (Westmoreland County), for importing 8 persons.
 
1665, Nov.9 - Tho. Shelton, headright of Mr. Wm. Crump, Mr. Charles Edmonds and Mr.Robt. Whitehaire, who were granted 2700 acres in New Kent County for importing 54 persons.
 
Closely similar to the name Shelton and sometimes interchanged with it are the names Sheldon, Skelton, Cheton, Chelton, Chilton and Charlton. One author thinks that even Melton and Whetson are misreadings of Shelton. Immigration   authorities, county officials, keepers of other early records and evengenealogists and members of the families concerned appear to have been in different in spelling these several names and often confused over kinships. From Nugent, we list some of the early settlers with these latter names:
1635 - Thomas Melton, headright of Capt. Adam Thorowgood.
1638 - Thomas Melton had 200 acre grant, lower Norfolk, wife Hannah.
1642 - Marke Chetson, headright of Daniel Lewellyn, Gent., Henrico.
1663 - John Whetson had 140 acre grant on Potomocke, Northumberland.
1663 - John Whetson had 1000 acre grant on Nomeny R., Westmoreland.
1665 - Augustine Hull & John Wilson. s grant nigh to Nomany adjoins Mr. John Wiston,Westmoreland.
1666 - Mr. John Whetstone had 250 acre grant on Nomany Bay, Westm. d.
1664 - James Sheldon, headright of Capt. John Savadge, Northampton.
1664 - Wm .Sheldon, headright of Charles Ratcliffe, Accomack.
1650 - Stephen Chilton, headright of Anthony Fuljam, N. side Rappa.
1660 - Wm. Chilturne, headright of John Williams, Northhampton.
1637 - Stephen Charlton had 200-acre patent in Accomack.
1638 - Henry Charlton. s land cited in Henry Williams. s patent, Accom.
1641 - Stephen Charleton had 500 acre patent in Accomacke.
1644 - Mrs.   Bridgett Charleton had 500 acres from Edwyn Connaway of Northhampton for use of her son John Severne, under 18.
1648 - Stephen Charlton had 1000-acre grant in Accomack.
1650 - Stephen Charlton had 1000-acre grant in Northhampton.
1653 - Stephen Charlton had 1700-acre grant in Northhampton.
1658 - Wm.  Charlton, headright, headright of Mr. John Ellis, Westm. d.
1663 - Wm. Charlton & Francis Overton had 410-acre grant in Rappa.
1662 - Wm .Charlton, headright of Thos. & Anthony Stephens, Rappa.
1663 - Xtopher Charlton, headright of John Maddison, Rappahannock.
1666 - Norton Charlton, Headright of Capt. Joseph Bridger, Isle Wight.
 
From other sources we list additional early references:
1653, March 7 - In Surry County, Thomas Gray senr. Aged 60 deposeth that Daniel Seltonin the time of his sickness not long before his departure did bequeath his whole estate to Rebecka his wife verbally.1
1659 - Edward Skelton proved his age in Surry County court.2
1659 - John Skelton gave bond in Surry re Prudence Kindred.2
676 - John Skelton in Surry County court asked pardon for his participation in Bacon.s Rebellion. 2
1662 - Oct.24 - John Shelton in York County ordered to serve his master . one whole year. after the expiration of his Indentures according to Act of Assembly. for using threatening speeches to his master Thomas Morley and striking his overseer his master. s son William.3
______________________________________
Notes:
1 - Surry Deed Book 1, page 41.
2 - W &M Qy 2nd ser. Vol 9, page 211.
3 - Tylers QyVol. 1, page 273.
Ralph Shelton - Page 3
 
1673 - Robert Shilston died Nov. 13, 1673, in York County.4
1680, Feb. 25 - John Shelton, born, son of William and Isabell Shelton, baptised soon after, in Gloucester County.5
1686 . Joseph Sheldon buried Feb. 5, 1686, York County.4
In the 1690. s, a William Sheldon appeared in York County. On Dec. 10, 1698 he was licensed in Elizabeth City County to marry Hannah Armstead, daughter of Colonel Anthony Armistead. ThisWilliam seems to have been related to Gilbert Sheldon, only son and heir of Daniel Sheldon, . Late of London esq. Dec. d,. by whom a Power of Attorney was issued Dec. 7, 1715 to . William Sheldon of York County in Virginiain partes beyond the seas.. William and Hannah had no children.  After her death William married Katharine Nutting, daughter of Captain Thomas Nutting of York County.  In the latter's 1717 will, he speaks of " my son-in-law Capt. Wm. Sheldon..  That Captain William Sheldon had no issue by either wife is clearly demonstrated by a provision of his will, proved in York County May 15, 1727, which made his nephew and ward William Sheldon Slater his chief heir, . the whole estate to remain in the name of Sheldon forever..   At no place in the records is William Sheldon. s name spelled Shelton, he had neither Sheldon nor Shelton sons, and there is no hint of any Shelton connections. 1
 
About 1660 in Westmoreland County, a John Chilton bought from John Gerrard a 900 acre tract on the west side of Currioman Bay.   This land had been patented in 1649 by Thomas Speake, a son-in-law of Dr. Thomas Gerrard and brother-in-law of John.   By his 1706 will, this John Chilton left his estate to his wife Jone Chilton, 3 daughters Sarah Chilton, Mary Sharp and Elizabeth Groves, 3 sons John, Thomas and William Chilton, and grandsons John, son of William Chilton, and John, son of John Chilton.  At the probate on Feb. 25, 1707, Henry Carter testified that he wrote the will at John Chilton' s direction, but that John did not sign it because there were no persons present to witness it while he was still sensible.   In short this was a deathbed will, drawn in Chilton' s home near Currioman Bay on Nov. 15, 1706.  While the spelling of the name of some of John' s descendants was changed to Shelton, at no place in the records has either John' s name or that of his children been found as Shelton.1
Closer tothe Essex-Middlesex region, the earliest of the Sheltons recorded are these:
 
William Shelton, who on Nov. 7, 1684, in Rappahannock County suit against Mrs. Honoria Jones, administratrix of George Jones dec, was granted delay until next North Side court, at request of Shelton' s attorney, Captain George Taylor.2
 
Thomas Shelton, who on March 4, 1685/6, in a Rappahannock County case against him by Colonel William Lloyd, was granted delay until next North Side Court.2Reference to North Side Court. suggests that these two Sheltons lived north of the Rappahannock in the Richmond County area, rather than in Essex.
 
In Middlesex County, a Peter Chilton married Susan Jaxon on March 2, 1685. This is the first notice of a man who appears in the records as Chilton, Chelton and Shelton over the next 30 years.  Three of his son' s births are recorded in the Christ Church Parish Register as Chilton, but his own name occurs in his 1718 will as Chilton, Chelton and Chellton. He signed his nameby mark, Peter Chellton.
 
___________________________________________
NOTES:
4 .Bell. s Charles Parish, page 246.
5 . Abingdon Parish Register, Vol. 1, page 4.
1 . Va. Mag. Vol. 20, pp. 91,288; Vol. 31. p. 75.  TylerVol. 2, p. 271; Vol. 6, p. 260. W&MQy Vol. ?, p. 95; Vol. 2, pp. 8,234; Vol. 5, pp. 11,57; Vol. 6, pp. 141-150;Vol. 1?, p. 253; 14-159.
1 . Eaton's Historical Atlas of Westmoreland Co., map 9;
Chilton's will, Wmd Deeds & Wills Vol. 4, pp. 122-124.
2 . Old Rappa Court Order Book 1, pages 75 and 210.
Ralph Shelton . Page 4
 
It has been assumed by some students of the family that Ralph Shelton of Middlesex was a son of this Peter, but there is no particle of evidence in either the Parish Register or the county records to suggest or confirm this inference.  Peter's will speaks of sons Peter (deceased), William, Thomas and Zebulon, andof no others.  A fifth son, Henry Chelton, so noted in the Register, had predeceased his father, aged about 26 and probably unmarried.1
A Middlesex contemporary of Peter Chelton was Thomas.  AsThomas Chilton with wife Margaret, he had a daughter Sarah baptised July 16, 1693.  Mary Chilton, baptised June 9, 1700, may be his daughter.  Thomas Chelton and wife Mary had daughter Anne baptised July 13, 1708, and son Thomas baptised Feb. 25, 1710.  Thomas died soon after this son birth, as his Inventory was entered in Middlesex Court May 1, 1711, by Mary Chilton administratrix.2
 
3.Our Middlesex Sheltons

A prominent early settler of Virginia was Nicholas Meriwether.   Born in Wales about 1631, he received the first of many Virginia land patents in 1653, when he was granted 600 acres in Northumberland County for importing 12 persons.  Other grants through the 1650' s and 1660' s ranged south as far as Surry County. Two of them were in the Essex-Middlesex area, Feb. 10, 1653, 400 acres in Lancaster County, on South side of Rappahannock River, about six miles up same; and Oct. 4, 1654, 600 acres in Rappahannock County, on South Side and in the Freshes of Rappahannock River opposite to Nanzemum Towne. The first obviously was in present Middlesex and the latter in Essex County. 3

Our  interest center in two of Nicholas' sons, Thomas and Francis.   Francis Meriwether married Mary Bathurst, daughter of Launcelot Bathurst, and had six children, of whom a daughter Jane, born about 1700, married James Skelton.  This James Skelton, sometimes appearing as James Shelton, lived in Hanover, Goochland and Amelia Counties, receiving a number of land grants in those counties in the 1730' s and 1740' s.  He died in 175* leaving five children:   Reuben,who on July 9, 1751, in Middlesex County married Elizabeth Lomax and left will in Goochland County, date May 15, 1759, dying childless (his widow married John Wales); Pahurst, who married Colonel Thomas Jones;  Meriwether ,who died unmarried in Hanover County in 1778; and Lucy, who married Robert Gilliam.1*  Any kinship to the Sheltons next to be presented has not been discovered.

Thomas Meriwether born about 1665, perhaps the oldest son of Nicholas, appeared in Essex County in the 1690' s.His first wife was Elizabeth Williamson, perhaps a closer relative of Edward Thomas whose 1699 will left 306 acres in South Farnham Parish to three sisters' Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Meriwether;  Katherine, wife of William Young and Frances, wife of Robert Ransome. Probably about 1706, Thomas married a second wife, Susannah.    She is claimed by some to have been Susannah Shelton, but this writer has found no evidence to support such an idea.  Thomas and Susannah had a daughter of whom his Jan. 7, 1708 will speaks thus:".my sd wife Susannah and my young daughter that now sucks my said wife who as yet is unbaptised". Christened Susannah, the daughter married John Armistead in the 1720' s and lived and died in Essex County.2*

______________________________________

NOTES:

1 -Middlesex Deeds 1 and 5, Wills 1713-1734, Order Books 11, 1*, 13, and 14, and Christ Church Parish Register.
2- Middlesex Wills 1698-1713 and C.C. Parish Regr.
3- Nugent, pages 252, 257, 290, 293, 309, 310, 312, 316, 326, 338, 340,341, 350, 352, 373, 377, 385, 394, 410, 421, 461, 497, 558, 566.
1*- W&M Qy 1st ser Vol. 8 page 98 and Vol. 12, page 60.

2*- Essex Co. Deeds & Wills Vol. 13 (1707-1711) pages 185-187.
 

