Frontier Stations and Conditions in 1791

By Emory L. Hamilton

From the unpublished manuscript, Indian Atrocities Along the Clinch, Powell and Holston Rivers, page 206.

Colonel Joseph Martin writing to the Governor of Virginia, November 8, 1791:

Sir:
I do myself honor to lay before your Excellency the situation of the inhabitants near and between Walker's and Henderson's Line, from the North Carolina line on Blackstone Mountain to Moccasin Gap, 35 miles; from thence to Martin's Old Station, 25 miles; from thence to Martin's New Station, 20 miles; from thence to Cumberland Gap joining the Kentucky boundary, 2 miles, all of which is a frontier and greatly exposed to the Indians. This is the direct road leading to Kentucky.

Christmans' (Crissman's) Station is north of Clinch Mountain in Powell's Valley, which settlement begins about 4 miles east of said station; from thence thinly settled to Martin's Old Station, at, or near the said Station, about 100 souls, and about 4 miles north of Walker's Line. Martin's New Station and the neighborhood, about 50 souls. This Station lies between the two lines, all of which have been from the first settling enrolled in Virginia. That part which lies in Washington County is very thickly settled, being about three miles in width and 35 miles in length; were not enrolled in either State last July and is by no means exposed to the enemy. (Virginia State Papers, Vol. V.)



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