Oconto County WIGenWeb Project
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OCONTO COUNTY
Wisconsin
FAMILIES and BIOGRAPHIES

.BELL.

Researched and contributed by descendant: James Schneider



The contributor welcomes e-mail on these families. Please click on the name above for a direct link. 
Letter of Intent - Petition for Citizenship
STATE OF WISCONSIN }  Be It Remembered  That on the ..... 3 rd......day of 
   Sheboygan County } 
.....June....AD 1861............James Bell.............an alien and native
of ................Canada........personally appeared before me ...E. Gilman....Clerk 
of the Circuit Court in and for said county, and DECLARES on his solemn oath, that he first arrived in the United States in the month of... August... AD  1848 and that it is his bona fide intention to become a citizen of the United States, and to renounce forever all allegance and fedelity to and Foreign Prince, Potentate, State, or Sovereignty whatever and particularly to... Victoria Queen of England..... 
Subscribed and sworn to before me this
....3rd....day of ...June.....1861
.........E Gilman......Clerk                                       James Bell   

FAMILY OF JAMES BELL & LOUISA LOCK(E) 

2/2009

[emigrated (Ireland to New York to Canada) 1826 – back to the United States in 08/1848 (James in 1855 and Louisa in 1845 according to 1900 census) intent filed 06/03/1861 (Sheboygan County, WI) – naturalized 10/06/1868, Oconto County Clerk’s Vol. 2, page 226, file #1873, No 40]

JAMES BELL [son of Seamus Bell and ?? ?? (Scotland)]

            b.  05/20/1815   Belfast, Ireland (Scotch/Irish decent) (d.c.) (1817 according to his “story”)

            d.  09/29/1922   Abrams, Oconto County, Wisconsin (8/665 ©)

            (107y-4m-9d)    Buried:  Brookside Cemetery, Abrams, Oconto County, Wisconsin

                                    [1880 census, death record, immigration info]

            [1825 Canadian census – (possible) James Bell living Montreal, Quebec, Canada

                                    (Micro Reel # C-718 – pages 2081-2100)]

            [1829 Canadian Immigration Records – (possible) James Bell, native of Ireland, listed in Settlers in the

Ottawa Valley (Micro Reel # B-945 – C.O. 384/22, page 78)]

            [1839-41 Canadian Immigration Records – (possible) James Bell, Entries from the Crown Lands Office,

Chatham (Kent County) Ontario (RG 1, L7, Vol. 98)]

           

LOUISA LOCK(E) [daughter of Benjamin Locke (England) and Elizabeth Nell (England)]

b.  08/01/1818   Kent County, England (on headstone:  b.  1818 – d.  1923)

(emigrated 1824 England to Canada? – newspaper article)

            d.  04/24/1925   Abrams, Oconto County, Wisconsin (9/345 ©)

            (105y-8m-23d)  Buried:  Brookside Cemetery, Abrams, Oconto County, Wisconsin

1st  husband Ben Brazier (Canada) - married at age 14 - first 2 children born of this marriage - Mary Ann (Charles Edward Schultz) and Elizabeth Ann (Joseph F. Toole).  Brazier died shortly after Elizabeth was born and she married James Bell.  Louisa Locke Brazier Bell was 19 at the time of her marriage to James Bell.

Possible Marriage Records:  Eastern District Marriages

            Volume VII, Page 101

            John Brazier and Louise Lock, both of Walpole – witness Josiah Locke and Mary Ann Dean
 

            Volume III, Page 212 (1854)

            James Bell, 25, and A. Lock, 19, by license, Mitilda

Rev Thomas Scott, Minister Church of Scotland, Williamsburg (1852-1857)

            [1851 Canadian census – James Bell (25-b.Ire), Louisa Bell (24-b.Eng), Mary Bell (7-b.Can),

                                    Jane Bell (4-b.Can) and Eli Bell (2-b.Can)

                                    living Walpole, Haldimand County, Ontario, Canada

                                    (roll:  C-11725 schedule A – page 9 – lines 26 through 30)]

            [1851 Canadian census – (possible) Louisa Locke (b.1820) living Haldimand County, Ontario

                                    and Benjamin Locke (b.1796) living Ontario, Canada]

            [1860 census – (possible) William Bell (52-b.Scotland), Eliza Bell (39-b.Eng) and James Bell (24-b.Can)

                                    living Sheboygan (ward 2), Sheboygan County, Wisconsin

                                    (M653-1432 – page 209 – image 210)]

