Park, the shire town, and geographical as well as political center of the
county, lies in lat. 44º 37’, and long. 4º 26', bounded northeasterly
by Eden, southeasterly by Wolcott, southwesterly by Morristown, and northwesterly
by Johnson. It has an area of 23,040 acres, its boundary lines
being each about six miles in length, thus forming a square, which is set
diagonally, north and south. No changes have been made in the territorial
limits of the town since its original survey. It was granted by the
State, November 6, 1780, and chartered August 27, 1781, to Jedediah Hyde
and sixty-four associates, as follows:
Governor, Council and General Assembly of the Freemen of Vermont, to all
people to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:-
ye, that whereas Jedediah
Hyde, Esq., and his associates, our worthy friends, have by petition, requested
a grant of a tract of unappropriated lands within this State, of 6 miles
square, in order for setting a new plantation, to be erected into a township.
We have therefore thought fit, for the due encouragement of their laudable
designs, and for other valuable considerations, us hereunto moving, and
do by these presents in the name and by the authority of the Freemen of
Vermont, give and grant the tract of land hereafter described, and bounded,
unto the said Jedediah Hyde, and the several persons hereafter named his
Dennison, William Ledyard, Elihu Marvin, John Lamb, Elisha Edgerton, Samuel
Capron, Robert Hallam, Richard Deshon, Jr., Zacheus Lathrop, Frederick
Tracy, Asa Waterman, William Latham, Jonathan Brewster, Charles Lamb, Hezekiah
Edgerton, Ransford Rose, Richard Deshon, Samuel Lathrop, Jared Tracy, Simeon
Thomas, John Dorrance, Theophilus Rogers, Daniel Rodman, Roger Enos, Jr.,
Elisha Marvin, William Read, William Whitney, Nicholas Fossdick, William
Wattles, John McCn. Breed, William Hubbard, Elisha Bill, Lodwick Champlain,
Elijah Bachus, Thomas Mumford, Solomon Story, Henry Billings, Joseph Woodbridge,
Jabez Fitch, Henry Rice, Benjamin Taiman, ThomasJames Douglass, Ebenezer
Basto, Zabaiel Rogers, Thomas Chittenden, Zebediah Varnum, Elislia Lathrop,
Edward Latham, Ebenezer Witter, Peleg Hyde, Samuel Cardall, Daniel Coit,
Christopher Lessingwell, Augustus Peck, Araunah Waterman, John Davis, Giles
Mumford, Amasa Jones, Andrew Billings, Henry Woodbridge, Ebenezer Whitney,
Erastus Rossiter, Joseph Smith, Jedediah Hyde, Jr.,—which together with
the five following rights reserved to the several uses in manner following,
include the whole of said township, viz: one right for the use of a Seminary
or College; one right for the use of County Grammer Schools, in said State;
lands to the amount of one right to be and remain for the purpose of settlement
of a minister and ministers of the Gospel in said Township forever; lands
to the amount of one right for the support of the social worship of God,
in said Township; and lands to the amount of one right for the support
of an English School or Schools in said Township, which said two rights
for the use of a Seminary or College, and for the use of County Grammar
Schools, as aforesaid, and the improvements, rents, interest and profits
arising therefrom, shall be under the control, order, direction and disposal
of the General Assembly of said State forever; and the Proprietors of said
Township, are hereby authorized and empowered to locate said two rights,
justly and equitably, or quantity for quality, in such parts of said Township
as they or their Committee shall judge will least incommode the general
settlement of said Tract or Township. And the Proprietors are hereby further
empowered to locate the lands aforesaid amounting to three rights assigned
for the settlement of a minister and ministers for their support and for
the use and support of English Schools, in such and in so many places,
as they or their Committee shall judge well best accommodate
the inhabitants of said Township, When the same shall be fully settled
and improved, laying the same equitably or quantity for quality, which
said lands amounting to the three last rights mentioned, when located as
aforesaid, “shall, together with their improvements, rights, rents, profits,
dues and interests, remain inalienably appropriated, to the uses and purposes,
for which they are respectively assigned, and be under the charge, direction
and disposal of the Selectmen of said Township, in trust to and for the
use of said Township forever.
