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Murders in Shawano County

Transcribed by Editor Jim Glasheen & Cathe Ziereis

Oshkosh Daily Northwestern

2 May 1904

Dennis Turkey, an aged Stockbridge Indian and a veteran of the Civil War, was fond dead near Shawano, his eyes gouged out and his face trampled beyond recognition. “Johnnie” Frank, a Menominee half-breed, is held for the murder.



Oshkosh Daily Northwestern

17 Jun 1904

No Witness to the Crime

Dennis Turkey, an Indian, Was stabbed Under Cover of Darkness

Trial of John Frank, the Alleged Murderer, Who was the Last Person Seen with Turkey, Is Now in Progress in United States Court  The Circumstantial Evidence is Strong

Two trials upon the charge of murder in one term of court is an unusual proceeding. Such is the record for the June term of United States court now in session at the government building. Joseph Sullivan has been tried and convicted of the murder of his wife, Elizabeth Sullivan, and John Frank, a Menominee Indian, is now on trial charged with the murder of Dennis Turkey, a Stockbridge Indian, an old man about seventy years old and a veteran of the Civil War. The murder is alleged to have occurred on the Stockbridge and Munsee Indian Reservation. It required only about an hour to secure a jury, which consists of E. P. Marsh, Neenah, Ziba Hamilton, Berlin; G W Howe, Oshkosh; Joseph Moyer, Berlin; W J Werth, Two Rivers; Herman Zobel, Ripon; William D Luscher, Oshkosh; A Allen, Maine; Edward Casey, Oshkosh; Charles Bauer, Oshkosh; H Y McIntyre, Oshkosh. The government is prosecuting the case by the district attorney H K Butterfield, and his assistant E J Henning and B J Winter of the firm Dreyer & Winter of Shawano, represents Frank.

The Crime

The outline of the case was given to the jury by Assistant District Attorney E J Henning. The story as outlined was that on April 30 Frank and Turkey were at Gresham, a village near the Stockbridge reservation late in the evening. They were seen together at about half past ten in the evening at a saloon, at which time Frank appeared intoxicated and Turkey seemed to have been drinking. Frank had a bottle of whiskey and one of alcohol. They left the village together shortly after that time, and Turkey seemed to be afraid of Frank and tried to get away from him. Together they proceeded to the Stockbridge reservation where they applied for lodging at the home of Charles Doxtator. Being refused they started further toward the center of the reservation. They were heard in angry conversation and Frank was begging a drink from Turkey and threatened to cut h---- out of him if he refused. Shortly after cursing and crying were heard and then moans, The next day the body of the old man was found by the roadside cut in a number of places about the head and face. He was dead, having bled to death. The sand about the place where he was found was bloody and showed evidence of a struggle having taken place. The testimony also should show that later Frank arrived alone at different places and applied for lodging, wandering about until 3 o’clock in the morning, when he came to the home of Mrs. Jordan and was admitted staying over night and being given something to drink. In the morning when he ate breakfast it was noted that his hat and clothing were bloody and that when he washed his hands the water was bloody. After breakfast we went to the church and was there arrested by the constable and remarked that he believed he had killed someone.

The Witnesses

The first witness was Shepard Freeman, agent for the government in charge of the Menominee and Stockbridge and Munsee reservations. His testimony was only upon his duties as agent. Henry Hoffman was an interesting witness, but his testimony and that of another who followed differed somewhat in detail, although similar in many particulars. Mr. Hoffman stated that he owns a saloon in the village of Gresham which is about ninety rods from the Stockbridge reservation. He saw Dennis Turkey and John Frank together about 10:30 on the night of April 30 in his saloon. He could not tell when Turkey came into the saloon, but he saw John Frank when he entered. Frank wanted to buy a drink, but the request was refused. He asked to buy a cigar for himself and drinks for others in the saloon. This was also denied and Frank was ordered from the saloon. He then pulled out two bottles and offered one to Turkey to take a drink. Mr. Hoffman then took Frank by the shoulder and put him out the side door and Turkey went with him. In about five minutes Turkey came back hurriedly and went into the back part of the saloon where it was dark and sat down. Five minutes later Frank returned and asked for Turkey. Mr. Hoffman said Turkey was not present. Frank replied that he knew better, as he had seen Turkey come in there. At this point Turkey stepped into view and the two talked a moment and then went out together. The witness heard them walking away together.

An Important Witness

Charles Doxtator, a Stockbridge Indian who lives on the reservation said that he went to bed about 9:00 and had been asleep for sometime, but how long he did not know, when someone rapped on the front door. He arose and went to the window and asked who was there. A voice which he recognized as John Franks replied “Johnnie Frank”. The witness made no reply and did not go downstairs. The rapping continued and finally the voice said “Well, Turkey let’s go”. The two started off and the witness watched them until they passed over the hill heading into the reservation. The residence of Mr. Doxtator is about three rods from the town of Herman in which Gresham is located. After passing through the gate at the dooryard of Doxtator the two stopped and Frank was heard to demand a drink from his companion. He said to him “ You ----- of ------ give me a drink or I’ll cut ------ out of you.” They walked on and again the threat was repeated. The two passed over the hill and out of sight. Mr. Doxtator then went back to bed. Shortly afterward he heard cursing and loud talking and cries. Later he heard loud groans as of one of pain. He did not get up and paid no attention to the noises and soon went back to sleep. Upon cross-examination he said he did not go down when he heard the trouble for fear he would be hurt too. The next day he was called to see the body of Dennis Turkey. The body was about five rods from Doxtator’s house. The body lay upon its side and cuts were upon the face and head which were bloody and one eye was cut out. The sand about the place for a distance of 100 feet was disturbed, showing evidence of a struggle and there was blood upon the sand. The clothes were covered with sand. Esther Doxtator, wife of the preceding witness told practically the same story. She heard the quarrel, but went back to bed and was asleep and heard no cries or groans. She recognized the two men by their figures. She said that when her husband made no response to the demand for admission, Frank said “You needn’t think because you live here you own the whole town.”  She heard Frank ask his companion for a drink and threaten him if it were not given.

Story of a Butcher

John Sherer, a Gresham butcher, testified that he was in Hoffman’s saloon about 10:30 when Frank came in. Turkey saw him before he entered and went into the back room where is was dark. Frank wanted a drink and was refused and was finally put out by Hoffman but Turkey stayed. Frank came in again and went into the back room and talked with Turkey. Hoffman then ordered them both out, saying he wanted to close his saloon. The two Indians, Turkey having been drinking and Frank quite drunk, walked away together arm and arm. He saw them go down the hill together. He returned to the saloon and in a short time started for home, which is about 5 rods from the reservation. While crossing the bridge at the foot of the hill he saw two men walking together in the moonlight. He did not see them again, as the reservation is woody and before he reached home they had passed out of site. When he reached his home he heard some “whoop” but listened and heard no more, and then went into his house. The next day he saw the body of Turkey lying dead by the roadside on the reservation. The head and face were cut and the clothes bloody. The ground was bloody and showed signs of a struggle.


Oshkosh Daily Northwestern

18 Jun 1904

Another One Guilty

Life Imprisonment Probable Sentence for the Indian, John Frank


The jury in the case of the trial of John Frank, charged with the murder of Dennis Turkey rendered a verdict this afternoon finding the defendant guilty, without capital punishment. Sentence has not yet been pronounced.



Oshkosh Daily Northwestern

28 Jun 1904 

To Prison For Life

Two Indians are Sentenced by Judge Seaman of United States Court

Joseph Sullivan and John Frank to Spend the Rest of Their Natural Lives Behind the Bars of Federal Prison at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas – Their Attorney is Unable to Secure Stay in Proceedings.


Joseph Sullivan, a Menominee Indian, convicted of the murder of his wife Elizabeth Sullivan upon the Menominee reservation February 29, by pounding and kicking her to death and John Frank a Menominee Indian convicted of the murder of Dennis Turkey a Stockbridge Indian upon the Stockbridge Munsee reservation April 30, were both sentenced to life imprisonment in the Federal prison at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, at noon today by judge Seaman in United States court. The attorney for both defendants, B J Winter of Shawano moved that judgment be arrested claiming that the court had no jurisdiction in the cases. The court held that the two cases referred to by the attorney in which that point was passed upon was overruled by  the United States Supreme Court, and proceeded to pronounce sentence.



Shawano Advocate

4 Jan 1906


Indian Killed on Reservation


Word was received here Tuesday, of the murdering of Louie Moss, an aged Indian on the South Branch of the Oconto River. The deed is supposed to have been done Monday by three young Indians, who were under the influence of liquor. We were unable to learn the any particulars, but suppose the Indians will be tried in the United States court, being under the jurisdiction of the United States. The murdering of Indians on the reservation seems to be of common occurrence, some one getting killed or pounded nearly to death, nearly every month by drunken Indians. It seems that some steps ought to be taken to stop the Indians from getting full, but we don't know what is to be done.




1 Feb 1906 

Deputy U.S. Marshal E. Glant arrested Johnny Martin, a Menominee Indian, last Monday on the charge of Murdering Jack Moss, another Menominee Indian, on the reservation recently.  Martin was taken to Milwaukee to stand trial n U.S. district court.


6 Apr 1906

Kluth, Lydia.  A death has occurred on Thursday under the most curious circumstances and is causing the people of Clintonville and surrounding area great assumptions.  A young girl, Lydia Kluth from Clintonville, was taken to a hospital in Oshkosh and operated on a cancerous tumor.  Since there was little hope that the patient would recover, the father was notified by telegraph.  When he arrived, the child was already a corpse.

In conjunction with this matter, the name of a lawyer from Clintonville was mentioned, which the people had read about earlier and are now seeking for answers from his office.


Shawano County Journal

26 April 1906


Men Charged with Causing the Death of Lena Kluth Cannot be Located

Attorney George Hoxie, of Clintonville, and Dr. G. T. Dawley, of New London, Flee From the Scene of Foul Crime

Attorney George Hoxie, of Clintonville, well known in this city, and Dr. G.T. Dawley, of New London, both of whom skipped for parts unknown to escape arrest on the charge of causing the death of Miss Lena Kluth, of Clintonville seem to have so well covered their tracks that the authorities looking for the couple are wholly at a loss to find the slightest clue to their present whereabouts.

Because of the revolting nature of the crime charged against the men, the people of Clintonville and the surrounding community are greatly aroused and are loud in their demands for justice.  The victim of the crime, whose death occurred in a hospital at Oshkosh, previous to her association with Hoxie, bore a good reputation.  She was the daughter of respectable German parents and was 19 years of age.

