New Hampshire State Papers

 

 

Provincial and State Papers.

 

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MISCELLANEOUS

 

DOCUMENTS AND RECORDS

 

RELATING TO

 

NEW HAMPSHIRE

 

AT DIFFERENT PERIODS:

 

INCLUDING

 

I. Journal of the N. H. Convention which adopted the Federal Constitution, 1788.

II. Journal of the Convention which revised the State Constitution in 1791-1792.

III. The Great Controversy relating to the "NEW HAMPSHIRE GRANTS" (so called), 1749 to 1791; including troubles in border towns on both sides of the Connecticut river, 1781-1783.

IV. Letters, &c., of Committee of Safety, 1779 to 1784.

V. Census of 1773.

VI. Census of 1786.

VII. Appendix, containing copies of Ancient Grants, &c., supplementary to Volume I.

 

PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY OE THE LEGISLATURE OP NEW HAMPSHIRE.

 

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VOLUME X.

 

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COMPILED AND EDITED BY

NATHANIEL BOUTON, D. D.,

Corresponding Secretary of the New Hampshire Historical Society.

 

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CONCORD, N. H.:

EDWARD A. JENKS, STATE PRINTER.

1877.

 

 

 

NOTICE.

 

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JOINT RESOLUTION, passed by the Legislature of New Hampshire.

 

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court convened, That His Excellency the Governor be hereby authorュized and empowered, with the advice and consent of the Council, to employ some suitable person, and fix his compensation, to be paid out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, to continue the collection, compilation, and to superintend the publication of such portions of the early State and Provincial Records, and other State Papers of New Hampshire, as the Governor may deem proper, not to exceed one volume; and that eight hundred copies of the same be printed by the State Printer and distributed as follows: namely, one copy to each City and Town in the State, one copy to such of the Public Libraries of this State as the Governor may designate, two hundred copies to the New Hampshire Historical Society, and the reュmainder to be in the charge of the State Librarian, who is authorized to exchange the same for similar publications issued by other States. Approved July 18, 1876.

 

 

 

EDITOR'S PREFACE.

 

The publication of this tenth volume terminates my official labors as editor and compiler of the Provincial and State Papers of New Hampshire. The contents of the volume are of permanent value, including articles never before published in full. The Journal of the New Hampshire Convention in 1788, which ratified the constitution of the United States, and that of the Convention in 1791-2, which revised the state conュstitution of 1784, furnish the names of the distinguished men who composed those conventions, and mark an era in our history of which the state may justly be proud.

The papers relating to the long controversy with New York and Vermont, in respect of what were called the "New Hampュshire Grants," form a mass of material which, wrought into a volume of history with like papers from other sources, will equal if not surpass any story of our early times.

The letters, orders, &c., sent out by the Committee of Safety during the latter years of the Revolution, furnish the best eviュdence on record of the extreme privations of the people, and the noble patriotism which animated them. The census of 1773, ordered by Governor John Wentworth, and that of 1786, ordered by the General Assembly of the state, 溶either of which was ever before published, exhibit comparatively the growth of the state between those periods, and also show how SLAVERY, as it existed in the province before the Revolution, came to a quiet end. The Constitution of 1784, in its Bill of Rights, "spake, and it was done." Slavery vanished without

 

 

 

iv EDITOR'S PREFACE.

 

noise, without a single known civil suit, without a ripple of disturbance or turmoil on the face of society.

In an Appendix to the foregoing Papers, the editor, with advice of His Excellency, Governor BENJAMIN F. PRESCOTT, has thought proper to supplement the first volume of Provinュcial Papers by several very important documents which have recently been brought to light. One is what is called the Squamscott Patent, or the Grant to Edward Hilton of land at Dover Neck, where a settlement was begun in 1623; another is the Grant of the Province of Laconia, Nov. 17, 1629, which serves to correct a capital mistake made by our historian, Dr. Jeremy Belknap, as to the name given to the grant to Gorges and Mason, in August, 1622, and also the confusion in the first chapter of his history respecting the Laconia Company and the Wheelwright Indian Deed.*

In conclusion of his labors, the editor begs leave to renew his acknowledgments of obligation and gratitude to the Honュorable FREDERICK SMYTH, ex-Governor, upon whose recomュmendation to the legislature the work was undertaken, and to the several Governors of the state in succession, by whose encouragement and favor, through eleven years, the work has been carried forward; also to the gentlemen, respectively, in the office of Secretary of State, who have afforded him every desired accommodation to consult early records and papers; and no less to the president and officers of the New Hampュshire Historical Society, whose advice has frequently been sought.

However, some errors and imperfections may be detected in the execution of the work, yet the editor is conscious of having aimed to accomplish the great undertaking with entire imparュtiality, and with strict accuracy in the transcript of original records and documents, adding only such notes and explanaュtions as appeared to him necessary and just. It is gratifying to the editor, and will be to the people of New Hampshire, to know that the volumes, as they have been published one after another, have become at once a standard authority for reference in matters of history. They are quoted freely by

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* See note by the editor, pp. 692, 693; also, Vol. IX, pp. xl,

 

 

 

EDITOR'S PREFACE. v

 

historians and writers both in this country and England. Surviving the decay and ravages of time, they will remain to instruct future generations in the early history, and in all the official proceedings and events of the state.

To the candid judgment and acceptance of the PEOPLE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE, this last volume of Provincial and State Papers, as also all the preceding, is most respectfully subュmitted and humbly commended by their obedient servant, the compiler and editor.

 

NATHANIEL BOUTON.

 

Concord, N. H., September, 1877.

 

 

 

GENERAL CONTENTS.

