Treaty with the Chippewa, Ottawa and Potawatamie
Articles of a treaty made at Chicago, in the State of Illinois, on the twenty-sixth day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three, between George B Porter, Thomas J V Owen and William Weatherford, Commissioners on the part of the United States of the one part, and the United Nation of Chippewa, Ottowa and Potawatamie Indians of the other part, being fully represented by the Chiefs and Head-men whose names are hereunto subscribed - which Treaty is in the following words, to wit:
The said United Nation of Chippewa, Ottowa, and Potawatamie Indians, cede to the United States all their land, along the western shore of Lake Michigan, and between this Lake and the land ceded to the United States by the Winnebago nation, at the treaty of Fort Armstrong made on the 15th September 1832 - bounded on the north by the country lately ceded by the Menominees, and on the south by the country ceded at the treaty of Prairie du Chien made on the 29th July 1829 - supposed to contain about five millions of acres.
In part consideration of the above cession it is hereby agreed, that the United States shall grant to the said United Nation of Indians to be held as other Indian lands are held which have lately been assigned to emigrating Indians, a tract of country west of the Mississippi river, to be assigned to them by the President of the United States - to be not less in quantity than five millions of acres, and to be located as follows: beginning at the mouth of Boyer's river on the east side of the Missouri river, thence down the said river to the mouth of Naudoway river, thence due east to the west line of the State of Missouri, thence along the said State line to the northwest corner of the State, thence east along the said State line to the point where it is intersected by the western boundary line of the Sacs and Foxes - thence north along the said line of the Sacs and Foxes, so far as that when a straight line shall be run therefrom to the mouth of Boyer's river (the place of beginning) it shall include five millions of acres. And as it is the wish of the Government of the United States that the said nation of Indians should remove to the country thus assigned to them as soon as conveniently can be done; and it is deemed advisable on the part of their Chiefs and Headmen that a deputation should visit the said country west of the Mississippi and thus be assured that full justice has been done, it is hereby stipulated that the United States will defray the expenses of such deputation, to consist of not more than fifty persons, to be accompanied by not more than five individuals to be nominated by themselves, and the whole to be under the general direction of such officer of the United States Government as has been or shall be designated for the purpose. - And it is further agreed that as fast as the said Indians shall be prepared to emigrate, they shall be removed at the expense of the United States, and shall receive subsistence while upon the journey, and for one year after their arrival at their new homes. - It being understood, that the said Indians are to remove from all that part of the land now ceded, which is within the State of Illinois, immediately on the ratification of this treaty, but to be permitted to retain possession of the country north of the boundary line of the said State, for the term of three years, without molestation or interruption and under the protection of the laws of the United States.
And in further consideration of the above cession, it is agreed, that there shall be paid by the United States the sums of money hereinafter mentioned: to wit.
One hundred thousand dollars to satisfy sundry individuals, in behalf of whom reservations were asked, which the Commissioners refused to grant: and also to indemnify the Chippewa tribe who are parties to this treaty for certain lands along the shore of Lake Michigan, to which they make claim, which have been ceded to the United States by the Menominee Indians - the manner in which the same is to be paid is set forth in Schedule "A" hereunto annexed.
One hundred and fifty thousand dollars to satisfy the claims made against the said United Nation which they have here admitted to be justly due, and directed to be paid, according to Schedule "B" hereunto annexed.
One hundred thousand dollars to be paid in goods and provisions, a part to be delivered on the signing of this treaty and the residue during the ensuing year.
Two hundred and eighty thousand dollars to be paid in annuities of fourteen thousand dollars a year, for twenty years.
One hundred and fifty thousand dollars to be applied to the erection of mills, farm houses, Indian houses and blacksmith shops, to agricultural improvements, to the purchase of agricultural implements and stock, and for the support of such physicians, millers, farmers, blacksmiths and other mechanics, as the President of the United States shall think proper to appoint.
Seventy thousand dollars for purposes of education and the encouragement of the domestic arts, to be applied in such manner, as the President of the United States may direct. - [The wish of the Indians being expressed to the Commissioners as follows: The united nation of Chippewa, Ottowa and Potawatamie Indians being desirous to create a perpetual fund for the purposes of education and the encouragement of the domestic arts, wish to invest the sum of seventy thousand dollars in some safe stock, the interest of which only is to be applied as may be necessary for the above purposes. They therefore request the President of the United States, to make such investment for the nation as he may think best. If however, at any time hereafter, the said nation shall have made such advancement in civilization and have become so enlightened as in the opinion of the President and Senate of the United States they shall be capable of managing so large a fund with safety they may withdraw the whole or any part of it.]
Four hundred dollars a year to be paid to Billy Caldwell, and three hundred dollars a year, to be paid to Alexander Robinson, for life, in addition to the annuities already granted them - Two hundred dollars a year to be paid to Joseph Lafromboise and two hundred dollars a year to be paid to Shabehnay, for life.
Two thousand dollars to be paid to Wau-pon-eh-see and his band, and fifteen hundred dollars to Awn-kote and his band, as the consideration for nine sections of land, granted to them by the 3d Article of the Treaty of Prairie du Chien of the 29th of July 1829 which are hereby assigned and surrendered to the United States.