Upon leaving Clintonville Miss Kluth went to New London where she registered at the Elwood hotel.  Shortly after her arrival there Hoxie joined her and also registered at the same house.  This was on March 29.  The girl told her parents she was going to Milwaukee and was apparently in good health when she left her home.  Hoxie afterwards changed hotels but remained in New London until Sunday night when he took the girl to Oshkosh.  During their stay in New London, Miss Kluth’s condition became exceedingly grave and upon arrival at Oshkosh application was made for admission to Dr. B.G. Gudden’s hospital.

It was there learned that the girl was suffering from blood poisoning brought on by a criminal operation.  She was beyond medical aid and died the following day.  Before her death she made a sworn statement stating that Hoxie was the author of her ruin and that Dr. Dawley had performed an operation upon her.

The body was returned to Clintonville where a coroner’s inquest found that death had been due to causes assigned by the hospital physician.  Warrants were at once prepared for the arrest of Hoxie and Dawley, but while yet in Oshkosh, doubtless suspecting the outcome of the coroner’s investigation, the couple made preparations to flee and both had a good start before the sheriff had the warrants for their apprehension.

Hoxie’s past reputation has not been an enviable one.  As an attorney he was disbarred for two years on account of complicity in the famous Goldberg district attorney deals, and his reputation both professionally and morally is questionable.  Dr. Dawley boarded at the Elwood hotel at New London and upon Miss Kluth’s arrival there she was shown at once to a room, where Dr. Dawley attended her for a supposed illness.  On the following Sunday the physician stated that the girl must be removed to a hospital and she was taken on a cot Sunday evening to the depot enroute to Oshkosh.

Upon leaving Oshkosh Dawley said he was going to New York State to attend a brother who was critically ill.  Neither he nor Hoxie has ventured back to their home town, though the latter is said to have stopped a while at Gillett in his flight from Oshkosh.


Shawano County Journal

3 May 1906

Dawley to Return and Face Charges

Doctor Charged with Complicity in Causing Girl’s Death, Denies His Guilt

Is Amazed At the Accusation

In a Telegram from Mexico He Declares His Intention of Coming Back to Prove Innocence—Hoxie Still Missing

Expressing surprise that he has been charged with complicity in causing the death of Miss Lena Kluth, the Clintonville girl who died a few weeks ago as the results of a criminal operation, Dr. G.T. Dawley, the New London physician, whom, it is alleged, the dead girl declared in an ante-mortem statement performed the operation upon her, sends words from Mexico that he is coming back to prove his innocence.

A telegram dated at Parral, Mexico, April 26, and addressed to the New London Press, reads as follows:

“Just heard of charges preferred.  Am Amazed.  Will come and demonstrate innocence at earliest possible date.”

Further concerning the case the Press says:

“It will be remembered that at the time of Dr. Dawley’s sudden disappearance it was given out that he was called to Ogdensburg, NY to attend a sick brother.  As to the health of the sick brother, or to the change of address from New York to old Mexico the telegram is silent, but this will probably be explained at the same time that numerous other heretofore puzzling events of the past few weeks are rendered more vivid.

“No word has yet been received of the whereabouts of George Hoxie.  A report current here a week ago that he has been found in Indiana is denied by the authorities on the case.”

It is the opinion of many that Dawley’s telegram is a bluff and that he has no intention of returning.



10 May 1906


Hoxie Took His Time in Making His Flight

Fugitive Was Seen in Rhinelander, Where He is Believed to have Taken Train for the West 

Says the Clintonville Tribune:  While visiting with his parents in this city last week, Frank L. Fischer a former resident here but now employed on the Soo railroad, stated that he saw George Hoxie while at the depot in Rhinelander on Friday evening, April 20.  The west bound train had been delayed by a week and Hoxie was evidently a passenger on that train and bound for the “wild and wooly.”  This goes to show that Hoxie was in this locality for about a week after the warrant for his arrest had been issued and was probably playing a game of hide and seek with Sheriff Hess.  It is hoped that he will be rounded up.  Some are of the opinion that the affair is going to be allowed to drift over, and nothing ever done because of the prominence and influence of friends behind Hoxie and Dawley, but people of this locality are almost a unit in demanding that justice be meted out to these men and will probably force matters if necessary.



14 Jun 1906

Held for Murder 

Gus Cecil, charged with the murder of Roy Guthrie, at Oconto, had his preliminary examination before Judge Jones and was bound over to the circuit court.  He was placed under $7,500 bonds, which was furnished.  He was thereupon released and is again attending to his duties as superintendent of the Holt Lumber company.



18 June 1906

Arrested for Killing an Indian

Deputy W. S. Marshal Glantz of Milwaukee was in town yesterday and arrested Mitchel Kakawitch on the charge of killing Louie Moshoquit a few weekends ago on the reservation.  The Marshal also took the two Indian girls to Milwaukee who were charged with setting fire to the Indian school.



20 Jun 1907


Joseph Pyavisit, who is in the county jail on charges of man slaughter, is taking life as easy as possible under the circumstances.  He would not regain his liberty if offered the opportunity.  He draws a pension of $40 per month owing to his loss of an arm in the civil war.


Shawano County Journal

21 June 1906

Hoxie Surrenders to the Authorities

Fugitive Accused of Complicity in Causing Death of Lena Kluth Returns

Dr. Dawley Also Comes Back

Both Men are Taken Before Justice Where they are Placed Under Bond for Hearing June 26 and 27—Hoxie Sick

A big surprise was sprung in Clintonville when George Hoxie, who disappeared several weeks ago, following the death of Lena Kluth, of Clintonville, returned to that city and surrendered himself to the authorities.  Dr. G. T. Dawley, of New London, who also skipped to evade arrest in connection with the girl’s death, gave himself up to the officers soon after Hoxie’s surrender and both expressed their readiness for trial.  Concerning the case the Clintonville Tribune says:

“The details of the death of Lena Kluth have all been told as well as the disappearance of the men charged with the crime.  Since the rendering of the verdict of the coroner’s jury, Sheriff Hess has been conducting a vigilant search for the fugitives from justice and he tells us he had at last located Hoxie in Detroit, Mich., where he was being harbored by Benj. Goldberg’s wife’s people.  On Monday Sheriff Hess went to Milwaukee intending to go on to Detroit and arrest Hoxie, but he met Goldberg there and an agreement was made whereby Hoxie came to Milwaukee, surrendered himself and was immediately placed under arrest. 

“District Attorney Martin was notified and he arrived in the city a short time before the 9:30 a.m. train and Hoxie was at once arraigned before Justice James McNeil.  Attorney P.H. Martin of Green Bay represented the defendant and a change of venue was taken to Justice John Quinn’s court, where by mutual consent the hearing was continued until June 27 and Hoxie’s bond was placed at $2,000, L.M. Goldberg of Marion acting as surety.

Hoxie looks decidedly pale and worried and has lost much in flesh since his sudden leave taking him from Clintonville.  He has been sick for some time.  It is said that every endeavor will be made to secure his discharge at the preliminary hearing, but District Attorney Martin is emphatic in his declaration that he will bind him over for trial at the circuit court.”

According to the Tribune Dr. Dawley’s surrender caused about as much surprise as that of Hoxie.  He telephoned to the district attorney that he was in New London, and ready for a hearing.  Sheriff Hess and Deputy Monty went down on the afternoon train, placed him under arrest and brought him to Clintonville the same evening and he was given his hearing before Justice James McNeil.  He was also represented by Mr. Martin, of Green Bay, and the case continued to June 26.  Bail was fixed at $2,500 and was furnished by A.C. Hermann.

Dawley has been basking in the suns of Old Mexico since quitting the north and was located at Parfall, but left there before the officers had got to him.  He came to Chicago, and on Wednesday night arrived in New London.


Shawano County Journal

27 June 1907


Oconto Man Acquitted

Green Bay, Wis., June 18.—The jury in the Cecil murder trial returned at 2 o’clock a verdict of not guilty.  A. J. Cecil was held for the murder of Roy Guthrie at Oconto, on the evening of May 31, 1906, in the yard of the Holt Lumber Company.  Cecil was foreman of the mill and stepped up on the night in question to witness a fistie encounter between two mill hands.  Guthrie was a spectator also and Cecil is said to have remarked that the fight should be stopped.

Roy replied, “Let it go on” only, to be struck over the head by a club in the hands of Cecil.  The blow felled the youth, but he arose and staggered toward the foreman.  Another blow hit him squarely on the head and he died from the effects the next day.  The post-mortem examination showed that a bone had been broken and a piece of it entered the brain.


Shawano County Journal

5 July 1906

Dawley Is Acquitted but Later Rearrested

Also is George Hoxie Compelled To Answer To Court Commissioner for Alleged Crime?

Feeling over Justice’s Action

Clintonville underwent a sensation last week because of a threatened riot brought about through the discharge of Dr. George T. Dawley before Justice John Quinn, charged with performing a criminal operation which is alleged to have caused the death of Lena Kluth.  The case has kept Clintonville in the throes of expectancy since the coroner’s jury rendered the verdict holding Dawley and Hoxie to answer to the court for the death of the girl.  Thus, when Dr. Dawley was acquitted there were a number who didn’t like the aspect of things and threats were made by the more excitable classes which were not to the liking of the suspected physician.

But the fact that Dr. Dawley was released by the Clintonville magistrate did not relieve him from further obligation to the courts, because he was rearrested Saturday before Court Commissioner C.A. Holmes of New London.  Hoxie, who is accused of having been the cause of the girl’s predicament and whose hearing before Justice Quinn was to have followed Dawley’s was also discharged on motion of District Attorney W.N. Martin, of Manawa, and was rearrested before the court commissioner. 

The complaints are substantially the same as the originally drawn, alleging manslaughter.  The hearings have been set for July 23.



Shawano County Journal

10 July 1906


Indian Murdered In Drunken Fight

Lorin Aaron, a Stockbridge, the Victim of a Most Cowardly and Brutal Assault

Unable to Protect Himself

Squaw and Four Young Bucks Kick and Beat Helpless Man, Leaving Him in Road Where He is Found Dying

Beaten into insensibility by a gang of drunken companions, Lorin Aaron, a Stockbridge Indian, 46 years of age, was picked up by a searching party Sunday evening on a road near Red Springs and carried to his home where he died Sunday evening without regaining consciousness.