[1870 census – James Bell (52-b.Ireland), Louisa Bell (40-b.Eng), Eli (21-b.Can), James (13-b.WI), Louisa

(11-b.WI), John (5-b.WI), William (2-b.WI) living Pensaukee, Oconto County, Wisconsin

(TM593-1730 – page 308 – image 160)]

 [1880 census – James Bell (58), Louisa Bell (wife-56), James W. (son-22), John (son-14), William (son-11),

Annie Toble (Toole) (granddaughter-15) and Alice Toble (Toole)  (grandaughter-11)

living Pensaukee, Oconto County, Wisconsin

(T9-1440 – page 287D – ED 107)]

             [1895 census – James Bell living Pewaukee (Pensaukee), Oconto County, Wisconsin

                                    (Wisconsin State Census 1895 – line 26 – roll v226-17)]

[1900 census – James Bell (head-80-b.Ire), Louisa Bell (76-b.Eng) and James W. (son-43-b.WI)

 living Pensaukee, Oconto County, Wisconsin

(T623-1808 – page 1A – ED 144)]

             [1905 census – James Bell Sr (87-b.Ire), Louisa Bell (73-b.Eng) and James Bell Jr. (49-b.WI)

                                    Living Pensaukee, Oconto County, Wisconsin

                                    (Wisconsin State Census 1910 – line 39/40/41 – roll CSUSAWI 1905-20)]

[1910 censusJams A. Bell (91), Louisa Bell (86-b.Eng) and James W. (52-b.WI)

living Pensaukee, Oconto County, Wisconsin

(T624-1729 – page 242B – ED 111 – part 2 – line 27-34)]

            [1920 census – James Bell (head-103-b.Ireland), Louisa Bell (wife-101-b.Eng) and James (son-63-b.WI)

living Abrams, Oconto County, Wisconsin

(T625-2007 – page 2B – ED 155 – image 634)] 

Marriage:  Before August 1838, Matilda Township, Dundas County, Ontario, Canada (1838 according to newspaper account) – However, the 1851 Canadian Census shows Mary (Braizer) age 7 and Jane (Bell) age 4 – therefore, probable date of marriage would be 1848 (1847 in Louisa Bell’s Obituary)

Immigration:  Entered U.S. from Canada at Detroit 09/1855? – letter of intent indicates they arrived in Sheboygan, WI in August 1848 but they were in Canada during 1851 Canadian Census

Children:  (10)

Mary Ann (Brazier) (Schultz)

            b.  1832/35        Ontario, Canada

            d.  1928                        Wisconsin

                                    Buried:  Fort Howard Cemetery, Fort Howard, Brown County, Wisconsin
 

            Married:            09/28/1862, Charles Edward Shultz, Oconto County, Wisconsin (Vol. 1, Page 7)

b. 10/08/1837    Prussia (marriage record) Germany (d.r. & census records)

            d. 04/11/1910    Green Bay, Brown County, Wisconsin (Vol. 12, page 365)

                                    Buried:  Fort Howard Cemetery, Fort Howard, Brown County, Wisconsin

 
                                   Parents:  Charles Shultz and Mary Pfeifer (d.r. & m.r.)

 

Elizabeth A. (Brazier) (Toole)

            b.  1835/38        Ontario, Canada

            d.  before 1880  Wisconsin

                                    Buried:  Brookside Cemetery, Abrams, Oconto County, Wisconsin
 

Married:            08/17/1863, Joseph F. Toole, Oconto, Oconto County, Wisconsin (Co File #1/8 ©)

                        (State of WI #01 005 N 07693)

                        b. 1824             Ireland

                        d. before 1880   Wisconsin
 

                        Parents:  Dominick Toole & Mary (unk) (m.r.)

 

Jane (Christian)     

            b.  02/28/1848   Walpole, Haldimand County, Ontario, Canada

d.  12/28/1939   Abrams, Oconto County, Wisconsin (Co File #14/98 ©)

                        Buried:  Brookside Cemetery, Abrams, Oconto County, Wisconsin
 

            Married:            07/02/1867,  Peter Christian, Green Bay, Brown County, Wisconsin (Vol 3, P 263 ©)

                        (State of WI #2471)

b. 01/07/1837    Denmark

d. 02/13/1911    Pensaukee, Oconto County, Wisconsin (Co File #5/925 ©)

                        Buried:  Brookside Cemetery, Abrams, Oconto County, Wisconsin

                                   Parents:  James Christian & Christine (unk)

Eli

            b.  04/16/1848   Hamilton, (Haldimand County?) Ontario, Canada (d.c.)               

            d.  09/18/1934   Kenosha, Kenosha County, Wisconsin (WI Reg. No. 1333 ©)

                 09/21/1934   Buried:  Riverside Cemetery, Peshtigo, Marinette County, Wisconsin (d.c.)

