Berkeley County, West Virginia Biography of Dr. Newton Diehl BAKER


         Dr. Newton Diehl Baker was born in Martinsburg, Berkeley County, West Virginia, on October 3, 1841. His father, Elias Baker, was a saddler. Dr. Baker married Mary BILLMYER, whose family were large landowners in Jefferson County, West Virginia. Through this marriage, he became a man of substantial property and after an unsuccessful adventure in southern Virginia with an iron mill, he went to Martinsburg and then to Shepherdstown where he had a general country store in each place.

         At 19, he entered the Confederate army and remained in Stuartís Cavalry until the end of the Civil war. His father supported the union and was appointed by President Lincoln to be the postmaster of Shepherdstown, a position he held throughout the war. On his return from the war in 1865, Newton Baker went to Baltimore to study medicine at the University of Maryland. He had attended one year at Wittenburg College at Springfield, Ohio, but hadnít completed his course work. In 1867, he graduated from the University of Maryland as a physician and moved back to Martinsburg, where he bought the home and practice of a Dr. Quigley. From that time until his death in 1909, he practiced medicine there. That home on E. Burke Street was later owned by Dr. James H. Shipper.

    Submitted by Marilyn Gouge and extracted from Submitted by Marilyn Gouge and extracted from History of Berkeley County, West Virginia, 1928.

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