REVOLUTIONARY PENSION APPLICATION OF ABRAHAM CRABTREE

Law Order Book 10, Page 148
Jun 3, 1834

State of Virginia, County of Russell, ss.

On this 3d day of June in the year 1834, personally appeared in open Court before the County Court of Russell county aforesaid now sitting, Abraham Crabtree, a resident of the said County of Russell and State of Virginia, aged eighty four years, on the 6th day of the present month who being first duly sworn according to law doth on his oath make the following declarations in order to obtain the benefit of the provisions of the Act of Congress, passed June 7, 1834.

That he entered the service of the United States under the following named officers and served as herein stated, viz: in the year 1774 and in the latter part of the month of August of that year, (he being at that time a resident of Washington County in the State of Virginia), he belonged to a Militia Company then under the command of Capt. James Thompson, and by whom he was commanded to march in the latter part of the said month of August to a fort upon Clinch River then and ever since called and known by the name of Blackmores Fort. That they were then upon a spying expedition against the hostile Indians who were then committing constant depredations and massacres upon the frontier settlers upon the Western border of Virginia then in a condition almost defenceless. That he remained spying upon and defending that part of the frontier in the vicinity of the said fort for forty days and was then permitted to return to their respective homes without having any engagement with the Indians, who about that time killed and scalped a man by the name of Dale Carter and took five boys as prisoners, that he then remained at home a few days and was appointed a Sergent in the company of the said Captain James Thompson, and remained stationed in the immediate neighborhood of King's Saltworks for two months longer, at which time the soldiers who had marched from the same region of country against the Shawnee tribe of Indians returned, bringing with the intelligence that Col. Lewis had succeeded in defeating the Indians at the battle of the point, and his success in negociating a treaty of peace, and this putting an end to present difficulties, whereupon the said Abrahim Crabtree with his comrades in the service were then discharged and returned to their respective homes where they expected tp remain in peace.

that in the year 1776 in the month of June he the said Abraham Crabtree was appointed by Col. Arthur Campbell as an Indian Spy to range from Harrison's Fort in Washington County near the said Saltworks, up and down the valley of the North Fork of Holston River, and continued to range as an Indian Spy regularly from the time he commenced for the space of 80 days, at which time Col. William Christy ordered the said Crabtree with a small detachment to take up the line of march against the Cherokee Indians upon Tennessee river, with orders to rendezvous at the Long Islands of Holston River, at which place they joined the main army raised for that expedition under the command of the said Col. William Christy. At which time he belonged to the Company commanded by Capt. Aaron Lewis. That pursuant to his ordes he did rendezvous at the Long Island aforesaid and remained there three or four days and took up the line of march to the Indian towns and at the three springs he the said Crabtree was taken with what was then called the slow fever and being unable to march was sent back again under the care of Thomas Ramsey to the Long Islands where he was placed under Major Anthony Blucher who then had the command of the Fort at that place.The said Crabtree continuing very ill and altogether unable to perform any duty it was proposed that he should be committed to the Military Hospital. The said Crabtree being however unwilling to go to the hospital, obtained permission from Major Blutcher to be placed at the house of the said Thomas Ramsey about three miles distant from the said fort, at which place he remained from that time drawing his regular rations as a soldier in actual service until the last week in February 1777 when he was taken home by his brother and his own wife who came after him.

That in the summer of 1777 and also in the summer of 1778 he each year remained stationed at Harrisons fort and Vance's fort in the County of Washington, But was during that tiem measurably unable to render any essential service to his country except some garrison duty. That he has no documentary evidence of his services and never had any written discharge from his officers. That he can produce some evidence of his services if ever he shall be able to procure it but from his circumstances in life which are very limited and humble and from personal diability, he fears he will not be able to get the necessary proof in time to relieve him from his present wants. He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or an annuity, except the present, and declares that his name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any State. Swprn to and subscribed the day and year aforesaid.

