you will find added information on US Civil War
who lived in Oconto County at some time in their lives,
either before, during or after the war.
William I. Pope by: Glenda Breslin
MILITARY: WI, Oconto. Found on-line at Ancestry.Com Milirary records: William I.
Pope fought in the Civil War on the Union side. He was in Company H 39 Infantry
Regiment volunteering from Oconto County, Wisconsin in May 1864. Also millitary
papers from NARA confirm.
UNION WISCONSIN VOLUNTEERS: 39th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry
(100 days, 1864).
Organized at Milwaukee, Wis., and mustered in June 3, 1864. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., June 13-17. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Post and Defences of Memphis, District of West Tennessee. Garrison, railroad guard and picket duty at and about Memphis, Tenn., till September. Repulse of Forest's attack on Memphis August 21. Mustered out September 22, 1864. Regiment lost during service: 3 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 27 Enlisted men by disease. Total 31. http://www.civilwar.nps.gov/cwss/regiments.cfm
Oconto County, Wisconsin, served as the home for many pioneers fueling the western expansion of the United States. Hiram Ames, his wife the former Angeline Rider, and their daughter Georgianna, arrived from Maine in the late 1850's and started farming near Pensaukee. Three more daughters were born to this union before Hiram answered the sound of the drums of the Civil War.
Leaving his family behind, at the age of 32, this 5 foot 9 inch, blue eyed, ruddy completed, farmer jointed the "Oconto County River Sackers," Company F, 12th Infantry Regiment of the Army of the Northern Republic. Waiting until after celebrating Christmas with his family in 1863, he enlisted for three years on December 29, 1863 and took his first military training in Madison, Wisconsin.
Not long after enlisting, Hiram Ames, joined other members of Wisconsin's 12th Infantry Regiment at Vicksburg, Mississippi, until they moved to Clifton, Tennessee, from May 5 to May 14, 1864. Then as part of the northern Army of the Tennessee, led by General William Tecumseh Sherman, Private Hiram Ames, marched from May 14th to June 8th to Ackworth, Georgia, via Huntsville and Decatur, Alabama, and Rome, Georgia. After participating in several battles in northern Georgia, Private Ames, participated in the Battle of Atlanta, before heading to northwest Georgia and Northeast Alabama to stop elements of the southern Army of the Tennessee, led by General John Bell Hood, from harassing Union supply and communications lines.
government records claim Private Ames
died of infection of the Bowls either October 17th or 18th, 1864. An
account filed on February 28, 1867, by Lieutenant Frederick J. Bartels,
also of Company F, 12th Wisconsin Infantry, said, "Hiram Ames died near
Snake Gap, Alabama, while on the March between Altoona and Snake Gap,"
and was buried in a field.
By Bob Mandler
29 Oct 2005
John Utter, of Peshtigo, Wis., formerly, a soldier in the civil war, was born Aug 4, 1844 in Canada, and he is the son of John and Eliza Ann (Bowen) Utter. He went from the Dominion to Michigan and enlisted at Elkhart aug. 7, 1862, for three years in Company K, 22nd Michigan Infantry. The regiment was assigned to the Army of the Cumberland and Mr. Utter was in several actions in which his regiment was engaged and in the battle of Chickamauga, sep 20, 1863, he was taken prisoner. It is acknowledged that Chickamauga was the hardest fought and bloodiest battle of the Rebellion, all things considered. He was conveyed without food or comfort of any knd to Virginia and confined consecutively in the Pemberton warehouse in the city of Richmond and went to Danville, to Andersonville, Charleston and Florence.
He endured the indinities, the cruelties, the hunger and all the privations and miseries inflicted by the outlaws of the rebellion on the Union soldiers and, when he had been a prisoner of war 15 months, he was paroled Dec. 13, 1864, and received final discharge from the service June 26, 1865, at Nashville, Tenn. At the time of his capture, he weighed 150 pounds and when he left Florence and reached the Union lines, his weight was 92 pounds; while in prison he suffered from gangrene in the third toe, received treatment from a physician twice and, finally, so save his life, amputated his toe himself with a dull and rusty jackknife.