Ralph Shelton . Page 5
 
On Oct. 10, 1702, Thomas Meriwether had recorded in the Essex Court OrderBook this entry:" Certificate according to Act of Assembly is granted to Tho. Meriwether for the importation of seven persons into this colony by name Sarah Eaton,  Richd Cullen, Ralph  Sheldon, (name illegible), Mary Millner, Isaac Bayly, Edw Cartwright."   This is the first appearance in the Virginia of Ralph Shelton of Middlesex County.  There is no indication of Ralph' s parentage or age, actual date of importation     or place from which he came. 2
This Ralph Shelton of Essex-Middlesex is not to be confused with the younger Ralph Shelton of King William County who married Mary Pollard.   They lived on opposite sides of the Dragon Swamp and were about 15 years apart in age.  This is established by a bond for 200 pounds in King William County dated Sept. 30, 1703, entered into by Joseph Bickley of King and Queen County with Major John Waller of King William to cover two years schooling for Ralph Shelton son of Mrs. Sarah Gissage, whom Bickley contemplated marrying soon.   Bickley had been bookkeeper to Sarah' s recently deceased husband.  Bickley also contracted to pay Ralph Shelton, on his reaching 21, a young working negro man, 3 cows with calves, four killable hogs, a sow and pigs, a horse ,a steer, and enumerated household equipment.  According to Ellis family records, this Ralph Shelton was born Sept. 25, 1698 in King and Queen County, a son of Sarah Shelton who married Richard C. Gissage, merchant from London who settled at Acquinton, St. Peters Parish, New Kent County.  Sponsors at the christening were Vincent Gage, Ralph Pea and Lydia Searcy.   Just why Ralph took his mother' s maiden name instead of his father' s surname is not explained, but he grew up to marry Mary Pollard, daughter of Robert Pollard of King William County, on Dec. 5, 1722, and had six children:  Elizabeth, born Aug. 16, 1724;  Mary, born Aug. 1, 1726;   Richard , born Aug. 14, 1728, married 1746 Mary Wright, left will in Amherst County dated   Nov. 3, 1814;  Jane, born May 22, 1730, married Henry and James Sandidge;  William,born Nov. 3, 1732; and John, born April 25, 1734.3
 
Back in Essex County, in 1708, six years after his importation Middlesex Ralph Shelton, signing his name Ralph Shelteon, was a witness to Thomas Meriwether' s will.  He was also a beneficiary of the will, which read:  "I give unto Ralph Shelton & his heires forever the Sixty five acres of Land Grantedto me by Patent joyning to the Land of Rice Jones, John Lohees (Toslees?) & the Land formerly belonging to Capt. Edward Thomas."  This 65-acre tract appears to be one granted to Meriwether on May 2, 1706, described in patent as follows:  " Sixty five  acres of Land part of a patent of four hundred and fifty acres in Essex formerly Rapp County bounded as follows (Vizt) beginning at a decayed walnut and a great mulberry tree marked by it (at the upper extent of a devident of Land belonging unto John Jones, orphan) standing by the Dragon swamp side in the point of an old field just below the mouth of a great branch and running thence North East by sd Jones. land . . . to a red Oake in John Masses' Line thence . . . to the main run of the Dragon swamp . . .sd Land formerly granted Edward Thomas Gent by patent dated 20thof Oct., 1691, and by him deserted and since granted sd Meriwether by order of the genll Court dated 25th of Oct., 1705.4
_______________________________
Notes:
2 -Essex Co. Deeds & Wills Vo. 10, (1699-1702) Page 133.
3 - Bickley' s bond in K. Wm. Record Book 1, pp. 207-208. Ellis Family Record filed at Institute of America Genealogy, Chicago, Illinois.
4 - Va. Land Office Patent Book 9 (1697-1706), page 727.
Ralph Shelton . Page 6
 
The will and patent descriptions place this land on the Essex-Middlesex boundary line.   This location is further indicated by a description of Middlesex County written April 14, 1700, which reads in part, . ." said County is bounded on the head with the lower part of the land of John Jones dec' d which runs up from Rappahannock River on the upper part of Cock' s Bay next above ye land of James Blaise and so crossing the Ridge along the land of Thomas Tosley including the same from the outline of Thomas Toseley' s land down a great Branch dividing the land of Edward Thomas dec' d and the land of Rice Jones dec' d, including the said Rice Jones dec' s Land to the dragon swamp.1
 
This land remained in the possession of Ralph Shelton' s family for sixty years. It appears that he lived on an adjoining tract in Middlesex the rest of his life.  An Oct. 10, 1727 entry in the Christ Church Vestry Book reads,  "Ordered that Mr. Garrot Daniel and Mr. Ralph Shelton procession every particular person' s Land between the Briery Swamp (From the Millstone Valley to the Dragon Swamp) and the upper End of the County, & from the main road to the Dragon  Swamp on the SouthSide of the main road."
 
Thirty-twoyears later, the Vestry Book of Aug. 7, 1759 notes, . Lewis Montague & Reuben Skilton ordered to procession . . . (area described identically as that processioned in 1727 by Ralph).. Finally on April 24, 1770, Archibald McCall of Essex County and Reuben Shelton of Middlesex County deeded to Henry Street of Essex all of a tract in the Counties of Middlesex and Essex containing 100 acres adjoining Lattaney Montague, the Dragon Swamp and land of Henry Street.2
 
Ralph Shelton married about 1707, either in Essex or Middlesex, a wife Mary, whose surname had been guessed to be Crispin.  Norecord of the marriage or suggestion of a maiden name has been discovered.  Births of the three oldest children :. Thomas, about 1707,  Ralph, about 1709, and Elisabeth, about 1711,  are not in the Christ Church Register, where all the others are recorded.  There were 11 children in all, as follows:
1. Thomas,born about 1707, married Mary Probert, Jan. 14, 1730.
2. Ralph,born about 1709, married Mary Daniel, June 10, 1731.
3. Elizabeth,born about 1711, married William Davis, Oct. 29, 17**.
4. Crispin, born April 1, 1713, married Letitia ____ about 1734.
5. Reuben, born Feb. 1, 1715, died Oct. 8, 1715.
6. Mary ,born Jan. 21, 1716, died July 18, 1719.
7. Catherine, born Jan. 26, 1719, married George Blakey Dec. 31, 17**.
8. John, born July 14, 1722.
9. Benjamin, born June 18, 1724.
10. James, born Feb. 23, 1726.
11. Daniel ,born May 17, 1729.
 
Ralph Shelton lived only four years after the birth of his Daniel.   His will, badly damaged in the old Middlesex Will Book, was dated March **, 1733.  Some of the provisions still ligible on the torn pages are:  "My Son Ralph Shelton should have my land . ..   .___zabeth Davis twenty five Shillings to buy her __.   ._____ Ralph Shelton one cow and calf..    .___m** son Thomas Shelton should take care of my children, and if in case y son Thomas should Die, my Desire is that my Children should be left to the ____ of my other two Sons, Ralph and Crispin..  .Appoint my Loving
 
______________________________________
NOTES:
1 -Va. Mag. Vol. 12, Page 285.
2 - Essex County Deed Book 30, page 359.
3 - Birth dates of three oldest children are estimated by the author.  Birthdates of other eight children and two death dates from Parish Register.   Four marriages are from Middlesex County marriage bonds.

 
Ralph Shelton . Page 7
Wife Mary Shelton and my son Thomas to (be executors of my) Last will and Testament."   The witnesses were William Buford, Thomas Clarke, Henry Buford and Abraham _____.1*
 
The will was presented in Court April 2, 1734 and proved by oaths of Henry Beauford and Thomas Clark.  Thomas Buford, John Jones, John Clark and Garrit Daniel were sworn to appraise the estate.  Inventory and appraisement were presented to the court on July 2, 1734.  After this there are no further entries in the Middlesex Court Orders or other county records regarding Ralph Shelton.  His widow, Mary, remarried to a Clark, perhaps Thomas or Peter,  and as Mary Clark made her will in Nottaway Parish of Amelia County on June 30, 1750. A Middlesex deed made Oct. 5, 1757 by Mary Clark and Peter Clark of County Middlesex to John Lamboth transfers 150 acres  beginning at a deep bottom between Edward Bristow and William Bristow' s line, thence along Elizabeth Smith' s line to main run of the Dragon Swamp & . 1
 
OnMarch 24, 1742, Ralph' s oldest son Thomas Shelton died in Middlesex leaving widow Mary and five small children.   Ten years later, on July 11, 1752, the Court ordered Thos. Clark, administrator of Thos. Shelton dec' d. to render an accounting of his administration of the estate at the next court.  At this July court, also, on motion of Reuben Shelton, orphan of Thomas, Lewis Montgue is appointed his guardian..  At the August 4, 1752 court, . on motion of Josiah Shelton, orphan of Thomas, Samuel Smith is appointed his guardian..   The Oct. 3rd court continued the order on Thos. Clark for an accounting until the next session.  Again onNov. 7th, . the case of Josiah, Mecajah and Thos., orphans of Thos. Shelton dec' d, Thos. Clark and Reuben Shelton, son and heir of said Thos. Shelton dec' d. was continued.  Finally, on June 5, 1753, Thos. Clark was ordered by the court to pay the guardian of the complainants 46 pounds 9 shillings 3 pence to be equally divided between them.2 The children of Thomas Shelton were:
 
1. Reuben Shelton, born May 6, 1733.
2. Josiah Shelton, born about 1735.
3.  Mary Shelton, born Feb. 21, 1737/8, died Aug. 8, 1742.
 4. Thomas Shelton, born May 2, 1740.
5.  Micajah Shelton, born June 20, 1742.3
 
As noted previously, Reuben Shelton appears to have remained on the family land until 1770,when he sold to Henry  Street.  No record of Micajah has been discovered after May 4, 1762, when with Middlesex court approval he chose Ambrose Jeffreys as his guardian.4
 
Josiah Shelton, we think, may have gone to Lunenburg County where the Cumberland Parish tithe lists of 1769 through 1776 show a Josiah Shelton.1   In 1782 Josiah Shelton was taxed in Charlotte County on 9 whites and 1 slave 2and in 1797 he left will in Halifax County, naming wife Elizabeth and 7others undoubtedly his children . Godfre Shelton, Absull** Shelton, Josiah Shelton, Anne Clemments (wife of Benjamin Clemments), Ruthey Murphey, Patsey Shelton and Elizabeth Shelton.3   Godfrey Shelton had been on the Lunenburg tithe list of 1776, indented under Josiah, indicating that he had just turned 18.4   Josiah Shelton (junior) married Fathy (Ruthy) Ford in Halifax on May 25, 1798. 5
 
______________________________
NOTES:
1* -Middlesex County Will Book (1734), pages 418-419.
  1 - Middlesex Deed Book 1754-67, part 1, page ___.
  2 - Middlesex Court references in this paragraph are from Order Book 15 pp. 424, 471,423, 441, and O.B. 16 pp. 12 and 61 in that order.
 3 - Christ Church Parish Register (except Josiah. s birth).
 4 - Middlesex  Court Order book 17 page 266.
 1 - Bell's Sunlight on the Southside page 284 ans ff.
 2 - First Federal Census of Virginia.
 3 - Halifax County Will Book 3, pages 361-2.
 4 - Bell's Sunlight on the Southside, page 382.
 5 - Halifax County Marriage Bonds.
Ralph Shelton . Page 8
 
It is possible that Thomas Shelton, born 1740, migrated to Brunswick County.   Byan Essex deed dated Nov. 16, 1771,  Thomas Shelton and wife Caty of Meherrin Parish, Brunswick County, sold to James Croxton 58 ¾ acres of land in Essex which came to them on the division of land formerly belonging to James Munday, dec. d.Caty (Katherine) was one of five children, the others being Mary, wife of James Croxton, Ursula, wife of John Boughan, Lucy Munday and Betty Munday. 7   In 1782 the only Shelton on the Brunswick tax list was Sil Shelton, but in  Greenville County, immediately to the east, Thomas Shelton is shown with a household of 11 whites.8    Silvanus Shelton died in Brunswick in 1783, with will that left his property to his sister Susanna Shelton, 3 brothers William, Daniel and Edward Shelton, and Elizabeth Redding.9   Also in Brunswick, Daniel Shelton married Charlotte Stainback March 16, 1795. 10
4 . The Sheltons move to Amelia

RalphShelton' s two older surviving sons, Ralph and Crispin, after marriage in Middlesex in the early 1730' s, apparently settled in Essex County.   In May 1740 Ralph Shelton presented a certificate to the Essex court for taking up a runaway slave Cheshire belonging to Mrs. Winifred Webb of Richmond, 1and in August 1742, the Essex court adjudged Sam, a negro boy belonging to Crispin Shelton, to be 10 years old.2

 Shortly thereafter these Sheltons turned toward Amelia County, nearly 100 miles west and south, created in 1734 from Brunswick and Prince George Counties.   Amelia at first also included the areas now in Prince Edward and Nottaway Counties.   On July 14, 1743, Mathew Smart of Prince George County sold Crispin Shelton of South Farnham Parish, Essex County, 620 acres on South Nottaway River in Amelia County.Two years later, on Sept. 20, 1745, Ralph Shelton received a royal grant of 400 acres in Amelia County, on the lower side of Snales Creek and North of Great Nottaway River.4

 It appears probable that with Ralph and Crispin and their families went their mother, Mary Clark, and the four younger sons, John, Benjamin, James and Daniel.   In  1745 John was 23, Benjamin 21, James 19 and Daniel **.