With a goodly supply of whiskey, Lorin and several other Indians, including a Squaw, indulged in a big carousal Friday night and became badly intoxicated.  Half crazed from the effects of the liquor the young bucks began to abuse Lorin and finally the squaw took part in the trouble.  Aaron was almost helplessly drunk and wholly unable to protect himself.  He begged his assailants desist in their abuse, but they refused to do so and continued their attack.  

After having been several times knocked down by his tormentors, Aaron started to run, but was pursued by both the bucks and squaw.  Because of his drunken condition he was not able to make rapid headway and his pursuers found fiendish delight in landing repeated blow upon their victim and tripping him to the ground.  One of the blows received by the helpless man finally laid him prostate while the frenzied woman helped her young companions stood kicking and pounding him, a sober Indian appeared on the scene and stopped the cowardly assault.  The assailants then left their victim, and rescuer believing that Aaron would be able to get home as soon as he slept off his drunken stupor, did not try to rouse him.  This is the reason he was not found until Saturday

Dr. J.B. Gordon, of this city, and Dr. O.L. Sapper, of Gresham, held a post mortem examination Tuesday and found that Aaron had died from a hemorrhage at the base of the brain.  It was terribly bruised about the head and his face badly cut, though it is the opinion of Dr. Gordon that had he been given medical attention immediately following the assault he would have survived.

The physicians made out a report of their findings and submitted the same to a coroner’s jury which was immediately impaneled.  All of yesterday the jury was in session, carefully silting down every detail of the case.  A telephone message received by the journal from Gresham last night stated that the jury would probably be in session all of today. There was a number of Indians involved in the bloody fracas and it is the general belief that the jury’s verdict will result in wholesale arrests on the charge of murder.

Relatives of Aaron came to Shawano on Tuesday evening and secured a coffin.  Trouble was experienced in securing a preacher to conduct the funeral services and the burial was thus delayed.

Aaron was a divorced man and had three children, the eldest being 17 years of age.  The Stockbridge are much wrought up over the murder, and the dead man was well known and had many friends.



12 July 1906

Indian Killed At Red Springs

Lon Aaron is Pounded in a Row and Dies from Injuries Received Last Week

Last week at Red Springs on the Stockbridge reservation they celebrated the 4th, and had a glorious old time.  They had a dance at a house on Friday.  From the stories we have heard, it ended in a row, or a number pitching on one Indian, Lon Aaron.

It is said that three boys and one squaw were fighting and following him to the landing when another party told them to leave him alone.  After they had pounded him awhile, they left him.  The next morning he was found near the landing, and was senseless, and remained in that condition until Monday afternoon when he died.

A postmortem examination was held Tuesday morning by Dr. Sapper of Gresham and Dr. Gordon of this city. They found that death was caused by a hemorrhage, which was caused by injuries received.  We understand that the parties are known and that two of them have skipped.  As the fight occurred on the U. S. Indian Reservation, the government will prosecute the parties, which will no doubt be pushed to the fullest extent of the law.



Shawano County Journal

16 Aug 1906

Charles Doxtator and Ike Mohawk Bound Over to Grand Jury by Commissioner Dillett---Sensational Testimony

Held to the United States grand jury on the charges of manslaughter, Charles Doxtator and Ike Mohawk, both Stockbridge Indians residing at Gresham, were on Monday afternoon placed under $500 bond each to answer for alleged complicity in causing the death of Lorin Aaron who was murdered near Red Springs on the night of July 6.  Hiram Doxtator and Dick Bowman-Aaron, young boys who were arrested last week, were released from custody. 

The hearing of the accused Indians were held at the court house Monday before Court Commissioner C. F. Dillett and took up the entire day.  United States District Attorney E. J. Henning, of Milwaukee, appeared for the prosecution, while Attorney M. G. Eberlein represented Charles Doxtator and Attorney Paul Winter the boys and Mohawk.  The following witnesses were examined:  Caroline Stick, Matilda Sears, Sam Bowman, Wm. Archiquette, Sallie Archiquette, Rachael Close, Zera Gardner, Nick Marx, Herman C. Hohn, Mason Tousey, all of Gresham, and Dr. J. B. Gordon of this city.  Henry Jourdon acted as interpreter.

Much of the evidence was the same as given before the coroner’s jury which investigated Aaron’s death at Red Springs, through the testimony of Matilda Sears was damaging in the extreme against Charles Doxtator.  The woman swore that Doxtator tried to bribe her into swearing that the two accused boys alone killed Aaron.  She stated that Doxtator told her that in case the boys were found guilty the penalty would mean only a short term in the reformatory, whereas if he were made to suffer for the crime he would go to the penitentiary for life.  The woman swore that Doxtator promised to support her if she would swear falsely.

It was also shown by the evidence that Doxtator tried to collect a small account from Aaron which was due for the hire of a rig from Doxtator’s livery barn in Gresham.  Aaron had money and offered to pay the bill at the home of Caroline Stick, where the trouble first started, but Doxtator could not make change and the account was not settled.  Mrs. Sears swore that Doxtator made the threat that if the money was not paid he would take satisfaction out of Aaron’s hide.  

When Aaron staggered out of Mrs. Stick’s house he was followed by Doxtator, so the evidence showed, and Ike Mohawk also went in pursuit.  Mrs. Sears was staying at the home of Mrs. Stick on the night of the murder and saw Doxtator early the next morning.  She asked about Aaron and Doxtator, with a guilty expression, told her he was still lying helplessly drunk in the road where he had fallen the night previous.  Upon Mohawk’s return from the spot where Aaron lay, he made the remark, “We fixed him—he’s got enough.”

Mrs. Sears gave her evidence in a straightforward manner, and despite the fact she is a niece of Doxtator, she faced him squarely in court and gave the damaging testimony against him that made him tremble with fear.  The night prior to the murder, most of the Indians who participated in or witnessed the trouble had been to Gresham and became beastly intoxicated.  Mrs. Sears was not with the crowd and was the most sober one in the home of Caroline Stick when the fight was precipitated.  Because of this fact her account of the affray was by far the most clear and intelligent of the whole list of witnesses.

At the conclusion of the testimony Court Commissioner Dillett discharged the accused boys, as there was no evidence strong enough to convince him of their guilt.  Doxtator and Mohawk were placed under bond of $500 each, and as they could not give sufficient security, both were lodged in the county jail to await the meeting of the United States grand jury which will meet in Milwaukee next September.  

Readers of the Journal are fully familiar with the facts leading up to the murder of Aaron.  A party of Indians, as a finish to a Fourth of July debauch, gathered at the home of Caroline Stick on the Friday night following to drink the contents of a keg of beer.  While the carousal was at its height, Aaron attempted to take indecent privileges with a woman named Quinney, who lay on a bed helplessly drunk.  This started a general row and the murder was the outcome.

Doxtator is the proprietor of a livery barn at Gresham and is a man of considerable influence among the people of his race.  He has hitherto borne a good reputation though he has the one bad fault of having an insatiable liking for the white man’s fire water.  Mohawk also thinks well of the cheering bowl.  He owns no property.


Shawano County Journal

20 Sept 1906

John Roth Residing in Town of Birnamwood Meets Terrible Fate While Attempting to Blow up His Family with Dynamite

Crazed by liquor and harboring the devilish desire to destroy his wife and children, John Roth, a well known resident of the town of Birnamwood was shot and fatally wounded by his son, Edward, Wednesday night of last week.  The details of the dreadful affair are given in the Wittenberg Enterprise as follows:

“Roth, Sr. had spent the greater part of Wednesday afternoon at the saloon in the new town which is building in the southeastern corner of the town of Birnamwood.  There he had drank a heavy load of intoxicants and was ripe for trouble when he wended his unsteady way home in the evening.  Arriving at the house he is said to have straightway announce his intention of blowing all his possessions, his family included, to Kingdom come with dynamite, of which explosive he had in abundance in his barn.  His antics gave Mrs. Roth and the children a terrible freight.  He first turned his live stock out of his barn, remarking as he did so that they might come handy to him later.  Then he sought out the dynamite.  At that stage of the proceedings the family fled across the fields to the home of Mr. and Mrs. Albert Schmidt.  Roth proceeded to carry out his threat and set off a half dozen charges of dynamite in close proximity of his house.  The explosions shattered all the windows and did other damage.  The family failing to come out, the crazy-drunk man tumbled to the fact that they had fled and not knowing whether they had gone, he went in pursuit.  His packets were filled with cartridges and caps and he had a great coil of fuse on his arm.  He carried a lantern to light his way.

“As he was crossing the road in his arrival at the Schmidt house, young Edward, standing in the yard with loaded shotgun, fired and Roth fell and lay quiet.  Thinking that the shot had killed, the Roth boy set out to summon Mr. Schmidt, who was in the Railway construction camp several miles away.

“Upon Schmidt’s arrival it was discovered that Roth was only badly wounded.  He was carried into Schmidt’s house and a neighbor was sent for Dr. Rothman.  His examination showed that the charge of bird shot had entered his right breast near the shoulder.”

At the time the Wittenberg paper had printed it was thought Roth’s injuries were not dangerous.  The charge from the gun, however, had penetrated to a deeper depth than at first supposed and the injured man’s death occurred Friday morning.  He was buried Sunday.

The boy who did the shooting was arraigned before Justice Buck at Wittenberg Thursday afternoon, but was acquitted on the grounds of self defense.  However, when Roth’s death occurred the boy was re-arrested.  He waived a hearing and was brought to the county jail.

It is the settled opinion of all familiar with the circumstances of the shooting that the boy had no alternative when he fired the fatal charge.  His mother, sisters and brothers, as well as himself were half crazed from fright.  While under the influence of liquor the elder Roth has always been known as a bad and dangerous man and had he not been deterred from carrying out his devilish purpose there is every reason to believe he would have killed his entire family.

Sympathy is with the boy and it is almost a certainty he will be acquitted when his case comes to trial.  He is about 18 years of age.


Shawano County Journal

27 Sept 1906

Threatened To Kill His Divorced Wife

Carl Berndt, Residing in Town of Hartland, Landed in Jail, on Serious Charge


Charged with having threatened to kill his wife, Carl Berndt, a farmer, residing in the town of Hartland, was on Monday evening landed in the county jail to await a hearing which will be held tomorrow before Justice Bold.  Constable Meyers, of the town of Wescott, arrested Berndt on a warrant sworn out by Mrs. Berndt.