 

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PAGES

JOURNAL OF THE CONVENTION which adopted the Federal

Constitution, 1788 1-22

List of Delegates 1-7

Biographical Notes by the Editor 8-11

Proceedings of Convention in Exeter, February, 1788 12-15

His Excellency John Sullivan, President 12

Proceedings of Convention in Concord, June, 1788 16-22

Articles proposed as amendments 17, 18

Yeas and nays 18, 19

Adoption of the Constitution 19

Letter from President Sullivan to Gov. John Hancock 22

 

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JOURNAL OF THE CONVENTION which assembled in

Concord to revise the Constitution of

New Hampshire, 1791-1792 23-196

List of the names of members 24-29

Biographical sketches by the Editor* 30-37

Proceedings, organization Hon. Samuel Livermore, president 38

Rules of procedure 39, 40

Article 6 of Bill of Rights, motion to strike out yeas and

nays 41, 42

Articles read and debated, 19th article 42, 43

General Court motion to change the time of meeting, &c 43

House of Representatives yeas and nays 44, 45

Motion to strike out the religious test or qualification 46

Executive power motion to change the title of president to

governor 47

Motion to reduce the number of the house yeas and nays 48-50

Report of Committee on the Senate, &c 51, 52

Oaths and subscriptions sundry motions 52, 53

Committee appointed to reduce proposed amendments to form 53

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* The biographical sketch of Col. Nathaniel Head (p. 32) is not fully correct. There were two men of same name. Col. Nathaniel Head, of Pembroke, was from Bradford; died Oct. 16, 1825, aged nearly 83 years. Nathaniel Head, Esq., of Hooksett, was the grandfather of Gen. Natt Head; he died Oct. 4, 1829, aged 75. ED.

On page 46, under "Yeas," the name "Page" should be D. Page. ED.

 

 

 

viii GENERAL CONTENTS.

 

PAGES

Committee on the "COUNCIL" and on the journals of both

houses 54

Committee's report on 19th article of Bill of Rights 54

Report of Committee on the Council 55, 56

Resolves relating to courts, &c. 56, 57

Committee appointed to prepare and report amendments to be

submitted to the people adjournment 57

Members present at adjourned meeting, February 8, 1792 58-62

Report of Committee on Alterations and Amendments 63-71

Bill of Rights articles 19, 20, 39 63, 64

Part II. General Court 64

Senate 65-67

House of Representatives 67

Executive power governor 67, 68

Council 68

County treasurers, &c. 69

Judicial power 69

Oath, &c. 70

Constitution as reported by the committee 71-91

Part I. Bill of Rights 71-76

Part II. Form of government 76

General Court 76-78

Senate 78-80

House of Representatives 80-82

Executive power governor 82-85

Lieutenant governor, council 85, 86

Secretary, county treasurer, &c. 86, 87

Judiciary power, clerks of courts 87, 88

Encouragement of literature 88

Oath and subscriptions, &c. 89-91

 

JOURNAL resumed 91

Report (above) examined and debated in committee of the

whole 91-103

The 39th article in Bill of Rights struck out 91, 92

Proposition to meet in September, November, or January,

negatived 92

"President" changed to governor, lieut. governor denied 92

Biennial sessions and reduction of house denied, increase of

senate 94-96

Judiciary system considered, &c. 97-99, 105

Report of sub-committee on amendments 103-106

Proposal to meet annually in October 107

 

 

 

GENERAL CONTENTS. ix

 

PAGES

Reduction of representatives negatived 108

Sixth article of Bill of Rights amended 108

Division of the state into five senatorial districts 109

Committee to lay the amended constitution before the people

plan proposed 110-112

 

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Articles of amendment, sent out to the people 113-126

Proposed amendment of article 6th of Bill of Rights 113

Senate, to consist of thirteen 114

Religious qualification of "the Protestant religion"

omitted 116, 118, 119, 121

Constitution with articles of amendment incorporated 126-141

Return of votes on the. amendments 141, 142

Further action of convention.. 142, 143

Further amendments to be sent out to the people, reports of

committees 144-152

Articles as sent out 152-164

Senate to consist of twelve members, and annual meeting

of legislature in June 153

Religious qualification of "Protestant religion" included 153, 156

Return of votes on the proposed amendments 166, 167

CONSTITUTION approved by the people 167-196

Convention dissolved 168

 

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THE CONTROVERSY RELATING TO THE "NEW HAMPSHIRE

GRANTS," SO CALLED, FROM 1749 TO 1791 197-500

 

SECTION I.

 

CONTROVERSY WITH NEW YORK IN RELATION TO BOUNDARY 199-215

1749.

Nov. 17. Letter from Gov. Benning Wentworth to the gov‑

ernor of New York 199

 

1750. Minutes of the Council of New York, April 3 200

Apr. 25. Letter from Gov. Benning Wentworth to Gov. Geo.

Clinton 201

June 6. Letter from Gov. Clinton to Gov. Wentworth 202

June 22. Letter from Gov. Wentworth to Gov. Clinton 203

July 25. Letter from Gov. Clinton to Gov. Wentworth 203

List of Grants, by Gov. Benning Wentworth, west

of Connecticut river, between 1749 and 1764 204-207

 

1763. Proclamation by Gov. Colden, of New York 207

 

 

 

X GENERAL CONTENTS,

 

PAGES

1764. Proclamation by Gov. Wentworth, of New Hamp‑

shire, March 13 208-210

Gov. Colden's statement to the Lords of Trade, in

England, Jan. 20 211-215

 

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SECTION II.

 

1768. PROCEEDINGS RELATING TO THE NEW HAMPSHIRE

GRANTS UNDER THE ADMINISTRATION OF GOV.

JOHN WENTWORTH 215-221

 

Oct. 18. Memorial of John Wendell 215-217

Extract from Mr. S. Johnston's letter 216

1771.

Oct. 19. Extract from Gov. John Wentworth's letter to Gov.

William Tryon, of New York 217-220

Dec.23. Letter from Gov. Tryon to Gov. Wentworth 220, 221

 

 

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SECTION III.

 

BRIEF HISTORY OF THE CONTROVERSY, BY DR

JEREMY BELKNAP 221-228

 

 

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SECTION IV.