tract of land, hereby given and granted as aforesaid, is bounded and described
as follows, viz.: Beginning at the Northeasterly corner of Morristown,
then North, thirty-six degrees East, in the line of Wolcott, and Minden,
six miles—then North, fifty-four degrees West six miles—then South,
thirty-six degrees West six miles,—to the Northeasterly corner of Morristown
aforesaid,—then South, fifty-four degrees East, in the line of said Morristown
six miles, to the bounds begun at and that the same be, and hereby is incorporated
into a Township by the name of Hyde Park; and the inhabitants that do,
or may hereafter inhabit said Township and declared to be enfranchised
and entitled to all the privileges and immunities, that the inhabitants
of other Townships within this State do and ought by the law and Constitution
of this State, to exercise and enjoy:—
have and to hold, the said granted premises as above expressed, with all
the privileges and appurtenancies thereto belonging and appertaining to
them and their respective heirs, and assigns forever, upon the following
Conditions and Reservations, viz.: That each proprietor of the township
of Hyde Park, aforesaid, his heirs or assigns shall plant and cultivate
five acres of land, and build an house, at least eighteen feet square on
the floor, or have one family settled on each respective right, within
the term of four years next after the circumstances of the war will admit
of a settlement with safety, on penalty of forfeiture of each right of
land, in said Township not so improved, or settled, and the same to revert
to the freemen of this State, to be by their, represent- atives regranted
to such persons as shall appear to settle and cultivate the same.
all Pine Timber, suitable for a navy, be reserved for the use and benefit
of the freemen of the State."
Testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the
State to be affixed, this 27th day of August, Anno Domini, one thousand
seven hundred and eighty-one, and in the fifth year of our independence.
“By his Excellency's command
“ THOMAS TOLMAND., Sec'y.”
The surface of the town is very uneven,
and, in many parts, quite hilly, though there are no mountains. The lowest
portion is reached near the southern line, at the Lamoille River whence
the surface gradually ascends northwardly, until many localities assume
almost the character of a mountainous region. The village of North
Hyde Park, located in the northwestern corner of the town is, however,
little, if any, higher than the village of Hyde Park, located at the southern
line, upon a sand bluff, some seventy feet above the alluvium of the river.
With the exception of a few sandy plateaus, the largest of which is in
the eastern part of the town, crossed by the old Wolcott road, the soil
away from the river beds, is clay, and well adapted for wheat and grazing.
This is generally speaking, as the usual variety of soil may be found interspersed,
with the clay ground-work. Trees of a deciduous nature predominate,—
the pines being found upon the rough side-hills and on the sandy flats.
The sugar maple is very common, the original growth of this tree having
been quite generally spared. The principal river is the Lamoille which
flows across the Southern part of the town, then drops south into Morristown,
to enter Hyde Park, again in the southwestern part of the town. The other
streams of importance are Green river and Rodman brook, though there are
numerous minor brooks and streams, many of which afford excellent mill
sites. The most striking feature in the surface of thee township is the
cluster of ponds in the northeastern part. They vary in size froom one
to one hundred and fifty acres, and number about twenty. Great pond
is the largest. Most of them are supplied by springs beneath the surface,
and are the sources of brooks which ultimately reach the Lamoille
river. A few have apparently neither inlet nor outlet, and are entirely
surrounded by the primeval forest.
The geological structure of the territory
consists of an immense bed of talcose schist, cut by a narrow range of
clay slate, the latter extending through the whole length of the western
part of the town, from north to south. Gold is said to exist in small quantities
in the northwestern part. A bed of terre de seine has been worked in the
gorge of the Green river, and deposits of ochre have been discovered in
the same vicinity. Copper has also been found on the banks of that river,
and a mining company was once organized to develop the ore, though nothing
of importance was ever done. Sulphur and iron springs are found in different
localities. At North Hyde Park, a mineral spring of great strength exists,
emptying into the Gihon river, a branch of the Lamoille.
In 1880, Hyde Park had a population
of 1,715, and in 1882, was divided into fifteen school districts and contained
fourteen common schools, employing four male and eighteen female teachers,
to whom was paid an aggregate salary of $2,020.65. There were 528 pupils
attending common school, while the entire cost of the schools for the year,
ending October 31st, was $2,306.89, with H. M. McFarland, superintendent.
Hyde Park.—It was originally intended
by the proprietors that the village should be located where Albert M. Wittcomb's
farm now is, on road 18 cor. 6, and the village lots were actually laid
out at that point. Where the village now stands, the pine plain was laid
out in acre lots, in the second division, and each proprietor was entitled
to one village lot, and one pine lot. The townhouse was first located at
Centerville, and it does not seem to have been anticipated the principal
business of the town would ever be located at the southwest corner. Its
growth, however, can be accounted for in the fact that its site is located
upon a fine plateau, elevated above the surrounding swamps, on the main
thoroughfares of travel in all directions, and commanding fine views of
hill and valley scenery.