Mr. Utter married Ada Elmira Phillips, and they resided at Peshtigo at the time of the fire, in which Mrs. Utter and her two children were burned to death. The children were named John and Eliza Ann, the former being a little less than two years old and the latter two months old at the time of their deaths. Mr. Utter married for his second wife Syliva C. Phillips, aunt of his first wife, and she died April 30, 1883, leaving one child named Clifford Stanley. In January, 1887, Mr. Utter was married to Lovinia D. Pettitt. The father of the mother of Mr. Utter was a soldier in the war of 1812; his grandmother, Mrs. Bowen, was the niece of General Andrew Jackson.
Transcribed and contributed by : Linda Phillips Loser
George W. Heath, oldest son of James Heath, was a Sergeant in the First Regiment Heavy Artillery, Company E. His regiment was sent to protect Washington, D.C. and saw the end of the war there. He enlisted August 18, 1864, and mustered out June 26, 1865. At the time he enlisted, he ived in Janesville, Wisconsin. (Roster of Wisconsin Volunteers, War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865). He moved to Oconto County, WI shortly after the War.
While a prisoner in St. Louis, MO , he took an oath of allegiance to the Union and on March 24th, 1863 Frederick joined Company K, 14th Regiment, Illinois Calvery as a saddler and horseman. On the way to Andersonville, Georgia, and under the command of General George Stoneman, the regiment proceded on it's way to set free 30,000 Union prisoners penned up at the camp there. The General and his men were surrounded and captured August 3rd, 1864 at Sunshine Church near Clinton, Georgia, by Confederate Army troops and it is uncertain just how Frederick survived. Out of those who lived, some were taken to Andersonville Prison and others managed to escape. Frederick was discharged from the Illinois Cavalry June 16th, 1865.
He was banished
from joining his family in
Louisianna after the war and settled in Green Bay, Brown County, WI.
then moved to town of How, Oconto County, WI., in 1885. He lived among
and his children and step-children there until the age of 92, passing
November 3, 1931, and is buried in Pleasant View Cemetery.
Great grandson Gene Heezen
He participated in every battle fought with the Army of the Potomac during the first three years, suffered for ten months in Southern prison camps, and when the war closed had raised himself from the position of private soldier to Brevette Major. His first promotion to the office of Lieutenant came as a result of exceptional heroism at the battle of Fredricksburg. Heroism at Fredricksburg The story is told that the confederates placed timed shells before their outworks so as to blow up when the union troops were charging into their earthworks. The order to charge came at daylight.
With a yell the troops under the command of acting lieutenant Scofield dashed toward the enemy in the face of a withering fire. When they arrived near the Confederate earthworks, the timed bombs exploded tearing great gaps in the ranks. But they forged ahead, climbing over the bodies of dead and dying comrades until they were in the midst of the rebels earthworks. The story of this period of the civil war is too well known to require repetition. Desperate and bloody encounters followed fast upon each other. The fortunes of the union armies ebbed.
Gettysburg. Here Lieutenant
Scofield again distinguished himself and in recognition of his service
was made captain. Then followed the desperate fighting of the Battle of
Wilderness which took the lives of two thirds of the members of the
Pennsylvania division in which Captain Scofield served. Here the forces
of the south executed a brilliant military maneuver and captured 2,500
union troops in a mass. Captain Scofield was
among them and begining at that time came the hardest period of the civil war for the youthful officer.
Imprisonment conditions in the southern stockades were intolerable. Once Captain Scofield escaped for a short time, hid in swamps and woods, lived on what negroes were able to smuggle to him. But he was recaptured and thrown into a dungeon as punishment. He was transferred from camp to camp. One period of his imprisionment was served in Andersonville Prison, where the barbarous treatment accorded prisoners cannot be depicted even in the imagination Shortly before the close of the war he was exchanged with many other prisoners. The long period of exposure, hardship, and starvation had left him thin, haggard, weighing only 96 pounds. Be he wished to see the conflict through to the end and enlisted as a substitute for a drafted man.
Before he could again reach the front, however, the war came to a close. He was appointed Brevette major at the time he was mustered out, a title which citizens have respectfully applied to him throughout his life.
