Village government is made up of a president, trustees, clerk, treasurer, assessor, municipal justice and constable or village marshal. There may also be a health officer.
The president meets with the trustees and other village board members to discuss and decide all village matters. All forms of local government must work with state and national government. The president has an equal vote on all matters, but cannot veto. The president may appoint someone to fill a vacancy, such as village marshal).- He may do this, because if a vacancy occurs right after an election, then it would be two years before a new person could be elected.
The clerk of the village keeps all records of meetings and posts all notices of village meetings. The clerk files all new information.
The treasurer collects village taxes and keeps books on all financial matters of the village. The treasurer sends out tax statements to all property owners of ttie village. Dog taxes are also collected.
The assessor evaluates the property and buildings in the village and upon his recommendation, the rate is set. Property taxes are collected from December through February of each year.
The Justice has very limited powers in the village. He hears cases involving traffic or parking violations.
Trustees are elected to the village board as representatives of the people to carry out the details of the village. They meet monthly with the village president to decide matters pertaining to the operation and maintenance of the village such as water, sewer, streets and etc. They discuss all matters which involve the people of the village. If a big issue comes up, they may call for a referundum.
CONSTABLE OR VILLAGE MARSHALL
It is the duty of the constable or village marshal! to maintain law and order in the village. He may have to collect stray dogs as well.
The health officer is to keep records and make reports on all communicable diseases in the village. They are reported to the county health office and from there to the state. The duties have been greatly reduced due to immunizations and modern medicine.
People in the village are also under county government. In general, county government is organized around a governing board and a greatly varied array of individual officers, boards, commissions and other part time committees. The pattern is not uniform, usually, even within a state. Part of the structure and even many details of organization may be set out in the state constitution. The remainder is usually determined by state law.
Despite the variety of county governments, a few generalizations can be made about county government, including the following:
1. With the exception of a very few urban counties, there is no chief executive officer for the county. A group of co-equal, elected administrators is the common pattern.
2. County government grew unsystematically and has rarely been deliberately revised and altered as has been the case with municipal government in most states.
3. The separation-of-powers principle has not been important in county government. Executive, legislative and judicial powers are often to be found in the same person.
4. County government structure falls generally into two types: the commissioner form and the supervisor form. This latter form of county government is what Oconto County has. The governing board is made up of members who are also holding office, usually as judicial, township or municipal officers. Our County has 24 supervisor districts. These people represent the cities, towns and villages of Oconto county on the board of supervisors. The county then, is becoming an increasingly important unit for the provision or providing of social services wanted by the public, but only very slow change can be noted toward making its government more responsive to popular control.
The county executive officer is called "Chairman of the County Board." He presides over the county board meetings and if he should be absent, the vice chairman takes over. If the vice chairman is also absent, the county clerk shall call the meeting to order.