Private, Company E, 21st Virginia Cavalry (CSA), enlisted 1863.
Private, Colley’s Company, 45th Battalion Virginia Infantry, enlisted 1864.
Private, Company B, 2nd Virginia State Line
Filed for a Confederate Pension with the State of Virginia
while a resident of Allen, Dickenson County, VA. States that he was 80 years
old, born in Russell County, VA, in 1925. That he served in Company E, of
the 21st Virginia Cavalry under Colonel William E. Peters and Captains, Ezekiel
K. Counts and J. S. Colley. States he enlisted in Lebanon, VA in 1862 and
“left about the end of service.” Needs his pension because of rheumatism,
old age and poor eyesight. Solomon Colley attests to his service
On November 12, 1925, Solomon Colley makes the following
statement: “Jasper Sutherland was in the war service with me all through
the war and being in detached service in Buchanan County in 1865 for the
purpis of capturing outlaws.”
His widow, Louisa, files for a Widow’s Pension in 1936,
stating that she was 88 years old, born in what is now Stratton, Dickenson
County, VA and that she lives with her granddaughter, Nancy Belle Sutherland.
She states that Jasper died June 18, 1936 in Dickenson County, VA of old
age. They were married January 29, 1866 in Stratton by James W. Smith.
In his recollections (1930) he related some of Company E’s military exploits:
I served in the Confederate Army during part
of the war. I went in at Sandlick, during the summertime, probably in 1863.
At that time James Colley was Captain of my company and Zeke Counts was Major.
A short time after I joined, my company was called on to fight Burbridge
as he came back from his first attack on the Salt Works. About 60 of us went
to the Lavisa River below Grundy, but above Rock Lick, and waited for them
to come back. We lay by the road one night and cut trees in the road to block
the Yankees. We didn’t take any provisions with us, so next morning we strung
out in the neighborhood to get some breakfast. Then Major Zeke, William Grizzle,
Mack Owens and me went to see the blockade. The Yanks were there in full
force. We darted back into the woods, but they saw us and followed and nearly
surrounded us. We went further into the woods and hills and got away. Major
Zeke, Bart Yates and I went up the river and saw some more Yankees. They
got after us again and we had to run and scatter. Lige Rasnick was in my
company. It was awful hot and we had run and scrambled over the rough hills
so much that we were tired out. William Grizzle suggested that we hide for
awhile, but I said, “No.” Major Zeke came up just then and said that the
Yanks had caught Lige Rasnick and maybe had killed him. We got down closer
to the road and hid behind some big rocks and saw about 4000 Yanks go by.
Some of the Yanks were Negroes - a company or two of them. We fired at the
Yanks and they fired back at us. The bullets flew awful thick and glanced
off the rocks and made the dirt fly all around us. Mack Owens was behind
a tree, but the bullets came too thick and made it too hot for him, making
the bark fly off his tree. So he ran back to us and hid behind the rocks.
We heard the Yankee officers say, “Go up that hollow and surround them.”
We saw a big company coming, so we scaled up the hill and went back down
on the other side fo the bend to the river again. Here we saw they had Lige
Rasnick a prisoner. Major Zeke and some of us fired again at the Yankees
and they fired back. This drew their attention, and Lige jumped over the
river bank and went down a kind of slip fifty yards or more to the river
where he jumped in and swum across and got away. The Yankees didn’t shoot
at him until he got nearly to the river, but they let go at him plenty then,
but didn’t hit him at all. None of us were hurt. The Yanks went on down the
river, where they met Uncle John Colley and Sol Colley. The Colleys ran and
the Yanks chased them a little. Sol stumped his toe and fell down and the
Yanks hollered a lot. This made Sol made and he got up and ran off. When
they got to the top of the hill, Uncle John Colley said, “Let’s take another
shot.” And they did.
Our colonel was Bill Smith of West Virginia. Colonel Peters
was not with us when I was in service. I have heard of him though. One day
we were fighting the Yankee Home Guard about six miles this side of Guyandotte
River in Logan County. Some of the men were hard to keep in line. That day
a Sloos broke ranks and threw us out of line. Yet we followed the Yanks about
five miles. Morgan Garrett was the Yankee Colonel. He and Colonel Smith lived
in two hundred yards of each other. I passed by both their houses. Bob Mason,
Jack Carter and _____ Carter was with me and we were close to Colonel Smith
most of the time. Colonel Smith called to Colonel Garrett: “Morgan Garrett,
stop and fight. This is Bill Smith, not Captain Pyles.” Captain Pyles had
been captured a few days before that.
Later on Guyandotte River, the Yanks had captured 9 of
our men. Colonel Smith rushed up and chased a Yankee a piece. He fired his
pistol at the Yankee, shooting off his thumb, his hat-band and hitting his
horse in the head, and then the Yankee surrendered. Another Yankee began
to beg, saying “don’t shoot me; I’m a citizen.” Colonel hit him over the
head with his pistol and broke it and told him he was a coward and not a
soldier like the other man was who fought as long as he could and was a brave
man. He went on with no load in his pistol and captured five more men. I
think was in the fall of the year - pretty soon after I went into service.
