Berkeley County, West Virginia Rt. Rev. John Joseph KAIN


         John Joseph KAIN was born at Martinsburg, Virginia, May 31, 1841, the son of Jeremiah and Ellen (Murphy) Kain, and grandson of John and Margaret (Ryan) Kain. He graduated at an early age from St Charles College, Ellicott’s City, Howard County, Maryland, in 1862, completed a course in theology and philosophy at the Theological seminary of St. Mary’s university, Baltimore, Maryland, and was there ordained a priest by Archbishop Spalding, July 2, 1866, and assigned to the missions of Harper’s Ferry and Martinsburg, West Virginia, his mission extending to eight counties in West Virginia and Virginia. During his pastorate, he built up the churches in place of those destroyed during the Civil War.

    He was named to be bishop of Wheeling, West Virginia, February 21, 1875, as successor to the Rt. Rev. Richard Vincent Whelan, D.D., deceased, and he was consecrated May 23, 1875 by Archbishop Bayley, assisted by Bishops Gibbons and Becker. He was appointed titular archbishop of Oxyrynchia i.p.i. and coadjutor cum jure successionis of the archbishop of St. Louis, May 21, 1893, was translated June 15, 1893, and was made administrator of that diocese, December 14, 1893. He was created archbishop of St. Louis, May 21, 1895, to succeed Archbishop Kenrick.


    Submitted by Marilyn Gouge and extracted from The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans, Volume VI, 1904; Herringshaw’s Encyclopedia of American Biography of the Nineteenth Century, Appenda, 1902; and West Virginia Prominent Men, 1884.

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