 Crispin sold two portions of his 620 acres in 1746 , 155 acres to Henry Bueford of Amelia and 203 acres to James Beuford of Orange County.5    The deeds place the land as lying  on the south side of Rocky Creek in the forks of Nottaway and recite that.  Letice his second wife. joined Crispin in the sale.  Ralph Shelton and Benjamin Shelton signed both deeds as witnesses.    Recalling that Henry Buford and William Buford were witnesses to the father Ralph's will in Middlesex in 1733, it is suggested that one or both of Crispin' s wives, Lettitia and Letice, may have been Buford.

On June 20,1749, Ralph Shelton had a second land grant , 400 acres in Lunenburg County, on the lower side of Ledbetters Creek.1   On Oct. 23, 1751, Ralph Shelton of the Parish of Nottaway bought 286 acres more on the lower side of Snales Creek from Samuel  Jordan.2   Snail Creek, on the modern map, is a small stream scarcely five miles long in the southeaast corner of Prince Edward County (created in 1753 from Amelia), emptying in the Great Nottaway where Prince Edward, Nottaway and Lunenburg meet.  The Great

________________________________

NOTES:

6 - Essex Co. Deed Bk. 31.
 7 - Essex Deed Bk 31. P. 508.
8 - First Federal Census of Virginia & Va Taxpayers 1782-7.
9 - Brunswick County Order Book 2 (1741-63), page 429.

 10 - Brunswick County Marriage Bonds.

 1 - Essex County Court Order Book 12, page 5.

  2 - Essex County Court Order Book 12, page 36.

 3 - Beverly Fleet' s abstracts K & Q Co. Deeds 1, p. 488.

 4 - Va. Land Office, Grant Book 22, page 561.

 5 - Amelia County Deed Book 2, page 140 (or 324).

 1 - Va. Land Office, Book 28, Page 592.

 2 - Amelia County Deed Book 4, page 179.
 

Ralph Shelton . Page 9
  Nottoway was then (1751) the boundary between Amelia and Lunenburg.  This places Ralph Shelton' s 686 acre homestead in the extreme southwest corner of present Nottaway County and his land on Ledbetter Creek about 10 miles distant to the south and west.
 
Third of the brothers to buy Amelia land was John Shelton, who in 1749 acquired 269 acres on the north side of Great Nottaway River from Richard Clark.   Next year he deeded 100 acres of this land, on Ready Branch3 and Great Nottaway, to his brother Daniel Shelton, with witnesses Crispin and Benjamin Shelton and the Buefords, James and Henry.   The remaining 169 acres John retained until Aug. 25, 1774, when he and wife Elizabeth of Nottaway Parish, Amelia County, deeded it to William Cren***.
 
On May 30,1750, the mother, Mary Clark, calling herself  of the Parish of Nottaway in the County of Amelia. , wrote her will.    She left one shilling sterling each to her grandchild Reuben Shelton, son Ralph  Shelton, son Crispin Shelton, son John Shelton, son Benjamin Shelton, son James Shelton, and grandchild Patient Catey Blackey.   To her daughter Elizabeth Davis she gave the best of my wearing clothes..   All  the rest of her estate, including negro wench janey, she bequeathed to Daniel Shelton, her youngest (nearing his 21st birthday), and named him sole Executor and s forth.. 1
 
The Sheltons continued to live in Amelia for another 13 years and more.   On March 28, 1759, Benjamin Shelton received a grant for 119 acres in Amelia on the south side of the South Fork of Little Nottaway.2   This tract Benjamin and his wife Mary sold on Nov. 24, 1763, to James Shelton. 3 The deed described the land as being on Stone House Branch, adjoining lands of Lewellin Jones, Daniel Jones, James Hudson, Yarborough Pain and Hinton.   Witnesses were Thos. Payne, Daniel Shelton and John Anderson.   This land was still taxed in the name of James Shelton in Amelia in 1788 and in Nottaway in 1791 and 1796.4
 
In 1764 James Skelton was shown as a taxpayer in Thos. Bedford' s list of tithes in Cornwall Parish of Lunenburg County (Cornwall erected in 17** into Charlotte County), and John Shelton and Lewis Shelton were listed as tithes in Cumberland Parish of Lunenburg.5 Lewis was a son of Crispin Shelton, discussed later.
5. Migration to Pittsylvania

 Old Pittsylvania included not only the Pittsylvania County of today but also the presentHenry and Patrick and part of Franklin. Pittsylvania was created in 1767 from Halifax, and Halifax in 1752 from Lunenburg County.

 When the Lunenburg lands were processioned in 1760, this notation was made: "Ralph Shelton' s land not processioned, wand of attendance." 1   His residence was still the Amelia land not far away, but even then he may have been venturing further west.  On Feb. 22, 1763, Ralph sold his Amelia land , 686 acres on the lower side of Snales Creek to Richard Burks. John Shelton witnessed the deed.  Shortly thereafter, Ralph, and then Ralph and Richard Burks*, were sued for debt by Liddall Bacon and Richard Clough, executors of Samuel Jordan.   Evidently Ralph' s land mortgage had not been paid off.    Judgement was awarded by the Amelia court for 52 pounds and 7 shillings, with interestat 5% from Nov. 1, 1756.3

_______________________________

NOTES:

3 - Amelia Deeds, Book 3, page 205.
 Amelia Deeds, Book 3, page 430.
 Amelia Deeds, Book 13, page 35.
 1 - Will recorded in Pittsylvania Co. D&W Bk 5, p 369.

 2 - Va. Land Office, Book 33, page 550.

 3 - Amelia County Deed Book 8, page 243.

 4 - Amelia and Nottaway County Tax Lists, Va. State Library.

 5 - Bell' sSunlight on the Southside, pages 221, 239, 243.

 1 - Bell' s Cumberland Parish, page 508.

 2 - Amelia County Deed Book 8, p. 374.

 3 - E. P. Valentine Papers p. 44.
 

Ralph Shelton . Page 10
 
 On July 21,1763, Ralph Shelton bought of Darby Callahan of Orange County, North Carolina,a tract of 400 acres on both sides of the South Fork of Mayo River, price 70 pounds.4 Then in Halifax, this land was successively in Pittsylvania, Henry and Patrick Counties, located not far from the present county-seat town of Stuart.   Ralph and some of his large family probably moved soon , or had already moved,  to this land 125 miles west of Amelia.
 
Crispin Shelton' s Pittsylvania career began when on Aug. 15, 1764, he received a grant of 1515 acres on both sides of the North Fork of Panther Creek in Halifax county.Panther Creek is a small stream in present Pittsylvania County.  Crispin and some of his family moved shortly to his new land.   He continued to own his Amelia land until Oct. 20, 1777, when he and wife Letice, of Pittsylvania County, deeded it to Peter Lampkin , 262 acres of his original 1743 purchase from Matthew Smart plus 100 acres he had  bought in 1761 from Thornton Pryor.Benjamin and Leonard Shelton, Stith Bolling, William Osborne Jr. and John Finney witnessed the 1777 deed.2
 
The Shelton moves are revealed by the first tax list of Pittsylvania taken soon after  the new county was organized in June 1767.3   These are the names of Sheltons recorded:
 John Hanby.s List: Eliphes Shelton
 _____Shelton
 Ralph Shelton Sen.
 Hamon Critz' s List: Paletiah Shelton
 John Donelson' s List:  Ralph Shelton
 CrispenShelton, Shenor Shelton
 negroes Tom, Lucy, & Primus
 GabrielShelton, Abraham Payne
 negroesZachary & Vilet
 LewisShelton
 negroPatt
 Abraham Shelton, Edgecomb J. Williams
 John Wilson' s List: William Shelton
 
Here we have the first Sheltons of Pittsylvania . Ralph with four of his 10 sons . Eliphes, Paletiah, Ralph and one whose name is lost, perhaps the eldest son John; and Crispin with four of his 8 sons . Abraham, Lewis, Gabriel and Spencer (Shenor is a misreading).  William Shelton of John Wilson' s list, owning land on Dan River, we do not yet identify.   The other four brothers. Benjamin, John, James and Daniel . in 1767 were probably still back in the vicinity of Amelia or Lunenburg.
 
Benjamin Shelton' s first appearance in the Pittsylvania Records was in 1772 when he bought land from Hugh Innes.1 He evidently moved from Amelia shortly before that time.   He and wife Mary, of Amelia Count, on May 24, 1770, had sold 100 acres to Joseph Phillips2 . Land in the fork of Nottaway river which he had bought of William and Susannah Pace in 1764, soon after he had sold his 110-acre tract to his brother James Shelton.   The 1782 tax list of Pittsylvania shows Ben Shelton with a family of 7 whites and 8 slaves.That same year he sold 200 acres of his land to Joel Shelton of Amelia. Description of the land shows that Benjamin had settled in the neighborhood of Crispin's family, it was ** head of Haw Fork of Buck Branch, Bounded by Abraham Shelton' s lines, Peter Irby' s lines, Hugh Iniss' s lines and Benjamin Shelton' s new marked
 
________________________________
NOTES:
4 -Halifax County Deed Book 4, page 357.
 1 - Va. Land Office, Book 36, p. 589.
 2 - Amelia Deeds, Book 7, page 527.
 3 - Amelia Deeds, Book 14, page 183.
 3 - Clement' s History of Pitts. Co., pages 276-82.
 1 - Pittsylvania County Deed Book 3, page 43.
 2 - Amelia Deeds, Book 11, page 133; Amelia Deeds, Book 8, p. 2**
 3 - FirstFederal Census of Va.
 * - ***********
                                                                                                                                                  Ralph Shelton . Page 11
 
Line.  Witnesses to this deed were Vincent Shelton, Beverly  Shelton, Young Shelton and Leonard Shelton.   In 1785 Ben Shelton' s family consisted of 8 whites, with a second Ben, probably his oldest son, heading a household of 5 whites.3   By 1787 Ben. Senr. had moved away.  April 13, he gave deeds for 170 acres and 400 acres to Leonard Shelton and Vincent Shelton, respectively, as . Benjamin Shelton Senr., late of PittsylvaniaCounty.. He may have  moved south, across the state line into Caswell County, North Carolina,where the 1790 census showed a Benjamin Shelton.6
 
John Shelton never had a land grant, but on Nov. 7, 1778, bought from Joshua and Frances Hudson a 225-acre tract not far from Crispin and Benjamin in Pittsylvania. 1 The land was marked by Lightfoot' s line, Clark' s line and Richard Todd' s line.   Witnesses to the deed included William Shelton.   The 1782 tax list showed John with a family of 10, owning 225 acres and no slaves.2 In 1785 his family numbered eight, and in 1787 he was taxed on 225 acres.3   In 1798 he had two tracts, 225 acres and 10 acres.   Joh Shelton died in 1804, leaving a will dated Nov. 26, 1801, proved June 18,1804, which mentioned four sons ' William, Joel, Claiborne, and Abraham, and 8 daughters,  Jane Lewis, Mary Poore, Francis Shelton, Martha Tucker, Charlotte Shelton, Nancy White, Lucy Hurt and Lettice Shelton.4
 
James Shelton was in Pittsylvania by 1768, when on May 27th he bought 400 acres on Leatherwood and Beaver Creeks from John Cox and wife Frances.5   That same year, on August 26th, he was sued by David Caldwell. 6 On Aug. 1, 1772, he received a grant for another 400 acres, located on the south fork of Leatherwood , probably adjoining or near the first tract.7    This land was a few miles east of Martinsville, in present Henry County, and about 25 miles west of his brother Crispin' s settlement.   James sold this 800 acre holding on Sept. 24, 1772, to James Hix, and six months later had another grant for 500 acres nearby, on Beaver and Snow Creeks.He held this only 3 years, selling Feb. 28, 1775, to William Hunter.9   Then James, too, went further west, to buy on the North Mayo River, on its Horsepasture and Ironmonger branches, over 2** acres in all.1   In 1780 he gave farms to his sons William and Samuel and his son-in-law Gregory Durham,2 and five years later died on land he still owned near Horsepasture.  He left will, dated May 14, 1784, proved Mar. 26, 1785, naming wife Philapinea3and this second wife' s children,  Nathan, James, Molly, Nancy and Sally.4
 
Daniel Shelton, the youngest of Ralph and Mary' s children, first
__________________________
NOTES:
3 - First Federal Census of Va.
  4 - Pitts D. Bk. 6. p. 267.
 5 - Pitts Deed Bk. 8, pp. 77-78.
 6 - First Fed. Census N. C.
 1 - Pitts Deed bk. 5, page 45.
 2 - First Fed. Census of Va.
 3 - Pittsylvania original tax lists in Va. State Library.
 4 - Pittsylvania County Will Book 2, page 269.
 5 - Pitts Co. Deed Bk. 1, p. 106
 6 - Pitts Order Bk. 1, p. 84.
 7 - Va. Land Office, Bk. 40, p. 819.
 8 - Pitts Co. Deed Bk. 3, pp. 94-96 & Va. Land Office Bk. 41, ***.
 9 - Pitts Co. Deed Bk. 4, p. 115.
 1 - Henry Co. Deed Bk. 1 & 2
 2 - Henry Co. Deed Bk. 2, pp. 1, 2 &4.
 3 - Philapinea was probably daughter of Hamon Critz.   Hill's Henry Co., p. 259, and Pedigo' s Patrick & Henry Co., p. 24*
 4 - Henry Co. Will Bk. 1, p. 100.

