WYOMING—OLD AND NEW


BY
I. S. BARTLET

Where Nature held her solitary reign
Through the long cycles of the ages past
Where lofty mountains burst above the plain
Creating solitudes profound and vast.

Where the strong billows of the foothills break
On mountain walls like sea waves upon the strand;
Where mighty canyons and dark forests make
The wilderness an ancient wonderland

Remote from mans dominion, wild and free,
A spell of deep enchantment o'er the east;
Here wrought the power of Natures alchemy
To make a new and better land at last.

Where men and women brave all perils meet,
And wring from Destiny her promise late,
Which points the path of Empire to their feet
And shows the firm foundations of a State.
  
  
FOREWORD
    The history of Wyoming, in all its details and phases, presents a story of gripping human interest. Sixty years ago great herds of antelope and buffalo roamed over the plains, elk and deer by thousands found shelter in the foothills and mountain ranges, while predatory animals, such as timber wolves, bears and mountain lions, held undisputed possession of the forests. The soil was then untouched by the plow of the husbandman, the groves and forests had not yet echoed the sound of the woodman's ax, the rich treasures of coal and ore had not felt the stroke of the miner's pick, and the only civilized persons who had penetrated the vast, primeval solitudes were the trappers, hunters, Indian traders and missionaries, or the emigrants on their way to the gold fields of California or the Mormon settlement at the Great Salt Lake.
    Then came the cry of "Westward Ho!" and the spirit of Wyoming's dream was changed. Brawny, red-blooded men came flocking in from the older states and began a work of development unparalleled in the nation's history. Great irrigating systems were constructed, arid lands were reclaimed, and the desert was made to "blossom as the rose." Thousands of cattle and sheep grazed where once the antelope and bison held their undisputed sway. The immense deposits of coal, iron and the precious metals were made to give up their wealth for the benefit of mankind. The drill penetrated the subterranean lakes of oil to add to the comforts of the human race the resources that had lain concealed through all the centuries of the past. The council wigwam of the Indian has given way to halls of legislation, the war-whoop of the savage has been supplanted by the hum of peaceful industry, and all this development has been made within the memory of people yet living.
    To tell the story of this wonderful progress, as well as to give accounts of the pre-historic inhabitants, the trappers, traders and early explorers; to keep green the memories of the past: to recount the deeds and achievements of the Wyoming pioneers, that subsequent generations may emulate their worthy examples and profit by their mistakes, is the purpose of this history. How well that purpose has been attained is for the reader to determine.
    The work has been one involving great care and labor, but the publishers confidently assert that no effort has been spared to make this History of Wyoming both authentic and comprehensive. Authentic, because, as far as possible, the official records have been drawn upon as sources of information: and comprehensive, because, it is believed, no important event connected with Wyoming's growth and development has been overlooked or neglected.
    Much credit is due to the old settlers of the state, whose letters, scrap-books and personal recollections have contributed in no small degree to the compilation of the history. Letters were written to county ofificials and others, asking for incidents connected with local history, and, while a few failed to respond, much information was obtained through this channel.
    The editor and publishers take this opportunity to acknowledge their obligations to these old settlers and county officials for their willing cooperation; to the various state officers and their assistants for their aid in consulting the public records; to Bishop Nathaniel S. Thomas, who permitted the use of his large and well assorted private library; and to the state librarian. Miss Agnes R. Wright, and her assistants for their unifonn courtesies while the work was in course of preparation.
    Our thanks are also due to Governor Frank L. Houx for his contribution to this history on "Wyoming, the New Oil State"; to Albert B. Bartlett, for his valuable paper on the "Geology of Wyoming"; to Hon. W. E. Chaplin, for data relating to the early history of the Press of the state; to Bishop Patrick A. McGovern, for material relating to the early history of the Catholic church, and to Dr. Grace Raymond Hebard of the University of Wyoming, for access to her extensive personal collections relating to Wyoming history.
    The hearty cooperation of these and other good people over the state has made our task a pleasant one and has greatly enhanced the interest and value of the work.
THE S. J. CLARKE PUBLISHING COMPANY.


