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Biographical Sketches

J H Beers 1895

Benjamin Cady

This well known and popular Lawyer of Birnamwood and county attorney of Shawano county, who also has a warm place in every loyal heart as a veteran of the Civil War, is a native of Vermont, having been born in the town of Granville, Addison County, February 11, 1840.
Jacob and Betsy (Coolidge) Cady, parents of our subject, were also natives of the Green Mountain State, the father born about 1807, a son of Isaac Cady, a soldier who served under Gen. Stark at the battle of Bennington. The mother's parents were natives of Vermont and New York, respectively.   The Cady family is of Scotch and English descent, and the grandfathers on both sides were early settlers in America, most of their descendants being farmers. Jacob Cady came to Wisconsin from Lowell, Mass., making the trip from Buffalo to Milwaukee in a sailing vessel and settling near the latter city April 6  1850. His eldest son, Philander, walked all the way from Buffalo to Milwaukee with his brother-in-law J. J. Richardson.  At the home of this relative, near Milwaukee, Jacob Cady and his family visited for a while, then fitted out an ox-team and went to the Indian lands near the city of Berlin.  Here Mr. Cady located near a stream now known as Cady's Creek, and proceeded to clear the land and make a comfortable home. He spent the remainder of his life on this place, and there passed away in 1885,  the mother still resides on the old homestead with her grandchild.  Jacob Cady, although he had only a common-school education, was a man of unusual ability, and a leader among men. He was possessed of strong will power, was generous to the poor, liberal to the cause of religion and of unbounded hospitality in the expressive parlance of those early days, it was said that "his latch-string was always out." He was no politician, but was made chairman of the town board, and held other minor offices. The children of this worthy pioneer were five in number: Lucinda L.  Philander H. Mary A.  Artemus W. and Benjamin A.
The subject proper of this sketch, whose name appears at the opening, was but ten years old when his father settled in the wilds of Wisconsin, and his early days will never be forgotten. Wolves and deer were to be seen in the forests, snakes crossed the path through the underbrush, and the nearest neighbor was an Indian whose wigwam was a mile away.  There were no schools for five years after their arrival in the county, but fortunately the boy had been in school in Lowell before he left the East, and under the instruction of his parents pursued his studies at home until he was eighteen years of age, when he entered the high school at Berlin, later going to Milton College. On November 24, 1863, he enlisted in Company I Thirty-seventh Wis. Inf. of which company he was made clerk in the spring of 1864 the regiment joined the Ninth Army Corps, at Cold Harbor.  Mr. Cady was in several engagements in front of Petersburg, in one of which, June 19  1864, he was wounded in the right hand, in consequence of which he was sent to Lincoln Hospital at Washington thence transferred to Madison, Wis. where he received his discharge, April 20, 1865. He then returned to the farm, took up the study of law, and in March 1867 was admitted to the bar of Waushara County, Wis. Opening up an office in his own house he commenced practicing, at the same time carrying on his farm and raising stock. He continued this busy life until l881, when he sold out his interests there and removed to Wood county, engaging in lumbering at Milladore where he remained two years. In the fall of 1883 he closed out that business and came to Birnamwood, where he had made some investments, and entered into the mercantile business which he carried on (at the same time continuing his law practice) until 1892, since which time he has devoted himself entirely to his profession, in which he has been remarkably successful.


Mr. Cady is a Republican in his political views, but has always been too busy to become an office-seeker, his fellow-citizens, however, have honored him by placing him in various public positions. He is now district attorney of Shawano county, having been elected in the fall of 1894. He had previously held the same office in Waushara county, two terms, and for eighteen years was chairman of the town board, during two years of which time he was chairman of the county board; he has been a member of the county board in his county, and is now chairman of the Senatorial committee of this Senatorial District. Socially he is a Royal Arch Mason, being a member of Berlin Chapter and of Pine River Lodge No 207. 


On May 3, 1864, Mr. Cady was married to Julia A. Shepherd, daughter of Orson A. and Mary (Buck) Shepherd, natives of New York, whence they came to Wisconsin in an early day, first locating in Walworth county, later removing to Waushara county; both are now deceased.  By this marriage Mr. Cady became the father of five children, as follows: Julia E, who married George Smith, and resides near her father; Artemus A. married and residing at Birnamwood; Frank P, a carpenter in Waushara county, Maggie M., residing at home; Myrtle R.  who married George Cottrill and lives in Waushara county. Mr. Cady's second marriage took place October 16 1881, the bride being Miss Ada L Empie who was born in the town of Lake Mills, Jefferson Co., Wis.  two children have been born to this marriage:  Blanche A. and Arthur L.   Mrs. Cady's parents, John H. and Mary (Montgomery) Empie  were natives of New York, coming to Wisconsin at an early day they are still living in Shawano county. They had three children,  Lawrence H. Ada L  and Alice F. Cady is a self-made man with a strong will and great energy, up to forty years of age was a tireless worker in the various pursuits which he engaged, and still continues to labor zealously in his chosen profession.

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Henry Bauerfeind

Henry Bauerfeind, Shawano, Wis., Commander of the G.A.R. Post no. 81, in 1888, was born March 9, 1849, at Bergen's Point, Hudson County, New Jersey, and is the son of Ernest and Amelia (Bachmann) Bauerfeind. His father was a native of Bavaria and his mother was born in Lancaster, Pa., the daughter of Prussian parents. Her father was an organ builder and a man of experienced skill. The family removed the the city of New York when the son was in early childhood, and they went thence to Melrose, and from there successfully to Harpers and Bellevue, Pa., and to Buffalo, New York. Mr. Bauerfeind was educated in the common schools, and was 16 years old when the war came on. He made a determination to enlist as soon as possible and with a friend named Theodore Balew, two months younger than himself, he presented himself at a recruiting office in Buffalo, to be rejected on account of his youth and size, as he weighed only 115 pounds.

They went to Rochester and endeavored to enlist, but encountered like results. They then went to Utica, where their experience was repeated , and they proceeded thence to Norwich, where they were passed and enrolled. Mr. Bauerfeind enlisted March 25, 1865, in Company G 193 New York Infantry, for three years. The regiment wet into rendezvous at Auburn, New York, and then the complement was filled, moved under orders to Summit Point, in the Shenandoah Valley, where they remained two months for military drill, and there received equipments. They went thence to Winchester and Mr. Bauerfeind was attached to the personal staff on the commanding officer, General Romeyn B Ayres, in capacity of Telegraph Orderly and also officiated as his private Orderly. After a stay of four months at Winchester, the regiment went to Harper's Ferry, where they were on duty until mustered out. Mr. Bauerfeind received honorable discharge Jan. 18, 1866. The regiment performed guard duty during the period of re-construction, and were engaged in forwarding captured supplies to Washington.

Mr, Bauerfeind returned to Buffalo after his discharge for four years as a wood worker. He had been employed in a shop previous to his enlistment, and afterwards had become a skilled pattern maker. When he was 21 he entered the employ of the Eagle Foundry company at Buffalo, with whom he operated as a pattern maker until 1872, when he came to Green Bay, Wis., and obtained a situation as foreman in a planning mill, where he operated five years. The then engaged as a contractor and builder on his own account, operating at Green Bay four years, when he located at Shawano and engaged in the manufacture of sash, doors and blinds. His business has increased until it was assumed extensive proportions, and his employs, steam power in his manufactures, which include furniture and undertaking. Mr. Bauerfeind is a substantial and respected citizen of Shawano.


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John H Bierbaum

Rev. J. H. H. Bierbaum, a clergyman of Cecil, Wis., and a former soldier of the Civil War, was born Oct 7, 1841, in Femme Osage, St. Charles Co., Missouri, and is the son of Adolph and Mary *(Folderhase) Bierbaum. His father was a native of Germany, where he was bred in the manner in which every male child is reared under the laws of " Der Faderlad." He was a tailor by calling and after coming to Missouri he became a farmer, in which vocation he passed his life after coming to America. He was a man of cultivation and gave his children good educations. Mr. Bierbaum attended the Missouri College until the war, and was only 19 years old when the troubles in his native State began. Two alternatives lay before him - fight for or against the confederacy and he chose the latter without considering the former. In the statistical history connected with this work, the service performed in Missouri by the various regiments raised within her boarders for the Union service is, of necessity, faintly outlined. But only those who served or suffered for the principles' sake knew what it was to be a Union man in a state which had been the stamping ground of succession for years. The history of that element in Missouri during the discussions in Congress, the Kansas difficulties and the enactment of laws touching the vexed question of slavery in the territories is one that will engage the attention of statesmen and students of history through many decades of the future; and the quality of the patriotism which sustained a Union man who took up arms at the very outset of the internecine difficulties in behalf of liberty will be fully appreciated.

Mr. Bierbaum enlisted Sept. 20, 1860, in Company E, Missouri Infantry in the regiment of Colonel Arnold Krekel at  St. Charles, Mo., and was discharged in February, 1861, in accordance with an order from the Department abolishing the command. In August, 1862, Mr. Bierbaum re-enlisted in the State Militia at Marthasville, MO. He had been, meanwhile, in the midst of the activities consequent on the struggle of Governor Jackson to compel Missouri to follow other slave States into secession, and had been a witness of much that had transpired in his native county. After he enlisted regularly in the Missouri Volunteers and Militia he was in constant action. On the organization of his company he was made Corporal and afterwards was promoted to sergeant, passing the grades of promotion until he became 1st Lieutenant and in 1863 was made Captain of his Company. He was in the sharp actions at Mexico, Wright City and Fulton and in numerous skirmished between the local guerrillas and the Union enrolled troops of the Missouri. His brother Frank enlisted at the same time with himself, was hurt in action at Wright City, and died afterwards. The service differed in some respects from that in the regiments of the general Government and included bowie knife practice as well as shot gun activities and required men who understood tactics not laid down in Hardee and other works on military instruction. But Mr. Bierbaum lived to see his native State free from the element of bushwhackers and guerrillas, and had the satisfaction of knowing that he did his share to establish law and order in the very heart of discord and dis-rule. During the war he was twice slightly wounded and contracted measles and rheumatism from the effects of which diseases he has continued to suffer since. After partial recovery in 1864 and 1865 he weighed 94 pounds, his present weight is 208 pounds. (1888)

After the war was over he resumed his studies for the ministry of the gospel at the Missouri Seminary and was a student there until May, 1868, when he was ordained by the Evangelical Synod of North America and settled in Sheboygan, Wisconsin. In 1873 he changed his field of labor to New Holstein where he preached four years. In 1877 he removed to Cecil where he has since officiated. The field of his operations includes a radius of about 20 miles and his influence is of far greater extent, as he possesses the character in his good work which he displayed in his contest with rebellion. he is a man of excellent business capacity and combines executive ability of a high order with is versatile qualifications.

He was married Sept. 20, 1870 to Pauline Fiebig, and they had 12 children, eight of whom have passed to the land of the Hereafter. The oldest son, Arminius, born July 5, 1871, died Aug. 28, 1887, of heart disease at the age of 16 years. He was a boy of great promise and the pride of his parents.

* Her maiden name was Maria Elizabeth Vorderhase.


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Theodore Dodge

Theodore H Dodge, a citizen of Shawano, Wis. and a former soldier for the Union in the Civil War was born Oct 8, 1834, in Seneca falls, New York. His parents, Lyman and Emily 9Howe) dodge, are deceased, the former dying in 1882 at the age of 84 years. The latter died in 1857. The father was a drafted man in the second war with Great Britain and arrived at Plattsburg the day following the battle. The son grew up in his native place and came to Wisconsin in the "50's", located in the Northeastern part of the state and has been a factor in its development.

October 4, 1861, he enlisted in Company E, 1st Wisconsin cavalry at Ripon for three years, and was made Corporal on the formation of the company. He received honorable discharge Oct. 16, 1862 at Cape Gardeau, Mo. on account of general disability from chronic bowel disease and fever. After leaving the state, Mr. Dodge went with his regiment to St. Louis, Bloomfield and Calk Bluffs and until he was seized with illness, he performed his duty as a soldier in all varied work which the 1st Wisconsin passed through and which has never received due commemoration from obvious causes, as is always the case with cavalry and other branches of the service.