In 1807, Nathaniel P. Sawyer erected
a mansion at the head of Main street, which is yet standing, the oldest
dwelling in the village. The next house was built in 1808, by Aaron Keeler,
and is now occupied by his descendants. Soon after, in 1809, a house was
erected at the western terminus of the village. Thus the growth continued
gradually, until the establishment of the county seat at this point. The
erection of the jail and court-house, in 1836, gave new life and importance
to the growing settlement. Previous to this, a store had been kept
for many years, by Oliver Noyes and his son, Breed, on the
old Noyes place. There the postoffice was kept, the business rendezvous
for several years; but in 1836, the trade was at the village. According
to Thompson'sVermontthere were in Hyde Park street, in 1840, twenty dwellings,
two stores, three hotels, and several mechanics shops. There are now about
sixty dwellings, one hotel, two churches (Unionand Catholic), five stores,
and shops of various kinds, besides the county buildings, town hall and
academy building. The hotel, the American House, the best in the
county, was built by a company organized for that purpose, in 1858.
Central Academy was organized in 1857. School was opened in the fall of
1858, taught by H. Henry Powers, now one of the judges of the supreme court
of Vermont. Among the later instructors in the school have been
H. B. Chittenden, who taught the school six years, and is now principal
of Swanton Academy; H. M. McFarland, who had charge of the school
three years; H. S. Wilson, now principal of People's Academy, at Morrisville,
and R.W. Hulburd, the present principal. The present board of trustees
are Waldo Brigham, David Randall, E.B. Sawyer, George L. Waterman, and
North Hyde Park, a post village located
in the northwestern part of the town, boasts a very rapid growth.
In 1859, there were no signs of a village on its present delightful site.
The first settlers in the vicinity were David Wood, David Holton, Marvin
Glasure, Daniel Bullard, and Joseph Ferry, who came there over sixty years
ago, Previous to 1840, a saw-mill had been erected on the Gihon river,
by Daniel Ferry, and at that time, 1840, the county road was laid out through
the place, extending, as such, from Johnson, up to Orleans county, via.
Eden, when the place was first called North Hyde Park, containing five
or six families. Up to 1865, there were added to the place about fifteen
dwelling houses, one starch factory, one store, and hotel, one church,
and a blacksmith, wheelwright, and cooper shop. The village now has a good
hotel, two churches (Union and Congregational), several manufactories,
several stores, and about forty dwellings.
Centerville, a hamlet located in the
central part of the town, contains one store, and about half a dozen dwellings.
Haskinsville, a hamlet located near
the head of Green river, has one saw mill, and four dwellings.
The Lamoille County Bank, located at
Hyde Park village, was chartered by the legislature in 1854, with an authorized
capital of $75,000.00, and commenced business the following year, May 11,
in the building now occupied by Judge Small, with a paid up capital of
$50,000.00. Lucius H.Noyes was made president, and Carlos S. Noyes,
cashier. Previous to this the business of the county had been transacted
with banks at Burlington, St.Albans, Montpelier, and Waterbury. Considerable
opposition to the establishment of the institution was encountered at first,
owing to the fact that some of the directors of the Waterbury bank
were residents of this county. This opposition was of short duration, however,
and the bank was soon in a prosperous condition. July 1, 1865, the bank
was reorganized as "The Lamoille County National Bank," and the capital
increased to $150,000.00, with Lucius H. Noyes, president, and Albert L.
Noyes, cashier. In 1868, the present commodious bank building was
erected of brick, which is supplied with a fire-proof vault, secured by
a time-lock. The president dying in February, 1877, his brother Carlos
S. Noyes, of Morrisville, was elected to the vacancy, and C.S. Page made
vice-president. They, with A.L. Noyes, cashier, constitute the present
list of officers. The board of directors is as follows: C.S. Page, A.L.
Noyes, of Hyde Park; C.L. Noyes, H.H. Powers, P.H. Gleed, of Morristown;
George Wilkins, of Stowe; and Henry Smiley, of Cambridge. The annual election
of officers is held on the second Tuesday in January. Of the first board
of directors only George Wilkins, of Stowe, is living.
Vernon Jewett’s wagon, carriage, and
sleigh manufactory, located at Hyde Park, was established, in a small
way, about 1876. In 1881, he built the commodious shop he now
occupies. He employs seven hands, and during the season of 1882, he manufactured
forty lumber wagons, in addition to much other work.
