BY HECTOR ADAMS, ESQ.
It is bounded N. by
The town was chartered by
Besides the 500 acres reserved to Governor Wentworth, four rights were reserved to public uses, among which, one for the use or schools, and one for the first settled minister of the gospel. The name of the town, it is supposed, was given it in honor of the distinguished poet of that name.
The town was first settled by William Irish, Leonard Owen, Amos Mansfield, Absalom Taylor and Thomas Dewey, in February, 1782.
Among the other early settlers were Gideon Hoxsie, Enoch Ashley, Zebediah Dewey, Elisha Ashley, John Mears and others.
Tradition informs us that the first settlers suffered many hardships and privations, but
probably not more than usually fell to the lot of other first
settlers in other towns in
The town was organized March 25, 1788, and Enoch Ashley was the first town clerk. It was represented in the Legislature the same year by Aaron Matthews, who was also the first justice of the peace. Gideon Hoxsie was afterwards town clerk about 40 years, and a justice of the peace over 30 years.
The surface of the town is somewhat uneven the eastern
quarter being from 1 to 300 feet above the general surface of the rest of the
town. Cobble Hill in the south, and Rattle Snake Hill in the north part, are
elevations of 400 or 500 feet above the adjacent plains, and afford fine
prospects of the surrounding country and
The soil is much diversified, consisting of sandy pine plain, clay, muck, loam and alluvial. About one-half of the surface of the town was originally covered with a dense growth of white pine timber; which tended greatly to retard agricultural pursuits in the early part of its settlement.
Many of the early settlers turned their attention to
cutting the pine timber and preparing it for the Quebec market; in the shape of
square timber and 3 inch plank or deal; which were floated to Quebec through
the waters of Lake Champlain and the rivers Sorel and St. Lawrence, where they
seldom received more than sufficient to pay for manufacturing and
transportation. After the
After the pine timber had been nearly all disposed of as above stated, the inhabitants turned their attention more to agricultural pursuits; and Milton has now become one of the best farming towns in the state.
It is watered by the River Lamoille, which passes through
the town in a circuitous course from N. E. to S. W., and many smaller streams
which empty into the Lamoille and
was the first lawyer that settled in
ALBERT G. WHITTEMORE,
a lawyer of distinction, settled in
A French Canadian by the name of Shovah died here in 1857, aged 103 years. When he was 100 years old, he shouldered half a bushel of grain and carried it on foot two miles to mill, and returned with the flour in the same manner on the same day with apparent ease.
John Mears, one of the early settlers, died here February 8, 1861, aged 96 years.
There are in this town 14 school
districts, and about 700 scholars between the ages of 4 and 18 years. There are
We are indebted to the History of Vermont by Mr. Thompson, for some of the historical items in the foregoing.
OF THE CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH IN
BY REV. GEORGE W. RENSLOW.
The Congregational church in
The following names are on record as constituting the first members, viz: Leonard Brigham and Lovice his wife, Edward Brigham, Aaron Carpenter and Hannah his wife, Moses Bascom, John Bascom, Linus Bascom, Chloe Smith, Daniel Smith, Eliza Smith, Rhoda Church, Elijah Herrick, Jabez Hyde and Mary his wife. The Church was occasionally supplied with preaching till Sept. 23, 1807, when Joseph Cheeney was constituted their pastor by a council composed of Rev. P. V. Bogue, Rev. James Parker and Rev. Benjamin Wooster and their delegates.
Mr. Cheeney was dismissed for
the want of adequate supply by a council convened Feb. 11, 1817, composed of
Rev. Messrs. Daniel Haskel, Ebenezer H. Dorman and Asaph Morgan and their delegates. After the dismission of Mr. Cheeney, the
church was destitute of a pastor for several years: the pulpit being supplied
for the greater portion of the time by Simeon Parmelee,
Jan. 1, 1850, Stephen A. Holt was ordained over the church; and dismissed Nov. 6, 1851, on account of failure of health.
After which, Simeon Parmelee,
The first house of worship was mostly built by Judge Noah Smith in the east part of the town, called the Falls, and was by him given to the Congregational church and society, together with land adjoining for a cemetery, in the year 1806 or 1807. The second meeting-house was built in 1825, a few rods north of the first, and was burnt down in 1840; the present church was erected in 1841, upon the site of the latter, and is not distinguished for its architectural elegance, or its superior adaptation to the purposes of religious worship.
Previous to the ordination of Mr. S. A. Holt, the meetings were held alternately in the east and west parts of the town. Since that time the church and society in the east part have supplied their desk the whole time, and the members in the west part have been organized into a church by themselves.
The Congregational church in
THE METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH
have a large and respectable society in
There was formerly a society of Baptists in
The Universalists have been supplied with occasional preaching at the east part of the town during the last 10 or 12 years.
JOSEPH WILLIAM ALLEN.
BY REV. J. K. CONVERSE.
