VGH Barre, Washington Co., Vt.


                                                                                                BARRE.            23












BARRE is situated in the S. E. part of Washington Co., lat, 44° 11', long. 4° 31', bounded N. by East Montpelier and Plainfield, E. by Orange, S. by Williamstown and Washington, W. by Berlin, contains 19,900 acres, and was chartered Nov. 6, 1780, to William Williams and 66 others by the name of Wildersburgh, and organized under that name Mar. 11, 1793: Joseph Dwight, first town clerk; Joseph Sherman, Joseph Dwight, Nathan Harrington, selectmen; Jonas Nichols, treasurer; Job Adams, constable; Isaac S. Thompson, Apollos Hale, Elias Cheney listers. The name of the town was soon after changed. At a town meeting holden Sept. 3, 1793,

Voted, that the man that will give the most towards building a meeting-house in said town, shall name the town, and the town will petition the Legislature for that name. The name of the town vendued and bid off by Ezekiel Dodge Wheeler, for 62£ lawful money, he being the highest bidder, and said Wheeler named the town Barre.


At the same meeting,

Voted, to recommend Lt. Benj. Walker to serve as justice of peace.


At the March meeting in 1794, the town

Voted, to vendue the collectorship to the person who will collect the taxes for the least premium, and the collectorship was vendued to Joel Shurtliff, and he is to give the town three pence, three farthings on the pound for the privilege of collecting all the town taxes.


At a town meeting holden June 23, 1794, the town

Voted, to choose a committee of three to procure a preacher of the Gospel. By vote, chose Benj. Walker, Esq., Apollos Hale and Samuel D. Cooke, committee.


The town at an early day evinced a desire to look after the moral, social and religious interests of the people that should come among them to settle on the lands, and clear them up to make a thriving community.

The settlement was commenced about 1788, by Samuel Rogers and John Goldsbury, who came into town with their families. Soon after, a number of families came in, and from 1790, the town became rapidly settled by emigrants from Massachusetts and New Hampshire. It was first represented in the General Assembly in 1793, by Nathan Harrington. The town lies 6 miles easterly from Montpelier.

The Vt. Cent. R. R. extended its line to Barre in 1875. The first passenger train carried students and those attending Goddard Seminary Commencement exercises, July 1, 1875, since which passenger and freight trains have run regularly. L. F. Aldrich, first station agent, appointed in August, 1875, served till June 1, 1878; E. K. Williams, from June 1 to July 8, 1878; and M. C. Kinson, appointed July 20, 1878, is present station agent.

Thos. W. Bailey has been passenger conductor since the road was opened, and Dexter Moody baggage-master; engineers, James Bowers, Robert Gregg, David Daniels, and present engineer, Albert Caswell. The cars have never but once been




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off the irons, it is said, on this line, and no serious accident has yet occurred. The freight business at Barre depot is ranked about the fourth on the Vt. Central lines. Barre is the present terminus of this line (1881) but it is expected it will soon be extended to Royalton. Windsor Co.

Barre has two flourishing schools—the Academy and Seminary.







BARRE ACADEMY was chartered by the Legislature in 1849. Of the first board of trustees, chosen by the corporators, Hon. Newell Kinsman was president, and Hon. Leonard Keith, secretary. In 1853, the board was increased to 25 members, who have full oversight and administration of the affairs of the school. The present officers of the board are: President, Hon. Hiram Carleton, of Montpelier; Secretary, Chas. A. Smith; Barre Prudential Committee, E. W. Bisbee, Esq., H. O. Worthen, M. D., Hon. R. E. Patterson. The academy building was erected in 1852. The school opened in that autumn, with J. S. Spaulding, A. M., principal, who came from Bakersfield, Vt., where, as Prof. Benedict, of Burlington, wrote for the "Free Press" at that time, he had "acquired a high reputation by his superior management of Bakersfield Academy." Mr. Spaulding continued at the head of Barre Academy until his death, which occurred suddenly of heart disease, Apr. 29, 1880, and during all this time he maintained his reputation as one of the ablest and most successful teachers of the State, and by his persistent and self-denying labors made the Academy one which, for excellent discipline and thorough practical training, was unsurpassed by any school in the country. Mr. Spaulding's influence was also felt among all the teachers of the State. He was one of the founders, and for many years the president, of the Vermont State Teachers' Association. He was keenly alive to all the material interests of the community in which he resided, by his instruction of the young men, by his conversations with the fathers, and by the enthusiastic labors and the practical experiments by which he converted the little farm on which he lived and died from a barren hillside pasture to a fertile field, and pleasant grounds, with quiet and cooling shades, he did much to awaken among the farmers of town a higher idea of their calling, and to stimulate a taste for scientific farming in its truest sense. He was chosen a delegate to the constitutional convention in 1870; in 1876, elected a representative to the legislature. The degree of L. L. D. was conferred upon him by Middlebury College in 1868.

Dr. Spaulding was born in Tewksbury, Mass., and while a child, removed with his parents to Temple, N. H. where he lived until he entered Dartmouth College in 1837 graduating in 1841. He was soon after married to Miss Mary W. Taylor, who in his labors was a most interested and efficient co-worker, and who now survives him. They had no children.

The school has since the death of Dr. Spaulding been under the charge of A. N. Wheelock, A. M., a graduate of the institution, class '73, and of the U. V. M., class '78, and under his able management, promises to maintain its high reputation among the educational institutions of the State. There have been connected with the school as assistant principals since its establishment 24 gentlemen: Rev. Simeon Gilbert, editor of the Advance, Chicago, Ill.; Rev. A. W. Hazen, of Middletown, Ct.; I. W. Camp, A. M., Chicago, III.; Hon. John M. Thatcher, ex-Commissioner of Patents, Chicago, Ill.; Hon. Senaca Hasleton, Judge of Municipal Court, Burlington, Vt., and others; and about 30 ladies, some of whom have been well known teachers in other schools of the land, have been employed as assistants. The number of scholars of both sexes who have completed the courses of studies prescribed has been nearly 300, and the honorable record made by some of these, and of the thousands more who have been for a longer or a shorter period connected with the school, afford the surest testimony of the faithful work done by its teachers in the past. Names of a few old




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students who have become prominent in the localities in which they have settled, and in the calling they have chosen. Walworth Z. Mitchell, Esq., Superintendent of Schools, Memphis, Tenn.; Hon. John I. Gilbert, Malone, N. Y.; Hon. John M. Thatcher, Chicago, Ill.; Percis A. Thompson, teacher, Goddard Seminary, Barre, Vt.; Rev. Geo. P. Beard, Principal S. N. School, Shippenburgh, Pa.; Miss Emily Cook, teacher, Chicago, Ill.; Hon. Geo. L. Godfrey, Des Moines, Iowa; Hon. Albert Clark, St. Albans, Vt.; Rev. J. J. Lewis, So. Boston, Mass.; Hon. M. B. Carpenter, Denver, Colorado; Hon. Senaca Hasleton, Burlington, Vt. The Academy has always been under the control of those who are Congregationalists; still there has never been any discrimination with respect to the advantages of the school, and there is nothing in the rules or the discipline of the school which distinguishes between scholars of this and any other religious belief. The corriculum of studies covers a course of 4 years, and is admirably adapted to fit students for any New England college, or for the active pursuit of a business or professional life. The attendance for the school year, ending June 16, 1881, aggregated 175. The graduating class numbered 9-5 gentlemen and 4 ladies.







It was chartered and organized Jan. 11, 1873, by the removal of the old Chelsea Bank to this place, effected through the influence of Hon. B. W. Bartholomew, of Washington, Vt., and Dr. Braley, of Barre. Dr. N. W. Braley was chosen President of the first board of directors, and William G. Austin, Cashier. Mr. Austin died of typhoid fever in the autumn of the same year, and was succeeded by Chas. A. King till 1877.

On the night of the 5th of July, 1875, an attempt was made to burglarize the bank by compelling the Cashier to disclose the combination of the locks, which was foiled by a chronometer lock that had been placed upon the safe only a few days previous.

By the prompt and courageous action of Mr. King, who was, on the departure of the robbers left with his family, bound in his house, nearly half a mile from the village, but who soon slipped his bonds, and alarmed the officers of the bank. A pursuit was instituted, which resulted in the capture of one of the burglars near Rumney, N. H., the next day, and subsequently two others of the gang were arrested in New York city. One was delivered up to serve out an unexpired term at Sing Sing; one, Geo. Miles with numerous aliases, was brought to Montpelier, tried and sentenced to 15 years in the State Prison. The one first arrested, called Peter Curley, turned state's evidence, and was discharged.

Mr. King resigned his position as cashier June 11, 1877, and was succeeded by E. D. Blackwell, who resigned Feb. 26, 1881, to become cashier of the National Bank of Montpelier, F. L. Eaton being chosen to succeed him.

There have been chosen 11 directors of the bank since its organization, of whom only two have died in office: Hon. Luther M. Martin, of Williamstown, died in 1874, and Dr. Braley in 1880. The capital stock of the bank was at its organization $200,000, but by a vote of the stockholders in 1880, it was reduced to $100,000. The board of directors chosen at the annual meeting in 1881, were L. F. Aldrich, Josiah Wood, Willard S. Martin, B. W. Braley and J. M. Perry. These elected L. F. Aldrich, president, B. W. Braley, vice president, F. L. Eaton, cashier.





The first President of the National Bank of Barre, was born in Pomfret, Vt., Aug. 14, 1823, and was graduated at the Vt. Medical College at Woodstock, in 1844. He soon after commenced practice in Washington, Vt., where he remained a few years, and moved to Chelsea, where he lived until he came to Barre. By his skill and success as a physician, the Doctor in the 25 years of his practice gained an extensive and a lucrative ride and a reputation which placed him in the first rank of physicians in the State. He removed to Barre in 1872, and identified himself at once with the




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business interests of the place, using his influence, and freely contributing of his means to further every enterprise which promised to promote the prosperity of the place. He died Sept. 11, 1880, of apoplexy. His wife, Mrs. Armina (Califf) Braley, to whom he was married Nov. 16, 1852, and 3 sons, survive him.





At the annual session of the Vt. State Convention of Universalists in Montpelier, 1863, a committee was appointed to obtain a charter for a state denominational school of the highest grade below that of college, and the charter was obtained of the Legislature the same fall, under title of Green Mountain Central Institute; name changed Nov. 1870, to Goddard Seminary.

The charter has the right to hold personal and real estate to the amount of $100,000. The charter obtained, Prof. Shipman, now of Tufts College, took the field to raise money till Sept. 1864; raised $15,000; increased afterwards by Rev. J. J. Lewis, Rev. S. W. Squire and others, to about $50,000, and $ 10,000 was given by the late Thomas A. Goddard, of Boston. Fall of 1864, location was referred to committee: Rev. A. A. Miner, D. D., Boston, Hon. E. Trask, Springfield, Mass., Rev. G. W. Bailey, Lebanon, N. H. Springfield, So. Woodstock, Bethel, Northfield and East Montpelier competed for the institution. It is said through influence of Judge Tilden, largely, Barre location won, a 9½ acre lot of land on an elevated plain, a little to the north of Barre village, commanding a wide and beautiful prospect. The building committee was Hon. Heman Carpenter, L. F. Aldrich, Charles Templeton; T. W. Silloway, of Boston, architect. Judge Carpenter was a devoted friend to the enterprise, and Messrs. Aldrich and Templeton gave the greater part of their time for 3 years without remuneration. The budding was completed in about 4 years. 160 ft. length; central part, 52 ft. sq.; wings, 53½ ft. length by 43 width; 9 feet back from central front; foundation bed, coarse, hard gravel; walls, split granite, laid in mortar upward to basement windows; height, 5 stories; body of edifice, hard-burnt bricks, best quality; material taken out of the hill on which the building stands; manufactured on the spot at cost of about 7,000; at top of basement story, belt 9 inches width, of hewn granite, with fine cut work 4 inches deep extending completely around the building; window-sills and edifice trimmings, all of granite; over central part, two towers, extending 45 feet above the main building; but the charm of all, is the scenery amid which it is located. The sweep of view is remarkably fine the site commands. It was opened for instruction Feb. 1870, L. L. Burington, A. M., first principal, for 2½ years, now principal of Dean Academy, Mass. F. M. Harris was the second principal, 1½ years, now principal of Somerville, Mass., High School. Henry Priest, the third and present principal, has now presided over the institution 7 years. The whole number of students to 1881, 831; graduates, 132; average attendance, 275. Rev. C. H. Eaton, class of '70, first class of Goddard Seminary, is pastor of the Church of Divine Paternity, in place of the late E. H. Chapin, New York.

Both the Academy and Seminary at Barre have always been open to the education of both sexes, and have always maintained an honorable and high position in the State as educational institutions.

The Seminary has about $80,000 invested in school property; fund of $10,000 just completed—June, 1881. Present board of teachers: Henry Priest, principal, assisted by Charles C. Bates, A. M., and J. N. Darling, B. Ph., in fall term; Miss Flora C. Eaton, preceptress; Misses P. A. Thompson, A. J. Watson, S. C. Tilden, F. A. West., F. J. Hopkins, assistant teachers; W. A. Wheaton, music-teacher; J. M. Kent, penmanship. Number of trustees (1880) 30; President, Rev. W. R. Shipman, A. M., College Hill, Mass.; Vice President, N. W. Braley, M. D. (deceased) Barre; Secretary and Treasurer, George Tilden, Barre; Hon. Harvey Tilden, L. F. Aldrich, Henry Priest, Charles Templeton. David W. Mower, Esq., Miles Morrison,




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Esq., Rev. W. M. Kimmell, trustees residing in Barre, other trustees residing in the County: Rev. J. E. Wright, Hon. Chas. H. Heath, Hon. Clark King, A. J. Hollister, Esq., Montpelier; Hon. Heman Carpenter, John Gregory, Northfield; I. S. Dwinell, Calais; S. D. Hollister, Marshfield. Miss Tilden, teacher, now Mrs. Averill.

