|UNITED STATES CENSUS RECORDS|
|CENSUS YEAR||INFORMATION PROVIDED|
|1790||Residence; name of head of family; # of free white males 16 yrs up; free white males under 16; # free white females; # slaves; # other persons.|
|1800||Residence; name of head of family; # of free white males and females under 10, 10-16, 16-26, 26-45, 45 up; all other free white persons except Indians not taxed; # slaves.|
|1810||Same as 1800.|
|1820||Residence; name of head of family; # free males & females, same age categories as 1810; foreigners not naturalized; male & female slaves & free colored persons under 14, 14-26, 26-45, 45 up; all other free persons except Indians not taxed; number of persons (including slaves) engaged in agriculture, commerce, and manufacture.|
|1830||Residence; name of head of family; # of free white males & females in 5 yr age groups to 20, 10 yr age groups to 100, over 100 yrs; # slaves & free colored persons in six broad age groups; # deaf & dumb under 14, 14-24, 25 up; # blind; foreigners not naturalized.|
|1840||Residence; name of head of family; # free white males & females in same age groups as 1830; # slaves & free colored persons in six broad age groups; # deaf and dumb; # blind; # persons employed in each of seven classes of occupations; # in school; # white persons over 20 illiterate; # pensioners for Revolutionary or military service.|
|1850||Residence; names of all household members; ages; sex; color (white, black or mulatto); profession, occupation, or trade for each male person over 15; value of real estate owned; place of birth; whether married within the yr; whether attended school within the yr; whether illiterate over 20; whether deaf & dumb, blind, insane or idiotic; whether a pauper or convict. Supplemental schedules for slaves listing slave's age, sex, color (B or M), fugitive from the state, # manumitted, deaf, dumb or idiotic.|
|1860||Same as 1850 plus value of personal property. Supplemental slave schedule adds # of slave houses.|
|1870||Same as 1860 plus whether parents were foreign born; month of birth if born within the yr; month of marriage if married within the yr; male citizens 21 and over, # of such persons denied the right to vote for other than rebellion.|
|1880||Same as 1870 minus citizen info plus street address; relationship to head of family; whether person sick or temporarily disabled, if so what condition; whether maimed, crippled or bedridden; place of birth of father and mother.|
|1890||Same as 1880|
|1900||Residence with street address; relationship to head of family; color or race (white, black, Chinese, Japanese, Indian); birth month & year; age; marital status; # yrs married; # children of wife; # children living; place of birth; parents' place of birth; citizenship; yr of immigration & # yrs in U.S.; citizenship status; occupation; can read, write & speak English; ownership of Home or Farm. Separate schedules for institutions, military establishments, and Indian reservations.|
|1910||Same as 1900 plus mother tongue of person and parents; whether out of work during the year; school attendance; whether a survivor of Union or Confederate Army or Navy.|
|1920||Residence with street address; name; relationship to head of family; sex; race; age as of Jan 1, 1920; marital status; if foreign born, yr of immigration, whether naturalized, and yr of naturalization; school attendance; literacy; birthplace of person & parents; mother tongue; ability to speak English; occupation, industry, and class of worker; home owned or rented, if owned whether free or mortgaged.|
For more info on the census', see U.S. bureau of the Census, or U.S. Census Records, or Finding Treasures in the U.S. Census.
Additionally, all census' have been indexed. 1790 - 1860 are in book form by the state. 1870 has an ideal index, which is one index by name for the entire United States. 1880 & 1900 has a soundex, for which you will need a soundex guide. 1910 has miracode, for which you will need a miracode guide. Unfortunately, only a few states are indexed in miracode for 1910. 1920 also has a soundex.
For information on the soundex, see Using the Census Soundex or What is the Soundex?