On returning to Wisconsin after receiving  his discharge, he gave his first attention to recruiting his health and afterwards engaged in business as a lumberman in which he has been foremost and prominent on the Wolf River, his business associates being Christopher Hill and Henry Sheriff of Neenah. He was one of the first connected with the opening of the lumbering interests on the Wolf.

Mr. Dodge is a typical Western man. He is affable, genial, noted for his good comradeship with all, and his sturdy good sense and reliant nature which make him popular with all classes. He has served in positions of responsibility in local government and belongs to the G.A.R. Post No. 81. He was a war Democrat and is a man of conservative ideas, modest, unassuming and averse to notoriety of any description. But many friends of Theodore Dodge will s=welcome the most meager account of his busy, well-regulated life in this work.

He has three brothers. Frank dodge was a soldier in the 10th Wisconsin and is a resident of Shawano. Frederick A is a farmer in Belle Plaine. John D is a lumberman at Chippewa Falls.



Biographical Sketches

J H Beers 1895

GEORGE H. FRAZER, a leading citizen of Lessor township, Shawano county, was born in New York City May 30, 1844, a son of Henry P. and Jane (Moyston) Frazer, who were both born in Ireland, in the year 1805.

Henry P. Frazer was a civil engineer in Ireland, and engaged in mercantile pursuits in New York until 1846, when he abandoned that and took up farming, which he ever afterward followed.  There were  the  following children in the family: James, now in Brooklyn, N. Y., where he is a contractor, has a wife and large family, and is a very successful man; Isabella, married to Andrew H. Frazer, a distant relative, who was killed by a boiler explosion on the  Saginaw river in 1861 (she now lives with her brother George H.); William S., who is living in Vinland, Winnebago Co., Wis., engaged  in farming, which he has always followed with gratifying success, married and had one daughter, Carrie, who died at the age of fifteen years, his wife died in January, 1895; Margaret S., widow of Orin Pebbles, of Stephensville, Outagamie Co., Wis., who was an early settler of that place, following farming there until he enlisted in the Civil war, and dying in 1889 from disabilities originating while he was in the service, he left a wife and five children, Charles, Jennie, Lottie, George and Nellie;  Mrs. Pebbles is still living on the homestead in Stephensville; Annie J., wife of Henry P. Walrath, they have three children, Minnie, Mrs. Harry Ditzel, of Bay City, Mich., Harry P. and  Edith; Mr. Walrath is a merchant in Seymour, Outagamie Co., Wis., and was by occupation a saw filer in sawmills;  Mary G., first married to John Murshgraves, who was killed in the war of the Rebellion, leaving one daughter, Jennie, Mrs. John F. Johnson, of Angelica township, Shawano county, who has one son, Harris J., and for her second husband married J. Gardiner, of Angelica township; and George H., the subject proper of these lines. 
Henry P. Frazer and his wife left New York City in 1846, and went with their family upon a farm in Lewis county, New York where he bought some hundred acres of land, mostly in a primitive condition, on which stood a log house about 18 x 20 feet, in which they made their beginning. There were some four acres cleared, and this work was continued at the expense, to some extent, of the education of the younger children. By the help of his boys Mr. Frazer made a home, and they lived there until about 1855, when, having sold the farm, they moved to Saginaw, Mich., and remained there some time. Mr. Frazer, being crippled, did nothing; his eldest son was in Brooklyn, N. Y., and George H. Frazer worked in the machine shop in Saginaw, Mich., when, in 1861, the parents left that place and removed to Stephensville, Outagamie. Co., Wis. At that time Appleton was the terminus of the Chicago & North Western railway. Buying twenty-five acres of land, they lived there four years, when Mr. Frazer sold out and returned to Saginaw, Mich., and there he and his wife spent the remainder of their lives, he dying in 1872; she in 1893, at the advanced age of ninety-five years.
When George H. Frazer was two years old his parents removed to the farm in Lewis county, N. Y., and he was early accustomed to hard labor. He left home in Stephensville in 1864, and enlisted in Company A, First Wis. V. C., was mustered into service in Green Bay, Wis., and was sent with his command to Nashville, Tenn., then farther south, participating in active service from that time. This regiment and the Fourth Michigan had the honor of capturing Jefferson Davis. The First Wis. V. C. were engaged in several regular battles, and had numerous skirmishes. Mr. Frazer was wounded at Hopkinsville, Ky., and was laid up in hospital. They were discharged at Nashville; Tenn., in June, 1865, at the close of the war, and Mr. Frazer came back to Oshkosh, and was in the employ of farmers until the time of his marriage.
On April 6, 1869, George H. Frazer married Lomanda C. Clark, who was born in Vinland, Winnebago Co., Wis., February 11, 1850, and they have reared a family of nine  children, as  follows: George C., at home; Darwin A., farmer of Vinland, Wis.; Anna J., who is engaged in Church work in the Deaconess Home in Milwaukee; James W., a  carpenter, at  home; Bessie  May, Daisy Belle, and Verna Vane, all at home; a daughter that died in infancy, Kittie V. W. who died at the age of five years. The parents of Mrs. George  H. Frazer, George and Catherine (Baird) Clark, were from Lincolnshire, England, and Ireland, respectively. Mr. Clark, who was a farmer, came about the year 1846 to Wisconsin, bought a tract of land, opened it up and cleared a home. They had five daughters, namely: Elizabeth, wife of Robert Small, a farmer of Oshkosh township, Winnebago county, who was a soldier in the war of the Rebellion; Mary, wife of William Crowfoot, a farmer of Maple Grove township, Shawano county, who was also a soldier in the Civil war; Lomanda C., Mrs. Frazer;  Rebecca  A., wife of Loran Pennock, of Scottsville, Ky,  owner of a spoke factory; and Ellen, Mrs. Andrew Anderson, of Vinland, Wis., who is living on the homestead, her mother living with them at the age of eighty years. The father died April 5, 1872, aged sixty-two years; he was a large man, weighing 280 pounds.
Mr. Frazer came with a team and wagon from Vinland to Shawano county, locating here in what is now Lessor township, and took up 160 acres of land, a part of which he still owns. The journey took five days. There were no roads when he came, and he cut his own road to the farm, and afterward helped to cut many of the other roads here. He built a frame house, 18x24 feet, in which they started their new life, and commenced to clear a home for himself, working the first year with only an axe and a grub-hoe, for he had no team. This went on, and he soon had crops, so that the land became of some assistance as a means of support. He paid twenty-two cents a pound for salt pork, and nine dollars a barrel for flour. Mr. Frazer did his first threshing with a flail, and eight cents a bushel was the charge made for threshing oats by the first machine, and ten cents for wheat. When he came here there were only four settlers in the township, which was then a part of Waukechon, and at the first vote in the township there were only seventeen voters. Mr. Frazer's eldest daughter, Anna, was the first white child born in the township. The little hamlet of Frazer, as well as the post office of that name, were named in honor of Mr. Frazer, he being the first settler in that place. Through the united efforts of himself and his noble wife, Mr. Frazer has made a fine home out of the wilderness, and has not only seen the many improvements made in the vicinity, but has also been instrumental in securing them. Today he has 120 acres of land, of which some seventy are cleared, and he has carried on general agriculture, for seventeen years also operating a threshing machine. In 1876 he was burned out, with a loss of some five hundred dollars. Mr. Frazer is a member of Seymour Lodge, I. O. O. F. Politically he is a Republican, and has always supported that party. In 1892 he was chosen, at Milwaukee, as one of the delegates to attend the National convention held at Omaha, Neb. He was the first Chairman of Lessor township, holding the office four years, has been town clerk, town treasurer three years, assessor one year, and justice of the peace continuously since the town, was organized, holding that office at the present time. At present he is erecting one of the most sightly and commodious farm houses in the county. 





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Joseph G Gauthier

Joseph Gauthier, of Keshena, Shawano county, was born August 18, 1818, at Rock Island, Ill., and is nearly a full-blooded Menominee Indian. his father's name was Shaw-nah-wah-quah-hah and his mother's name was Sho-sha-quaer, daughter of Kanote, who was a sub-chief and a brother of Tomah, the head chief of the tribe, and a noted Indian of his time. Both Kanote and Tomah had some white blood in their veins from a distant ancestor.

Mr. Gauthier's Indian name was Mah-chick-eny, and was an only son. His father died when he was eight years old, and his mother afterward married Antoine Gauthier, an employee of the American Fur Company, who were extensive traders with the Indians all over the Northwest. Antoine Gauthier remained with this company for about thirty-five years. He went to farming in Henry county, Ill., where he remained until his family grew up and were scattered, when he went to Kansas and died in Kansas City, Mo., in September, 1856. After his mother's second marriage of Mr. Gauthier's mother, children were born as follows; Antoine, who for many years was interpreter for the Sacs and Fox Indians, but afterward married a daughter of Muck-Kunth, the chief of the Chippewa and Munsee tribe; he died in 1892; Frank, who who married into the same tribe, died in 1870; John, who married into the Sacs and Fox tribe, was a farmer near Rock Island, Ill., all his life, and died there in 1845; Susan married a half-breed Menominee, is still living, and since the death of Mr. Gauthier's wife has been his housekeeper; Margaret married a son of Muck-Kunth, the chief of the Chippewa and Munsee Indian's; she died in 1862, and her husband in 1888.

Joseph Gauthier's younger days were spent in the vicinity of Rock Island, Ill., and he received some education by attending the primitive schools of that period and from what the officers of the fort taught him, which he improved as he grew older. In his boyhood days he knew Gen Harney, Gen Scott, Gen Banks and other officers who became noted soldiers later on, and was always a favorite with the officers and soldiers at the fort. Mr. Gauthier was fourteen years old at the time of the Black Hawk war, and has a vivid recollection of the stirring times of that period. He was enrolled with the militia and carried a musket with the balance, but being young was not sent into the field. He was one of the pioneer lumber boys of the State, working for several years on Black River for D. B. Seers & Co., of Moline Ill. In 1850 he rejoined his tribe, who were located at Poygan, Wis., a few miles above Oshkosh. After working on a boat on the Fox river one season he was given a position in the government blacksmith shop conducted for the benefit of the Indians at Winneconne. In 1852 the Menominee's were removed to their present reservation in Shawano county, and Mr. Gauthier came with them and continued to work in the Blacksmith shop. Shortly afterward he was appointed the boss of the shop at $40 a month, which was large wages for those days, and he continued in that position until 1857, when he was appointed the official interpreter for the tribe, which position he held until 1860, when a change of agents took place and for political reasons he was removed. He then engaged in the mercantile business at Keshena under the firm name of Gauthier & Upham, his partner being Charles M. Upham, of Shawano, Wis., who is a brother of the present governor of the State. Mr. Gauthier continued in the mercantile business until 1866, when he was again appointed interpreter, which place he has held ever since, with the exception of about one year and a half.

During the Civil War Mr. Gauthier was an enthusiastic Union man and if he could have arranged his business matters satisfactorily would have been to the front with his musket. As it was he encouraged enlistments among the Indians and was the prime mover in raising Company K, Thirty-seventh, Wis. V I, paying the expenses of transporting the company to Madison and supporting many of the families of the men who enlisted. He accompanied the company to Madison, and was appointed special quartermaster for the services he had rendered. It is well enough to say here that Company K, thirty-seventh Wis V I were all Indians but two. They were mustered into service June 27, 1864. On July 31, 1864, they were in front of Petersburg, and were caught in the explosion of the mine celebrated in the history of the fight, and nineteen of the company were killed and several others wounded.

In 1852 Joseph Gauthier was married to Mary Ann Mo-sha-quah-toe-kiew, whose father died when she was a small child. They had one child, frank, who died in infancy. Mr. and Mrs. Gauthier adopted a small boy and brought him up as their son. His name is Joseph F Gauthier, and he is now a prosperous merchant and lumberman, and resides at Keshena, Wis. Mrs. Gauthier died July 12, 1892 when about sixty-seven years old, loved and respected by all.