CHAPTER I
WYOMING—A GENERAL VIEW
Topography—Rivers and Lakes—Forests—Game and Fish—Remarkable Scenery—Climate—Precipitation—Classification of Lands—Mineral Resources—Productions—Industrial Developement—Irrigation and Dry Farming ... 17
CHAPTER II
WYOMINGS PREHISTORIC RACES
Recent Archaeological Discoveries—Scientific Explorations—Ancient Arboriginal Quarries—The So-Called "Spanish Diggins"—Ancient System of Mining—Description of Stone Implements—Shop and Village Sites—Later Quarries Found—Should be a National Park—Theories of the Antiquity of the Specimens—Cave Dwellings—The Medicine Wheels of the Big Horn Mountains—Discoveries in Bridger Basin—Story of the Pre-Historic Animals and the Great Fossil Fields of Wyoming ... 31
CHAPTER III
YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK
First Inhabitants—Indian Trails—Origin of the Name "Yellowstone"—General Description, Surface, Watercourses, Etc.—Geology—The Geysers—John Coulter—Jim Bridger—Exploring Expeditions—Management of the Park—An animal Sanctuary—Birds and Fish ... 45
CHAPTER IV
INDIAN HISTORY
Evidences of an Ancient Civilization—The Indian Race—Tribal Distribution at the Close of the Fifteenth Century—Wyoming Tribes—The Arapaho—Tradition of the Flood—The Cheyenne—The Crow—The Shoshone—Chief Washakie—Other Tribes—Foreign Policy Toward the Indians—The United States Policy—Adoption of the Treaty System—Treaty of Fort Laramie—Boundaries of Tribal Domains—Treaty With The Sioux—The Crow Treaty—Cheyenne and Arapaho Treaty—Treaty of Fort Bridger—Wind River Reservation ... 59
CHAPTER V
WYOMING UNDER VARIOUS JURISDICTIONS
First Claimed by Spain—De Soto's Expedition—Ffrench Explorations—Marquette and Joliet—La Salle's Expeditions—The Mexican Cession—Annexation of Texas—Oregon Boundary Dispute—Nebraska—Territory of Dakota—Idaho—Recapitulation ... 75
CHAPTER VI
THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE
La Salle's Claim to the Country Drained by the Mississippi—Controversy Over the Navigation of the Mississippi River—Treaty of Madrid—Napoleon and Talleyrand Secret Treaty of San Ildefonso—Retrocession of Louisiana to France—Sentiment in the United States—Jefferson's Diplomacy—Livingston and Monroe—Purchase of Louisiana—Full Text of the Treaty of Paris—Ceremony of Transfer—The Temporary Government—Division of the Province ... 84
CHAPTER VII
THE FUR TRADERS
Beginning of the Fur Trade—The French the Pioneers—Free Traders and Trappers—Influence of the Trader and Trapper on the Developement of the West—The Hudson Bay Company—The North-West Company—The American Fur Company—The Pacific Fur Company—Manuel Lisa—The Missouri Fur Company—Hunt's Expedition—Return of the Astorians—Rocky Mountain Fur Company—Smith, Jackson & Sublette—Sketches of Noted Trappers—Columbia Fur Company—The Mackinaw Company—Trading Posts in Wyoming ... 93
CHAPTER VIII
EXPLORERS AND EXPLORATIONS
Early Explorations in America Chiefly Along the Coast—Coronado's Expedition—On to Quivira—Other Spanish Expeditions—Verendrye—Lewis and Clark—Hancock and Dixon—Lieutenant Pike—Ezekiel Williams—Long's Expedition—Nathaniel J. Wyeth—Wyeth's Second Expedition—Captain Bonneville—Father De Smet—John C. Fremont—His Second Expedition—Captain Stansbury—Warren's Expedition—Captain Raynolds ... 109
CHAPTER IX
MORMONS AND ARGONAUTS
Origin and History of the Mormon Church—Early Mormon Colonies—Opposition—The Mormon Battalion—Winter Quarters—The Emigration—The Scare of 1857-58—Johnson's Expedition—Westward Ho—The Argonauts—Discovery of Gold in California—The Excitement—The Overland Route—Success and Failure—Sutter and Marshall ... 124
CHAPTER X
STORIES OF THE PIONEERS
Fish as Brain Food—A Mountain Trip in 1879—A Frontier Mining Camp—Story of the Lost Cabin Gold Placers—John Hunton and Old Fort Laramie—Other Pioneers of Note—Frank Grouard, The Famous Scout—Sacajawea, The Indian Girl Pathfinder—Caspar Collins and Old Platte Bridge—Luke Voorhees and Early Stage Coach Days—Ben. Holliday in a Hold Up—Stories of a Pioneer Preacher—The Cowboys Prayer ... 134
CHAPTER XI
TERRITORIAL HISTORY
Early Names Applied to Wyoming—The Period of Settlement—Opening of the Mines—Influence of the Union Pacific Railroad—Beginning of Cheyenne—Vigilance Committee—The Ashley Bill—The Organic Act—Governor Faulk's Message—Government Organized—Campbell's Administration—First Election—First Legislature—Territorial Seal—Legislature of 1871—Third Legislature—Thayer's Administration—Legislative Sessions—Hoyt's Administration—Legislature of 1879—Seventh Legislature—Hale's Administration—Eighth Legislature—Warren's Administration—Riot at Rock Springs—Ninth Legislature—Capital Building—Tenth Legislature—Capital Building Again—Warren's Second Administration—Last Territorial Legislature ... 161
CHAPTER XII
ADMISSION TO THE UNION