 
 
Ralph Shelton . Page 12
 
Appeared in Pittsylvania records when he probated his mother' s will on Aug. 29, 1771.  Back in Amelia he had acquired 100 acres from his brother John Shelton, on July 19, 17505, as previously noted, and in 17516 a 40-acre tract in the Fork of Nottaway.  Daniel kept this land until after it became Nottaway County in 1788-89, as there is no deed of sale record in Amelia County.   In 1773 his daughter Clara married her first cousin, Crispin. s son Spencer Shelton, and on Sept. 1, 1774, Daniel gave consent to the marriage of his daughter Susannah to Crispin' s son Armistead Shelton.7   Before that Daniel had acquired land, and in May he gave a mortgage to his nephewAbraham Shelton.8   In 1778 Daniel and his wife Lettia deeded to Richard Todd.9   In 1782 he is shown with a family of 11 owning 400 acres and 9 slaves. 10 In 1785 his family numbered 10.  In 1787 he was taxed on 400 acres, which by 1798 had shrunk to 81 ½ acres.1   He had deeded the remainder of it to his sons Young, Leroy, Tunstall and Daniel Jr.  Daniel Shelton died in Pittsylvania County in 1809, leaving will dated March 7, 1808, proved Sept. 18, 1809,naming wife Lettice, daughters Susannah Shelton, Clary Shelton (deceased),Milley Taylor, Anna Bailey, Sally Pain, and Polly Shelton, granddaughter Jane Asqua Shelton, sons Young, Leroy, Geter, Polly, Montegue, Merrit,Macca, Lifas, Elizabeth (sic) and Willis Shelton.2
 
Thus are accounted for all eight of the sons of Ralph and Mary Shelton of Middlesex.   These Sheltons were a close-knit family, brothers and cousins all.   This is attested by the intermarriage of cousins, by their serving each other as witnesses to deeds and wills and securities on executorships and marriage bonds, and by other close associations in community, church and government.  To illustrate, a 1792 coroner' s jury which investigated the murder of slave Simon by slave Watt, on Isaac Coles' plantation in Pittsylvania, was comprised with one exception of Sheltons and Shelon sons-in-law;3
 William Todd, coroner (son-in-law of Crispin)
 Daniel Shelton Senr.
 Beverly Shelton (son of Crispin)
 ArmisteadShelton (son of Crispin)
 William Shelton (son of John)
  Reddick Shelton (son of Crispin. s son Gabriel)
 Vincent Shelton  (son of Crispin)
 John Shelton
 West Dandridge Hurt (son-in-law of John)
 Spencer Shelton (son of Crispin)
 William Porter
 Joel Shelton (son of John)
 Abraham Shelton (son of John)
______________________________
NOTES:
5 -Amelia Deeds, Book 3, p. 430.
 6 - Amelia Deeds, Book 4, p. 107.
 7 - Pitts.Co. Marriage Bonds
 8 - Pitts.Deed bk. 3, p. 535.
 9 - Idem bk. 4, p. 478.
 10 - First Fed. Census
  1 - Pitt sCo. tax lists in Va. State Library.
 2 - Pitts Co. Will Book 2, page 332.
 3 - Calendar of Virginia State Papers, Vol. 6, pp. 49-50.

 
Ralph Shelton . Page 13
 
 By 1776 the western end of Pittsylvania had become so well settled that its citizens were demanding a new county.  As the petition of Oct. *, 1776, read, . Its extreme inconvenient for us to attend upon any business civil or military, it being a fact that in Pittsylvania  some have seventy five and eighty miles from the lower end, and many large  water courses in the way, and as we are frequently called together to the  Courthouse on account of the unhappy dispute between Great Britain and her colonies (being ready and willing to do all in our power in the defenseof our just rights and libertys) with many grievous burthens too tedoius to mention,. 1 so the petitioners, numbering several hundred,asked for a division on a line drawn due south from Black Water on StantonRiver.   The result was the creationof Henry County, named for the already famous war-Governor Patrick Henry.  Among the petitioners who brought about this division were these Sheltons


 Ralph Shelton  James Shelton  Gabriel Shelton

 Eliphes Shelton   William Shelton  Beverley Shelton

 James Shelton   Gregory Durham  John Shelton

 Roger Shelton  (son-in-lawof  Daniel Shelton

 JamesShelton)

  Three years after its establishment, the Henry County tax list numbers 497 names.  This roll showed that Ralph and James Shelton and their sons, living on the South and North Mayo Rivers, respectively, were asessed for these taxes: 2

                              Pound               Shillings              Pence

 Ralph Shelton  23  1  7

 Palatiah Shelton  21  10  5

 Eliphaz Shelton  53  15   11

 John Shelton  6  5  0

 James Shelton  3  13  8

 Jeremiah Shelton  12  12  0

 Isaiah Shelton  9  6  6 (Hezekia*)

 Azariah Shelton  12  6   8

 Capt. James Shelton  118  13  0

 William Shelton  6  15  0

 Gregory Durham   4  15  0

  In the early days of Virginia, every settler was perforce a soldier.   The Indians watched the ever-advancing tide of white settlers and resisted sporadically.  The citizenry of each county were organized into militia which formed the backbone of the community life.  In Amelia County, Ralph Shelton was listed as having seen active militia service in 1758.1   Duringthe Revolutionary War most of the Pittsylvania Sheltons were in active official or military service, against Indians, Tories and the British.   James Shelton and Eliphas Shelton were militia Captains in Henry County.Daniel Shelton and Gabriel Shelton were Captians, Spencer, Beverly and Elisha Lieutenants and Armistead and Vincent Ensigns in Pittsylvania.  Five of the latter were appointed the same day, Sept. 27, 1775.3   In 1778 Daniel Shelton became a Major. Captain Gabriel Shelton, with his brother Vincent as Ensign, marched his company of Pittsylvania militia to the battle of Guilford Court House, N. C., fought against the British on March 15, 1781.5

____________________________

NOTES:

1 - Original petition in Va. State Library, of which this author has a photoprint copy.
 2 - Original tax list in Va. State Library, of which this author has a photoprint copy.
 1 - Henings Statutes Vol. 7, p. 201.

 2 - James, Va. Mag. 9-417; 11-90; 14-81; Eliphaz, Va. Mag. 9-263.

 3 - Pitts Deed Bk 4, 293.

 4 - Clement's Hist. Pitts. P. 164.

 5 - Clement,page 185.
 

Ralph Shelton . Page 14
  As early as 1767 Crispin Shelton and his son Abraham were members of the vestry of Camden Parish.In Feb. 1768, layman Lewis Shelton was directed by the vestry to read prayers at James Faris. and George Pa*****.   With the Revolution came the break with the Established Church of England and the decline of the parish organization.   The vestry books and parish registers were discontinued and it took many years to make a strong, going organization of the Episcopal Church.   In 1785 Abram Shelton and Haynes Morgan, Gents., were appointed to attend a convention to be held in Richmond.   Many of the Sheltons remained true to this Church, but others were won over to the newer faiths.  Lewis Shelton and Griffith Dickenson, son and son-in-law of Crispin, became Baptist preachers.
 Crispin, Abraham, Gabriel and Daniel Shelton were members of the patriot County Committee chosen June 16, 1775.Crispin served on the Pittsylvania Commission for the trail of tories, and Crispinand Abraham were on a Court of Inquiry that administered the Oath of Allegiancein 1777. 2 Abram. became Escheator for the County of properties owned by British subjects, representedthe County in the General Assembly of 1777 and 1778 and was sheriff in1784.   After the Revolution and until his death in 1789 he was Colonel of the First Battalion of the County Militia.3   In 1789 Beverly Shelton was appointed Captain in room of Gabriel Shelton who had resigned.4 In the 1790' s, Vincent, Crispin and Armistead Shelton were Justices of the Peace, called members of the Commission of Peace, who held court for civil cases each month. 5

 Even before1800 the sons and daughters of these Shelton brothers from Middlesex were pushing on to newer and more promising lands, to North Carolina, Tennessee and Kentucky.   Within another 30 years the descendants had reached Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, and beyond.  True, some of them stayed in the home counties,  over 300 Shelton names were recorded by the 1850 census taker in Pittsylvania County alone.   But today, the people who look to the Sheltons of Middlesex as ancestors probably number in the thousands and are scattered all the way from Virginia to California, and from the Gulf to Canada.

 In succeeding sections, this author will treat briefly of the children and grandchildrenof six of the Middlesex-Amelia-Pittsylvania brothers , the families of Ralph, Crispin, Benjamin, John, James and Daniel Shelton.

Kenyon Stevenson (deceased)

February 8, 1953

82 Aurora St. Hudson,Ohio.

_____________________________

NOTES:

6 - Clement, page 116, 117, 121, 131.
  1 - W&M Qy 1 ser Vol. 5, p 247.
 2 - Clement ,p 165.

 3 - Cal. Va. State Papers, Vol. 4, p 653.

 4 - Idem,  p646.

 5 - Clement,page 287.
 
 

Dec. 19, 1812 . Thompson Robertson m. Chloe R. Shelton, 1793-1873
Bondsman . Abraham C. Shelton.  Pittsylvania County, Va.
(A report is that she was the daughter of Abraham Crispin Shelton of Nottoway County, Va.)

 Sussanah Robertson wed Vincent Shelton-12/27/1777, in Nottaway Co., Va.

They emigrated to Pittsylvania County, Va. .   Sussanah was a daughter of Henry Robertson, 1708- 1782  (his  Will dated 1781 - Amelia Co. C.H.)

Henry Robertson was a son of Christopher Robertson, d. 1749, who held land of the Deep Creek Section of Nottoway County or Amelia County, Va.

From the papers of Mrs. Anderson, dec'd

Transcribed by Glen Shelton




This is a version of this manuscript has been checked for sources used by Mr. Stevenson and a number of typos have been found.  This has
also been verified for typos in this new typing.
 This verified manuscript was typed into and edited on the computer. By verified I mean every footnote has been
checked in the source given by Mr. Stevenson and some errors were found in this way

Typed and Corrected, Spring 2002, by Margaret S. Alford
1520 Young’s Ferry Road, Bowling Green, KY 42101
msalford@mindspring.com

     RALPH SHELTON OF MIDDLESEX COUNTY, VIRGINIA AND SOME OF HIS DESCENDANTS

By Kenyon Stevenson, a Shelton Descendant
[born 31 May 1895 – died 30 August 1957]
Hudson, OH
1955 Version
 

RALPH SHELTON, OF MIDDLESEX COUNTY, VIRGINIA
AND SOME OF HIS DESCENDANTS

An Account by Kenyon Stevenson, a Shelton Descendant,  Hudson Ohio, 1955 Version

1.  The Setting

Less than fifty years from the day that the first white man set foot on Virginia soil, the banks of its tidewater rivers were teeming with Englishmen.  The original shires proved inadequate for popular government by the swarming settlers.  Charles River County, renamed York in 1643, was cropped of its northern regions to form Northumberland and Lancaster.

Then in 1656 the lands on both sides of the upper tidewater and freshes of the Rappahannock River were removed from Lancaster and erected into a new county called Rappahannock.  Lancaster itself was only four years old.  Sixteen years later, Lancaster was divided again, this time the portion south of the Rappahannock River being set up as Middlesex County.  Rappahannock County, too, was split and abolished; in 1692, after only 36 years; its area north of the river became Richmond and that south Essex.

Essex County, dating from 1692, and Middlesex, from 1672, have kept their original boundaries to the present day, save for the upper end of Essex which went to help form Caroline in 1727.  Coincident in extent with Essex County was South Farnham Parish and with Middlesex was Christ Church Parish.  Both counties fronted on the Rappahannock River, their backs being to the Piankatank River which for 30 miles and more flowed then, as now, through the forbidding-sounding Dragon Swamp, to empty into the estuary that splits the northeast corner of the Rappahannock-York peninsula.  Back of Middlesex and Essex lay other fragments of old York – Gloucester and King and Queen Counties, with few trails to cross the Dragon Swamp, even as today.  But between Essex and Middlesex there were no barriers.  From the beginning there was free social, mercantile and political interchange.