Joseph Gauthier is a member of Catholic Church and a regular attendant. Although he is partly blind, he retains all his mental faculties, and is respected and held in high esteem both by the Indian's and whites. The present Chief of the Menominee's is Neopit, a son of the celebrated chief, Oshkosh. Neopit, Chickeney and Nah-tah-wah-pah-my are the present judges of the Indian court, and try all Indian cases arising on the reservation. Mr. Gauthier acts as interpreter for the court. The decisions of this court are so pure and just that many white judges could learn a lesson from them in equity and justice.


Joseph G. Gauthier was a noted recruiter of the Native Americans to join the army during the Civil War. His appointment of Special Quartermaster for his services deserves a noted place among the Civil War remembered.





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David Gorham


David Gorham, Shawano, Wis., a member of the G.A.R. post 81, was born in Mackinaw, Mich., Dec 25, 1815. He is of mixed English and French descent, his father, David B. Gorham, having been born of English parents in New Brunswick, and his mother, Adeline LaPlante before marriage being of French birth. Early in his life he was left at Mackinaw with a sister, in charge of a governess, the business of his father necessitating the removal of the family to Green Bay, Wis. His father was there engaged in the manufacture of the Durham boats, a specie of river craft, whose mode of locomotion was impulsion by poles, the only sort available on the Fox at that time. He was employed by the Government and was accidently shot by a soldier named Hempstead. David and his sister Mary, aged respectively four and six years, were sent for by their mother and at Green Bay he passed his boyhood and attended school at the Episcopal Mission. At 14 he was apprenticed to Charles S Sholes of the Wisconsin Democrat, the second journal established in the State to become a practical printer. He acquired a thorough understanding of the craft in all its details and when the office was removed to Kenosha, he went also, to complete his period of service. He returned to Green Bay where he was associated with Charles D. Robinson in the printing business, a connection which existed eight years. In 1869 he removed to Shawano which has been his place of residence, with the exception of a short abode at Oconto, Wis. During his career as a private citizen he was editor of the Shawano Journal owned by Myron H McCord. He is now in the office of his son, David Gorham, Jr., the publisher of the same paper.


In September, 1861, Mr. Gorham enlisted at Oconto in Company G, 17th Wisconsin Infantry, for three years. On the formation of his company he was made Orderly Sergeant and received honorable discharge in September of the following year for disability  incurred in the war, at Corinth, Miss. The muster of the 17th was completed at the rendezvous at Madison about the middle of March, 1862 and it left the state a week later for St. Louis and in April, the regiment went to Pittsburg Landing. Mr. Gorham was a participant in the various transfers and changes in assignments and was active in the siege of Corinth, where he suffered an injury resulting in a hernia, which necessitated his withdrawal from heavy military duty.  He was in the hospital at Corinth three weeks and was detailed from there to the Government printing office at that place, where he remained two months. Not recovering, he returned to Green Bay and passed several months in an endeavor to recruit his health. In September, 1863, he went to Milwaukee to enlist in the first company of the 35th Wisconsin Infantry, Colonel Orff. The organization was finished in February, 1864 and he was made 5th Sergeant of his company. In the spring, the regiment went to St. Louis and in the last days of April were ordered to proceed to New Orleans, having failed to procure transportation to the original destination up the Red River. At the Crescent City the command received orders to move to Port Hudson. There Mr. Graham contracted a chronic disease of the bowels and two months later, accompanied the command to Morganzia, then up the White River to St. Charles and thence to Duvall's Bluff, reaching there October 18, 1864.

 There he went to the hospital and he was left by the regiment, disabled from his disease before named. He remained there until their return and in February the command moved to take in the later Scenes in that Department. He was instructed to join his regiment at New Orleans but had gone to Mobile and he went into the hospital at New Orleans with the same difficulty as before. He remained there until the close of the war and there received his honorable discharge.

Mr. Gorham was married in 1848 to Emily Benoit, a lady of French parentage born in Canada. Eight of their children are living (1888). Augustus D. is clerk of the Circuit Court of Lincoln County. He married Catherine Bridge and they have a son named Willie. Phoebe married J. M. Robinson and their deceased child was named Alice. Julia married Charles Krueger and they have a child. Christina married Paul Anderson and have four children. Eliza married John Jenney of Merrill and has three children. Matilda married John W. Kline of Merrill and has four children. David married Mary Andrews and they have one child. Joseph is associated with his brother David in the publication of the Journal. Three children are deceased. Gardipie died at Green Bay aged two, Alice died when a little more than two years old at Shawano, where Louie died when nine years of age.


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Backus B Huntington

Backus B Huntington, of Shawano, Wis, a member of the G A R Post No. 81, was born August 6, 1833, in Dresden, Washington Co., New York, and is the son of Erastus and Phoebe (Folsom) Huntington, both of whom are deceased. His paternal grandfather was a soldier in the Revolution and his father fought in 1812; his mother was the sister of Bangaman Folsom, grandfather of Mrs. Cleveland, wife of the president. Three brothers of Mr. Huntington were soldiers in the Civil War and Wesley fell at Gettysburg. His early advantages for school were limited, and he went in boyhood from his parents to Vermont and six years later, to New York State, coming thence to Wisconsin, and he has been a resident of Shawano for 31 years. November 25, 1863 he enlisted at Shawano, in Company G, 32nd Wisconsin Infantry, for three years, or during the was he received honorable discharge, July 12 1865, at Louisville, Ky. June 1865, he was transferred to Company D, 16th Wisconsin Infantry. He joined the 32nd as a recruit at Memphis and in February, 1864 went with the command to Vicksburg, and he was in the Meridian Expedition, in which he performed duty in the destruction or the railroad property and in dispensing the rebels. During a considerable part of the time he was engaged in pursuit of Forest, and he was taken sick at Atlanta and sent to the hospital at Marietta, Ga. He moved with the regiment on the march through that state, was at Beaufort and Pocataligo, and did heavy fighting on the Salkatche River. He was at Bunnaker's bridge on the south Edisto and in the subsequent skirmishing at Fayetteville, and went to Bentonville, Goldsboro and Raleigh and after the surrender of Johnson, marched through Richmond and Virginia to Washington, where he transferred as stated to the 16th Wisconsin Infantry, and returned with that command to Louisville.

He returned from the war to Fond du Lac county and in the spring of 1873 removed to Shawano where he has been since resided. In 1851 he was married to Lydia E Nichols, who was born in the state of New York, and they have six living children. Juliette married Harry A Bedan, of Shawano. George W is also a resident of that place. Chauncey B lives at Marinette; William S., Bertie E and Rosa reside in Shawano. Elmer E died in 1863.



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Nathan Lake

Picture taken August 29, 1865

Nathan H Lake, Belle Plaine, Shawano County, Wisconsin, and a member of the G.A.R. Post No. 81, was born June 30, 1847,  in Gransville, Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, and he was a resident of that town until he became a soldier. He is the son of Jesse and Rebecca (Taylor) Lake, and both his parents are dead. Four of his brothers were in the United State service in the Civil War. Benjamin enlisted in Company C 14th Wisconsin, and after fighting the war, died at St. Louis. Boyd Lake enlisted in Company H, 32nd Wisconsin Infantry, and died after the war in Milwaukee. Marion is a resident of Missouri and John lives in Dakota. They enlisted respectively in Company G, 14th Wisconsin. A sister of Mr. Lake, Eliza, is the widow of George Snyder. Caroline is widow of Nathan Wheeler and lives in Dakota. Laura T. married John Trentlage, of Fond Du Lac County, who is postmaster at Waucousta. Mr. Lake enlisted in February, 1864 at Milwaukee, for 100 days in Company F, 41st Wisconsin Infantry, and was discharged at Milwaukee. He accompanied the command to Memphis and was at that place when Forrest made his midnight raid and performed guard duty in protecting the lives and property of pretended Unionists who possessed the sort of bravery which incited them to shoot men unawares. After his return to Milwaukee, Mr. Lake enlisted in Company A, 51st Wisconsin Infantry for one year or during the war. The companies were forwarded to St. Louis, where they were stationed when the events transpired which closed the war, and Mr. Lake was engaged in guarding the construction forces on the Pacific Railroad until August, when he was mustered out. When he returned to Wisconsin, he came to Milwaukee and thence went to Fond Du Lac which was his home until 1877 when he located on his farm in Shawano County. In 1867 he was married to Ella Hull, of Ashford, Fond Du Lac County and five of their seven children are living. They are named Minnie, Jesse, Clara, Boyd, and Daisy. Those deceased were named Marion and Alice. Mr. Lake is a substantial farmer of Shawano County.


Biographical Sketches

J H Beers 1895

John Klickman

John Klickman, one of the oldest and most highly respected settlers of Belle Plaine township, Shawano County, is Prussian by birth, having been born at Gaegersburg, Neumark, Frankfurt, July 26, 1832, son of William (a day laborer) and Anna S (Draeger) Klickman. They were the parents of five children, only two of whom we have any record of, viz: August, who served in the American Civil War nine months, and died in 1865 in a hospital at Louisville, KY. and John.

Our subject received but a very limited education in the common schools of his native land, and at the age of fourteen commenced learning the trade of a brick layer, which he followed in the Fatherland till 1854, in that year emigrating to the United States, landing at New York in the month of June. From there he came direct to Milwaukee, Wis., thence by wagon to Watertown, Jefferson county, thence to Oak Grove township, Dodge County, where he hired out to a farmer. Here he remained about two years, working as a farm hand, and then rented land, which he cultivated for a season or two. In the meantime, his father having died in Germany, the widowed mother and her son August came to this country and to Wisconsin, and in 1859 they and our subject settled in Belle Plaine township, Shawano county, the journey from Oak Grove, Dodge County, being made with an ox team. Here Mr. Klickman bought from Alexander Bucholz forty acres of wild land in Section 21, on which stood a small log slab-roofed shanty 16 X 20 feet in size, and here the little family set to work in earnest to make a clearing and prepare the soil for crops, their only implements being an axe and grub hoe, their ox-team being not the least important item in their equipment. Day and night they labored assiduously till finally they succeeded in getting enough clearing made to put in a small crop of potatoes, the next thing being wheat, which was harvested with a scythe and threshed with a flail. Here the mother died. December 18, 1886, at the advanced age of ninety years, the brother as above recorded, having passed away, far from home, in 1865. Since his marriage in the letter year, which will be fully mentioned farther on, our subject has from time to time bought more land until he owns over 200 acres, seventy of which are under the plow, equipped with substantial and commodious buildings, all accumulated by hard work, indomitable perseverance and insidious economy.

On November 12, 1865, Mr. Klickman was married to Wilhelmina (Klickman) Klickman, a cousin, also a native of Germany, born in 1834, coming in her girlhood to this county, Wis., her father, who was a day laborer in the Fatherland, died there leaving three children, Ernestine, now Mrs. Fred Eberhardt, of Fond du Lac, Wis., August, a farmer in Eau Claire county,  Wis., and Wilhelmina, Mrs. Klickman. Three children have come to bless the union of our subject and wife; John, born September 18 1866, died November 5 of the same year; Albert born September 25, 1867, was married January 5, 1893 to Anna Schultz, daughter of Robert and Henrietta (Schewe) Schultz, of Liberty, Outagamie county, Wis., and who was born at Maple Creek, that county, June 20, 1871; they live with our subject; Herman, born February 18, 1870, also lives at home, and is a telephone operator, having been in the employ of Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad Company. Mrs. Klickman died September 20, 1862. Her mother died April 23, 1881, aged nearly eighty-six years.

In the fall of 1864 Mr. Klickman enlisted in Company F, Forty-fourth Wis. V. I. was mustered in at Madison, and from there sent to Nashville, Te..., where for a time his regiment did guard duty some six months. From Nashville it proceeded to Paducah, Ky., and here our subject was taken sick and sent to the hospital, remaining there until his discharge in June 1865. Politically he is a Republican, has served as chairman of Belle Plaine township ten years, and also filled the positions of supervisor, assessor and treasurer. In fraternal fellowship he is a member of the F. & A M, and in religious faith he is a Lutheran. He is highly respected in the community, and well merits the esteem in which he is held.