We stayed out there awhile, and then went down Guyandotte and got over into
Kentucky awhile. We soon come back home. I was on a few other tours but not
of any note. I didn’t go to Tennessee with my company. I got a permit to
come home and I was there at the time of the surrender. We were on duty mostly
as Home Guards. The Yankees in West Virginia and Kentucky had Home Guards
too and they sometimes made it hot for us.
No Yankees ever came through the Sand Lick Section as
far as I know. There was no bushwhacking on Frying Pay. Nearly all the people
here were for the South. Some Yankee sympathizers were Henry Sutherland,
John Kiser and Billy Barnett. There were no Yankee soldiers from this section.
Billy Barnett, living then over on Russell Fork, was in the Yankee army,
I believe, Andy Kiser and maybe some other Kisers from Dumps Creek was in
William Grizzle, Jeff Pressley and _____ were our lieutenants. Pa was Orderly Sergeant part of the time.
While we were at Louisa, Kentucky, we kept bantering the
Yankee army there to a fight, but they didn’t seem to want to fight. So Colonel
Smith said he would make them fight. He ordered us to kill a beef. I got
a piece of it and began to broil it at a fire we built up. Just about that
time, the Yankee home guard got after us. In the meantime, Mose Damron, who
was one of our men and lived there, took some of our men to his house near
the Yankee line. The Yankees surrounded them, but they got out. The Yankees
followed them to us and we had to hustle to get out of reach. They almost
shot us to pieces, many bullets passing through out clothing. One of our
men carried his hat in his hand as he ran and found twenty-five bullets through
his hat after the fight. All of us got away o.k.
Jasper was born February 1, 1845 in Russell County, VA,
died June 18, 1936 in Dickenson County, VA, son of William and Sylvia (Counts)
Sutherland. Married January 29, 1866 in Buchanan County, VA to Louisa Dyer,
born February 5, 1848 in Russell County, VA, died March 11, 1937 in Dickenson
County, VA, daughter of Simpson Holiday and Ritter (Burchett) Dyer. They
are buried in the Jasper Sutherland Cemetery, Dickenson County, VA.
They settled near the head of Hatchet Branch. This tract
of land, a gift to Jasper and Elijah from their father, included a house
in which the brothers had been “batching” for several years. Jasper bought
out Lige’s interest and in 1887 received a deed from his father for 700 Acres.
A new survey showed the tract contained 1002 acres. In 1930, he stated: “Some
years before the Civil War, a Hammons found some ore on McClure and took
it to Dumps Creek to a Shop (forge) where he ran out some metal that proved
to be silver. He hunted for the place but couldn’t find it again. He dug
a big hole a hundred or two feet deep on the south side of McClure below
the mouth of Roaring Fork. He couldn’t find any silver, got discouraged and
went West. Some of the Wamplers helped him build a big ladder. I went and
saw the hole while he was digging it. The old pit is still there. Sometime
later I was hunting wild cat near the same place - probably within 200 yards
of the place. There were three or four inches of snow on the ground, but
as I went around a little bench I found the snow off of about 75 square feet
of the ground and a pile of something like corn-cobs piled up where the snow
was off. I didn’t stop to examine them for my dogs were gettin’ close after
the wild cat. Later I remembered that the old man Hammons had found his silver
in just such a place and in a piece of rock just like a corn cob. I tried
to find the place again, but the snow was all gone off and I could never
find the place or the corn cobs.”
Jasper was a farmer, trader and merchant and served as
Supervisor of the Ervinton District in Dickenson County from 1889 to 1893,
1897 to 1899.
Children of Jasper and Louisa (Dyer) Sutherland were:
(1) Sylvia Plutina Elizabeth Sutherland married Edom Obed Kiser; (2) Jasper
Joshua Sutherland; (3) William Floyd Sutherland married 1st Didame Sutherland,
2nd Mary Hicks; (4) Ritter F. Sutherland; (5) Morgan Lipps Sutherland married
1st Agnes Humbert, 2nd May Wilcox, 3rd Rosina Agnes Sutherland; (6) Abigail
L. J. Sutherland married Dora Leftwich; (7) Simpson Holiday Sutherland; (8)
Jessee Columbus Sutherland; (9) Elihu Daniel Sutherland married Alcy Bessie
Sutherland; (10) George Cleveland Sutherland married Bertha McFall; (11)
Noah Rufus Sutherland.
Sources: Commonwealth of Virginia, Confederate
Pension Application of Jasper Sutherland; Pat Loftin; Pioneer Recollections
of Southwest Virginia by Elihu Jasper Sutherland and Hetty Swindall Sutherland,
pages 383-384, 393, Buchanan County Civil War Veterans; Meet Virginia’s
Baby by Elihu Sutherland, page 134; Confederate Soldiers of Dickenson County,
Virginia by Shirley B. Harrison, page 21.