During the second half of the 17th century, the peninsulas filled up more and more rapidly with English planters.  They were usually men of means who received large grants for bringing themselves, their families and other immigrants to the colony.  An immigrant, or headright, in these years was worth 50 acres of  land.  The importer not only acquired the land but usually also the services of each headright he brought in, for a term of years as an indentured servant, in return for the passage money that had been advanced and for his board and keep during his service.

2.  The First Sheltons

The earliest Sheltons to arrive in Virginia probably came as indentured servants. In the land patent records, all Sheltons named are listed as headrights, and none received a grant of land.  Nugent’s Cavaliers and Pioneers, Volume I, 1623-1666,  shows the following:

1638, May 12 – Fr. Shelton headright of John Fludd, Gent., granted 2100 acres in James Citty County for importing 42 persons.  “Fr.” was a usual abbreviation for Francis.

1638, Feb. 20 – Rich. Shelton, headright of Nicholas George and John Grymsditch, granted 300 acres in Isle of Wight County for importing 6 persons.

1654, June 6 – Fra. Shelton, headright of Vallentine Patten, granted 1000 acres in Westmoreland County for importing 20 persons.  Six months later Robert Hubard received a grant for 1600 acres in Westmoreland for 32 headrights, twenty of whom were identical with those on Patten’s list, including Fra. Shelton.  It has been suggested that “Fra.” is not an abbreviation of Francis, but a misreading of “Tho.” or Thomas.

1658, June 5 – Tho. Shelton, headright of Edward Williams, who was granted 500 acres in Petomack freshes above Puscatoway (Westmoreland County) for importing 10 persons.

1658, Nov. 24 – Symon Shelton, headright of Thomas Lullaman, who was granted 400 acres in Patomeck freshes upon Yosococoemocoe Creek (Westmoreland County), for importing 8 persons.

1665, Nov. 9 – Tho. Shelton,  headright of Mr. Wm. Crump, Mr. Charles Edmonds and Mr. Robt. Whitehaire, who were granted 2700 acres in New Kent County for importing 54 persons.

Closely similar to the name Shelton and sometimes interchanged with it are the names Sheldon, Skelton, Cheton, Chelton, Chilton and Charlton.  One author thinks that even Melton and Whetson are misreadings of Shelton.  Immigration authorities, county officials, keepers of other early records and even genealogists and members of the families concerned appear to have been indifferent in spelling these several names and often confused over kinships.  From Nugent, we list some of the early settlers with these latter names:

1635 – Thomas Melton, headright of Capt. Adam Thorowgood
1638 – Thomas Melton had 200 acre grant, lower Norfolk, wife Hannah
1642 – Marke Cheton, headright of Daniell Lewellyn, Gent., Henrico
1663 – John Whetson had 140 acre grant on Petomecke, Northumberland
1663 – John Whiston had 1000 acre grant on head of  Nomeny R.,  Westmoreland
1665 – Augustine Hull and John Wilson’s grant on Potomack nigh to Nomeny adjoins Mr. John Whiston, Westmoreland.
1666 – Mr. John Whetstone had 250 acres grant on Nomeny Bay, Westmoreland
1664 – James Sheldon, headright  of Capt. John Savadge, Northampton
1664 – Wm. Sheldon, headright of Charles Ratcliffe, Accomack
1650 – Stephen Chilton, headright of Anthony Fuljam, N. side of Rappahannock
1660 – Wm. Chilturne, headright of John Williams, Northampton
1638 – Henry Charleton’s land cited in Henry Williams’ patent, Accomack
1637 – Stephen Charlton had 200 acre patent in Accomack
1641 – Stephen Charleton had 500 acre patent in Accomacke
1644 – Mrs. Bridgett Charleton had 500 acres from Edwyn Connaway of Northampton for use of her son John Severne, under 18
1638 – Stephen Charlton had 1000 acre grant in Accomack
1650 – Stephen Charlton had 1000 acre grant in Northampton
1653 - Stephen Charlton had 1700 acre grant in Northampton adj own land
1658 – Wm. Charlton, headright of Mr. John Ellis, Westmoreland
1662 – Wm. Charlton, headright of Thos. and Anthony Stephens, Rappahannock
1663 – Wm. Charlton and Francis Overton had 410 acre grant on Rappahannock
1663 – Xtopher Charlton, headright of John Maddison, Rappahannock
1666 – Norton Charlton, headright of Capt. Joseph Bridger, Isle of Wight
1694 – Edward Chilton, formerly clerk to this office

From other sources we list additional early references:
1653, March 7 – In Surry County Thomas Gray Gent. aged 60 deposeth that Daniel Shelton in the time of his sickness not long before his departure did bequeath his whole estate to Rebecka his wife verbally.1
1659 – Edward Skelton proved his age in Surry County Court.
1659 - John Skelton gave bond in Surry re Prudence Kindred
1676 – John Skelton in Surry County Court asked pardon for his participation in Bacon’s  Rebellion.2
1662, Oct. 24 – John Shelton in York County ordered to serve his master “one whole yeare” after expiration of his Indenture according to Act of Assembly “for useing threatening speeches” to his master Thomas Morley and striking his overseer his master’s son William.
1673 – Robert Shilston died Nov. 13, 1673, in York County.
1680, Feb. 25 – John Shelton born, son of William and Isabell Shelton, baptized soon after, in Gloucester County.
1686 – Joseph Sheldon buried February 5, 1686, York County. 4

In the 1690’s a William Sheldon appeared in York County.  On Dec. 10, 1698 he was licensed in Elizabeth City County to marry Hannah Armistead, daughter of Colonel Anthony Armistead. This William seems to have been related to Gilbert Sheldon, only son and heir of Daniel Sheldon “late of London esq. dec’d”, by whom a Power of Attorney was issued Dec. 7, 1715 to “William Sheldon of York County in Virginia in partes beyond the seas.” William and Hannah had no children.  After her death William married Katherine Nutting, daughter of Captain Thomas Nutting of York County.  In the latter’s 1717 will he speaks of “my son-in-law Capt. Wm. Sheldon”.  That Captain William Sheldon had no issue by either wife is clearly demonstrated by a provision of his will, proved in York County May 15, 1727, which made his nephew and ward William Sheldon Slater his chief heir “the whole estate to remain in the name of Sheldon forever.”  At no place in the records is William Sheldon’s name spelled Shelton, he had neither Sheldon nor Shelton sons, and there is no hint of any Shelton connections.

About 1660 in Westmoreland County, a John Chilton bought from John Gerrard a 900 acre tract on the west side of Currioman Bay.  This land had been patented in 1649 by Thomas Speake, a son-in-law of Dr. Thomas Gerrard and brother-in-law of John.  By his 1706 will, this John Chilton left his estate to his wife Jone Chilton, three daughters Sarah Chilton, Mary Sharp and Elizabeth Groves, three sons John, Thomas and William Chilton and grandsons John, son of William Chilton and John, son of John Chilton.  At the probate on Feb. 25, 1707, Henry Carter testified that he wrote the will at John Chilton’s direction, but that John did not sign it because there were no persons present to witness it while he was still sensible.  In short, this was a deathbed will, drawn in Chilton’s home near Currioman Bay on Nov. 15, 1706.  While the spelling of the name of some of John’s descendants was changed to Shelton, at no place in the records has either John’s name or that of his children been found as Shelton.

Closer to the Essex-Middlesex region, the earliest of the Sheltons recorded are these:

William Shelton, who on November 7, 1684, in a Rappahannock County suit against Mrs. Honoria Jones, administratrix of George Jones dec’d, was granted delay until next North Side court, at request of Shelton’s attorney, Capt. George Taylor.

Thomas Shelton, who on March 4, 1685/6, in a Rappahannock County case against him by Captain William Lloyd, was granted delay until next North Side Court.8  Reference to “North Side Court” suggests that these two Sheltons lived north of the Rappahannock in the Richmond County area, rather than in Essex.

In Middlesex County, a Peter Chilton married Susan Jaxon on March 2, 1685/86.  This is the first notice of a man who appears in the records as Chilton, Chelton and Shelton over the next 30 years.  Three of his sons’ births are recorded in the Christ Church Parish Register as Chilton, but his own name occurs in his 1718 will as Chilton, Chelton and Chellton.  He signed his name by mark, Peter Chellton.  It has been assumed by some students of the family that Ralph Shelton of Middlesex was a son of this Peter, but there is no particle of evidence in either the Parish Register or the county records to suggest or confirm this inference.  Peter’s will speaks of sons Peter (deceased), William, Thomas and Zebulon, and of no others.  A fifth son Henry Chelton, so noted in the Register, had predeceased his father, aged about 26 and probably unmarried.

A Middlesex contemporary of Peter Shelton was Thomas.  As Thomas Chilton with wife, Margaret, he had a daughter Sarah baptised July 16, 1693.  Mary Chilton, baptised June 9, 1700, may be his daughter.  Thomas Chelton and wife Mary had a daughter Anne baptised July 13, 1708, and son Thomas baptised Feb. 25, 1710/11.  Thomas died soon after this son’s birth, as his Inventory was entered in Middlesex Court May 1, 1711, by Mary Chilton administratrix.

3.  Our Middlesex Sheltons

A prominent early settler of Virginia was Nicholas Meriwether.  Born in Wales about 1631, he received the first of many Virginia land patents in 1653, when he was granted 600 acres in Northumberland County for importing 12 persons.  Other grants through the 1650’s and 1660’s ranged south as far as Surry County.. Two of them were in the Essex-Middlesex area – February 10, 1653, 400 acres in Lancaster County,  on South side of Rappahannock River, about six miles up same; and October 4, 1654, 600 acres in Rappahannock County on South Side and in the Freshes of Rappahannock River opposite to Nanzemun Towne.  The first obviously was in present Middlesex and the latter in Essex County.

Our interest centers in two of Nicholas’ sons – Thomas and Francis.  Francis Meriwether married  Mary Bathurst, daughter of Launcelot Bathurst, and had six children, of whom a daughter, Jane, born about 1700, married James Skelton.  This James Skelton, sometimes appearing as James Shelton, lived in Hanover, Goochland and Amelia Counties, receiving a number of land grants in these counties in the 1730’s and 1740’s.  He died in 1754, leaving five children: Reuben, who on July 9, 1751, in Middlesex County married Elizabeth Lomax and left will in Goochland County dated May 15, 1759, dying childless (his widow married John Wales); Bathurst who married Martha Wales, later the wife of Thomas Jefferson; Sally, who married Colonel Thomas Jones; Meriwether who died unmarried in Hanover County in 1778; and Lucy who married Robert Gilliam.   Any kinship to the Sheltons next to be presented has not been discovered.

Thomas Meriwether born about 1665, perhaps the oldest son of Nicholas, appeared in Essex County in the 1690’s.  His first wife was Elizabeth Williamson, perhaps a close relative of Edward Thomas whose 1699 will left 306 acres in South Farnham Parish to three sisters – Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Meriwether; Katherine, wife of William Young; and Frances, wife of Robert Ransome.  Probably about 1706, Thomas married a second wife, Susannah,   She is claimed by some to have been Susannah Shelton, but this writer has found no evidence to support such an idea.  Thomas and Susannah had a daughter of whom his Jan. 7, 1708 will speaks thus, “my sd wife Susanna and my young daughter that now sucks my said wife who as yet is unbaptized.”  Christened Susannah, the daughter married John Armistead in the 1720’s and lived and died in Essex County.

On Oct. 10, 1702, Thomas Meriwether had recorded in the Essex Court Order Book this entry, “Certificate according to Act of Assembly is granted to Thos. Meriwether for the importation of seven persons into this Colony by name Sarah Eaton, Richd Cullen, Ralph Sheldon, (name illegible), Mary Millnor, Isaac Bayly, Edw Cartwright.”  This is the first appearance in the Virginia records of Ralph Shelton of Middlesex County.  There is no indication of Ralph’s parentage or age, actual date of importation or place from which he came.

