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Margaret S. Carter

The book can still be purchased from:
Southwest Graphics, Box 96, Darlington, WI  53530  

Notes on Text  
Pages 103 - 109

(PAGE 103)

(I add these sketchy notes chiefly to acknowledge the various souces I found most helpful.  Whenever I have quoted the "county historian:, I have quoted from History of Lafayette County, Wisconsin, published by The Western Historical company, Chicago, in 1881.)

Chapter 1

Of Names and Places

1.  French Regime in Wisconsin, LeSueur's Voyage up the Mississippi, Wisconsin Historical Collections, Vol. 16, p. 181.

2. History of Jo Davies County, Illinois, Chicago, 1878

3. Peterson, William J.,  Voyage of the Virginia, The Palimpsest, Vol. 14, p. 307

4. McKenney, Colonel Thomas L.,  The Winnebago War, Wis. Hist. Coll., Vol. 5.

5. Palmer Strange,  Western Wisconsin in 1836, Wis. Hist, Coll., Vol. 6, p 218.

Chapter 2

Into "the new diggings"

1.  History of Lafayette Co., Western Historical Co., Chicago, 1881, page 563

2.  Records relating to Leasing and Operation of Mineral Lands in Illinois and Wisconsin, letter from Hiram Currey to Mr. McKnight, photostat, State Historical Society library, Madison, Wisconsin.

3.  History of Lafayette Co., p. 406.

4.  Letter from Rev. Artus Kent to American Home Missionary Society, Photostatic copy - State Hist. Society library, Madison.

(PAGE 104)

5.  Martin, Morgan L.,  Narrative of Morgan L. Martin, 1829,  Wis. Hist. Coll., vol 11, page 398.

6.  Same.

Chapter 3

"....a great itching for privilege"

1.  Chandler's Map of 1829, "showing the mines then operating", copy of the original in wis. Hist. Coll., vol. 11.

2.  History of Jo Davies co., letter, Smith to Thomas, - p. 266.

3. Smith, Alice E.,  James Duane Doty, Frontier Promoter,  State Historical Society, Madison, 1854, page 88.

4. Same, page 97

5. Same, page 102

Chapter 4

Hard Times and Indian Troubles

1.  History of Lafayette Co., page 564

2. Same.

3. Unpublished thesis of Miss Ann Keppel.  "Attempts to Forulate and Administrate a Federal Lead Land Policy - 1787-1846", University of Wisconsin, 1954.

4. Pelzer, Louis;  Henry Dodge, State Historical Society of Iowa, Iowa City. 1911.  Page 56.

5. Gratiot, Mrs. Adele P.,  Narrative,  Wis. Hist. Coll., Vol. 10, p. 270.

Chapter 5

" secure a home"

1. Copies of both maps are to be found in this book.  Lyon's notes and maps may be found in the office of the Commissioner of Lands, State Capitol, Madison.

(PAGE 105)

Chapter 6

From Diggings to Smelter

1.  Ann Keppel.  "Scarcity of cash on the frontier prohibited the collection of rent in money.  Mineral was tangible and valuable and could be weighed and measured."

2.  County history.  "The diggers are generally keeping back their mineral.  I understand that Meeker (smelter) offers $18 an increase of 50 cents on the former price."  Report by Chas. Smith, government agent at Galena to superior.  Page 412

3.  Schafer, Joseph;  The Wisconsin Lead Region;  Madison, 1932, p. 34.

4.  Ann Keppel.

Chapter 7

A 'land office business'

1.  Rodolph, Theodore;  Pioneering in the Wisconsin Lead Region;  Wis. Hist. Coll., Vol. 15

2.  Ann Keppel.

3. Schafer, Joseph;  The Wisconsin Lead Region;  page 121.

4.  Records relating to leasing, etc.  Letter.  Madison.

Chapter 8

An Old Journal

1.  See History of Jo Davies  Co., IL.

2.  Among Field's papers.

3.  Washburne, Hon. E. B.;  Colonel Henry Gratiot, a Pioneer of Wisconsin; Wis. Hist. Coll., Vol. 10, page 256.

4.  Duckett, Kenneth;  Frontierman of Fortune, Moses Strong;  State Historical society of Wisconsin, 1955.

5.  Garra, Larry;  Westernized Yankee, Story of Cyrus Woodman;  State Historical Society, 1956.

(PAGE 106)

Chapter 9

The Territory and the First Census

1.  Smith, Alice E;  James Duane Doty;  Chapter 8.

2. E. B. Washburne and members of the Gratiot family (including Henry Gratiot) are buried in Greenwood Cemetery in Galena.