Scofield settled in Oconto County
after the war and was elected twice to the position of Governor
in 1896 and again in 1898.
Researched, Written and Contributed by Ron Renquin
On 27 July 1861,
the 4th Regiment is in Baltimore,
MD as part of Maj. Gen. John A. Dix's Army of the Potomac. On 7 August
1861, the 4th Regiment's home base is Fort McHenry, Patrick is
serving at the Relay House, 9 miles from Baltimore at the junction of
B & O Railroad and the Washington branch. It is also
deserted on this date in Baltimore, MD and that on 20 November 1861 he was absent from his post and sent to Fort McHenry under arrest. On 8 November 1861, the 4th Regiment is sent to Worcester Co., MD, adjoin Accomoc, VA. (Accomoc is about 15 miles south of the MD border on the Delmar Peninsula.)
On 23 February
1862, Patrick's Troup is at
Fort Monroe (near Baltimore?); he is assigned to Maj. Gen. Ben F.
U.S. Volunteers and sent south on either living at Ship Island, MS mess
pans, cups, plates, knives & forks and each solider his
blanket, one extra shirt, pair of drawers, pair of shoes, canteen and
his haversack four days cooked rations and 40 rounds of ammo
(Apparently Patrick's record made him a prime candidate to be volunteered.) On 21 April 1862, Patrick is court marshaled on board the steamer Laurel Hill. On 29 April 1862, they are participating in the bombardment and capture of Fort Jackson and Fort Saint Philip at the entrance way to the main channel of the
On 8 May 1862 they land in New Orleans and by 9 June 1862 are near Baton Rouge where they fight the 5 - 9 August 1862 engagement.
On 7 September 1862 they are at the Saint Charles Court House and Camp Carrelleton where Patrick is reported in trouble and confined again. The Co. A 4the Reg't WI Inf. company muster rolls show Patrick absent without leave Sept & Oct 1862. The rolls for Nov 1862 through April 1863 shows Patrick confined at Carrallton, LA under the Sentence of General Court Martial. The roll for May & June 1863 shows "Sentenced to two years imprisonment in Fort Jackson by G.C.M.
Nov. 27/63". An undated roll shows Patrick deserted May 25, 1863 at Morganza, La. The last roll for Patrick, Sept & Oct 1863 says "absent in arrest under sentence of G.C.M. Nov 27/62.
General Order No.
25: The following (4th
Wisconsin Cavalry) regiments and batteries participated in these
5 August 1862, Baton Rouge; 27 October 1862, Georgia Landing; 14
1863, Colton; 12 April 1863, Bisland; 14 April 1863, Irish
21 May 1`863, Plains Store; 3 June 1863, Clinton; 21 June
On 24 May 1863 Port Hudson is invested, assaulted on 27 May and 14 June, and surrendered on 7 July 1863.
On 13 July 1863 they are at Cox's Plantation.
The 4th Wisconsin
Calvary spent the rest of
1863 in this area and by the first half of 1864 moved into Morganza and
participated in the expedition to Clinton, Greensburgh, Osyka and Camp
Moore in October 1864. In 1865 they went into Blakely, AL the
West Point MS, Columbus, MS and Vicksburg, MS in June.
Submitted by Robert F Pigeon
Robert Spice was 17 years old when he left for the Civil War on June 19, 1861. He served with Company H, 4th Wisconsin Infantry, known as the Oconto County River Drivers. He enlisted for 3 years, being mustered into the service at Racine. He went to the front lines where he participated in the battles of Fort Jackson, New Orleans, Baton Rouge and the Red River campaign. The regiment was reconstructed into a calvary unit.
In 1864 he
re-enlisted and participated in
skirmishes at Clinton, Baton Rouge, Alabama, Mississippi and Vicksburg.