Abraham Crabtree


The following data is from the pension file for Abraham Crabtree:

Service VA
Crabtree, Abraham
Number R 2418

Isaac Crabtree
Abraham Crabtree's pension declaration

State of Kentucky
Cumberland County
On this 8th day of November 1824 personally appeared in open court, it being the county court for Cumberland County, a court of records with power of fines and imprisonment, Abraham Crabtree of the said county aged 74 years, who being first duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the provisions of the act of Congress of the United States of the 18th of March 1818, the 1st of May 1820, and 1st of March 1823, that the said Abraham Crabtree enlisted in the service of the United States for and during the war against Great Britain on the ___day of September 1776 in the state of Virginia, Washington County, in the company commanded by Captain Aaron Lewis in the regiment commanded by Colonel William Christy or Christian in the line of the state of Virginia on the continental establishment
That he continued to serve in the service of the United States against the common enemy until he was discharged, but a previous to his discharge he was attacked by the fever at Long Island and during the process of his sickness and inattention acted imprudent and drank cold water, and the mercury which he before had taken operated upon him to the total loss of the use of his limbs for a while, but has now somewhat recovered, but who is entirely unable to support himself with his own labor
And the said Abraham Crabtree doth solemnly swear that he was a resident citizen of the United States on the 18th day of March 1818 and that he has not since that time to this date by gift, sale or in any other manner disposed of his property or any part thereof, with intent thereby so to diminish it, as to bring himself within the provisions of the acts of Congress of 18th of March 1818, 1st of May 1821, and 1st of March 1823, for the benefits of pensioners or revolutionists
That he has not nor has any person in trust for him, any property or securities, contracts or debts due him, nor has he any income other than what is contained in the with in schedule hereto annexed to wit One bed and furnishings $10.00, two cows $10.00, one axe $1.00, one shovel plough $2.00, one ___and one___$4.50.
_______________
$27.50
The said Abraham Crabtree further swears that his occupation is that of a farmer or planter, that he is weak, sickly, swelled in his limbs, so that he is entirely disabled from supporting himself with his own labor
He states that the number of his family living with him are two persons, viz, his wife, aged about 71 years, one daughter aged about 32 years
He further states that he has no other species of property whatever, excepting his wearing apparel, and were it not for his reduced circumstances in life, his entire ____ to labor, and no means to procure laborers with, he would not have made application to the general government for support
The reason why he did not before applied for a pension was he was measurably supported by his daughter, but which is not now the case, and himself and his wife, who are almost helpless, have to rely on the charity of the neighbors for subsistence
Abraham Crabtree
And from the testimony of Isaac Crabtree who is entirely creditable, the court are of the opinion he served in the service of the United States as stated in his declaration
And further that he is in reduced circumstances, and stands in need of assistance from the gov't for support
All of which is ordered to be copied and certified to the Secretary of War
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand as clerk of the county court for the county aforesaid and caused the seal of office to be hereto affixed in the town of Burksville this 8th day of November 1824
John E King
Kentucky
Cumberland County
I, Robert Galbraith, the presiding justice of the peace in and for the county aforesaid do certify that John E King whose name is subscribed to the above certificate is and was at the time and date thereof acting in the capacity therein specified, and that full faith and credit is and ought to be given to all his official acts as such, and that his attestation is in due form of law
Given under my hand at office in Burksville, this 18th day of November 1824
Rob't Galbraith jpcc