A just proportion of the annuity money, secured as well by former treaties as the present, shall be paid west of the Mississippi to such portion of the nation as shall have removed thither during the ensuing three years. - After which time, the whole amount of the annuities shall be paid at their location west of the Mississippi.
Article 5th - [Stricken out]
This treaty after the same shall have been ratified by the President and Senate of the United States, shall be binding on the contracting parties.
In testimony whereof, the said George B Porter, Thomas J V Owen, and William Weatherford, and the undersigned chiefs and head men of the said nation of Indians, have hereunto set their hands at Chicago, the said day and year.
G B Porter Th J V Owen William Weatherford To-pen-e-bee, his x mark Sau-ko-noek Che-che-bin-quay, his x mark Joseph, his x mark Wah-mix-i-co, his x mark Ob-wa-qua-unk, his x mark N-saw-way-quet, his x mark Puk-quech-a-min-nee, his x mark Nah-che-wine, his x mark Ke-wase, his x mark Wah-bou-seh, his x mark Mang-e-sett, his x mark Caw-we-saut, his x mark Ah-be-te-ke-zhic, his x mark Pat-e-go-shuc, his x mark E-to-wow-cote, his x mark Shim-e-nah, his x mark O-chee-pwaise, his x mark Ce-nah-ge-win, his x mark Shaw-waw-nas-see, his x mark Shab-eh-nay, his x mark Mac-a-ta-o-shic, his x mark Squah-ke-zic, his x mark Mah-che-o-tah-way, his x mark Cha-ke-te-ah, his x mark Me-am-ese, his x mark Shay-tee, his x mark Kee-new, his x mark Ne-bay-noc-scum, his x mark Naw-bay-caw, his x mark O'Kee-mase, his x mark Saw-o-tup, his x mark Me-tai-way, his x mark Na-ma-ta-way-shuc, his x mark Shaw-waw-nuk-wuk, his x mark Nah-che-wah, his x mark Sho-bon-nier, his x mark Me-nuk-quet, his x mark Chis-in-ke-bah, his x mark Mix-e-maung, his x mark Nah-bwait, his x mark Sen-e-bau-um, his x mark Puk-won, his x mark Wa-be-no-say, his x mark Mon-tou-ish, his x mark No-nee, his x mark Mas-quat, his x mark Sho-min, his x mark Ah-take, his x mark He-me-nah-wah, his x mark Che-pec-co-quah, his x mark Mis-quab-o-no-quah, his x mark Wah-be-Kai, his x mark Ma-ca-ta-ke-shic, his x mark Sho-min, (2d.) his x mark She-mah-gah, his x mark O'ke-mah-wah-ba-see, his x mark Na-mash, his x mark Shab-y-a-tuk, his x mark Ah-cah-o-mah, his x mark Quah-quah, tah, his x mark Ah-sag-a-mish-cum, his x mark Pa-mob-a-mee, his x mark Nay-o-say, his x mark Ce-tah-quah, his x mark Ce-ku-tay, his x mark Sauk-ee, his x mark Ah-quee-wee, his x mark Ta-cau-ko, his x mark Me-shim-e-nah, his x mark Wah-sus-kuk, his x mark Pe-nay-o-cat, his x mark Pay-maw-suc, his x mark Pe-she-ka, his x mark Shaw-we-mon-e-tay, his x mark Ah-be-nab, his x mark Sau-sau-quas-see, his x mark In presence of - Wm Lee D Ewing, secretary to commission E A Brush Luther Rice, interpreter James Conner, interpreter John T Schermerhorn, commissioner, etc west A C Pepper, S A R P Gho Kercheval, sub-agent Geo Bender, major, Fifth Regiment Infantry D Wilcox, captain, Fifth Regiment J M Baxley, captain, Fifth Infantry R A Forsyth, US Army L T Jamison, lieutenant, US Army E K Smith, lieutenant, Fifth Infantry P Maxwell, assistant surgeon J Allen, lieutenant, Fifth Infantry I P Simonton, lieutenant, US Army George F Turner, assistant surgeon, US Army Richd. J. Hamilton Robert Stuart Jona McCarty Daniel Jackson, of New York Jno H Kinzie Robt A Kinzie G S Hubbard J C Schwarz, adjutant general M M Jn B Beaubrier James Kinzie Jacob Beeson Saml Humes Porter Andw Porter Gabriel Godfroy A H Arndt Laurie Marsh Joseph Chaunier John Watkins B B Kercheval Jas W Berry Wm French Thomas Forsyth Pierre Menard, Fils Edmd Roberts Geo Hunt Isaac Nash SCHEDULE "A." (Referred to in the Treaty, containing the sums payable to Individuals in lieu of Reservations.) Jesse Walker $1500 Henry Cleveland $800 Rachel Hall $600 Sylvia Hall $600 Joseph Laframboise and children $1000 Victoire Porthier and her children $700 Jean Bt Miranda $300, Jane Miranda $200, Rosetta Miranda $300, Thomas Miranda $400 For each of whom John H Kinzie is Trustee. Alexander Muller, Gholson Kercheval, trustee $800 Paschal Muller $800 Margaret Muller $200 Socra Muller $200 Angelique Chevalier $200 Josette Chevallier $200 Joseph Chevalier $400 Fanny Leclare (Captain David Hunter, Trustee) $400 Daniel Bourassa's children $600 Nancy Contraman $600, Sally Contraman $600, Betsey Contraman $600 For each of whom J B Campbell is Trustee. Alexis Laframboise $800 Alexis Laframbois' children $1200 Mrs Mann's children $600 Mrs Mann (daughter of Antoine Ouilmet) $400 Geo Turkey's children (Fourtier) Th J V Owen Trustee $500 Jacques Chapeau's children $600 Antonie Roscum's children $750 Francois Burbonnais' Senrs