They expected to be discharged at Vicksburg, but were sent to San
Texas on an expedition against the Indians. While in Olive Branch,
Robert Spice suffered from a severe fall, when his horse fell and the
of mounted men tumbled on top of him. He received a severe back injury
that he continued to suffer from. Robert Spice wore the uniform of his
adopted country for five years. He was honorably discharged at
Texas in June, 1866, returning home with a military record he could be
Submitted by Holly Sprise Kobza
Although he saw action for three years of the war, the Battle of Shiloh at Pittsburg Landing stood out as the most spectacular in his mind. It was in this battle that he was initiated into the horrors of war. During the conflict between the states, he was a member of the same company as were Peter James and Homer DonLevy, all old residents of this city, who preceded him in death.
At the close of
the war Mr. Knisely remained
in Illinois where he was employed by farmers. In 1872 he came to
Oconto County, WI. Mr. Knisely was the last living Civil War Veteran in
the city of Oconto, at age 92, and the second longest living in the
His wife was Oconto born Ellen M. Davis, daughter of Oconto County
E.L. and Mary Davis originally from Wales, England. Frank Knisely's
parents were John and Sarah L. King of Crawford County, Ohio. His
name was Renious King before his parent's death and his adoption, at
nine, by his great uncle Judge Samuel Knisely, whose surname he also
Knisely is thought to be the original German family name.)
The enemy charge on the Taylor Battery and succeed in capturing one of the guns, Lieut. Hart called on his men to charge for the recapture of the gun, which at large loss, and with fearful hazard, was handsomely done; with a rope fastened to the "tail" of the gun they actually dragged it away from the enemy. His gallantry on this occasion was rewarded by Gen. Sherman prompting him, on the field, to a First Lieutenancy. He commanded his Battery at "Bloody Shilo" where it had the honor of opening the first fire on the enemy, and where it did credible and gallant service throughout the entire engagement. He, with his Battery was engaged in various engagements, skirmishes, marches and counter marches, which finally resulted in th investment, siege and capture, of the stronghold, Vicksburg by Gen. Grant.
At Vicksburg he was detached from Taylor's Battery and put in command of a siege battery, which he commanded until the capitulation, after which he participated in the Battle of Black River, and in the capture of Jackson, Miss. By this time the hurrying and fatiguing duties of campaigning together with sever injury received in battle, so undermined his health, that rest was a necessity and he was furloughed.
Under the influence of a healthful climate and the ministration of kind friends his health soon sufficiently restored to enable him to return to duty, which he did, and was assigned to the command of the "Silverspear Battery", with which he remained until his final Muster out; with it he was at Arkansas Post, and in numerous other engagements of minor importance, and before leaving it he was appointed to a captaincy.
leaving the army Capt. Hart engaged
in several business ventures and eventually came to Oconto, where he
in the manufacture of shingles and the mercantile business. He later
to Chicago, Il.
John reported to active duty for the Civil War on 1/6/1864 at Chicago, Ill. He was mustered into the 39 Illinois Militia , First Division, First Brigade, 24th Army Corps at Springfield, Illinois. He was then sent to Camp Distribution near Washington, DC where he spent the winter. In the spring the regiment marched to Richmond, Virginia where they participate in the battle of Hatchez Run. John sent many letters home during the time he was serving. There is a gap in the letters from January to April 20, 1865 during which he was probably actively engaged in the war.
In the final days
of the war John was stationed
at Appormattox Court House, before and during Lee's surrendered to
General Grant. While there he had the opportunity to meet him. John had a great deal of respect for General Grant, and is probably the reason his first son born after he returned was named George Grant.
Appormattox he was stationed
at Norfolk, Virginia where he guarded union deserters. He was
in September of 1865. When a soldier was discharged it was up to him to
get home. John reached home on 12/19/1865 his daughter Mary Ann's
birthday. Family stories say as he approached the house the family dog
started barking and Mathilda went out to see a thin, limping man with a
cane approaching the house and did not recognize him. John had a limp
rest of his life. His granddaughter , Helen Jelinski, states he was
during the war and received a $5.00 a month pension for the rest of his
Submitted by Gloria A Olson
mustered into the Wisconsin 4th
Regiment Company K on 13 March 1863. Later he was transferred
Company F of the 4th Regiment of the Wisconsin Cavalry.
service he became friends with Charles McKenzie and Joseph Helmke who
later help him start his
own business. At the expiration of his term of service, John was discharged at Brownsville, Texas on 18 March 1866.