& Co.'s carriage manufactory, located on Church street, was established
in 1860. The firm now employs several hands, and does a business of from
$8,000.00 to $10,000.00 per year.
creamery, located at Hyde Park, was established in 1882 by Hinckley, Ayers
& Co., of Boston, using the old starch factory building. The factory
uses the milk from 400 cows, though it has the capacity of using that of
600 cows. It is the only creamery in the county, and is superintended by
C.J. Patch's saw-mill located
in the western part of the town, on the Gihon river, was built in 1879,
by Peter Cox. It, has the capacity for cutting 500,000 feet
of lumber and a large quantity of shingles and clapboards per annum.
Orso Hadley’s cider-mill, located
on road 34, built in 1875, has the capacity for manufacturing sixteen
barrels of cider per day.
Foss & Robins's saw-mill, located
on the Gihon river, in North Hyde Park, cuts 600,000 feet of lumber per
year, in addition to a quantity of clap boards and butter-tubs. The mill
is also supplied with lumber dressing
Marquis D.L. Peck's clapboard and saw-mill,
located on road 13, built in 1868. It has the capacity for sawing 5,000
feet of lumber per day.
Haskin's saw-mill, located on road
9, built in 1881, has the capacity for cutting 15,000 feet of lumber per
day, and is, supplied with planing and matching machinery. Mr. Haskins
has another mill on Great pond, rebuilt in 1870, which cuts 6,000 feet
of lumber per day and which has a clapboad-mill.
C.S. Page’s saw-mill, located
in the northern part of the town, rebuilt in 1881 saws 1,000,000 feet of
lumber annually, employing eight hands.
Warren Brothers' saw-mill, located
on road 39, on Mill brook, was originally built by Samuel Wiswell
and rebuilt by Warren Brothers in 1879. It has the capacity for cutting
800 feet of lumber per hour.
Capt. Jedediah Hyde, after whom the
town was named, explored the wilderness of northern Vermont, with his son,
Jedediah, Jr., in 1781, or previously, as that is the date of the town
charter, and surveyed the boundaries of the township. There is a tradition
that the name of the town, in the first charter drawn, was Wilkes; but,
in compliment to Capt. Hyde, who was principally instrumental in procuring
the grant, a new charter was made before the copy was placed on record,
and the name changed to Hyde's Park. By common consent, or general
usage, the " s " was gradually dropped from the name, until "Hyde Park"
became the universal manner of spelling and pronouncing it. The list of
grantees was made up largely among the personal friends and acquaintances
of Capt. Hyde, in Norwich Conn., and vicinity. Many of them had distinguished
themselves in the army and navy, and were generally men of intelligence
The first settler in the town wasJohn
McDaniel, of Scotch extraction, his name being a corruption of McDonald.
In person, Mr. McDaniel was unusually large and commanding, being some
six feet two or three inches in height,—the very ideal of a backwoods pioneer.
His name will long be held in remembrance in Hyde Park. He reached the
town with his family, July 4, 1787, and immediately proceeded to erect
a log house. This was, in the eyes of the early settlers, a handsome structure,
being made of the best spruce logs, the bark peeled off, and the roof made
partly of large shingles. The floors were of basswood planks, split and
hewn. This elegant structure—for such it then by comparison was—was located
upon the farm now owned by Terrence Finnegan, about a mile west of Hyde
Park village, on road 55, His house became the headquarters and the temporary
home of those who came after McDaniel, he being almost a father to
the growing settlement. When the Hubbells, the Joneses, the Taylors,
and the Guyers, of Wolcott, came up to prospect and to effect a settlement,
John McDaniel's house was their resting-place, until they could look about
and commence fairly for themselves. So especially of the early settlers
of Hyde Park. When Jabez Fitch arrived he was welcomed and treated
with great courtesy and kindness. When their meagre stores of provisions
were exhausted, as often happened to the settlers, especially during their
first year, they supplied themselves at McDaniel's, who did not seem
to calculate whether he should be paid, but considered only their necessities,
trusting to their honesty. The old house was finally superseded by a more
commodious structure, where Mr. McDaniel kept a hotel for many years.
He died August 12, 1834, aged eighty-six years, and was interred in the
old cemetery on the Hyde place. His only daughter became the wife of Gamaliel
During the season of Mr. McDaniel's
settlement here he was joined by William Norton and family, from
New York, and they were the first families to winter in the town. They
were joined the next year by Capt. Hyde, Peter Martin, Jabez Fitch, Esq.,
and sons, and Ephraim Garvin. These pioneers were joined within a few years,
by Aaron Keeler and family, Truman Sawyer, Hon. N. P. Sawyer, and
others with their families. The first settlers suffered all the privations
of a life in the wilderness. The nearest grist-mill was at Cambridge,
eighteen miles distant. In 1792, there was a saw and grist-mill erected
in the adjoining town of Wolcott, by Hezekiah Whitney. After the town was
organized, in 1791, for a period of thirty years its growth was very rapid.
