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the Roosa-De Jongh Families

By Dirk P. De Young, Avenel, NJ. Former American Consul at Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Provided to us by Mike Holland

The October, 1938, issue of "The New York Genealogical And Biographical Record" contains an article on the Roosa-De Jongh families of America, of interest to all who descend from Aldert or Alert Hymansen Roosa and his wife Wilhelmina De Jongh, early settlers of Ulster COunty, New York. I have noted references to this family in previous issues of "The Record", with some confusion regarding "Wijntje Ariens", the wife of Alert Hymensen Roosa, and her maiden name De Jongh. I am therefore of the opinion that some official records I have gathered on the subject will be of interest, inasmuch as I have authenic data on the ancestry of the wife of Alert Hymansen Roosa going back to 1500 or further. As this is a branch of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's lineage also, it is more interesting. These records have been gathered in an extended research over a period of years, at considerable expense, because my own De Jongh ancestry is out of the same locality.

The "Wijntje Ariens" lineage, as I shall endeavor to make clear from documentary records later, is as follows:

5. Adrian De Jongh, born about 1500
4. Adrian De Jongh, born about 1530
3. Meerten Adrians De Jongh, born about 1560-1570
2. Adrian Meertensen De Jongh, born about 1600
1. Wilhelmina (Wijntje) Ariens De Jongh born about 1630. Wife of
Alert Hymansen Roosa. Arien Ariensen De Jongh, her brother, was
the burgomaster of Herwijnen, and held the power of attorney of
her husband, Alert Hymansen Roosa.

To prove this line I have the following records extracted from the "Gerechtelijke Archieven van de Gerichtbank van Tuil", Province of Gelderland, 1588-1681, the judicial archives of the District Court of the district that embraces Herwijnen.

(1) June 29, 1664. Arien Ariensen De Jongh (this was a brother of "Wijntje Ariens") coveyed land in Herwijnen to Peter Jans Beuschem, by virtue of a power of attorney given him by Alert Hymansen Roosa (husband of Wijntje) on February 28, 1660, and the security given to bind the transaction was Alert Hymansen Roosa's interest in the estate of the late Adrian Meertensen De Jongh, to assure the buyer that any taxes on the same back as far as 1626 would be paid.

The estate mentioned was apparently that of the father of Wilhelmina De Jongh, wife of Alert Hymansen Roosa, as he would have acted for her. This document also indicates that Adrian Meertensen De Jongh was the owner of the land as early as 1626, and it reveals that the father of Adrian Meertensen De Jongh was Meerten.

(2) March 3, 1660. Alert Hymansen Roosa, living in Herwijnen, conveyed half a tract of land as yet undivided between the heirs of Govert Ariensen De Jongh, in Hellouw (a mile or so from Herwijnen), and again he pledged his interest in the estate of the late Adrian Meertensen De Jongh as security for the fulfillment of the contract. It is further proof that the wife of Alert or Aldert Hymansen Roosa was the daughter of Adrian Meertensen De Jongh. The De Jongh family owned large fowler preserves in Hellouw in the seventeenth century.

(3) March 20, 1637. Jan Corneliuse van Munster conveyed land in Hellouw to Meerten Arien's De Jongh, from which we may infer that Meerten De Jongh was the father of Adrian Meertensen De Jongh, the father of Wilhelmina (Wijntje) Ariens De Jongh.

(4) April 26, 1632. Joris Ariensen De Jongh made a conveyance of land in Herwijnen, and gave as security for the contract his interest in the estate of his grandfather, Joris Ariensen De Jongh: This document proves that the above conveyor was, as early as 1632, in Herwijnen, had a great grandfather Adrian De Jongh, who must have been born about 1500 or earlier, and who was probably the great-great-grandfather of Wilhelmina Ariens De Jongh. Other De Jongh families in Holland claim that. (Reference: "Nederlandsche Leeuw", 1922, page 283, and Volume I, page 457).

(5) January 11, 1631. Adriaen Evertsen Groot, heir of Jan Adriensen Groot, conveyed land in Herwijnen to Adrian Adriensen Joriazoon De Jongh-Adrian, son of Adrian, son of Joris, son of Adrian De Jongh, which again throws the De Jongh ancestry of that locality back to an Adrian De Jongh born not later than 1500.

Although the name of the family of De Jonghs was sometimes spelled "de Jong", or "D'Jong", in the judicial archives it was almost always spelled "De Jongh", and the signatures were invariably written "De Jongh". I have also extracted numerous documents from the old wills preserved in Gorinchem, a few miles from Herwijnen, where the family name was also invariably spelled "De Jongh". The name "Adrian" is also found in practically all branches of the family, and records in Gorinchem reveal "Adrian De Jonghs" earlyier even than in Herwijnen and in our branch of the family as late as my grandfather the given name "Adrian" prevailed.

I have tried, so far in vain, to trace the origin of this De Jongh family back to the De Jonghe family of Ghent and Bruges, where their arms were registered as early as 1280, one of the patrician families of Flanders. It is my belief, however, that we do spring from that origin, where the letter "h" in our name had its origin. The families of the name of Holland origin rarely used the letter "h". In Herwijnen, and elsewhere, these de Jonghs generally held official positions where they resided.

A grandson of Adrian Meertensen De Jongh, the father of Wilhelmina Ariens De Jongh, namely Dominus (Reverend) Martinus Adrianuse De Jongh, born in 1704, became a very noted Dutch Reformed minister and was the minister of the Dutch church in London for many years, and a son, a grandson, and a great grandson of his, were all great preachers in their day. The great
grandson of said Ds. Martinus Adrianuse De Jongh has quite a story on the family in "Navorscher", published in 1904. He states that he has a silver signet with the family arms and a silver cachet of some antiquity on which the name "Adriaen De Jongh" is written. In that article, written by M.J. De Jongh, is described the physical characteristics of his forefathers
as the large and well-built type, keen-minded men, of zealous and crusading nature. Longevity he states also was common among them, and they had a fiery delivery as ministers. That corresponds with other data I have collected on other branches of this De Jongh family of Herwijnen and even in my own branch longevity and zealousness in a cause have been outstanding traits.


Added July 3, 2006