Berkeley County, West Virginia BENDER Biographies


    Biography of Harold H. BENDER

         Harold M. Bender, the son of I. Lewis and Margaret Eleanore (Kline) Bender, was born in Martinsburg, Berkeley County, West Virginia, on April 20, 1882.

         In 1924, he married Amelia Oshcom Hetzel of Martinsburg; she was born September 3, 1910. They had one son, John Lewis Bender.

         His biography, accomplishments, and affiliations, as quoted in Who’s Who in America, include the following: A.B., Lafayette College, 1903; PH.D. Johns Hopkins, 1907; University of Berlin, 1907-08; Phil. L.D., University of Kovno, Lithiania, 1922; Litt.D., Lafayette College, 1924; University Fellow in Sanskrit and Comparative Philogy, Johns Hopkins, 1906-07; instructor in Modern Languages, 1908-12; assistant professor and perceptor in Modern Languages, 1912-18; professor of Indo-Germanic Philology, 1918-?; chairman of the Department of Oriental Languages and Literatures, 1927-?, Princeton University; member of American Philological Association, American Oriental Society (director 1923-26), Modern Language Association of America, Modern Humanities Research Association, Gesellschaft fur Deutsche Philologie (Berlin); American Association of University Professors (member of council, 1923-26); Oriental Club of Philadelphia (president 1923-24); Baltic American Society (director and member of executive committee); American Association for the Advancement of Science, Linguistic, Society of America (foundation member); Altorientalalische Gessellschraft (Berlin); Phi Beta Kappa; Phi Delta Theta; Sons of the American Revolution; Nassau (Princeton), Princeton (New York), Contributor to American and European Philological journals, various articles on grammar, syntax, accent and etymology. Author: The Suffixes Many and Vant in Sanskrit and Aveston, 1910; author, German Short Stories, 1920; on the Lithuanian Word-Stock as Indo-European Material (in Studies in Honor of Maurice Bloomfield), 1920; A Lithuanian Etymological Index, 1921; The Tome of the Indo-Europeans, 1922; The Selection of Undergraduates, 1926. Lived in Princeton, New Jersey and summered in Orient, Long Island, New York.

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    Biography of I. Lewis BENDER

         I. Lewis BENDER was born at Bendersville, Pennsylvania, in 1850, a town founded by two of his ancestors. He moved to Martinsburg, Berkeley County, in 1876 and bought a one-third interest in the lumber business of Mosser and Company. A few years later he and his brother, Lee M. Bender, formed a partnership trading under the firm name of I.L. Bender & Bro., thereby acquiring the entire business.

         The business prospered and, in 1896, when I.L. Bender was elected clerk of the county court of Berkeley County, he sold his share to his brother, Lee. I.L. was elected a second term by a small majority of four votes and at that time occurred the celebrated Doll and Bender contest. Mr. Frank W. Doll, his Democratic opponent, contested the election and it was a case of litigation in the courts for a number of months. The case was finally settled in favor of Mr. Bender, who in the meantime, was holding the office.

         In 1908, I.L. Bender died and his son, Harold H. Bender, was appointed to fill the unexpired term to January 1, 1909.

         I.L. Bender, together with his brother, Lee M. Bender, were among the pioneers of the apple industry of the county, being among the first to plant large commercial apple orchards in the Shenandoah Valley in Berkeley County.

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    Biography of Lee M. BENDER

         Lee M. Bender was born in Bendersville, Pennsylvania, is 1854. Together with his brother, I.L. Bender, he moved to Berkeley County in 1876 and established the firm of I.L. Bender & Bro., dealers in lumber, coal and wood. When his brother was elected clerk of the county court of Berkeley County, he acquired the share of his brother and conducted the business in his own name for a number of years.

         He was one of the builders of Greater Martinsburg, having built number of houses throughout the town which he sold to home seekers at a nominal profit and on long terms.

         Lee M. was a constant worker in the Methodist Episcopal Church, having been a deacon of that church for many years and an organizer of the Berkeley County Sunday School League.


    Submitted by Marilyn Gouge and extracted from Submitted by Marilyn Gouge and extracted from History of Berkeley County, West Virginia, 1928.


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