Biographical Sketches

J H Beers 1895

Delos W Krake

DELOS W KRAKE one of the honored pioneers of Shawano County, was born in Montgomery County, N. Y. December 10, 1828, and is a son of Jacob and Eve (Dillenbach) Krake. The family is of Holland extraction, and both parents were natives of New York. The father followed farming as a means of livelihood, and though he never attained wealth he supplied his family with the comforts of life. Mr. and Mrs. Krake were the parents of fourteen children, ten sons and four daughters namely: Josiah, David, Nelson, John, Charles, Walstein, Delos W., Jonas, Ira, William H., Eve A., Sarah, Almira, and one daughter who died in infancy. 
Upon the old home farm our subject spent his early boyhood, and attended the district schools of the neighborhood. Since the age of fifteen he has been dependent upon his own resources, at which time he began to earn his living as a farm hand. When a young man of twenty-three years, he resolved to seek his fortune in the West, hoping that upon its broad fields he might find better opportunities. His first location was in Fond du Lac County, Wis., where he worked in a shingle-mill. On leaving that place he came to Shawano, which at that time contained only a few buildings, and here secured employment in the woods and on the river. Being pleased with his western home, he returned to New York and brought his parents to Wisconsin, the father renting a farm in Fond du Lac County, where he resided until his death, in 1861. During the greater part of the time afterward Mrs. Krake made her home with our subject, and died in Hartland Township, Shawano County, in 1876. 
When his parents arrived in this State, Mr. Krake was employed in the lumber woods along the Wolf River and its tributaries. About 1859, in connection with others, he took up land in Section 16, Hartland Township, and began the improvement of a farm, not a furrow having been turned or an improvement made upon the place. He built a shanty, 8x12 feet, the roof being made of basswood logs hollowed out. He then cleared five acres of the land, and remained in the vicinity of Hartland township until 1861, when he rented a farm near Oshkosh, and immediately began its cultivation; but in October of that year he laid aside all civil pursuits to engage in his country's service, enlisting at Oshkosh as a member of Company A, First Wis. V. I. under Captain Goodrich. The troops were sent to Camp Randall, at Milwaukee, thence to Louisville and West Point, Ky., where they remained until December. At Green River, while en-route for Nashville, they took part in their first skirmish. The following year they participated in the battles of Murfreesboro, Perryville and Chattanooga, and Mr. Krake was then chosen from his company to return home and secure recruits. This work being efficiently done, he joined his Command at Chattanooga, was in the Atlanta campaign, and continued in the engagements until Jonesboro, whence his regiment was sent to Nashville. While there his term of service expired, and he was mustered out at Milwaukee in October, 1864. 
Mr. Krake then returned to his mother's home in Fond du Lac County, and in the spring of 1865 rented a farm in Winnebago County. On October 22, of that year; he married Miss Polly Jane Strate, who was born in Steuben County, N.Y., July 20, 1829, a daughter of L. B. Strate who was born in Troopsburg, New York, in 1813.  With her parents she came to Wisconsin in 1856; the family locating in Oshkosh township Winnebago county. Her brothers and sisters were Levi, a farmer of Snell's Station, Winnebago County; Helen, who became the wife of Hiram James, and died in Port Washington, Wis.; Squire L., who enlisted in the Union army, and was taken sick at Madison, Wis., where he died a few months later, being only seventeen years of age at the time. The father of this family died March 8, 1889, and was buried at Oak Hill Cemetery in Neenah, Wis. His widow is living at Snell Station with her son Levi. In the spring of 1866 Mr. Krake located upon his farm in Section 16, Hartland Township, making the journey from Winnebago County in a sleigh. His home was a building 14 x 22 feet that had served as the first school house of Hartland Township. He has since been engaged in the cultivation of his farm, and now has eighty acres of land, of which fifty acres are under a high state of cultivation, yielding to him a rich return for the care and labor he bestows upon it. Mr. and Mrs. Krake have had five children: Waldo, who died at the age of two years; Ella, wife of William Shier, of Angelica, Wis.; Louis, Effie and Adelaide, at home. The mother is a member of the Methodist Church, and is a most estimable lady. Mr. Krake is a supporter of the Republican Party, and served as postmaster of Bonduel for three years. He was also township treasurer and assessor, was census enumerator in 1890, and has held various school offices, discharging all public duties with promptness and fidelity, and being equally true in all the relations of business and private life.


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Albert K Porter

Albert K. Porter, a resident of Shawano, Wis. and a former soldier in the service of the Union was born in Carbondale, Lausanne Co. Pa., March 18, 1835. He is the son of Samuel S and Parthenia (Shaw) Porter, his father is living at Belle Plaine. His mother died in Pennsylvania. Mr. Porter took the direction of his career into his won hands at the age of 13 years and has carved for himself an honorable name and a useful life. When he was 21, in 1856, he came to Wisconsin and went to work in the river.


Oct. 29, 1861, he enlisted at Ripon in Company E, 1st Wisconsin cavalry, for three years. He served until his period expired and received honorable discharge in November, 1864, at Calhoun, Ga., after three years of almost unremitting active service, having lost but 30 days time. He was made Duty Sergeant and Orderly and during the first year and a half he was occupied in bushwhacking and all which action at Chickamauga and Atlanta. He was with Major Paine when that most gallant and daring officer was killed. He fought six days at Mossy Creek in Tennessee. In the beginning of the Atlanta campaign, Colonel LaGrange was ordered to develop the strength of the rebels and a severe engagement followed. A charge was made on the rear guard of Wheeler in which 52 prisoners were captured, mainly through the instrumentality of Sergeant Porter and Captain Smith but according to the way of things in the army, Colonel LaGrange receiving the credit.


After the war, Mr. Porter went to Shawano, at a time when there were only 75 men in the county. He was the first man who took a big log from Shawano Lake. He has become a substantial citizen and is managing a prosperous business. He is also a farmer. he married Estella Morrison of Oshkosh, and their daughter is the wife of F. J. Martin of Shawano. Mr. Porter has officiated in local offices; he is a man of reliable upright character and possesses a temperament which renders him popular and prominent. He has a nature which reflects its characteristics on his friends and his name is synonym of good fellowship and good feeling among his associates. He is a Democrat in political connection, but not actively interested in politics.


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Albert M Post

Albert M Post, a citizen of Shawano, Wis., and a member of the G. A. R. post No. 81, was born Aug. 27th, 1837, in Camelius, New York and is the son of Elias and Experience (Rice) Post. he parents lived and died in the Empire State, the mother dying when her son was in the first year of his life and the father about 10 years later. The latter was a soldier in 1812. Mr. Post has one brother still surviving and Mrs. Harvey Sackett of Appleton is his sister. Another sister-in-law resides at Milton Junction - Mrs. Dr. G. W. Post. Mr. Post obtained his education at the common school and was early introduced to the necessities of making his own way in the world.  He became acquainted with the hard work through which he understood he was to acquire all the comforts and associations of which he had been deprived by the loss of his parents. He came to Wisconsin in 1859 and was engaged in farming when the war came on and enlisted June 28, 1861, in Company G, 3rd Wisconsin Infantry at Fond du Lac for three years or during the war. He was with the regiment through its service and was promoted to Corporal in 1864, (for getting married, his officers believing him to be a brave man to do such a thing in the midst of army life.) He received honorable discharge Dec. 20, 1863, in order to veteranize, and he re-enlisted at Wartrace, Tenn., about he same date, being the second man to re-enlist in the regiment. The roster of his battles includes Buckston Station and Winchester, (1st battle). He was captured May 25, 1862, in the second battle of Winchester and was conveyed to Lynchburg and afterwards to Belle Isle where he was paroled September 13th following and on reaching Annapolis he rejoined his regiment in December in Maryland, after which he fought at Gettysburg, and was transferred with the command to the Army of the Cumberland and was in the battle of Resaca; he was in the actions which followed in the neighborhood of Marietta and Dallas, was at Pine knob, Kennesaw, Peach Tree Creek, siege of Atlanta, and in all the actions and experiences in the march to Savannah and through the closing operations connected with the surrender of Johnston, afterwards marching to Washington with his regiment, whose story appears on many pages of this work. Mr. Post went with his regiment from Fond du Lac to Maryland and performed provost duty in the vicinity of Harper's Ferry through the winter, and assisted in the capture of the secession legislature at Frederick. After the three days' fight at Gettysburg he assisted in the burial of the dead, which was the hardest experience he endured, notwithstanding the horrors of the Virginia prisons, which still haunt his memory. During the march with Sherman, he was on the tramp night and day, engaged in heavy labor at times and once during three days had only an ear of corn for food, which he stole from a friendly mule. He was finally discharged July 18th, 1865, while home on furlough; his regiment reaching Wisconsin nearly as soon as he. After his return from the war, he resided sometime at Appleton and Neenah and afterwards took a soldier's homestead in Shawano County. In March, 1884, he removed to Shawano. He was married January 9, 1864, while on veteran furlough, to Margaret M. Hartshiem, who was born in Germany. Their four living children are named Elford, Oscar W., Elsie E. and Grace P. Anna S., Arthur M and Everett E are dead. Mr. Post is chaplain of William Hawley Post No. 81, G.A.R., is independent in politics and is a respected and useful citizen.



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William H Porter

William H Porter, a resident of Belle Plaine, Shawano Co., Wis., was born April 20, 1840, in Homerdale, Wayne Co., Pa. He is the son of Samuel and Parthenia (Shaw) Porter and was reared on a farm in Scranton in his native state. He received his early education there and came thence to Wisconsin in 1867, locating at the place where he now resides. His parents were natives of the State of new York. Mr. Porter was at the threshold of manhood when the war came on, and he was interested from the onset in the outcome of the factional struggle as he had been reared to respect the institutions of the country and to know that the responsibility of their preservation rested on him as a citizen of a Republic. He enlisted Aug 22, 1861, at Clark's Green, Luzerne Co., Pa., in company K, 11th Pennsylvania Calvary for three years and received honorable discharge Aug 22, 1864, at Bermuda Hundred, his term of service having expired. He made connection with the regiment in Harrisburg with his company and went thence direct to Washington. They went into camp on 7th street where they were equipped as cavalry, and they received their side arms at Arlington Heights whence they proceeded to Annapolis. Mr. Porter was ill and went to the hospital wile the regiment went on transports to Fortress Monroe. He endeavored to obtain transportation papers and other necessary matters to rejoin in regular order, but was unable and accordingly, took the administration of his affairs into his own hands without the intermediation of red tape, which is short for "run away." He was absent from the command but 10 days. The winter was passed in quarters, and in the spring was in the siege of Yorktown. After the retreat of McClellan from the Peninsula the regiment acted as rear-guard across the Pamunkey river, and Mr. Porter was in the raids on the Weldon road and at White House Landing, where Fitz Hugh Lee was captured. He was in the actions in the swamps of the Chickahominy and in many later, including Antietam, Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. After two and a half years' service he was transferred to Company D, of his regiment and was discharged from that connection under Captain Wood. The latter was a regular officer of the United States Army. He again enlisted in the 76th Pennsylvania Zouaves as a recruit, going as a substitute. He went to Philadelphia and joined his regiment at Wilmington, N.C., whence he went to Raleigh and was present at the surrender of Johnston. At that time he was acting Sergeant of his company. After that event and during the first days of the new condition of things, it became necessary to reconstruct the local courts and Mr. Porter, under lieutenant, was detailed with the proper authority from the military directors of affairs. He was a second time discharged from the military service of the country in August, 1865, after a service of four years in two commands.

Since his residence in Wisconsin he has acted in the official capacity of Constable for several years.

