Scott County Historical
Scott County, Virginia
Patriot, Pioneer, Patriarch
Lane was born about 1735-42, probably near Baltimore, MD, and was one of
eleven children of Samuel and Jane (Corbin) Lane. His birth date is
uncertain, but he was on a tax list near Baltimore in 1763. He was the
grandson of Rev. Dutton and Pretitia (Tydings) Lane and Edwin and Mary
Jane (Wilkerson) Corbin. His grandfather, Dutton Lane was a Quaker
minister who became a Quaker after marrying into the Tydings family. His
great-grandfather was Col Samuel Lane, one of the early leaders of
little is known about Corbin's life before coming to the Northeast
Tennessee (then North Carolina) and southwest Virginia area in 1779-81.
His father, Samuel Lane, had numerous land transactions in Maryland and
the family was apparently prosperous, but no will or family Bible has been
found to prove the family members. Biographies of two of Corbin's
brothers, Rev Samuel Lane, Jr, of Pennsylvania, and Lambert Lane, of
Kentucky, have provided some clues of the family.
parents apparently spent several years in England in the early 1740's
because Lambert and Richard were said to have been born there. Lambert was
said to have married in 1760 while "living in the wild country among
the Indians" on the Susquehanna River, and there is one reference
that Samuel Lane bought land there after selling several tracts near
Baltimore about 1755. These stories suggest that Corbin may have spent
several years of his youth in a wilderness area around the Susquehanna
River and may explain the pioneering nature of the family. There are some
indications that Corbin was educated because he signed his deeds in Greene
Co, NC (now TN) and was involved in activities suggesting at least a
first known public record was his appearance on a tax list in Baltimore
Co, MD in 1763. Also present on the list were Samuel Lane Sr and Samuel
Lane Jr. The next listing was in 1773 on a tax list in Bedford Co, PA,
with his brothers Dutton and Samuel Jr. They were also at the same
location in 1779, but the next appearance of Corbin's name was on a tax
list in Washington Co, NC/Tenn in 1781 and when he purchased 250 acres of
land in Lee Co, VA (now Scott Co) on Feb 18, 1782.
Lane served the Revolutionary War in Sullivan Co and Washington Co, North
Carolina (now Tennessee) by providing supplies and services in 1782 and
1783 as proven by two pay vouchers, No. 279 dated 6/26/1782 and No. 1391
dated 6/12/1783. The details of his Revolutionary War services are not
known; DAR research has caused them to list him as a Patriot, but not
(yet) as a soldier as some other references has indicated. It is probable
that he participated in militia campaigns against the Indians that were
aiding the British in the war. There is no evidence that Corbin or Dutton
Lane participated in the battle of King's Mountain on Oct 7, 1780, so he
likely arrived in the northeast Tennessee and southwest Virginia area
after that date. Ten Lanes were in the battle.
is probable that Corbin and his brother Dutton came to Washington Co
and/or Greene Co, North Carolina (now Tennessee) together about 1780-81.
They likely traveled with other Maryland families that moved about that
time (notably, the Esteps and Lovells) and may have spent some time in
modern day North Carolina before coming to this area. They followed their
brother Lambert Lane who apparently came to the area in the early 1770's
and their first cousins Tidence Lane and John Fuller Lane who also came in
the early 1770's from the Yadkin River area of North Carolina. Tidence and
John Fuller Lane were close friends of William Bean, usually considered to
be Tennessee's first permanent settler in 1769. They had been neighbors in
Pittsylvania Co, Virginia and were neighbors near present day Gray,
Tennessee; there is some suggestion that they were also neighbors in
Maryland prior to the move to Pittsylvania Co, VA, in 1746. One researcher
has also suggested that William Bean's wife was a Lane, but no substantial
evidence has been found. Tidence Lane was the first preacher of a
permanent church in Tennessee, founding the Buffalo Ridge Baptist Church
at Gray about 1777. There is no indication that Corbin and Dutton Lane had
a close association with Tidence and John Fuller Lane, but they would have
obviously had some contact and would have been influenced by them. Tidence
was born in Maryland in 1724, and was thus several years older than Corbin
Lane likely lived on the 250 acres in Red Hill that he bought in 1782
until about 1786 when he got a land grant in Greene Co, NC/TN. Abraham
Lane was born January 18, 1783 in Russell Co, VA (now Scott Co) according
to his death record in Scott Co, VA. But all censuses report place his
birthplace in Tennessee. All evidence points to the death record being
correct, but Abraham would have identified to spending his youth in Greene
Co where the family lived 1786-1795. It is likely that the family had to
leave Virginia in 1786 because of the Indian attacks in southwest Virginia
at that time. As soon as it was safe to return to Virginia, the family did
so in 1795, and they returned to the same 250 acres at Red Hill that
Corbin had purchased in 1782.
indicates that Corbin Lane and his family lived the rest of his life on
the 250 acre farm in the present day Red Hill community north of Gate
City, Virginia. The southern border of the farm is about where the
present-day road passes the Benton and Vineyard Cemeteries and one corner
was near the present day Red Hill Methodist Church. This farm was on one
of the better farm sites in Scott Co, and is generally good land. The
exact home site on the farm has not been identified, but it probably was
at the springs in the valley and the same as where Abraham built a log
house in 1820 that was said to be one of the largest log houses in the
area; that house burned in 1943.
exact location of the home in Greene Co has not been determined, but it
was probably on Lick Creek between Greeneville and modern-day Baileyton.