The soil of the town is generally very good, producing wheat, rye, oats, corn and potatoes in abundance; along the streams the meadows produce good crops of hay. There is an abundance of sugar maple on the lands back from the streams, from which a large amount of sugar is yearly made.





Nathan Harrington, 1793; Asaph Sherman, 1794, '95, '96; Benjamin Walker, 1797, '99; Nathaniel Killam, 1798; James Fisk, 1800, '1, '2, '3, '4, '9, 'l0, '15; Luther Holton, 1805; Nathan Carpenter, 1806; John Dodge, 1807, 1808; Nathan Stone, 1811; Warren Ellis, 1812, '13, '14, '16, '17, '20, '22; Phineas Thompson, 1818, '19, '27; Jacob Scott, 1821; Peter Nichols, 1823, '26, '28; Denison Smith, 1824, '25, '29; Alvan Carter, 1830, '32, '33; Lucius B. Peck, 1831; John Twing, 1834, '35 Jacob Scott, Jr., 1836, '37, '38; Newell Kinsman, 1839, '40; Leonard Keith, 1841, '42; David D. Wing, 1843, '44; Webber Tilden, 1845; Obadiah Wood, 1846; George W. Collamer, 1847, '48; Harvey Tilden, 1849; Warren H. Ellis, 1850; Jesse Scott, 1851, '52; Denison K. Smith, 1853, '57; Joseph Sargent, 1854, '55; Joseph C. Parker, 1856; None, 1858, '61, '64; Leonard F. Aldrich, 1859, '60; Ira Holden, 1862, '63; Geo. W. Tilden, 1865, '66; Frank Stafford, 1867; Charles Q. Reed, 1868; William E. Whitcomb, 1869, '70, '71.





Joseph Dwight, 1793, '94, '95; Gardner Wheeler, 1796, '97; Nathan Carpenter, 1798, '99, 1800, '1, '2, '3, '4, '5, '6; Sherman Minott, 1807, '8, '9, '10; Warren Ellis, 1811, '12, '13, '14, '15, '16, '17; Joseph Ripley, 1818 to 1840; Alvan Carter, 1841 to 1862; Albert Johonnott, 1863; Clark Holden, 1864; Carlos Carpenter, 1865, '66, '67. '68, '69, '70, '71.





Job Adams, 1793, '97; Joel Shurtliff, 1794; Samuel Scott, 1795; Isaac S. Thompson, 1796, 1812; Apollos Hale. 1798; James Paddock. 1799, 1800, 'l0, '11, '13; Reuben Carpenter, 1802, 1803; Phineas Thompson, 1804; Ezekiel D. Wheeler, 1805; Chapin Keith, 1806, '7, '9; Andrew Dewey, 1808; Peter Nichols, 1814, '15, '16, 17, '18, '19, '23, '24, '25, '26, '27, '28; Moses Rood, Jr., 1820, '21, 22; Lewis Peck, 1829; Otis Peck, 1830, '31, '32, '33, '34, '35; Thomas Town, 1836, '37, '38, '39; Alvan Drury, 1840, '41, '42, '43, '44, '45, '47, '48, '49, '50, '51; Joseph C. Parker, 1852; Silas Town, Jr., 1853; David D. Wing, 1854, '55, '56; Micah French, 1857, '58, '59; N. F. Averill, 1860, '61, '62, '63, '68, '69, '70, '71; A. M. Jackman, 1846, 1865; A. A. Nichols, 1864; Ira P. Harrington, 1866: A. J. Smith, 1867.




was one of the early settlers in Barre. He was born in Rehoboth, Mass., 1751, was a Lieutenant in the Revolution, was at the capture of Burgoyne, and commanded a company of the Massachusetts line, (his captain being sick). He removed to Barre, Mar. 1793; held the office of selectman a number of years; was a Colonel of the militia; was the first justice of the peace; represented the town in the General Assembly, and was called to discharge the duties of arbitrator and committee to settle matters of difference between his townsmen and the towns around him in numberless instances. He was quite infirm for some years previous to his death, which occurred at Barre, May, 1823.




was the sixth settler in Barre. He came from Holden, Mass., about the year 1790, and settled on the East hill in the town; cleared the farm on which his grandson, Ira P. Harrington, now resides; was one of the first board of selectmen; was the first town representative, and discharged the duties of many of the town offices, with




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great promptness. He was a Mark Antony man—He "spoke right on," was always kind and generous, frank and honest. He was nearly blind some years before his death, which occurred at Barre, July 30, 1828, aged 71 years.



came into Barre about 1796, from Greenwich, Mass.; was elected one of the selectmen in 1799, a member of the Legislature in 1800, and represented the town 9 years; was a judge of the County Court in 1802; was 10 years a Member of Congress; received the appointment of Governor of the Territory of Indiana, which he declined; was a Senator in Congress from 1817 to 1819, when he accepted the appointment of Collector for the District of Vermont, and subsequently removed to Swanton. He was a very able and efficient legislator; could express his views upon almost any subject without previous preparation. He was a firm friend of Mr. Madison, and frequently counselled with him relative to the subject of carrying on the War of 1812. Judge Fisk was a Republican of that time, and a live Whig in 1840. He died some years since.



came into Barre about 1803, from Claremont, N. H.; was born May 24, 1777. He was a saddler by trade, and carried on the business very successfully. He gave considerable attention to music, was a good performer on the violin, taught singing, and was one of the best vocalists of his day. After he had done singing in public, he took great delight in conversing and instructing others in the science of music. He held the office of town clerk of Barre 7 years, was judge of the County Court 6 years, and represented the town 7 years in the General Assembly. He has one son, Warren H. Ellis, Esq., who resides at Waukegan, Ill.; is clerk of the County Court for that county, and one daughter, Mrs. D. H. Sherman, who resides in the West. He died at Barre, June 10, 1842, aged 65 years.



was one of the first settlers in Barre; took up the lot of land on which John N. Wilson now resides; cleared it up, and resided on the same lot until his death, which took place Aug. 26, 1841, aged 96 years.



settled at an early day in the south-easterly part of the town; carried on the tanning and shoemaker business a number of years. He became involved in building a part of the Chelsea turnpike in 1808; sold out and retired from business, but lived to the age of 99 years. His death occurred June 7, 1862.



came into Barre about 1808, from Plainfield, N. H., and established himself as an attorney, and became eminent in his profession. He was called to many offices, of trust; was 6 years State's attorney, 3 years a member of the Legislature, and one year judge of the County Court. In all his business relations, he was ever true to every trust; was genial, kind and affable; never urging suitors into litigation. His health was poor for some years previous to his death, which occurred at Barre, Feb. 8, 1836, aged 51 years. He left one son,




who was a graduate of Dartmouth College; fitted himself for the practice of law, resided in Barre, and became a good book lawyer. He represented the town in the Legislature 2 years, and was State's attorney 2 years. He was twice married, but was without wife or children at his death, which took place at Barre, Mar. 6, 1860; age 38 years.







The Congregational church was organized Nov. 14, 1799, consisting of 12 members. The council called for the organization of the church was made up of Revs. Richard Ransom, of Woodstock, John Ransom, of Rochester, Jonathan Kinney, of Plainfield, and James Hobart, of Berlin, and Deacon William Wood, delegate from Woodstock. During the first 7 years the church had no settled pastor. February 22, 1807, the Rev. Aaron Palmer was or‑




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dained, and his ministry continued until his death, Feb. 7, 1821.

Rev. Justus W. French was ordained over this church May 23, 1822, and dismissed Dec. 22, 1831.

Rev. Joseph Thatcher was installed Jan. 6, 1835, and dismissed Jan. 31, 1838.

Rev. James W. Wheelock was installed Sept. 17, 1838, and dismissed Nov. 20, 1839.

Rev. Andrew Royce was installed Feb. 24, 1841, and dismissed Sept. 18, 1856.

Rev. E. Ervin Carpenter was installed Dec. 22, 1857, and dismissed Mar. 6, 1867.

Rev. Leonard Tenney commenced preaching for this people in Oct., 1867, and still (1871) continues to be their minister.

The first meeting-house was raised in the fall of 1804, but was not fully finished until 1808. The church and society continued to worship there until 1841, when the present brick church was erected, which has since, been very tastefully fitted up inside, by frescoing and carpeting, etc. It has a fine toned bell and a large organ, and the attendance has always been quite large. A large and flourishing Sabbath-school has been kept up for many years past.

The Society have a very commodious parsonage. Rev. Mr. Tenney resigned his charge May 1, 1881. Under his ministry the church was prospered; differences of opinion which had existed between members were adjusted, and 130 new members added to their number; a debt that had been incurred was paid, and the society placed on a sound financial basis. By his resignation, which he was moved to tender on account of failing health, the church lost a faithful pastor and leader.

The Rev. P. McMillan, a graduate of Union Theological Seminary, is at present supplying the pulpit. No. of membership in 1880, 171; Sabbath-school, 256.







The first Methodist sermon was preached in Barre in 1796, by Rev. Jesse Lee, the great apostle of Methodism in New England, in the house of Col. Benj. Walker. While listening to the sermon of Mr. Lee at this meeting, Mrs. Catherine Thompson, the wife of Isaac S. Thompson, received into her heart the precious seed of the Gospel sower, and the following day her husband, listening to a sermon from Mr. Lee, gave his heart to the Saviour. Others soon joined them, and a class was formed consisting of 11 members. Mrs. Thompson died in this same Christian faith, Apr. 13, 1860, aged 93 years, living all this while within one mile of where she heard the memorable discourse of Mr. Lee. In the year 1797, Rev. Ralph Williston was sent to Barre as preacher. The church since that time has been blest with good and efficient preachers. It has witnessed three great revivals, in 1824, '26 and '42, under the labors of Revs. A. D. Merrill, I. Templeton, Daniel Kilborn, H. W. Wheelock, N. H. Houghton and J. L. Slason. The labors of other ministers have been crowned with abundant success. The church now numbers 165 members and 32 probationers, and is on the whole in a prosperous condition.


The first church was erected on the common, but in what year the writer is unable to learn. [For date of early history of Methodism in Barre, the reader is referred to the history of Methodism in Williamstown in the supplement volume of this work—Ed.] It was subsequently removed across the road to where the Congregational parsonage now stands. In the year 1837, a new church was erected, and 3 years since it was refitted and repaired at an expense of $8,000. A fine parsonage is located opposite the church, which is furnished with the heavy furniture. This is considered among the best appointments in the Vermont Conference. The congregations are large on the Sabbath, the Sabbath-school is in a prosperous condition, and the social meetings are of an interesting character. During its history no minister who has served it has degenerated, and no serious church trials have been experienced by its members. The oldest member connected with this church now living, (1871) is Mrs. Content




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Patterson, aged 94 years, with her mental powers all vigorous. She has always enjoyed good health—(deceased).







The Universalist Church in Barre was organized Oct. 27, 1796. The Town Records, (vol. 1), has the following certificate:


These may certify whom it may concern, that John Goldsbury, John Goldsbury, Jr., William Goldsbury, Thomas Dodge, Calvin Smith, Bartholomew French, Thomas Ralph, Amos Conant, Eliphalet Densmore, George Little, Lemuel Farwell, Jonathan Culver, Sylvanus Goldsbury, Henry Gale, Phineas Richardson, James Bodwell, have formed themselves into a Religious Society, professing themselves to be of the Universalist Denomination, viz.: Believing in universal redemption and salvation by the merits of Jesus Christ.

          WILLIAM FARWELL, Elder.


This organization was formed 16 years after the township was chartered, and 3 years after it received the name of Barre.

Although Universalism in this place has passed through various fortunes, it has never since been disorganized. The large and influential society and church now existing here are the outgrowth of this apparently small beginning.

There were Universalists among the first settlers of the town. John Goldsbury, whose name stands at the head of the sixteen which represent the original society, was one who began "the work of converting the wilderness into farms." And most of these men are known to have been men of intelligence, enterprise and good moral and religious character. Some of them were prominent citizens among the earlier settlers of the town, and a large part of them are still represented by leading families in the community, and in the Universalist church.



whose name is affixed to the certificate of organization as the Elder of the society, was not a resident of Barre at the time the society was formed, but visited this and other places in the vicinity from time to time. He moved to Barre from North Charlestown, N. H., some time in 1803 or '4. But there is little doubt he labored considerably with the society before he came to live with it. Mr. Farwell was the first resident Universalist minister in Barre. He did not preach here all the time, but did the work of an Evangelist in the region round about. We have no means of knowing what portion of the time be preached in Barre; but we know he often took quite extensive missionary tours in the State and into other States. Probably he did not regard himself at any time as strictly the pastor of the society; but he gave it much of his labor, and contributed largely to its establishment and growth. He was a man of fervent piety, and greatly beloved, not only in his own church, but by all who knew him. He died at the residence of his son, and his body was laid to rest in the rural graveyard, near his old home in the south-east part of the town. Upon the stone which marks his grave we read this just tribute:


Rev. William Farwell, died Dec. 11th, 1823, in the 74th year of his age. He was a preacher of God's universal love, cheerful and friendly in life, faithful in his labors, and departed in hope of future life and immortality.


In 1808, the Rev. Paul Dean moved to Barre, and became pastor of the society. He labored with it several years with great success. After his removal, it had no resident pastor until 1821; but was supplied by various clergymen a portion of the time.


In 1821, REV. JOHN E. PALMER was settled, and preached here statedly, a part of the time for 15 years. At that period in the history of our church, much missionary labor was demanded. Our preachers were few, and not many of them were permitted to give their undivided labors to the care of one church. Mr. Palmer was often called to other fields of labor, and the church in Barre had to seek frequent supplies by other preachers. REV. THOMAS BROWNING was regularly employed a quarter of the time for several years, thus releasing Mr. Palmer, and enabling him to comply with the numerous demands for his services. Other preachers were also




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frequently employed, under the ministry of Mr. Palmer and Mr. Browning. Against all these disadvantages, the church steadily increased in numbers, strength and spiritual life. Fathers Palmer and Browning still live, (1871) rejoicing for what has been done by their instrumentality, not only in Barre, but in many other fields which are now rich with harvests, grown from the seed which they sowed.