Numerous proprietors' meetings were
held—all of them at John Mc-Daniels house—up to the year 1814, the last
record appearing with the date, "December 30th". Nothing of
especial interest to the reader appears in these records, the proprietors'
meetings seeming to have been held, as appears in their warnings, principally
for "making further divisions of land," and “raising money to defray
the expenses thereof." The original records were copied in
a durable blank book, by Jedediah Hyde, proprietors’ clerk, Nathan P. Sawyer,
justice of the peace and proprietors' clerk, and by Aaron Keeler, town
and proprietors' clerk. The handwriting of the latter is unusually handsome,
bold and uniform.
All of the written authorities, as
far as we have been able to learn, have it that the town was organized
in 1791; but the first entry in book number one of the town records is
dated March 31, 1794. At this meeting John McDaniel was chosen moderator;
Jabez Fitch, town clerk; and John McDaniel, Peter Martin, and Aaron
Keeler, selectmen. No other officers seem to have been chosen that year.
At a meeting held March 22, 1802, a
tax of one cent on the dollar of the grand list was made, "for the purpose
of securing a standard of weights and measures, guide-posts, sign-posts,
and books for the records of said town."
At a meeting held March 13, 1804, it
was voted "that the town should be divided into three school districts,"
and "that the two-mile tree beyond the guide-board on the Eden road, should
be the boundary line for the north district, and Mill brook the boundary
line between the easterly and westerly districts."
At a meeting held March 25, 1805, it
was voted "that there be a committee appointed in each district to choose
land for burying the dead, and make report of their choice of ground for
that purpose by the first day of June next." Thomas W. Fitch, David Clement,
and Truman Sawyer were appointed as such committee for the eastern district;
Jedediah Hyde, Oliver Noyes, and Darius Fitch, for the west district. The
committee for the west district reported their choice of a quarter acre
on lot No. 71, first division, "on that part of the lot adjoining the main
road south of the school-house." The east district committee " selected
on the third division, lot No.17, and on that part now owned by Mr. Cyrus
Hill, adjoining the main road," and "that one-quarter acre be sufficient,"
also that "Mr. Hill will convey the premises for the consideration of $400.00,
provided the town will engage to hereafter maintain the whole of the expense
that shall be rendered necessary to enclose the said ground."
At a meeting held September 2, 1806,
it was voted "that the selectman be, and are hereby, requested and empowered
to lease to Mr. David Brown the southerly half of the first division lot
of the Social Worship Right (so called), in this town for the rent of nine
cents per acre, payable annually on the first day of January, in wheat,
rye, or Indian corn, the first payment to be made the first day of January,
A. D., 1812: said lease to run as long as grass grows and water runs; and
that said Brown shall, on pain of forfeiture of his lease, clear, or cause
to be cleared, and put under good improvement, five acres of said southern
half of said lot, in two years from the passing of this vote."
In 1819, at a special meeting, March
31st, the town voted to "hire preaching with the Social Worship money,
and that Elder Jabez Newland, David Clemens, and Robert Hastings, be employed
to preach it out, said money to be divided according to the different societies
in said town."
The survey of the road leading from
Wolcott to Johnson, through HydePark, was recorded September 27, 1800.
The survey of the road east of Darius Fitch's, leading from Hyde Park to
Morristown, intersecting the road leading through Morristown and Stowe,
was recorded September 27, 1800. The survey of the road leading from the
main east and west road, to Morristown, was recorded October 1, 1800.