This Ralph Shelton of Essex-Middlesex is not to be confused with the younger Ralph Shelton of King William County who married Mary Pollard.  They lived on opposite sides of the Dragon Swamp and were about 15 years apart in age.  This is established by a bond for 200 pounds in King William dated Sept. 30, 1703, entered into by Joseph Bickley of King and Queen County with Major John Waller of King William to cover two years of schooling for Ralph Shelton, son of Mrs. Sarah Gissage, whom Bickley contemplated marrying soon.  Bickley had been bookkeeper to Sarah’s recently deceased husband.  Bickley also contracted to pay Ralph Shelton, on his reaching 21, a young working negro man, 3 cows with calves, four killable hogs, a sow and pigs, a horse, a steer, and enumerated household equipment.  According to Ellis family records, this Ralph Shelton was born Sept. 25, 1698 in King and Queen County, a son of Sarah Shelton who married Richard C. Gissage, merchant from London who settled at Acquinton, St. Peters Parish, New Kent County.  Sponsors at the christening were Vincent Gage, Ralph Poe and Lydia Searcy.  Just why Ralph took his mother’s maiden name instead of his father’s surname is not explained, but he grew up to marry Mary Pollard, daughter of Robert Pollard of King William County, on Dec. 5, 1722, and had six children: Elizabeth born Aug. 16, 1724; Mary born Aug. 1, 1726; Richard, born Aug. 14, 1728, married 1746 Mary Wright left will in Amherst County dated Nov. 3, 1814; Jane, born May 22, 1730, married Henry Gosney and James Sandidge; William, born Nov. 3, 1732; and John born April 25, 1734.

Back in Essex County, in 1708, six years after his importation, Middlesex Ralph Shelton, signing his name Ralph Shelteon, was a witness to Thomas Meriwether’s will.  He was also a beneficiary of the will which read, “I give unto Ralph Shelton & his heires forever the Sixty-five acres of Land Granted to me by Patent joyning to the Land of Rice Jones, John Lohees (Toslees?) and the land formerly belonging to Capt. Edward Thomas.”  This 65 acre tract appears to be one granted to Meriwether on May 2, 1706, described in patent as follows, “Sixty five acres of Land part of a patent of four hundred and fifty acres in Essex formerly Rapp.County bounded as follows (Vizt) beginning at a decayed walnutt and a great mulberry tree markt by it (at the upper extent of a devident of land belonging to John Jones’ orphan) standing by the Dragon swamp side in the point of an old feild just below the mouth of a great branch and running thence North East by sd Jones’ Land…to a red Oake in John Masses’ Line thence..to the main run of the Dragon swamp..sd Land formerly granted Edwd Thomas Gent by patent dated 20th Oct. 1691 and by him deserted and since granted sd. Meriwether by order of the genll. Court dated 25th Oct. 1705.”

The will and patent descriptions place this land on the Essex-Middlesex boundary line.  This location is further indicated by a description of Middlesex County written April 14, 1700 which reads in part, “…said County is bounded on the head with the lower part of the land of John Jones dec’d which runs up from Rappahannock River on the upper part of Cock’s Bay next above ye land of James Blaise and so crossing the Ridge along the land of Thomas Toseley including the same and from the outline of Thomas Toseley’s land down a great Branch dividing the land of Edward Thomas dec’d and the land of Rice Jones dec’d, including the said Rice Jones dec’d Land to the dragon swamp.”

This land remained in possession of Ralph Shelton’s family for sixty years.  It appears that he lived on an adjoining tract in Middlesex the rest of his life.  An Oct.10, 1727 entry in the Christ Church Vestry Book reads, “Ordered that Mr. Garrot Daniel and Mr. Ralph Shelton procession every particular person’s Land between the Briery Swamp (from the Millstone Valley to the Dragon Swamp) and the upper End of the County, and from the main road to the Dragon Swamp on the south Side of the main road.”

Thirty-two years later, the Vestry Book of Aug. 7, 1759 notes,  “Lewis Montague and Reuben Skilton ordered to Procession, . . (area described identically as that processioned in 1727 by Ralph)”.  Finally on April 24, 1770, Archibald McCall of Essex County and Reuben Shelton of Middlesex County deeded to Henry Street of Essex all of a tract in the Counties of Middlesex and Essex containing 100 acres adjoining Lattaney Montague, the Dragon Swamp and land of Henry Street.
 
Ralph Shelton married about 1707, either in Essex or Middlesex, a wife Mary, whose surname has been guessed to be Crispin.  No record of the marriage or suggestion of a maiden name has been discovered.  Birth of the oldest daughter, Elizabeth, about 1711, is not in the Christ Church Parish Register, where all the others are recorded.  There were eleven children in all, as follows:

     l.  Thomas, baptized November 9, 1707, married Mary Probert Jan. 14, 1730/31
    2.  Ralph, baptized October 23, 1709, married Mary Daniel  June 10, 1731
    3.  Elizabeth, born about 1711, married Wm. Davis, Oct. 29, 1728.
    4. Crisp (throughout life  called Crispin), born April 1, baptized May 17, 1713, married Letitia ____about 1734
    5.  Reuben, born Feb 1, 1714/15, baptized Apr 10, 1715; died Oct. 8, 1715
    6.  Mary, born Jan. 21, baptized February 13, 1716/17; died July 18, 1719
    7.  Catherine, born Jan. 26, baptized March 13, 1719/20, married George Blakey Dec. 31, 1743
    8.  John, born July 19, baptized August 12,  1722
    9.  Benjamin. born June 18, baptized July 12, 1724
  10.  James, born Feb. 23, baptized March 23, 1726/27
  11.  Daniel, born May 17, baptized June 22, 1729

Ralph Shelton lived only five years after the birth of his son Daniel.  He died March 13 1733/34.  His will, badly damaged in the old Middlesex Will Book, was dated March 10, 1733/34.  Some of the provisions still legible on the torn pages are , “ My son Ralph Shelton should have my Land….”  “……zabeth Davis twenty five Shillings to buy her---“,  “------Ralph Shelton one cow and calf,”,  “…..my son Thomas Shelton should take care of my children, and if in case my son Thomas should Die, my Desire is that my Children should be left to the -----of my other two sons, Ralph and Crispen.”  “Appoint my L (oving) wife Mary Shelton and my son Thomas Shelton to  (be executors of) my Last will and Testament.”  The witnesses were William Buford, Thomas Clarke, Henry Buford  and Abraham______.

The will was presented in Court April 2, 1734 and proved by oaths of Henry Beauford and Thomas Clark.  Thomas Buford, John Jones, John Clark and Garrit Daniel  appraised the estate.  Inventory and appraisement were presented to the court on July 2, 1734.  After this there are no later entries in the Middlesex Court Orders or other county records regarding Ralph Shelton.  His widow, Mary, remarried – to a Clark, perhaps Thomas – and as Mary Clark made her will in Nottoway Parish of Amelia County on June 30, 1750.  A Middlesex deed made Oct. 5, 1757 by Mary Clark and Peter Clark of County Middlesex to John Lambeth transfers 150 acres “beginning at a deep bottom between Edward Bristow and William Bristow’s line, thence along Elizabeth Smith’s line to main run of the Dragon Swamp…”

On March 24, 1742/43, Ralph’s oldest son Thomas Shelton died in Middlesex, leaving widow Mary and five small children.  Nine years later, on July 11, 1752, the Court ordered Thos. Clark, administrator of Thos. Shelton dec’d, to render an accounting of his administration of the estate at the next court.  At this July court, also, “on motion of Reuben Shelton, orphan of Thomas, Lewis Montague is appointed his guardian.”  At the August 4, 1752 court “on motion of Josiah Shelton, orphan of Thomas, Samuel Smith is appointed his guardian.”  The Oct. 3rd court continued the order on Thos. Clark for an accounting until the next session.  Again on Nov. 7th, “the case of Josiah, Mecajah, and Thos.,  orphans of Thos. Shelton, dec’d, Thos. Clark and Reuben Shelton, son and heir of said Thos. Shelton dec’d” was continued.  Finally, on June 5, 1753, Thos. Clark was ordered by the court to pay the guardian of the complainants 46 pounds 9 shillings 3 pence to be equally divided between them.    The children of Thomas Shelton were:

1.  Reuben Shelton. born May 6, baptized June 10, 1733
2.  Josiah Shelton, born about 1735
3.  Mary Shelton, born Feb. 21, 1737/38, died Aug. 5, 1742
4.  Thomas Shelton, born May 2, 1740
5.  Micajah Shelton, born June 20, baptized July 4, 1742

As noted previously, Reuben Shelton appears to have remained on the family land until 1770, when he sold to Henry Street.  Micajah Shelton chose Ambrose Jeffreys as his guardian in Middlesex, May 4, 1762.   He was in Halifax Court records 1780-85, and in 1790 was in Richmond County, NC.

Josiah Shelton, we think, may have gone to Lunenburg County where the Cumberland Parish tithe lists of 1769 through 1776 show a Josiah Shelton.    In 1782 Josiah Shelton was taxed in Charlotte County on 9 whites and l slave  and in 1797 he left will in Halifax County, naming wife Elizabeth and 7 others undoubtedly his children – Godfre Shelton, Absullom Shelton,  Josiah Shelton, Anne Clemments (wife of Benjamin Clemments), Ruthey Murphey, Patsey Shelton and Elizabeth Shelton.   Godfrey Shelton had been on the Lunenburg tithe list of 1776, indented under Josiah, indicating that he had just turned 18.   Josiah Shelton (junior) married Fathy (Ruthy) Ford in Halifax on May 25, 1798.

It is possible that Thomas Shelton, born 1740, migrated to Brunswick County.  By an Essex deed dated Nov. 16, 1771, Thomas Shelton and wife, Caty, of Meherrin Parish, Brunswick County, sold to James Croxton 58 ¾ acres of land in Essex which came to them on the division of land formerly belonging to James Munday dec'’d”.   Caty (Katherine) was one of five children, the others being Mary, wife of James Croxton, Ursula, wife of John Boughan, Lucy Munday and Betty Munday.   In 1782 the only Shelton on the Brunswick tax list was Sil Shelton, but in Greensville County, immediately to the east, Thomas Shelton is shown with a household of  11 whites.   Silvanus Shelton died in Brunswick in 1783, with a will that left his property to his sister Susanna Shelton, 3 brothers William, Daniel, and Edward Shelton and Elizabeth Redding.   Also in Brunswick, Daniel Shelton married Charlotte Stainback March 16, 1795.

4.  The Sheltons Move to Amelia

Ralph Shelton’s two older surviving sons, Ralph and Crispin, after marriage in Middlesex in the early 1730’s, apparently settled in Essex County.  In May 1740 Ralph Shelton presented a certificate to the Essex Court for taking up a runaway slave Cheshire belonging to Mrs. Winifred Webb of Richmond , and in August 1742, the Essex court adjudged Sam, a negro boy belonging to Crispin Shelton to be 10 years old.

Shortly thereafter these Sheltons turned toward Amelia County, nearly 100 miles west and south, created in 1734 from Brunswick and Prince George Counties.  Amelia at first also included the areas now in Prince Edward and Nottaway Counties.   On July 14, 1743 Mathew Smart of Prince George County sold Crispin Shelton of South Farnham Parish, Essex County 620 acres on South Nottaway River in Amelia County.   Two years later, on Sept. 20, 1745, Ralph Shelton received a royal grant of 400 acres in Amelia County, on the lower side of Snales Creek and north of Great Nottaway River.

It appears probable that with Ralph and Crispin and their families went their mother, Mary Clark, and the four younger sons, John, Benjamin, James and Daniel.  In 1745 John was 23, Benjamin 21, James 19 and Daniel 16.

Crispin sold two portions of his 620 acres in 1746 – 155 acres to Henry Bueford of Amelia and 203 acres to James Beuford of Orange County.   The deeds place the land as lying “on the south side of Rocky Creek in the forks of Nottaway” and recite that “Letice his said wife” joined Crispin in the sale.  Ralph Shelton and Benjamin Shelton signed both deeds as witnesses.  Recalling that Henry Buford and William Buford were witnesses to the father Ralph’s will in Middlesex in 1733, it is suggested that  Crispin’s wife, Lettice, may have been a Buford.

On June 20, 1749, Ralph Shelton had a second land grant – 400 acres in Lunenburg County, on the lower side of Ledbetters Creek.   On Oct. 23, 1751, Ralph Shelton of the Parish of Nottaway bought 286 acres more on the lower side of Snales Creek from Samuel Jordan.   Snail Creek, on the modern map, is a small stream scarcely five miles long in the southeast corner of Prince Edward County (created in 1753 from Amelia), emptying into the Great Nottaway where Prince Edward, Nottaway and Lunenburg meet.  The Great Nottaway was then (1751) the boundary between Amelia and Lunenburg.  This places Ralph Shelton’s 628 acre homestead in the extreme southwest corner of present Nottaway County and his land on Ledbetter Creek about 10 miles distant to the south and west.