In 1822, the society built a substantial brick church at South Barre, in which it worshipped until 1852.

Rev. R. S. Sanborn became pastor here in May, 1844, and was dismissed by his own request Oct. 1, 1848.

Rev. Joseph Sargent took charge in the autumn of 1849. His resignation was accepted at the annual meeting, January 12, 1857. His labors contributed largely to the growth of the church. By his untiring efforts a new and beautiful church was built in the Lower Village in 1852. The business and population of the town had largely moved to this village, and the life of the church seemed to be waning.

The church built in 1852, is the one in which the congregation now worships. It needs and will soon receive, extensive repairs. Since the society moved to its present place of worship, its growth has been constant and rapid. There are now 100 families connected with the society.

The church was re-organized in October, 1859, and since, 136 persons have united with it; present membership, 118. There is connected with the society a flourishing Sabbath-school, and it has a good parsonage. The society has a small fund from which it derives an annual income.

The present pastor, Rev. F. S. Bliss. began his labors Mar. 8, 1857, and has preached to it all the time for nearly 15 years.

GODDARD SEMINARY, under the control of the Universalists of Vermont, was located in this town in 1864, and is in intimate connection with this society. It has contributed $25,000 within 6 years for its benefit. In the meantime it has done its full share in sustaining the various enterprises of the denomination. It has contributed liberally for the freedmen, for the circulation of the Bible, for missionary work and other benevolent enterprises. And it now develops more ability, zeal and liberality than ever before. In numbers, wealth, intelligence, moral and Christian character, it is thought to compare favorably with the other churches in town.

Barre, 1871.


Record continued to 1881, by Rev. W. M. KIMMELL.


Rev. F. S. BLISS resigned his pastorate of 15 years, 2 mos. from ill health, preaching his last sermon, April 28, 1872.

Rev E. J. Chaffee succeeded Mr. Bliss for one year; after him Rev. Lester Warren 2 years. Upon his departure the old church edifice was enlarged and remodeled at a cost of several thousand dollars. The present building is modern in style, commodious, and nicely furnished. In the fall of 1875, the Rev. James Vincent became pastor of the society, remaining until February, 1880, and followed the first of the next month by myself. There are 120 families belonging to the parish. The Sunday school has enrolled 180. The Library contains 501 volumes.


Pastor of Universalist Society.







For a while after the first settlers came in there was no grist-mill in town, and they had to go 20 miles or more to Randolph with their grists. There then was no road through the gulf as at present; they had to go by way of the route since known as the old Paine Turnpike. The first roads built in town were over the hills instead of around them. The object sought was to go as much on dry ground as possible. At an early day there was a turn pike road chartered and built, commencing at the checkered store in Barre and ending at Chelsea. The gate to this pike was in the town of Washington. This pike was the main thoroughfare south-east, leading
from town towards Massachusetts, and an outlet for traffic to and from Boston. At




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a later date, Ira Day, then the principal merchant in town, obtained a charter for a turnpike through the celebrated gulf in Williamstown. This was found to be a feasible and easily built road—was owned and built principally by Mr. Day—and found to be a source of profit, taking away a large part of the travel from the Chelsea route. The gulf road subsequently became the stage route, traversed by six and eight horse coaches, taking the travel from Montpelier and towns north, from Canada, even, and at one time carrying the British mail, which came then by the way of Boston, a British soldier accompanying each mail having his musket always in readiness for depredators.



before the advent of railroads, were a prominent feature in the business of Barre, and were owned principally by Ira Day and Mahlon Cottrill, of Montpelier. When the stage horn was heard, there was always a rush for news, and the few moments the stage stopped, spectators were abundant.

Barre was also celebrated for its six and eight horse teams which carried freight to and from Boston, for Montpelier merchants as well as for those in Barre. Six or eight such teams were always on the road, and the regular trips were made once in each three weeks. Among the foremost of these teamsters was Capt. Wm. Bradford. He had one horse who went 100 trips without missing a single trip, going, of course, each journey for 6 years without a rest. A large per cent. of the heavy freight drawn consisted of hogsheads of new rum, to supply Montpelier and Barre. Some say as much as one-half, but perhaps one third would be nearer correct.



Barre has always held a good rank in raising good horses, some spans selling as high as $1,000, and some stock horses selling for several thousand. As a farming town, Barre ranks among the best in the State.

Formerly sheep and wool-raising was the leading interest, but of late years dairying has taken the lead. Although there are no large dairies in town, those of from 10 to 25 cows are numerous. We have one creamery where excellent butter is made, and the milk is used after skimming to make skim cheese. A large amount of Western grain is being used by dairymen; whether to profit or not, is a question to be settled by longer experience.

Grain and potatoes, in the early days of the settlers, were much used in the manufacture of whisky, but of late years it has entirely ceased. Potato starch was formerly made in large quantities, potatoes selling at the first introduction of the business from 10 to 14 cents per bushel, delivered at the factory.

Wool-carding and cloth-dressing was formerly quite an extensive business. The first carding works were built by John Baker, and were situated on the site now occupied by the Fork Co. It was also early introduced by Ira Day, near South Barre.

Once on a time Mr. Day and his foreman were in his mill in time of a freshet. The mill was in much danger of going down stream. It soon started, Mr. Day and his man in the meantime rushing for the door, too late to reach dry land, sprang upon some timbers floating within reach. The timbers were sometimes uppermost, and then the men, but after a cool and dangerous ride, both were happy to regain solid ground, wetter, if not better, men than before.



John Baker was at a very early day appointed postmaster, and held the office many years. Afterwards it was located at South Barre, and Walter Chaffee appointed P. M. Mr. Chaffee was a large, fleshy man, a tailor with a wooden leg. Each Sunday he would come to church at the north part of the town, with the week's mail in the top of his hat, and deliver the same at noon upon the meeting-house steps, to the various claimants. Postage was then 25 cents for each letter that came over 400 miles; 6 cents and one-fourth




                                                                  BARRE.                                                              33


was for the shortest distance, each one paying when he got his letter.

Alvan Carter was the successor of Mr. Chaffee, and held the office a long time. After his time was ended, there was a loud call for a P. O at the lower village, and warm discussions were held which should be Barre, and which North or South Barre. But the people in the north part of the town carried their point, and since have largely outstripped their southern rival. It is now the main business centre. Since the office has been at the north village, the respective postmasters have been, James Hale, Frances Hale, E. E. French, G. B. Putnam, Stillman Wood, and Wm. A. Perry, the present occupant.



in town were SILAS WILLARD, who built the checked store in the lower village. IRA DAY was located at South Barre, and for many years the leading merchant in town. Each year he bought large droves of beef cattle in this and the surrounding towns, for the Boston market, which gave him an extensive and lucrative business, no one knew how to manage better than himself. At the time Gen Lafayette made the tour of New England, he was the guest of Mr. Day, who furnished a splendid coach and six beautiful white horses for transportation of the General and his suite.


JACK POLLARD was also a merchant in those early days, of considerable notoriety. He was famous for collecting large droves of mules which were raised at that time, and sent south. Of late years the business has been entirely abandoned.

Other merchants of a more recent date were Harry Tracy, Daniel Spring, Center Lamb, George W. Collamer, John & Charles French, I. A. Phillips, H. W. French, and several others since. The present merchants are Perry & Camp, H. Z. Mills, John Morrison, L. J. Bolster, dry goods; men's furnishing goods, G. P. Boyce; drugs and medicines, Wm. H. Gladding, Chas. A. Smith; flour and feed, H. Webster, R. L. Clark, L. M. Averill, L. J. Bolster; hardware and tin, J. M. Jackman, G. I. Reynolds.

Until the advent of railroads, the town was well supplied with hotels, or taverns, as the older folks called them. The three principal in an early day were, one at South Barre, owned and run by James Paddock, one at the Lower village, owned by Apollos Hale, and afterwards by James, his son; also one at Gospel village, so called, ½ mile east of Lower village. Judge Keith, the proprietor, was one of the noted men in town, and high sheriff of the County for several years. He used to relate that from the profits of his office of high sheriff he built, and paid for building, his tavern stand in one year.

Judge Keith was a man of much influence, and held many and important offices. His family of boys were intelligent and influential, and also became leading men. The late Judge Keith, of Montpelier, was his oldest son.

Subsequently there were at least 6 taverns in town at one time, all doing an extensive business, owing to the large amount of travel which went through town, but since the advent of the railroad, hotels are at a great discount.

When the first settlers commenced to clear their land and raise wheat, the wild pigeons came in great abundance, so much so as to be quite a drawback, and it required great care and skill to protect the crops from their depredations. They might be seen at all hours of the day flying from point to point in different directions all about town. Thousands were caught by nets, but for the want of proper markets, were of little value, except what could be used by the inhabitants, and at some seasons of the year they were lean and scarce fit for the table.

Uncle Brown Dodge, who was famous for his large stories, and told them so often he supposed them to be true, used to relate that once when he had sown a piece of wheat, he saw it covered with pigeons, and went for his old fusee, and fired just as the pigeons were rising, and was aware of making an under-shot— "Never killed a pigeon, not a pigeon—but mind you," said he, "I went into the field afterwards and picked up two bushels of legs."




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Mr. Dodge had three sons. Two of them settled on excellent farms, and became influential and wealthy, and the younger one went with his family as Missionary to the Cherokee Indians. He had two sons, who when grown to man's estate were in need of some one for soothing the rough passage of life. Mr. Dodge, the father, started East, came to Vermont, and when he returned was accompanied by two handsome young ladies, and very soon after his arrival home, had the satisfaction of seeing his sons both married to Vermont girls. Leonard, the oldest son, became a teacher; the younger son built and run a saw-mill. He was a brave young man, to whom the Indians took an offence, and one day, while standing in his mill, a bullet from an Indian's rifle came rushing through his heart.



settled in town about 1806, and spent a long life in the practice of his profession He was a well-educated and energetic man, successful in practice, and not easily turned from his own way. To illustrate: He was troubled with an in-growing nail on the great toe of his right foot. One morning he came into his office, where his son and another student were studying, bringing in a chisel and mallet. Having suitably placed his chisel, he told a student to take the
mallet and strike. He at first refused, but he said he should be obeyed—I tell you to strike. The toe went flying across the room, and the remedy was successful.

Doct. Lyman Paddock, son of Doct. Robert, who succeeded him in practice, spent a long number of years in the profession. He is now with his sister in Illinois, is 97 or 98 years old, with a fair prospect of living to be a hundred.



was another of our early and noted physicians. He was a man of decided talents, and had a large number of students, some of whom became men of talents. The celebrated Doct. Socrates Sherman, of Ogdensburg, N. Y., was one of his students, and a Barre boy, the son of Capt. Asaph Sherman. Time does not permit us to mention particularly all who have practiced in town, but we will not neglect to speak of



who removed to Lowell, Mass., and became celebrated as a successful surgeon.

Later came Doct. A. B. Carpenter and Doct. A. E. Bigelow, now our oldest practicing physician. Doct. H. O. Worthen, Doct. J. H. Jackson, Doct. A. E. Field and Doct. B. W. Braley are our present physicians in the allopathy practice. Doct. H. E. Packer succeeds the late Doct. C. H. Chamberlin as a homoeopathist.



in town: one of the first was Judge James Fisk; another, the Hon. Dennison Smith, of both of whom, see notice by Mr. Carpenter.

Hon. LUCIUS B. PECK, a partner of Judge Smith, was a man of note and a representative in Congress.

NEWELL KINSMAN was in practice for a long time, associated in business a part of the time with E. E. French, Esq. C. W. Upton, D. K. Smith, L. C. Wheelock, have all successfully practiced in town.

Our present lawyers are: Wm. A. & O. B. Boyce, E. W. Bisbee and G. W. Bassett.




There is no land in town so broken but what each lot is capable of becoming a passable farm if well cultivated. No broken land except the granite hills, which are still more valuable than the land in general. The streams were formerly well stocked with the speckled trout, but of late years they have become exceeding scarce. The first settlers found wild game quite plenty, but bears and other large game found too many sharp hunters to make their haunts safe places to dwell in.

Doct. Robert Paddock kept a small pack of hounds, and no music was sweeter to his ear than the baying of his dogs. General Blanchard was not much behind the Doctor in his love of the same kind of music. Occasionally a bear was captured; generally by a regular hunt, when every man had a chance to show skill, as well as the more practiced huntsman. There was




                                                                  BARRE.                                                              35


one killed in 1844 or '5, and but one since to the writer's knowledge.


Our most successful hunter was Lemuel Richardson, who is now living in our midst, and is 81 years old. His record is as follows: Between the years of 1821 and 1847, he killed with hound and gun 714 foxes; since then he has taken in traps 675, making in all 1,389 foxes. He has during the same time killed of other game three deer, 12 fishers, five otter and sable, coons, muskrats and mink too numerous to mention. Mr. R. is a man to be relied on, and the above statement may be taken as correct.



is situated nearly in the centre of the town. The principal stream running through the village is called Jail Branch, taking its name from a log jail once built on its bank. Coming from the south part of the town is a stream called Stevens' Branch, and uniting with Jail Branch before it enters the village. On this stream is situated a famous water-privilege called Day's mills, on which is now a grist and saw-mill, an extensive door, sash and blind manufactory; on the same stream there is also Robinson's sash and blind establishment and granite polishing works, and on the same strewn before it enters Jail Branch is located Moorcroft Flannel Factory. The first water occupied on Jail Branch is by the Stafford & Holden Manufacturing Company, for the purpose of manufacturing all kinds of hay and manure forks, potato diggers, etc., and in addition to the water power they have a 30 or 40 horse-power engine. Next on the stream are the mills and furnace of Smith, Whitcomb & Cook. These, are the works formerly owned by Joshua Twing, once a celebrated mill builder.

There is one principal street running through the village, called Main street, and near the upper end of the village called South Main street; Bridge street crossing the Branch and connecting with Brooklyn street; also with Hoboken. Elm street leaves Main near the National Bank, and runs north; Merchant street is another fine street running north; Seminary street also runs north, and passes the Goddard Seminary. Depot Square and its surroundings is also very pleasant. The street leading from the village by Barre Academy is a very gentle rise, leading to the Cemetery.