About a year ago Mrs. Berndt secured a divorce from her husband.  An agreement was reached whereby the woman held the farm on which the couple had resided and her husband received $500 in cash.  Being given to bibulous habits, Berndt, it is said, spent all of his money for liquor, and since separating from his wife he has led a wild and unhappy life.

With the last few dollars of the amount he had received as his stipend in the divorce action Berndt purchased a revolver and since the second day of September, Mrs. Berndt alleges, he has been skulking about her premises with the evident intention of shooting her.  The woman, in making the charges against her husband, swore that he threatened to kill her and for this reason she sought to have him apprehended.

Upon reaching the Berndt farm, Constable Myers, in company with Mrs. Berndt’s son, went to the barn where they found Berndt in hiding.  Picking up a big stick of wood Berndt attempted to strike his son, but was overpowered by the constable and placed under arrest.  He was brought at once to this city and arraigned before Justice Bold, who adjourned the case until Friday to enable the witnesses to be present.  The prisoner made no request to be given his liberty on bond, stating that his money was gone and that he had no friends to whom to look for aid.

It was learned by the constable while in Hartland that Berndt pawned his revolver at a saloon a few days ago.  It was thought his craving for liquor caused him to give up the weapon.  The money being gone he had no other way of purchasing drinks.

Shortly after the divorce action, which separated Berndt from his wife a proceeding of lunacy was entered against him.  He was discharged, however, as it was found that his mind had only been temporary affected as the outcome of over-indulgence in intoxicants.   It is said that prior to the divorce case the unhappy man was sent to jail for threatening to kill his wife.

Berndt is said to be an industrious and well-liked man when sober.  Drink has been his downfall and the remorse which overtook him when his wife secured her divorce has led the man to become desperate.


Shawano County journal

27 Sept 1906

Boy Acted Hastily In Shooting Father

Such is the Opinion of District Attorney Werner With Reference to Edward Roth’s Case

After a thorough investigation of the shooting several days ago of John Roth, in the town of Birnamwood, by his son Edward, District Attorney Werner is inclined to believe that the boy who fired the fatal charge did so with undue haste and without justification.  Even the boy’s mother admits he acted too hastily and feels that he is deserving of punishment.

In an interview with Mrs. Roth the district attorney learned that when the boy discharged the gun his father was many rods from the house in which the family was seeking refuge.  The man was staggering from the effects of liquor, but stopped as he saw his boy standing in the yard.

Young Roth raised the weapon and shouted; “If you come any farther I’ll shoot!”

“Shoot!” replied the drunken man, as he stood helpless in the road, whereupon the boy pulled the trigger of the gun and his father fell to the ground.  A puddle of mud was at his side and the wounded man rolled into it.  The shooting occurred at about 10 o’clock at night and not until 4 o’clock the following morning did assistance reach the wounded man.

It is claimed by young Roth that he did not intend to shoot his father.  He declares he only meant to shoot close in order to frighten him.  Mr. Werner is inclined to believe the boy’s statements.  The lad was badly frightened and also so excited he probably did not fully realize what he was doing.

Mrs. Roth says her husband once before shot off dynamite near the house in order to frighten her.  She does not believe, however, that on the night he was shot he meant to kill his family.

Mr. Werner has eleven sticks of dynamite and the caps and fuse which were found in Roth’s pockets when he was picked up in the road.  He also has the gun which caused the man’s death.

Being charged with murder, young Roth cannot be released on bail.  It is probable he will get a light sentence to the reformatory.


Shawano County Journal

25 Oct 1906

Release by Judge Goodland of Edward Roth Brings Gladness to Lad and Mother

Concerning the acquittal by Judge Goodland in court at Appleton of Edward Roth, who killed his father in the town of Birnamwood, the Appleton Crescent last week said:

“Her husband having been murdered by her son but a month ago, the cup of sorrow of Mrs. Roth of Eland Junction was overflowing when she attended circuit court here Saturday afternoon, for she expected that her son, the only support she had, would be sentenced to the state penitentiary for murder.  It would be hard to express her joy when her son, an accused murderer, rushed to his mother and told her he had been given his freedom by Judge Goodland.

“The woman’s husband was a degenerate and going home about a month ago while on one of his frequent drunks, he endeavored to not only blow up his home with dynamite but the members of his family as well.  He was a most dangerous man whenever he became drunk and his wife and children were terrified when he threatened to set off a large charge of dynamite.

“The oldest son, Edward Roth, aged 17 years grabbed a gun loaded with bird shot when his father entered the house and told him if he did not leave the premises he would shoot him.  In his drunken rage the elder Roth paid no heed to the warning and advanced making ready to blow up the house and kill his family.  Young Roth, realizing that he must prevent the terrible catastrophe, fired at his father intending only to wound him.  The son was soon arrested and was held in jail at Shawano during the last few weeks, awaiting a hearing, charged with the murder of his father.  He was brought before Judge John Goodland Saturday afternoon.  The district attorney of Shawano County did not inform the mother that he would attempt to have the boy discharged, not wishing to kindle her hopes.  He filed no information in the case against young Roth and the defendant’s attorney argued to the court that the act was done in self defense.  The motion of the district attorney to the effect that he be allowed to file no information was granted by Judge John Goodland and the boy was given his freedom.

“The Roth boy awaited the decision of the court in a cell in the county jail.  He faced the probability of going to state prison for a long term, and was overcome with joy when the sheriff, who brought him to this city, asked him if he would like to go home with his mother.  He could only ring the officer’s hand.  The meeting between mother and son was indeed touching to say the least.  Mrs. Roth awaited him in one of the offices in the court house after the decision of the court.  With a cry of “My son, oh, my son,” she folded the boy to her breast and for several minutes neither was able to speak.

“It was a case of homicide, pure and simple, bur a justifiable one, however.  The sheriff of Shawano County who brought the lad here said that the father who was shot was a degenerate, whom the members of the family feared, he having threatened to kill them many times.

“Mrs. Roth and her son returned to their home at Eland Junction Saturday night and although mourning the loss of their father and husband, suffice to say they journeyed homeward with a feeling of ‘joy and gladness in their hearts.”




13 Jun 1907


Murdered Last Friday Evening

Indian Stabbed to Death Near Whitehouse Corner on Keshena Road


An Indian named Mitchell Shawanessy, about 53 years of age, was murdered last Friday evening at Whitehouse Corner on the road to Keshena, and about three miles from town.

It is a decided mix-up affair and very little is known concerning it. Friday evening Jos. Pyavasit Sr. and wife and Mitchell Shawanessy and wife left Shawano at about four. They were in a two seated platform wagon and all were somewhat intoxicated. They got as far as the Whitehouse corner, which seems to be quite a stopping place for some of them when they have been drinking, They were seen by a number of people, and some Indians endeavored to get them to go home. It is supposed that they got into a row and one of the three stabbed Shawanessy near the heart, killing him instantly. He has had considerable trouble with his wife and the other squaw who was their adopted daughter. As all were more or less drunk they do not seem to know how the deed happened. His wife walked home, which is about three miles from where the fight occurred. She got there at about midnight and left again early in the morning with the team, which had wondered home. On her way back to the scene of the trouble she met the other two and they all went back and put the body in the wagon and took it to his home. When they arrived there a doctor was called and in making his examination the squaw objected to his opening the shirt of the dead man, knowing that the cause of the death would be known.


As soon as it was learned that an Indian had been murdered Mr. Freeman, the superintendent, phoned Dist. Attorney Werner as to the county's jurisdiction. He was informed that it would come under the state place to prosecute the case and Mr., Werner asked Mr. Freeman to arrest the Indian. This was done on Saturday and he was brought to Shawano Monday afternoon and the examination was held before Justice O Andrews, The testimony showed that very little could be learned concerning the case. As the accused is a one armed old veteran he carried a knife in his stocking, and it was found there covered blood. Neither of the Indians can talk English very good. Justice Andrews decided that while the evidence was all circumstantial, it was enough to hold the defendant, so he was committed to the county jail to await the next term of court, which is next December. It is said that bail may be arranged for him. Wallrich, Dillett & Larson appeared for the defendant and Dist. Atty. Werner for the state.


Shawano County Journal

13 Jun 1907

Held for Murder

Joseph Pyavasit Arrested Under Serious Charge

Knifed Through Heart

Mitchell Shawanessy, Another Keshena Indian, the Victim


Friday night, Mitchell Shawanessy, a resident of the reservation  and a member of the Menominee tribe, was killed by being stabbed through the heart with a knife.

At a preliminary examination before Justice Orlin Andrews Monday afternoon Joseph Pyavasit, another member of the tribe, was held for trial. strong circumstantial evidence being produced against him.

At the examination James Tourtillott, the official  Keshena interpreter, was sworn for that duty and the first witness examined was the wife of the murdered man. Her story was that the two men, herself and Agnes Pyavasit, the wife of the accused man, who is her sister, but being raised by Shawanessy and wife was called daughter and so regarded by those who knew her, had all been to Shawano, On the return trip to Keshena they were drinking and at Whitehouse corners, got out of the rig and drank more whiskey. When she recovered from the effect of the liquor she walked on home but did not know until she reached home and enquired of her father that the others were not home. She retraced her steps, first meeting Agnes and Pyavasit. Their little dog coming out of the brush led them to the body of Shawanessy. He was found in a sitting posture, bent forward. She felt of his pulse and Pyavasit approached, asked what was the trouble and uttered an exclamation of surprise.

They dragged the body out to the wagon, rolled it in a blanket and the three lifted it into the wagon. On the way home Joe said "I can't see why when I am with any one such things happen."

At the home the body was placed on the bed, she removed the shoes and the reservation physician sent for. A. S. Larson, who appeared for the defense, secured the following testimony on the cross examination. The time of the crime was about sun set. That none of the goods in the wagon had been touched, her husband had no knife, and the men had never quarreled, but had on the contrary, always been good friends.

She stated that her husband was born the next day after the Menominee tribe was brought to the reservation, which was in 1853. Her husband was a much smaller man then Pyavasit.


Williams, the Keshena jailor, was sworn and testified to searching his prisoner and finding the knife and bloody hankerchief, which are the largest part of evidence against the accused man. The knife was found concealed inside his stocking, just above the shoe top.


Dr L W White, the reservation physician, testified that he was called by Mrs. Shawanessy and found the body on the bed as stated in her testimony. When he wished to examine the body both of the women objected, and expressed surprise at the knife wound he found. He at once went after the superintendent of the reservation, Shepard Freeman. The knife had entered between the fourth and fifth rib and had cut out off the blood supply to the lungs by passing through the top of the heart.