children $400 Francis Burbonnais'Jnr children $300 John Bt Cloutier's children, (Robert A Kinsie Trustee) $600 Claude Lafromboise's children $300 Antoine Ouilmet's children $200 Josette Ouilmot (John H Kinzie, Trustee) $200 Mrs Welsh (daughter of Antoine Ouilmet) $200 Alexander Robinson's children $400 Billy Caldwell's children $600 Mo-ah-way $200 Medare B Beaubien $300 Charles H Beaubien $300 John K Clark's Indian children, (Richard J Hamilton, Trustee) $400 Josette Juno and her children $1000 Angelique Juno $300 Josette Beaubien's children $1000 Mah-go-que's child (James Kinzie, Trustee) $300 Esther, Rosene and Eleanor Bailly $500 Sophia, Hortense and Therese Bailly $1000 Rosa and Mary children of Hoo-mo-ni-gah wife of Stephen Mack $600 Jean Bt Rabbu's children $400 Francis Chevallier's children $800 Mrs Nancy Jamison and child $800 Co-pah, son of Archange $250 Martha Burnett (R A Forsyth, Trustee) $1000 Isadore Chabert's child (G S Hubbard Trustee) $400 Chee-bee-quai or Mrs Allen $500 Luther Rice and children $2500 John Jones $1000 Pierre Corbonno's Children $800 Pierre Chalipeaux's children $1000 Phoebe Treat and children $1000 Robert Forsyth of St. Louis Mo $500 Alexander Robinson $5000 Billy Caldwell $5000 Joseph Laframboise $3000 Nis noan see (B B Kercheval Trustee) $200 Margaret Hall $1000 James, William, David and Sarah children of Margaret Hall $3200 Margaret Ellen Miller, Montgomery Miller and Finly Miller, grandchildren of Margaret Hall for each of whom Richard J Hamilton of Chicago is Trustee $800 Jean Letendre's children $200 Bernard Grignon $100 Josette Polier $100 Joseph Vieux, Jacques Vieux, Louis Vieux, and Josette Vieux each $100 Angelique Hardwick's children $1800 Joseph Bourassa and Mark Bourassa $200 Jude Bourassa and Therese Bourassa $200 Stephen Bourassa and Gabriel Bourassa $200 Alexander Bourassa and James Bourassa $200 Elai Bourassa and Jerome Bourassa $200 M D Bourassa $100 Ann Rice and her Son William M Rice and Nephew John Leib $1000 Agate Biddle and her children $900 Magdaline Laframboise and her son $400 Therese Schandler $200 Joseph Daily's son and daughter Robert and Therese $500 Therese Lawe and George Lawe $200 David Lawe and Rachel Lawe $200 Rebecca Lawe and Maria Lawe $200 Polly Lawe and Jane Lawe $200 Appotone Lawe $100 Angelique Vieux and Amable Vieux $200 Andre Vieux and Nicholas Vieux $200 Pierre Vieux and Maria Vieux $200 Madaline Thibeault $100 Paul Vieux and Joseph Vieux $200 Susanne Vieux $100 Louis Grignon and his son Paul $200 Paul Grignon Sen'r and Amable Grignon $200 Perish and Robert Grignon $200 Catist Grignon and Elizabeth Grignon $200 Ursal Grignon and Charlotte Grignon $200 Louise Grignon and Rachel Grignon $200 Agate Porlier and George Grignon $200 Amable Grignon and Emily Grignon $200 Therese Grignon and Simon Grignon $200 William Burnett (B B Kercheval Trustee) $1000 Shan-na-nees $400 Josette Beaubien $500 For the Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatamie Students at the Choctaw Academy. The Hon R M Johnson to be the Trustee. $5000 James and Richard J Connor $700 Pierre Duverney and Children $300 Joshua Boyd's Children (Geo Boyd Esq to be the Trustee) $500 Joseph Bailly $4000 R A Forsyth $3000 Gabriel Godfroy $2420 Thomas R Covill $1300 George Hunt $750 James Kinzie $5000 Joseph Chaunier $550 John and Mark Noble $180 Alexis Provansalle $100 One hundred thousand dollars $100,000 SCHEDULE "B." (Referred to in the treaty containing the sums payable to individuals, on claims admitted to be justly due, and directed to be paid.) [See Second Amendment, at end of this treaty.] Brewster Hogan & Co $343 John S C Hogan $50 Frederick H Contraman $200 Brookfield & Bertrand $100 R E Heacock $100 George W McClure, U S A $125 David McKee $180 Oliver Emmell $300 George Hollenbeck $100 Martha Gray $78 Charles Taylor $187 Joseph Naper $71 John Mann $200 James Walker $200 John Blackstone $100 Harris & McCord $175 George W Dole $133 George Haverhill $60 William Whistler, U S A $1000 Squire Thompson $100 C C Trowbridge $2000 Louis Druillard $350 Abraham Francis $25 D R Bearss & Co $250 Dr E Winslow $150 Nicholas Klinger $77 Joseph Porthier $200 Clark Hollenbeck $50 Henry Enslen $75 Robert A Kinzie $1216 Joseph Ogie $200 Thomas Hartzell $400 Calvin Britain $46 Benjamin Fry $400 Pierre F Navarre $100 C H Chapman $30 James Kinzie $300 G S Hubbard $125 Jacque Jenveaux $150 John B Du Charme $55 John Wright $15 James Galloway $200 William Marquis $150 Louis Chevalier, Adm'r of J B Chevalier dec'd $112 Solomon McCullough $100 Joseph Curtis $50 Edward E Hunter $90 Rachel Legg $25 Peter Lamseet $100 Robert Beresford $200 G W & W Laird $150 M B Beaubien $440 Jeduthan Smith $60 Edmund Weed $100 Philip Maxwell, U S A $35 Henry Gratiot $116 Tyler K Blodgett $50 Nehemiah King $125 S P Brady $188 James Harrington $68 Samuel Ellice $50 Peter Menard, Maumee $500 John W Anderson $350 David Bailey $50 Wm G Knaggs $100 John Hively $150 John B Bertrand, Sen'r $50 Robert A Forsyth $3000 Maria Kercheval $3000 Alice Hunt $3000 Jane C Forsyth $3000 John H Kinzie $5000 Ellen M Wolcott $5000 Maria Hunter $5000 Robert A Kinzie $5000 Samuel Godfroy $120 John E Schwarz $4800 Joseph Loranger $5000 H B and G W Hoffman $358 Phelps & Wendell $660 Henry Johns $270 Benjamin C Hoyt $20 John H Kinzie, in trust for the heirs of Jos Miranda, dec'd $250 Francis Burbonnais, Senr $500 Francis Burbonnais, junr $200 R A Forsyth, in trust for Catherine McKenzie $1000 James Laird $50 Montgomery Evans $250 Joseph Bertrand, jr $300 George Hunt $900 Benjamin Sherman $150 W and F Brewster, Assignees of Joseph Bertrand, Senr $700 John Forsyth, in trust for the heirs of Charles Peltier, dec'd $900 William Hazard $30 James Shirley $125 Jacob Platter $25 John B Bourie $2500 B B Kercheval $1500 Charles Lucier $75 Mark Beaubien $500 Catharine Stewart $82 Francis Mouton $200 Dr William Brown $40 R A Forsyth, in trust for heirs of Charles Guion $200 Joseph Bertrand, Senr $652 Moses Rice $800 James Connor $2250 John B Du Charme $250 Coquillard & Comparet $5000 Richard J Hamilton $500 Adolphus Chapin $80 John Dixon $140 Wm Huff $81 Stephen Mack, in trust for the heirs of Stephen Mack, dec'd $500 Thomas Forsyth $1500 Felix Fontaine $200 Jacque Mette $200 Francis Boucher $250 Margaret Helm $2000 O P Lacy $1000 Henry and Richard J Connor $1500 James W Craig $50 R A Forsyth (Maumee) $1300 Antoine Peltier do $200 R A Forsyth, in trust for Wau-se-on-o-quet $300 John E Hunt $1450 Payne C Parker $70 Isaac Hull $1000 Foreman Evans $32 Horatio N Curtis $300 Ica Rice $250 Thomas P Quick $35 George B Woodcox $60 John Woodcox $40 George B Knaggs $1400 Ebenezer Read $100 George Pomeroy $150 Thomas K Green $70 William Mieure, in trust for Willis Fellows $500 Z Cicott $1800 John Johnson $100 Antoine Antilla $100 John Baldwin $500 Isaac G Bailey $100 James Cowen $35 Joseph D Lane $50 T E Phelps $250 Edmund Roberts $50 Augustus Bona $60 E C Winter & Co $1850 Charles W Ewing $200 Antoine Ouilmett $800 John Bt Chandonai, ($1000 of this sum to be paid to Robert Stuart, agent of American Fur Company, by the particular request of Jno B Chandonai) $2500 Lowrin Marsh $3290 P & J J Godfroy $2000 David Hull $500 Andrew Drouillard $500 Jacob Beeson & Co $220 Jacob Beeson $900 John Anderson $600 John Green $100 James B Campbell $600 Pierre Menard, Jun in right of G W Campbell $250 George E Walker $1000 Joseph Thebault $50 Gideon Lowe, U S A $160 Pierre Menard, Jun $2000 John Tharp $45 Pierre Menard, Junr in trust for Marie Tremblê $500 Henry B Stillman $300 John Hamblin $500 Francois Pagê $100 George Brooks $20 Franklin McMillan $100 Lorance Shellhouse $30 Martin G Shellhouse $35 Peter Bellair $150 Joseph Morass $200 John I Wendell $2000 A T Hatch $300 Stephen Downing $100 Samuel Miller $100 Moses Hardwick $75 Margaret May $400 Frances Felix $1100 John B Bourie $500 Harriet Ewing $500 Nancy Hedges $500 David Bourie $500 Caroline Ferry $500 Bowrie & Minie $500 Charles Minie $600 Francis Minie $700 David Bourie $150 Henry Ossum Reed $200 Françoise Bezion $2500 Dominique Rousseau $500 Hanna & Taylor $1570 John P Hedges $1000 Francoise Chobare $1000 Isadore Chobare $600 Jacob Leephart $700 Amos Amsden $400 Nicholas Boilvin $350 Archibald Clyburn $200 William Conner (Michigan) $70 Tunis S Wendall $500 Noel Vasseur $800 James Abbott, agent of the American Fur Company $2300 Robert Stewart, agent of the American Fur Company $17000 Solomon Jeauneau $2100 John Bt Beaubien $250 Stephen Mack, Jnr $350 John Lawe $3000 Alexis Larose $1000 Daniel Whitney $1350 P & A Grignon $650 Louis Grignon $2000 Jacques Vieux $2000 Laframboise & Bourassa $1300 Heirs of N Boilvin, deceased $1000 John K Clark $400 William G & G W Ewing $5000 Rufus Hitchcock $400 Reed and Coons $200 B H Laughton $1000 Rufus Downing $500 Charles Reed $200 One hundred and seventy-five thousand dollars $175,000 The above claims have been admitted and directed to be paid, only in case they be accepted in full of all claims and demands up to the present date. G B Porter Th J V Owen William Weatherford Sept. 27, 1833 Agreeably to the stipulations contained in the 3d Article of the Treaty, there have been purchased and delivered at the request of the Indians, goods, provisions and horses to the amount of sixty-five