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Ozaukee County,

Ozaukee County Schedules

Some special schedules were created with the federal population schedules. These recorded information about farms, persons who had died, veterans, slaves, businesses, and social institutions. These documents can help you find information that may not be found elsewhere.

Mortality schedules (1850-1880) recorded names and information about persons who had died during the 12 month period before the date the census was taken. In other words, persons who died June 1, 1849 through May 31, 1850 are listed in the 1850 mortality schedules. Deaths that occurred after the census date weren't supposed to be reported, although enumerators sometimes made such errors, which benefit genealogists. This resource provided information before most states had civil recordings of vital statistics. The mortality schedules, because of the built-in inefficiencies in collecting the data, never include more than a fraction of the deaths occurring in a particular district even within that limited time span, but the reports do provide useful information on diseases that were prevalent in a particular area (the incidence of consumption, i.e. tuberculosis, in the early records is noteworthy) or at least those that were recognized at the time.

Agricultural schedules (1850-1880) recorded persons owning land. The 1900 agricultural schedules were destroyed. No agricultural information was collected after 1900. The enumerators were supposed to identify each individual farm, its acreage both improved (i.e. under cultivation) and unimproved, the cash value of the farm, the value of farming implements or machinery (often under $100), the number of livestock of various types, and the production of the farm crops during the previous year. These detailed reports, recorded in long horizontal columns over two pages, provide a wealth of detailed information for analysis.

Comparisons can also be made from census to census on the intensity of farming, popular crops, horses vs. oxen and many other factors. When used in conjunction with the population schedules they can give a good picture of how a particular household was faring in comparison to its neighbors and again from one census to the next census ten years later.

Veterans schedules (1890) recorded military service. Information about military service was also recorded in columns of the population schedules for 1840 & 1910.

Slave schedules (1850-1860) recorded the name of the slave owner and sex and age of each slave. Unfortunately, these did not record the names of slaves. Information about slaves was also recorded in columns of the population schedules, 1790-1840.

Manufacturers/Industrial schedules (1850-1880) recorded businesses owners. They list the name of the corporation, name of the business, capital invested, kind, quantity and value of the raw materials, kind of motive power ("foot" was popular), the number of employees and wages paid, and the kind, quantity and value of goods produced. Urban areas may list many industries while a rural area might have only a single mill. The enumerators were supposed to include any manufacturing industry that produced more than $500 of goods per year, but interpretation varied. Some enumerators listed only substantial factories, others more usefully listed every blacksmith and shoemaker.

Social schedules (1850-1880) recorded existing social organizations like churches, schools, etc. The schedules requested information on the valuation of real estate and personal estate; the annual taxes; details on colleges, academies and schools (kind and number of teachers and pupils, and funding sources and amounts); libraries (kind and number of volumes); newspapers and periodicals (name, political affiliation, frequency and circulation); religious establishments (number of denominations, individual churches, parishioners and the value of church property); the number of paupers and criminals; and the average wages of the district. Much of the detail asked for in the social schedules was not gathered in any other form in the nineteenth century, making these details from the county or even township level quite valuable resources. They have proven helpful for research ranging from newspaper history and bibliography to tracing the history of religion in several counties. The social schedules for the 1850 and 1860 censuses were sometimes gathered for specific townships or assembly districts, sometimes for an entire county. For 1870 only county-wide social statistics were reported.

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