Dreams of Statehood—Memorial of 1888—Presented to Congress—Bills Introduced—Action in Wyoming—Governor Warren's Proclamation—Constitutional Convention—Carey Congratulated—Celebrating the Event—First Election for State Officers ... 185
CHAPTER XIII
WOMAN SUFFRAGE
Wyoming the First Equal Suffrage State—Text of the Bill—The Men Who Dared—New State Progressive—Legislative History of the Act—House Proceedings—Racy Debate—The Bill in the Council—Amended in the House—Approved by the Governor—Newspaper Comment—The Country Surprised—Attempt to Repeal—Its Acknowledged Success—The First Woman Jury—The First Woman Justice of the Peace—Suffrage in the Constitutional Convention—Notes and Comments—Bill Nye's Humorous Report ... 197
CHAPTER XIV STATE
GOVERNMENT INAUGURATED
First Political Convention—First State Election—First state Legislature—Election of United States Senators—Resignation of Governor Warren—Barber,s Administration—Political Campaign of 1892—A Political Dispute—Osborne Takes Possession of the Governors Office—The Carbon County Case—The Moore Pardon—Osborne's Administration—Second Legislature—The State Seal—The Senatorial Deadlock—Columbian Exposition—Election of 1894 ... 213
CHAPTER XV
FROM RICHARDS TO BROOKS
W. A. Richards' Administration—Third Legislature—Value of Public Buildings—Revising the Statutes—State Historical Society—Memorials to Congress—Political Campaigns of1896—Fourth Legislature—Trans-Mississippi Exposition—Campaign of 1898—De Forest Richards' Administration—Fifth Legislature—Outlawry—Election—Election of 1900—Sixth Legislature—Governor,s Residence—Pan-American Exposition—Election of 1902—Seventh Legislature—Campaign of 1904—Brooks Administration—Fifth Legislature—Lewis and Clark Exposition—Election of 1906 ... 225
CHAPTER XVI
FROM BROOKS TO HOUX
Ninth Legislature—Political Campaign of 1908—Tenth Legislature—Election of 1910—Carey's Administration—Eleventh Legislature—Apportionment of State Senators and Representatives—Direct Primary Law—Corrupt Practices Act—Battleship Wyoming—Western Governors' Special Campaign of 1912—Twelth Legislature—The State Fair—Miscellaneous Acts—Political Campaign of 1914—Kendrick's Administration—Thirteenth Legislature—Workmen's Compensation Act—Miscellaneous Legisation—Campaign of 1916—Fourteenth Legislature—Prohibition Question—The Constitutional Ammendment—Highway Commission—State Flag and Flower—General Laws—Houx's Administration—War With Germany ... 242
CHAPTER XVII
STATE INSTITUTIONS
State Board of Charities and Reform—State Hospital for the Insane—Wyoming State Penitentiary—Wyoming Soldiers' and Sailors' Home—Wyoming General Hospital—Sheridan and Casper Branch Hospitals—Big Horn Hot Springs Reserve—Wyoming School for Defectives—Wyoming Industrial Institute—Deaf, Dumb and Blind—The State Capital ... 263
CHAPTER XVIII
EARLY MILITARY HISTORY
First United States Troops in Wyoming—First Military Posts—The Oregon Battalion—Early Indian Troubles—Protecting the Overland—Raids Along the Platte—Powder River Expedition—Affair at Platte Bridge—The Bozeman Road—The Fetterman Massacre—Red Clouds Defeat—The Troops Withdrawn—Sioux Rids on Wind River—Campaign of 1876—Custer's Last Fight—Peace at Last ... 274
CHAPTER XIX
SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR
Spain's Oppression of Cuba—The Ten Years' War—Revolution of 1895—Weyler's Cruelty—Protests of the United States—Destruction of the Maine—Congress Declares War—President McKinley's Call For Volunteers—Wyoming's Response—The Infantry Battalion—Roster of Each of the Companies—In the Philippines—The Wyoming Battery—Torrey's Rough Ride—Camp Cuba Libre—Soldiers' Monument ... 289
CHAPTER XX
FORTS AND MILITARY POSTS
Early Trading Posts—Fort Laramie—Fremont's Description—Parkman's First Glimpses—General Kearney and the Indians—Early Explorers—The Fort Established—Tide of Emigration—Expeditions and Treaties—The Romance of AH-HO-AP-PA—Unique Burial Ceremonies—The Sequal—Forts Bridger, Walbach, Halleck, Casper,Reno, Sanders, Phillip Kearney, Fetterman, Fred Steele, Washakie, Stambaugh, McKinney, Mackenzie—Forts in Adjoining States ... 305
CHAPTER XXI
EARLY TRANSPORTATION METHODS
Progress of Four Score Years—Early Trails—The Oregon Trail—Camping Places in Wyoming—Marking the Trail—The Pony Express—Day of the Stage Coach—The Overland Line—Changing the Route—Ben Holliday—Educating a Tenderfoot—Marking the Overland—Cheyenne and Black Hills Stage Line—Perils of Stage Coaching—Road Agents—Passing of the Stage Coach—Freighting Across the Plains ... 325
CHAPTER XXII
HISTORY OF WYOMING RAILROADS
First Railroads in the United States—Early Opposition—A Wise School Board—The Union Pacific—Credit Mobilier—The Central Pacific—Miscellaneous Facts About the Union Pacific—Chicago and Northwestern—Colorado, Wyoming and Eastern—Oregon Short Line—Minor Railroads—Railraod Mileage of the State—Aid to Railroads ... 340
CHAPTER XXIII
AGRICULTURE IN WYOMING