State of Kentucky
Clinton County
County court
March term 1844
On this the ___day of March 1844 personally appeared in court John Crabtree administrator of Abraham Crabtree, deceased, and after being duly sworn for that purpose on his oath makes the following declaration in order to obtain for and in behalf of the children heirs of Abram Crabtree,deceased, the amount of pension due said Abraham Crabtree at the time of his death under the act of Congress passed June 7 June 1832
He states that he is informed and believes that said Abraham Crabtree was a revolutionary soldier
The declarant having so understood from his earliest recollection, and the same being confirmed by the whole history of his said Abraham's life with which declarant has been familiar with from declarant's infancy
He believes that said Abraham Crabtree entered the service of the United States in the state of Virginia in Washington County in the year 1775 under Captain James Thompson, and entered service together with Isaac Crabtree, a brother of said Abraham, the said Isaac that that is now in the receipt of a pension, that is now living in the edge of Wayne County Kentucky, near Clinton County Kentucky, that said Abraham served in guarding the frontiers against the Indians, and stationed at Blackmores Fort in Washington County State of Virginia, and scouted from there Indians and was continually engaged scouting to various points and places, and to a place called the Flat Licks, and continued under said Thompson until about the 1st of November 1775, being over three months, as this declarant believes
That said Abraham engaged under Captain Aaron Lewis and went again as a soldier to Vances Station and there served while his said brother served at Fort Elgarden
That said Abraham served also this time with Lieutenant James Crabtree in guarding that place and in the surrounding country and frontiers and continued in service till last of November 1776 or about that time and became sick and much injured and continued unable to return home until in the spring of 1777
Declarant is fully convinced that said Abraham served a period in all not less than 12 month actual service as a militia soldier of the Virginia militia serving agreeable to call call, being called into service, agreeable to the regulations of said state;
Declarant further states that Isaac Crabtree, the brother of said of said Abraham, is much accustomed to talk of the matters of the services of himself and his said brother in said war, and that he has so often talked with this declarant of the services of said Abraham, that the history of the same is familiar with declarant, and declarant would further stated that this declaration as to the services is principally founded on the narrative of the said Isaac Crabtree, now a pensioner, though the same is substantially confirmed by corroborating facts and circumstance is known to declarant from declarants earliest recollection
Declarant would further stated that the said Isaac and Abraham, and others of the Crabtree family were reputed and known as faithful soldiers in said war in Virginia against the Indians, and that ___Isaac, was much esteemed as such, and though almost entirely illiterate, was a representative in the legislature of Kentucky from Wayne County Kentucky, and now deposes to the facts of the services of his said brother Abraham, that said witness has now a clear recollection (as declarant believes) of all the striking or prominent facts of Abraham's services Declarant knows of no record or documentary evidence of said Abraham's services
Knows of no other evidence by whom he can prove the actual service of said Abraham Crabtree, other than said Isaac Crabtree, his brother
That said Abraham Crabtree's children and heirs of his body namely Ruth Spear, and Solomon Crabtree, and Mary Crabtree. Said Ruth is dec'd were scatter and not remaining with him about the time of the act of Congress of the 7 June 1832 passed granting pensions passed and owing to his great age that he did not apply being old and infirm, incapable of business, one only daughter been with him namely Mary Crabtree
The said daughter left and came to said Isaac to get the evidence of Isaac to enable her to get the pension due as his right
That said Abram died in Russel county state of Virginia on the 2nd day of May 1838
That said daughter came to this declarant, a cousin of hers, a nephew of said Abraham, a son of said Isaac who is the brother of the said Abraham, and wished him to administer on the estate of said Abraham to enabled her and the other heirs of Abraham to get said pension.
This declarant further states that the said Mary Crabtree the said daughter of the said Abraham Crabtree died in Wayne County Kentucky on the 22nd day of August 1840 making this declarant executor to her last will and testament by which this declarant claims the control of her part of said Abraham's pension which I designed to forward with this declaration as part of the same
This declarant knows of no objection on the part of the other heirs of said Abraham to this declarant being the administrator to said Abraham, and believes that it would not be against their interest for him to administer in order to obtain the same
He believing that it would never be a obtained only through his exertions, the witness as to service being here, declarant understands that said deceased daughter was the only child seeking to obtain the same as known of declarant, and declarant is fully of opinion that said soldier wished said daughter to obtain the same
Declarant was informed and believed that said Abraham Crabtree was late in making application for a pension in his lifetime owing to the fact of his said brother Isaac Crabtree living a great distance from him in Overton County Tennessee and being able to prove his service by said Isaac
He, Abraham could not consistently apply for a pension without the affidavit of Isaac and owing the great distance they were apart, and the great age, and the fact of said Abraham being old and lame unable to attend to business, and being left with only one child with him to attend to any business, and said child a daughter to attend to it for him, and that owing such state of things that declarant is informed and believes is the reason that said Abraham did not apply for a pension in his lifetime.
This declarant lives in Wayne County Kentucky near Clinton County Kentucky, it being now most convenient to make this declaration in Albany, the seat of justice of said county, where his attorney now lives, and other circumstances rendering it most convenient for him.
This declarant further states that said Abraham Crabtree died leaving no widow
John Crabtree
Sworn to and subscribed in open court March 4th 1844
Rice Maxey cl/c