BARRE CEMETERY justly deserves, and has the reputation of being one of the best in the State. It is partly surrounded by a very beautiful cedar hedge, and has two fountains, furnished by water from the neighboring hills, which add very much to its beauty. Many fine monuments of goodly variety have been put up, the grounds tastefully laid out, and, taking it all in all, we are happy to compare it with any in the State.

The streets of Barre are well lined with shade trees, which add very much to its attractions. There are 18 stores in town, and our post-office has been made a salaried office, and does a very fair business.

The town has a well regulated library, of several hundred volumes, which are considerably read, but the newspapers probably take nine-tenths of all the time devoted to reading. Geo. P. Boyce is our librarian.


"BARRE AGRICULTURAL LIBRARY.— First officers, J. S. Spaulding, pres. , S. E. Bigelow, vice-pres.; C. Carpenter, sec.; Stillman Wood, treasurer and librarian." Among the things that were: sold out.

Barre has a Job Printing Establishment run by Prentiss C. Dodge, and a newspaper.

The first newspaper printed in town was "THE BARRE TIMES." It was a monthly sheet, issued during the year 1871, spicy, of a literary character, and published by Stillman Wood, Esq.


"THE BARRE HERALD," established in 1879, by E. N. Hyzer, was published about 9 months.



was commenced in 1880. The first number was issued December 11th of the past year. It was conducted till April, 1881, by Mr. Lewis P. Thayer, of Randolph,




            36                           VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE.


when W. F. Scott, its present editor and proprietor, came into possession of the publication and issued his first number of the paper, April 16, 1881.




Plows and casting for mill-irons are manufactured at the old Twing stand, by Smith, Whitcomb & Cook. Their plows are becoming a great favorite among the farmers. We have also Stafford & Holden's Fork Factory, Holden's Factory — Dr. McCroft, proprietor: Makers of Tin Ware: J. M. Jackman, Geo. J Reynolds. W. C. Durkee, Coffins & Caskets: Sheplee & Jones; Harnesses, C. La Paige, M. B. McCrillis. Boots & Shoes, J. Porter, O. D. Shurtleff. Sash, Blinds & Doors, South, J. S. Robinson, Abel Wood; Woolen Goods, William Moorcroft—are our minor manufactures: See Walton's Register, 1881; our chief business being the Granite Works, a notice of which will appear by the parties themselves, or some representative from their numbers.


We have a very efficient



of sixty stalwart young men, with a first-class hand engine, that took the first prize at a trial made in Burlington a few years since.

Barre has a Lodge of Good Templars in successful operation, which promises to be of great benefit to the people.



well organized, is under the present leadership of Dr. Clarence B. Putnam. This Band was organized several years before the late war, and was at that time one of the best in the State. Early in the war they volunteered to go as a Band, were accepted, and served during the war.

They did not all return. Some were left to occupy a grave in the Southern States. G. B. Putnam, who resigned the office of Postmaster to go and serve his country, now rests in an unknown grave. He was the father of the present leader of the Band.

Those who belonged to, and went as members, were H. Warner French, leader; A. B. Fisher, P. Parker Page, Geo. Beckley, Albert Wood, James Averill, John W. Averill, Geo. Blanchard, Wm. Clark, G. B. Putnam, Wm. Olds. With some few exceptions, the Band has been in practice ever since the war, and some of the veterans still occupy prominent places in the same.




Barre has furnished its full share of young men who have gone West to earn a living, and build up the land of their adoption. Among the more successful we might mention Henry Wood, son of Stillman Wood, Esq., a merchant. He has traveled in Europe a year; is the owner of real estate in Chicago which yields a goodly income, and of a handsome cottage on Scituate Beach, in Massachusetts, a summer residence. The firm of Keith Brothers, sons of Martin Keith, in Chicago, are also Barre boys, carry on a wholesale trade in the millinery line, are among wealthy and leading firms in Chicago. Clark Upton, late Mayor of Waukegan, Ill., was a Barre boy, and a lawyer of more than common ability. Five sons of Micah French are in the West, working to lay up a fortune. It is said to be much easier to get up a large party of intelligent Barre boys in Chicago than in Barre itself at the present time.




Names of some of the older people who have died in town: Abel Camp, aged 92, and his wife, Abigail, 86; Benjamin Wood, 86, and his wife, 87; Chapin Keith, 80, and his wife, 86; Mrs. Sally Willard, 81; Miss Mary Gale, 80; Gould Camp, 92; Robert Parker, 83; John Goldsbury, 90, and his wife, 80; John Wheaton, 95; Mrs. Benjamin Wheaton, 80; Luke Olds, 86; Israel Wood, 80; Isaiah Little, 84; Capt. Wm. Bradford, 86, his wife, 83; Anna Bradford, 88; Silas Town, 88; Reuben Nichols, 83; Samuel Cook, 94; Daniel Kinney, 82; Mrs. Judith Wood, 83; Polly Cook, 81; Alvah Wood, 84, his wife, 83; Otis French, 89; Jerra Richardson, 82; Jerry Batchelder, 83; Mrs. John Thompson, 83; Mrs. Nancy Barber, 84;




                                                                  BARRE.                                                              37


James Knowland, 85; Mrs. Dudley Sterling, 92; Thomas Town, 84; Jonathan Claflin, 84; Joseph Sterling; Plina Wheaton, 83.

The above list might be greatly extended if time now permitted.

June 27, 1881.


Names of people now living in town whose ages are 80 years and upwards—so far as we can learn: Lucy Davis, 97 years old; Hetty Willey, 93; Eleanor Needham, 94; Lucy Wood, 95; Delia French, 86; Hannah French, 85; Louis Dana, 85; Jonathan Bancroft. 87; Aaron Ashley, 81; Freedom Homes, 83; Fisher Homes, 81; Charlotte Goldsbury, 81; Sally Gale, 86; Samuel Burns, 87; Nathaniel Lawson, 82; Justus Ketchum, 81; Cynthia Hooker, 82; Joseph Norris, 81; Peter Nichols, 81; Mary Noyes, 87; Achsa Richardson, 81; Lemuel Richardson, 81; Betsey Waterman, 81; Rodney Bradford, 81; Sarah Cox, 84; Susan Chamberlin, 84; Mason Carpenter, 82; Josiah Beckett, 86; Lucy Lawson, 83; Otis Durkee, 80; Mrs. Carroll Smith, 86.




was chartered January 11, 1855, to John Twing, Otis Peck, James Hale, Maynard French, Adolphus Thurston, S. W. Davis, Martin Keith and their associates. The first three principal officers installed were Alva Eastman, W. M., Martin Keith, S. W., Webber Tilden, J. W.; and Clark Holden was the first Secretary elected by the Lodge. The organization has been in good working order from the first, and its membership steadily increased with the growth of the place, being now 125. They have a pleasant and commodious lodge-room in the old Tilden Block. The lodge have ever given ready attention to the calls of charity, caring for a sick and needy brother, and distributing to the wants of a brother's widow and orphans. Measures have recently been taken to provide a burial fund in the benefits of which the family of every member might share. Thirteen masters have been elected by the lodge since its organization; of these Geo. W. Tilden held the office 7 years, and to his labors the Craft owes much of its prosperity. Past Masters: Alva Eastman, Martin Keith, Webber Tilden, Dr. N. W. Perry, A. A. Owen, Justin H. Blaisdell, Geo. W. Tilden, Henry D. Bean, Hial O. Hatch, Eli Holden, Henry H. Wetmore, Dr. J. Henry Jackson.



No. 929, KNIGHTS OF HONOR, was instituted in Barre, March 4, 1878, composed of 13 Charter members: George W. Tilden, J. H. Jackman, M. D., E. D. Blackwell, J. M. Perry, O. H. Reed, W. A. Perry, B. W. Braley, M. D., C. A. Gale, M. D., E. D. Sabin, Henry Priest, F. P. Thurber, J. G. Morrison, L. J. Mack, and the officers of the lodge were, Henry Priest, Dictator; D. Blackwell, V. D.; J. G. Morrison. A. D.; B. W. Braley, G.; W. A. Perry, R.; J. M. Perry, F. R.; O. H. Reed, T.; L. J. Mack, G.; F. P. Thurber, S.; J. H. Jackson, C.; George W. Tilden, P. D.

The lodge met in Masonic Hall until Feb. 1, 1879, after which they rented and furnished a hall in Jackman's block, where they still remain. Meeting the 2d and 4th Monday evenings of each month.

The lodge has been always in a flourishing condition since first organized, there being an average addition of 20 members each year. The lodge is under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of the State, but makes reports direct to the Supreme Lodge, and also sends all money for widows' and orphans' benefit fund direct to the Supreme treasurer, the Supreme lodge only having power to pay out money on death benefits. There has been twelve assessments for the year ending June 30, 1881, making only six dollars paid for each thousand dollars insurance. When the Order was smaller and also in the time of the yellow fever south, there were assessments amounting to eight dollars per thousand. Three deaths have occurred in the Order in Barre Lodge since its organization; Frank P. Thurber Dec. 3, 1879, Thomas McGovern Nov. 4, 1880, and C. H. Chamberlin, M. D., Feb. 22, 1881. A death benefit of ($2,000) two thousand




            38                           VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE.


dollars each was paid to their families very soon after the death of these members, and was of great benefit to the families. The lodge now consists of 68 members and is constantly increasing. The present officers are W . C. Nye, D.; L. W. Scott, V. D.; Lewis Keith, A. D.; George M. Goss, R.; George P. Boyce, F. R.; B. W. Braley, T.; A. C. Reed, C.; C. A. Wheaton, Guide; William Clark, Guardian; W. L. Huntington, S.; O. H. Reed, P. D.

Our lodge is free from debt; the hall nicely and tastefully furnished. A new Prescott organ purchased this spring stands in the hall, and we have a surplus of $200 in the treasury; our best citizens are its members, and we predict for the Knights of Honor in this place a green and flourishing old age.



TOWN OFFICERS FROM 1870 to 1880.




Representatives: Wm. E. Whitcomb, 1870; Wm. A. Boyce, 1872; Eli Holden, 1874; Jacob S. Spaulding, 1876; J. Henry Jackson, 1878; Henry Priest, 1880.

Town Clerks: Carlos Carpenter, 1871; Clark Holden., 1872-1881, present Town Clerk.

First Selectmen: W. C. White, 1871, '73, '74, '75; Augustus Claflin, 1872, '79, '80, '81; Ira P. Harrington, 1876, '77, '78.

Constables: N. F. Averill, 1871, '72, '73; G. L Jackson, 1874, '75, '76; Carlos Carpenter, 1877; L. W. Scott, 1878, '79, '80; Chas. L. Currier, 1881.



In regard to the statement of the "quarries " of Barre, I cannot give a very definite one in regard to any but of the one in which I am interested. This one, known as the Smith & Kimball Quarry, is located upon the farm formerly owned by the late Edward J. Parker, consists of nearly 3 acres, and has not been fully developed as yet. It was opened in the summer of 1879, by E. J. Parker, but not worked to any extent until the spring of 1880, since which there has been taken away from the quarry not far from 20,000 feet of working stock. We claim that this granite is equal to any for monumental and polished work, and so far has been quite easy to quarry, laying in large sheets of more than ordinary thickness, being covered with soil to the depth of 4 feet in many places, and the top sheets are found to be nearly as good and clean as those underneath, which is not often the case.

We have made no public monuments, nor furnished stock for any public buildings. We ship stock in the rough to quite an extent to Burlington, Vt., Albany, N. Y., Danville, Pa., and numerous other points; am now furnishing granite for a bank building, to be erected in Danville, Pa., to the amount of 1500 cubic feet; have a contract to furnish the stock for a large monument to be erected in Boston, Mass., which will take nearly 1000 cubic feet. One piece alone is to be 9½ ft. square and 2 ft. thick; will weigh nearly 20 tons. If we had facilities for handling and drawing, we could quarry a block of any desired size. We employ now upon an average about 15 quarrymen, and the number of cutters in the employ of Mr. S. Kimball, (works are located at Montpelier. Vt.), and Smith & Wells Barre, Vt., must number at least 30. We make any kind of work to be made in granite, from rough underpinning to a nice polished monument; value of stock taken from quarry at least $10,000; amount of finished work made during year ending June 1st, 1881, by E. L. Smith & Smith & Wells (Mr. Wells became a partner in March, 1881), about $12,000.

I consider this (granite) business established upon a sound basis, which I think will increase in time to be one of the largest industries of our State. Barre granite is second to none, and when once introduced will recommend itself.

There are at present 8 quarries opened, which are worked to quite an extent in town, namely: "Cobble Hill," owned by E. L. Smith & P. C. Wheaton, now worked by P. C. Wheaton. This is of a rather light gray, and is probably the best place in Vermont to quarry stone for under-pinning, being quite rifty, so that it can




                                                                  BARRE.                                                              39


readily be split in pieces 8 in. thick, 2 ft. wide and 20 ft. long. It is strong, and is of the very best material for building work, curbing, etc., which can be found.

"Harrington Quarry,'' owned and worked by Ira P. Harrington, who has long been in the granite business, upon which he is now doing quite an amount of work in filling orders for rough stock. From these two quarries came the stock for the State House. They have been opened, I should judge, some 50 or 60 years. Mr. E. Hewett formerly worked the Cobble Hill Quarry, and upon the State House being rebuilt, he quarried quite an amount of blocks, to replace those injured by fire. It was near here that Charles Keith lost his life, while assisting in drawing one of those large blocks of granite up hill where they had to use ropes and blocks, a block giving away, and crushing him so that he died soon after. This is, so far as I know, the only fatal accident which has taken place in the town in connection with granite working, but numerous have been the narrow escapes from a fatal one by premature explosion of blasts, falling of derricks, etc. These two are the only old quarries of note in town, and while they have been worked long, yet consisting as they do of large extent, there is no exhaustion of material, but on the contrary, plenty of it and easy of access.