Farm Life in Wyoming—Agricultural Production—Farming Conditions—Our Advantages—Swift Progress Under the New Methods—Dry Farming as a Science—Antiquity of Dry Farming—Irrigation Farming—Precipitation—Early Irrigation—Expense of Big Projects—Economic Use of Water—U. S. Reclamation Projects—Pathfinder Projects—Carey Act Projects—Best Irrigation Laws—Future Irrigationn Developement—Success in Co-Operation ... 352
CHAPTER XXIV
THE LIVE STOCK INDUSTRY
Origin of the Cattle Business—The Great Grass Ranges—The Call of the Wild—Early Cattle Growing Methods—Possession Nine Points—Improved Conditions—Old Texas Trail—Sheep and Wool Industry—Early Conditions—Range Disputes—Better Conditions—Forest Grazing—Wool Production—Horse Raising in Wyoming ... 363
CHAPTER XXV
MINERAL RESOURCES
Geology of Wyoming—Geology of Oil, Iron and Coal—Early Oil Discoveries—Developement of the Oil Industry—Iron Deposits—History of the Hartville Iron Industry—The Sunrise Iron Mines—Wyoming's Great Coal Measures—History of the Industry, Production, Etc.—Metallic Ores, Gold, Silver Copper, Etc.—Other Valuable Deposits—Official Catalogue of Wyoming's Minerals in 1916 ... 376
CHAPTER XXVI
FINANCIAL HISTORY
Early Conditions in Wyoming—Financial Growth—Assessments of 1889 and 1917 Compared—Public Revenues—The Bonded Debt—Security—Banking, Origin of—Banks in the United States—Wyoming Banks—State Banking Laws—Banks in 1890—Pioneer Bankers—Banks in 1918—State Bankers Associaition ... 412
CHAPTER XXVII
HISTORY OF EDUCATION IN WYOMING
Foundation of the School System—Great School Revenues—The Beginning—First Legislative Enactments—The First Report—Conditions in 1877—First Statistics Available—Statehood—Text Books and Curriculum—Teachers' Institutes—The Steever Cadet System—High Schools—Kindergartens—Private and Secular Schools—Other Schools—The Present System—Census and Apportionment by Counties—School Statistics in 1916—University of Wyoming ... 428
CHAPTER XXVIII
THE WYOMING PRESS
Origin of Newspapers—First Publications in Europe and the United States—First Newspapers in Wyoming—The Leader—Wyoming State Tribune—Other Early Cheyenne Newspapers—Newspapers of Laramie—The Laramie Boomarang—The Laramie Republican—Other Wyoming Publications—"e;Bill"e; Nye—"Bill Barlow"e;—Wyoming Newspaper Statistics in 1918 ... 45O
CHAPTER XXIX
BENCH AND BAR OF WYOMING
Origin of Civil Law—Purpose of the Courts—Tendency to Criticize—The Lawyer as a Citizen—Territorial Courts—Mention of Early Judges—Under the Constitution—The Supreme Court—District Courts—List of Judges—Minicipal Courts—United States Courts—The Wyoming Bar—Character Sketches of Early Lawyers—State Bar Association—A few Noted Cases—The Race Horse Case ... 462
CHAPTER XXX
RELIGION IN WYOMING
Beginnings of Missionary Work in Wyoming—The Catholoc Church—The Episcopal Church—The Congregational Church—Methodist Episcopal Church—The Baptist Church—The Presbyterian ... 476
CHAPTER XXXI
THE COUNTIES OF WYOMING
The Twenty-One Counties—Albany—Bighorn—Campbell—Carbon—Converse—Crook—Fremont—Goshen—Hot Springs—Johnson—Laramie—Lincoln—Natrona—Nobara—Park—Platte—Sheridan—Sweetwater—Uinta—Washakie—Weston—Historical Sketch of Each—Date of Organization—Boundaries—Early Settlers—Topography—Resources—Transportation Facilities—Population and Wealth, etc. ... 503
CHAPTER XXXII
THE STORY OF CHEYENNE
How the City Was Located—General Dodge's Account—The First Settlers—Organizing a Government—The First Election—A New Charter—Vigilance Committee—Early Justice—"Judge" Bean—Early Business Interests—Cheyenne Rangers—When Ten Years Old—The Postoffice—Public Utilities—Twentieth Century Cheyenne ... 548
CHAPTER XXXIII
CITIES AND TOWNS
Afton—Baggs—Basin—Big Piney—Buffalo—Burns—Byron—Cambria—Casper— Cody—Cokeville—Cowley—
Dayton—Diamondville—Dietz—Dixon— Douglas—Dubois—Elk Mountain—Encampment— Evanston—Gillette—
Glenrock—Granger—Green River—Greybull—Guernsey—Gunn—Hanna—Hartville—Hudson—Jackson—Kaycee—Kemmerer—
Lander—Laramie—Lovell—Lusk—Lymon—Manderson—Manville—Medicine Bow—Meeteetse— Moorcroft—Newcastle—Pine Bluffs—
Powell—Rawlins—Riverton—Rock River—Rock Springs— Saratoga—Sheridan—Shoshoni—Sublet—Sundance—
Superior—Thermopolis—Torrington—Upton—Wheatland—Worland—Other Towns ... 562
CHAPTER XXXIV
MISCELLANEOUS HISTORY
Cattlemen's Invasion of 1892—War on the Rustlers—Organizing the Raid—Capture of the Invaders—Exploring the Grand Canyon—Gen. W. H. Ashley—Maj. J. W. Powell—James White—Miscelaneous Expeditions—Kolb Brothers—"Doc" Middleton—Melbourne the Rain Maker—Explosion at Rock Springs—Execution of Tom Horn—An Indian's Curse—Some Early Prices—Frontier Days Celebration ... 613
CHAPTER XXXV
STATISTICS AND CHRONOLOGY
First Accurate Knowledge of the Great West—Wyoming Fifty Years Old—Census Reports From 1870 to 1915—Populations by Counties—Faults of the State Census—In the Cities—Public Officials—List of Territorial and Elective State Officers—Chronology—Summary of Leading Events in Wyoming History ... 637
INDEX

