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Berkeley County West Virginia Biography of Dr. James Pendleton CARTER

         Dr. James Pendleton CARTER was born July 7, 1830, in Culpepper County, Virginia, his father moving to Loudon County when James P. was 3 years old. His father, James S. Carter, 89 (in 1884) and Abner Carter of Warren County, Virginia, were the surviving members of a family of seven sons of Thomas Carter, whose father was King Carter, a country gentleman who came to America from England in the colonial days and settled in Virginia, becoming the progenitor of a long line of Carters, many of whom were living in Virginia in 1884.

         James S. Carter was a veteran of the 1812 war and was married twice. After his first wife, Susan E. Gatewood, died, he married again on May 31, 1825 to Jemima Leith, third daughter of William Leith of Loudon County, whose parents emigrated to America from Scotland. The children of James S. and Jemima Carter included four daughters and four sons. The daughters were Louisa Carter, Susan Carter, Amanda Carter, and Fannie Carter; the sons included James P. Carter, the subject of this biography; William Carter, the eldest son, who was living near Middleburg, Virginia, in 1884; and Robert C. Carter and Dilwin S. Carter, who enlisted as privates in the Confederate service in May 1861 under Captain Welby Carter, 1st Virginia Cavalry Dilwin was killed near Louisa Courthouse on June 4, 1864 and Robert continued in service through the end of the war, returning home in ill health, engaged in farming, married Anne Baldwin, and died in 1873, leaving two sons, Elmer Carter and Robert Carter.

         James Pendleton Carter was educated at Lisbon Institute, studying medicine with his uncle, Dr. T.L.R. Leith, and graduated from the University of Maryland March 1, 1852, after which he relocated to Berkeley County, moving first to Bunker Hill, then to Middletown in the spring of 1854. Two years later, he moved to Gerrardstown where he continued to practice medicine.

         On October 12, 1853, in New Market, Maryland, he and Mary S. Stier were married. She was the daughter of Henry and Anne (Burgess) Stier and granddaughter of Colonel Jack Burgess of Montgomery County, Maryland. James P. and Mary Carter had eight children: Merville Hamilton Carter, Vallie Burgess Carter, Nannie E. Carter, Mary E. Carter (died in 1864), Fannie Leith Carter, Mable Lee Carter, Allen Leroy Carter and James Earle Carter. The eldest son, Merville H., was born in Middletown, Frederick County, Virginia, August 20, 1856, was educated at New Market, Virginia, taught school for two terms in Berkeley County, studied medicine with his father, graduated from the College of Physicians and Surgeons on March 6, 1878, and practiced medicine at Shanghai, Berkeley County. He married Emma Shephard Gold on May 20, 1880. She was the daughter of William H. and Margaret (Wood) Gold and granddaughter of Daniel and Phebe (Muir) Gold of Winchester, Virginia, and of William Wood, Esq., a native of Frederick County, Virginia, and a representative in the legislature of that state.

         Dr. James P. Carter receives his mail at the Gerrardstown post office, Berkeley County, West Virginia.

    Submitted by Marilyn Gouge and extracted from West Virginia Heritage Encyclopedia, a reprint of Hardesty's Historical and Geographical Encyclopedia Berkeley County, WV, Biographies List, 1884.

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