Third of the brothers to buy Amelia land was John Shelton, who in 1749 acquired 269 acres on the north side of Great Nottaway River from Richard Clark.  Next year he deeded 100 acres of this land, on Ready Branch41 and Great Nottaway, to his brother Daniel Shelton, with witnesses Crispin and Benjamin Shelton and the Buefords, James and Henry.  The remaining 169 acres John retained until August 25, 1774, when he and wife Elizabeth of Nottaway Parish, Amelia County, deeded it to William Crenshaw.

On May 30, 1750, the mother, Mary Clark, calling herself “of the Parish of Nottaway in the County of Amelia”, wrote her will.  She left one shilling sterling each to her grandchild Reuben Shelton, son Ralph Shelton, son Crispin Shelton, son John Shelton, son Benjamin Shelton, son James Shelton, and grandchild Patient Catey Blackey.  To her daughter Elizabeth Davis she gave “the best of my wearing clothes.”  All the rest of her estate, including “negro wench Janey”, she bequeathed to Daniel Shelton, her youngest son (nearing his 21st birthday) and named him “sole Executor and so-forth”.

The Sheltons continued to live in Amelia for another 13 years and more.  On March 28,  1759, Benjamin Shelton received a grant for 119 acres in Amelia on the south side of the South Fork of Little Nottaway.    This tract Benjamin and his wife Mary sold on Nov. 24, 1763 to James Shelton.   The deed described the land as being on Stone House Branch adjoining lands of Lewellin Jones,  Daniel Jones, James Hudson, Yarbrough, Pain and Hinton.  Witnesses were Thos. Payne, Daniel Shelton and John Anderson.  This land was still taxed in the name of James Shelton in Amelia in 1788 and in Nottaway in 1791 and 1796.

In 1764 James Skelton was shown as a taxpayer in Thos. Bedford’s list of tithes in Cornwall Parish of Lunenburg County (Cornwall erected in 1765 into Charlotte County), and John Shelton and Lewis Shelton were listed as Tithes in Cumberland Parish of Lunenburg.   Lewis was a son of Crispin Shelton, discussed later.

5.  Migration to Pittsylvania

Old Pittsylvania included not only the Pittsylvania County of today but also the present Henry and Patrick and part of Franklin.  Pittsylvania was created in 1767 from Halifax, and Halifax in 1752 from Lunenburg County.

When the Lunenburg lands were processioned in 1760, this notation was made, “Ralph Shelton’s land not processioned, want of attendance,”   His residence was still the Amelia land not far away, but even then he may have been venturing further west.  On Feb. 22, 1763, Ralph sold his Amelia land – 686 acres on the lower side of Snales Creek to Richard Burks.   John Shelton witnessed the deed.  Shortly thereafter, Ralph, and then Ralph and Richard Burks, were sued for debt by Liddall Bacon and Richard Clough, executors of Samuel Jordan.  Evidently Ralph’s land mortgage had not been paid off.  Judgment was awarded by the Amelia court for 52 pounds and 7 shillings, with interest at 5% from Nov. 1, 1756.

On July 21, 1763, Ralph Shelton bought of Darby Callahan of Orange County, North Carolina, a tract of 400 acres on both sides of the South Fork of Mayo River, price 70 pounds.   Then in Halifax, this land was successively in Pittsylvania, Henry and Patrick Counties, located not far from the present county-seat town of Stuart.  Ralph and some of his large family probably moved soon – or had already moved – to this land 125 miles west of Amelia.

Crispin Shelton’s Pittsylvania career began when on Aug. 15, 1764, he received a grant of 1515 acres on both sides of the North Fork of Panther Creek in Halifax County.    Panther Creek is a small stream in present Pittsylvania County.  Crispin and some of his family moved shortly to his new land.  He continued to own his Amelia land until October 20, 1777, when he and wife Letice, of Pittsylvania County, deeded it to Peter Lampkin – 262 acres of his original 1743 purchase from Matthew Smart plus 100 acres he had bought in 1761 from Thorton Pryor.  Benjamin and Leonard Shelton, Stith Bolling, William Osborne Jr. and John Finney witnessed the 1777 deed.51

The Shelton moves are revealed by the first tax lists of Pittsylvania, taken soon after the new county was organized in June 1767.   These are the names of  Sheltons recorded:
 
 John Hanby’s list:      Eliphes Shelton
     ---------Shelton
     Ralph Shelton Sen.

Hamon Critz's list:  Paletiah Shelton

 John Donaldson’s list:  Ralph Shelton
     Crispin Shelton, Shenor Shelton
     negroes Tom, Lucy and Primus
     Gabriel Shelton, Abraham Payne
     negroes Zachery and Vilet
     Lewis Shelton
     negro Patt
     Abraham Shelton, Edgecomb J. Willliams

 John Wilson’s list:  William Shelton

Here we have the first Sheltons of Pittsylvania – Ralph with four of his eleven sons, Eliphes, Paletiah, Ralph and one whose name is lost, perhaps the eldest son, John; and Crispin with four of his eight sons, Abraham, Lewis, Gabriel and Spencer (Shenor is a misreading).  William Shelton of John Wilson’s list, owning land on Dan River, we do not yet identify.  The other four brothers – Benjamin, John, James and Daniel – in 1767 were probably still back in the vicinity of Amelia or Lunenburg.

Benjamin Shelton’s first appearance in the Pittsylvania records was in 1772 when he bought land from Hugh Innes.   He evidently moved from Amelia shortly before that time.  He and wife Mary, of Amelia County, on May 24, 1770, had sold 100 acres to Joseph Phillips – Land in the Fork of Nottaway River which he had bought of William and Susannah Pace in 1764, soon after he had sold his 119-acre tract to his brother James Shelton.  The 1782 tax list of Pittsylvania shows Ben Shelton with a family of 7 whites and 8 slaves.   That same year he sold 200 acres of his land to Joel Shelton of Amelia.   Description of the land shows that Benjamin had settled in the neighborhood of Crispin’s family – it was on head of Haw Fork of Buck Branch, bounded by Abraham Shelton’s lines, Peter Irby’s lines, Hugh Innis’ lines and Benjamin Shelton’s new marked line.  Witnesses to this deed were Vincent Shelton, Beverly Shelton, Young Shelton and Leonard Shelton.  In 1785 Ben Shelton’s family consisted of 8 whites, with a second Ben, probably his oldest son, heading a household of 5 whites.54  By 1787 Ben Senr. had moved away.  On April 13, he gave deeds for 170 acres and 400 acres to Leonard Shelton and Vincent Shelton, respectively, as “Benjamin Shelton Senr., late of Pittsylvania County.”   He had moved south, across the state line into Caswell County, North Carolina, where the 1790 census showed a Benjamin Shelton.

John Shelton never had a land grant, but on Nov. 7, 1778, bought from Joshua and Frances Hudson a 225 acre tract not far from Crispin and Benjamin in Pittsylvania.   The land was marked by Lightfoot’s line, Clark’s line and Richard Todd’s line.  Witnesses to the deed included William Shelton.  The 1782 tax list showed John with a family of 10, owning 225 acres and no slaves.54  In 1785 his family numbered eight, and in 1787 he was taxed on 225 acres.   In 1798 he had two tracts – 225 acres and 10 acres.  John Shelton died in 1804, leaving a will dated Nov. 26, 1801, proved June 18, 1804, which mentioned four sons, William, Joel, Claiborne and Abraham, and 8 daughters – Jane Lewis, Mary Poore, Francis Shelton, Martha Tucker, Charlotte Shelton, Nancy White, Lucy Hurt and Lettice Shelton.

James Shelton was the last of the sons of Ralph to leave Amelia.  The annual personal property tax lists show him there in 1782 with 21 negro slaves, 4 horses and 27 cows.  He continued on the Amelia lists for 1784, 1785 and 1786, but not for 1787.   That year James Shelton appeared for the first time on the Lunenburg County tax list, with Young Shelton in his family, and with 26 slaves, 4 horses and 27 cattle.  James Shelton continued on the Lunenburg lists until his death in 1798 and his widow Jane replaced him in 1799.61  A Nottaway County deed of Oct. 17, 1796, shows that James Shelton of Lunenburg sold William Carter 119 acres on the south side of the South Fork of Little Nottaway River – the tract that he had bought from his brother Benjamin in 1763.

According to deeds and his will, dated Feb. 28, 1796, proved Dec. 13, 1798, James Shelton of Lunenburg had these 8 children: Rachel who married Aaron Quisenbury; Henrietta who married her first cousin Young Shelton, son of Daniel; David Shelton; Mary who married Christopher Harrison; Benjamin Shelton; Caty who married Benjamin Mason; Stephen Shelton and Thomas Shelton.

Another James Shelton of this same south-central Virginia area and period and perhaps about the same age as James of Lunenburg was Captain James Shelton of Pittsylvania and Henry Counties.  For many years this author believed the latter to be the son of Ralph of Middlesex.  Because Captain James Shelton seems possibly closely related to the Middlesex family, and is still unidentified as to parents, he will be presented briefly in this account.

James Shelton was in Pittsylvania by 1768, when on May 27th he bought 400 acres on Leatherwood and Beaver Creeks from John Cox and wife Frances.   That same year, on August 26th, he was sued by David Caldwell.   On Aug l, 1772, he received a grant for another 400 acres, located on the south Fork of Leatherwood – probably adjoining or near the first tract.   This land was a few miles east of Martinsvillle, in present Henry County, and about 25 miles west of Crispin Shelton’s settlement.  James sold this 800 acre holding on Sept. 24, 1772, to James Hix, and six months later had another grant for 500 acres nearby, on Beaver and Snow Creeks.   He held this only 3 years, selling Feb. 28, 1775, to William Hunter.   Then Captain James went further west, to buy on the North Mayo River, on its Horsepasture and Ironmonger branches – over 2000 acres in all.   In 1780 he gave farms to his sons William and Samuel and his son-in-law Gregory Durham. , and five years later died on land he still owned near Horsepasture.  He left will, dated May 14, 1784, proved March 26, 1785, naming wife Philapinea  and this second wife’s children – Nathan, James, Molly, Nancy and Sally.

Daniel Shelton, the youngest of Ralph and Mary’s children, first appeared in Pittsylvania record when he probated his mother’s will on Aug. 29, 1771. Back in Amelia he had acquired 100 acres from his brother John Shelton, on July 19, 1750,  as previously noted, and in 1751  a 40-acre tract in the Fork of Nottaway River from Henry and Ann Gaines (John Shelton a witness). Apparently Daniel kept this land until after it became Nottaway County in 1788-9, as there is no deed of sale recorded in Amelia County.  In 1773 his daughter Clara married her first cousin, Crispin’s son Spencer Shelton, and on Sept. 1, 1774, Daniel gave consent to the marriage of his daughter Susannah to Crispin’s son Armistead Shelton.   Before that Daniel had acquired land, as in May he gave a mortgage to his nephew Abraham Shelton.   In 1778 Daniel and his wife Letitia deeded to Richard Todd.   In 1782 he is shown with a family of 11, owning 400 acres and 9 slaves.   In 1785 his family numbered 10.  In 1787 he was taxed on 400 acres, which by 1798 had shrunk to 81 ½ acres    He had deeded the remainder of it to his sons Young, Leroy, Tunstall and Daniel Jr.  Daniel Shelton died in Pittsylvania County in 1809, leaving will dated March 7, 1808, proved Sept. 18, 1809, naming wife Lettice, daughters Susannah Shelton, Clary Shelton (deceased), Milley Taylor, Anna Bailey, Sally Pain, and Polly Shelton, granddaughter Jane Asqua Shelton, sons Young, Leroy, Daniel and Tunstall, and the children of son Willis – Leroy Geter, Polly Montegue, Merrit, Macca, Lifas, Elizabeth, and Willis Shelton.

