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NEWBERN (Glade Springs)
The land in Newbern was originally granted to a German named STEBOUGH, and here at what was known as the "Glade Springs" was erected as early as 1772 what was known as the Glade Springs Fort. It was the first structure of the kind reared in Virginia west of New river. In it the families of the earlier settlers took refuge from the prowling bands of Indians, which then infested the country.
The present location of the town was the result of a lawsuit. The land passed into the possession of a gentleman named Adam HANCE, who in 1809 laid out a town at the Springs half a mile distant from the present site, and then asked that the main stage road be changed so as to pass through his city. Living one mile south and directly upon the road was a gentleman named James Ingram, who in case of the change of the road would be left out of it. To prevent this, he sued out an injunction to prevent the said change; it was sustained by the court, and on the 3rd day of March, 1810, Mr. HANCE came over on the road and, with the assistance of Gordon CLOYD, surveyor of Montgomery county, laid out the present town.
The lots were immediately advertised for sale, one condition being that the purchaser should erect, upon the lot, so purchased, "a hawed log house at least one and a half stories high, with shingle roof; brick or stone chimneys, seams filled with lime mortar, and two glass windows of twelve lights each, and completely ranged on the streets."
Henry HANCE, a son of the proprietor, built the first house. The first merchant was James HOGE, who began business about the year 1811; soon followed Henry HANCE, the second, and Resin VERMILLION, the third. A Mr. GARNES was the first blacksmith, and Dr. John Floyd, afterwards a governor of Virginia, the first physician. Adam HANCE kept the first hotel, and the Rev. Carroll LONG was the first resident minister, and the first church (Methodist) was erected in 1831.
Section 4 of the act, by which the county was created, provided "that in order the more impartially and correctly to ascertain the most proper place for holding courts and erecting public buildings for the county of Pulaski," William CAMPBELL of the county of Bedford, Samuel HALE of the county of Franklin, Samuel McCAMANT of the county of Grayson, Albert G. PENDLETON of the county of Giles, and Joseph W. DAVIS of the county of Smythe, shall be and they are hereby appointed commissioners, a majority of whom may act, for the purpose aforesaid, and who are hereby required to meet in the town of Newbern, in the now county of Montgomery, on the 1st day of May next ensuing the passage of this act, or within thirty days from and after that day; and within ten days after their meeting ascertain and determine at what point or place within said county it is most suitable and proper to erect a court-house." In compliance with this provision the commissioners met at Newbern on the 7th day of May, and after spending three days in "viewing" different locations, decided upon Newbern as the most available place. Thus it became the county seat and remained until 1890.

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