The Carnes Quarry, at East Barre, is worked by William Carnes, who has a shop, and finishes up his stock neatly.

"The Eastman Quarry has been opened some 4 or 5 years, and while it has not been worked to a large extent, it is good stock, and may prove to be one of the best in town.

Levi Keith has a quarry opened which is called fair stock, not developed to any great extent.

Bigelow Quarry, upon the farm of John Bigelow, was opened about 6 years ago, and is now worked by John Collins. There is a chance for quite an extensive quarry, and it may prove to be one of the principal quarries in town, though the grain is not quite so fine and dark as some.

"Mann Quarry," owned and worked by Geo. Mann, has been opened some 3 years, is of the best grain and color, but as yet the stock has been rather hard to quarry to advantage, the sheets not laying so free and even as in some of the other quarries.

The quarry of Messrs. Wetmore & Morse is one of the best, if not the best in town and has been worked nearly 20 years; was formerly worked by J. E. Parker, and has been owned and worked by Wetmore & Morse about 4 years. This is good stock, and lays in large sheets, and of late has been more extensively worked than any quarry in town. I estimate that they must have taken from this quarry during the 4 years at least 45,000 ft. of working stock and to appearance there is none the less remaining.                                            

                                                              E. L. SMITH.

Barre, June 27, 1881.




opened Oct. 29, 1880, began carrying on granite business Nov. 1, 1873; workmen employed from three to six; has shipped granite monuments to Wisconsin, Michigan, Ohio, New York and Massachusetts; also in Vermont; amount of exports varying from $1,000 to $2,000.







J. S. Collins came to Barre in 1872, and opened a shop for the working of granite at the south end of the village, where he has since continued the business. This was the first shop of the kind opened in the village, and Mr. C. was the pioneer of the business of working granite for monumental purposes here. He at present employs five cutters at his shop and three men on the quarry, which he opened in 1876, and which is known as the Bigelow Quarry. Though the business done by Mr. Collins is less than that of some of his competitors in town, yet the excellence of the work which he was the first to send out drew attention to the value of Barre granite for monumental uses, and led to the development of the business, and as a skillful master workman, he has taught the trade to a large number, who as proprietors, or as workmen, ply the trade in other shops.




            40                           VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE.


Wetmore & Morse are the largest dealers in granite in town; their shops, situated on the west of the R. R. near the depot, are arranged in a semi-circle on either side of the branch track of the R. R. with a derrick so located as to raise and move stones to and from the cars and to any part of their yards. They commenced business in 1877, in a small shed near their present location, and for a time employed but one workman beside Mr. Morse. In 1880, they employed for a time 85 workmen. They have turned out handsome specimens of monumental work. The largest job upon which they have been employed was the cutting for the Bowman Mausoleum at Cuttingsville — the receipts for this job being between fifteen and sixteen thousand dollars. They own and work the quarry known as the J. E. Parker Quarry, and on this employ from ten to twenty men.





REV. HIRAM CARLETON, born in Barre, July 18, 1811; graduated at Middlebury College in 1833; was a teacher in Shoreham, 1833-34; studied at Andover Theo. Sem. 1834-37; pastor of the Cong'l Church in Stowe in 1818. He has published an Analysis of the 24th chapter of Matthew. — Pierson's Catalogue of Middlebury Coll.

Hiram Carleton was the seventh son of Jeremiah and Deborah Carleton, early settlers in this town; his father, Jeremiah Carleton, died Sept. 3, 1844, and his mother Mar. 18, 1843. He has living in town at this time (1881), two brothers, — Jeremiah Carleton, 2d, born Aug. 16, 1799; David Carleton, born Sept. 2, 1809. The former, Jeremiah 2d, is father of Rev. Marcus M. Carleton, a missionary of the Presbyterian Board, in Umballah, India; the latter, David, is father of Hiram Carleton, Esq., now of Montpelier.

There were 10 children, I think, in the old family. The Carletons are a family of more than average ability; with some marked peculiarities, but men of character. Rev. Hiram Carleton, D. D., is now Rector of an Episcopal church in Wood's Hole, Mass. Rev. Marcus Carleton of Umballah married Calista Bradford, daughter of Rodney Bradford of this place. Some ten or twelve years since she came unattended from India via. San Francisco arriving here in the spring of 1869, with 5 children, the eldest hardly in his teens, the youngest a mere babe. Her two eldest boys fitted for college in the Academy here; entered Amherst College, (their father's alma mater,) and graduated there; the eldest has since graduated in medicine from the College of Physicians & Surgeons in N. Y.; is with his mother; his sisters, now grown to accomplished young ladies, are soon to return to India; the 2d son has a position in the Public Library in New York.



son of Dea. Francis Clark, Senior, graduated at Dartmouth about 1840; and at Andover Theol. Sem.; was engaged for several years as a teacher in Georgia; for a time settled over the Cong. church at Orford, N. H.; subsequently went under the auspices of the American Board of Foreign Missions to Turkey; was afterwards located at Milan, Italy, both as U. S. Consul and as the head of an educational institution; some time about 1872, returned to America and purchased a home in Newbury, Vt., which he fitted up in a handsome manner, then, for several years, a private boarding school for young ladies, known as "Montebello," was kept up by his wife, (who was a daughter of Nathaniel Farrington, of Walden, Vt.,) and their daughter (an only child) who was a young lady of fine accomplishments. Mr. Clark returned to Europe about 1875 or '76, as the representative of a New York business house, and has since been for the most of the time in Germany. He returned a year or two since for his family, who returned with him, the property at Newbury being disposed of. Mr. Clark is a man of fine presence, a fine scholar, and the master of several languages.



Native of Barre; a skillful physician; Medical Director of the Department of Virginia during the war; Member of Con-




                                                                  BARRE.                                                              41


gress one term, and at the time of his death, postmaster of Ogdensburg; died at the latter place in 1873.



son of Dea. Nathaniel Dodge, graduated at Burlington about the year 1844; studied law; has removed from town.





From the account of Charles A. Smith in The Barre Enterprise, the following, whose graves were covered with flowers Decoration day—last month—were



Major Wm. Bradford, Abel Camp, Gould Camp, Lemuel Clark, in Barre Cemetery; Warren Ellis, Nathan Harrington, Capt. Asaph Sherman, Nath'l Sherman, Adol­phus Thurston, in Williston Cemetery; and the following



David W. Aldrich, Sylvanus Aldrich, John Bancroft, Wm. Bassett, William Bradford, Jr., James Britain, Carver Bates, Simon Briggs, Simon Barber, Joel Bullock, Sam­uel Cook, Otis French, Bartholomew French, Bart. French, Jr., David French, John Gale, Israel Gale, John Hillery, Joel Holden, Reuben Lamb, Robert Parker, William Robinson, Danforth Reed, B. C. Smith, Silas Town, Thomas Town, John Wood, John Willson, Thomas Willson, Ellman Waterman, in Barre Cemetery; Joe Adams, Josiah Allen, Asa Boutwell, Eli Boutwell, Asa Blanchard, Joseph Dodge, Dan Howland, Eli Holden, Davis Harrington, Humphrey Holt, Amos Jones, Robert Morse, James Nichols, Peter Nichols, David Richardson, Baxter Ster­ling, Joe Sterling, Asaph Sherman, Jona­than Sherman, Benj. Thompson, Joseph Thompson, Marston Watters: IN MEXI­CAN WAR Charles A. Bigelow, in Williston Cemetery.







The Military Company of Volunteers that left Barre for Burlington for the battle of Plattsburgh consisted of 117 men. This number took almost the entire set of young men whose ages were suitable for military duty, with a few old revolutionary soldiers who felt they would like to have a hand in one more battle with the red coats. The farmer left his farm, the mechanic his shop, and the merchant his store to join in the common defence, and beat back an invading foe. When the news came that the British were about to cross the river and enter Plattsburgh, the excitement was intense; to arms, was the universal response. Men gathered immediately from all parts of the town, and formed a company:



Military Roll of Barre Company of Volunteers in the War of 1812.


OFFICERS: Warren Ellis, Capt.; Na­than Stone, 1st lieut.; Armin Rockwood, 2d Lieut.; Peter Nichols, Ensign; A. Sherman, M. Sherman, B. French, C. Bancroft, Sergeants. Corporals: Moses Rood, 1st, Samuel Nichols, 3d,. P. Thompson, 4th ,Wm. Ripley, 2d.  Privates: E. B. Gale, Sam'l Cook, Daniel Parker, John M. Willard, Chs. Robinson, Elijah Robinson, I. L. Robinson, Je'k. Richards, John Farwell, Silas Spear, Otis French, Jona. Markum, Andrew Davey, John Richards, Thomas Mower, Thomas Browning, John Howland, Jona. Sherman, Noah Holt, Oramel Beckley, Horace Beckley, Asa Dodge, Wm. Arbuckle, Saml. Mitchell, Josiah Allen, A. Bagley, James Hale, Enos Town, Jacob Scott, Comfort Smith, Sylvanus Goldsbury, William Goldsbury, Shubael Smith, Amos Jones, Isaiah Little, Asa Blanchard, Henry Smith, Ansel Patterson, B. Ingraham, Aaron Rood, William Bradford, Byron Potter, Danforth Reed, Emery Fuller, Willard Keith, J. Penniman, Nathaniel Batchelder, Isaac Gale, Jesse Morris, Silas Willard, R. R. Keith, Benjamin Burke, Thomas Town, Ira Day, Geo. S. Woodard, Stephen Freeman, Gideon Downing, Stephen Carpenter, Jonathan Smith, Nathan Stephens, A. West, John Bancroft, Amos Holt, M. Brown Dodge, R. W. Ketchum, John Thompson, James Britain, Orson Smith, Wm. Howard, Benjamin Richards, D. W. Averill, C. Bates, Doane Cook, Richard Smith, Josiah Bid-




            42                           VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE.


well, Andrew Conant, Nath'l Batchelder, Jr., Calvin Howes, Sherman Watson, Thomas Parker, Peter Johonnott, Calvin Smith, John S. Willard, Joseph Sterling, Ira Ellis, C. Watson, Samuel Lawson, Cyrus Barber, Joseph Glidden, Seth Beck­ett, John Twing, Parley Batchelder, Josiah Leonard, M. Bussell, Wm. Batchelder, Wm. Bassett, David Sherburn, Isaac Salter, Asa Patridge, S. Rice, Jr., J. Nich­ols, J. S. Thompson, Nehemiah Boutwell, Lewis Peck, Joel Holden, Wm. Chubb, David Richardson, Guy C. Nichols, Jona. G. Chaplin, John Gale, and Pliny Whea­ton.

The company went mostly on foot, and arrived at Burlington on Saturday. The battle of Plattsburg was fought on Sunday, but for lack of transportation, few, if any, of the company had a hand in it, and on the same day there being a naval battle on the lake, in which the British foe were beaten, and retreated to Canada, there being no further necessity for defence, no foe to fight, most of our men came back without crossing the lake. Some, however, went over, and some enlisted in the regular army.

This company of stalwart young men, after returning to their respective homes and occupations, in after life filled many places of honor and trust in town, and many of them acquired military titles by being elected to office in the respective companies to which they severally be­longed in the State militia. In those days to gain the title of captain was considered worthy of a laudable ambition, and gave a man notoriety not otherwise easily at­tained. But that company of strong young men, so far as we can learn, have now all, except one, passed over the silent river to the land of peace beyond. Our neighbor Jonathan Bancroft, who was then 16 years old, went as teamster and carried baggage for the company. He is now 84, and is probably the only man now living who went to Burlington at that time. About one-half of these men have descendants or relatives now living in town, and of the rest, their families have become extinct, or removed to parts far distant from Barre.







Chairman of the Board of Selectmen in 1875, for that year.


Whole number of three years men en­listed and credited to the town, 125; one year men, 21; nine months men, 38; drafted men held to service, 17; Total, 201. Of the 17 drafted men, 8 furnished substitutes, 8 paid commutation money, and one only entered the service. The number of men who were killed or died, was 33; the number wounded and living, 15; Albert Gobar, a bounty jumper who after­wards returned under the President's pro­clamation of pardon, is the only deserter reported. Bounties were paid to: 23 men Co. B. 10th Reg., raised by subscription, $575; to 29 nine months men, $25 each, by subscription, $700; to 10 nine months men, $50 each, $500; to 28 three years men, $300 each, $8,400; to 14 three months men, $200 each, $2,800; to Albert and Alson French, twin brothers, one of whom was drafted, and the other enlisted to be with him, $600; to C. H. Richardson. who re-enlisted, $300; to 19 1 year men, $11,060.00; to 2 men mustered at Wind­sor, $1,225; to 1 colored recruit, $400; to 9 navy men, $7,200; to Byron Carlton, James Powers, C. Woodward, $1,524.50; to those who went in 2d Reg. Vt. Vols., June, 1861, by subscrip. $55.00; total $35,340.85.

The total expense to the town for select men's and surgeons' services for subsist­ence of recruits and other expenses inci­dental to raising the quota of troops under different calls, is given at $35,995.24; total public expense $71,336.09. Money was paid by individuals as follows: amount paid by enrolled men who furnished sub­stitutes, $600; amount paid by drafted men who furnished substitutes, $2,600; amount paid by drafted men as commutation, $2,400; total $5,600.



            On the page of fame

              Does the soldier's valor bloom

            Brighter than the roses

              Cast upon his tomb.



                                                BARRE.                     43


        SOLDIERS OF THE WAR OF 1861.


                            BY CHAS. A. SMITH.


The following is a list of the men furnished by the town under the different calls for troops, including those who were drafted, paid commutation, or furnished sub­stitutes:


Names.                         Reg.     Co.   Mustered in.      Discharged.         Remarks.

Lemuel A. Abbott,           10     B     Sept. 1, '62.       June 22, '65.      Pro. 2 Lt. Co. D. Jan. 26, '63; 1st Lieut. Co. E. Jan. 17, '64; Capt. Co. G. Dec. 19, '64, enlist. reg. army in '65; now Capt.

