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Date of Grant or Charter ~ 27 February 1782

Other Towns, Villages, Hamlets: 
Arlins, Beecher Falls & Wallace Pond 

     Canaan lies in the extreme northeastern corner of the county and state, in lat. 44º 57', and long. 5º 22', and is bounded north by Hereford, in Canada, east by the Connecticut river, southwest by Lemington and Averill. It has an area of little over twenty-nine square miles, or 18,700 acres. It was chartered by Vermont to John Wheeler and others, February 25, 1782, but had previously been granted to Jonathan and Arad Hunt, and William Williams. The town of Norfolk which was chartered to Bezaleel Woodward, February 27, 1782, was annexed to Canaan, but both being small townships leaves Canaan still smaller than most of the towns in the state. 

      The town is watered by Leach stream, Willard brook and other small streams, which affords some good mill privileges. Leach stream is about two rods wide at its junction with the Connecticut, and flows from Leed's pond which is partly in Canada. There are some fine meadows on the Connecticut and much good land in other parts of the town. 

      South Canaan is a post village located in the southern part of the town. The town was settled by Silas Sargeant, John Hugh and Hubbard Spencer, who moved their families into town in 1785. As a frontier town it was subjected to considerable disturbance during the War of 1812.  It was in this town that one Beach was shot by John Dennett, an officer of customs, a, fuller account of which is found in the County Chapter. Much feeling was shown in the different broils attendant on the collection of revenues, and the prevention of contraband articles of war being smuggled to the enemy. 

(Source: Gazetteer of Caledonia and Essex Counties, VT.; 1764-1887, Compiled and Published by Hamilton Child; May 1887)

The town clerk maintains birth, death and marriage vital statistics and many other records of value in researching your ancestors. You can contact the Clerk's office at: 

Canaan Town Clerk
P.O Box 159
Canaan, VT 05903
Phone:  (802) 266-3370
Fax: 266-7085 

 Canaan Historical Society
 Alice Ward Memorial Library - Canaan, VT






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