thousand dollars (leaving the balance to be supplied in the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty-four, thirty-five thousand dollars.) As evidence of the purchase and delivery as aforesaid under the direction of the said Commissioners, and that the whole of the same have been received by the said Indians, the said George B Porter, Thomas J V Owen and William Weatherford, and the undersigned Chiefs and Head-men on behalf of the said United Nation of Indians have hereunto set their hands the twenty-seventh day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three. G B Porter Th J V Owen William Weatherford Jo-pen-e-bee, his x mark We-saw, his x mark Ne-kaw-nosh-kee, his x mark Wai-saw-o-ke-ne-aw, his x mark Ne-see-waw-bee-tuck, his x mark Kai-kaw-tai-mon, his x mark Saw-ko-nosh Tshee-Tshee-chin-be-quay, his x mark Joseph, his x mark Shab-e-nai, his x mark Ah-be-te-ke-zhic, his x mark E-to-won-cote, his x mark Shab-y-a-tuk, his x mark Me-am-ese, his x mark Wah-be-me-mee, his mark Shim-e-nah, his x mark We-in-co, his x mark In presence of - Wm Lee D Ewing, secretary to the commission R A Forsyth, US Army Madn F Abbott Saml Humes Porter Andw Porter Joseph Bertrand junr Jno H Kinzie James Conner, interpreter J E Schwarz, adjutant-general, M M
Sept. 27, 1833
Articles supplementary, to the treaty made at Chicago, in the State of Illinois, on the 26th day of September, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three, between George B Porter, Thomas J V Owen and William Weatherford, Commissioners on the part of the United States, of the one part, and the United Nation of Chippewa, Ottowa, and Potawatamie Indians, of the other part, concluded at the same place on the twenty-seventh day of September, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three, between the said Commissioners on the part of the United States of the one part, and the Chiefs and Head-men of the said United Nation of Indians, residing upon the reservations of land situated in the Territory of Michigan, south of Grand river, of the other part.
The said chiefs and head-men cede to the United States, all their land situate in the Territory of Michigan south of Grand river being the reservation at Notawasepe of 4 miles square contained in the 3d clause of the 2d article of the treaty made at Chicago, on the 29th day of August 1821, and the ninety-nine sections of land contained in the treaty made at St Joseph on the 19th day of Sept. 1827; - and also the tract of land on St. Joseph river opposite the town of Niles, and extending to the line of the State of Indiana, on which the villages of To-pe-ne-bee and Pokagon are situated, supposed to contain about 49 sections.
In consideration of the above cession, it is hereby agreed that the said chiefs and head-men and their immediate tribes shall be considered as parties to the said treaty to which this is supplementary, and be entitled to participate in all the provisions therein contained, as a part of the United Nation; and further, that there shall be paid by the United States, the sum of one hundred thousand dollars: to be applied as follows.
Ten thousand dollars in addition to the general fund of one hundred thousand dollars, contained in the said treaty to satisfy sundry individuals in behalf of whom reservations were asked which the Commissioners refused to grant; - the manner in which the same is to be paid being set forth in the schedule "A," hereunto annexed.
Twenty-five thousand dollars in addition to the sum of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars contained in the said Treaty, to satisfy the claims made against all composing the United Nation of Indians, which they have admitted to be justly due, and directed to be paid according to Schedule "B," to the Treaty annexed.
Twenty-five thousand dollars, to be paid in goods, provisions and horses, in addition to the one hundred thousand dollars contained in the Treaty.
And forty thousand dollars to be paid in annuities of two thousand dollars a year for twenty years, in addition to the two hundred and eighty thousand dollars inserted in the Treaty, and divided into payments of fourteen thousand dollars a year.
All the Indians residing on the said reservations in Michigan shall remove therefrom within three years from this date, during which time they shall not be disturbed in their possession, nor in hunting upon the lands as heretofore. In the mean time no interruption shall be offered to the survey and sale of the same by the United States. In case, however, the said Indians shall sooner remove the Government may take immediate possession thereof.