Armory Allen,                 11     E      Dec. 11, '63.      Aug. 25, '65.       Trans. to Co. V. R. C. July 26, '64, Co. D. June 24, '64; after to Co. A.

Henry L. Averill,              C     L      Dec. 3, '63.        Aug. 9, '65.         Trans. Co. D. Jan. 21, '65.

James W. Averill,             8     E      Dec. 15, '63.                     Wound. at Winch. Va. losing part of one foot; in hospital till close of war.

John W. Averill,                "     "      Dec. 15, '63.      Jan. 28, '65.       Mustered out.

James T. Bacon,              2     F      June 20, '61.    Jan. 29, '64.       Pro. corp. pro. sergt.

Dan Barker,                   10     B     Sept. 1, '62.                      Sick; disch'd Nov. 16, '64; died soon at home

Davis H. Bates,                 6     B

Albert G. Bates,                8     E      Feb. 18, '62.                     Discharged June 30, '62.

Peter N. Bates,                 6     F      Oct. 15, '61.                     Pro. corp., sergt., Dec. 28, '63; k'd Wilderness May 5, '64.

Chauncey W. Beals,       10     B     Sept. 1, '62.       Jan. 22, '64.       Discharged on sickness.

Orrin Beckley, Jr.,           2     D     June, 20, '61.                  Pro. serg; wounded; missing in battle May 10, '64.

Joel Bill,                           4     G     Oct. 20, '61.                     Discharged April 22, '63.

John Blanchard,             10     B     Sept. 1, '62.       Feb. 22, '65.        Dishc'd on acct. of wounds rec'd in Aug. '64.

Origin A. Blanchard,        2     D     Sept. 20, '61.                    Pro. serg., must. out Sept. 20, 64.

James M. Boyce,            10     B     Sept. 1, '62.                      Died Oct. 6, '63.

Charles H. Bassett,        11     E      Dec. 11, '63.      Aug. 25, '65.       Trans. to Co. D., to E., to A.

Albert G. Bates,              17     E      Apr. 12, '64.                     Mustered out May 20, '65

George I. Beckley,            8     A     Dec. 15, '63.                     Trans. to V. R. C., must. out July 24,'65. Served in Band.

Charles A. Bigelow,        17     E      Apr. 12, '64.                     Died May 30, '64.

George W. Blanchard,    13     I      Oct. 4, '62.        July 2, '63.         Sergt; re-enlisted Dec. '63 in 8th Reg.; serving in the Band; must. out Jan. 28, '65.

Albert P. Boutwell.          11     E      Dec. 11, '63.      Aug. 25, '65.       Trans. to Co. D. to E. to A.

Edwin M. Dowman,          C     L      Dec. 20, '63.      Aug. 16, '65.       Trans. to Co. D. Jan. 21, '65.

Clarence A. Brackett,    17     C     Apr. 1, '64.                       Chosen corp. Pro. s'gt., taken pris.

Geo. Badore,                   13     I      Oct. 4, '62.        July 21, '63.

Frederick J. Barnes,      13     I         "                        "

Calvin Bassett,               15     D     Aug. 5, '63.

Origin Bates,                  13     I      Oct. 4, '62.        July 21, '63.

Ira B. Bradford,               13     "         "                        "

Clark Boutwell,                 "     "         "                        "                       Served as drummer.

Albert J. Burrill,                "     "         "                        "

J. K. Bancroft,                                                                                     Drafted, p'd commutation.

Warren Barnes,                                                                                  Procured substitute.

Kimbal Blanchard,                                                                                 "

Iram H. Camp,                  2     D     June 20, '61.                               Pro. corp. must. out Ju. 29, '64.

David G. Carr,                  6     F      Oct. 15, '61.                                 Discharged Jan. 21, '62.

Byron Carlton,                  8     I      Feb. 18, '62.                                 Must. out Jan. 22, '64, re-en.

Almon Clark,                  10                                                                 As't. Surg. Com. Aug. 11, '62, pro, sur. cav. Mar. 6, '65; must. out Aug. 9, '65.

Henry L Clark,               10     B     Sept. 1, '62.                                  Died, Jan. 29, '63.

William Clark,                  "     "         "                     June 22, '65.

William Cox,                     6     F      Oct. 15, '61.                                 Missing in action, May 5, '64.

Humphrey Campbell,   Bat.     3      Aug. 20, '64.      June 15, '65.

Allen E. Cutts,                  9     E      Aug. 8, '64.        June 13, '65.

Frank E. Cutts,                 "     E      Aug. 17, '64.         "

Nathan J. Camp,            15     D     Oct. 22, '62.      Aug. 5, '63.         Pro. Corp. Nov. 12, '62.




                                      44   VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE.


Names.                        Reg.   Co.   Mustered in,     Discharged. Remarks.

Mason B. Carpenter,    13   I      Oct. 4, '62.       July 21, '63.      Pro. Sergt. Jan. 15, '63.

Orvis Carpenter,             "   "          "                       "

David G. Carr,                  "   "          "                       "

Albert F. Dodge,             10   B     Sept. 1, '62.     Mar. 21, '64.     Re-en. Apr. 5, '64; serv. as Capt. in 9 reg. U. S.; Col. Inft.; Must. out Dec. 5, '65.

Leroy Dodge,                    "   "          "                                      Died Oct. 28, '64.

Lewis H. Dodge,              2   D     Sept. 15. '61.                       Died Sept. 1, '62.

Luther C. Dodge,             "   "      Apr. 12, '62.                        Died June 12, '62.

Nelson E. Dodge,              "   "      Apr. 12, '62.                        Pro. Corp. & to Sergt.; died in Andersonville pris.

Wesley Dodge,                C   C     Nov. 19, '61.                        Pro. Corp.; miss'd in a'ct. June 23, '64; died in Rebel prison.

Jason Drury,                   8   E      Feb. 18, '62.                        Died Sept. 25, '63, of w'nds rec'd in action.

Andrew J. Dudley,           2   D     Sept. 15, '61.                       Discharged Jan. 2, '63.

Willis P. Durkee,            4   B     Sept. 20, '61.                       Discharged Apr. 23, '63.

Chas. Davis,                   8   I      Dec. 15, '63.    Jan. 28, '65.

Alfred Deuquet,             17   H     May 10, '64.     July 14, '65.

Henry M. Dudley,             "   "      May 10, '64.                        Chos. Corp.; died July 31, '64, of w'nds. rec'd. act'n. Jun. 24 '64.

John M. Durant,           11   E      Dec. 11, '63.                        Died of wounds, July 31, '64.

Moses Duso,                  11   E          "                   June 23, '65.

William H. Duval,            "   "          "                   May 23, '65.

Henry A. Dow,               13   I      Oct. 4, '62.       July 21, '63.      Re-enlisted Dec. 21, '63.

Alson Downing,                                                                       Drafted; paid commutation.

Chas. F. Durrill,                                                                      Drafted; paid commutation.

Edward P. Evans,           10   B     Sept. 1, '62.                         Trans. to V. R. C. Nov. 25, '64.

Ira H. Evans,                    "   "          "                                      Disch'd. Dec. 22, '63, by order of War Department.

Perley Farrar,                  "   "          "                                      Killed in action May 19, '64.

Joseph W. Fisher,           4   D

Erastus D. French,         8   E      Feb. 18, '62.                        Died Nov. 10, '62.

Orlando French,             C   C     Nov. 10, '61.    Oct. 31, '62.

Alfred B. Fisher,              8   A     Dec. 15, '63.    Jan. 29, '65.      Served in Band.

Albert French,                 5   E      May 26, '64.     May 13, '65.

Henry W. French,           8   F      Dec. 15, '63.    Jan. 29, '65.      Served in Band.

Charles G. French,       15   D     Sept. 15, '62.   Aug. 5, '63.  Served as Captain.

Alson French,               15   E      May 12, '64.     May 13, '65.

Henry P. Gale,               10   B     Sept. 1, '62.                         Died, Barre. Mar. 23, '64. Disch'd.

Geo. W. Goodrich,           2   D     June 20, '61.   June 29, '64.

John Gabbaree,            17   H     May 14, '64.                        Died July 3, of w'ds recd. in action.

Albert Gobar,                 17   H     May 19, '64,                        Deserted May 27, 1864.

Fred. M. Gale,               13   I      Dec. 15, '63.    Jan. 29, '65 Served in Band. Re-en. Dec. 15, '63. Disch'd Jan. 29, '66.

Ira L. Gale,                                                                              Drafted. Paid commutation.

Israel Gilmot,

John A. Goldsbury,                                                                  Procured substitute.

Nathan Harrington,        2   D     Sept. 20, '61.   Sept. 20, '64.

Chas. E. L. Hills,             8   E      Feb. 18, '62.                        Died July 3, 1863.

Eli Holden,                      C   C     Nov. 19, '61.                        Only one from Barre 1st Vt. Reg. 3 mos. men, re-en. Co. C Vt. Cav. mus. 1st Serg. Nov. 19, '61, pro. 2d and 1st Lt., tak. pris. in action, Sept. 25, '63, in Libbey, Danville, Macon, Columbia, escaped Col. prison, retaken after a week, mus. out, pa­roled pris. March 15, '65.

Calvin Holt,                   10   B     Sept. 1, '62.     June 22, '65.

Hezekiah D. Howland,  17   E      May 3, '64.                          Died at Salisbury, N. C,

Orwell J. Hosford,            9   F      Aug. 19, '64.    June 13, '65.

Bradley D. Hall,             15   D     Oct. 22, '62.     Aug. 5, '63.  Must. out at Cold River. Re-enlisted in 11th Reg.

Geo. F. Harroun,           13   I      Oct. 4, '62.       July 21, '63.      Re-en. Sept. 5, '64, 1st Vt. Cav. Killed Nov. 12, '64, in Shen.

William Henderson,      15   D     Oct. 22,'62.      Aug. 5, '63.

William W. Holden,       13   I      Oct. 4, '62.       July 21, '63.      Served as Corporal.

Chas. H. Howard,             "   "          "                       "

Robert Humphrey,           "   "          "                       "




                                             BARRE.                    45


Names.                        Reg.   Co.   Mustered in.     Discharged. Remarks.

Nelson E. Heath,                                                                     Drafted; paid commutation.

Henry C. Jones,              2   D     June 20, '61.                      Pro. Sergt.; must. out June 2, '64.

Albert Jones,                 17   E      Mar. 3, '64.      July 14, '65.

Ezra N. Jones,               17   H     May 19, '64.         "

Alexander Jangraw,        3           Aug. 19, '64.    June 15, '65.          In battery.

Nelson Johnson,           13   I      Oct. 4, '62.       July 21, '73.

Clinton Keith,               11   E      Dec. 11, '63.    Jan. 24, '65.

Henry Ketchum,              "   "          "                   Jan. 2, '65.

William Kirkland,         13   H     Oct. 10, '62.     July 21, '63.

Alonzo G. Lane,               6   G     Apr. 12, '62.     Nov. 24, '62.

Samuel Leger,                2   D     Jan. 20, '61.                        Discharged Mar. 7, '62.

Napoleon Lafrenier,      17   H     May 10, '64.     July 14, '65.            Served as musician.

Stephen Leazer,             3           Aug. 18, '64,    June 15, '65           In battery.

Heman Lamphier,        15   D     Oct. 22, '62.                        Discharged Nov. 27, '62.

Marshal B. Lawrence,  13   I      Oct. 4, '62.       July 21, '73.

Geo. W. Lawson,                                                                      Procured substitute.

John McLaughlin,          C   C     Nov. 19, '61.    Nov. 18, '64.

Horace C. Meaker,         6   D     Apr. 12, '62.     May 28, '64.

Francis Miner,                3   K     July 16, '61.    Feb. 1, '64.

William E. Martin,        17   E      Apr. 9, '64,                          1st Lieut.; killed near Petersburgh, July 30, '64.

Wm. W. McAlister,          3           Aug. 9, '64,      June 15, '65.          In battery.

Daniel Moses,                                                                         Drafted; paid commutation.

Erastus W. Nichols,        C   C     Nov. 19, '61.                        Died Mar. 31, 1863.

Azro E. Nichols,               3           Aug. 24,'64,     June 15, '65.          Battery.

George W. Nichols,       13   H     Oct. 23, '62.     July 21, '64.

William Olds,                  8   D     Jan. 15, '64.

Charles H. Page,             3   F      July 16, '61.                        Discharged Feb. 28, '63.

Alfred S. Parkhurst,      10   B     Sept. 1, '62. Jan. 22, '64.

H. N. Parkhurst,           10   B     Sept. 1, '62.                         Mustered out May 13, '65.

Eugene C. Peck,             3   K     July 16, '61.                        Discharged Jan. 23, '62.

George W. Perrin,           8   E      Feb. 18, '62.     Jan. 22, '64.

George W. Phelps,           9   I      July 9, '62.      June 13, '65.

J. Parker Page,               8   G     Dec. 15, '63.    July 7, '65.  Served In Band.

George B. Putnam,         8   G     Dec. 15, '63.                        Died Nov. 27, '64. Served in Band,

Charles Parkhurst,        9   G     Aug. 15, '64.                        Trans. to Co. G., 4th Vt. Vol. Jan. 20, '65.

Lyman D. Parkhurst,      9   F      Aug. 23,'64.                         Trans. to Co. G., 5th Vt. January 20, '65.

Leander Perry,              13   I      Aug. 4, '62.      July 21, '63 Re-enlist. in Co. F. 9 Reg. must. in Jan. 6, 64; report. absent and s'k when must. out June 13, '63.

Charles H. Perry,          13   I      Oct. 21, '62.     July 21, '63.            Enlist. in Co. F. 9 Reg, Jan. 6. '64; made corp. June 29, '64; serg. March 17, '65; 1 serg. June 9, '65, trans. to Co. B. June 13, '65.

Heman G. Perry,           15   D     Oct. 22, '62.     Aug. 5, '63.

Chas. A. Richardson,      2   D     Sept. 20, '61.                       Re-enlist. Jan. 3, '64; trans. to V. R. C., Apr. 26, '65; must. out July 20, '64.