The doctor also testified that the nature of the wound was such as to preclude the possibility of its having been self0inflicted or the results of an accident, and that the depth of the wound corresponded to the length of the knife blade that was found in the possession of the defendant when he was searched. The blade of the knife had entered parallel to the ribs, cutting edge out and at angle of 45 degrees.


Superintendent Freeman testified that Pyavasit had never been in trouble before and had always borne a good reputation. He is 72 years of age and his wife Agnes is 19. He is a veteran of the 80th Wisconsin (37th), and lost an arm in the civil war. Both the two men and the two women had just returned from the state G. A. R. reunion at Oshkosh.


The charge against Pyavasit will be man slaughter in a mild degree.



Shawano County Journal

1 Aug 1907


The proprietor of the “blind pig” where the murder of Thomas Clagg took place has been placed under arrest and several Indians are held as witnesses.





22 Aug 1907

John Waupoose Is Dead

A special from Waupun to the daily papers says:  John Waupoose, an Indian from the Shawano reservation, serving a life sentence at the state penitentiary for a statutory offense, is dead.

Waupoose had been sentenced to execution by hanging by the court for the Eastern district of Wisconsin, and the sentence was afterward commuted by the president to life imprisonment at the state prison.  He was the last federal prisoner confined at the state prison, all federal prisoners now being sent to the United States penitentiary at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.  He was well known to many in Shawano.


Shawano County Journal

22 Aug 1907

Dies In State Prison

The body of John Waupoose, a Menominee Indian, arrived at Shawano last Thursday and was immediately taken to Keshena for burial, the funeral occurring Saturday forenoon from the Catholic Church.  Waupoose is supposed to have died last Wednesday in the state prison, where he was serving a life sentence.  About eighteen years ago he was sentenced to be hung by a U.S. Judge for an unmentionable crime, the president changing it to life imprisonment.  Many of his friends believed him innocent of the crime and at times took steps to ask for a pardon, but for some reason never carried out their plans.  The hope that he would ultimately be set free was the only thing that buoyed Waupoose up during his long confinement.  He became much liked and trusted by the prison officers and employees, acting as one of the cooks for many years.  He leaves a wife, four sons and three daughters, they being residents of Keshena.  It is said John Waupoose was always a very devout Christian.



25 July 1907

Murdered At White Lake by Indians

A special from Antigo to the daily papers says:  Thomas Clag was found dead near White Lake with his skull badly crushed.  Four Indians who had been drinking with Clag are held, pending inquiry.  Clag was employed as a dynamiter by M. J. Pepper Construction Company.  Mike and Tim Coughlin who lived with Clag, in a shanty have disappeared.

Word was sent to this city by J. R. Clark, head contractor for the M. G. Pepper Company, and Monday afternoon District Attorney Henry hay, with the sheriff, coroner and undertaker left for the scene of the murder.

The facts at hand indicate that the man was murdered by the four Indians with whom he had been carousing.  Neighbors in the vicinity say that the Coughlin brothers ran a blind pig.  They reported that Sunday there was considerable noise at the shanty and that there must have been a hilarious time inside.  It is well known that Clag and the two Coughlins and the four Indians were inside the shanty Sunday evening.  In the morning the Coughlins had disappeared.  A posse in now scouring the country for the Coughlins, who it is thought, are hiding somewhere near the vicinity.

Clag was about 42 years old and was not married.




Shawano County Journal

10 Oct 1907

Mrs. William Burr Wounded by Her Divorced Husband

Mrs. William Burr was shot and seriously wounded by her divorced husband at Gresham at 6:30 o’clock Monday evening.  The ball entered the woman’s back, passed through her body and came out near the lower rib on the right side.  Her chance for recovery is good.  William Burr, who did the shooting, made no effort to escape.  Witnesses of the affair took away from him the 38 caliber revolver he had used, and at 10:30 he was in the custody of Sheriff Wilson, who, accompanied by Dr. Ragan, drove to Gresham from this city.

The prisoner was brought to Shawano and lodged in the county jail.  At eleven o’clock Tuesday forenoon he was taken before Justice O. Andrews to answer to the charge of assault with intent to kill.  Eberlein & Eberlein appeared for the prisoner and District Attorney Werner for the state.  Because of the uncertainty of the woman’s health, the hearing was adjourned to Friday, the 18th of October.  The amount of the bond was fixed at $5,000.  In default of bail the prisoner was returned to jail.

Mr. and Mrs. Burr were married twenty two years ago, and have long lived on a farm near Gresham.  She is a half-breed member of the Stockbridge tribe, he is a white man.  They have six children, all of whom except the oldest son live at home on the farm.  Last June Mrs. Burr secured a divorce from her husband on the ground of cruel and inhuman treatment and drunkenness, and was given the custody of the children.  The property was in her name.

Burr went to live in Beaver Dam early in the summer, but later returned to this vicinity (in July, he says) and for several weeks past he has been at Gresham and has called occasionally at the farm, remaining there some times two or three days to see the children, to help with the crops and to “fix up things,” according to his story told to a Journal reporter at the county jail.  Several weeks ago he called upon Dreier & Winter, Shawano Lawyers, to be advised to the possibility of reopening the divorce proceedings.  This step toward reconciliation may not have been made with the woman’s knowledge and consent, but it is reported that a remarriage was in prospect until outsiders interfered to spoil the plan.

Burr was at the farm on Monday and accompanied the woman to town.  At Gresham, he says, she commenced drinking in the saloons against his protest, and refused several times to go back to the farm with him.  His story is that she coupled such refusals with language abusive of him.  These things, he says, together with evil reports that had come to him regarding the woman’s behavior during his absence at Beaver Dam, led directly to the shooting.  He says he fired but one shot, others claim that two were fired.  The revolver that he surrendered to the sheriff had one empty chamber, one exploded shell and three loaded ones, one of the latter being between the empty chamber and the empty shell.  Burr’s account of just what he did at the time of the shooting and immediately thereafter is somewhat hazy.



10 Oct 1907

Wm. Burr Shoots Divorced Wife

Wm. Burr shot his divorced wife at Gresham Monday evening at about 6:30 o’clock.  The facts as we have been able to learn of them are that Mrs. Burr had been around town considerable that day and he wanted her to go home and attend to the children.  They were in a saloon and he followed her out and he shot her while near Nick Marx’s place.  The bullet struck her in the back and Dr. Ragan took it out of her breast.  He used a thirty eight caliber revolver.  Last March Mrs. Burr was granted a divorce from her husband and was given custody of the children, there being six, the oldest 20 years old and the youngest 5 tears.  It is said that they had not got along well together and she had been leading a fast life and did not give proper care to the children, which he did not like.  Other men were paying her attention and it is claimed that he shot her while insanely jealous.

Sheriff Wilson was at once summoned and found Burr at Gresham and brought him to Shawano and placed him in the county jail.  The examination was held before Justice Andrews Tuesday morning at 11 o’clock, but as the victim was in a serious condition it was thought best to postponed the same for ten days to await developments and to see whether she lives or dies, which will put a different phase on the matter.

Mr. and Mrs. Burr were married on the 19th day of June, 1886, and the divorce proceedings claim that they have had trouble the past five years.  She has Stockbridge Indian blood and he is white.



14 Nov 1907

Brutal Murder of Indian near Phlox

The body of Peter Wawascum, a Menominee Indian, was found in the river at the north end of the reservation near Phlox, one day last week.  His breast was crushed and his head chopped, so it was plainly seen that he was murdered.  The deceased was policeman for a number of years and was very well liked.  There is no clue whatever who did the deed and the purpose is not known.  The authorities at Keshena have the matter in charge and will do what they can to bring the guilty parties to justice.



21 Nov 1907


In the shooting case at Stiles, reported in this paper was week, the coroner’s jury brought in a verdict exonerating this boy, Louis Vandenbuch, who killed Frank Moes in defense of his brother.



22 Nov 1907 

Murdered Indian

Pete Wawaskin, a well know Indian of the Menominee reservation was murdered about a week ago.  Last Friday the body was found in a creek near the west branch of the Wolf River, not far from the place known as the Indian dancing ground.  Peter was killed in a most approved old time Indian style.  He was chopped to death with a hatchet, the body carrying no less than sixteen gaping wounds that had been inflicted with that deadly weapon.  The remains were discovered in the creek by a party of Indians who noticed blood and other signs of struggle in the road, and who followed the trail along which the dead man had been dragged to the water.  The body was taken to Crow settlement where Wawaskum had made his home.--Shawano Journal



Shawano County Journal

28 Nov 1907

Murdered at Antigo

At Antigo last Sunday Wenzel Wanninger, a saloon keeper, was shot and killed by a Swede lumberjack named Ole Jacobson.  The later, with two companions, was drinking in Wanninger’s saloon, when they became involved in a quarrel over payment.  The Swede pulled his gun commenced shooting at Wanninger, who fled into the Windsor hotel, while his bartender ran out the rear door.  The fourth shot was fatal, the saloon keeper falling in the lobby of the hotel.



21 Jan 1909

James Williams, an Oneida Indian, aged 45, was found dead in his cabin on the reservation near Seymour Sunday.  It is said that the Indian was murdered as he had sold a number of head of cattle Saturday and was believed to have a considerable sum of money on his person.



11 Mar 1909


Farmer Shot Dead

Edward Behlke Kills Aug. Schultz in Row at Formers Home

Early Friday morning our village was thrown into feverish excitement by a report, soon confirmed, that Edward Behlke, living about 2 miles northeast of town had in an unfortunate altercation shot and instantly killed August Schultz, a neighboring farmer, living about the same distance from the village to the southeast.

Schultz was in the village Thursday afternoon and up to a late hour Thursday night, drinking quite frequently meantime.  He was seen in company with Bahlke during the afternoon, the two drinking together with the best of feelings apparently existing between them.  Behlke left Schultz at the saloon, going directly home, little dreaming of trouble with Schultz later at his home.

As near as we can learn Schultz left the village with his team in the direction of his own home between one and two o’clock Friday morning.  When he reached Brown’s corners, a mile or so distant from Gillett, he turned north, going direct to Behlke’s home instead of direct south to his own home, a half mile distant.