Abbott, George E., 228

Aboriginal implements, 36

Aboriginal mines and miners, 36

Aboriginal quarries, 31

Aboriginal remains, opinions in regard to, 38

Aboriginal shop and village sites, 37

Ab-sa-ro-ka, the, 64

Accommodations in a new gold mining camp, 137

Act of admission, 191

Action in Wyoming, 187

Additions to the capital, 257

Admission to Union, 185

Advancing wave (suffrage), 204

Advantages in Wyoming, 357

Adventures of early Wyoming settlers, 134

Affair at Platte bridge, the, 280

Afton, 562

Agassiz at Cheyenne, 43

Agricultural production, 27, 352

Agriculture in Wyoming, 352

Ah-ho ap-pa, the romance of, 312

Aid to railroads, 350

Air conditions, 23

Albany county, 503

Albright, H. M., 56

Alger, Horace C., 230

Algonquian family, the, 45, 60

Allen, Captain James, 126

Allouez, Claude, 76

Alsop, Thomas, 504

Ambitious dog, an, 136

Amended in the house, suffrage bill, 202

America acquires Louisiana from France, 91

American Fur Company, 96

American fur traders, 96

Amherst collection of aboriginal implements, 39

Amusing incident at Frontier days celebration, 628

An adopted brother of Sitting Bull, 147

Analysis of Gill lakes soda, 401

Ancient animal life, 42

Ancient Indian civilization, 59

Ancient remains, 32

Andesite rock, 48

Anderson, C. H., residence of, (illus.) 598

Andrew brothers, the four, 102

Angel, the, and the golden plates, 124

Animal sanctuary, an, 56

Animals, prehistoric, 42

An Indian's curse, 626

Annexation of Texas, 79

Annual mean temperature, 23

Annual production of refined oils, etc., 390

Antelope, the, 22

Antelope and dog, a story, 136

Antiquity of dry farming, 356

Apaches, Comanches and Kiowa, 61

Apportionment of delegates, 188

Appropriation for medals, 298

Appropriations for state fair, 253

Approved by governor (suffrage bill), 202

Arapaho, the, 61

Arapaho and Cheyenne country boundaries, 71

Arapaho god with a peace pipe, 62

Arapaho treaty, 73

Archaeological discoveries, 31

Architecture of eapitol, 273

Area of game preserves, 22

Area of state, 17

Argonauts, the, 124, 131

Arikara, the, 67, 102

Arkansas, territory of, erected, 92

Armies of world use Wyoming horses, 374

Arnold, C. P., 230

"Articles of Confederation" fixing policy toward Indians, 69

Articles of Louisiana Purchase treaty, 87-90

Asbestos, 26

Ashley, James M., 164

Ashley, William H., 101, 328, 619

Ashley bill, the, 164

Assessed valuation of state in 1917, 27

Assiniboine country, the, 71

Associate justices of supreme court, 466

Astor, John Jacob, 96

Astoria, 80, 96

Astorians, return of the, 100

Atkinson, Jesse L., 544

Attempt to repeal (woman suffrage), 203

A tub full of fish, 138

Augur, Gen. C. C, 72

Automobile camps, 56

Automobile transportation at Yellowstone park, 56

Austin, Moses, 79

Austin colony, 79

"Avenging angels," the, 129

Average temperature, 23

Averill, James, 615

Aztecs and Wyoming Indians, 41

Babbitt, Colonel, 138

"Baden-Baden of the West," 270

Baggs, 562

Baker, Jim, (illus.) 105, 106

Baldwin, John, 622

Baldwin, Noyes, 162, 519

Baltimore, Lord, 68

Banking, 415

Banks–see financial chapter–also separate towns

Banks in 1918, 418-426

Banks in the United States, 416

Bannock Indians, 45, 66

Baptist church, the, 500-502

Barber, Amos W., 196, 215

Barber's administration, 215

Barbour, E. H., 32

Barnes, Unusual, 210

Barragan, Miguel, 79

Barrett, Patrick, 578

Barrow, Merris Clark ("Bill Barlow"), 457

Bartlett, A. B., 4; on Wyoming geology, 377

Bartlett, I. S., poem, 151

Bartlett, I. S., pioneer stories of, 134

Bartlett, Mrs. I. S., 208, 222

Bartlett, Sydney E., 32

Bartlett tells a fish story, 134

Basin, 563

Battalion roster, the, 293

Battle grounds and burial grounds, Indian, 39

Battleship Wyoming, 250

Baxter's administration, 181

Bean, James, his convincing argument, 555

"Bear Flag Republic," the, 78

Bears and other wild game, 20

Beaver almost exterminated, 130

Beaver fur at premium, 102

Beck, George T., 568

Becker, Ella G., 216

Beckwith, Asahel C, 222, 551, 555, 578

Beckwith-Quinn Company, 600

Beckwourth, James, 103

Bedell, L. L., 524

Bee Hive geyser, 50

Beeman, Newell, 544

Beers, Robert M., 163, 551

Beet sugar manufacture–see under separate towns

Beginnings of missionary work, 476

Beginning, the (education), 430

Belle Fourche ranch, 145

Bench and bar of Wyoming, 462

Benton, Thomas H., 120, 325

Bent's fort, 64

Best irrigation laws, 361

Bidwell's California company, 130

Big Crow, 278

Bighorn county, 508

Big Horn Hot Springs, 229, 231

Big Horn Hot Springs reserve, 270

Big Horn national forest, 20

Big Horn reserve, 22

Big Horn sheep, 20

Big Horn Valley Railroad Company, 348

Big Muddy oil fields, 577

Big Piney, 563

"Bill Barlow," 457

Bill Nye, 137

Bill Nye's humorous report, 209

Birds and fish, 20

Bishop Randall hospital, 584

Bison peak, 46

Black and Yellow trail, 592

Black bass, 22

Black bear, 20

Black Bear's band, 280

"Black Canon City," 158

Black Face skinned, 153

Blackfeet, the, 45

Blackfoot country boundaries, 71

Black Hills reserve, 20

Black volcanic glass, 52

Blaine, James 6., 54

Blake, John W., 471

Blanco, General, 291

Blind and deaf, the, 272

Blizzard of March, 1878, 339

Blydenburgh, Charles E., 230

Bon, Stephen, 555

Bonded debt, the, 414

Bonneville, Benjamin L. E., 117

"Bonneville's Folly " or " Fort Nonsense,", 118

"Book of Mormon," the, 125

Boswell, N. K., 504

Boulder Basin preserve, 22

Boundaries of Yellowstone park, 54

Boundaries set for Indian nations at Fort Laramie treaty, 70

Boundary creek, 46

Bourne, John, 570

Boyd, John, 627

Bozeman, John M., 281

Bozeman road, the, 281

Bradbury, A. E., 578

Brady, James H., 250

Branch fish hatchery, 261

Branch hospitals at Casper and Sheridan, 269

Branch of general hospital, 245

Eramel, Buck, 210

Bramel, C. W., 176, 586

Bramel, Judge, 137

Breaking of relations with Germany, 261

Bresnahau, Mayor, 218

Bridger basin, stone art found in, 42

Bridger, James, (Jim) 52, 64, 103, 108, 128, 318

Briggs, George L., 219

Brigliam Young, 125

Bright, W. H., 207

Erontosaurus, 43

Brook trout, 22

Brookings, W. W., 164

Brooks, Bryant B., 238

Brooks' administration, 238

Brooks cottage, 265

Broom factory building, 268

Brown bear, the, 20

Brown, Edward M., 551

Brown, F. M., 621

Brown, Jerome F., 230

Brown, Melville C, 195

Brown, William, 216

Buck Creek Dome oil fields, 590

Buffalo, 564

Buffalo Bill, 330

Buffalo grass, 24

Buffalo, the wild, and Father De Smet, 120

Building stone, 26

Bull snakes as pets, 138

Bullock, Colonel, 142

Bullock, Isaac, 161

Burch, Joseph E., 584

Eurdick, Charles W., 196, 223

Burial ceremonies, 314

Burial of De Soto, 76

Burns, 566

Byron, 566

Cabin, Jim Baker's, 106

Cactus, 24

Caddoan family, 61

Calhoun, Joliii"r., 80

Califi.iiii.i, ;ir-Mii,-iuts, 131

Califnn.ia ^;mI<1 discoveries (1847), 131

California trail, the, 326

Call of the wild, the, 364

Cambria, 566

Camp, W. M., 41

Camp Carlin, 317

Camp Cuba Libre, 302 "Camp of Israel," 125 Camp Richards, 292

Campaign of 1876 (army), 287

Campaign of 1898, 230 Campaign of 1904, 237

Campaign of 1912, 251

Campaign of 1916, 257

Campbell, Gov. John A., 74, 172, 463

Campbell, Eobert, 103, 146

Campbell county, 510

Campbell's administration, 172

Camping-out, 22 Camping places in Wyoming, 328

Canyon hotel, 56

Canyons, their lengths and heights, 619

Canyons and waterfalls, 18

Capitol building, 180, 182

Capitol building (illus.), 183

Capitol commissioners, 257

Capitol commissions, 272, 273

Carbon county, 511

Carbon county case, the, 218

Carey, Joseph M., 172, 174, 247, 470, 529, 545

Carey act, 28

Carey act projects, 360

Carey's administration, 247

Carr, Samuel, 582

Carr, T. J., 555

Carson, Kit, 121

Carter, J. Van A., 42

Carter, W. A., 540

Carter county established, 162

Casement, J. S., 164

Casper, 566

Casper and Sheridan branch hospitals, 269

Castaneda, 110

Castle geyser, 50

Catfish, the home of the, 22

Catholic church, the, 476-484

Catlin, 64

Cattle and sheep on forest reserves, 1916, 372

Cattle assessed, 1886-1916, 366

"Cattle Kate," 615

Cattlemen's invasion of 1892, 613

Cattlemen's raid, the, 219, 616

Cave dwellings, 39

Celebrated stage drivers, 334

Celebrating admission, 192

Cement, 26;