[Stricken out. See 4th Amendment at end of treaty.]
These supplementary articles after the same shall have been ratified by the President and Senate of the United States shall be binding on the contracting parties.
In testimony whereof, the said George B. Porter, Thomas J. V. Owen, and William Weatherford, and the undersigned chiefs and head men of the said United Nation of Indians, have hereunto set their hands at Chicago, the said day and year.
G B Porter Th J V Owen William Weatherford To-pen-e-bee, his x mark We-saw, his x mark Ne-kaw-nosh-kee, his x mark Wai-saw-o-ko-ne-aw, his x mark Po-ka-gon, his x mark Kai-kaw-tai-mon, his x mark Pe-pe-ah, his x mark Ne-see-waw-bee-tuck, his x mark Kitchee-bau, his x mark Pee-chee-ko, his x mark Nai-gaw-geucke, his x mark Wag-maw-kan-so, his x mark Mai-go-sai, his x mark Nai-chee-wai, his x mark Aks-puck-sick, his x mark Kaw-kai-mai, his x mark Mans-kai-sick, his x mark Pam-ko-wuck, his x mark No-taw-gai, his x mark Kauk-muck-kisin, his x mark Wee-see-mon, his x mark Mo-so-ben-net, his x mark Kee-o-kum, his x mark Maatch-kee, his x mark Kaw-bai-me-sai, his x mark Wees-ke-qua-tap, his x mark Ship-she-wuh-no, his x mark Wah-co-mah-o-pe-tuk, his x mark Ne-so-wah-quet, his x mark Shay-o-no, his x mark Ash-o-nees, his x mark Mix-i-nee, his x mark Ne-wah-ox-sec, his x mark Sauk-e-mau, his x mark Shaw-waw-nuk-wuk, his x mark Mo-rah, his x mark Suk-see, his x mark Quesh-a-wase, his x mark Pat-e-go-to, his x mark Mash-ke-oh-see, his x mark Mo-nase, his x mark Wab-e-kaie, his x mark Shay-oh-new, his x mark Mo-gua-go, his x mark Pe-qua-shuc, his x mark A-muwa-noc-sey, his x mark Kau-ke-che-ke-to, his x mark Shaw-waw-nuk-wuk, his x mark In presence of - Wm Lee D Ewing, secretary to the commission E A Brush Luther Rice, interpreter James Conner, interpreter Joseph Bertrand jr, interpreter Geo Kercheval, sub Indian agent J L Thompson, lieutenant Fifth Infantry J Allen, lieutenant Fifth Infantry P Maxwell, assistant surgeon US Army Geo F Turner, assistant surgeon US Army B B Kercheval Thomas Forsyth Daniel Jackson, of New York J E Schwarz, adjutant-general M M Robt A Kinzie G S Hubbard Geo Bender, major Fifth Regiment Infantry D Wilcox, captain Fifth Regiment J M Baxley, captain Fifth Infantry R A Forsyth, US Army L T Jamison, lieutenant US Army O K Smith, lieutenant Fifth Infantry L M Taylor Pierre Menard, fils Jacob Beeson Samuel Humes Porter Edmd Roberts Jno H Kinzie Jas W Berry Gabriel Godfroy jr Geo Hunt A H Arndt Andw Porter Isaac Nash Richard J Hamilton SCHEDULE "A," Referred to in the Article supplementary to the Treaty, containing the sums payable to Individuals, in lieu of Reservations of Land. Po-ka-gon $2000 Rebecca Burnett $500, Mary Burnett $250, (Edward Brooks Trustee for each) Martha Burnett (R A Forsyth Trustee) $250 Madaline Bertrand $200 Joseph Bertrand Junr $200 Luke Bertrand Junr $200 Benjamin Bertrand $200 Lawrence Bertrand $200 Theresa Bertrand $200 Amable Bertrand $200 Julianne Bertrand $200 Joseph H Bertrand $100 Mary M Bertrand $100 M L Bertrand $100 John B Du Charme $200 Elizabeth Du Charme (R A Forsyth Trustee) $800 George Henderson $400 Mary Nado and children $400 John Bt Chandonai $1000 Charles Chandonai $400, Mary Chandonai $400, (For each of whom R A Forsyth is Trustee) Mary St Comb and children $300 Sa-gen-nais' daughter $200 Me-chain, daughter of Pe-che-co $200 Alexis Rolan $200 Polly Neighbush $200 Francois Page's wife and children $200 Pierre F Navarre's children $100 Jarmont (half breed) $100 Ten thousand dollars $10,000 Sept. 27, 1833 Agreeably to the stipulations contained in the Articles supplementary to the Treaty, there have been purchased and delivered at the request of the Indians, Goods, Provisions and Horses to the amount of fifteen thousand dollars (leaving the balance to be supplied hereafter ten thousand dollars.) As evidence of the purchase and delivery as aforesaid, under the direction of the said commissioners, and that the whole of the same been received by the said Indians, and the said George B Porter, Thomas J V Owen, and William Weatherford, and the undersigned chiefs and head men on behalf of the said United Nation of Indians, have hereunto set their hands the twenty-seventh day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three. G B Porter Th J V Owen William Weatherford To-pen-e-bee, his x mark Wee-saw, his x mark Ne-kaw-nosh-kee, his x mark Wai-saw-o-ko-ne-aw, his x mark Ne-see-waw-be-tuk, his x mark Kai-kaw-tai-mon, his x mark Saw-Ka-Nosh, his x mark Tshee-tshee-chin-ke-bequay, his x mark Joseph, his x mark Shab-e-nai, his x mark Ah-be-to-ke-Zhic, his x mark E-to-wau-coto, his x mark Shab-y-a-tuk, his x mark Me-am-ese, his x mark Wah-be-me-mee, his x mark Shim-e-nah, his x mark We-in-co, his x mark In presence of - Wm Lee D Ewing, secretary to the commission R A Forsyth, US Army John H Kinzie Madn F Abbott Saml Humes Porter Joseph Bertrand junr Andw Porter J E Schwarz, adjutant-general M M James Conner, interpreter On behalf of the Chiefs and Head men of the United Nation of Indians who signed the treaty to which these articles are supplementary we hereby, in evidence of our concurrence therein, become parties thereto. And, as since the signing of the treaty a part of the band residing on the reservations in the Territory of Michigan, have requested, on account of their religious creed, permission to remove to the northern part of the peninsula of