Chapter 10

"...full of money and becoming wealthy"

1. Brunson, Alfred, D. D.; A Methodist Circuit Rider's Horseback Tour From Pa. to Wis., 1835.

2. Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr.;  Age of Jackson.

Chapter 11

"..the hub of a busy wheel of industry"

1. Schafer, Joseph;  The Wiscionsin Lead Region;  page 81.

2.  County History, Page 566.

3.  Rodolf, Theodore;  Pioneering in the Wisconsin Lead Region;  Wis. Hist. Coll, vol. 15, pages 364-5

Chapter 12

The "Littel Mound"  Schoolhouse

1. Iowa County History;   Western Historical Co., Chicago, 1881; pages 476 ffg.

2.  Same.

3.  Murphy, W. W.; Benton, New Diggings and the Irish Immigration into Lafayette County;  Darlington Democrat, July, 1909.  

4.  Iowa Co.  Hist.

(PAGE 107)

5.  Murphy, W. W.

6. O'Connor, Sister Mary Paschala;  Five Decades;  Sinsinawa Press, 1954

7.  This school, remembered and attended by the present older generation, was 'two stories high, 30 X 60, and cost $2300.  It was divided into two departments, primary and grammar, requiring the services of two teachers, at a cost of $800 per annum."  Put up in 1875, this building was torn down and rebuilt near the present schoolhouse during the period of prosperity following World War I, and has served as gymnasium and meeting place since that time.  The present brick structure, erected in 1918-19, for thirty years a State Graded School of three rooms with a two year and later, a four year high school, has been reduced to a two room school in recent years.

Chapter 13

"We are becoming quite a moral, respectable community"

1.  Lewis, John T.  correspondence, Rev. Lewis to Rev. Hall, american Home Missionary Society.  Photostats in library of Wis. State Historical Society.

2.  Same

3. Same.

4. Same.

5.  Mazzuchelli, Samuel;  Memoirs Historical and Edifying of a Missionary apostolic of the Order of St. Dominic Among Various Indian Tribes and Among the Catholics and Protestants in the United States of America;  Chicago, W. F. Hall, 1915; translated from the Italian by Sister Mary Benedicta Kennnedy, O.S.D.

6.  Sinsinawa Female Academy was incorporated Aug. 18, 1848 at Sinsinawa; moved to Benton to become Benton Female Academy, incorporated March 25, 1862; changed to St. Clara Female Academy at Sinsinawa Feb. 22, 1868.  Title changed to St. Clara College, April 25, 1901.  Father Mazzuchelli, founder, died Feb. 23, 1864.

(PAGE 108)

7.  Williams, John T. ; Diary;  photostat in library of State Historical Society of Wisconsin.

Chapter 14

"...order out of chaos".  sale of Reserved Lands"

1.  County history.

2.  Ann Keppel.

3.  Same.  Also County History.

4.  Goodhue, James M.;  Struck a Lead;  Lancaster, Wis., 1883; page 13.

5.  Same; page 14.

6.  Ann Keppel.

7.  Same.

8.  Same.

Chapter 15

New Diggings and the "Forty-Niners"

1.  Schafer, Joseph; page 107.

2.  Same; page 141.

Chapter 16

New Diggings in the 1850's

1.  County History.

2.  Field Papers.

3.  Day Books and Ledger of the Vipond and Campbell Store, beginning 1850.

(PAGE 109)

4.  U. S. Census, 1850.  Library of State HIstorical Society, Madison.

Chapter 17

From Native Born to English and Irish

(nothing was listed on this page)

Patrons' Directory in Plat Book of Lafayette County - 1895  Pages 111 - 112  

  "New Diggings on the Fever 1824 - 1864"       Lafayette County Homepage

County Coordinator  Dori Leekley

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