plaster mills, 588

Census and school apportionment, by counties, 443

Census of 1860, 329

Census reports, 1870-1915, 637

Central Pacific, the, 344

Certification of teachers, 436

Cession of Louisiana, 87

Champion, N. D., 616

Changes in boundaries of Albany county, 504

Changing the route, 333

Chaplin, W. E., 4

Chapman, Arthur, 632

Character of Wyoming oil, 392

Charboneau, Toussaint, 114, 150

Charles I of England, 68

Charles I of Spain, 75

Charter granted by Charles I to Lord Baltimore, 68

Chatterton, Fenimore, 230

Chatterton's administration, 237

Chautauqua associations–see under separate towns

Cheyenne and Black Hills stage line, 336

Cheyenne & Northern, 348

Cheyenne at age of ten, 558

Cheyenne-Deadwood trail, 590

Cheyenne rangers, 556

Cheyenne treaty, 73

Cheyennes, the, 61, 64, 71

Chicago & Northwestern, 346

Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, 347

Chicago Hide, Fur & Wool Company, 574

Chief Bear Hunter, 275

Chief Big Elk of the Omahas, 126

Chief Big Face's address, 119

Chief justices of supreme court, 466

Chief Red Cloud, 282

Chief Washakie, 66, 151

Chinamen cause riot of 1885, 602, 624

Chittenden, General, 53

Christmas, Col. H. E., 582

Chronology, 641

Chronology and statistics, 637

Church work among the Shoshones, 490

Cibola, 109

Cities and towns, 562

Cities, elevation of, 641

Civic clubs–see under separate towns

Clagett, W. H., 54

Clark, Captain William, 113

Clark, Clarence D., 195, 216

Clark, Edward T., 243

Clark, Gibson, 216

Clarke, Lieutenant Harry A., 297

Classification of lands, 24

Clay, Charles, 140

Clear creek, 46

Clemens, Earle R., 633

Clemens, Samuel, 155

Cleveland, President, appoints Baxter, 181

Cliff dwellers, 31

Climate, 23

Cloud peak, 538

Club Sandwich," "The, 23

Coaching at Yellowstone, 56

Coal, geology of, 384

Coal deposits, Wyoming, 392

Coal fields—see under separate towns

Coal production in 1869 and in 1917, 396

Coal resources, 24

Coburu, Harol D., 293

Cody, 568

Cody, William F., 330, 568

"Cody Way," 568

'' Cody 's run,'' 330

Coffeen, Henry A., 216, 604

Cokeville, 570

Collett, Sylvanus, 570

Collins, Caspar, 151, 281, 566

Colonies of the Mormons, 125

Colorado & Wyoming Railway, 349

Colorado Fuel & Iron Company, 27

Colorado, Wyoming & Eastern, 349

Colter, John, 50, 114

"Colter's Hell," 52

Colter's Journal, 50

Columbia Fur Company, 106

Columbian exposition, 222

Columbus, Christopher, 60, 75

Comanches, the, 61, 66

Commemorative tablet (illus.), 199

Commending president's action, 261

Commercial clubs, etc.—see under each town

Commission to Lewis and Clark exposition,

240 Commissioners concluding Sioux treaty of

Commissioners to Louisiana purchase exposition, 236

Company C, 293

Company F, 294

Company G, 294

Company H, 295

Compensation of injured employes, 253

Compulsory education, 30

Conaway, Asbury B., 196, 466, 578

Congregational church, the, 493-498

Congress declares (Spanish) war, 291

Connor, General P. E., 279

Constitutional convention, 190

Continental divide, the, 18

Conventions of 1912, 251

Converse, A. E., 179

Converse Cattle Company, 255

Converse county, 514

Convict labor, 268

Cook, Captain, 80

Cook, C. W., 53

Coolidge, Sherman, 62

Copper, 404

Copper mines, 26, 27

Copper pocket, a marvelous, 402

Copper resources, 26

Corlett, William W., 470

Corn, Samuel T., 216

Cornforth brothers, 555

Coronado, Francisco Vasquez de, 109

Coroner's jury for Vigilantes' victims, 554

Corriedales, 369

Corrupt practices act, 249

Cortez, Hernando, 67

Cosgriff, Thomas A., 560

Council Bluffs, Iowa, 326

Council for National Defense, 261

Counties of Wyoming, the, 503

Cowboy's Prayer, The, 159

Cowley, 570

"Crack Six" that hauled Saratoga coach, 335

Crazy Woman fork, 279

Credit Mobilier, 344

Creighton, Edward, 332

Crook, General, 66, 149

Crook county, 515

Crooks, Bamsay, 97

Crow, the, 45, 64, 71, 73

Crow country boundaries, 71

Crow treaty of 1868, 73

Cruikshank, Rt. Rev. Joseph, 484

Crunille, Leonard, 150

Cumming's city, 137

Curlew!, 156

Curse, an Indian's, 626

Custer, General, 149

Custer's last fight, 149, 287

Cut Throat trout, 22

"Deseret News," the, 130

De Soto, 75, 109

Destruction of the Maine, 291

Devel, Charles T., 576

Development of horse industry, 374

Devil's Garden, 23, 592

Devil's Tower, 23, 516

Dey, Peter A., 342

Diamond Coal & Coke Company, 572

Diamondville, 572

Dietz, 572

Dinosaur, the, 43

Direct primary law, 249

Discovery of gold in California, 131

Disco\ery of Lost Cabin gold placers, 140

Discovery of the "Medicine Wheels," 41

Distances, Fort Laramie to various camping grounds, 328

District courts, 466-468

Dix, Gen. John A., 342

Dixon, 572

Doane, Lieutenant G. C, 53

Dodge, General G. M., 315, 345, 560

Don Carlos IV., 85

Donzelmann, Hugo, 226

Dorsey, George A., 31

Douglas, 572

Douglas, Stephen A., 342

Downey, Stephen W., 222, 471

Downs, Pete, 134

Dozen wives of Jim Beckwourth, 104

Drake, Sir Francis, 80

Dray, Archdeacon, 489

Dablon, Claude, 76

Daily Ledger in 1868, 556

Dairy production, 27

Dakota, territory of, 82

"Danites," the, 129

"Darn fool here buying land," 357

Data on precipitation, 24

Davis, Jefferson, 341

Davis, Levi R., 231

Day of the stage coach, 332

Dayton, 570

Deaf and blind, the, 272

Deaf, dumb and blind asylum, 234

Deaf, dumb and blind school, 181

Dedication nf Vcllnusii.iie park, 54

Deer are plentiful, L'L'