Michigan, it is agreed that in case of such removal the just proportion of all annuities payable to them under former treaties and that arising from the sale of the reservation on which they now reside shall be paid to them at, L'arbre, Croche. Witness our hands, the said day and year. Saw-ka-nosh, his x mark Che-ohe-bin-quay, his x mark Ah-be-te-ke-zhic, his x mark Shab-e-nay, his x mark O-cheep-pwaise, his x mark Maug-e-sett, his x mark Shim-e-nah, his x mark Ke-me-nah-wah, his x mark In the presence of - Wm Lee D Ewing, secretary to the commission Jno H Kinzie Richd J Hamilton Robert Stuart R A Forsyth, US Army Saml Humes Porter J E Schwarz, adjutant-general M M James Conner, interpreter The Commissioners certify that when these supplementary articles were ready for signature, the original paper of which the annexed is a copy was presented by Messrs Peter and James J Godfroy, and the due execution of it was made satisfactorily appear to the Commissioners, the subscribing witnesses R A Forsyth and Robert A Kinzie being present. - The Chiefs and Head men present recognizing this as a reservation, it was agreed that it shall be considered in the same light as though the purport of the instrument had been inserted in the body of the treaty; - with the understanding that the rejection of it by the President and Senate of the United States shall not affect the validity of the treaty. G B PORTER, TH J V OWEN, WILLIAM WEATHERFORD. (Copy of the instrument referred to in the above certificate. - ) May 18, 1830 Know all men by these presents that we the undersigned Chiefs and Young men of the Potawatamie tribe of Indians living at Na-to-wa-se-pe in the territory of Michigan, for and in consideration of the friendship and sundry services rendered to us by Peter and James J. Godfroy we do hereby by these presents give, grant, alien, transfer and convey unto the said Godfroys their heirs and assigns forever one entire section of land situate lying and being on our reserve of Na-to-wa-se-pe, in the Territory aforesaid to be located by said Godfroys wherever on said reserve they shall think it more to their advantage and benefit. It is moreover the wishes of the undersigned Chiefs and Young men as aforesaid, that so soon as there shall be a treaty held between the United States and our said tribe of Pottawatamies, that our great father the President confirm and make good this our grant unto them, the said Godfroys by issuing a patent therefor to them and to their heirs forever. - In so doing our great father will accomplish the wishes of his children. Done at Detroit, this eighteenth day of May, A D one thousand eight hundred and thirty. In witness whereof, we have hereunto signed, sealed, and set our hands and seals, the day and year last above written. Penenchese, his x mark Pit-goit-ke-se, his x mark Nah-o-te-nan, his x mark Ke-a-sac-wa, his x mark Sko-paw-ka, his x mark Ce-ce-baw, his x mark Na-wa-po-to, his x mark To-ta-gas, his x mark Pierre Morin, alias Perish, his x mark We-say-gah, his x mark Signed, sealed, and delivered in the presence of us - R A Forsyth Robt A Kinzie G. Godfroy Witnesses to the signature of Pierre Morin, alias Perish, and Wa-say-gah. Richard Godfroy Francis Mouton Chicago, Illinois, Oct 1, 1834 THO J V OWEN, Esqr US Indian Agent Oct 1, 1834 FATHER: Feeling a disposition to comply with the resolution of Senate of the United States, and the views of the Government in relation to an alteration in the boundaries of the country ceded to the United nation of Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatamie Indians at the treaty at Chicago in the State of Illinois, concluded on the 26th and 27th days of September 1833: - we therefore propose as the chiefs of the said united nation, and for and on their behalf that we will accept of the following alteration in the boundaries of the said tract of country viz: - Beginning at the mouth of Boyer's river; thence down the Missouri river, to a point thereon; from which a due east line would strike the northwest corner of the State of Missouri; thence along the said east line, to the northwest corner of said State; then along the northern boundary line of the said State of Missouri, till it strikes the line of the lands of the Sac and Fox Indians; thence northwardly along said line to a point from which a west line would strike the sources of the Little Sioux river; thence along said west line, till it strikes the said sources of said river; then down said river to its mouth; thence down the Missouri river to the place of beginning: Provided the said boundary shall contain five million of acres; but should it contain more, then said boundaries are to be reduced so as to contain the said five millions of acres. And, in consideration of the alteration of said boundary we ask that ten thousand dollars should be paid to such commissioner, as shall be designated by us to receive the same west of the Mississippi river, at such place on the tract of country ceded to the said united nation as we may designate, and to be applied, as we may direct for the use and benefit of the said nation. And the further sum of two thousand dollars to be paid to Gholson Kercheval, of Chicago, Ill.: for services rendered the said united nation of Indians during the late war, between the U. S. Government and the Sacs and Foxes; and the further sum of one thousand dollars to George E. Walker for services rendered