Berkeley County, West Virginia Biography of Elisa Boyd FAULKNER


         Elisha Boyd FAULKNER was born at “Boydville,” Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia, on July 24, 1841. He was educated in private schools, the Winchester Academy, Georgetown College, and University of Virginia. He attended lectures on constitutional law in Paris, France, while his father, Charles James Faulkner, was U.S. Minister to France.

         He lived in Kentucky from 1867 to 1872, leaving West Virginia because of the “test oath” required to be taken at that time. He returned to Martinsburg in 1872, was elected to the West Virginia House of Delegates in 1876 and to the state Senate in 1878; declined presidency of the Senate; appointed a member of the Revising Committee by the Legislature to revise the laws of the State; defeated for the nomination of Governor at the Democratic State Convention at Wheeling in 1884; was tendered during President Cleveland’s administration the office of Consul General and Agent at Cairo, Egypt (1885) and Minister to Persia, but declined both; and appointed Judge of the 13th Judicial District of West Virginia — re-elected three terms with little opposition, serving 21 years.

         He volunteered with the Confederate Army in 1861; first entered Wise Artillery; second, the Rockbridge Artillery; third, appointed on the Staff of Governor Letcher of Virginia; fourth, appointed Captain in the Army; captured at the battle of Piedmont, June 1864, when General W.E. Jones was killed, and was confined on Johnson’s Island for a year; received wounds in the ear at the first battle of Manassas from fragment of bursting shell; and fought throughout the war. The most important engagements in which he participated were Manassas (first) and Cedar Creek, February 11, 1863. Judge Faulkner died in 1917, one child succeeding him — Mary Buckner Faulkner, an active worker in the First Baptist Church of Martinsburg and charities.


    Submitted by Marilyn Gouge and extracted from History of Berkeley County, West Virginia, 1928

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