He was married Jan. 27th, 1865, to Betsey L. Howard, and three of their children survive. They are named Samuel O., Jessie W. and Bennie. A daughter, named Nellie May is not living. She died at the age of 18 months. For the past 20 years Mr. Porter has held prominent rank as a farmer in Belle Plaine. he had two brothers who were soldiers in the late war - A.K. and J.A. Porter.




Biographical Sketches

J H Beers 1895

Daniel H Pulcifer

Daniel Haight Pulcifer, than whom there is no one better known throughout the entire State of Wisconsin, in both public and private life, is a man of whom the city and county of Shawano may well feel proud. 

He is a native of Vermont, born at Vergennes, Addison county, November 16, 1834, and comes of a sturdy race, for the most part farmers who live by honest toil in the valleys of the Green Mountains.  His father, John Pulcifer, a ship carpenter by trade, and a native of New York State, married Mary Haight, who was of the same nativity, and they had a family of thirteen children, six of them being sons of whom the following reached maturity: Daniel H., subject of sketch; Edwin D., a wealthy farmer of Plainview, Pierce Co., Neb., where he is prominent in local politics as a stanch Republican; and Jane E., Mrs. Charles Connely, of Syracuse, N. Y.; Mary E., Mrs. Dennis Darling, of near Syracuse, N. Y. Martha E., Mrs. William H. Wright, of Syracuse, N. Y.; Bertha, Mrs. David Jones of Shawano, Wis.; and Dora R., Mrs. Parmalee W. Ackerman, of Shawano, Wisconsin. 

Owing to an unfortunate infirmity, the father of this large family was unable to wholly support them, and as a consequence much fell upon the shoulders of the eldest son, our subject, who for some years was the mainstay of the family, the entire support, in fact; but he was equal to the task, as the spirit of determination and resoluteness, which has so forcibly characterized his entire after life, was a dominant feature in his boyhood years.   Thus it can be readily understood how it was that his education was so limited that at the age of twenty he could read with great difficulty, and write not at all, much of what he did know having been gained by practical experience in a country printing office which he entered as an apprentice at the age of fourteen years, at Whitehall, N. Y., and where he had to do all the chores that usually fall to the lot of a happy printer's “devil.”  In 1855, at the age of twenty-one years, he migrated to Wisconsin, locating at Oasis, Waushara county; but in February, 1865, he removed to Shawano, where his energy, honesty and genial temperament soon made him one of the popular citizens of that new section. In the meantime he had some more newspaper-office experience, where he had little difficulty in appreciating the necessity .of improving what little education he had, and, with all the energy of a strong physical and mental constitution, he proceeded with a fixed determination, not only to learn but, even to excel, if possible. In the spring of 1858 he made a bold dash into the arena of journalism by starting, at Pine River, Wis., the Pine River Argus, which soon afterward was merged into the Waushara County Argus, the plant being removed to Wautoma, where Mr. Pulcifer succeeded, by ingenuity and finessing, in securing the county printing, taking it out of the hands of another office, and this proved a source of considerable profit to him. Later he sold out the Argus, and became editor of the Plover Tidies, at Plover, Portage county; still later he be-came editor and proprietor of the Columbus Republican, at Columbus, Wis., so continuing until in 1863 he became connected with the Commonwealth, at Fond du Lac (daily and weekly), as local editor. Severing his connection with this journal in February, 1865, Mr. Pulcifer came, as already related, to Shawano (his family following him a few days later), to take charge of the Journal, a thriving newspaper of that city, with which he was connected some time. In 1889 he became a member of the present firm of Kuckuck & Pulcifer, general merchants, Shawano.

Our subject filled various offices, among them those of clerk of the court, sheriff and Deputy U. S. marshal, and served three terms as mayor of the city of Shawano. In 1866 he was elected to represent the District of which Shawano county formed a part in the Assembly, and was again chosen in 1878, each time by an unusual majority. He was also sergeant-at-arms of the Assembly in 1880. As a legislator he was practical and influential. His firm convictions, clear perception, and affable, though brusque, manner made him a universal favorite with members of both political parties. He compiled the Blue Book for 1879, and did it as well as it had ever been done before or has been since.  In 1882 he was appointed, by Postmaster general Howe, post office inspector; and he was regarded as one of the shrewdest and most valuable officials in that most difficult branch of the service. Reminiscences of his experience would make an interesting volume, and thousands of post Offices were subject to his examination. Among those agencies of Uncle Sam he was noted for his patient kindness in giving instruction and counsel to the inexperienced, and in meting out justice fearlessly in cases of dishonesty or willful negligence. Patience, shrewdness, industry and cool judgment are requisites of a successful inspector, and few officials possess these qualities in a greater degree than did Mr. Pulcifer. He was continuously retained in his position in spite of political changes, serving as inspector under Postmaster general Howe, Gen. Gresham, Frank Hatton, William F. Vilas, Don E. Dickinson, John Wanamaker and W. S. Bissell, under all of which administrations he was never once censured for failing to do the work assigned to him. His duties in the capacity of post office inspector took him into thirty other States and Territories, and his labors in Arkansas, Missouri, Mississippipi, North Carolina, Virginia and other Southern States gave him a rare opportunity to acquaint himself with the customs and habits of the people of those sections; and his after conversations about them and their ways were regarded by his friends as being "as entertaining as a lecture."  As sheriff he was known for his utter fearlessness in the discharge of his duty. On several occasions he arrested parties who drew revolvers and knives on him, but Sheriff Pulcifer was always quick and strong enough to arrest his man without serious injury, although he was wounded on one occasion, necessitating a painful and dangerous surgical operation. 

On July 6, 1856, Mr. Pulcifer was married at Oasis, Waushara Co., Wis., to Miss Anna E. Wright, a native of New York State, born May 26, 1840, whence when a girl, she accompanied her parents, Orvil and Emily Wright, to Wisconsin, their first new western home being made at Kenosha. Mr. Wright was a well to do farmer, who drove his own team all the way from New York State to Wisconsin.  To Mr. and Mrs. D. H. Pulcifer were born children as follows: Orvil W., who was a farmer in South Dakota dying there at the age of twenty-seven years; John H., a prosperous merchant of Shawano, who married Laura E. McLaughlin, at White Lake, S. D., in 1885; Charles, deceased in infancy, and Mary E., now Mrs. Anton Kuckuck, of Shawano. In his political preferences Mr. Pulcifer has always been a stanch Republican since the organization of that party, and he was the first man, in the Republican State Convention of 1880, to vote for Gen. Grant (as a delegate from the First Senatorial District). During the Harrison Convention of 1892, held at Minneapolis, he was appointed messenger, duties of importance and secrecy connected with the Convention being en-trusted to him.  It is a notable fact that he was never beaten as a candidate for office, and that he always ran largely ahead of his ticket. Few men have done more effective work for their party; but in the performance of official duties he knew no party, no friend, no enemy  he simply did his duty, and always did it well. Socially Mr. Pulcifer is a Freemason, and was instrumental in establishing a Lodge of that Fraternity at Shawano.  He has always been a total abstainer, and has taken a more or less active part in the temperance cause, for several years past having been a prominent member of the Temple of Honor in Wisconsin, in which Order he in 1883-84 was grand chief templar of the State.

Mr. Pulcifer owns one of the finest private collections of minerals, curios, etc., to be found in the State, many of which are of much value; and besides what he has in his own cabinet he has presented many interesting specimens to the Wisconsin State Historical Society and to Lawrence University, Appleton.  His collection is the result of fifteen years research throughout the several States he has visited, and to give an idea as to its value it may be further mentioned that Mr. Pulcifer carries an insurance on it of $500.00. He has amassed considerable property, owns a pleasant home in Shawano, with large, fine, well-kept lawn, shaded with pines and oaks. The village of Pulcifer, in Green Valley township, Shawano county, was named in his honor. Such is a brief sketch of one of Wisconsin's typical self-made men and representative successful business citizens, one possessed of much natural ability, supported by a due al-allowance of courage, acumen and, perhaps best of all, sound judgment in all his acts, and to be relied upon as a friend under all circumstances. 



Biographical Sketches

J H Beers 1895

Abial Richmond

Abial Richmond, who is now living a retired life in Gillett, Oconto County, has been connected with the history of northern Wisconsin since the Territorial days of the state, and has been an important factor in the development and progress of this region, his name being inseparably connected with its history. All enterprises and interests calculated to improve the county or State have received his support, and he justly deserves to be numbered among the valued residents of Oconto County.

Mr. Richmond was born in Lake county, Ohio, in December 1814, and is the son of Thomas and Margaret (Boyce) Richmond, natives of Canada, who in an early day removed to Ohio. The father followed teaching for a time, but devoted his later years to agriculture pursuits, and both he and his wife spent their days in Ohio. They had a family of fourteen children, of whom survive the following; Abial; Mrs. Julia Reed, of Lake county, Ohio; Mrs. Nancy Fosdick, of Shawano, Wis.; Mrs. Lucy Stewart, of Lake county, Ohio; Mrs. Abigail Westcott, who is living in Brazeau, Oconto county; Stephan N, of New York and Danford of Lake county, Ohio. The others have departed this life.

Our subject was reared in the county of his birth, and the public school afforded him his educational privileges. His residence in Wisconsin dates from 1844, when he located in Spring Prairie, Walworth county, and in the midst of the forest began to hew out a farm. After two years he removed to Oshkosh, then a trading post containing two houses. Indians were still numerous in the neighborhood, and the region seemed almost beyond the borders of civilization. In 1847 he went to Neenah, where he worked in a gristmill for a year, and in 1848 he purchased 80 acres of land, partially covered with timber, on Bald Prairie, Winnebago county, which was his place of abode until 1849. In that year he secured employment in a mill in Shawano which contained, besides the building in which he worked, a boarding house. After two years he returned to Oshkosh where he purchased sixteen building lots, and there made his home for two years, buying and selling land for investment purposes. His next place of residence was in Waukechon township, Shawano county, where he opened up a farm of 160 acres, and also kept a trading post at that place - a general store - which he conducted until 1855, when he sold out and removed to what is now the city of Shawano.

Again Mr. Richmond turned his attention to real-estate dealing, and purchased 1128 acres of land surrounding the town. There he plated a portion of his realty and began selling lots, making the first sale two acres in 1855, the site on which now stands the "Murdock House". He certainly deserves mention among the founders of Shawano, for no man took a more active part in its early development than he, and the county board of supervisors recognized his valuable service by naming a township of Richmond in his honor. He engaged in real-estate dealing there until 1863, when he enlisted in the month of December, as a member of Company I, Thirty-second Wis. V. I. offering his aid for three years if needed. He was mustered in at Madison, Wis., and joined the Seventeenth Army Corps, army of the Tennessee. He was with it in the march from Memphis to Selma, Ala., whence the troops were driven back, destroying bridges as they went. Leaving Memphis, they joined Sherman's army, and Mr. Richmond participated in the celebrated march to the sea. He was also in the battles of Missionary Ridge and Lookout Mountain, and at Atlanta sustained an injury which forced him to remain in the hospital for two weeks. He was also in the Carolina campaign, taking part in the engagements at Goldsboro and Raleigh, and was in the grand review in Washington. At Madison, Wis., he was honorably discharged in august, 1865, and at once returned to Shawano.

In that place, in March, 1856, Mr. Richmond was married , the ceremony being one of the first celebrated there. The lady of his choice was Miss Clarisa Westcott, a native of St. Lawrence county, N.Y., and a daughter of Eldrich and Hannah (Borgardes) Westcott, the former born in Vermont, the latter in Amsterdam, Montgomery county., N.Y. The father came to the Empire state when a young man, and in 1812 married a daughter of Henry Borgardes, of that state. In 1853 he migrated with his family to Shawano, Wis., where his death occurred in May 1864. His wife who survived him thirty-two years, always remained true to his memory; her death occurred in Shawano. They were the parents of thirteen children - four sons and nine daughters of who three sons and six daughters survive them. viz.' Charles D, of Shawano, Hiram T also of that place; William E of Oconto county; Mrs. Eva Swain and C Winton both of Michigan; Mrs. A Colburn of St. Lawrence county, N.Y.; Mrs. Richmond of Gillett, Oconto county; Mrs. fink of Shawano; Mrs. Lashay of Angelica, Shawano county, whose death occurred in 1892, William E Wescott enlisted in 1861, in the Sixth Wis V. I. at Shawano, that being his place of residence at the time. After serving nearly a year he contracted Rheumatism and received his discharge, but in 1864 he re-enlisted, this time in the Cavalry, for which he received his discharge in 1865. Horace H Wescott, one of the four sons, was married in St. Lawrence county, in 1856, and came to Shawano in 1859 with his wife and one child. At the time of his death, which occurred in 1882 at his farm in Angelica, Shawano county, he left a widow and five children to mourn his loss.