Delegates to constitutional convention, 190

Democratic national convention, 1916, 258

Democratic nominations, 1894, 224

Democratic nominees of 1914, 254

Democratic platform, 1894, 224

Description of Yellowstone park, 46

Deseret, state of, 129

De Smet, Father Pierre Jean, 119

Dry farniint;' and precipitation, 24

Dry farming as a science, 354

Dry Muddy quarries, 34-37

Dubois, 574

Ducks and geese, 22

Dyer, John C, 216

Dyer hotel, 554

Dykins, John, 578

Earliest inhabitants, 31

Early liusiness interests, 555

Early cattle growing methods, 363

Early Cheyenne newsjiapers, 454

Early conditions in sheep industry, 370

Early explorers, 310

Early conditions of finances, 412

Early gold mining, 403

Early gold seekers, 58

Early hotels of Cheyenne, 556

Early Indian troubles, 274

Early irrigation, 358

Early justice, 554

Early military history, 274

Early officers of counties–see separate counties

Early officers of Albany county, 504

Early officers of Carbon county, 511

Early officials of Cheyenne, 551

Early oil discoveries, 386

Early opposition (to railroads), 340

Early settlers of Albany county, 506

Early settlers of Carbon county, 512

Early settlers, stories of, 134

Early stage coach days, 153

Early trading posts, 305

Early trails, 325

Early transportation methods, 325

"Early Western Travels," Thwaites', 328

Eastman, S. E., 32

Economic use of water, 359

Educating a tenderfoot, 334

Education in Wyoming, history of, 428

Educational act of 1873, 438

Educational review, 28

Eighth legislature, 178

Eighth state legislature, 239

Election of 1894, 223

Election of 1896, 228

Election of 1900, 232

Election of 1902, 234

Election of 1904, 237

Election of 1906, 240

Election of 1910, 245

Electric light system at Yellowstone park, 56

Electric peak, 46

Electro-water resources, 26

Elevation, 18

Elevation of cities, 641

Elevation of mountains, 641

Eleventh legislature, 184

Eleventh state legislature, 247

Elk, the North American, 20

Elk mountain, 574

Elks, Benevolent Protective Order of,–see under separate cities and towns

Emigration, the tide of, 311

Emigration of the Mormons, 124

Emmer grain, 611

Emmer Products Company, 611

Employes' compensation law, 253

Encampment, 576

Endowment of public schools, 28

English policy toward Indians, 68

Entrances to Yellowstone park, 56

Episcopal church, the, 484-493

Equipment of Mormons during emigration, 129

Equipment, stage coach line, 333

Eruption of geysers, 48

Eskimo, the, 60

Estevan, the Moor, 109

Ethnology, 31

Evanston, 576

Everett, M. H., 32

Everts, T. C, 53

Excelsior geyser, 48

Execution of Tom Horn, 625

Expedition of Coronado, 109

Expedition of De Soto, 75

Expedition of '57 against the Mormons, 130

Expedition of Lewis and Clark, 113

Expedition of Major S. H. Long, 116

Expedition of Lieutenant Pike, 115

Expedition of Captain Eaynolds, 123

Expedition of Captain Stansbury, 122

Expedition of G. K. Warren, 123

Expeditions and treaties, 311

Expeditions, miscellaneous, 621

Expeditious of Fremont, 120

Expeditions of Wyeth, 116

Expeditions to Lost Cabin gold placers, 141

Expensive projects, 359

Experienced American fur traders, 96

Experimental farm, 253

Experiments in dry farming, 245

Explorations, archaeological, 32

Explorers and explorations, 109

Exploring the Grand canyon, 618

Explosion at Rock Springs, 624

Extinct animals, 43

Fair associations—see under separate towns and counties

Fairbank, 138

Fairy falls, 46

Fake lynching, 137

Faker Melbourne, 624

Famous pioneers, 50-54

Famous treaty of 1868, 312

Farming conditions, 353

Farming land, 24

Farm life in Wyoming, 352

Farm mortgages and public funds, 256

Faulk, Governor, 171

Faulk, Governor A. J., approves Cheyenne incorporation, 551

Federal building at Cheyenne, 560

Feeding and protecting animals at Yellowstone, 57

Feeding baby antelopes, 136

Fencing government land stopped, 181

Ferris, W. A., 118

Fetterman massacre, the, 283

Few disastrous bank failures, 427

Fifth state legislature, 231

Fifty-six hour week for women, 257

Financial growth, 412

Financial history, 412

Financial progress by counties, 412

655

Fine water system, 316

Fire destroys General Hospital, 269

Firehole basin, 44

Firehole river, 46

First accurate knowleclge of the west, 637

First American claims to Oregon, 80

First American colony in Texas, 79

First bank in the United States, 416

First Congregational church at Cheyenne organized, 494

First election in Cheyenne, 551

First election in territory, 173

First European explorations in North America, 60

First inhabitants of Yellowstone region, 45

First legislature, 173

First legislative regulation (schools), 430

First military posts, 274

First newspaper in Wyoming, 451

First pony express leaves St. Joseph, 330

First publications in Europe and the United States, 450

First railroads in the United States, 340

First report on public instruction, 432

First school statistics available, 434

First settlers in Cheyenne, 550

First state election, 213

First state legislature, 214

First steamboat to ascend Missouri to mouth of Yellowstone, 116

First United States troops in Wyoming, 274

First white child born in Cheyenne, 550

First white man at Yellowstone park, 50

First woman jury, 205

First woman justice, 207

First woman to vote in Wyoming, 209

Fish and game, 20

Fish as brain food, 134

Fish branch in Yellowstone park, 56

Fish fossils, 44

Fish hatcheries, 22

Fish story, a real, 138

Fisher, Joseph W., 174, 464

Fisherman's paradise, 22, 576

Fishing in Yellowstone park, 57

Fitch, Robert E., 506

"Five Nations," the, 61

"Five thousand antelope," 135

Flatheads, the, 66

Flavell, George F., 621

Flood, Indian tradition of the, 62 "