the said United nation, in bringing Indian prisoners, from west of the Mississippi river to Ottawa, Lasalle county, Ill. for whose appearance at the circuit court of said county, the said nation was bound. The foregoing propositions are made with the expectation, that with the exception of the alteration in the proposed boundary, and the indemnity herein demanded as an equivalent for said exchange, the whole of the treaty made and concluded at this place on the 26th and 27th days of September 1833, be ratified as made and concluded at that time, within the space of five months from the present date; otherwise it is our wish that the whole of the said treaty should be considered as cancelled. In witness whereof, we, the undersigned chiefs of the said United Nation of Chippewa, Ottowa, and Pattawatamie Indians, being specially delegated with power and authority to effect this negotiation, have hereto set our hands and seals, at Chicago, in the State of Illinois, on the first day of October, A D 1834. R Caldwell Kee-tshee-zhing-ee-beh, his x mark Tshee-tshee-beeng-guay, his x mark Joseph, his x mark Ob-ee-tah-kee-zhik, his x mark Wau-bon-see, his x mark Kay-kot-ee-mo, his x mark In presence of - Richd J Hamilton Jno H Kenzie Dr P Maxwell, US Army J Grant, jr E M Owen J M Baxley, captain Fifth Infantry [NOTE - This Treaty and Supplementary Articles thereto, were ratified and confirmed, upon the conditions expressed in the two resolutions of the Senate in relation to the same; which conditions as contained in the first named resolution, are as follows: "That the Senate do advise and consent to the ratification of the Treaty, made on the 26th day of September 1833, at Chicago, by George B Porter and others, Commissioners on behalf of the United States, and the United Nation of Chippewas, Ottawas, and Pottawatamies Indians, and the supplementary articles thereto, dated on the 27th day of September, 1833, with the following amendments and provisions, to wit, 1st: amend the third article in Schedule A, by striking out the word "ten" and inserting the word five as to each of the sums to be paid to Billy Caldwell and Alexander Robinson; so that the sum of five thousand dollars only will be paid to each of them, and the sum of ten thousand dollars, thus deducted, to be paid to the Indians. - 2d. All the debts, mentioned in schedule B, in the same article, and which are specified in exhibit E, to the report of the committee, to be examined by a commissioner to be appointed by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate, and the individuals to be paid only the sums found by said commissioner, to have been justly due; in no instance increasing the sum agreed to be paid; and whatever sum is saved by deduction or disallowance of the debts in exhibit E, to be paid to the Indians, and the residue to the claimants respectively. 3d. Strike out article 5th in the Treaty. 4th. Strike out article 4th in the supplementary articles: and provided, that the lands given to the said Indians, in exchange, in place of being bounded in the manner described in the treaty be so changed, that the first line shall begin at the mouth of Boyer's river, and run down the river Missouri to a point thereon from which a line running due east will strike the northwestern corner of the State of Missouri; from that point due east till it strikes said northwest corner; then, along the northern boundary line of said State, till it strikes the line of the land belonging to the Fox and Sac Indians; hence northwardly, so far as to make to the Indians full compensation for the quantity of land which will be thus taken from them on the southwestern part of the tract allowed them by the boundaries as at present described in the treaty; and provided, further, that this alteration of boundaries can be effected with the consent of the Indians. Also the said commissioner shall examine whether three thousand dollars, a part of the sum of seventeen thousand dollars directed to be paid to Robert Stuart agent of the American Fur Company, was to be paid and received in full discharge of all claims and demands which said company had against Gurdon S. Hubbard and James Kinzie; and if he finds it was to be so paid, that then the sum of fourteen thousand dollars, only, be paid, until said agent of said company give a receipt of all debts due, and demands which said company had against said Hubbard and Kinzie; and, upon giving such receipt, that then the said sum of three thousands dollars be likewise paid to said agent." And those contained in the second named resolution are as follows: "That the Senate do advise and consent to the alteration proposed by the Chiefs of the United Nation of Chippewa, Ottawa and Pottawattamie Indians, concluded at Chicago, in the State of Illinois, on the first day of October 1834, to the treaty concluded between the commissioners on the part of the United States and the chiefs of the said United Nation on the 26th of September, 1833:-- it being expressly understood by the Senate that no other of the provisions of the resolution of the Senate of the 22d day of May 1834, ratifying the said treaty, shall be affected, or in any manner changed, by the said proposed alteration of 1st October, 1834, excepting the proposed alteration in the boundaries therein mentioned, and the sums of money therein stipulated to be paid."]
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