 

DISCONTENT IN THE BORDER TOWNS OF NEW

HAMPSHIRE EAST OF CONNECTICUT RIVER 228-241

Note by the Editor 228

 

1776.

Dec. 16. Extract from a letter of Hon. Meshech Weare to

N. H. delegates in Congress 228

An address of several towns, &c., to the people at

large 229-235

State of New Hampshire to the selectmen of

Hanover 233

Proceedings at town-meetings 236-241

Meeting at Hanover 236

Nov. 25. Meeting at Lyme 237

Dec. 9. Meeting at Acworth 238

Dec, 11. Marlow petition 239

Dec. 12. Chesterfield instructions 239

Dec. 13. Haverhill, and other towns 240

 

 

 

GENERAL CONTENTS.

 

PAGES

SECTION V.

 

VERMONT ASSUMES GOVERNMENT NEW YORK

OPPOSES 241-252

Note by the Editor 241

 

1777.

Jan. 15. Declaration and petition of inhabitants of the New

Hampshire Grants to Congress 242-246

His Majesty's order prohibiting more grants of

land, &c 243

Jan. 20. Minutes of New York Committee of Safety 246-249

Jan. 20. Letter of Committee of Safety, New York, to John

Hancock 249, 250

Mar. 1. Letter from Abraham Tenbroeck to John Hancock 251

April 7, 8. Orders of Congress, &c 252

 

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SECTION VI.

 

VERMONT ASKS AID FROM NEW HAMPSHIRE 253-255

July 15. Letter from Ira Allen to N. H. Com. of Safety 253

July 15. Letter from Ira Allen, for hastening on troops 254

July 19. Letter from Meshech Weare in answer to the above* 255

 

1778. Proclamation of Gov. George Clinton of New York,

Feb. 23 256-258

A pamphlet signed "Republican," containing

observations on the right of jurisdiction, &c. 259-267

An address in answer to the foregoing, by "Pacificus," 268-270

 

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SECTION VII.

 

FIRST ATTEMPT OF BORDER TOWNS IN NEW HAMP‑

SHIRE TO UNITE WITH VERMONT 272-295

Notes by the Editor on the boundary lines 272-274

The Mason line determined by the legislature,

1787 274-276

 

1778. Sixteen towns east of Connecticut river propose to

unite with Vermont 276

June 25. Letter from Nehemiah Estabrook to Meshech

Weare about said union 277

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* Page 255. The word "Colonies" in this article should be Colonels. ED

 

 

 

xii GENERAL CONTENTS.

 

PAGES

1778.

Aug. 19. Letter from Meshech Weare to N. H. delegates in

Congress touching said union 278

Aug. 22. Letter from Meshech Weare to Gov. Chittenden

of Vermont 279-281

Oct. 10. Report of Gen. Ethan Allen on the said subject to

the General Assembly of Vermont 282-284

Oct. 21. Action of Vermont Assembly thereon 284

Oct. 22. Protest of members respecting towns east of Con‑

necticut river signers' names 285, 286

Oct. 23. Letter from Gov. Thomas Chittenden to Meshech

Weare relating to said sixteen towns. 287

Oct. 23. Letter from Ethan Allen, relating to the same 287, 288

Oct. 23. Letter from the Convention at Windsor, signed by

Joseph Marsh, to Henry Laurens, President of

Congress 289, 290

Biographical notes on Elisha Payne, Joseph Marsh,

and John Wheelock 288, 290, 291

Nov. 4. Communication from Ira Allen to the General As‑

sembly of New Hampshire, expressing his

views, &c 291-294

Nov. 5. Letter from Meshech Weare to Thomas Chitten‑

den, on the visit of Ira Allen, &c. (note) 294

Letter from Meshech Weare to Ethan Allen 295

A PAMPHLET entitled "A Public Defence of the

right of New Hampshire Grants on both sides

of the Connecticut river to form themselves in‑

to an Independent State." Dresden: Printed

by Alden Spooner, 1779* 296-324

 

 

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SECTION VIII.

 

MEASURES TO FORM A NEW STATE, OF TOWNS

WEST OF CONNECTICUT RIVER 325-335

Dec. 9. Resolves of a Convention at Cornish 325

Dec. 12. Letter from Ira Allen to Meshech Weare, relative

to the existing state of affairs 327

Nov.27. Address, by Ira Allen, to the inhabitants of the

state of Vermont 329-332

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* A few verbal errors have been detected in the transcript of this pamphlet, which readers, if they please, may correct as follows P. 305, first line, for "alterations," read altercations; 307, fifth line from bottom, insert had after "they ;" p. 309, fourth line from top, for "regal," read royal; p. 311, eleventh line from top, for "Government," read Governor; p. 312, seventeenth line from bottom, for "sure," read soon; p. 313, eighteenth line from top, after "in," road the appointment of. ED.

 

 

 

GENERAL CONTENTS. xiii

 

PAGES

1779.

Feb. 12. Final dissolution of the union of towns east of Con‑

necticut river with the state of Vermont 333

Feb. 26. Letter from Thomas Chittenden to Meshech Weare,

relating to the foregoing, &c 334

Mar. 4. Letter from Ethan Allen to Meshech Weare 335

 

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SECTION IX.

 

PROPOSAL TO UNITE ALL THE NEW HAMPSHIRE

GRANTS WITH THE STATE OF NEW HAMP-

SHIRE 336-341

 

Mar. 17. Petition of Jacob Bailey and Davenport Phelps, re-

lating to a connection of all the New Hamp‑

shire Grants with the state of New Hamp-

shire 336

Apr. 2. Proceedings of the Legislature of New Hampshire

on the foregoing petition 337

Apr. 23. Proposal of sundry matters to the town of New‑

bury, by order of a committee, &c 338

May. Returns from Hartford, Moretown, and Peacham 339, 340

June 3. Col. Olcott and Beza. Woodward, agents 341

 

 

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SECTION X.