John returned home
to Wisconsin and about a
year later married a woman named Emilie(Amelia) Hoep(or Huess) on 19
1867. Influenced by his stepfather William during his teenage
and through his experience in the Wisconsin Cavalry as a young man,
started his trade as
a blacksmith. Submitted by Jim Klemp
For two years he
worked on the farm of Andrew
Rutherford. After that time he went to the home of Andrew Murry and
living there he was able to attend school a few months during the
He remained at the Murry home until the outbreak of the Civil war, when
he ran away and enlisted, being not quite 18 years of age. He had to be
sworn in by officers, but after three weeks of daily appearance at
he was finally accepted as a private in Company 1, 92nd division, N.Y.
infantry on December 3, 1861.
Alexander McGlachlin, 92, one of Oconto's 12 remaining Civil War veterans, died at his home at 214 Gale Street Sunday.
Thomas L. Pillsbury, a Civil War Veteran, Abrams, died Saturday.
John S. Gifford, a pioneer settler of the town of Chase and a veteran of the civil war, died of pneumonia
A wedded life of
63 years duration was broken
only a week when death took George Benninghaus, 92, on March 27 and the
widow Sophie, on April 2nd.
contributor: Richard LaBrosse
John Degeneffe, and old resident of the town of Oconto and veteran of the civil war, passed away at his late home Monday afternoon, after having been a sufferer with heart trouble for a number of years.
February 17, 1883
GEN. JOHN A. KELLOGG, originally of Wausau, who at the close of the civil war, commanded the famous Iron Brigade, died last week in Oconto after a short illness. His genial ways and kindly countenance will be missed.
June 19, 1969
contributed by Dave Cisler
Civil War veterans
of Oconto got together for a reunion picture in the lawn of Colonel
(note: no names, further information or date of photo was provided in the newspaper issue)
The man for whom
Degantown, Oconto County,
was named, Patrick Degan was a Civil War veteran who was the
to move his family, after tha war ended, to a homestead claim
The letters, though they carried little of the terrible conflict in which her husband was engaged, were deeply solicitous about the welfare of his wife and children. One etter dated March 12, 1866, told of the disaster that had befallen the 3rd Wisconsin cavalry, when they were surprised by the, Bushwackers, many being cut down, including a captain and a number of men. He also wrote of the trials of army life, of the very infrequent visits of the paymaster, who didn't come around more than once every six months.
A second letter,
written April 17, 1865, began
with the happy news that the war would soon be over and that he would
see his dear wife and children, one of whom was just learning to talk,
and from whom he had been separated almost a year. Richmond had been
and General Lee had surrendered and everywhere the Union forces were
forward at a mad pace from one triumph to another. Following the
of General Lee, Grunert wrote; that the celebrating was noisier than
actual battles in some cases there being a continuous thunder of
cannon, while riotous celebrators took possession of towns and villages.
And then he told of the news of Abraham Lincoln's assassination, when entire encampments ,went into mourning for thirty days and soldiers and officers alike were very despondent over the loss of their beloved president. But his death put the entire union army into a fever heat of battle lust to avenge his death, which they attributed to Southern intrigue. All of the letters were highly romantic, telling of his courtship, of the high esteem in which he held his wife and of his anxiety for her welfare.
When he returned
from the service they made
their home on School street in city of Oconto.
contributor: Dorothy Hagemann
In 1864, when he
saw that his country needed
his services to assist in preserving the Union, he enlisted in the army
and served throughout the civil war, earning a promotion to the office
of sergeant. He once told one of his comrades, after a hard fought
that he had just received a letter from his wife, whom he had left on
the homestead to guard and care for his small children, in which she stated that she wished she could have a cow, as the milk would be such an aid to the family.
The first money he received for his services as a soldier he sent home and he later received another letter from Mrs. John advising him that she had purchased a cow, and some of the neighbors had come and erected a warm, comfortable stable for the animal.
At his funeral, in
1910, a special train was
run from this city to Gillett to accommodate about 100 members of the
of which he was a devoted member a number of his G.A.R. comrades, a
squad from Company M
and other friends who desired to attend.
contributor: Jennifer (John) Bumann