The first births in town were children
of Capt. Hyde, — Diadama, born June 17, 1789, and Jabez Perkins, born June
12, 1791. The first death was that of David Parker, who was killed by a
log rolling upon him, about 1806. He was a son of Capt. Hyde's second wife,
by a former marriage. The first minister who preached in town, was Lorenzo
Dow. The first school was kept by Elizabeth Hyde, in Judge N. P. Sawyer's
barn, about the year 1800. John McDaniel, Capt. Hyde, Aaron Keeler, Truman
Sawyer, and Jabez Fitch, served most frequently during the first years
as moderator of the town-meetings, or on the board of selectmen. For a
few years, the election of officers comprised all the business transacted
at the town-meetings, and this list was short, consisting of moderator,
clerk, three selectmen, and constable. The "meetings were held in private
houses,—the dwellings of Jabez Fitch, Darius Fitch, John Searle, and Oliver
Noyes, serving as town halls,—the latter being the usual resort from 1804
until 1818, when houses were used for the purpose until 1835, when a town-house
was erected, "on the north side of the road, at the four corners, on land
owned by Mr. Theophilus W. Fitch." At a meeting held March 3, 1857, the
following resolution was adopted:—
Resolved, That the inhabitants do remove
their holding of town and free-men's meetings hereafter, to Hyde Park street;
that the town vote to build a suitable building, or town hall, for the
same-that there be room for a high school or academy in the upper story,
for which the said village of Hyde Park agrees to contribute $500.00; and
that said town borrow of the surplus fund a sufficient sum to defray the
remainder of said expenses of erecting completing, and finishing said building.
That the same be paid back to said surplus fund, in four annual installments,
at such periods as the town may hereafter direct.
The vote on the passage of this resolution
stood 107 to 100, in the affirmative. Much dissatisfaction was expressed
at this action by those residing in the eastern part of the town, but the
resolution was adopted.
Francis Smalley, from Norwich Vt.,
made the first settlement on the farm now owned by Ira Cobleigh, on road
21. He married Martha P., daughter of Capt. Hyde, the union being blessed
with six children, three of whom now reside at Hyde Park village, Abel
P. Diadama, widow of L. H. Noyes, and Martha M., wife of Hon. R. S. Page.
Mrs. Smalley died in 1852, and Francis died June 8, 1857. Abel P., was
born on the old homestead in 1819. He married Fannie Hodgkins, of
Westfield, Vt., by whom he reared a family of six children—four sons and
two daughters. Mrs. Smalley died in 1854. and Abel was again married to
Mary A. Kay, of Troy, Vt., the result of the union being one daughter.
Mr. Smalley has been engaged in mercantile and lumbering pursuits, and
has been a justice of the peace since 1876.
son of Darius, was born here in 1811, on the old Fitch farm, now owned
by his son, Vernon D. Erastus married Sarah Brigham, of Morristown,
reared a family of three children, and died in 1845. His wife survived
him ten years, dying in 1855. Vernon D. was born on the old farm in 1840,
and married Elizabeth Sumner of Troy, Vt. The Fitch family is one of the
oldest in the town, Jabez Fitch having made the first settlement on the
old Fitch homestead, The house now standing thereon, built by Darius, was
raised the day after the battle of Plattsburgh, in 1814.
Josiah Jones made the first clearing
on the farm now owned by his son, Lorenzo P., on road 4. He reared a family
of eight children, and died February 14, 1870.
Oliver Noyes made the first settlement
on the farm now owned by his grandson, Edgar Noyes, on road 47. Oliver's
son, Breed, kept the first store in the town, in the old house yet standing
on the farm. Breed died December 28, 1834. Edgar was born on the
homestead in 1818, married Jane Cook, and has three children.
Nathaniel P. Sawyer, from Haverhill,
Mass., came to this town in 1790, and located at Hyde Park village, where
he built the first frame house, which is still standing, at the east end
of Main street, owned by James M. Hill.
In June, 1809, Joshua Sawyer, upon
the call of his brother, N. P. Sawyer, went to Burlington and entered the
office of Hon. Judge Farrand, as a student at law, in order to comply with
the bar rules then in strict force in Chittenden county, at least, that
the last year's study must have been in Vermont, and to make out the full
time required that the student must occupy before admittance. In 1810,
he came to Hyde Park and commenced practice, meeting with great success
for a period of over fifty years. He was thirteen years in the State legislature,
State's attorney for Orleans county, and held other responsible positions.
He married Mary, daughter of Aaron Keeler, reared a family of ten
children, and died March 16, 1869. His widow is still living, aged eighty-seven
years, the oldest native born resident of the town. Edward B., son of Joshua,
was born here April 16, 1828. He studied law with his father, and
was admitted to the bar in June, 1849, since which time he has been in
practice in the town. He served as a member of the constitutional convention,
was a clerk of the county court eighteen years, editor of the Lamoille
News Dealer three years, and has held other prominent positions.
He married, for his first wife, Sarah A, Pennock, by whom he had four children,
and for his second wife he married Sarah's sister, Helen M., the union
being blessed with three children.
Nathan Griswold, from Springfield,
Vt., located in the town of Johnson about the year 1790, when he subsequently
married Lucy Morse, raising a family of fifteen children, one of whom,
Almon W., now resides in New York city. Nathan died in 1844, aged seventy-five
years. His grandson, Z. H. Griswold, resides in this town, on road 16.