Joseph W. Allen, the fifth son of the late Hon. Heman Allen, was born in
ton for several years, and then removed his office to
As a lawyer, his professional knowledge was extensive, profound, accurate. His bearing towards his brethren in the profession was always generous and scrupulously courteous. Though he possessed wit and humor, he seldom used them to the annoyance of an opponent. His pleadings at the bar were without display, simple, earnest, logical. He was always listened to by the court and jury with marked attention.
During the last years of his life, in connection with his legal studies and practice, he edited and carried through the press, two important works, viz. "Fell on Guaranty" and " Reeve's Domestic Relations."
His death, from congestion of the lungs, occurred at
"Resolved, That as a man of scholarly culture, of sound legal knowledge and of a noble generosity, we, his fellows and friends, deeply lament his untimely death."
But the character in which his personal friends deplore him most, and which will most frequently recall his memory, is that of the man. They will think how meek and gentle he was, how unpretending and modest, how true and steady in friendship, how generous to his friends, how wise and playful in mirth, how ready to counsel and how willing to oblige. These were the traits of character which drew to him the hearts of all who knew him well.
BY REV. H. CARDINAL.
Up to the year 1859 the few Catholics of Milton Falls used
to be visited occasionally by the priests of
"BITE BIGGER, BILL."
BY LIEUT. HUNTING.
'Twas a cold raw day,
And adown Broadway,
Two newsboys wandered alone.
With a hungry look,
How they search each nook,
For waste in the gutter thrown.
"Oh, here, Billy, see!"
(Cries Tommy in glee)
"You can't guess what I have found."
Then wiping the dirt
On his coarse brown shirt,
Turned his treasure round and round.
"Half a Peach, Bill, taste,"
And in noble haste
The starving boy turns, to reach—
See his beaming brow,
"Bite bigger, Bill, now,
'Cause you didn't find any peach.*
Ye misers who roll,
And entomb the soul
For a living grave of gold,
Go learn from that boy,
Of a nobler joy,
Of a wealth on earth untold.
Ye shall raise your wail,
From the dark, dark vail,
'Neath the gleam of God's dread frown;
While that simple word,
By the angels heard,
"Bite bigger, Bill," wins a crown.
God is God—nor further can we knew,
Man was, and is not; but the direful blow
Which drove from
Left noble fragments of that perfect whole.
No single sunbeam lights the rising day,
One thread of silver forms no milky way;
But mingled millions melting into one
Pour forth the galaxy and gild the sun,
So would we gather from the paths of life
No thorns and thistles of its cursed strife,
But here a gem, and there a blooming flower;
Here grains of wisdom, there of truest power.
Yes, gather always where we may or can,
These broken fragments in one perfect man.
BY NORMAN WRIGHT.
An oasis upon the sand,
An island in the sea,
A place of refuge from despair,
To which my thoughts can flee.
A sunbeam breaking through the cloud
So generous, warm and free,
The brightest page in life's dark book
That I may hope to see.
The wandering spring-bird when it comes,
And finds its favorite tree,
Shows not more joy than I must feel
When I remember thee.
MY LADY WEPT FOR ME,
The pride of festive hall was there,
No fairer flower e'er bloomed;
The gentlest angel of the air
To dwell on earth seemed doomed.
A radiant tear was on her cheek,
Her bond-soul was not free,
She loved the chains too well to speak;
My lady wept for me.
Transfixed and thrilled with deeper love,
Transfigured too she seemed;
No holier light in Heaven above
Than from her pure soul beamed;
With tender thoughts her sweet face glowed,
She prayed on bended knee,
Then heaved a sigh—the pearl-drops flowed:
My lady wept for me.
BY S. H. DAVIS, ESQ.
The town of
This town had no charter as a town, having been formed
out of the contiguous parts of other towns, viz:
I know but little of the geology of the town. Igneous and stratified rocks are apparent in various parts; principally, I understand, they are of the primary formation. They have an easterly dip of from 36°, increasing in some places until they become vertical.
Bowlders are found here from the lower members of the red sand-rock, and are instantly recognized as resembling those along the lake shore by any one acquainted with the formation. Some of them found in this and adjoining towns will weigh several tons, and are found resting on the talcose slate formation.
As to minerals, in the south-east part of Richmond on flats formed by beaver dams, on which David Robbins, a Revolutionary soldier, settled, bog-iron ore has been found, which has been dug to some extent and manufactured into iron of a good quality,
Near the ore bed one Sears erected a forge on
I am informed that the state geologists have never examined the deposits of bog and mountain ore in this vicinity, although specimens have been left with the town clerk, agreeably to their advertisement.
A few years ago Col. Rolla Gleason, while digging muck in a swamp near the top of Bryant hill, struck on some hard, bony substance, and on getting it out of the mud and examining the same, it proved to be the fossil remains of an elephant's tusk.
It was presented by Col. Gleason to the
As to the soil, the intervals along the Winooski river in