 

REFERENCE TO CONGRESS OF MATTERS IN CON-

TROVERSY 341-354

 

June 1. Resolves of Congress respecting the New Hamp‑

shire Grants 341

June 3. Letter from Thomas Chittenden to Meshech Weare

respecting a jurisdictional claim of New Hamp‑

shire to the territory of Vermont 342

June 4. Appointment and Instructions of Ira Allen as

agent, &c. 343

June 24. Action of General Assembly on the foregoing 344

July 13. Address by Ira Allen, to the Inhabitants of Vermont

relating to the aforesaid affairs 345-351

Sept. 24. Resolves of Congress respecting the New Hamp‑

shire Grants 351-354

Oct. 2. Further Resolves in relation to the same 354

 

 

 

xiv GENERAL CONTENTS.

 

PAGES

1779.

Oct. 12. Letter from Woodbury Langdon, delegate in Con‑

gress, to Meshech Weare, respecting Vermont, 355-358

Note by the Editor "Sundry articles to be com‑

plied with" 358

July 3. Letter to the committee appointed by Congress to

meet at Vermont 360

1780. Letter from Samuel Huntington, Pres. of Congress,

to Meshech Wears, June 6, 1780 361

June 2. Resolutions of Congress in relation to affairs in the

New Hampshire Grants 361, 362

July 20. Letter of Joseph Marsh, Peter Olcott, and Beza

Woodward to the President of Congress 363

July 25. Letter from Beza. Woodward to Samuel Livermore 365

July 25. Letter from Thomas Chittenden to Pres. Samuel

Huntington respecting sundry acts of Congress, 366-371

Aug. 30. Beza. Woodward's petition in behalf of people above

Charlestown, N. H., Grants 371-374

Aug. 31 Another letter from Beza. Woodward, relating to

N. H. Grants 374, 375

Sept. 16. Letter from John Sullivan, delegate in Congress,

to Meshech Weare, relating to affairs in Ver-

mont 375-377

Nov. 6. Letter from Jacob Bailey to Meshech Weare, rela‑

ting to Vermont, Canada, &c. 377-379

Oct. 30. Extract of a letter from Ira Allen, at Otter Creek,

to Capt. Safford, at Bethel, east of the moun‑

tains 379

Nov. 22. Letter from Gen. Bailey to Meshech Weare rela‑

ting to the same affairs 379, 380

 

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SECTION X.

 

FRESH MEASURES TO FORM A NEW STATE ON

BOTH SIDES OF THE CONNECTICUT RIVER 381-400

 

Convention at Walpole, Nov. 15, 16, 1780 381-383

Dec. 12. Letter from Thomas Chittenden to Meshech Weare,

inclosing a copy of his letter to Congress of

25th July 384, 385

1781. Resolutions of the General Assembly of New Hamp-

shire, Jan. 13, 1781, instructing its delegates

in Congress 385

 

 

 

GENERAL CONTENTS, xv

 

PAGES

1781.

Feb. 3. Letter from Joseph Fay to Meshech Weare, accom‑

panying the letter of Gov. Chittenden. 386

Convention at Charlestown, Jan. 16, 1781 Note

Origin of Convention 387

Journal of said Convention, Jan. 16-18 388-393

Protest of a minority of the delegates, Jan. 18 393, 394

Secret history of the Convention, by Ira Allen 394-396

Feb. 10. Note by the Editor Letter from Elisha Payne to

the General Assembly of Vermont 396

Feb. 22. Rules* of Negotiations, or terms of Union 397

Apr. 5. Result of submitting the abovesaid terms of Union

to the towns specified List of Towns, &c 398, 399

Members from towns east of Connecticut river 400

 

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SECTION XI.

 

DISPUTED JURISDICTION 401-430

June 20. Letter from President Weare to the delegates of

New Hampshire in Congress, June 20, 1781,

relating to existing difficulties 401

July 10. Letters from John Sullivan to Meshech Weare on

the same subject 402, 403

Aug. 7. Letter from Timothy Ellis to the N. H. Committee

of Safety 404

Aug. 7. Resolves of Congress respecting a decision of the

disputes relating to N. H. Grants Committee

of Congress 405, 406

Aug. 21. Letter from Samuel Livermore, delegate in Con‑

gress, to Meshech Weare 407

Letter from several inhabitants of Haverhill (Cos)

to the Committee of Safety, N. H. [No date] 407, 408

Aug. 25. Memorial of sundry inhabitants of Chesterfield to

the Council and House of Representatives, re‑

lating to the revolt of sundry towns Names 409, 410

Sept. 21. Proceedings of a meeting of persons from ten

towns in Cheshire county, at Keene, Sept. 21,

1781 411

Oct. 2. Letter from Samuel Livermore to Meshech Weare, 412

Oct. 12. Memorial of John Clark, of Landaff, to the Com-

mittee of Safety, relating to hardships, in‑

sults, &c 412-416

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* Page 397, for "Result," read Rules: ED.

For "Newport (Vt.)," read Reuport. ED.

 

 

 

xvi GENERAL CONTENTS,

 

PAGES

1781.

Oct. 13. Petition of inhabitants of Landaff for aid and pro‑

tection 416

Oct. 19. Action on the Memorial of John Clark 417

Oct. 17. Report of a Committee of Congress, to whom was

referred certain papers relative to New Hamp‑

shire 418-422

Oct. 16-19. Report of the Council and Assembly of Vermont

on the Report of the Vermont delegates to

Congress 422-426

Oct. 22. Summons to Daniel Shattuck, &c. 426

Oct. 27. Elisha Payne to Meshech Weare, transmitting res‑

olutions relating to Commissioners, &c 427

Oct. 27. Commission for the settlement of boundary lines,

&c 428

Oct. 27. Proclamation of Thomas Chittenden for a day of

Public Thanksgiving 429

 

 

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SECTION XII.

