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Kanawha County WV Census Records

Kanawha county was formed in 1789 and was a part of Virginia until 1863 when West Virginia separated from Virginia. Federal census records are available to the public beginning in 1810 and ending in 1920.

1800 Federal Census

This census took the names of only the heads of households and listed the number of white persons within certain age categories and also the number of all other free persons and slaves within a household. This census is not available for Kanawha county. Kanawha county had a total population of 3,239 persons in 1810.

1810 Federal Census

This census took the names of only the heads of households and listed the number of white persons within certain age categories and also the number of all other free persons and slaves within a household. This census is found on NARA microfilm series M252 and Kanawha county is on roll 69.Kanawha county had a total population of 3,866 persons in 1810.

1820 Federal Census

This census is similar to the one for 1810, but totaled the number of family members and slaves within age categories. It also inquired if the head of household was a foreigner who was not naturalized. This census is found on NARA microfilm series M33 and Kanawha county is on roll 142. Kanawha county had a total population of 6,399 persons in 1820.

1830 Federal Census

The 1830 census was similar to the 1820 census, but included more age categories. This census is found on NARA microfilm series M19 and Kanawha county is on roll 191. Kanawha county had a population of 9,326 persons in 1830.

1840 Federal Census

The 1840 census was similar to the 1830 census, but also took the names of Revolutionary War pensioners living within each household.. This census is found on NARA microfilm series M704 and Kanawha county is on roll 566. Kanawha county had a population of 13,567 persons in 1840.

1850 Federal Census

The 1850 census was the first to list all the names of members of the household and included additional categories for their specific age, occupation of adults, place of birth, and value of their real estate. This census is found on NARA microfilm series M432 and Kanawha county is on roll 954 (free schedules) and roll 989 (slave schedules). Kanawha county had a population of 15,353 persons in 1850.

1860 Federal Census

The 1860 census included the same information as the 1850 schedules, but added a category for value of personal estates. This census is found on NARA microfilm series M653 and Kanawha county is on roll 1356 (free schedules) and roll 1392 (slave schedules). Kanawha county had a population of 16,966 persons in 1860.

1870 Federal Census

The 1870 census included the same information as the 1860 schedules, but also asked whether each individual's parent was of foreign birth and whether the adult males were US citizens. This census is found on NARA microfilm series M593 and Kanawha county is on roll 1690. Kanawha county had a population of 22,349 persons in 1870.

1880 Federal Census

The 1880 census not only listed all the members of each household, but also recorded the relationship of each person to the head of household. The birthplace of the parents of each person was also listed. This census is found on NARA microfilm series T9 and Kanawha county is found on rolls 1405 and 1406. There is also a Soundex index found on NARA microfilm series T778 for all of West Virginia. This index includes families which had school age children. It includes 32 rolls. Kanawha county had a population of 32,466 persons in 1880.

1890 Federal Census

Most of the 1890 census schedules were destroyed by fire (and water from extinguishing the fire) and so are not available. The 1890 census included a Special Veterans Census which lists the Union veterans of the Civil War, the unit they served in, and the length of time they served. This schedule is available to the public and is found in the M123 Series of microfilm from the NARA; Kanawha county is on roll 110. Kanawha county had a population of 42,756 persons in 1890.

1900 Federal Census

The 1900 census contains the most information of all the released census schedules available. It includes the names of each person in the household, their relationship to the head of household, color, month and year of birth, age, marital status and address. The number of years a couple were married and the number of children that the wife has had were listed. The birthplaces of each individual and their parents were recorded and whether each was a citizen. The year of immigration for immigrants and whether they could speak English is shown. Also recorded are occupations of the adults, whether they owned or rented their home and whether a mortgage was owed. This census is found on NARA microfilm series T623 and Kanawha county is on rolls 1761 and 1762. The Soundex index for West Virginia is on NARA microfilm series T1078 and includes 92 rolls. Kanawha county had a population of 54,696 persons in 1900.

1910 Federal Census

The 1910 census recorded the names of each individual and their relationship to the head of household, their sex, color, age, marital status and length of marriage. The number of children born to each mother and the number still living was listed. For immigrants the years of immigration and citizen status was asked. The language spoken was also recorded. The occupation of adults and whether they were an employee or employer or self-employed was shown. The number of weeks a person was unemployed the previous year was recorded. Also appearing on this census is whether each adult could read and write, if each child attended school the past year and whether the home was rented or owned and if owned, whether a mortgage was owed. Disabilities were recorded and finally survivors of the Civil War were listed as Union or Confederate army or navy. This census can be found on NARA microfilm series T624 and Kanawha county is on rolls 1684 and 1685. The Miracode index for West Virginia is on NARA microfilm series T1279 and includes 108 rolls. Kanawha county had a population of 81,457 persons in 1910.

1920 Federal Census

The 1920 census was similar to the 1910 census, but omitted questions about service in the Union or Confederate army, unemployment, and how long a couple have been married and how many children they have. New questions were added about the mother tonque of the persons and their parents and the year of naturalization. This census can be found on NARA microfilm series T625 and Kanawha county is on rolls 1957, 1958 and 1959. The Soundex index for West Virginia is on NARA microfilm series M1594 and includes 109 rolls.

1930 Federal Census

1940 Federal Census

1950 Federal Census

1960 Federal Census

1970 Federal Census

1980 Federal Census

Kanawha county had a total population of 231,414.

1990 Federal Census

Kanawha county had a total population of 207,619.


Miscellaneous Kanawha County Census
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