            Married:            02/10/1874, Julia Windross, Brown County, Wisconsin (Vol 3,  Page 0170)

                        (State of WI #2471)

                                    b.  04/09/1857   Wisconsin (d.r.)

                                    d.  10/12/1908   Peshtigo, Marinette County, Wisconsin (Co File #5/400)

                                    Buried:  Riverside Cemetery, Peshtigo, Marinette County, Wisconsin

                                    Parents:  John Windross & Ann (unk)

 

John   

            b.  01/07/1865   Abrams, Oconto County, Wisconsin

d.  05/31/1932   Abrams, Oconto County, Wisconsin (Co File #11/486 ©)

                        Buried:  Brookside Cemetery, Abrams, Oconto County, Wisconsin

             Married:  1st      Emma   
                              2nd    Harriet (Hattie) 

 

William

            b.  (1853-55)     Sheboygan County, Wisconsin (1869 according to 1880 census)

            d.  1933

                                    Buried:  Brookside Cemetery, Abrams, Oconto County, Wisconsin

            Married:            03/31/1891, Theresa R. Pancratz, Abrams, Oconto County, Wisconsin (Co File #4/99/13 ©)

                        (State of WI #02 0023 N 00603)

                                    b. 08/22/1870    Little Suamico, Oconto County, Wisconsin (m.r.)

                                    d. 05/05/1910    Coleman, Marinette County, Wisconsin (Co File #6/1088 ©)

                                    Buried:  Brookside Cemetery, Abrams, Oconto County, Wisconsin

                                     Parents:              Louis Pankratz & Johannah (unk)

James W.

b.  1856-58        Sheboygan County, Wisconsin (census records)

d.  1923                        Oconto County, Wisconsin

                        Buried:  Brookside Cemetery, Abrams, Oconto County, Wisconsin

             Married:            Never Married  (always lived with parents)

 

Louisa (Heider)

            b.  01/29/1860   Oconto, Oconto County, Wisconsin (d.r.)

d.  07/10/1945   Abrams, Oconto County, Wisconsin (Co File #15/603)

Buried:  Brookside Cemetery, Abrams, Oconto County, Wisconsin

 Married:            05/03/1876, Charles Heider, Abrams, Oconto County, Wisconsin (Co File #2/140)

b. 09/27/1845    Slazigin, Germany

d. 01/14/1930    Oconto County, Wisconsin (Co File #10/786)

Buried:  Brookside Cemetery, Abrams, Oconto County, Wisconsin

                                    Parents:              Carl Heider & Helena (unk)

 

Eliza (died as a child) 

            b.  Oconto County, Wisconsin

            d.  01/09/1868   Oconto County, Wisconsin

 

 

Caroline (adopted granddaughter - died as a child) 

            b.  Oconto County, Wisconsin

d.  09/20/1874   Oconto County, Wisconsin

JAMES BELL (1815 – 1922)

 
James Bell emigrated from Ireland to the United States in 1826 with is mother and 2 brothers - his mother died during the ocean crossing.  He then moved to Canada with one brother (unknown, possibly George) and another family.  The 3rd brother was taken “west” by another family and was never heard from again.  He married Louisa Locke in 1938 (according to a newspaper account) and they and their family moved to Sheboygan County, Wisconsin in 1848.  They then moved to Fort Howard (Brown County) and then to Oconto County, Wisconsin in approximately 1861 or 1862 (after his declaration of intent to become a United States citizen) where they settled along the shore of the Pensaukee River near the Town of Pensaukee.  On 05/02/1859 James Bell owned 40.00 acres of land in Section 9, Township 27 North, Range 21 East.  On 05/25/1870 records show him owning 120.00 acres in the same section.  The road named “Bell Bridge Road” intersecting U.S. 41 west of Pensaukee and east of Brookside is named after James and Louisa.

Declaration of Intent to Become a United States Citizen:  On 06/03/1861, in Sheboygan County, Wisconsin, James Bell appeared before the Clerk of the Circuit Court and declared that he first arrived in the United States in August1848 and intended to become a citizen of the United States.