 

COLLISION IN BORDER TOWNS 430-485

Note by the Editor 431

Nov. 15. Letter from Gen. Benj. Bellows to Meshech Weare,

relating to troubles in that part of the state 431

Substance of complaints against Nathaniel Bingham

and John Grandy by Samuel Davis 432, 433

Nov. 12. Warrant to apprehend John Grandy, Jun 433

Nov. 12. Warrant to apprehend and secure in gaol Nathaniel

Bingham 434

Nov. 16. Petition of Nathaniel Bingham and John Grandy,

Jun., to the Council and House of Representa‑

tives, N. H 435

Nov. 16. Statement of facts by Nathaniel Bingham 436

Nov. 28. An act empowering the sheriff of the county of

Cheshire to release certain persons from prison

in Charlestown 437-439

Nov. 29. Mittimus for committing Col. Enoch Hale to prisュon 439, 440

Nov. 29. Letter from Gen. Bellows to Meshech Weare, in‑

forming him of the imprisonment of Col. Hale 440, 441

Dec. 1. Letter from Samuel King to Col. Chamberlain and

others on the abovesaid matters 441-443

 

 

 

GENERAL CONTENTS. xvii

 

PAGES

1781.

Dec. 2. Letter from Col. Wm. Haywood to Capt. Phineas

Hutchins (with a copy of Sheriff Page's ex-

press) 443

Dec. 5. Letter from Michael Cressey, of Chesterfield, to

Gen. Bellows 444

Dec. 5. Orders* to raise the body of Militia to release Col.

Enoch Hale from prison 444-449

Dec. 12. Letter from Col. Enoch Hale, sheriff of the county

of Cheshire, to Meshech Weare 449

Dec. 14. Letter and order from Thomas Chittenden to Elisha

Payne 450

Dec. 14. Letter from Thomas Chittenden to Wm. Page 451

Dec. 15. Instruction from Gov. Chittenden to Ira Allen re‑

specting boundary lines 451

Dec. 18. Letter from Samuel Livermore to Pres. Weare,

relating to proceedings in Congress 452

Dec. 21. Letter from Elisha Payne to Pres. Weare, propos‑

ing amicable measures 453

Dec. 21. Order of Elisha Payne to Roger Enos and Wm.

Page 454

Dec. 22. Letter from Enoch Hale, in person, to President

Weare, respecting an adjustment, &c 455

Dec. 27. Warrants from Josiah Bartlett to arrest certain

persons 456-459

Dec. 27. Report of Committee of N. H. House of Represent‑

atives about admitting Wm. Page to bail 459, 460

Dec. 29. Letter from Ira Allen to Josiah Bartlett, requesting

a copy of N. H. Acts and Resolutions 460

Dec. 29. Joint Letter of Ira Allen and Roger Enos to Josiah

Bartlett 461

 

1782.

Jan. 1. Letter from Samuel Livermore to President Weare,

relating to "Vermonters" 461

Jan. 1. Letter from Gen. Washington to Gov. Thomas

Chittenden, relating to the N. H. Grants (see

p. 227) 462-464

Jan. 1. Reward offered for taking Samuel King 464

Jan. I. Letter from Capt. Joseph Burt to Pres. Weare 465

Jan. 2. Letter from Gen. Bellows, relating to the rescue of

Samuel King by a mob 466

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* Page 444, seventh line from bottom, for "Records in Secretary's office," read Letters in Library N. H. Hist. Soc. ED.

 

 

 

xviii GENERAL CONTENTS.

 

PAGES

1782.

Jan, 7. Letters of Committee of Safety Warrant to arrest

Nathaniel S. Prentice 467

Letters from Meshech Weare to Samuel Livermore,

relating to troubles in border towns and to

taxes 468-473

Jan. 8. Letter from Wm. Page, in gaol at Exeter, to Elisha

Payne 473-475

Jan. 8. Resolve to send an armed force to the western part

of the state* 475

Jan. 10. Proportion of men to be raised 476

Jan. 10. Col. Charles Johnston and Col. David Page to raise

scouting parties, &c., Gen. Sullivan to take

the chief command of forces, &c 477

Jan. 8. Letter from Samuel Livermore to Pres. Weare 478

Answer of Pres. Wears to the same 479

Jan. 10. Letter from Gen. Bellows relating to Doct. Wm.

Page 479

Jan. 11, 12. Letters from Col. Enoch Hale relating to the

rescue of Esq. Giles, and his own seizure by a

mob, &c. 480-483

Jan. 14. Petition of inhabitants of Claremont, praying for

relief, &c. 483

Mar. 26. Letters from Samuel Livermore to Pres. Weare,

and note by the Editor 484, 485

 

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SECTION XIII.

 

BORDER TOWNS UNSETTLED 486-500

May 31. Resolutions passed by committees of certain bor-

der towns, with a memorial to the General

Assembly of N. H. 486-489

June 21. Action of General Assembly thereon 489

July 2. Letter from President Weare to Gov. Clinton of

New York, relating to said memorial 490

July 30. Letter from Thomas Sparhawk and Benj. Bellows

on affairs in Cheshire county 491-493

July 31. Letter from Doct. Wm. Page to Pres. Weare 493

Nov. 7. Request of selectmen of Newbury for jurisdiction

of New Hampshire to be extended over them 494

覧覧

* Page 475. In note at the bottom, for "which no doubt was issued at the time," read which perhaps was never issued. ED.

 

 

 

GENERAL CONTENTS. xix

 

PAGES

1782.

Dec. 1. Letter from P. White and John T. Gilman, in Con‑

gress, to Pres. Weare 495

 

1783.

Jan. 16. Letter front John Taylor Gilman to Meshech Weare 496

Feb. 11. Letter from Enoch Hale to Meshech Weare, rela‑

ting to difficulties in Cheshire county 497

Note by the Editor 498

覧覧覧覧覧

 

An act of Congress for the admission of the State

of Vermont into the Union 499, 500

 

覧覧覧覧覧

 

LETTERS, ORDERS, &c., By THE NEW HAMPSHIRE COMMITTEE OF

SAFETY, 1779 TO 1784 501-620

 

(Copied from a MS. volume in the Library of N. H. Hist. Soc.)