Thus are accounted for all eight of the sons of Ralph and Mary Shelton of Middlesex.  These Sheltons were a close-knit family, brothers and cousins all.  This is attested by the intermarriage of cousins, by their serving each other as witnesses to deeds and wills and securities on executorships and marriage bonds, and by other close associations in community, church and government.  To illustrate, a 1792 coroner’s jury which investigated the murder of slave Simon by slave Watt, on Isaac Coles’ plantation in Pittsylvania, was comprised with one exception of Shelton and Shelton sons-in-law:
 William Todd, coroner  (son-in-law of Crispin)
 Daniel Shelton Senr.
 Beverly Shelton  (son of  Crispin)
 Armistead Shelton (son of Crispin)
 William Shelton (son of John)
 Reddick Shelton (son of Crispin’s son Gabriel)
 Vincent (son of Crispin)
John Shelton
 West Dandridge Hurt (son-in-law of John)
 Spencer Shelton (son of Crispin)
 William Porter
 Joel Shelton (son of John)
 Abraham Shelton (son of John)

By 1776 the western end of Pittsylvania had become so well settled that its citizens were demanding a new county.  As the petition of Oct. 9, 1776, read “Its extreme inconvenient for us to attend upon any business, civil or military, it being a fact that in Pittsylvania some have seventy-five and eighty miles from the upper end of the county to the Courthouse and others forty-five and fifty miles from the lower end, and many large water courses in the way, and as we are frequently called together to the Courthouse on account of the unhappy dispute between Great Britain and her colonies (being ready and willing to do all in our power in the defense of our just rights and libertys) with many grievous burthens too tedious to mention.”  So the petitioners, numbering several hundred, asked for a division on a line drawn due south from Black Water on Stanton River.  The result was the creation of Henry County, named for the already famous war Govenor Patrick Henry.  Among the petitioners who brought about this division were these Sheltons:
 Ralph Shelton  James Shelton   Gabriel Shelton
 Eliphaz Shelton William Shelton  Beverly Shelton
 James Shelton  Gregory Durham  John Shelton
 Roger Shelton      (son-in-law of  Daniel Shelton
          James Shelton)

Three years after its establishment, the Henry County tax list numbered 497 names.  This roll showed that Ralph Shelton and James Shelton and their sons, living on the South and North Mayo Rivers, respectively, were assessed for these taxes:
     Pounds  Shillings  pence
 Ralph Shelton      23      l         7
 Patatiah Shelton     21    10         5
 Eliphas Shelton       53    15      11
 John Shelton        6      5          0
 James Shelton        3    13         8
Jeremiah Shelton     12    12               0
Isaiah Shelton        9      6       6  (Hezekiah?)
 Azariah Shelton     12      6          8
 
Capt. James Shelton   118    13                 0
 William Shelton             6    15         0
 Gregory Durham       4    15          0

In the early days of Virginia, every settler was perforce a soldier.  The Indians watched the ever-advancing tide of white settlers and resisted sporadically.  The citizenry of each county were organized into militia which formed the backbone of the community life.  In Amelia County, Ralph Shelton was listed as having seen active militia service in 1758.   During the Revolutionary War most of the Pittsylvania Sheltons were in active official or military service, against Indians, tories and the British.  James Shelton and Eliphas Shelton were militia Captains in Henry County.   Daniel Shelton and Gabriel Shelton were Captains, Spencer, Beverly and Elisha Lieutenants, and Armistead and Vincent were Ensigns in Pittsylvania.  Five of the latter were appointed the same day, Sept. 27, 1775.   In 1778 Daniel Shelton became a Major.   Captain Gabriel Shelton, with his brother Vincent as Ensign, marched his company of Pittsylvania militia to the battle of Guilford Court House, North Carolina, and fought against the British on March 15, 1781.

As early as 1767 Crispin Shelton and his son Abraham were members of the vestry of Camden Parish.   In Feb. 1768, layman Lewis Shelton was directed by the vestry to read prayers at James Faris’ and George Parsons’.89  With the Revolution came the break with the Established Church of England and the decline of the parish organization.  The vestry books and parish registers were discontinued and it took many years to make a strong, going organization of the Episcopal Church.  In 1785, Abram Shelton and Haynes Morgan, Gents.,  were appointed to attend a convention to be held in Richmond.  Many of the Sheltons remained true to this church, but  others were won over to the newer faiths.  Lewis Shelton and Griffith Dickenson, son and son-in-law of Crispin, became Baptist preachers.

Crispin, Abraham, Gabriel and Daniel Shelton were members of the patriot County Committee chosen June 16, 1775.    Crispin served on the Pittsylvania Commission for the trial of tories, and Crispin and Abraham were on a Court of Inquiry that administered the Oath of Allegiance in 1777.  Abram became Escheator for the County of properties owned by British subjects, represented the County in the General Assembly of 1777 and 1778 and was sheriff in 1784.  After the Revolution and until his death in 1789 he was Colonel of the First Battalion of the County Militia.   In 1789 Beverly Shelton was appointed Captain in room of Gabriel Shelton who had resigned.   In the 1790’s, Vincent, Crispin, Jr., and Armistead Shelton were Justices of the Peace, called members of the Commission of Peace, who held court for civil cases each month.

Even before 1800, the sons and daughters of these Shelton brothers from Middlesex were pushing on to newer and more promising lands – to North Carolina, Tennessee and Kentucky.  Within another 30 years their descendants had reached Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri and beyond.  True, some of them stayed in the home counties – over 300 Shelton names were recorded by the 1850 census taker in Pittsylvania County alone.  But today, the people who look to the Sheltons of Middlesex as ancestors probably number in the thousands and are scattered all the way from Virginia to California, and from the Gulf to Canada.

In succeeding sections, this author will treat briefly of the children and grandchildren of six of the Middlesex-Amelia-Pittsylvania brothers – the families of Ralph, Crispin, Benjamin, John, James and Daniel Shelton.

         Kenyon Stevenson (deceased 1957)
    February 8, 1953
                             Revised September 21, 1955

1 Surry Deed Book 1, page 41
  W&M Q 2nd Series, Vol. 9, page 211
2 W&M Q 2nd Series, Vol. 9, page 211
  Tyler’s Q Vol. 1, page 273
  Bell’s Charles Parish, page 246
  Abingdon Parish Register, Vol. 1, page 4
4 Landon C. Bell’s Charles Parish, page 246
  Va. Mag. Vol. 20, pp. 91, 288; Vol. 31, p. 75
     Tyler’s Vol. 2, p. 271; Vol. 6, p. 260
     W&M Q (All 1st Series) Vol. 1, p. 95; Vol. 2, pp. 8, 234; Vol. 5, p 57; Vol. 6,  pp. 227, 250; Vol. 12, p.253;  Vol. 14, p.159
   Eaton’s Historical Atlas of Westmoreland Co., map 9; Chilton’s will, Westmoreland Deeds and Wills, Vol. 4, pp. 122-124
   Old Rappahannock Court Order Book 1, pages 75 and 210
 8 Old Rappahannock Court Order Book 1, pages 75 and 210
   Middlesex Deeds 1 and 5; Wills 1713-1734; Order Books 11, 12, 13 and 14: and Christ Church Parish Register
  Middlesex wills 1698-1713 and Christ Church Parish Register
  Nugent, pages 252, 257, 290, 293, 309, 310, 312, 316, 326, 338, 340, 341, 350, 352, 373, 377,  385, 394, 410, 421, 461, 497, 558, 566
  W&M Q lst Series, Vol. 8 p 98 and Vol. 12, p 60
  Essex County Deeds and Wills Vol. 13 (1707-1711) pages 185-187
  Essex County Deeds and Wills Vol. 10 (1699-1702) page 133
  Bickley’s bond in King William Record Book 1, pp 207-208; Ellis Family Record filed at Institute of American Genealogy, Chicago, IL.
  Virginia Land Office Patent Book 9 (1697-1706) p 727
  Virginia Magazine Vol. 12, p. 285
  Essex County Deed Book 30, p. 359
  Birthdate of  Elizabeth is estimated by the author.  Birthdates of other ten children, first three marriages and two death dates are from the Christ Church Parish Register.  Baptisms of Thomas and Ralph, not indexed are on pages 78 & 79.  Catherine’s marriage bond is reported in W & M Q I, Volume 4, p 119.  Until 1752, when England and her American colonies changed from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar, the New Year began on March 25th.  Thus by our present calendar Thomas Shelton was married just five months before his brother, Ralph.  Several other dates for this family are affected by this calendar change.

  Middlesex County Will Book (1734) pages 418-419.
  Middlesex County Deed Book 1754-67, part 1, page –
  Middlesex Court references in this paragraph are from Order Book 15, pp. 424, 471, 423, 441 and Order Book 16, pp. 12 and 61 in that order.
  Christ Church Parish Register (except Josiah’s birth)
  Middlesex Court Order Book 17, page 266; Halifax County Court Orders and Tax Lists, Virginia State Library; First Federal Census of North Carolina.
  Bell’s Sunlight on the Southside p. 284 and following
  First Federal Census of Virginia
  Halifax County Will Book 3, pages 361-362
  Bell’s Sunlight on the Southside, page 382
  Halifax County Marriage Bonds
  Essex County Deed Book 31
  Essex County Deed Book 31, p. 508
  First Federal Census of Virginia and Virginia Taxpayers 1782-1787
  Brunswick County Order Book 2 (1741-1763), page 429
  Brunswick County Marriage Bonds
  Essex County Court Order Book 12, p. 5
  Essex County Court Order Book 12, p. 36
  Amelia County, VA Deed Book 1, p. 488
  Virginia Land Office, Grant Book 22, p. 561
  Amelia County Deed Book 2, p. 140 (or 324)
  Virginia Land Office, Book 28, p. 592
  Amelia County Deed Book 4, p. 179; Deed Book 3, pages 205 and 430; and Deed Book 13, page 35.

  Will recorded in Pittsylvania County Deed and Will Book 5, p. 369
  Virginia Land Office, Book 33, p. 550
  Amelia County Deed Book 8, p. 243
  Amelia and Nottaway County Tax Lists, Virginia State Library
  Bell’s Sunlight on the Southside, pages 221, 239, 243
  Bell’s Cumberland Parish, p 508.
  Amelia County Deed Book 8, p. 474
  E. P. Valentine Papers p. 44
  Halifax County Deed Book 4, p. 357
  Virginia Land Office Book 36, p. 589; Amelia County  Deed, Book 7, p 527; and Deed Book 14, p 183.

  Clement’s History of Pittsylvania County, pages 276-282
53Pittsylvania County Deed Book 3, p. 43; Amelia County Deed Book 11, p 133;  Deed Book 8 p 276
  First Federal Census of Virginia
  Pittsylvania County Deed Book 6, p. 267

  Pittsylvania County Deed Book 8, p. 77-78
  First Federal Census of North Carolina
  Pittsylvania County Deed Book 5, p. 45
54 First Federal Census of Virginia
  Pittsylvania Original Tax Lists in Virginia State Library
  Pittsylvania County Deed and Will Book 11, p. 269
  Original tax lists in Virginia State Library
61 Original tax lists in Virginia State Library
  Nottaway County Deed Book 1, page 603
  Lunenburg County Will Book 4, page 228
  Pittsylvania County Deed Book 1, p. 106
  Pittsylvania County Order Book 1, p. 84
  Virginia Land Office, Book 40, p. 819
  Pittsylvania County Deed Book 3, pp. 94-95 and Virginia Land Office Book 41, p. 131
  Pittsylvania County Deed Book 4, p. 115
  Henry County Deed Books 1 and 2
  Henry County Deed Book 2, pp. 1, 2, and 4
  Philapinea was probably the daughter of Hamon Critz.  Hill’s Henry County, p. 259, and Pedigo’s Patrick and Henry County, p. 246, mistakenly call Peonia Critz wife of William Shelton.
  Henry County Will Book 1, p. 100
  Amelia Deeds, Book 3, p. 430
  Amelia Deeds, Book 4, p. 107
  Pittsylvania County Marriage Bonds
  Pittsylvania County Deed Book 3, p. 535
  Pittsylvania County Deed Book 4, p. 478
  First Federal Census of Virginia
  Pittsylvania County Tax Lists in Virginia State Library
  Pittsylvania County Deed and Will Book 11, p. 332
  Calendar of Virginia State Papers Vol. 6, pp. 47-50
  Original petition in Virginia State Library of which this author has a photoprint
  Original tax list in Virginia State Library of which this author has photoprint
  Henings' Statutes Vol. 7, p. 201
  James, Virginia Magazine, 9, p. 417; 11, p. 90; 14, p. 81; Eliphaz, Virginia Magazine 9: p 263
  Pittsylvania County Deed Book 4, p. 293
  Clements’ History of Pittsylvania, p. 164
  Clements’ History of Pittsylvania, p. 185
  Clements’ History of Pittsylvania, p. 116, 117, 121, 131
89 Clements’ History of Pittsylvania, p. 116, 117, 121, 131
  W&M Q 1st Series, Vol. 5, p. 247
  Clements’ History of Pittsylvania County, p. 165
  Calendar of Virginia State Papers, Vol. 4, p. 653
  Calendar of Virginia State Papers, Vol. 4, p. 646
  Clements’ History of Pittsylvania County, p. 287