Lafayette G. Ripley,      10   B     Sept. 1, '62.                         Trans. to V. R. C., Feb. 21, '65; must. out July 8, '65.

John H. Rublee,            10   B                                                 Must. out June 22, '65.

Hiram Robinson,           11

George S. Robinson,     17   E      Apr. 12, '64,                        Elect. capt.; must. out July 14, '64.

Joseph Rose,                 17   H     May 19, '64.                        Killed near Petersburgh, Va., July 27, '64,

Albert Rogers,                 9   G     Aug. 6, '64.      May 13, '65.

W. F. Richardson,          15   D     Oct. 22, '62.     Aug. 5, '63.

William H. Riddall,        13   I      Oct. 10, '62.     July 21, 63.

Albert Rogers,               15   D     Oct. 22, '62.     Aug. 5, '63.

Seth T. Sargent,           10   B     Sept. 1, 62.                         Mustered out June 22, '65.

George W. Savory,          C   C     Nov. 19, '61.    Nov. 18, '64.

Prentiss S. Scribner,    10   B     Sept. 1, '62.     June 22, '65.

Albert Smith,                  2   D     June 20, '61.                      Must. in corp; disch'd Nov. 1, '62.

William Smith,               8   I      Feb. 18, '62.                        Disch'd for sickness; re-enlisted.

Calvin Stowe,                 C   C

Rufus Streeter,             10   B     Sept. 22, '62.   Jan. 28, 65.

Lemuel D. Strong,          2   D     June 20, '61.                      Must. in corp. pro. sergt. must. out June 29, '64.




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Names.                        Reg.   Co. Mustered in.     Discharged.   Remarks.

Hiram Smith, Jr.,         11   E    Dec. 11, '63.                         Lost an arm and leg; disch'd Sept. 14, '65.

Lewis Sterling,             11   E    Dec. 11, '63,    Jan. 16, 65.

Lathan T. Seaver,          C   C    Aug. 23, '64.    Jan 21, '65.


Charles D. Slack.           8   G    Aug. 15, '64.                         Died March 15, '65.

Chas. W. Stoddard,          3         Aug. 19, '64.                         Battery. Died Jan, 16, '65.

William D. Sanborn,     15   D    Oct. 22, '62.     Aug. 5, '63.

Charles E. Smith,                                                                   Drafted; paid commutation.

George D. Taft,                3   K    July 16, '61.                         Killed in action May 5, 64

Joseph B. Thompson,     9   I     July 9, '62.      June 13, '65.    Made corp. July 15, '64.

Ozias H. Thompson,        3   K    July 16, '61.    July 11, '65. 1st Serg. re-enlist. Dec. 1, '63; pro. 2d and 1st Lieut. Aug. 4, '64.

Eldon A. Tilden,               2   D    Sept. 20, '61.                        Pro. 2d Lieut. Nov. 20, '63; must. out Jan. 29, '64.

Oel M. Town,                 10   B    Sept. 1, '62.     June 22, '65.

Ira H. Tompkins,          11   E    Dec. 11, '65,                         Killed at Cedar Creek, Oct. 19, '64.

John M. Thatcher,        13   I     Oct. 10, '62.     July 21, '63. Served as Captain.

Jude Town,                                                                             Drafted; paid commutation.

Samuel C. Vorse,           C   C    Nov. 19, '61.                         Re-enlisted Dec. 28, '63; Pro. Co. Q. M. Sergt.

Nelson W. Wheelock,    10   B    Sept. 1, '62.                          Died December 3, '63.

Preston B. Willey,           2   D    June 20, '61.   June 29, '64.

Henry Wires,                  C   F

Albert P. Wood,              13   I     Dec. 15, '63.    Jan. 28, '65. Re-enlisted must. out Oct. 10, '62.

Warren F. Wood,            11   E    Dec. 11, '65.    Jan. 29, '65.

Wm. W. Woodbury,           "   "                                                  Wounded; trans. to Vet. Res. C. 65; must out Aug 1, '65.

Chas. H. Willey,              9   G    Jan. 2, '64.                           Died Apr. 1, '65.

Harvey Willey,                 9   G    Aug. 15, '64.    June 13, '65.

Chas. C. Varney,          13   D    Oct 4, 62.         July 23, '63. Served as Sergeant.

Geo. E. Varney,                "   "         "                       "

Stephen G. West,             "   "         "                                        Died May 17, '63.

Horace Woodard,                                                                     Drafted, paid comt.

James Powers,                8   G    Feb. 20, '65.     June 28, '65.

Thomas Henthon,           8   C    Jan. 6, 65.

James Hooper,                8   H    Jan. 5. '65.

Chas. E. Woodward,       10   3    Feb. 7, 65.                            Absent sick when reg. was mustered out.



Alex. F. E. Ahlsstrom, H. S. Navy; Lemuel Bean, George Dailey, Harry Johnson, John Peterson, Samuel Thurber, were hired of brokers, entered the navy, and no record of their ser­vice is attainable. Leonard Bancroft, Levi J. Bolster, Geo. I. Reynolds, drafted; paid com­mutation.

In addition to the names given above the following who served in the war were not reck­oned in the quota of the town: Leonard F. Aldrich, Quartermaster 13 Vt.; Orvis F. Jack­man, Co. A, 7 Ohio, lost his right arm at Chancellorsville, was discharged, and afterwards served in Quartermaster department under Gen. Pitkin.


BURIED IN BARRE CEMETERY.—Stephen G. Albee, James T. Bacon, Albert Bates, Peter N. Bates, Dan. Barker, Rufus Carver, Henry L. Clark, Orrin B. Dickey, Orlan French, H. Warner French, Henry Gale, M. B. Lawrence, James J. Nolan, E. W. Nichols, William Olds, Rufus Streeter, Stephen G. West, Win. Woodbury, George D. Taft, Wilber Tilden.


BURIED IN WILSON CEMETERY.—Horace Bigelow, Wesley Dodge, Zary Dodge, Heman Levy.


BURIED IN FARWELL CEMETERY.—L. Richards, Newell Carlton, C. H. Howard, James L. Dow.


William Howland enlisted for the town of East Montpelier into the 17th Reg., was killed in Battle of the Wilderness; was a brother of Hezekiah D., who died in Salisbury Prison, and the son of Ezekial Howland of this place. Charles Carpenter enlisted for Montpelier, into Co. C. of the Cavalry.




                                                                  BARRE.                                                              47







Judge Keith was a man noted for energy and perseverance, and whatever enterprise he undertook was generally a success. He came from his native town, Uxbridge, Mass., with his young family, the young­est being only three months old, September, 1801, and settled in Barre. He was born May 17, 1771, and was married to Elisabeth Taft, June 24, 1790. She was born May 13, 1769. They had four children, all boys.

Hon. Chapin Keith was Judge of the probate court for several years, and after­wards high sheriff for many more years. He also held many town offices, and was much interested in the Chelsea turnpike, on which his tavern was located.

When he first arrived from Uxbridge with his young family, he was duly warn­ed out of town, lest he should become a charge on the good people of Barre. it was a custom of the time, if any came that it was doubtful about. But he never fail­ed to take care of himself and his. His wife was also truly a helpmeet, and did her full share in getting a living; as land­lady she excelled.

Judge Keith, although a good judge of property matters, and an active business man, could never speak in public except with great diffidence. While sheriff it be­came his duty to proclaim who was gov­ernor, and after the votes had been count­ed, he finished by saying, "God save the King," when he meant to have said "the People." He used to relate that it cost him several gallons of wine to mend that mistake. He was very successful, as else­where said, in his tavern-keeping.



oldest son of Judge Chapin, and the late judge Keith of Montpelier, where he died Oct. 25, 1874; was born in Uxbridge, Ms., Nov. 28, 1790, and was at his death in his 84th year. [For a more full descrip­tion see History of Montpelier.]




From Thompson's History of Montpelier.


A son of the Hon. Chapin Keith, late of Barre, was born in Uxbridge, Mass., Apr. 9, 1800, and before he was a year old came with his father's family to Barre, Vermont. At the age of sixteen, having shown him­self a good and industrious scholar in the English branches taught in the common school of his home village, he commenced fitting for college at Randolph Academy, in the spring of 1816. In 1818 he entered Un. College, at Schenectady, N. Y., and in 1822, was graduated with a good reputation for scholarship and moral character, then, for a year or two, taught in the State of Virginia as private tutor in the family of a wealthy planter; when he returned to the North, and commenced the study of the law in the office of the Hon. Will­iam Upham in Montpelier. Having com­pleted the usual course of legal studies, he was admitted to the bar in I826. and com­menced practice in this village, at first alone, and afterwards, for three or four years succeeding 1830, in company with Mr. Upham. In about 1837, a brother of C. W. Storrs of Montpelier died in St. Louis, Missouri, leaving considerable property, and Mr. Keith was employed by the relatives of the deceased to go to St. Louis and gather up and settle the estate. After executing this commission to the advantage of all concerned, he returned to Montpelier, not however to resume his profession, but to accept the office of Treasurer in the Vermont Mutual Fire In­surance Company, which was tendered him by the Directors. But after accepta­bly executing the duties of this office a year or two, he resigned the post to accept another commission to settle an estate of a deceased Vermonter in the South, one of the brothers Elkins, from Peacham, Vt., who had been in business as cotton brok­ers in the city of New Orleans. The es­tate was found to be large, and its affairs so complicated as to require the labor and attention of years to bring to a close. For the next ten or twelve years, therefore, Mr. Keith took up his residence in New Orleans, and remained there through all but the hot and sickly months of the year, which he spent mostly in Montpelier, having generally brought with him, at each




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annual return, such sums of money as he had been able to collect out of the different investments of the estate, for division among the Elkins heirs. After pursuing this course some ten years, assiduously engaged in the difficult, and, in many respects, dangerous position, he succeeded in bringing the affairs of the estate mainly to a close, except in the case of the large quantity of Mexican scrip which was left on hand, and which was considered only of chance value. He agreed on a division of this uncertain property between the heirs and himself, the consideration offered to them being his promise to make no charge for any future services. In a year or two after this bargain the general government decided to redeem this Mexican scrip; and Mr. Keith, being fortunate enough by means of arguments made potent by some of the existing cabinet, to get his claims rather promptly allowed, realized for his share of the venture the snug sum of $35,000, which, with his pre­vious accumulations, made him a man of fortune.

The year 1852 was mostly occupied in making the tour of Europe, and, having returned to Montpelier the following year, he was seized with what was supposed to be a brain fever, which terminated fatally Sept. 23, 1853. He was in some respects rather a peculiar man—in nothing more so, perhaps, than in his likes and dislikes, and these again were generally as pecul­iarly manifested. The former might al­ways be known by his open commendation, and the latter by his entire silence when the names of the objects were respectively mentioned. This seemed to grow out of his constitutional sensitiveness, which was often affected by what would have affected few others, which he could not help, but which his natural conscientiousness en­abled him so to correct as never to make the matter worse by detraction. He was most constant and faithful to those who had his esteem; while to those who had not, he manifested only a negative conduct. But with his few peculiarities, Mr. Keith had many virtues. He was, in all his deal, one of the most strictly honest men in the world. His views of life, so­ciety and its wants, were just and elevated, and he was patriotic and liberal in contributing to the advancement of all good public objects. His character, indeed, was well reflected by his singular will, to which we alluded in a description of our new cemetery. By this will he notices a whole score of such as have gained his esteem, by bequests of valuable keepsakes or small sums of money, and then goes on to bequeath handsome sums for various public objects, among which was $1000 for a cemetery for Montpelier village, and $500 for a library for its academy. And thus he has identified his name with the public interests of the town where he longest resided, and should thus be remembered among its benefactors.

Calvin Jay Keith was buried in the family lot of Judge Chapin Keith, in Barre, but a monument was set up at Montpelier by his administrator.


CHENEY KEITH, the fourth son of Cha­pin Keith, was born Jan. 1798. He mar­ried Judith Wood, who is still living and active, July '81, though but a few days of 80 years old. Cheney was a well-to-do and industrious man, well educated, and also a leading and influential man in town bus­iness. He died Aug. 8, 1864, in his 67th year.


ERASMUS KEITH, brother of Roswell, was born July 23, 1792; died Feb. 12, 1813, being about 21 years of age.


LEONARD KEITH, the third son of Judge Chapin, was born July 25, 1795. He be­came one of the leading men of the town. He married for his first wife Nancy Choate, by whom he had several children. She dying, he married for his second wife Su­san Cook, who is still living July '81. Leon­ard Keith built the first starch factory in town, where many thousand bushels of potatoes were manufactured into starch, yielding a large income to the manufacterer, and a ready potato market to all the farmers around. He died Jan. 21, 1868, in his 64th year.




From Obituary in Watchman & journal.


Born in Wilbraham, Mass.; for 40 years




                                                                  BARRE.                                                              49


a citizen of Barre; in mill-building long stood without a known rival. His machine-shop and mill-wrighting establishment at Barre village had a reputation ex­tending far beyond the town and county even. It is the boast of scores of mechan­ics that they learned their trade of Joshua Twing. It was a custom with him to encourage poor young men to learn a trade, and then, with a good character and dili­gent hand, work their way up to distinction. He first learned his trade as an ap prentice to a machinist, after which he was emphatically self-made; and the mo­ment success began to crown his labors for himself, he turned to his straitened parents and provided for them. In this respect his example was like that of Joseph to his father, Jacob; and the same cup of kindness came back to cheer his declining years, from the hands of his children. Strictly honest in all his extensive dealings, and generous to a fault, the memory of him embalmed with the blessings of the poor, he still left an ample estate, the result of a long life of industry and personal prudence. He died in Montpelier, at the residence of his son-in-law, H. S. Loomis, in his 82d year, and labored with his own hands up to the last week of his life. He was buried in Barre Cemetery, where a fine granite monument has been erected to his memory.




From the Eulogy delivered before the New Hampshire Antiquarian Society,

July 20, 1880.