 

 

[NOTE. Readers will perceive that the letters and orders which follow are so various and numerous that it is very difficult to analyze them, or to describe their contents in few words. The editor therefore only makes a minute of the dates, with the persons to whom addressed, when known, and with a few words indicating the matter.]

 

1779.

Jan. 9. To a committee in Alstead about counterfeiters 503

 

1780.

Feb. 19. To officer in charge of continental stores in Cos 503

Mar. 7. To Jacob Cuyler, Esq 504

Mar. 31. To Maj. Joseph Bass, clothier, &c 504

Apr. 28. To Hon. Jerem. Powell, relating to Eastern expe‑

dition 505

Apr. 28. To Messrs. Peabody and Folsom, in Congress 505

May 12. To Col. Jonathan Chase order to raise 60 men 506

May 12. " " " relating to the same 507

May 26. Resolve of General Assembly, relating to wheat and

flour 507

May 26. To President Powell of Massachusetts, relating to

attack on Canada 508

May 27. To Jacob Cuyler, Esq., relating to paying drafts 508

May 27. To committee of Haverhill, about trade with Indians 509

May 27. Order about raising men. 509

May 27. To Messrs. Peabody and Folsom, relating to taxes 510

 

 

 

xx GENERAL CONTENTS.

 

PAGES

1780.

May 27. To James Underwood, respecting forfeited lands 511

June 2. To Col. Nichols and Mr. Underwood, respecting

forfeited lands 511

June 2. About purchasing rum 511

June 24. To Capt. Neh. Houghton, about mustering men 512

June 28. To Major Childs, about purchasing wheat 512

June 28. To Col. Stephen Peabody, about mustering men 512

June 30. To relating to purchase of horses 513

July To Maj. Benj. Whitcomb, to take command of

forces 514

July 1. To Col. Hunt, relating to purchase of horses 514

July 1. To 覧 about recruits and supplies for the army 515

July 6. To 覧 relating to supplies, &c 516, 517

July 13. To Nicholas Gilman, Rec. General 517

July 15. Relating to powder, beef and rum, and seamen 518

July 15. To Noah Emery, Jr., instructions, &c 518

July 18. To Doct. Pelet'h Warren, request to act as surgeon 519

July 18. To Capt. Eliphalet Giddinge, about forwarding

beef cattle 520

July 18. To Capt. Samuel Reynolds, order to proceed to

Connecticut river 520

July 26. To Hon. James Bowdoin, president of Massachu'ts 520

July 20. To Cot. Stephen Evans, orders to march, &c 521

July 28. To Samuel Livermore, Esq., agent, relating to N.

H. Grants 521

July 29. Hon. John Langdon, delegate to Boston, about

the war, &c 522

Aug. 2. To Jacob Cuyler, Esq., excuse for non-payment of

drafts 523

Aug. 5. To Samuel Livermore, relating to N. H. Grants 524

Aug. 10. To Capt. Shubael Geer, instructions. 524

Aug. 10. To Mr. Jona. Martin, instructions* 525

Aug. 12. To Maj. B. Whitcomb, instructions 525

Aug. 12. To Doct. Phelps, to act as surgeon 526

Aug. 19. To Jedediah Jewett, to procure a horse for Gen.

Sullivan 526

Aug, 19. To Capt. Josiah Moulton and Col. S. Folsom 527

Aug. 19. To Col. Joshua Wentworth 527

Aug. 19. To the Board of War 527

Aug. 23. To Capt. Eliphalet Giddings, to collect beef cattle 527

覧覧

* Fourth line from top, the word "amount" should be account. ED.

 

 

 

GENERAL CONTENTS. xxi

 

PAGES

1780.

Aug. 23. To Eph. Blaine, Esq., about beef cattle 528

Sept. 7. Muster master's returns 528, 529

Sept. 8. To Capt. Sam'l Gilman, trustee of Gov. Went‑

worth's estate 529

Sept. 6. To Major Child, about supplies, &c 529

Nov. 18. To Col. David Webster and John Millen, Esq., to

forward supplies 530

 

1781.

Feb. 9. To Francis Blood, Esq., on provisions for Cols

Nichols and Ellis 531

Feb. 9. To Col. Hunt, relative to the same 531

Feb. 9. To Cols. Nichols and Ellis, do. do. 532

Feb. 12. To Col. Jabez Hatch, about a continental stable 532

Feb. 8. To Selectmen 覧覧 relative to collecting taxes 533

Feb. 15. Orders to Lts. Bezaleel Howe and Jos. Boynton, to

forward recruits 534

Feb. 17. To Joseph Gilman, Esq., about settling accounts 534

Feb. 17. To Capt. Eliphalet Giddinge, do. do. 534

Mar. 2. To Col. Supply Clapp, do. do. 535

Mar. 9. Col. Timothy Ellis and Gen. Moses Nichols, to

supply troops 535

Mar. 9. To Francis Blood, Esq., to furnish supplies 535, 536

Feb. 16. Orders to Sam'l Wells, Serj. Major, about forward‑

ing men 536

Mar. 31. Orders to Lt. Beza. Howe, Joseph Boynton, and

Sam'l Wells, about forwarding recruits and

clothing 537

Apr. 7. To Charles Johnston, Esq., and James Woodward,

relating to lands of absentees 537

Apr. 12. To Eliphalet Hale and Geo. Dame, inspectors of

shoes 537

Apr. 12. To Lt. Col. Sam'l Chase, to rent lands of absen‑

tees 538

Apr. 13. To Capt. Ebenezer Dearing, to raise a company for

the defence of Piscataqua harbor 538

Apr. 14. Hon. John Wentworth, Jun., a Delegate to Con‑

gress 539

Apr. 19. To Col. Sam'l Chase, about renting farms of absen‑

tees 539

Apr. 19. Relating to raising men for western frontiers 540

Apr. 19. To Moses Dow, Esq., Commissary of Purchase 540

Apr. 19. To Lt. Jona. Ring, order about rations 541

 

 

 

xxii GENERAL CONTENTS.