Jacob Hadley, from Hancock, N.H., came
to Hyde Park in 1796, and located on road 57, upon the farm now owned by
Nathan McFarland. He remained on this place a few years, then removed to
Eden, whence he subsequently returned to this town, and died here in 1842.
Joseph, his son, came here with his father, when eight years of age, married
Miss A. Weld, and settled on the farm now owned by his son, Orson, on road
34. He subsequently resided several years in Morristown, but died here,
April 2, 1878. Orson was born in Morristown in 1822, married Jane
Morrell, and has had a family of eight children, five of whom are now living.
Benjamin Calkins, from Norwich, Conn.,
came to this town in 1798, and located upon the farm now owned by Barney
G. Rooney, on road 46, where he resided until his death. Andrew H., son
of Benjamin, born here in 1809, married Christina Whitcomb, and reared
a family of six children, three of whom are now living. He died March 17,
1851. His wife survived him until August 4, 1874. Byron A., son of
Andrew, born on the old farm in 1844, is now engaged in mercantile pursuits
Russel S. Page, now residing in Hyde
Park, was born in this town May 21, 1813. He married Martha Maloma Smalley,
daughter of Francis Smalley and granddaughter of Capt. Jed Hyde, in January,
1840. Their living children are Carroll Smalley, merchant, who married
Ellen F. Patch, daughter of T.H. Patch, of Johnson; Alice D., who married
L. Halsey Lewis, one of the editors of the News and Citizen, and
Belle M., who married H. C. Fisk, a lawyer of Morristown, and editor of
said paper. Carroll and Lewis now reside in Hyde Park. James and
Hannah Page, parents of Russel S., moved from Londonderry, N.H., to Johnson,
Vt., in 1795, and two years later located upon a farm in Hyde Park, on
road 31, where they continued to live about fifty years, or until they
died, at a ripe old age. Russel is the youngest and only surviving child
of his father's family, and his occupation since of age has been farming,
dealing in cattle, and general mercantile business. He has held the office
of postmaster, selectman, lister, and other town offices several terms,
and has been town representative, sheriff, side judge, and judge of probate,
which latter office he now holds. He has been an invalid during the last
thirty-five years, caused by an injury to the spine.
Levi Edgerton, from Coventry Conn.,
came to Hyde Park previous to 1800, and located upon the farm now owned
by his son, Alonzo, on road 57. He married Sarah G. Fitch, reared six children,
and died on the old place, June 13, 1869, aged eighty-four years. His wife
died in 1861. Mr. Edgerton held most of the offices in the gift of his
townsmen, performing the duties appertaining thereto in an able and acceptable
manner. His children are as follows: Seymour, residing in New York; Melissa,
the wife of N. Waterman; Erastus, a resident of Stowe; Edward F. and Alonzo,
of this town; and Sarah G., residing with Alonzo.
Benjamin Cleveland came to Hyde Park,
from Woodstock, Vt., about 1801, and located upon the farm now owned by
A. Cowen, on road 4. For his first wife, he married Sally Bruce, by whom
he had two sons, Lysander and Orange. For his second wife, he married Rebecca
Slocum, by whom he had ten children.
Jacob Walker, from Brookfield, Mass.,
settled near the central part of Morristown previous to the year 1800,
where he died, in 1844. Three of his children are now living in the county,
one of whom, Mrs. Z. B. Buskey, resides with her daughter, Mrs. L. S. Rand,
in this town. She attended the first school taught in the town, and is
now eighty-three years of age.
Levi Wiswell came to this town, from
Townsend, Vt., in 1817, and located upon the farm now owned by Volney Gilmore.
He subsequently removed to Westminster, where he died, in 1865. He has
two sons living here, Orra, born in 1805, and Samuel, born in 1809.
Leander S. Small, son of George and
Orpah Small, was born in Morristown, December 3, 1820. He was educated
to agricultural pursuits by his parents, together with such other knowledge
as could be acquired in the common schools and his own reading. At the
age of twenty-one years he entered the law office of Butler & Wilkins,
of Stowe, Vt., where he remained until the June term of the Lamoille county
court, 1845, when he was admitted to the bar. Since that time he has practiced
his profession in the county, residing in Hyde Park since 1853. He married
Cornelia M., daughter of Almond and Jemima Boardman, of Morristown, with
whom he has passed a happy wedded life. Mr. Small is a man possessed of
excellent qualities of mind and heart, a fact that his townsmen have not
been slow to appreciate, as is attested by the many positions of honor
and trust they have seen fit to bestow upon him.