 

THE BELLS OF ABRAMS 

(a short version of the life of James and Louisa Bell)

“It seems like yesterday I left the Port of Cork and on a ship from Erin’s Isle, I landed in New York.  There wasn’t a soul to meet me there, a stranger on the shore, but Irish Luck was with me and fortune sailed galore”.

The words from this song are strangely entwined in the life of James Bell, who was born in Ireland May 20, 1817, came to Wisconsin to live and made Abrams his home.

Let’s go back to Ireland in the year 1826.  Living was hard.  There was never enough to eat and the land would not yield the crops.  The landlords were strangling the people with their cries for “more rent”.

The day finally came when the Bell family sold their small holding of land and used the money to pay for their passage to America.  Seamus Bell and his lovely, young, pretty wife and their three children would live in America where they would never know the pangs of hunger again.

At last the day came in which they were to leave.  Seamus left his wife and the young ones at the ship in Cork Harbor.  He said he had some last minute business that needed tending.  The young Mrs. Bell knew he was owed money and he went to collect it.  The men who owed him money were a rowdy lot, with their drinking and carrying on. “Please God, keep him safe”, she silently prayed. 

But a messenger came, Seamus Bell had been dragged by his horse on the Dublin Road.  Sure’n he had some poteen (Irish Whiskey) in him.  Thank God.

With a long last look at Ireland, Mrs. Bell and her family set sail for a new land and a new life.  But the young Mrs. Bell was never to see the new land.  She became ill, as so many did on that crossing, died and was buried at sea.

The three young boys were left homeless, alone and in a strange country.  The youngsters lived in packing boxes in back of an old dry goods store.  A couple going west took the younger brother, and they never saw each other again.  Another couple befriended James and his brother and took them to live in Canada.

“The Bells of Abrams” – page 2

With the passing of years, James Bell married Louise Loche.  The traveled to Wisconsin and lived near Sheboygan for a time, then to Fort Howard and came by row boat along the shore of the Pensaukee river.  The settled by Bell Bridge, which is named after the couple. 

James Bell remembered the Pensaukee tornado and how it followed the Pensaukee river and took the water out of the river and twisted big elms and oaks right out of the ground.  It took from 3 to 4 days for the water to come back in. 

The Bells moved from West Pensaukee to Abrams to where the Earl Bartz place now stands.

James and Louisa Bell raised 10 children and most of them seemed to have inherited a long life.

The Bells were the most picturesque couple in Wisconsin and believed to be in 1921, the oldest couple in the United States.  At 104 James hadn’t missed a day walking into the post office at night after the chores were done and bringing the papers to his wife to read to him.  Her eyes were just a “wee mite better than his”, he reluctantly would admit when asked who read the papers.  Mrs. Bell at 102 milked her cow each day.

Someone once asked the Bells what their secret for longevity was.  They said, “we just minded our own business and didn’t worry.  That is the way we have always lived.  We have had hard knocks before, but we didn’t let them put us down, and that is about all there is to living a long time and enjoying everything in life”.

James Bell died at the age of 105 September 29, 1922, and his wife died in 1923 at the age of 103.

Incidental Information:

Information found in the Ontario Register 1780-1870 

Eastern District Marriages:  Volume VII, Page 101

            John Brazier and Louise Lock, both of Walpole – witness Josiah Locke and Mary Ann Dean

Eastern District Marriages:  Volume III, Page 212 (1854)
 

            James Bell, 25, and A. Lock, 19, by license, Mitilda

Rev Thomas Scott, Minister Church of Scotland, Williamsburg (1852-1857)

News Releases:

Green Bay Press-Gazette: 

ABRAMS HOME OF COUPLE BELIEVED OLDEST IN U.S. –

LIFE STILL SWEET TO COUPLE, PAST 100 YEAR MARK, WED 81 YEARS

Hard Work and Minding Their Business Bring Reward of Peaceful Old Age (by a Staff Correspondent)

 

Abrams, Wis. – This little village, nestling in the southeast corner of Oconto County, claims the distinction of having the oldest couple in the United States.  Mr. and Mrs. James Bell, Sr., who live with their son, James Jr., in a small cottage near the outskirts of the town have each passed the century mark.

            Mr. Bell is 104 years old.  He was born in Belfast, Ireland, May, 1817.  His mate, English by birth, was born in 1819.

            Despite their advanced age the couple take a wholesome interest in life and are keen observers of all that is going on around them.     They know all the gossip of the village and are generally referred to as the township biographers.  The have a certain number of chores which they perform diligently each day and count that day lost when they do not finish some odd job around their home.