State of Kentucky
Clinton County
County court
March Term 1844
It was proved to the satisfaction of the court that Abraham Crabtree was a soldier of the revolutionary war in manner set forth in a declaration this day made in open court by John Crabtree that said Abraham died in Russel county state of Virginia on the 2nd day of May 1838 leaving no widow, but leaving a daughter Mary Crabtree and a son Solomon Crabtree, being his only heirs that said Mary has since died, having no children.
SM Keiton jp cc
W Craft jp cc
Mark Marlow jp cc

Kentucky
Clinton County
I, Rice Mazey, clerk of the county court for the county of Clinton aforesaid, do certify that at the March term of the said court 1844 to wit on the 4th day of March 1844 John Crabtree was appointed administrator of Abraham Crabtree dec'd for the purpose of procuring his pension, and that said John Crabtree took the oath required, acknowledged bond in the sum of $500 with Robert A. Dabney, security, with the proper conditions which is on file in my office
I further certify that said administrator John Crabtree made oath in open court to the facts stated and set forth in the foregoing the declaration for a pension And that SM Keiton, Wm Craft, and M Marlow esqs composed the court and signed the foregoing statements
And I do further certify that Aaron Beck esq whose signature appeares to the certificate of the affidavit of Isaac Crabtree is and was at the time of signing the said certificate a justice of the peace of said county of Clinton duly commission and qualified, and that the signature purporting to be his is genuine, and full faith and credit are due to his official acts
In the witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and private seal there being no seal of office provided at the clerk's office this 5th day of March AD 1844 and the 52nd year of the commonwealth
Rice Maxey clerk
Clinton County court

2418
Rejected
Abraham Crabtree

35701
Abraham Crabtree
Suspended
Let to Wm __ Dabney Sept 13 '44

Abraham Crabtree
Revo Ken.
Suspd see letters to M King Nov 21 1825: Sept 15 1830

35701
Abraham Crabtree
Ky
Act 7 June 32

(Copy)
I, Abraham Crabtree of Russel county and state of Virginia, do hereby make my last will and testament and manner and form following:
1st I desire that so much perishable property be sold after my decease to pay it all my just debts, and funeral expenses, if there be any.
2nd after the payment of my debts and funeral expenses I give to my son Solomon one cent
3d I give to my daughter Ruth Spears one cent
4th I give to my daughter Mary Crabtree all the balance of my perishable property, and all my debts due and to come due, also a certain tract of land lying in the state of Kentucky Cumberland County on the head waters of Sulpher Creek to her and her heirs forever, also one note on Morgan Richardson for eighteen dollars sixty two and a half cents; one note on Phillip Eden for six dollars 62 1/2 cents, one other note on James Watson for ten dollars, one other note on William Farmer for one dollar and 50 cents to be hers forever
And lastly I do hereby constitute and appoint my friends Mary Crabtree and William D Hurt, executors of this my last will and testament, hereby revoking all other or former wills or testaments by me heretofore made
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal
This 29th day of April in the year of our Lord 1838
Abraham Crabtree
Signed sealed published and delivered as and for the last will and testament of the above named Abraham Crabtree in the presence of us
Edward White
William McGran
At a court of quarterly sessions held for Russel county on the 5th day of June 1838, this instrument of writing was exhibited in court as and for the last will and testament of Abraham Crabtree deceased and proved by the oaths of Edward White and William McGran the subscribing witnesses thereto and ordered to be recorded, and on the matter of Mary Crabtree and William D Hurt, executrix and executor, them named who made oath and together with Mashack White and Richard Price their securities entered into and acknowledged a bond in the penalty of $200, conditioned as the law intends certificate is granted the said Mary Crabtree and William D Hurt for obtaining probate of the said will in due form
teste
James P Carrell
State of Virginia Russel county to wit
James P. Carrell, clerk of the county court of Russel county aforesaid in the state of Virginia do hereby certify that the foregoing is a true transcript of the last will and testament of Abraham Crabtree deceased, as the same recorded in the clerk's office of said county court and that the original will remain on file and is lodged in my office pursuant to the law of said state
In testimony whereof I hereto set my hand and annex the seal of the said court this 18th day of May 1840
James P Carrell clerk
Virginia Russel county to wit
I Harry Smith presiding justice of the county court of the county of Russel aforesaid in the state of Virginia do certify that James P Carrell who hath given the preceding certificate is clerk of the said court and that his attestation is in due form
Given under my hand this 22d day of May 1840
H Smith

