Europe after Treaty of Utrecht, 1713
As the War of Spanish Succession drags to an end on the continent, British politicans were celebrating negotiations which have teken it out of the war. Under the terms of the Treaty of Utrecht, Britain has retained - from Spain - its hold on two great naval bases, Gibraltar and Minorca, and its position in the Mediterrean has been strengthened by a settlement which gave Naples and Reggio to its ally, the Emperor Charles VI. Britain has also gained - from France - sovereignity in Newfoundland, Hudson Bay and St. Kitts as well as recognition of the Hanoverian succession in Britain.
The treaty confirmed that Spain will be ruled by Phillip V, although he had to secede much of his empire, including Naples, Sardinia and the Netherlands (to Austria) and Sicily (to Savoy). He retained his colonial territories, althoughBritain has the monopoly of transporating negro slaves to them.
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