            Mr. Bell walks down to the postoffice, about a quarter of a mile away, daily.  He gets the mail and chats with friends and then returns home, where his wife, whose sight is just a trifle better than his, reads him the daily papers, preferably the Green Bay Press-Gazette.

            Mrs. Bell keeps informed on all the world’s happenings.  Her mind is remarkably clean and she can discuss the early history of Wisconsin with all the knowledge and fineness of a historian.  Despite her frail build, up to two years ago, she milked seven cows twice daily, never missing a milking for any reason.

            At present, Mrs. Bell is sewing a patchwork quilt.

            “What do you think of those seams,” asked her 64 year old son as he proudly showed samples of her work to a press-Gazette correspondent.  The seams were nigh perfect.  “I expect to finish this quilt in a few days and start another” chimed in Mrs. Bell.  “My little girl tells me I work too much, but I like to be always doing something and my needle is seldom idle,” she added.  The “little girl” she referred to is Mrs. M.A. Schultz, a 76 year old daughter, and the oldest of seven children living.  The baby of the family is William, of Mason, Wis. 53 years of age.

            Mr. Bell is a woodsman of the old school. He knows every foot of timber land in Oconto County and when he was a bit younger, spent most of his time among the tall trees and tiny birches.  While on one of his jaunts through the forests a few years ago he discovered a real white pine.  “I decided right then and there that I wanted that tree” he said.  “I cut it down, hauled it to town and hewed it into that flagstaff that you see standing near the village depot.”  The staff is 96 feet high and was erected a few years ago by Abrams residents.   During the war Old Glory snapped from this mast, being raised each morning and taken down in the evening by residents.

            The centenarians had no particular recipe for their longevity.  “We just minded our own business, didn’t worry and worked hard” said Mr. Bell.  “Sure, I smoke and I drank a little liquor, too, before prohibition.  No, I don’t think much of prohibition.  I drank moderately for many years and no one can say that it has injured my health.  I have never been sick a day in my life and I don’t know what a doctor looks like.”  “No I don’t need any help” said Mr. Bell indignantly when the correspondent offered to help him down the porch steps into the yard where he and his wife posed for a picture.  “With this old stick I can get anywhere.”

            Mr. and Mrs. Bell have lived in their present home 45 years, being among the first settlers in this section of the county.  Prior to coming to Abrams, they lived at Pensaukee for a number of years, going there from Sheboygan County.  They came to Sheboygan from Canada, where Mr. Bell met his wife. 

            The couple have been married for 81 years, having celebrated a silver, golden, and diamond wedding anniversary.  “We might celebrate our 100th anniversary too, you can never tell” remarked Mr. Bell.  “We both feel pretty pert.”

            Mr. and Mrs. Bell are the parents of ten children, seven of whom are living.  “How many grandchildren have we got?” he queried.  “Let’s see.”  After thinking awhile, Mr. Bell gave it up.  “I can’t tell you; ask my daughter.”  Mrs. Schultz said that there were 31 grandchildren and several score great grandchildren living.

 

OBITUARIES

Obituary of James Bell, Sr.

DEATH SEPARATES NATION’S OLDEST COUPLE FRIDAY

James Bell Sr., Died At Home Of Daughter In Abrams At Age Of 105 

– Couple Made Home In Oconto County For Sixty-Seven Years

 

            The oldest couple in the United States, Mr. and Mrs. James Bell, Sr., Abrams, was separated by death Friday.

            After an illness of several months from a complication of troubles incident to old age, James Bell, Sr., died at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Jane Christian Friday.  At the time of his death he was over 105 years old.  His wife, who survives him, is 103 years old.

            James Bell was born in Ireland May 20, 1817.  At the age of nine he moved to Northern Canada.  In 1847 he was married and a few years later he with his wife moved to Oconto County where they made their home for 67 years.  Their first home was located near the bridge between Pensaukee and Abrams that for many rears has been known as the Bell bridge.  Their home at that time was a little cabin located in a small clearing in the wilderness.  A few miles east was the little settlement known as Pensaukee.  A small lumber mill was located there, and a few small trails extended out into the surrounding country.  This with a few logging camps and small sawmill communities constituted about the only habitation in the county at that time.

            A few years later Mr. and Mrs. Bell with a family of five children moved onto a piece of land in Morgan.  Here for several years they struggled and toiled to carve a farm out of the forest, and just as they had begun to make headway, just as they had accumulated enough for a comfortable home, and had enough ground under cultivation to support them in comfort, along came the great forest fire of 1871 destroying everything in it’s path.