 

PAGES

1781.

Apr. 19. To Col. Charles Johnston, relating to troops for

western frontiers. 541

Apr. 19. To Gen. Benj. Bellows. 542

Apr. 21. To Matt. Patten and Thomas Sparhawk, Judges of

Probate 542

Apr. 27. To Jedediah Jewett, sundry directions 543

May 4. Orders to Captain Ebenezer Dearing. 543

May 4. Orders to Lt. Col. Dearborn and Jedediah Jewett,

relating to payment of soldiers 544

May 5. Orders to Francis Blood, Esq., to make returns of

provisions, &c 544

May 4. Order to Col. Joshua Wentworth to muster sol‑

diers. 545

May 25. Orders to Capt. E. Giddinge, F. Blood, and Col.

Samuel Hunt, about forwarding beef cattle 545, 546

May 25. To Gov. Jona. Trumbull, relating to a counterfeiter 547

May 26. Orders to Lt. Joshua Merrow, relating to the same 547, 548

July 5. Order to Capt. M. Woodward to send prisoners to

Boston 548

July 5. To Maj. Gen. Folsom, relating to travel money 549

July 5. To Lt. Joseph Huntoon, relating to deserters 549

July 6. Order to Francis Blood, Esq., relating to supply of

beef 549

July 6. To Selectmen of Portsmouth, about a supply of

rum 550

July 12. Order to Noah Emery, Esq., about beef cattle 551

July 19. To Stephen Harriman, relating to land purchased

by Gen. Stark 551

July 20. To Capt. Ebenezer Dearing, relating to Deserters

and trial by Court Martial 551

July 20. To Francis Blood, relating to supply of beef cattle 552

July 27. Agreement with John Balch as post-rider 553

July 28. Order to Col. Timothy Ellis and others to raise

scouting parties 553, 554

July 28. To Col. Samuel Hunt, relating to supply of the

army 554

Aug. 3. To Thos. Bickford, about beef on hand 555

Aug. 3. Memorial of soldiers in forts asking relief 555

Aug. 10. Petition from Conway, a company of soldiers sent 555, 556

Aug. 10. To Col. Charles Johnston, to forward soldiers to

Cos 557

 

 

 

GENERAL CONTENTS. xxiii

 

PAGES

1781.

Aug. 11. To Col. Timo. Ellis, relating to troubles in border

towns 557, 558

Aug. 18. To John Hopkins, Esq., relating to a Dep. Com. of

prisoners of war 558

Aug. 18. Warrant to apprehend Robert Young 559

Sept. 11. To Lt. Col. Daniel Runnels, about marching orders 559

Sept. 11. To Cols. Wentworth and Evans, do. do. 560, 561

Sept. 14. To John White, Jr., to take charge of rum, &c 561

Sept. 26. Orders to Lt. Col. Raynolds, to march to Charles‑

town No. 4 561

Sept. 26. Orders to Capt. Dan'l Gordon, relating to the same 561

Sept. 27. Orders to Col. Wentworth and others, relating to

the same 562, 563

Sept. 27. To Col. Samuel Hunt, to furnish supplies 563

Sept. 27. To Francis Blood, Esq., do. do. 564, 565

Sept. 27. Orders to Lt. Col. Raynolds, about supplies 565

Sept. 28. To Gen. Bellows, do. do. 565

Sept. 28. To Col. Charles Johnston, do. do. 566, 567

Sept. 29. To Maj. Gen. Heath, relating to troubles in border

towns 567, 568

Oct. 6. To Francis Blood, Esq.,

Oct. 6. To Col. Samuel Hunt,

Oct. 6. To William Page, all relating to supplies for

Charlestown 568-570

Oct. 13. To Col. David Page and Jos. Whipple, to discharge

men 571

Oct. 25. To Capt. Moses Woodward, about prisoners of

war 571,572

Nov. 2. Warrants to apprehend horse thieves 572, 573

Dec. 29. Letter from Hon. Matthew Thornton 573, 574

Dec. 10. Letter to President Hanson about delegates in Con‑

gress 575

 

1782.

Jan. 18. To Israel Morey, to deliver records, &c 575

Jan. 26. Our troops at Saratoga in want of rum, &c 576

Feb. 2. A guard to be placed at the Great Island 577

Feb. 4. Letter to Hon. S. Livermore, in Congress, relative

to settling accounts, &c 577

Feb. 6. Inquiry to be made about supply of provisions 578

Feb. 23. Letter to Hon. S. Livermore, about currency and

taxes 578-581

 

 

 

xxiv GENERAL CONTENTS.

 

PAGES

1782.

