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Rockingham County, Virginia
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Towns in Rockingham County

Page 2

Mt. Crawford

It is said that Mt. Crawford was established by law in 1825. In 1835 and Act of Assembly was passed incorporating the Mt. Crawford Water Company. In earlier days the place was known as Mt. Pleasant, and perhaps also as Mt. Stevens. In the Rockingham Register of October 5, 1822, Dr. Wm. Frey respectfully acquainted his friends and the public generally that he had removed from his former residence to the house of Fred. Hoffman in the village of Mt. Pleasant on the Staunton road, 17 miles from the latter place and 8 miles from Harrisonburg. In Martin's Gazetteer of Virginia, for 1835, this is said concerning Mt. Crawford:

It contains 25 dwelling houses, 1 house of public worship free for all denominations, 2 common schools, 2 taverns, 3 mercantile stores, 2 tailors, 2 saddlers, 2 boot and shoe factories, 1 smith shop, 1 tin plate worker, 1 cabinet maker, 1 wheelwright, 1 cooper, 1 pottery, 2 milliner and mantua makes, 1 gun smith, 1 wagon maker, 1 manufacturing flour mill, and 1 saw mill. The North river is navigable for flat boats about three miles above this village, . . .

The bridges at Mt. Crawford suffered by the war and by the floods of 1870 and 1877, and their history would make an interesting chapter. In 1895 the town received its present charter. The population (1912) is about 400, with the following municipal officers:
Mayor - O.A. Layman.
Councilmen - J. H. Funkhouser, F. H. Lago, A.M. Pifer, J.C. Wise, M. Dean, W.F. Moyerhoeffer.

Among the various things to the credit of Mt. Crawford, not the least is the reputation it has won for enforcing law - particularly against reckless joy-riders.


Sparta (Mauzy)

The city of Sparta (Spartapolis) is ancient and honorable, whether in Laconia or in Rockingham. In 1831 our Sparta was established by law; it was a city 8 years later; that is to say, by an Act of the Assembly in 1839 its name was expanded to Spartapolis. In 1842, perhaps earlier, it was one of the county voting places. In the years leading up to and into the civil war it was frequently a place of muster. The present name is Mauzy, and the population is put down as 12.


Lacey Spring

A mile or two southwest of Mauzy, on the Valley Pike, is the village of Lacey Spring. Mrs. Maria Graham Carr says that her grandfather, john Koontz, built a house at Lacey Spring, in 1815, that was afterwards occupied by the Lincoln family; that he had a tanyard, operated by Isaac Hite; and that he also had a sawmill, not far from his house. The great spring that gushes out from the rocky hillside would certainly have afforded an abundant water supply for such establishments. Mrs. Carr also mentions a house of entertainment, first occupied by a Mrs. Patten, later in the hands of the Lincolns. In February, 1898, an old two-story log house at Lacey burned, which, according to the report then published, had been erected in colonial times, and had been kept by David Lincoln as an inn during the early part of the last century. The 100 people who live at Lacey Spring are among the most intelligent and enterprising in the county.



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The statements regarding the beginnings of Timberville are somewhat complicated. In 1814, when John Zigler located there, a log house, then old, stood on the west bank of the river. In the year mentioned Mr. Zigler opened a tannery, which, at his death in 1856, was said to be the largest in the county.He started a pottery in 1830, and also operated a hemp mill. It is said that Tobias Shull opened a blacksmith shop in 1820 at B.F. Crist's present stand, and that a Mr. Carnes started a mill in 1831. Early in the century, perhaps before 1820, Abraham Williamson, a brother of Dr. J.D. Williamson of Hardscrabble (above New Market), opened the first store, and the place was known as Williamsport.

This name would indicate that the river was being utilized for transportation. Another tradition says that Wm. G. Thompson founded Timberville. He was a prominent resident of the community as early as 1833, when he, John Zigler, and others were trying to get a free bridge across the river. The place was then called Thompson's Store. It is said that Thompson, in 1837, built the house now or recently owned by C. Fahrney. About 1850 the place was known as Riddle's Tavern. For many years, however, Timberville has been the accepted name, and the town was thus incorporated in 1884, with Jacob Garber, Chas. E. Fahrney, Wm. A. Pierce, John A. Roller, and Saml. C. Smucker as trustees.

It is said that one day in early times, a four-horse team and wagon broke down the bridge, at Timberville, with more serious results to the bridge than to the team. The third bridge, erected in 1840, washed away in 1842 or 1843. Then the river was forded till 1884, when the present bridge was built.

The population of Timberville (1912) is about 400. C.J. Smucker is mayor; Milton Whitener, clerk; B.F. Zirkle, treasurer; S.A. Henkel,. Sergeant; with J.A. Garber, W.B. Fahrney, D.S. Wampler, F.M. Bowman, F.H. Driver, and R.S. Bowers, councilmen.

May 22, 1909, the Harrisonburg Daily News printed an elegant illustrated supplement on Timberville.



The town of Broadway, at the junction of Linville Creek with the North Shenandoah River, and at the mouth of Brock's Gap, occupies a strategic point for trade. The beginnings of settlement and industry were probably made on the point of land between the creek and the river, at or near the Winfield residence. As early as 1808 the Custers had a mill there, and they were probably at the same time operating the store that for many years was kept in the old stone building adjacent to the Winfield house. The mill that Sheridan burned in 1864 was stone, and was likely the original one. During the period of Reconstruction the brick buildings now occupying the site, were erected for machine shops. Broadway.jpg (26627 bytes)

According to tradition, the name Broadway was adopted from the habit of the merry daredevils, who were accustomed to assemble at the place for carousals, of referring to themselves as on the "broad way."

In March 1880, Broadway was incorporated with Saml. C. Williams, P.W. Pugh, J.W. Basore, Michael Zigler, and M.B.E. Cline as trustees. Various changes in the charter and boundaries have been made since. The present (1912) population is about 700, and the town officers are the following:
Mayor - J.H. Nave.
Clerk - C.R. Whitmore.
Sergeant - G.W. Beaver
Councilmen - C.R. Winfield, G.S. Fultz, Claude Knupp, W.N. Williams, C.E. Miller, Oscar Orebaugh.


Cootes' Store

Cootes' Store stands above Broadway, at the actual mouth of Brock's Gap. The place bears its name from Mr. Samuel Cootes (1792 - 1882), for many years a prominent citizen of the county. In 1858 the place was made a voting precinct. For many years past it has been a postoffice. The population is about 30. [Be sure to check out the Cootes Store web site for more information and photos]



A short distance southwest of Cootes' Store is the village of Turleytown, said to have been founded by Giles Turley, who stopped there on his way to Kentucky - and remained there. In 1903 Dr. John S. Flory, of Bridgewater, published an interesting description of the old Turleytown blockhouse, which was erected in early times. The Turleytown Baptist church also has an interesting history. The population is about 40.


Text from "A History of Rockingham County Virginia" by John W. Wayland, Ph.D. - Published 1912
Photos from old postcards

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