Mr. and Mrs. Richmond had four children, three of whom are living; Maria, wife Phineas Morrison, a resident of Statford, Wis., Clara, wife of John Bordon, of Brazeau township, Oconto county and Helen M., wife of John Magee also of Brazeau township. The other daughter Mary died at the age of eight months. The family is one of much prominence in the community, and their friends are many. Mr. Richmond in early life voted for William Henry Harrison, also supported James E Birney, the first abolition candidate, and has been an ardent Republican since that party was formed to prevent the further extension of slavery. He has served as a member of the town board, and was chairman of Angelica township. Socially he is a member of the Shawano Post No. 81 G.A.R. and the Temple of Honor, and he and his estimable wife are consistent members of the Methodist Episcopal Church.


Biographical Sketches

J H Beers 1895




One of the most enterprising and successful business men of Shawano county, and owner of a general store and creamery in the village of Pulcifer, Green Valley township, is a native of Norway, born February 23, 1835.           

His father, Hans Ludvig Risum, who was born in Kiel, Holstein (then in Denmark, now in Germany), July 27, 1807, was a printer by trade which he followed in Norway and also for a time after coming to the United States. He married Miss Caroline Sell, who was born February 25, 1814, in Norway, and they had children as follows: Otto Axel, our subject; Hakon, who died in Milwaukee, Wis., in 1855; Louisa (widow of Ole Johnson), residing in Iowa; Isabella (widow of Ole Gullackson), also living in Iowa; Thorvald, a veterinary surgeon of Brookings, Dakota; Carl, residing on the old homestead in Spring Valley township; and Joanna, deceased wife of William McNally.  In the summer of 1853 the entire family, with the exception of our subject, came to this continent, making the passage from Norway, on the sailing vessel Henry Wergeland, which after a voyage of thirteen weeks landed at Quebec, Canada, whence the family at once proceeded westward to Wisconsin, losing all their baggage on the way through some error on the part of the railroad officials. Coming to Rock county, they settled on a farm in Spring Valley township, which they at once commenced to improve. In 1880 the father disposed of this property, and moved to a farm near Bode, Humboldt Co., Iowa, where he died in 1890, at which time he was living with his second wife, who survives him; his first wife had died in Spring Valley township, Rock county, Wisconsin.    

The subject proper of these lines, whose name appears at the opening, received his education at the schools of his native place up to the age of fifteen, when he shipped as an I apprentice on board an English packet which touched at various ports in Scotland, England, Russia, Prussia, Sweden and Denmark. When his apprenticeship time was up, he shipped as man before the mast on board the "Atlanta," Capt. Bush, bound for Holland, his next trip being to the Mediterranean, after which for some years he sailed from Norway to various ports of the Old World in different vessels.   In 1854 he shipped at a Norwegian port on board the ship "Telegraph" bound for Quebec, Canada, with two hundred emigrants, from which port he re-crossed the Atlantic to Liverpool, England, and from there sailed to Boston, Mass., on a vessel laden with salt, reaching that port, July 4, 1856. From, Boston, Mr. Risum journeyed westward to the great lakes, for the next few months, living the life of a fresh-water sailor, in the following November finding himself at Chicago, whither he had gone to meet his father whom he accompanied back to the farm in Spring Valley. Here our subject worked until the breaking out of the war of the Rebellion, when October 14, 1861, he enlisted at Beloit, Wis., in Company G, Fifteenth Wis. V. I., Capt. Gordon, which regiment was sent to Madison, where it was put through a course of training until March 1, 1862, the date on which it set out for St. Louis, Mo., whence it was forwarded by transport boats to Bird's Point, same State, where for a short time the several companies remained in camp, then left by transports for Columbus, Ky.  At this point they received orders to attack the enemy at Union City, which they did, capturing many of the enemy, and then returned to Columbus. Soon afterward, April 8, 1862, they took active part in the battle of Island No. 10, Tenn., where Companies G and I were stationed all that summer, doing guard duty. The next battle in which our subject participated was at Chickamauga, Tenn., arriving in time to take part in the second day's battle there. Missionary Ridge was their next battle after which they were ordered to western Tennessee, going into camp at Knoxville. Here in March,1864, our subject re-enlisted as veteran, and, receiving sixty days furlough, returned home. Rejoining his regiment at Big Shanty, Ga., where considerable fighting was going on, he received a wound in the left leg while he was engaged on the skirmish line, but refused to go to the hospital, preferring to remain with his company; at this time he held the rank of sergeant-major, having been promoted to same from the ranks after the battle of Chickamauga.  He participated in all the great battles of the Atlanta campaign, proving himself a brave and efficient soldier.  The Fifteenth Wis. V. I., formed part of Gen. Willich’s brigade, Gen Wood’s division, Fourth Army Corps, to which it was assigned soon after the battle of Chickamauga; then after the Atlanta campaign it was ordered to Whiteside Station, Tenn., where it remained on guard duty until February, 1865.  In the meantime, on September 14, 1864, Sgt. Major Risum was further promoted to adjutant with rank of first lieutenant. In February, 1865, he was mustered out of the army, his term of service having expired, but not yet to return home, for he had “other fish to fry," of a matrimonial species. It appears while he was lying with his regiment at Whiteside Station, he "met by chance, the usual way," Miss Jane Wigley. After his discharge he had, of course, to pay her a visit before returning home. On May 20, 1865, they were married at Janesville, Wis., and at once took up their temporary home with his father, in Spring Valley, where our subject assisted on the farm. At the end of two years he and his wife and young son migrated to Humboldt county, Iowa, where he took up a homestead on which they remained two years, but the locality proving unhealthy for them they returned to Spring Valley, Wis., soon afterward moving to the village of Orfordsville, in the same county, where Mr. Risum embarked in mercantile business, which he carried on successfully until coming to Pulcifer in the spring of 1873. Here he opened out a small general store, which from time to time he enlarged as business demanded, also conducting a hotel in connection. In 1885 he built his present capacious store, and in the spring of 1894 erected the creamery in the village which he conducts with eminent success.
On July 3, 1884, Mr. Risum's first wife died, the mother of one child, John Louis, born December 28, 1866, and still living under the parental roof. She was born February 28, 1844, in Trenton, Dade Co., Ga., the youngest daughter of John Wigley, of that locality. On November 20, 1885, Mr. Risum was married to Miss Christina Louisa Krueger, who was born May 29, 1865, in Germany, whence in 1881 she came to the United States with her parents who settled in Hartland township, Shawano Co., Wis. By this marriage there was one son, Otto Axel, born March 19, 1890, but died in October same year. In addition to his store and creamery Mr. Risum owns fifty acres of farm land in Section 6, Spring Valley township, besides extensive farming lands elsewhere. In 1882, he erected his present elegant and commodious residence, which is gracefully presided over by his amiable life-partner. He is also owner of a beautiful pleasure yacht on Lake Shawano, which in a miniature way reminds him of his roving sailor life in years gone by.
A stanch Republican in politics, he has served as chairman of his township three years, and as school officer some sixteen years.  Socially, he is a member of the F. & A. M., G. A. R., and Loyal Legion of Shawano. Mr. Risum is a man of fine physique, healthy, clever, affable, good natured, and deservedly popular.




Biographical Sketches

J H Beers 1895

Thomas H. Savage

The subject  of this sketch, Thomas H. Savage was born in Brownville, Jefferson Co. New York, March 22, 1842, and is the son of Nathaniel and Mary (Sharon) Savage, born in New York, and of Irish descent, who went into Jefferson county in 1837.
Nathaniel Savage was a successful cabinet maker, but died at the age of thirty-three years at Brownville, New York, leaving a family of six children, only three of whom are now living: Judge John A. lawyer, ex-banker and a successful business man of Livingston, Montana; Elizabeth, the wife of John Main of Sterlingville, New York, and Thomas H. who left home at the age of twenty-three, and came west as far as Oconto, Oconto Co. Wis, where he engaged extensively in lumbering; he also took up a homestead in the eastern part of Shawano county, then an unbroken and almost impenetrable wilderness. He and a companion were the only persons residing in that tract of country now called Green Valley, Shawano county.

In 1872 he was united in marriage to Catherine Strong, of Evans Mills, Jefferson Co., N. Y., and they have two children:  Mary, born August 9, 1873, and Frances born February 19, 1875. The parents of Mrs. Savage, Patrick and Mary (Dean) Strong, were of Irish parentage, and died in June, 1895, at the advanced age of nearly ninety years, at Evans Mills, N.Y. In 1886, Mr. Savage was appointed by the Hon. Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the position of farmer for the Menomonee tribe of Indians, and to superintend the lumbering operations carried on by them. This position he held for four and a half years. At the close of the Democratic administration he was released from further duty, and returned to his home.  He was then engaged for three years in the mercantile, business at Underhill, Oconto County, Wis, where he also held the position of postmaster. In 1892 he received the appointment from President Cleveland to the office of Indian Agent for the Green Bay Indian Agency, Keshena, Wis. which position he now holds. In politics Mr. Savage has been a life-long Democrat. 



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Goshe Frederick Schweers

Goshe Frederick Schweers, Shawano, Wis., and a member of G.A.R. Post No. 81, was born March 2, 1837, in Germany, and is the son of Christian and Anna Schweers, who removed with their family to America in 1861 and located at Shawano where they both died.

Mr. Schweers came to Wisconsin with his parents, having received his education and training as a blacksmith in his native country, and he worked at this business until he entered the army. He enlisted August 19 1862 in Company I 32nd Wisconsin Infantry at Shawano for three years and received honorable discharge at Washington, June 14, 1865. He went with his command from the rendezvous at Oshkosh to West Tennessee, where the regiment was assigned to the command of Sherman and was attached to the forces of Grant in readiness to move in the operations against Vicksburg, which were brought to a sudden termination by the disaster at Holy Springs, and Mr. Schweers was a participant in the heavy and exhaustive marching consequent upon the change of base and afterwards to the relief of Colonel Hatch. He was on scout duty in looking after Forrest and in the operations of the Maridan Expedition, returning to Vicksburg. He was in the movements against General Forrest afterward and performed guard and garrison duty at Decantur and was in the skirmished in the vicinity of Courtland which were several times repeated. He was in the continuous siege of Atlanta for more than a week and was in the raids on the Mason Railroad and followed the rebels to Lovejoy Station and was afterwards at Atlanta preparing for the march through the heart of rebeldom with Sherman and was engaged in the activities with which his regiment was connected in Georgia and the Carolinas and in the final long march to Virginia to Washington.

He returned from the war to Shawano where he has since followed his trade. He was married September 20, 1866 to Augusta Heldt and their children are named William, Emma, Lucelia and Alma. Mr. Schweers is of the Democratic persuasion in politics and is a respective citizen of Shawano.




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John Martin Schweers

John M. Schweers, Shawano, Wis., member of the G.A.R. Post no. 81, was born in Germany, Dec. 13, 1835, and is the son of Christian and Anna (Krueger) Schweers, who removed with their family to America in 1860, and made a location at Shawano, where they lived until their respective deaths. Mr. Schweers was 19 years old when he came to America, and had received a good education in his native country. Four of his brothers are living. Fred S. was a soldier in the 32nd Wisconsin, and his sketch appears on another page. August was a sailor on transport connected with the command of Butler and is a resident of Shawano. Peter is engaged in the real estate business at the same place. William Schweers was a lieutenant of the light artillery in Charleston and fought in the Confederate army. He died in Charleston, August 16, 1865, of Cholera. The sister of Mr. Schweers married H. Naber, of Shawano.

