Velkommen to Norway Genealogy

Home    Index

Important Dates in Norway History


800's
Vikings raided western Europe and Mediterranean
890's

Harald Hårfagre ("fair-hair") unites Norway to single kingdom
Ireland under Norwegian rule. Iceland colonized.

995

King Olav Tryggvason converts Norway to Christianity

1000

Norway is split in three parts by Olof Skötkonung, King of Svealand, his step-father Svend Forkbeard, King of Denmark, and the exiled Jarl Eirik. King Olav Tryggvason defeated

1022

King Canute the Great of Denmark conquered  Norway. King Olav escaped to his relative King Jaroslav in Novgorod, where he raised an army. The new King of Sweden supports king Olav Haraldsson

1029

Bishopric founded in Trondheim (Nidaros)

1030

The battle of Stiklestad in Trøndelag, in which Olav Haraldsson is killed

1042

King Hardeknud of Denmark dies without an heir, and Denmark and Norway unite under King Magnus

1047

King Magnus defeated by his uncle Harald Hårdråde and Denmark and Norway were split

1066

Harald Hårdråde killed in the battle of Stamford Bridge while attempting to conquer England. Viking raids come to an end

1130-1240

 Civil wars. Population growth, development of towns, social changes

1184

Illegitimate son of King Sigurd, Sverre,  acknowledged as sole king. He consolidated the power of monarchy, created a new nobility and replaced an aristocratic administration with royal officials. His firm hand in ruling the church led Pope Innocent III to excommunicate him and lay Norway under interdict

1261/62

Greenland and Iceland subjected to Norwegian rule

1266

King Magnus VI Lagabøter (Law-Mender) ended  lingering war with Scotland by selling the Isle of Man & the Hebrides to Scotland

1274

Magnus VI introduced  national code of laws which remains in use for more than four centuries

1319

Three-year old King Magnus of Norway is also elected King of Sweden. End of Norway as an independent kingdom

1349-50

Black plague kills one third of Norway's inhabitants

1379

Marriage ties link Norway with both Sweden and Denmark, and Queen Margarete, the wife of Haakon VI, succeeded in gaining control of the country as their son the king was only five years old. He had already been elected King of Denmark

1387

The under-age king died. The nobles of the Senate (Council of the Realm) elected Erik of Pomerania, Margarethe's grandnephew, as their king. Margarethe is appointed Regent and unites Norway, Sweden, and Denmark in the Union of Kalmar

1536

Norway becomes a subject of the Danish crown. Danish becomes the written language of Norway. Reformation makes Norway Lutheran

1645

The provinces of Jämtland and Härjedalen are ceded to Sweden after Thirty Years' War. In 1658, Bohuslän is also lost to Sweden

1716-18

Sweden attacks Norway, but retreats when King Karl XII is killed at Fredrikshald

1814

The peace treaty of Kiel gives Norway to Sweden. Norway declares independence at Eidsvoll, but after a short war against Sweden, Norway agrees to union with Sweden. The Norwegian constitution written

1825

First organized emigration to America

1905

The union with Sweden falls apart and Norway becomes an independent kingdom. The Danish prince Karl becomes King Haakon VII of Norway

 

 

If you find any broken links, please notify me. Thanks!
 

Linda K. Schwartz
Norway Webmaster and Coordinator

This page may be freely linked to but may not be copied without permission of the owner, Linda K. Schwartz.
Copyright © 1997-2004 Linda K. Schwartz
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Page modified 26 January 2004 10:00:35 AM -0500