State of Kentucky Cumberland County
September term 1825
This date came into open court Jacob Crabtree and Isaac Crabtree and made oath to the statements contained in the original pension declaration of Abraham Crabtree and particularly as to his circumstances and services therein stated
And William Cain and William Crabtree came into court and made oath to the statements contained in the amended declaration and to the credibility of the said Jacob and Isaac Crabtree all which is ordered to be copied and certified to the secretary of war
In testimony whereof I have hereto set my hand as clerk of the county court afsd and seal of the office in the town of Burksville this 2nd day of September 1830
M King
Kentucky Cumberland County
I, Granville Bowman, the presiding justice of the peace in and for said county, do certify that Milton King whose name is subscribed to the above certificate is the clerk of the county court for said county duly appointed and legally qualified, that his attestation is in due form of law and all his official acts are entitled to full faith and credit
Given under my hand this 2nd day of September ad 1830
Grandville Bowman jp

State of Kentucky
Clinton County
On this the 10th day of February 1844 personally appeared before me Aaron Beck, a justice of the peace in and for the county aforesaid Isaac Crabtree, a revolutionary pensioner living about 2 miles from me in the edge of Wayne County whose statements are entitled to full credit and after being duly sworn for that purpose on his oath makes the following affidavit to wit
That himself and his brother, Abraham Crabtree in the month of June or July 1775 ___in Captain James Thompson's to guard the frontiers and go against the Indians
He states that William Crabtree who was affiants and Abraham Crabtree's father with whom he there lived was then a citizen of Washington County State of Virginia
He states they were stationed at Blackamores Fort in Washington County Va, and scouted from there after the Indians
And was engaged in scouting out after them
And was in various places and to a place called the Flat Licks and continued under Thompson until about the 1st of November 1775, the exact time not recollected, but is positive that it was over these months that they were together on this scouting
Affiant further states that after they were done the first scouting that he and his brother parted and his brother Abraham went to Vances Station and affiant returned to Fort Eldgarden on Clinch river, a place about 20 miles to distance from his brother who went to Vances Station
Affiant states that his brother Abraham was placed under Capt Aaron Lewis and Leftenant James Crabtree and guarded that place and the surrounding frontiers
Affiant states that he was there several times at the station being Vances Station
Affiant states that as he returned from the campaigns about the last of November 1776 the day of the month not recollected, he affiant found his sd brother Abraham who was yet under the aforesaid Lewis and Crabtree, but his brother was sick at that place and is cap't had left him and marched _____with the column
affiant there staid with his sd brother 65 days
He- affiant states that his sd brothers leg inflamed and rose and made him a cripple all the balance of his life
He states that the bone was of ___his leg for more than 1 inch
Affiant, after staying as before stated and left his brother and further that his sd brother did not get home until March 1777
Affiant has a clear recollection that he served from the time he first went into the service he continued in service until he was taken sick in Sept 1776-with the exception of the winter months of 1775 Affiant can state particularly that he was in service with this exception which is more than one year
He further states that his said brother died in Russel county state of Virginia May 1838
Isaac Crabtree (his mark)
Sworn to and subscribed to this 10 day of February 1844 before me
Aaron Beck jp