Leaving his team in the road opposite the Behlke home Schultz proceeded to the door, rapping and demanding admission.  This was between 2 and 3 o’clock Friday morning.  Behlke’s 13 year old daughter responded to the summons, immediately reported to her father that a man was there and wanted to see him.  When Behlke appeared Schultz immediately began to abuse and question him as to mean and ugly stories he (Behlke) was circulating in the neighborhood about him (Schultz).  Behlke protested his innocence at the same time retreating farther into the house, Schultz following.  Here Mrs. Behlke appeared on the scene and Schultz is reported to have struck the woman knocking her down.  Meantime Behlke had secured his revolver and returning ordered Schultz to leave the house or that something might happen him not looked for.  Schultz absolutely refused to go, defying the man of the house.  Bahlke opened the door when, at this juncture, Schultz seized hold of him, both disappearing outside.  In the struggle, a fierce one according to Behlke’s version of the encounter, an opportunity offered to level his pistol and fire point blank at his adversary.  The aim was true and Schultz, without a murmur fell dead at Bahlke’s feet, the bullet passing through the victim’s neck.

District Attorney Chase appeared for the state and B.M. Goldberg for the defense.

LATER: Behlke, pleading self defense, was acquitted in Justice Stuelke’s court Friday afternoon.

It appeared from the evidence that Schultz had a “bad man” reputation when under the influence of liquor, seeking trouble under the most trivial excuse.  It was also brought out that in the melee at the Behlke’s home Mrs. Behlke, who was carrying a two month old baby, was knocked down in an endeavor to shield her husband from assault by the intruder.  It also appears that three shots were fired by Behlke instead of one.  The first shot went wild, two taking effect.  Shot through the shoulder Schultz loosed his hold, Behlke escaping, running in the direction of the gate leading into the road.  Here Schultz came up with Bahlke and the death struggle was on.  Poking, as it were, the revolver close to Schultz’s head a life went out like the snuffing of a candle.  A 38-calibre pistol ball had pierced a human brain.—Gillett Times.


20 May 1909

Suicide by Hanging

Mrs. Richard Weber of Belle Plaine Ends Her Life

A corners inquest was held last evening to ascertain the facts about the death of Mrs. Richard Weber of Belle Plaine which occurred yesterday forenoon and to determine whether her death was a case of murder or suicide. 

The Weber home is three miles south of Belle Plaine station.  Mr. Weber wanted to buy a lot in the cemetery to bury his wife, but was refused because of no death certificate.

Dr. Ragan was summoned and to him Weber claimed that his wife went up stairs and fell over a box and that he found her dead a few minutes later.  Dr. Ragan knew that death was caused by strangulation.  He notified Sheriff Elefson and arrangements were made for a coroner’s inquest.

In his testimony Weber then said that the woman had hung herself and that his first story was to conceal the fact of suicide.  He also stated that she had twice before attempted suicide by hanging.  Weber’s parents also gave satisfactory evidence.  Doubt exists with the jury that the woman hung herself at the place and with the little piece of twine as told by Weber.

However, if the women’s mother, who will testify today, confirms the previous attempt of suicide all suspicions of foul play should be set at rest.

Weber stated that his wife was ironing and that after he got a drink at the well he threw a little water from the dipper in her face.  Over this they had some words.

Mrs. Weber was about 24 or 25 years of age and leaves a two year old child.  Her maiden name was Amelia Patrich.



SCJ 27 May 1909

Verdict of Suicide

Coroner’s Jury Gathers All the Information Possible

No Evidence of Murder

Mystery Surrounds the Entire Affair and Facts and Theories Do Not Well Combine

The coroner’s jury after a diligent enquiry into the death of Mr. Richard Weber returned a verdict last Thursday evening of suicide.

It must be said that no theory has yet been advanced that can be supported by the known facts.  Had the body not been disturbed and the attic in which her death occurred cleaned up the facts could have been better guessed at.  The main reason for not accepting the suicide theory is that Weber did not tell Dr. Ragan the truth in his first story.

Weber was given a most detailed and severe cross examination by District Attorney Larson Thursday.  He went through it all without disclosing anything that would be evidence against him nor yet a story that makes the suicide theory a very acceptable one.

The mother of Mrs. Weber, Mrs. Matilda Haas, of the town of Dupont, Waupaca County testified that she had never known of her daughter at any time attempting suicide and that Mrs. Max Fisher (a sister of Mrs. Weber) had told her that Weber had at one time tried to kill his wife with a butcher knife.  Her testimony was against Weber yet she said later she would go his bail if necessary.  Mrs. Fisher lives near New London.

Henry Koeppke, a half brother of Mrs. Weber, testified that he had lived with Richard and his wife for a year and a half and had never known any trouble between them.  He strongly disbelieved the theory of murder.  Koeppke’s wife recently died and for two weeks past he has been in Gresham.

Mrs. Maas has been married three times and this son has not been home much since a young boy.  He told how Mrs. Weber, when about 11 years old, had attempted suicide by taking Paris Green.  Fear of punishment by the parents kept the children from telling of this incident.

When the Weber’s resided here it is claimed that they had considerable trouble.

Justice Bold acted in the capacity of coroner.  Dave McCarthy was the foreman of the jury.


8 Jun 1909


Richard Weber Now in County Jail.  Examination to be Friday before Judge Jaeckel


There has been considerable talk since the death of Mrs. Richard Weber which occurred a few weeks ago at the home of Mr. Weber’s parents in the town of Belle Plaine.  At the time there was considerable mystery concerning the case and ever since the inquest there has been more or less talk and it seems that some rumors have been heard the past few days.  On Friday last Mrs. Matilda Haas, mother of the dead girl, swore out a warrant for the arrest of Richard Weber, charging him with murder in the first degree.  He was brought to Shawano and placed in the county jail and his examination will be held Friday before Judge Jaeckel.  He has retained C.F. Dillett as his attorney.  Mrs. Haas had Eberlein & Eberlein look into the case, and Dist. Atty. Larson will represent the county in the same.

At the time of Mrs. Weber’s death there was a great deal of talk and the deceased husband admitted that he did not tell the truth at the beginning as he wanted to shield his wife.  It is said that several stories have been told the neighbors and that he was not kind to his wife when she was living.  There were frequent quarrels and he abused her shamefully.  This is what is now told and it seems that there are witnesses who will so testify.  Mr. Weber seems to be as cool as anyone else in the case and says he is innocent.

The evidence will be circumstantial and therefore must be very strong if he is held on the charge of murder.  There were no witnesses that is known to the death, and there are many strange circumstances connected with her death.  It’s certainly not right to make any one suffer for a deed that he never committed, nor is it right to let any guilty party escape if it can be prevented.  While there are many who believe him innocent, there are others who think that he or someone else committed the deed.  It is hoped that enough testimony can be secured to throw light on the case one way or another.


Thurs 10 June 1909

Charge of Murder

Richard Weber Placed Under Arrest Friday Afternoon

More Evidence Secured.

Mother of Mrs. Weber Swears Out Complaint and Hearing Set for Friday, June 11.

Last Friday Mrs. Matilda Haas, of Waupaca County, mother of Mrs. Richard Weber, swore out a charge of murder against Richard Weber.  Constable Joseph Nachtwey went out in the town of Belle Plaine and brought Weber in and placed him in the county jail.

His hearing has been set before Justice Jaeckel for Friday, June 11, at one pm and no doubt will be very largely attended owing to the wide-spread interest in the mystery surrounding the death of Mrs. Weber

Mrs. Max Fisher of New London, a sister of Mrs. Weber, is expected to give testimony that will weaken the theory of suicide.  She stated that at the time Mrs. Weber took the Paris Green they were both very young and it was purely by mistake and not with the least intention of suicide.  Both ate the Paris Green found on the pantry shelf believing it to be colored sugar for use on cakes.

She will also testify that Mrs. Weber never to her knowledge evinced any disposition toward suicide.  Threats made by Weber to his wife will also be used as evidence against him.

Mrs. Fisher has grieved over the death of her sister and so lost appetite that grave fears are entertained for her health.

The case against Weber is purely built on circumstantial evidence.  If he is innocent it will not hold together nor withstand investigation.  On the other hand if he or anyone else is guilty the evidence will no doubt fit together firmly.

Attorney C F Dillett will defend Weber.  Mrs. Haas has consulted the law firm of Eberlein & Eberlein and they have aided in gathering evidence to substantiate the charge.  Many witnesses will testify at the preliminary hearing tomorrow.



24 June 1909

John Pionek and Vincent Zillinski of Angelica Are Now in Custody Here

Monday morning Joe Sorenson, an inmate of the poor house at Green Bay, was found lying by the roadside in Angelica, unconscious as a result of a criminal assault and suffering from severe wounds about the head, face and neck.

He had been peddling pocket knives, gold watches of a cheap make and other trinkets which had attracted the greedy, covetous eyes of persons unknown and by force they wrested the aged man’s stock from his feeble grasp and fled.

ARRESTS MADE.  However, justice was not to be denied, and fortunately there was an eye witness, a Mrs. Shomanski, upon whose information District Attorney Larson issued warrants for the arrest of John Pionek, Vincent Zillinski, Joe Pionek and Joe Glovinski.  These warrants were given Monday afternoon to Undersheriff Dengel and Constable Nachtwey to serve.  In the meantime John Pionek and Zillinski had been arrested on instructions from Mr. Larson and lodged in the lockup at Pulaski, to which place the local officers drove, secured the prisoners and returned here in the evening.

The country is being scoured for Joe Pionek and Glovinski, who disappeared as soon as they learned of the apprehension of their alleged pals in crime.  The police at Green Bay have taken a hand in the man hunt, and it is probable the two wanted will shortly be occupying apartments at Hotel Elefson.

NATURE OF THE CRIME.  Just what charge will be recorded against the prisoners will be determined by the condition of Mr. Sorenson, which just now is said to be critical.  He is well along in the 80s and it is feared his system will not be able to withstand the shock produced by the beating.

Up to this writing it has been impossible to ascertain the amount of stock he was peddling or its value.  The would-be footpads either have concealed the booty somewhere or it is in the possession of the persons at liberty.

SOME COUNTER CLAIMS.  Pionek and Zillinski, now residing in the county jail, both stoutly protest their innocence, insisting that the other Pionek and Glovinski committed the assault.  Enough evidence already is at hand, however, in warranting the city attorney in asking for the arrest of the quartet, who is reported to be “bad actors.”

Pionek and Zillinski were arraigned before Justice Bold Wednesday afternoon, charged with highway robbery.  Hearing was continued until July 2, and prisoners were released under bonds of $500 each, furnished by their relatives.