Mar. 1. A suspected person at Londonderry 581

Mar. 20, 26. Lands of absentees to be rented 581, 582

Apr. 6. Recruits at Charlestown and Amherst to be sup‑

plied, &c 582, 583

Apr. 4. Warrant to apprehend Col. Jona. Greeley 583

Apr. 5. Muster masters appointed 584

Apr. 12. Jonathan Greeley put under bonds 584, 585

Apr. 20. Provision for recruits in the army 586, 587

Apr. 27. Settlement of Pay Roll 586

May 4. Payment for excise on spirituous liquors 587

June 8. Guard against an attempt to destroy a ship at Ports‑

mouth 588

June 14. Muster masters to fill their quota of men 588,589

July 6. A scouting party under Joseph Whipple, Esq 589

July 12. Order to Capt. Salter to raise men, &c 590

July 19. Order to fill the quota of men for the army 590, 591

July 20. Notice to Capt. John Jennison about beef 591

July 20. Order to Jedediah Jewett, &c 592

July 30. Time extended to Gilmanton to make up deficiency 592

Aug. 3. Letter relating to border troubles 592, 593

Aug. 3. Letter to Capt. John Jennison about supply of beef

cattle 594

Aug. 3. Letter to Doct. Wm. Page about recognizance 594

Aug. 17. Orders relating to beef cattle 595

Aug. 23. Order in behalf of Gilmanton, &c 595

Aug. 23. Orders to Jedediah Jewett relating to beef cattle 596

Aug. 29. Order to Francis Blood, relating to beef cattle 596

Sept. 13. The selectmen of Amherst to settle account 597

Sept. 19. Extent against the town of Cornish suspended 597

Sept. 20. Richard Jenness, Benj. Butler, John White, to set‑

tle for excise 598

Sept. 26. Danger to Piscataqua harbor apprehended 599

Sept. 26. About pasturing for cattle 599

Sept. 27. Answer to Memorial from Dartmouth College 600

Oct 4. Letter to John White to settle for rum, &c 600

Oct. 5. Order relating to Capt. John McGray 600

Oct. 25. Order to Capt. Ebenezer Fry 601

Oct. 19. Edward Wade on furlough, &c 601

Oct. 19. Order about beef cattle 601

Nov. 22. Maj. Caleb Robinson appointed muster master 602

Nov. 22. Order to Isaac Williams about issue of provisions 602

 

 

 

GENERAL CONTENTS. xxv

 

PAGES

1782.

Dec. 5. Jesse Christy to be taken into custody 603

Dec. 7. Order about beef cattle 603

Dec. 7. The Board of War to examine accounts, &c 603

Dec. 13. Jesse Christy allowed liberty of the yard 604

Dec. 13. Recruits to be mustered and supplied 604

 

1783.

Jan. 3. Orders to Capt. Titus Salter 605

Jan. 11. Order to Nicholas Gilman, Esq., Rec. Gen. 605

Jan. 24. Letter to Joseph Whipple, Esq., relative to tax 606

Mar. 6. Letter to Hon. John Hancock, relating to dele‑

gates, &c 606

Mar. 6. Lands of John Tufton Mason not be sold 607

Mar. 7. Stephen Gorham, Esq., commissioner to settle ac‑

counts 607

Mar. 13. Col. Samuel Chase to rent lands of absentees 608

Mar. 21. Letter to Gen. John Stark 608

Apr. 4. Order relating to Col. Geo. Reid 608

Apr. 10. Nicholas Gilman, Esq., deceased 609

Apr. 25. Jesse Christy discharged from gaol 609

May 16. Bridge to Janvrin's Island to be sold 610

May 23. British vessels to be entered 610

June 6. Settlement with N. H. troops Depreciation 610, 611

July 11. Order for removal of barracks, &c 612

July 11. Order to enlist five effective men 612

July 25. Summons to answer for removal of powder 613

July 26. Hon. John Langdon desired to go to Congress 613

July 31. The town of Pembroke discharged from extents,

&c 613

Aug. 9. Order to inspect salt beef, &c 914

Aug. 16. Order to Enoch Hale, sheriff, about extents 614

Aug. 29. Permission for Dorothy Nelson to visit Portsmouth 615

Aug. 29. Permission for Abigail Robertson to visit Ports‑

mouth 615

Oct. 11. The town of Salem discharged from extents 615

Nov. 21. Excise on spirituous liquors at public vendue Con‑

ditions of sale-Committee for, &c 616-618

Dec. 25. Order to the Naval Officer respecting gunpowder 618

 

1784.

Jan. 3. Accounts for raising 2d Regiment to be settled 618, 619

Jan. 23. Order relative to certain counterfeiters 619

Mar. 25. Letter to John Langdon, relating to free trade 620

May 14. Letter to John Sullivan about want of money 620

 

 

 

xxvi GENERAL CONTENTS.

 

PAGES

CENSUS OF 1773 621-636

 

Note by the Editor Letter of Hon. A. H. Cragin 622, 623

Form of order schedule for returns 624

Returns from Rockingham County 625-627

Returns from Strafford County 628, 629

Returns from Hillsborough County 630, 631

Returns from Cheshire County 632, 633

Returns from Grafton County 634, 635

Summary of returns by counties total 636

 

覧覧

 

CENSUS OF 1786 637-689

 

Note by the Editor. 637

Resolution and form of order for the census 638

Returns by counties, in alphabetical order of towns 639-651

County of Rockingham Towns 639-651

Summary of returns from 37 towns in Rockingham County 651

 

NOTICE. By a misprint, the total number of inhabitants in Rockingham county is put down in the summary at 48,431 This is an error, which readers will please correct. The true number is 32,138. ED.

 

County of Strafford Towns 652-657

Summary of returns from eighteen towns, 13,877 657

County of Hillsborough Towns 658-670

Summary of returns from thirty-five towns, 25,933 670

County of Cheshire 671-679

Summary of returns from twenty-four towns, 15,160 679

County of Grafton 679-688

Summary of returns from twenty-four towns, 8,344 688

Summary of returns by counties 689

 

APPENDIX 691-703

Note by the Editor 693, 694

Grant of the Province of Laconia 693-696

The Squamscott or Hilton's Point Patent 697-700

The Dover Combination 700, 701

Letter from Thomas Wiggin to Sir John Cooke 701-703

 

 

 

ERRATA.

 

Some errors of dates and names have been detected in Vol. IX, which readers will please correct as follows:

 

Errors in Vol. IX.

 

P. 145, under the head of CORNISH, the word "Hartford" should in every case be Hertford.

P. 303. Gilsum was incorporated July 13, 1763, instead of "July 6." It was first called Boyle, granted Dec. 28, 1752, and settlement probably begun as early as 1754.

P. 826 Campton was first granted Oct. 9, 1761, regranted Jan. 5, 1767, settlement begun about 1765.

P. 827 Haverhill was granted May 18, 1763, instead of "1764."

P. 828 The description given of "Marlborough" chiefly belongs to the town of that name in Vermont. It should simply read, Monadnock, No. 5, was incorporated by Me name of Marlborough, Dec. 13, 1776.