189445
P office
Abraham Crabtree
Cumberland Ky
John E. King
Burksville KY
Rec'd 22 Oct 1825

Burksville Ky
Nov _______
Sir
This day I received the amended declaration of Abraham Crabtree and a blank form with a letter from J. L. Edwards requesting the original declaration -he says the evidence as to his services required by a letter of date 10th Dec'r 1824 must be produced
In the amended dec'n the services and circumstances of the applicant are proved and the credibility of the witness is proven who proved those facts I herewith return the amended dec'n and the original I forwarded eight days after I enclosed the amended dec'n which I hope you have rec'd
Respectfully yours
Milton King

Albany Kentucky
March the 8th 1844
Sir
I enclose to you in this letter the declaration of John Crabtree administrator of Abraham Crabtree deceased in order to obtain in behalf of the heir of said Abraham the amount of pension due at the time of his death together with the accompanying affidavits, and copies of the last wills of said Abraham and his daughter Mary Crabtree made out by said John Crabtree which he makes as part of his declaration You please to examine all the papers and report to me at this place
In his behalf I have the honor to be your most obedient humble servant
William J Dabney

State of Kentucky
Cumberland County
On the 12th day of September 18__in the county court of Cumberland, Abraham Crabtree personally appeared in the said court, it being a court of record, with power to fine and imprison, and filed the following declaration in addition to one filed by him ___ to, and of record in said court of the 8th of November 1824 and which he files as a supplement thereto:
He states on oath that the following is all the property he has owned and disposed of since the 18th day of March 1818 to wit
In August 1819 one cow and calf as for sold to Henry Rutledge
June 1819 one pair of chains for __barrels of corn to Joseph Spears, October 1820 one small bowl to John Roper for ___lbs of pork, September 1821 one ___as to Joseph Spear for 200 pounds of pork
In March 1822 one heifer to Rob't Swace for _barrel's of corn. May 1824 two yearlings for___work
May 1825 one heifer to Wm Cooper for _barrels of corn all of which said proceeds were used for his support and family. This declaration he prays may be considered and taken as a part and a supplement to his original declaration above referred to
Abraham Crabtree
This date came into open court Jacob Crabtree and Isaac Crabtree and made oath to the statements contained in the original declaration of the said Abraham Crabtree and particularly as to his circumstances and services
And William Crabtree and William Cain came into court and made oath to the statements contained in the above amended declaration and to the credibility of said Jacob and Isaac Crabtree
All of which is ordered to be copied and certified to the war department

Kentucky Cumberland County
I, Milton King, clerk of the county court for the county aforesaid, do certify that the foregoing is correctly copied from the record in my office
In testimony of which I have here to set my hand and seal of office in Burksville this 23d day of September 1825 and 34th year of the commonwealth aforesaid
Milton King
Kentucky
I, John M Emerson, the presiding justice of the peace in and for the county of Cumberland be certified that Milton King whose name is subscribed to the above certificates is and was at the time and date their of acting in the capacity there in specified and that his signature is entitled to due faith and credit and his attestation is in due form of law
Given under my hand at office in Burksville this 24th day of Sept 1825
JM Emerson jpcc

I, Mary Crabtree of the county Russel and if the state of Virginia do hereby make my last will and testament and manner and form following that is to say
1st I design that so much of my perishable property be sold after my decease to pay all my just debts and funeral expenses if any
2nd after the payment of my debts and funeral expenses I give my perishable property to my cousin John Crabtree of the county of Wayne and state of Kentucky my horse bridal and settle one note on Morgan Richardson for eighteen dollars sixty two and a half cents one note on Phillip Eden for six dollars 62 1/2 cents one other note on James Watson four $10.00 one other note on Wm Farmer for $1.50 to be his forever
3rd as to my real estate one tract of land lying in the state of Kentucky Cumberland county on the head waters of Sulpher Creek to be sold at the highest bidder and the money therefore to be given to my said cousin John Crabtree with all other debts due or to become due to him and his heirs forever
And lastly I do hereby constitute and appoint my friends John Crabtree and Isaac Crabtree Extrs of this my last will and testament hereby revoking all other or forever wills or testaments by me heretofore made
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand seal this 19th day of August 1840
Mary Crabtree (her mark)
Signed sealed published and delivered as and for the last will and testament of the above named Mary Crabtree in the presence of us
Absolem Davis
Sally Shelton


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