            The night of horror, where they were, hemmed in by a raging forest fire has left and indelible impression on Mrs. Bell’s memory.  She tells the story of how they fought desperately to save their home and how they struggled to save their lives with a vividness that makes it seem as thought the disaster must have happened but yesterday.

            After fighting the fire with water, mud and dirt, they finally found themselves powerless before the onrush of the destroying flames.  They managed to tie a team and one cow in an open field and then they with the five children saved their lives by getting out into a marsh, and standing all night in water waist deep.

            Last January along in the very latter days of their lives they again met disaster by fire.  This time their home was destroyed completely in an early morning fire.

            After this fire a comfortable little home was built out of a granary.  Here they made their home with Mrs. Mary Schultz, daughter of Mrs. Bell, seventy-four years of age, until Mr. Bell’s recent illness forced him to take up his residence with his daughter, Mrs. Jane Christian, Abrams.

            A great deal has appeared in newspapers everywhere about this couple much of which is true and some of which is fantastic exaggeration.  For several years both Mr. and Mrs. Bell have been too feeble to work, but Mrs. Bell cared for her home and did all of her own work when she was well past the 90 year mark in life.

            Deceased is survived by his aged wife, and four sons, Eli Bell, Kenosha; James Bell, Abrams; John Bell, Mason, Wisconsin, William of Tipler and two daughters, Mrs. Jane Christian, and Mrs. William Heider, Abrams.

            The funeral was held from the Methodist Episcopal Church, Abrams Monday afternoon, Reverend J. O. Eninger officiating.  Burial was made in the Abrams cemetery.

             His grandsons, sons of Mr. and Mrs. William Heider, Abrams, acted as pallbearers.  Relatives from out of town who attended the funeral were Ed Christian and family, Channing; Mrs. William Gordon and son, Harold; Oscar Schultz, Green Bay; Editor R.P. Smith and his wife, and Mrs. Freeman Kilmer, Oconto Falls.

 

Obituary of Louisa Bell

FUNERAL SERVICE HELD FOR STATE’S OLDEST RESIDENT

Mrs. Louisa Bell, 105, Who Died Friday, Is Buried In Brookside Cemetery 

(Special to the Press-Gazette)

 

            OCONTO, Wis., – Mrs. Louisa Bell, one of the first settlers of Wisconsin and the oldest pioneer in this part of the state was laid to rest today in the Brookside Cemetery having seen more than 105 years of this life of which 76 years were spent in Wisconsin.

            Mrs. Bell, who died Friday afternoon in Abrams, was born in England, county of Kent, on August 1, 1819 and at the age of 5 migrated with here parents to Canada.  She was first married at the age of 14 and was married a second time, to James Bell, in Canada, at the age of 19.  In 1849 Mr. and Mrs. Bell came to Wisconsin with their family and settled in Sheboygan County where they pioneered in the woods.  Along about 1860 the family came north and settled in Pensaukee.  Here they were in the midst of the wilderness at that time and the children, now great-grandmothers tell of how they would not venture from their log-cabin for days on account of the bears, wolves and wild-cats that surrounded their homestead.

 Kept Faculties to the Last

            Asked if the Indians troubled them any or if there were many here at that time, Mrs. Schultz the oldest daughter replied “Indians there were few, but mosquitoes they troubled us” raising both her hands in a sign of memory of despair.  For in those days these parts were nothing but swamps and mosquito-killing methods were unknown.

            Mrs. Bell always attributed her longevity to plenty of hard work which a pioneer usually enjoys, and plain foods.  She was able to be about the house up to a few weeks of her death and up to five years ago did all her own housework.  Her mind was clear to the last and her eyesight never failed her, although in recent years she could not read.

            These physical conditions which she enjoyed to the end were the gratification of her one wish, that she should not live so long as to lose any of her five senses.

            Her husband preceded Mrs. Bell in death about two years ago also at an age of over a century.

Scores of Grand-children

            Of her family of 12 children, 5 are dead and she is survived by the daughters and four sons; Mrs. M.A. Schultz, 80; Mrs. Jane Christian, 77 and Mrs. Louisa Heider, 65 at home; Eli, 75, of Kenosha; James, 69, at home; John, 59, Delta, Wis; and William 48, of Tipler.

            No one in the family would make an attempt to figure up accurately the number of grand-children, great- grand-children and great-great-grand-children.



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