29 June 1909

John Sorenson Dies at Green Bay

John Sorenson, the aged man who was clubbed and beaten into insensibility by thugs at Pulaski last week Monday and was taken to Green Bay in an unconscious state, and was at St. Vincent’s Hospital, died Monday afternoon from his injuries.

The remains are now at the Lefebvre morgue at Green Bay, to await word from a daughter.  It is thought he has no other relatives than one daughter.

Sorenson was attacked, it is said, by four men and beaten insensible and left by the roadside.  He was found during Tuesday morning and was taken to Green Bay that night.  He did not gain consciousness.  He was 65 years old, and was formerly a prosperous hardware merchant, connected with the firm of Cooke, Case & Sorenson of Green Bay.



20 July 1909

Sorenson Murdered Is Jury’s Verdict

The coroner’s jury in Justice of the Peace John Macey’s court returned with a verdict Thursday afternoon finding the John L Sorenson was murdered and named Joseph Glovinski and Joseph Pionek, Pulaski, as being guilty of the assault upon the old man.

The verdict by the jury is in part as follows.

“That we believe that John L Sorenson died on June 27 from a beating received on June 20 or 21 at Pulaski.  The weapon used is unknown.  Said beating to have been administered by Joe Glovinski and Joe Pionek.

Glovinski is under arrest now at Shawano County but Pionek is at large.  Officers have forwarded a description of him to police departments in this section and every effort is being made to locate him.

Testimony of witnesses on the stand during the inquest was to the effect that Glovinski made the remark on the night of June 20 “I think the old man needs a cleaning up” and he and Pionek walked backed to here Sorenson had gone from a boarding house.  Sorenson was afterwards found in the road and it is said he was rolled over into the ditch and left to lie there through the night and following morning.  He was brought to this city on July 21 during the night and remaining unconscious in a hospital, dying on June 27.

Glovinski claimed the remark he made pertained to himself, that he was sick and that he meant he was to wash himself.  He claimed to have seen Sorenson beaten with a “black Snake” type of whip. – Green Bay Daily Gazette



22 July 1909

Glovinski Must Face Trial for Murder

Joe Glovinski of Pulaski, charged with murder Saturday night, was held without bail for trial at the December term of the Shawano county circuit court by Judge Jaeckel.

The preliminary examination occupied eight and three-quarters hours, the longest on record here.  It was commenced at 10:37a.m. And at 11:58 a recess was taken until 2 pm.  The afternoon continued until 5:55, it was 7:00 when the evening period was begun and a few minutes after 10 o’clock, County Judge Jaeckel announced that in his opinion the evidence submitted was sufficient to bind Glovinski over for trial.

Glovinski, with Joe Pionek, is believed to have inflicted upon John Sorenson, the Green Bay peddler of cutlery and jewelry, wounds which resulted in his death.  Glovinski gave himself up to the authorities, but Pionek still is at large.

A LEGAL COMBAT.  District Attorney Larson appeared for the state and Attorney Werner for the defense.  The mere mention of those two names would seem to indicate that the preliminary hearing of Glovinski presaged a royal battle between legal lights, and the spectators were not disappointed.  Every-bit of really important evidence was stubbornly combated from the time of its introduction until the witness left the stand and legal authorities galore were freely quoted in the different contentions.  Skirmishes occurred at frequent irregular intervals, and the proceedings were enlivened to a very considerable extent by the laudable efforts of Ed Machewaki and Justice William Kurowski of Pulaski to officiate the interpreters.  Both gentlemen did their best, but the entanglement of testimony delayed the proceedings and the unraveling required unusual effort and time.

THE PROCEEDINGS.  Lawrence Shemanski was the first witness for the state.  He testified to finding Sorenson on the highway and said he removed the man to a point a few feet from where Sorenson was found.

Dr. F N Brett of Green Bay next was called.  He stated he had known Sorenson for at least twenty-five years and that Sorenson was a hard drinking man.  He told of the autopsy the he conducted upon the remains which had been disinterred.  With the exception of a slight fatty degeneration of the heart and an infection of one lung, all the organs of the body were found in a normal condition.  The scalp had been slit with some sharp instrument and at the base of the skull was discovered an oval shaped blood clot, one and one-half inches long by one inch wide and one-half inch thick, which, the doctor declared, was sufficient to cause death from brain pressure.  In the doctor’s opinion, the blood clot was the result of an injury, caused by a blow, and the efforts of the defense to show the injury might have been caused by Sorenson falling and striking a rock did not change the doctor’s belief.

Dr. William Nicholson of Green Bay followed Dr. Brett.  The testimony of both physicians are about the same and brought out the fact that the remains had become so decomposed it was impossible to determine whether the discoloration of the face and hands were due to decomposition or to a beating.

AFTERNOON SESSION.  Dr. Brett was recalled to the witness stand to show what effect upon human face the sun’s rays would have in the case of a person lying exposed for several hours, and gave it as his opinion that the discoloration of Sorenson’s face could not have been produced by the sun.

Peter Larson told of discovering the body of Sorenson near the highway.

Probably the most damaging testimony was given by Mrs. Rose Shemanski of Pulaski.  She stated she recognized Joe Glovinski and Joe Pionek by their voices.  They were standing near Sorenson, she said.  A rigid cross-examination did not shake her testimony.  She told of assisting her husband to remove Sorenson from the roadway.

Vincent Zeilinski and John Pionek, who previously had been under arrest for robbing Sorenson but had been released because of insufficient evidence to connect them with the crime, both testified that Joe Glovinski had remarked that Sorenson should be cleaned up.

Casimer Paszkieweicz heard two men quarreling with Sorenson, but did not recognize them.

Frank Heckel said he assisted Dr. Williams in handling Sorenson.  In answer to a question put by the doctor as to whether he had been beaten by boys, Sorenson is alleged to have said “yes.”

Ole Severtson said he had known Sorenson for thirty years.  He searched the clothes of Sorenson, found a cheap watch, but no money.  A broken watch chain was still clinging to a vest buttonhole, indicating that violence had been used to secure the watch.  Sorenson had on a pair of unbroken glasses which, he thought, had been placed after the alleged assault, inasmuch as the bruised condition of the face could not have been produced without breaking the glasses.  Severtson said he had asked Sorenson if he had any money, and the reply had been to the effect that he had 75 cents, but boys took it away from him.

Alex Pionek said he did not know where his son was.  He had been accustomed to absenting himself frequently from home, during which time he never wrote home.  Joe now is wanted by the authorities on a murder charge and is believed to be in hiding in Chicago.

Mrs. Julia Zeilinski, William Kurowski, Deputy Sheriff Henry Dengel and Andrew Anderson and Sheriff Elefson testified to minor details.

District Attorney Larson took the stand and recited the proceedings of his office and the authorities in the case.  This testimony closed the state’s case, and a recess was taken until 7 pm.

THE DEFENSE.  Just before the noon recess, Attorney Werner for the defense moved that the case be dismissed and the plaintiff discharged on the grounds that the court had no jurisdiction and because there was no evidence to connect Glovinski with Sorenson’s death.

Mrs. Gertrude Wachowski was the first witness for the defense.  She told of Shemanski and wife removing Sorenson from the highway and said Mrs. Sorenson had struck Sorenson with a whip.  Ed Machewski testified to hearing the blow struck. 

George Poleski told of Sorenson being found drunk on his doorstep Sunday morning.  Had been there all night.  He helped Sorenson to a shady spot and the old man went to sleep.  He did not see him again until Sorenson was found in the road.

Mrs. Wachowski was recalled and insisted Mrs. Shemanski had struck Sorenson with a whip.

Ole Severtson was recalled and stated the eye glasses were not broken and must have been put on Sorenson after the alleged holdup.

Jacob and John Glovinski said it was about 11:55 pm when Joe Glovinski came home.  John testified that Joe Pionek was with Joe on the front porch of the Glovinski home at that hour

Frank Glovinski said his brother Joe had been drinking Sunday night and was with him until about 10:30.  Did not know where he went after leaving him.

John Glovinski was recalled and again testified about his brother’s arrival home.

The defense rested after making a motion for dismissal of the case.

THE DIFFERENT SIDES.  It was 8:30 when District Attorney Larson commenced the arguments for the state.  He based his case on the testimony that Joe Glovinski had remarked that “the old man (meaning Sorenson) must be cleaned up” that his movements were unaccounted for between 10:30 and 11:55 pm; that he was recognized by his voice as one of two men near Sorenson; that he fled after the robbery, (His father had previously explained his absence with the statement that his son went to visit relatives near Grand Rapids.)

The defense sought to show the injury to Sorenson might have been inflected by a passing wagon or team or that he might have fallen and struck his head.

CORONER’S JURY VERDICT.  The Coroner’s jury at Green Bay concluded its inquest over Sorenson’s remains with this verdict, in part. 

“That we believe that John Sorenson died on June 27, from a beating received on June 20 or 21 at Pulaski.  The weapon used is unknown.  Said beating to have been administered by Joe Glovinski and Joe Pionek.”

This verdict is based, it is understood, on Glovinski’s alleged remark about cleaning up the old man.

Glovinski claims the remark he made pertained to himself: that he was sick and that he meant he was to wash himself.  He claimed to have seen Sorenson beaten with a black snake whip.




19 Aug 1909

Found A Dead Man

Remains Found Near Water Tank at Eland Junction

Death Proves Mystery

An Inquest was Held, but It Threw No Light on the Strange Case

Sheriff Elefson Sunday morning was notified that the body of a dead man had been discovered near the water tank at Eland Junction.  He went there Monday morning and together with Dr. Pembleton of Wittenberg and Dr. Porter of Eland conducted an inquest.

Dead Man Unknown.  The body evidently had lain unnoticed for some time, as the flesh of the head was so badly decomposed the features were unrecognizable.  The remainder of the trunk was in fairly good condition.  It was the belief that the stranger was in the neighborhood of 60 years of age.  Nothing was found on his person that might lead to a possible identification.  There were no marks of a wound of any nature and death is supposed to have been occasioned by exposure.

The jury returned a verdict of death from unknown causes.



26 Aug 1909

Dead Man Sladkey

Eland Junction Body Supposed to be His  Foul Play Now Hinted

Descriptions Said to Tally and an Investigation is Under Way

According to the Oconto County Reporter, it is probable the unknown man whose remains were found last Sunday at Eland Junction near the water tank may prove to have been Joseph Sladky, who disappeared from his home in Spruce, Oconto County, about three weeks ago.