On the evening of the 19th of Nov. 1859, three young men met in a room over one of the stores in Hopkinton village, and formed themselves into an organization under the name of "The Philomathic Club." These young men were Silas Ketchum, Darwin C. Blanchard and Geo. E. Crowell. The number of this club was limited to seven. It was made a part of the compact "the Club should never cease except by unanimous consent, and so long as two of its members lived." The orig­inal design was social intercourse and lit­erary culture.

A private collection of relics, minerals and natural curiosities, belonging to Mr. Ketchum, was in May, 1860, placed in a room in Mr. Crowell's house, fitted for the purpose, and dedicated by the Club Oct. 13, following, in which room the Club met till Oct. 6, 1868. Jan. 10, '68, the first contribution was made to the old cab­inet. It was for a time located in Hen­niker; May 8, '72, was removed to Con­toocook. From this beginning has come the immense number of articles now in the possession of this Society, numbering more than 35,000.

Silas Ketchum was chosen Secretary of the Club, Aug. 20, 1867, which office he held until the adoption of the constitution of the New Hampshire Philomathic and Antiquarian Society, Nov, 19, 1873.

SILAS KETCHUM, son of Silas and Cynthia (Doty) Ketchum, was born in Barre, Vt., Dec. 4, 1835. His grand­father was Roger West Ketchum, born in Athol, Mass., 1770; his grand-mother was Wealthy Newcomb, daughter of Bradford Newcomb, and grand-daughter of Silas Newcomb, whose mother was Jerusha Bradford, daughter of Thomas Bradford, and great-grand-daughter of Major Wm. Bradford, son of William Bradford, who came to Plymouth in the May Flower, and was Governor of the colony 36 years. Mr. Ketchum was also descended from Ed­ward Doty, one of the 41 men who in the cabin of the May Flower affixed their names to the first constitution of government ever subscribed to by a whole people.

He was a good boy, thoughtful beyond his years, but feeble in his childhood, un­able to ever complete a full term of school till after twelve; fond of fishing in his youth, but as he grew old, turned his leisure moments to books. In 1854, his father removed from Barre, Vt., to Hop­kinton, N. H., and Silas learned and followed the trade of a shoemaker till 1855. But while steadily working at his trade, a more and more increasing desire for a knowledge that could take him upward out of his every-day duties pervaded him, and on his father's death, relying upon his own abilities, he resolved to obtain an educa‑




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tion. He attended Hopkinton Academy several terms, teaching after his second term in the Academy, in Nelson and in Amherst; fitted for college; did not enter on account of severe illness; pursued his studies under private instructors, and drawn toward the ministry, entered Bangor Theo. Sem. in 1860; Apr. 4, 1860; married Georgia C., daughter of Elbridge Hardy, Esq., of Amherst, N. H., a lady of culture and devoted companion to him until his death. While at Bangor he supported himself and wife by working at his trade; pursued a full course of study, never missing but one lecture or recitation; grad­uating in 1863. From Dec. '63, he preach­ed to the Congregational church in Wardsboro, Vt., nearly 2 years; moved to Brattleboro, to become associate editor with D. L. Milliken, of ''The Vermont Record" and Vermont School Journal. Sept. 17, 1867, ordained pastor of the Congrega­tional church at Bristol, N. H.; resigned in 1855, on account of ill-health; officiated in a small church in Maplewood, Mass., till Oct. 1876; occupied the pulpit of the Congregational church at Henniker sev­eral months, where he received a unani­mous and earnest call to become its pastor; declined to accept one at Poquonock, Ct., July 16, 1877, which church he was pastor of at his death.

During the whole time as student and preacher, he was a diligent collector of any and every thing of a rare and curious na­ture. He presented to the New Hamp­shire Historical Society 512 volumes; to the New Hampshire Antiquarian Society 1200 volumes and 3000 pamphlets; and to the American Congregational Association of Boston, 352 volumes. His private li­brary, at the time of his death, consisted of 2500 volumes, comprising many works of rare merit. Of all these societies he was a member, and also of several others: The New England Historic and Genealogical Society of Boston, the Historical Society of New York, the Prince Society of Boston, and the Society of Antiquity of Worcester, Mass., and others. He was Grand Chap­lain of the Grand Lodge of F. and A. Masons of New Hampshire from 1871 to 1875, and was many years an honorary member of the Orphans' Home Association. He was Corresponding Secretary of the New Hampshire Antiquarian Society from 1873 to 1875; President in 1876, '77, '78, and was for mane years connected with the press as correspondent, essayist and reviewer, and had at one time a tempting offer to enter the employ of Harper Brothers, of New York, which he declined, pre­ferring to continue his work as a minister of the gospel.

His first public address was delivered before the Lyceum at Warner, N. H., in the autumn of 1858; his subject was "Philip at Mount Hope." His published works are, A Farewell Discourse, Wardsboro, Vt., in 1865. History of the Philomathic Club, in 1875. Eulogy on Henry Wilson, at Malden, Mass., in 1876. Diary of the Invasion of Canada by the American Army in 1775. Special Geography of New Hampshire in 1877. Paul on Mars Hill, in 1879. Historic Masonry. Original Sources of Historic Knowledge, in 1879. Address at the Annual Meeting of the New Hampshire Antiquarian Society, July 15, 1879. At the time of his death, he had in course of preparation histories of the Ketchum and Doty families, and for some time had been at work upon an elaborate Dictionary of New Hampshire Biography, that he intended should be the crowning work of his life, and upon which he be­stowed most marvelous labor and care. Over 1000 sketches were completed, and material for 1500 more was well in hand. Worn down with such incessant toil, and being desirous of once more reaching the town which had so long been his home, he left the scene of his labors, reached the home of an intimate friend at Dorchester Highlands, Mass., where he passed peace­fully away upon Saturday morning, April 24, 1880. One of the most quiet, un­assuming, unselfish of beings, and one of the most industrious, rarest and best of men. In his youth, in his whole life, he was genial, gentlemanly; had great vigor of mind, fertility of resource, and a most complete thoroughness of execution in all he did; he excelled as a teacher, and as a


                                                                  BARRE.                                                              51


preacher in the pulpit, meeting his congre­gation with something fresh and original. He was pleasing. His short, sharp, crisp sentences arrested his auditors; they could but listen till the last word was spoken. Earnest in his utterances, deliberate in argument, concise in his statements, with purity of diction and loftiness of thought, he commanded the interest of his congrega­tion, and where he preached for any length of time it was soon doubled and trebled. Of him as an antiquarian and historian, his collections in the rooms of this society, one of the very largest of its kind in this country, speaks better words of commend­ation for him than I can utter, and stands as a more enduring monument than words can erect in honor of him.

Of his domestic relations suffice it to say, notwithstanding the immense amount of labor performed by him, his home, his family, was never forgotten, within that sacred, happy circle he was the central light. But he is gone from us, and is now transfigured and with the immortals. He was taken in the prime of life, with so much accomplished and so much left un­done.


(From the resolutions passed at this meeting of the N. H. Antiq. & Hist. Society)


"We here formally declare, and cause to be recorded for posterity to learn, that to the Rev. Silas Ketchum's thought, per­sonal labors, generous munificence, and untiring zeal, this New Hampshire Anti­quarian Society is indebted more than to any others, not only for its existence, but for its present proportions and prosperity."

"We recognize that New Hampshire as a state has lost one of her richest schol­ars, most logical thinkers, and most accurate historians, and society a most exemplary Christian man, whose daily walk was an inspiration to holy living."




From a very interesting description in the Argus and Patriot, of Nov. 13, 1877, with present statement of the Company, June, 1881.

"The foremost industry in Barre to-day (1877) is the manufacture of forks and ice tools. In 1861, two Brookfield men, Her­rick and Adams, established themselves at the mill-privilege in the upper part of Barre village; run four fires and one trip-ham­mer, and turned out from 300 to 600 dozen per year of round-tined hay and manure-forks. Frank Safford and Loren D. Blanch­ard bought the business in 1864, and Blanchard sold out to Clark Holden. The first year's business of this new firm was 1500 dozen forks. In '68 they added the manufacture of ice-plows and tools. From '68 to '77, sold some years 250 to 300 ice-plows with the ice-tools: Among other partners and stockholders to the present, have been Luke and Ira Trow, Hial O. Hatch (foreman,) L. T. Kinney; in March '76, the reorganization as a stock com­pany; Stafford and Holden half owners; of the other half ten other citizens of Barre owners; loss of some $12,000 by Chicago fire; totally destroyed by fire March, '77; rebuilt same year; foundation and flume split granite; forge-room 40 by 100 feet; 20 fires; 5 60-pound trip ham­mers and ice-tool machinery; cost about $6,000. The company use cast-steel in all their manufactures, made especially for them. There are 6 polishing machines for forks, one for ferrule and one for wooden handles; amount of work about 15,000 dozen per year of not less than 60 different patterns; employ about 50 workmen. Ire­land and Scotland take most of the forks. They go to Germany and South America. Ice-tools to Germany and Japan."


Statement of the Company, June, 1881: 17,000 dozen forks made in 1880; this year about the same; about $3,000 worth of new machinery put in; is now one of the most perfectly equipped shops in the country: directors: Josiah Wood, B. W. Braley, Dexter Trow, E. B. Wood, Hor­ace Fifield; Clark Holden, superintendent and treasurer; Nat. Whittier, assistant.









1796, Nicholas Snethen; 1797, Ralph Williston; 1798 and '99, Joseph Crawford; 1799, Elijah Chichester; 1800, Timothy Dewey; 1801, Truman Bishop and Thomas Branch; 1802, Solomon Langdon and Paul Dustin; 1803, Samuel Draper and Oliver Beale; 1804, Oliver Beale; 1805, Elijah Hedding and Daniel Young; 1806, Philip Munger and Jonathan Cheney; 1807, Sam­uel Thompson and Eleazer Wells; 1808, Solomon Sias; 1809, Warren Banister and George Gary; 1810, Eleazer Wells and




            52                           VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE.


Squire Streeter;  1811, Nathaniel W. Stearns and John Jewett; 1812, Ebenezer F. Newell and Joseph Dennett; 1813, David Kilburn; 1814, David Kilburn and Jason Walker; 1815, Joel Steele; 1816, Joel Steele and Thomas C. Pierce; 1817 and '18, Leonard Frost; 1819, Thomas C. Pierce; 1820, Squire B. Haskell and E. Dunham; 1821, John F. Adams and Abra­ham Holway; 1822, John F. Adams, D. Leslie and Z. Adams; 1823, Samuel Norris and Hascall Wheelock; 1824, D. Kilburn, H. Wheelock and A. H. Houghton; 1825, J. Lord, D. Leslie and Elihu Scott; 1826, A. D. Merrill and J. Templeton; 1827, J. B. White, E. Jordan and R. L. Harvey; 1828, Amasa Buck and D. Stickney; 1829, J. Templeton and J. Nayson; 1830, J. A. Scarritt and R. H. Deming; 1831, N. W. Scott and R. H. Deming; 1832, N. W. Scott and George F. Crosby; 1833, S. H. Cutler and J. Nayson; 1834, N. Howe and Otis F. Curtis; 1835, Geo. Putnam and L Wooster; 1836, Elihu Scott and D. Wil­cox; 1837, E. J. Scott and Moses Lewis; 1838, N. W. Aspinwall; 1839, N. Culver; 1840 and '41, J. Currier; 1842 and '43, J. L. Slauson; 1844 and '45, A. Webster; 1846, J. W. Perkins; 1847 and '48, B. Bed­ford; 1849 and '50, C. Fales; 1851 and '52, J. S. Dow; 1853, E. Copeland; 1854, E. Robinson; 1855, E. Copeland; 1856 and '57, Isaac McAnn; 1858, A. T. Bullard; 1859 and '60, J. L. Roberts; 1861 and '62, David Packer; 1863 and '64, H. K. Cobb; 1865, J. W. Bemis; 1866 and '67, Lewis Hill; 1868, Joshua Gill; 1869, Joseph A. Sherburn; 1870, '71 and '72, Peter Mer­rill; 1873, J. M. Puffer, (deceased while pastor); 1874, Walter Underwood; 1875, '76 and '77, W. H. Wight; 1878, '79 and '80, Harvey Webster; 1881, J. R. Bartlett.


The above list of preachers received since in press from Rev. Mr. Bartlett now at Barre, Editor of the Christian Messenger, author of the interesting pamphlet "Methodism in Williamstown." Rev. Mr. Bartlett has taken in hand a complete history of the Methodists in Barre which will be in pamphlet, and is promised to the supplement volume of this work. ED.



The completion of the railroad to Barre being accomplished and thoroughly cele­brated, the next thing in connection with the railroad looked for, was the telegraph at the village depot, which was duly opened, sending its first telegram, Oct. 1, 1875.

The Barre Fire Company, page 36, took the second prize, $200 at the trial in Bur­lington.


SAMUEL GOODELL, who resides at Mas­sena, N. Y., and who frequently writes for the newspapers—we have seen his verses in the Barre Enterprise of late—was "a Barre boy," and there are others natives of the town, both among the living and the dead, who should be all counted back to Barre before the record is finally closed for the first hundred years of her history.


ADDENDA: Page 16. The number of soldiers credited to Barre in the county table is incorrect. See selectmen's report for 1865; page 42.

Page 24, 2d col., not I. W. but I. N. Camp; page 25, 2d col., comma and not period after bank, and next after, small, not large a, one connected sentence. Barre Academy, same page, the name of Miss Emily Frett should have been added to the list of teachers, a neice of Mrs. Spaulding, who taught several years in this institution, now teacher in a normal school in Platteville, Wis.

Goddard Seminary, page 26, the dates for, was taken from the record of 1880, since which, Dr. Braley has died—see no­tice page 25; and J. M. Haynes, Esq., of St. Albans, is present vice president. The name, also, of the second principal, page 25, is Hawes and not Harris—F. M. Hawes. Page 48, for Susan Cook, read Mrs. Susan Town Cook.

We must also ask leniency for a few typographical errors in the County chapter. The proof sent to the author at a distance returned too late for corrections in place; we noted them for insertion here, and have made the mistake to lose the paper, and to send the proofs with them to another writer; they may be added to the addenda at close of the County.