When Mr. Schweers came to America in 1855, he located in Wisconsin and was in Dodge County when the war came on. He was among the first to enlist and enrolled April 22, 1861, under the first call for three months volunteers, the company expecting to be enrolled in the first regiment that left the State, but companies reported so fast that the Dodge county organization was enrolled for the 3rd regiment as Company H, and before the command left the State it was mustered into the three year service. Mr, Schweers went to the was as a private, and was made 2nd Sergeant soon after; after the battle of Cedar Mountain he was made a Orderly Sergeant. After that the battle of Chancellorsville, he was promoted to 2nd Lieutenant and in 1863 he was made 1st Lieutenant. After the battle of Atlanta he was promoted to Captain of his company, of which he had been in command for sometime. His promotions were for bravery, on the field, and he was with the regiment from the time it left the State in June 1861, to his discharge, July 25, 1865, and was in the hard fought battles in which it was engaged without exception, and was never sick a day or had a days leave of absence during the whole period. He was with his company when on an expedition to Bolivar, near Harper's Ferry, to take possession of a quality of grain, and was in the actions during the progress of the regiment to Western Virginia, in the fight at Cedar Mountain, at Antietam, Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, and was transferred to the Army of the Cumberland and went to Tennessee, where he veteranized. He was in the battle of Resaca, and in the actions which followed the rebel retreat, fighting at Peach Tree Creek. After the capture of Atlanta, he went to the sea with Sherman, having fought at Lookout Mountain. While in the front of Atlanta, he was sitting in his tent writing, when a shell fell in their midst and killed Captain Orton. Mr. Schweers was in all varied service in the march to the sea, and fought near Bluff Church, N. C., and afterwards at Averysboro and Bentonville. He was in the closing marches and in the Grand Review before he returned to Louisville, to be mustered out as stated. After the war he returned to Shawano and engaged in the hardware business, which he has perused with success. He is a man of prominent ability and has won his position in civil life, as in military life, by his own efforts. He was one of the first to move in the establishment of a local post, and was the first commander of "81". He has been on the staff of the State Commander. He has been prominent the progress and prosperity of Shawano, served six years as County Clerk, has officiated as Sheriff and Treasurer and is Supervisor of Shawano. (1888)

He was married Jan. 10, 1864, to Theresa Koger, while at home on veteran furlough. Three children are living named John F., Frank S. and Mary.


Biographical Sketches

J H Beers 1895

Frederick C. Schewe, a prominent, influential agriculturist of Shawano county, Wis., is a native of Prussia, Germany, born  July 6, 1846, a son of  Charles and Charlotte (Ewald) Schewe, who were the parents of five children, as follows: Henrietta,  now the wife of Robert Schlitz, of New London, Waupaca Co. Wis; Frederick C., the subject of this memoir; Pauline, deceased; Ulrike, deceased; and Carl, a leading agriculturist and blacksmith of Grant township, Shawano county. 

In 1854 the family, crossed the ocean to the New World, the vessel in which they took passage dropping anchor in an American port on July 6. On their arrival in this country the family settled in Milwaukee, Wis., where they remained six months; while living in Milwaukee the father was stricken with that dire disease, cholera. On his recovery, the family moved to Sheboygan County, Wis., where Mr. Schewe found employment as a day laborer, remaining there four years, at the expiration of which time they removed to Belle Plaine at that time an unbroken wilderness. Here Mr. Schewe purchased a forty-acre tract of timberland in Section 22, on which was erected a log house 18 x 24, and the arduous task of clearing the land immediately commenced, and four acres of rye were sown. Shortly afterward forty acres more were added to the farm, and, as the reward of many hours of hard, honest labor, Mr. Schewe had the satisfaction of seeing the many noble giants of the forests give place to beautiful fields of golden grain, and where once stood the old; primitive log house, around which, to the old pioneer, hover many pleasant recollections of days gone by, is now to be seen a home of comfort and architectural beauty. The mother's death occurred May 3, 1889. The father remained on the old homestead until 1894, when he went to live with his daughter, Mrs. Robert Schlitz, of New London.

Frederick C. Schewe, the gentleman whose name introduces this sketch, received but a very meager education, his vast fund of useful knowledge, which he now possesses, having been acquired by many years of hard study in the "school of experience." Our subject remained at home until nineteen years of age, working on different farms in the neighborhood, always giving his small earnings to his father to help in the support of the family.  In 1867 Mr. Schewe was united in marriage with Caroline Raasch, a daughter of Gottlieb and Fredricka (Wockenfusz) Raasch, who came to America in 1866. To this union were born children as follows: Albert, born November 20, 1871; Emma, born January 20, 1874, now the wife of Abe Hedge, of Belle Plaine; Ulrike, born March 20, 1876; Paulina, December 4. 1878, Clara, February 13, 1880; Linda, born May 21, 1882, died in 1886; Mary, born November 20, 1885;  Laura, May 12, 1888; Alma, January 11, 1893, and Frederick, who died in infancy. At the time of his marriage our subject owned eighty acres of land in Section 24, Belle Plaine township, on which he resided, and cultivated the same until 1869, in which year he moved to Shawano, Shawano Co., Wis., and opened a furniture store, which he carried on until 1872, when he removed to New London, Waupaca county, and engaged in the same business.  At the end of two years he removed to How Township, Oconto County, and again embarked in agricultural pursuits, purchasing 160 acres of timberland, which he cleared and afterward cultivated, soon possessing a most excellent farm.  At the end of ten years he disposed of his farm and removed to Belle Plaine, Shawano county, where he built a store and engaged in mercantile pursuits for four years, but met with a serious loss, his store being burned to the ground on December 26, 1890. Mr. Schewe then decided to abandon a mercantile career, and to devote his whole time to agricultural pursuits. Accordingly he purchased the old homestead farm in Shawano county, consisting of 120 acres of good land, seventy acres of which are under a high state of cultivation, upon which he still resides, his being one of the best in the county. 

Politically Mr. Schewe is affiliated with the Democratic Party, and takes an active interest in all the affairs of his State. His many friends, recognizing in him a man of more than ordinary ability, have frequently persuaded him to accept positions of honor and trust, he having been town clerk for many years, and justice of the peace for the past twenty years. In How Township, (Oconto Co.) he has filled the positions of chairman, clerk and treasurer, and has always done everything in his power, financially and otherwise, to further the interests of his township. Socially our subject is a member of the Mason's Lodge and Shawano Lodge No. 46, I. O. O. F. The family is faithful members of the Lutheran Church, and enjoys the respect of a large circle of friends.




Biographical Sketches

J H Beers 1895

Charles D Wescott

CHARLES D. WESCOTT, the oldest pioneer of Shawano County, was born December 23, 1816, in Morristown, St. Lawrence Co., N. Y, son of Eldridge and Hannah (Bogardus) Wescott, who were natives of Vermont and New York State, respectively.
Eldridge Wescott was born in Rutland, Vt., in 1788, was reared to farming, and when a young man removed to St. Lawrence County, N.Y. There he married Hannah Bogardus, who was born in Schoharie County, N. Y., daughter of Henry Bogardus, and their children, all of whom were born in St. Lawrence County, were as follows: Lavina, who married Iva Swain and died in Michigan; Charles D., whose name introduces this sketch; Hiram, a farmer of Richmond; Catherine, who married Charles Lashay, and died in 1889 in Angelica, Shawano county; Almira, who married and died in St. Lawrence county, N. Y.; Susan, who married and lives in Wisconsin; Lydia, who died young; Horace, who died in Angelica, Shawano county; William, of Maple Valley, Oconto county (he served in the Civil War); Susan, who died from poisoning when small; and Lydia, living in Shawano. Eldridge Wescott followed farming and lumbering in western New York; after living in St. Lawrence County a number of years he removed thence to Allegany County, and thence migrated westward to Wisconsin, settling in Shawano County, where he died in 1854. His wife survived him for some time, and their remains now repose in the cemetery at Shawano.  Mr. Wescott was a soldier in the war of 1812, and drew a pension for his services.

Charles D. Wescott, being the eldest son of poor parents, had only meager school advantages, receiving a limited education in the subscription schools of the period. He was reared to farming, and remained at home up to the age of twenty-three years, when he went to Oswego County, N. Y., and for some time after starting in life for himself worked at anything he could find to do. From Oswego County he went to Livingston County, where he was employed in a stone quarry. In the spring of 1842 he set out from Allegany county, N.Y. with the Rowley family, driving a four-horse covered wagon through to the then Territory of Wisconsin, the trip occupying nineteen days; they came by way, of Chicago, the family locating a little west of Milwaukee, at what was then called Prairieville, now Waukesha. After spending a few weeks in this vicinity Mr. Wescott found employment in a saw mill on the Oconomowoc river operated by Curtis Reed (late of Menasha), and next entered the employ of Harrison Reed, at Neenah, as overseer. In May, 1844, he came up the Wolf River to Shawano, arriving May 9; whither he had been preceded by Samuel Farnsworth who made the trip up the river two weeks previously in a bark canoe. At that time there were no evidences of civilization whatever in the region, and the Indians who still remained in their native forests were untamed and frequently troublesome. Farnsworth & Moore erected a mill at the
outlet of Shawano Lake, near the Wolf River, in Section 25 Richmond Township, and our subject had charge of the same for eight years, receiving so much per thousand for the lumber sawed and delivered at Oshkosh, it being rafted down the Wolf river. After leaving the mill he engaged on his own account in lumbering—an industry which he followed in its most remunerative days, and which he has lived to see in its present state of decline. His home was at the saw mill up to 1853, when he took up his residence at his present home on the banks of the Wolf River, above Shawano.

Having lived in Shawano County since long before its organization, Mr. Wescott has been closely identified with its progress, and has been a leader in every movement made for its advancement and welfare. A lifelong Democrat, and a local leader in his party, he has filled various offices of trust, and served fifteen years as chairman of the township board and nine years as chairman of the county board. While serving in the latter capacity he was one of a committee of three who located the site of the present court house, and he has also assisted in laying out many of the roads (throughout the county. He was also the first postmaster at Shawano, holding the office up to Lincoln's administration, when he resigned.

Mr. Wescott was married, January 6, 1848, at Waukau, Winnebago County, to Miss Jane Driesbach, who was a native of Livingston County, N. Y., born November 9, 1820, in the town of Sparta. She was the eldest daughter of Joseph and Mary (Gillespie) Driesbach, the former born February 16, 1793, in Easton, Penn., the latter November 1, 1797, in Bath, N. Y. who had a family of five children, as follows: William H., who died May 14, 1861, in Waukau, Winnebago Co., Wis.; Jane, Mrs. Wescott; Mary, Mrs. William Masters, who died in Waukau, Wis.; Catherine, Mrs. Henry Johnson, who died in Dexterville, Wood Co., Wis.; and Joanna, Mrs. B. F. King, who died in Rushford, Winnebago Co., Wis.  They also reared a foster child, John Orr. In 1845 this family migrated to Wisconsin, and they were among the earliest settlers of Waukau Township, Winnebago County, where Mrs. Driesbach passed away April 14, 1863; the father, who survived until 1876, died in Rushford, Winnebago County.

After their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Wescott made their home in Waukau until 1849, when, with their infant son, Charles J., they came to Shawano, making the trip, which occupied nine days, up the Wolf River in a Mackinaw boat. It is a fact worthy of mention that the first Bible in Shawano was sent by Mrs. Wescott to her husband among some clothes. To our subject and wife have been born five children, namely: Charles J., born

October 10, 1848, now of Shawano; Dayn E., born December 11, 1850, in Oshkosh, now of Shawano; Mary J. born August 24, 1852, in Waukau, now Mrs. John Montour, of Richmond township, Shawano County; Ella, born January 17, 1854, in Shawano, deceased in 1889; and John A., born February 13, 1858, now of Wakefield, Mich. Mrs. Wescott is a member of the Presbyterian Church, and Mr. Wescott has for years been connected with the Temple of Honor. There are no citizens in their section who are more highly respected for their true moral worth and the part they have taken in the development of the county, the growth of which they have watched and aided from its earliest days to its present prosperous state, enduring in their pioneer life the usual hardships which fall to the lot of early settlers in a new country, and enjoying in their declining years the results of those days of privation and toil.