Sladky left home July 26 and visited a short time at Moaling with a friend.  Then he bought a ticket for Wabeno, boarded the train and disappeared.

DESCRIPTIONS TALLY.  The description of the man found tallies with that of Sladky, who was 58 years of age and is survived by a wife and five children.

It is stated that Sladky had quite a sum of money on his person when he left home and the natural presumption is that he made a mistake and left the train at Eland Junction, was set upon and robbed and then crawled to the point where he was found and died.

The statement of the doctors who conducted the postmortem examination was to the effect that the man found had no marks of violence on his person, but it was stated that the body was so badly decomposed a positive statement to that effect would be impossible.

GAYLORD’S STATEMENT.  Frank Gaylord, clerk of Eland Junction, was in the city Friday.  To a Journal representative with whom he discussed the case, he said the body was found alongside a fence about fifteen rods from the Northwestern track.    There was a knife, a railroad release, a package of tobacco and some trinkets in the pockets, but nothing by which the owner could be identified.  The man had evidently lain where found about three weeks, exposed to the elements.  His condition was terrible.

INVESTIGATION STARTED.  A son of Mr. Sladky has instituted an investigation to determine if possible the identity of the remains as those of his father.  A disinterment will be made and another postmortem held.




23 Nov 1909

Pella Farmer Killed Thursday

Rudolph Schroeder Killed in a Fight With Herman and Louie Binder

Sheriff Elefson was called to the town of Pella on Friday morning to attend an inquest held on account of the death of Rudolph Schroeder of that town.  The facts concerning the case are hard to get as this inquest was postponed until next Tuesday and all that can be learned is what one can hear on the street. It seems that Herman and Louie Binder, sons of the late Herman Binder of the town of Pella, and Rudolph Schroeder were in the woods hunting skunks.  The Binder boys had shovels and Schroeder had a gun.  It is also said that they had some liquor and all had been drinking.  A dispute of some sort arose and Louie Binder hit Schroeder over the head with a shovel or stick.  He was knocked senseless and it was seen that he was badly hurt, so one of the young men went to Louie Binder’s house. Which was not far, got a horse and buggy and took Schroeder to Louie’s house and a physician was summoned, but Schroeder died before the doctor arrived.  It is said that he lived several hours after he was hurt.

Friday morning Sheriff Elefson went to Pella and an inquest was started but postponed until Tuesday, Nov 2nd.  Both of the Binder boys were brought to town and placed in the county jail.  The next day they retained Eberlein & Eberlein as their attorneys.  They are charged with manslaughter and placed under $1000 bail, which was promptly furnished.  The examinations will be held on Dec 2nd.  Herman Binder’s about 27 years of age and Louis about 23 years, both are married and have fine farms in the town of Pella.  They have always borne excellent reputations and it was a surprise to their friends to learn that they got into such serious trouble.  It has been hinted that they will make the defense that the deed was done in self defense.  There are four degrees of manslaughter, if found guilty in the first degree the sentence is from five to ten years; the second degree is from four to seven years; the third from two to four years and the fourth from one to two years and a heavy fine.  It cannot be told what outcome will be, as the facts are meager.



2 Dec 1909

City Short Story

The coroner’s inquest held before Justice Opperman in Grant decided that Rudolph Schultz came to his death from blows to the head and recommended that Louis and Herman Bender be held for trial on a charge of manslaughter.  The preliminary hearing of the two men is being conducted today before Judge Jaeckel.



25 Dec 1909

Murdered At Pella.

Rudolph Schultz Victim of Alleged Drunken Brawl

Blood Clot on His Brain

Herman and Louis Bender are now in County Jail Charged with the Crime

Sheriff Elefson arrived here Friday from Pella with Herman and Louis Bender in custody.  They were lodged in the county jail, and on Saturday morning arraigned before County Judge Jaeckel, charge with manslaughter.  They were bound over to the circuit court under bonds of $1000 each and will have their trial at that time.  Eberlein and Eberlein represent the prisoners.

The defense will claim self-defense on the part of Louis Bender, the younger, who, it is alleged, struck the fatal blow.  It is claimed that Schultz started after Bender with an ax, and that the latter struck to save his own life.

Herman Bender is being held as a witness.

Both the Benders succeeded in securing bail Saturday and were released.

STORY OF THE CRIME.  From the information secured by Sheriff Elefson, the two men now prisoners in the jail and Rudolph Schultz were together in the woods in the town of Grant near Pella, Tuesday afternoon, when an altercation ensued and during the row, Schultz was struck on the head with a club, which produced a blood clot on the brain and caused death.

It is stated that the men had been drinking and their fatal row arose over some trivial misunderstanding.  Two quarts of whiskey were said to have been recovered.

OTHER FEATURES.  Schultz was single and employed as a farm hand.  The other two men are claimed to be of the same class of working people.  No one of the three possessed a bad reputation up to this affair, although it is said all were hard drinkers.

Saturday, the two men, still some-what dazed from their alleged drunken spree, barely realized the seriousness of the charge with which they are credited.

Dr. W J Ragan was called on the case from the city, but he found it impossible to save the life of the injured man.

This is the first occurrence of its kind in this particular neighborhood and the police are withholding information of the tragedy.




Tues 1 Feb 1910

Murdered Saturday Near Wittenberg

John J Hill, an Oneida Indian, Murdered Saturday Last and Two Companions are Held

Wittenberg has a little commotion once in awhile even if they are on the main line and have all the advantage of other cities, etc.  Last Saturday three Oneida Indians who had been workers in a camp in the town of Birnamwood and proceeded to load upon some Wittenberg’s “fire water.”  On their way to camp they wanted to fight and two of them jumped on the third and the consequences was a dead Indian.  John J Hill was the victim and Ned Antone and Julius Smith are the ones charged with committing the deed.  District Atty. Larson went to Wittenberg Monday morning and held their examination.  Their testimony was conflicting and such a nature that it was believed that both were implicated in the murder and were held on such a charge and bound over to the circuit court without bail.  They were brought to Shawano this morning and placed in the county jail to wait until the May term of the circuit court.  There will be a number of murder cases at the next term of circuit court.



Thurs 3 Feb 1910


Murder Committed Wittenberg

Julius Smith, aged 19 and Neddie Antone, aged 30, are prisoners in the county jail, charged with the killing of John J Hill, aged 30 and married.  All members of the trio are Oneida Indians.

Wanted to Wrestle.  It is alleged that Hill challenged his two companions to a wrestling bout an Antone accepted.

The statement is made that after Hill had been thrown to the ground by Antone, the latter assaulted the former, producing injuries which resulted fatally.

Now in Jail.  District Attorney Larson conducted the Inquest, at the close of which he ordered Antone and Smith committed to the county jail without bail.

The affair happened near Wittenberg.



Thurs 10 Feb 1910

Indians Convicted

Each Sentenced to Four Years’ Imprisonment 

Committed Bad Murder 

District Attorney Larson Secures Conviction of Julius Smith and Neddie Antone.  District Attorney Larson appeared before Justice Goodland at Antigo yesterday and secured the conviction of Julius Smith and Neddie Antone, who were arrested and jailed here, charged with the murder of John J Hill, who was found dead near Wittenberg, covered with bruises which were said to have caused his death

Mr. Larson a Hustler.  The quick sentencing of these men, each of whom received a four years’ sentence at Waupun, was a bit of the usual clever work that our district attorney does.  Sheriff Elefson personally saw to it that the men were imprisoned at Waupun.



Tues 5 July 1910

Four Months Old Baby Smothered To Death 

Sunday Morning Aug. Marohl Caused the Death of His Little Granddaughter 


August Marohl, who formerly ran a saloon in the place, owned by Frank Pleshek, returned home last Sunday morning about three o’clock in an intoxicated condition.  After partaking of a lunch he started to bed as he supposed but when his wife found him an hour of two later he was asleep in the cradle of his infant grand-daughter.  Upon examination the baby was found smothered to death.  Dr. Gordon was called and pronounced the cause of death to be suffocation.

At the inquest held this morning, the above facts were established.  District Attorney Larson conducted the examination.  The testimony was taken from Mrs. Hulda Young, mother of the dead child; Mrs. Aug. Marohl its grandmother; August Marohl who caused the death.  Drs. Gordon, Cantwell and others.  The jury consists of Herman Hiller, Fred Wirth, Charles Eberlein, Otto Regling, John Wirth and Joe Porter.

The jury rendered a decision according to the testimony that the baby came to its death from smothering, caused by Aug. Marohl.



Thurs 7 July 1910

Suffocates Infant 

Returning home at three o’clock Sunday morning in an intoxicated condition August Marohl, after partaking of a lunch retired to what he apparently thought was his bed, but it proved to be a cradle containing the four month old infant of Mrs. Hulda Young, his daughter.  The discovery of the man in the cradle was not made for a number of hours later when Mrs. Young awoke to look at the baby and found her father in the cradle.  The baby was removed looked dead and after an examination by Dr. Gordon death was ascribed to suffocation.

The inquest was held Tuesday morning and from evidence furnished by Mrs. Hulda Young, mother of the infant; Mrs. August Marohl, Grandmother and August Marohl, who caused its death, Drs. Gordon, Cantwell, and a few others, the jury consisted of Herman Heller, John Wirth, Otto Regling, Chas. Eberlein and Joe Porter, brought in a verdict of death from suffocation caused by August Marohl.

At present it is not known whether Marohl will be held under any specific charge or not, but he will be kept under surveillance until the matter is toughly sifted.


Tues 4 Oct 1910

Joe Pionek Caught in Chicago Last Night

Was Going Under the Name of Schultz.  Was Implicated in Murder of John Sorenson.

On June 20th, 1909, John L. Sorenson was murdered in Pulaski.  He received a pounding from 2 young men and died at Green Bay Hospital a few days afterwards.  Jos. Glovinski and Joe Pionek were implicated in the deed and the former is now out on bail, his trial has been adjourned once or twice as the other man could not be located.  Last Friday Deputy Sheriff Andrew F. Anderson received word that Pionek had been arrested in Chicago.  He had been in that city since the murder and going under the name of Schultz.  Sheriff Elefson and Mr. Anderson went to Chicago Saturday night to bring their prisoner home and they arrived here last night.  His hearing will no doubt be before Judge Jaeckel within a few days.

The murder was a cold blooded one and District Attorney Larson believes that he has strong evidence against the two young men.