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Note: Noel Poirier of the Department of Historic Trades at the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation has graciously allowed us to publish his compilation of biographical information about Surry sawmill owners. Matthias Marriott is the first individual profiled here. Mr. Poirier plans to add information about other Surry sawmill owners in the future. Many thanks, Mr. Poirier!

Sawmill Proprietors of Surry County

by Noel Poirier     NPoirier@CWF.org

Matthias (aka Matthew) Marriot (aka Marriott, Merriott, Merrit)
Wier Neck, Grey's Creek, Surry County

Virginia Gazette (Dixon), 23 October 1779, 1:2

"To commence from the first day of January 1780, at which time possession will be given, the plantation whereon the late Mr. Matthias Marriott formerly lived, lying in Surry County, within one mile of the courthouse and on the head of Gray's Creek... The saw mill with her appurtenances and a 25 hogshead flat for the use of the saw mill will be included in the lease for this plantation..."

Matthias Marriot's sawmill, located at the head of Gray's Creek in Surry County, was probably constructed sometime between 1764 and 1766.
  • SURRY COUNTY WD (1754 - 1768)
    16 September 1755
    - named executor of brother William's estate along with sibling Benjamin Marriot

  • SURRY COUNTY WD (1754 - 1768)
    6 November 1755
    - inventory of brother William's estate included over 10,000 "boards" and 650 "garden pales"

  • SURRY COUNTY OB (1757 - 1763)
    20 March 1759
    - suit against Benjamin Taylor (farmer)

  • SURRY COUNTY OB (1757 - 1763)
    17 April 1759
    - suit against Benjamin Taylor

  • SURRY COUNTY OB (1757 - 1763)
    20 June 1759
    - suit against Benjamin Taylor dismissed

  • SURRY COUNTY OB (1757 - 1763)
    20 May 1760
    - presented and charged with running his [illegible] in the road

  • SURRY COUNTY DB (1760 - 1769)
    22 December 1763
    - Purchases land from Robert Grey of Edgcomb County, North Carolina
    - 287.10 for 800 acres at the head of Grey's Creek in Surry County
    - no saw mill or buildings mentioned in the deed of sale.

  • SURRY COUNTY OB (1764 - 1774)
    18 December 1764
    - makes motion to discern who is Caleb Trueblood's (administer of brother Benjamin Marriot's estate and Marriott's brother-in-law) security

  • SURRY COUNTY OB (1764 - 1774)
    15 January 1765
    - suit against Caleb Trueblood dismissed

  • SURRY COUNTY CO (1757 - 1785)
    18 June 1765
    - Mathias Marriott appointed overseer of "the road"

  • YORK COUNTY OB (1765 - 1768) p. 72
    16 June 1766
    - suit against John Ormeston for 35.5.3

  • YORK COUNTY OB (1765 - 1768) p. 82
    21 July 1766
    - suit against John Ormeston's (cabinetmaker) estate, ordered to pay 35.5.3
    - suit against Alexander Finnie

  • YORK COUNTY OB (1765 - 1768) p. 135 15 September 1766
    - suit against Armistead Lightfoot (York County Gentleman) for breach of promise

  • YORK COUNTY OB (1765 - 1768) p. 147
    20 October 1766
    - Benjamin Powell (carpenter) served as security for Marriot's bond
    - attachments to estate of John Ormeston

  • SURRY COUNTY WD (1754 - 1768)
    20 January 1767
    - received land in Surry County (Wier/Weir/Ware Neck) from father William Marriot's will
    - named sole executor of father's estate

  • SURRY COUNTY WD (1754 - 1768)
    15 August 1767
    - father's estate settled
    - evidence of trade with merchant house of Shepard & Cooper in Barbados and Benjamin Powell
    - estate paid by Benjamin Powell

  • YORK COUNTY OB (1765 - 1768) p. 484
    24 March 1768
    - suit against Fleming Bates (York County Quaker Tutor)

  • SURRY COUNTY OB (1764 - 1774)
    20 June 1769
    - suit against Richard [illegible]

  • WEBB-PRENTIS PAPERS (1757 - 1780) M-116
    April 1773
    - Marriott provided 40 worth of plank to Philip Moody (Prentis' credit?)

  • SURRY COUNTY OB (1764 - 1774)
    27 April 1774
    - suit against Adam Cornwell [?]