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Spencer C Wiley

Spencer Wiley, member of the G. A. R. Post No 131, at Merrill, where he is a resident, was born June 25, 1842, in Schoharie Co. New York. When he was a child of three years, his parents removed to the west. They located at a point south of Walworth, in McHenry Co. Ills., which is now near Sharon, and which was then in the depths of the primeval wilderness. When he was 17 years old he went to Shawano, Wis., to engage in the lumber business in which he was interested for 10 years. At the expiration of that time he embarked in the vocation of a liveryman, in which he was occupied three years. In 1877 he removed to Merrill, where his first occupation was that of lumbering, which he exchanged for the grocer's vocation in 1885, and which he is still managing with profit.

He was only 19 when the message from Fort Sumter sent its fiery warning of danger to the Union. Under the pressure of events early in 1862, he decided to enlist and accordingly, enrolled at Shawano, in Company I, 32nd Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, for three years. On the formation of his company he was made Corporal. His captain was George E Wood, and later David J. Brothers, of whom a sketch will be found elsewhere. The regiment was mustered in, in September, and left the State about the close of the following month. In November the command joined an expedition, which came to naught and marching the men did was of the severest character under the most disastrous circumstances. Returning to Memphis, the regiment remained on provost duty 10 months. Late in November, they had another severe march to Moscow, where they did excellent service, in saying the cavalry under Col. Hatch. Early in 1864 they took part in the Meridian expedition under Sherman, their Colonel commanding the brigade to which they belonged. At Jackson they preserved the pontoon bridge until the Federal troops had passed and then destroyed it, preventing its further use by the rebels. In the first month of that year, they successfully resisted an assault of a rebel brigade. In the spring they returned to Memphis, whence they did some heavy marching to Paducah, and thence to Decatur, Ala. In May they were again in heavy skirmishing and marching. All through the months of June and July 1864, a vast amount of labor was performed in picket duty, work on fortifications, skirmishing near Courtland, (where they repulsed a rebel force and captured prisoners, camp equipage and supplies without the loss of a man) guarding wagon trains and in the instance mentioned - all this constituting one of the unremitting periods of service which is often overlooked in history from lack of brilliancy, perhaps, but is of far greater importance. August 7th, the command made connection with the army of Sherman, and took position in the line of battle in the siege of Atlanta. From the 9th until the 24th they were constantly under rebel fire, although not in the assault. They were in the fighting at Jonesboro and Dec. 5th, the regiment was involved in an action at the Little Ogeechee River, and on the 9th, 10th and 13th they were in important skirmishes. On the day last named they marched 50 miles. On the 18th they returned to their army connection, after destroying the Savannah and Gulf railroad between the Ogeechee and Altamaha rivers. Six days later they were at Savannah. In February, 1865, they were in important service of similar character, and March 20th fought at Bentonville. They were in the Grand Review at Washington, May 24th, and were discharged at Milwaukee, Wis., in June 1865. Mr. Wiley was not absent from his duty a single day, when the command was in Activity. In 1863, he was ill with lung fever and was in the hospital at Memphis about two months. At the close of his illness he was in the general hospital, which was under the charge of his brother Martin. The latter went out with the 14th Illinois Regiment in the capacity of surgeon and was on the staff of the general in command. Jacob Henry Wiley was surgeon in a regiment of the United States Regulars and was in the Army of the Tennessee.

After the war Mr. Wiley returned to Shawano as has been stated. He was appointed Postmaster there by President Johnson and resigned after the service of one year. He served as Sheriff of Shawano two years and was its Town Clerk when the place was a village. When it took on Municipal dignity he was made first City Treasurer and served two years.

In 1881 he was commissioned route agent between Merrill and Wausau and held the position nine months. He was re-appointed by Postmaster General Howe and four months later was made Prudential Officer, in which capacity he officiated four years by appointment of the President Garfield. His connection with the place expired by the law of Limitation, which President Cleveland enforced.

He was married Aug. 25, 1866 to Rhoda A. McCord. Their surviving children are Myron, Kittie, Warren E, and Florence. Charles was drowned in the Wisconsin River at 16.

Mr. Wiley is the son of Daniel and Margaret (Christianson) Wiley. On both sides they were decedents of the Dutch of the Mohawk Valley in New York. Mrs. Wiley was born in Pennsylvania and her parents were Myron and Ann Eliza (Ackerman) McCord, of old Pennsylvanian stock.



Biographical Sketches

J H Beers 1895

William Wolf

William Wolf, Among those who fought in defense of the Union in the war of the rebellion, who have had a part in the work of transforming the forests of Wisconsin into smiling fields and fertile farms, and make the aggregate of solid worth by which this great State is known and honored, stands William Wolf.

Mr. Wolf was born in Prussia, Germany, March 27, 1839. His father, Christian Wolf, who was a day laborer, married Dorothy Beske, and they reared a family of five children in Germany, namely: Charles, who was married but lost his wife and all his children in Germany, came to this country to live with his brother William, and now resides with  in Pella, Shawano Co., Wis., Fred, now in Germany, who lost a wife and a large family, and is engaged as foreman in a distillery there; William, the subject of this sketch, Louise, who married Fred Wichmann, of Pella and they both died leaving a family of children, the homestead going to their son Charles, who died recently, leaving a widow; and Wilhelmine, who was the wife of Ferdinand Ulker, who lived in Pella, and died in 1893, leaving four four children. Mrs. Christian Wolf died when her son William was nineteen years of age.

William Wolf had only limited opportunities for an education, and only attended school from the time he was six till he was fourteen years of age. In 1858 he sailed for America, and landed in Quebec after a voyage of forty-two days, coming on to Mayville, Dodge Co., Wis., where he went to work by the day, remaining there about a year. He then went to Illinois and Missouri to look at the country, and was gone until the fall of 1860, when he returned to Mayville, and remained until May 8, 1861, when he enlisted in Company E, Third Wis. V. I. and was mustered into the United states service at Fond du Lac. They were sent to Harper's Ferry, had small skirmishes and from there went to Charlestown, near the Potomac, where they engaged in more skirmishing; then went on to Winchester, Va., and remained there until the spring of 1863. They then went to Strasburg and on through the valley and then to Fredericksburg, Va. Mr. wolf participated in the battles of Antietam, Cedar Mountain, Winchester and Chancellorsville, and at the Rappahannock river. In 1863 they joined Sherman's army in Tennessee, fought at Chattanooga, then to Dallas and near Atlanta, where Mr. wolf was wounded in the forefinger of the right hand. he went into the hospital at Jeffersonville, Ind., was there some five months and at the expiration of that time joined his regiment at Goldsboro, N.C. They were in several heavy skirmishes, one at Raleigh, N. C. and the war closing about this time, they were sent back to Washington  D. C. He was discharged July 29, 1865 after about four years of hard service, and returned to Mayville, Wisconsin.

On October 12, 1865, William wolf was united in marriage with Mary Stargard, who was born in Prussia, Germany, August 11, 1847, and they have eight children namely; Augusta, now the wife of Ferdinand Toepke, a saloon keeper, of Clintonville, Waupaca Co., Wis.; Herman, a farmer, in Belle Plaine, Shawano county, Hulda, now wife of William Winter, a hardware merchant of Clintonville; William, at home; Emma, wife of Herman Spearbraker, a butcher of Clintonville; and Amanda, Albert and Emil at home. The parents of Mrs. Wolf, Charles and Augusta (Furgo) Stargard, came to America in 1857 and located in Mayville, Wis. Mr. Stargard was a farmer in Germany and in the United States as well. He bought a farm near Mayville, on which he and Mrs. Stargard lived for the remainder of their lives, and on which they died. They had four children, as follows; Mary, now Mrs. Wolf; Minnie, wife of Charles Kube; a farmer of Watertown, Jefferson Co. Wis.; Augusta, now deceased and Finnie, wife of Conrad Hoffmann, a farmer of Lewiston, Minnesota.

In 1865 William Wolf and wife came with a team from new London, Waupaca county, to Pella, Wis., which at that time was surrounded by dense woods, and nothing but Indian trails marked their paths. They bought 160 acres of land in section 20, which still consists a part of their farm. A log house, 18 x 24 feet was built and covered with shakes. He had no team, and only an axe for the work of clearing, which began at once. There were no doors or windows for their house, and in lieu of them they hung bedclothes. Thus they made their humble beginning for a home. The work of clearing went gradually on, and his noble wife was of no small assistance, for it was only by their united efforts that they succeeded. They traded with Alexander Bucholz at Belle Plaine. To-day Mr. Wolf has 200 acres of land, of which some eighty are cleared, and in farming condition. Politically has has always been a Republican, and he has served as township chairman twelve years, and chairman of county board three years, township clerk two years, and assessor one year. He and Mrs. Wolf are members of the Lutheran Church.




Soldiers and Citizens Album

of Biographical Records


Anthony Zerwas


Anthony Zerwas of Shawano, Wis., and a member of G.A.R. Post No. 81 at that place, was born Jan. 17, 1836, at Parole, on the Rhine in Prussia. He came to America with his parents in October, 1842, when he was six years of age, going from New York on the Hudson River to Albany and proceeding thence to Utica, Oneida Co., New York. The remained in the city until 1847, when they went to Racine, Wisconsin. In 1853, they made another transfer to Mayville, Dodge Co., Wis., and Mr. Zerwas remained there until the death of his father. He and his son-in-law were interested in the sale of agricultural implements at that place. August 18, 1859, he transferred his business interests to Shawano, where he arrived while Wisconsin was still a territory. He engaged in shoemaking in which he was occupied until enrolled as a soldier in defense of the country of his adoption. He enlisted August 9, 1862, at Shawano, in Company I, 32nd Wisconsin Infantry for three years and received honorable discharge June 9, 1865, the war being at an end.

The regiment went into rendezvous at Oshkosh and left the State October 30th, to be assigned to Sherman's army and was destined to go to Jackson to co-operate with the plans of the campaign of Grant, but the disaster at Holly Springs terminated the movement. They were on provost duty at Memphis ten months and went thence to LaGrange and in the attack on Moscow, Mr. Zerwas had an experience of nine miles in two hours on the double-quick. He remained with his command, watching the movements of Forrest, and in January, 1864, went to Vicksburg and in February started for Meridian. He was in the action at Jackson and in the raids of the Meridian expedition and returned to Vicksburg, whence he went to Kentucky, expecting to go into action at Paducah and was again in lively movement endeavoring to intercept Forrest.

For some months the regiment was in constant movement and in May was in the action at Cortland. He was in two other actions near the same place and in August went to the siege of Atlanta and thence, after the surrender, to fight at Jonesboro. While at Memphis he was ill with chronic diarrhea and has never recovered from it. While in the rifle pits at Atlanta he was wounded in the shoulder by a spent ball or piece of shell. He was a member of one of the columns which moved on Sherman's march through Georgia and in a fight not far from savannah. He was engaged in destroying one of Savannah railroads and went successively to Beaufort, S.C. and to Pocatalico, and after the March through the Carolina's began in the fight at River's Bridge, (Salkahatchie). He fought again at Binnaker's bridge, (Edisto) and afterwards at Cheraw. He walked barefooted 150 miles after the battle of the Cheraw and went back to his regiment where he remained until his discharge. He returned to Shawano and engaged in shoemaking which he followed as long as he could endure the bench, when he engaged in a saloon and billiard room.

He is the son of Jacob and Mary (Klassing) Zerwas. His father died in 1873 and is buried at Mayville. Mr. Zerwas was married June 10, 1859 to Mary Fink and three of their children named Allie, Bertha and William E C are living. Ida died Oct. 30, 1874, aged 13 years.