Corbin probably lived in Greene Co before buying land in Virginia; he sold
150 acres on Lick Creek on January 14, 1783. Corbin bought and sold at
least five tracts of land in Greene Co. While in Greene Co, he was named
by court records on four occasions as part of groups to build roads; on
one occasion, he was named as the overseer of the project.
are few public records of Corbin Lane between 1795 and his death in 1816.
He has been thought to have been a land dealer because of his activity in
Greene Co, but few deeds have actually been found in Lee, Russell or
Washington Cos. In 1814, he was exempted from paying county taxes on
account of his age and bodily infirmities, and he was also exempted from
paying county poor rates and public tax for an aged infirmed slave called
Cuff. He signed the petition to form Scott Co in 1814. An aged slave woman
named Cuff was also named in Corbin's will in 1816, but there is no other
information about her.
wife was Frances "Fanny" Prock (or Brock, Frock or Proctor). Her
last name is from tradition since no public records of their marriage or
her parents has been found. We can speculate that she and Corbin married
in Pennsylvania or Maryland prior to moving to Tennessee and Virginia; if
she was from Pennsylvania or Maryland, her name was likely Proctor since
there were several well-known Proctor families in the area. William
Proctor was a judge in Bedford Co, PA in the 1770s. Another possibility is
that Frances was living in North Carolina and they married after Corbin
moved. Her first name appears on the death record of Abraham Lane, and she
testified in the Wolfe vs. Wolfe court case in Wytheville, VA. No record
of Frances has been found after Corbin's death except for the court
testimony. She likely would have lived with one of her children, or she
may have died shortly after Corbin. Most people think that Frances was
Corbin's second wife because of the gap of several years in the children's
birth dates between the early 1770s and 1778. Corbin and Dutton were
probably both widowed in Pennsylvania, then remarried in the late 1770s
and came to the area together. Dutton's first wife was named Mary, and his
second was Kezia. Kezia died at the age of 100 in Scott Co in 1850, and
her birthplace was given as Pennsylvania.
named only two sons, Abraham and Samuel, in his will and that has been
frustrating to researchers for many years, since he was thought to have
had at least ten children. They were as follows:
Elizabeth Lane, (b. abt 1765/70 - d. bef 1820), married Shadrach Estep.
She is a possible daughter. She had 9 children, including a son Corbin
Thomas Lane, (b. abt 1770 - d. 1792?), no information.
Mary Susan Lane, (b. 1771 - d.
1820/29), married Samuel Estep in Greene Co. They had 9 children.
Rachel Lane, (b. 1778/80), married Asa Pennington in Lee Co, VA, and lived
in TN, KY and IND. They had 7 children.
Abraham Lane, (b. 1/18/1783 - d. 2/28/1869), married Catherine Wolfe,
lived in Scott Co, VA. They had 14 children.
Samuel Lane, (b. 1784 - d. 1818/20), married Mary Speer, lived in Scott
Co, VA. They had 4 children.
Frances Lane, (b. 1780/90 - d. aft 1830), married John Williams, lived in
Scott Co, VA. She had no children.
Rebecca Lane, (b. 1788 - d. 1850/53), married John Penley, lived in Wayne
Co, KY. They had 10 children.
Ruth Lane, (b. 1790 - d. aft 1850), married Thomas Spears, lived in Floyd
Co, KY. They had 10 children.
Temperance Lane, (b. 1793/95 - d. aft 1860), married James Williams, lived
in Scott Co, VA. They had 10 children.
is a possibility that Catherine (b. 1778 in PA - d. 1855 in Scott Co) who
married John Peters was a Lane and another daughter of Corbin Lane.
Tradition in some branches of the family is that she was a Lane and John's
second wife. If she could be proven to be a daughter of Corbin and Frances
Lane, that would also prove that Corbin and Frances married in PA and that
Frances was likely a daughter of William Proctor.
first three of Corbin's children were probably born of his first wife.
Only Abraham, Samuel and Mary are proven children, but there are very
strong evidences that the others were his children. There are legends that
also suggest that William Lane and Benjamin Lane were Corbin's sons, but
circumstantial evidence indicates that they were Dutton's sons. Records on
the frontier during the late 1700's and early 1800's are very limited, but
we keep hoping that a conclusive document will be discovered soon to prove
all of his children. The search is also made difficult by the large number
of Lanes in this area in the early years.
of Abraham Lane's family are very fortunate that our lineage to Corbin
Lane is solidly proven, and anyone who has an interest in joining the
Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) or the Sons of the American
Revolution (SAR) can do so. So far, I have identified about 30,000
descendants of Corbin Lane. But there probably are more than 50,000
descendants and maybe as many as 100,000.