  • SURRY COUNTY WD (1768 - 1779)
    25 October 1774
    - Marriot's will is recorded
    - mentions his sawmill and gristmill
    - mentions a boat under construction for use of the sawmill
    - mentions sawmill's oxen, wheels, chains, carpenter and cooper tools
    - wife Elizabeth, sons William and Thomas, daughter Sarah (Sally)

  • SURRY COUNTY CO (1775 - 1785)
    22 August 1775
    - Thomas, William and Sarah Marriott select their mother Elizabeth Marriott as guardian.

  • SURRY COUNTY CO (1775 - 1785)
    26 September 1775
    - male laboring tithables of Matthias Marriott added to the company working on Bland's Road

  • SURRY COUNTY CO (1775 - 1785)
    26 September 1777
    - Matthias Marriott's estate ordered audited and settled

  • SURRY COUNTY OB (1775 - 1785) p. 44
    26 August 1777
    - Marriot's estate ordered to be appraised

  • SURRY COUNTY WD (1768 - 1779) p. 475 - 476
    23 September 1777
    - Marriot's estate settled
    - estate owed Williamsburg resident James Geddy (silversmith) 25 shillings 2 pence
    - estate owed Williamsburg resident James Anderson (blacksmith) 85 shillings 7 pence
    - estate paid by James Taylor (York County carpenter) 21 shillings
    - estate paid by Williamsburg resident John Mead (merchant) 21 shillings
    - estate paid by Williamsburg resident Benjamin Powell (carpenter) 16.6.7

  • SURRY COUNTY CO (1775 - 1785)
    24 August 1779
    - William Gray (Marriott) and Thomas Marriott selected Jacob Faulcon their guardian

  • VIRGINIA PUBLIC CLAIMS (Surry County)
    March - May 1782
    - Elizabeth Marriott - 30 lbs. beef, 22 gallons brandy and cask, 325 lbs. beef, freighting 6749 lbs. bacon and 80 lbs. pork to College Landing, freighting 15531 lbs. bacon from Cabin Point to College Landing, 9.10 for damages sustained in corn, pea and potato fields by a regiment of Brunswick County Militia under the command of Col. Richard Elliott during September and October 1781
    - Thomas Marriott - 578 feet of plank

  • SURRY COUNTY CO (1775 - 1785) p. 175
    23 October 1782
    - William and Thomas Marriott (Jacob Faulcon Guardian) and Carter & Sarah (Marriott) Crafford sued Elizabeth Marriott for a change in the distribution of their father's slaves.

  • SURRY COUNTY CO (1775 - 1785) p. 276
    25 November 1783
    - Elizabeth Marriott sued John Logan
    - Jacob Faulcon as Thomas Marriott's guardian sued John Logan
    - William Marriott sued John Logan

  • SURRY COUNTY CO (1775 - 1785) p.327, 331
    26 May 1784
    - Elizabeth Marriott sued Nicholas Faulcon
    - William Marriott sued by Carter Crafford on behalf of Elizabeth Marriott
    - William Marriott sued by Jacob Faulcon on behalf of Thomas Marriott

  • SURRY COUNTY CO (1775 - 1785) p. 336
    23 June 1784
    - Thomas Marriott and wife Nancy (Cocke) sued Thomas and Susanna Cocke's estate for redistribution of slaves

  • SURRY COUNTY CO (1775 - 1785) p. 377
    27 October 1784
    - Jacob Faulcon on behalf of Thomas Marriott sued John Logan and William Proce

  • SURRY COUNTY CO (1775 - 1785) p. 410
    23 March 1785
    - Elizabeth Marriott's suit against John Logan dismissed

  • SURRY COUNTY CO (1775 - 1785) p. 430
    25 May 1785
    - Jacob Faulcon on behalf of Thomas Merriott sued Samuel Smith

  • SURRY COUNTY CO (1775 - 1785) p. 472
    28 December 1785
    - Surry County Precinct 31 began at "Thomas Marriott's Mill" on Weir Neck.

  • SURRY COUNTY W #1 (1792 - 1804) p. 78
    3 December 1794
    - Inventory of Thomas Marriott, deceased
    - Included crosscut saw, 2 old whip saws, 4 iron chains, iron wedges, walnut plank, a pair of large carry log wheels, 2 ox carts and a pair of wheels, axes and a canoe.


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