James Cobleigh, from Athens, Vt., came
to Hyde Park in 1820, and located upon the farm now owned by Charles Holbrook,
on road 19. He had a family of seven children, three of whom, Alanson,
Ira, and John, now reside in the town. Alanson has been constable and collector
for the past four years. James died in 1823, and his wife died in 1863.
Daniel Bullard, with his two brothers,
John and Willard, came to this town, from Amherst, N.H., about 1820, and
located near the north village. John and Willard remained here a few years,
then returned to New Hampshire. Daniel died here in July, 1871. Of his
large family of children, John, Ezekiel, Edwin, and Augusta (Mrs. Cyrus
Wilcox), now reside in the town.
Charles Jewett, from Concord, Vt.,
came to this town about 1822, and settled upon the farm now owned by A.
M. Whitcomb, on road 18. He married Betsey Lilley, by whom he had six children,
two of whom are living, Eli and Mrs. M. A. Emerson. Mrs. Jewett died in
1870, and was followed by her husband in 1872. Eli resides on road 40,
and has three children.
Simeon A. Spicer, born in Hebron, Conn.,
in 1798, came to this town in 1824, and settled upon the farm where he
still resides, on road 44. Mr. Spicer married Fanny H. Waterman, and has
one child, A. A. Spicer. His wife died November 16, 1846, and he chose
for his second wife Harriet Standish. Mr. Spicer has been a member of the
Methodist church fifty-four years, and is known as an active temperance
Simeon Whitcomb, from Washington, Vt.,
came to Hyde Park in 1825 locating in the western part of the town. He
married Betsey Young, the union being blessed with a family of eight children,
five of whom, Thomas, Sylvester G., Sally, Harriet, and Louisa, now reside
in the town.
Robert Campbell, from Bradford, N.H.,
came to this town about 1828, and settled near Centerville, upon the farm
now owned by his son, Calvin, where he died, in 1865. Calvin was six years
of age when his father worked here. He has been twice married, to Jane
and Lucy A. Herrick, sisters, and has six children. Mr. Campbell has been
engaged in mercantile pursuits here since 1867. David, son of Robert, came
here with his father at the age of eighteen years, and has been a resident
of the town since. Of his family of five children, two now live in the
Ebenezer Barnes, from Brandon, Vt.,
came to this town in 1837: and located upon the farm now occupied by his
son, Eben, on road 20½. Eben was ten years of age when his father
came here. He married Esther W. Davis, and has one daughter. Ebenezer died
in 1850, his wife in 1880.
Michael G. Bundy, from Canada, located
upon the farm now owned by his son, William, on road 14, in 1840. He married
Susanna Hayden, by whom he had eleven children, six of whom are now living.
He died in 1866, and his wife in 1882. Four of his sons served in the late
James Lucas came to Hyde Park, from
Ireland, in 1845, and located upon the farm he still occupies, on road
28, where he is one of the prosperous farmers of the town. Mr. Lucas says
he is the third Irishman that settled in the town.
Seth Haskins settled in the northern
part of Morristown in 1800, where he reared a large family of children,
only one of whom was a son. He was named Hiram, and moved to Hyde Park,
where he resided until his death.
During the late civil war Hyde Park
furnished nine commissioned officers and 140 enlisted men towards suppressing
the great Rebellion, twenty-nine of whom were killed in action, or died
from wounds or diseases contracted while in the service.
The first public religious services
held in the town were conducted by Lorenzo Dow, very early in the history
of the settlement, probably about 1793. A methodist preacher, Rev. Nehemiah
Sabins, preached soon after, and formed the Methodist class. Elizabeth
Hyde, daughter of Capt. Jedediah Hyde, at that time ten years of age, was
first to join the class. The society now has a comfortable church at North
Hyde Park, and at Hyde Park village, presided over by Rev. J. E. Bowen
and Rev. Joseph W. Hitchcock, respectively.
The St. Terrence Catholic Church, located
at Hyde Park village, was organized in 1872, by Rev. Peter Savoy. The church
building is a wood structure capable of seating 250 persons, built in 1872,
at a cost of about $2,400.00.
There is also a Christian church at
North Hyde Park, and societies of other denominations in the town; but
neglect on the part of members to whom we had entrusted the collection
of church statistics forces us to omit their mention in detail.
Gazetteer of Lamoille and Orleans Counties, VT.; 1883-1884, Compiled
and Published by Hamilton Child; May 1887, Page 91-97)
was provided by Tom Dunn.