Florida, De Soto 's exploration of, 75 Folsom, D. E., 53

Folsom peak, 46

Fontenelle, Lucieu, 118

Foote, Frank M., 293, 576 Footprints of extinct animals, 43 Fort Bonneville, 529

Fort Bridger, 73, 108, 318

Fort Casper, 320

Fort C. F. Smith, Montana, 324

I'ort Charles, 94

Fort Custer, Montana, 324

Fort D. A. Russell, 142, 315, 561

Fort established by American Fur Company, described by Fremont, 306

Fort Fetterman, 321

Fort Fred Steele, 321

Fort Prontenac, 77

Fort Hall, Idaho, 66, 148, 324

Fort Halleck, 319

Fort John, 108

Fort Kearny, 321

Fort Laramie, 141, 305

Fort Laramie, celebrations at, 135

Fort Laramie established, 310

Fort Laramie in early days, 144

Fort Leavenworth, 326

Fort Leavenworth to Fort Laramie, 308

Fort Mackenzie, 323, 604

Fort McKinney, 322

Fort McKinney reservation, 268

"Fort Nonsense," 118

Fort Philip Kearny, 321

Fort Platte, 108

Fort Reno, 320

Fort Robinson, Nebraska, 324

Fort Russell, 142, 315, 561

Fort St. Vrain, 121

Fort Sanders, 320

Fort Sedgwick (Rankin), Colorado, 324

Fort Sidney, Nebraska, 324

Fort Stambaugh, 322

Fort Supply, 161

Fort Thornburg, Utah, 324

Fort Uinta, Utah, 324

Fort Walbaeh, 319

Fort Washakie, 322

Forts and military posts, 305

Foreign policies towards Indians, 67

Forest area, 20

Forest grazing reserves, 372

Forest reserves, 24

Forest roads, 20

Forests, 20

Foreword, 3

Forty-niners, the, 131

For United States senator, first nomination by legislative caucus, 207

Fossil formations, 44

Fossil specimens, 42

Foundation of school system, 428

Four hundred million capitalization, 388

Fourteenth state legislature, 258

Fourth state legislature, 228

Fox, Harry W., 634

Fraeb, Henry, 107

Fraeb's post, 107

France, James C, 596

Free gold, 132

Free-trader, the early, 94

Freighting, 338

Fremont county, 516

Fremont, John C, 78, 120

Fremont's peak, 121

French agents in seventeenth century, 76

French as fur-trader pioneers, the, 93

French explorations in seventeenth century, 76

French missionaries and Indians, 76

French policy toward Indians, 68

French revolution, 85

French traders in seventeenth century, 76

Frey, Johnny, 330

Feytas, Nicholas de, 112

Frightful speed of fifteen miles an hour, 340

From Brooks to Houx, 242

From Richards to Brooks, 225

Frontenac, fort, 77

Frontier days celebration, 28, 627

Frontier park, 560, 630

Fulton, Robert, 341

Fumaroles, 48

Funsten, Rt. Rev. James B., 488

Fur companies, 95

Fur companies in Oregon, 80

Fur-traders, the, 93

Furnishing supplies to argonauts, 132

Gale, Charles T., 586

Gallatin mountains, 46

Gallatin river, 46

Galloway, Nathan, 621

Game animals, 20

Game plentiful, 136

Game preserves, 22

Games, rats play, 139

Gardiner lake, 48

Gardiner river, 46

Geese in abundance, 22

Geier, George, 321

General Dodge's account of Union Pacific route, 548

General Kearney and the Indians, 308

General laws, 260

Geology of coal, 384

Geology of Wyoming, 376

Geology of Wyoming iron, 385

George Washington highway, 592

Getterman, Franklin, 139

Geyser basins, 48

Ghosts, fairies and Indian devils, 65

Giant and giantess, 50

Giant animal specimens, 43

Gibbon falls, 46

Gibbon river, 46

Gilbertson, Ross, 616

Gilder, R. F., 32

Gildersleeve, J. H., 556

Gillette, 577

Gill lakes soda, analysis of, 401

Gilmore, Charles W., 44

Glacial action, 48

Glafcke, Herman, 176

Glenrock, 577

Godoy, Manuel, 84

Gold and silver, 26

Gold discovered in California, 131

Gold fever subsides, 132

Gold mines at Cuniming's city, 137

Gold placers, 26

Gold reported by Lieutenant Warren, 123

Gold rush to California, 131

Gold, worth four hundred and fifty million dollars, found in eight years, 132

Golden plates, the, 124

"Good Samaritan" described, 157

Goshen county, 520

Governor Faulk's message, 171

Governor's residence, 233

Grace, Richard, 162

Gramm, Otto, 196

Grand canyon of Colorado discovered, 110

Grand canyon of the Yellowstone, 18

Grand council at Fort Laramie, 70

Grand encampment, 27

Grand geyser, 50

Granger, 578

Grant, LeRoy. 230

Grant, Mortimer, 506

Grant, U. S., 54, 66, 74, 321

Graphite, 26

Grazing homesteads, 28

Grazing lands, 24

Grazing permits, 20

Grazing reserves, 20

Gray, Captain Robert, 80

Gray, Rev. W. B. D., 497

'' Great American Desert,'' 24

Great Bannock trail, 45

'' Great excitement—Vigilantes around,'' 552

Great grass ranges, the, 364

"Great patent of New England," 68

Great school revenues, 428

Great seal of the state, 220

Great seal, territory of Wyoming, 174

Great transformation, a, 356

Greatly improved conditions, 365

Green River, 578

Greybull, 580

Grizzly bear, the, 20

Groesbeck, H. V. S., 137, 196, 466

Gros Ventres, the, 61

Grotesque nature freaks, 23

Grouard, Frank, 147

Growth of schoolhouse construction, 435

Guadalupe Hidalgo, treaty of, 78

Guernsey, 580

Gunn, 580

Gwin, William, 329

Gypsum, 26

Hale, Mrs. Frances E., 223

Hale, William, 178

Hale's administration, 178

Haley, Ora, 506

Hall, W. H., 616

Halladay & Thompson, 556

Hamlin, Clarence C, 226

Hancock and Dixon, 114

Handiwork of early Indians, 39

"Handsome" skunks, 139

Hanging a dummy, 137

Hanna, 580

Hanna, O. P., 331 (illus.), 604

Harker, Jake, 533

Harney, Gen. W. S., 72, 129

Harrison, Gen. Wm. H., 91

Harrison, Mrs. F. H., 223

Harrison, President, 617

Hartville, 581

Hartville district, 27

Hartville iron, 398

Hartville quarries, 31

Hartville rich in Indian history, 40

Hauser, S. T., 53

Hay, Henry G., 223

Hayden, C. E., 244

Hayden, F. V., 43, 52, 54

Hayden forest, 20

Hebard, Grace Raymond, 4, 38, 41, 150, 327

Hebard, Grace Raymond, unveils monument (illus.), 327 Hedges, Cornelius, 53 Height of geysers, 48

"Hell on Wheels," .551

Henderson, Capt. John B., 584

Henry, Andrew, 102

Henry, "Mike," of Douglas (illus.), 309

Herds of moose, elk, deer and antelope, 22

Heroes' monument fund, 303

Herrera, Antonio de, 68

Hidden relics, 37, 38

Hidden Dome oil field, 590

Hides and wool, 27, 574

High schools, 438

Highway commission, 259

Highway commissioners, 260

Hillis, Rev. Newell D., 496

"Hi" Kelley, 145

Hinton, William, 216

Historical and pioneer associations–see under separate towns and counties

History and development (iron), 399

History of education in Wyoming, 428

History of Lost Cabin Gold Placers, 139

History of Mormons, published 1853, 128

History of organized labor in Wyoming, 634

History of Wyoming railroads, 340

Hoeker, Dr. W. A., 582

Hole-in-the-wall gang, the, 232

Holliday, Ben, 155, 333

Holliday Stage Company, the, 148

Hoodoo Basin preserve, 22

Hook, K. M., 164, 621

Hook & Moore, 556

Horn, Tom, executed, 625

Horse railway in Cheyenne, 560

Horses, 374

Horses for armies, 374

Hospitals–see under separate cities, towns and counties

Hot Springs, 48

Hot springs at Saratoga, 602

Hot Springs county, 521

Hotel accommodations at Park, 36

Hotel accommodations built to order, 137

Houston, Sam, 79

Houx, Frank L., 4, 220, 568; on " The New Oil State," 386

Houx's administration, 261

How Cheyenne was located, 548

Howe, Church, 174

Howe, John H., 463

Hoyt, John W., 176

Hoyt's administration, 176

Hubbell, Harry, 162

Hudson, 581

Hudson's Bay Company, 95

Hunt, Wilson P., 98, 326

Hunter, Colin, 146

Hunter's paradise, a, 20

Hunting implements of Indians, 39

Huntington, Mrs. G. M., 223

Hunton, John (illus.), 142; 315, 628

Hunt's expedition, 98

Hydro-electric power, 18

Idaho established as territory, 82

Improved conditions in sheep handling, 370

Income from school lands, 30

Independence, Mo., 326

Indian battle and burial grounds, 39

Indian caves, 39

Indian ceremonies of making a warrior, 148

Indian chiefs gather at Fort Laramie, 144

Indian education, 441

Indian handiwork, 39

Indian history, 59

Indian implements, 36

Indian iron mines, 40

Indian lodges, 39

Indian mines and quarries, 34-36

Indian paint brush, 260

Indian paint ores, 39

Indian patterns worked in Venice 300 years before, 41

Indian rascals and rogues, 64

Indian sites, 39

Indian superstitions, 65

Indian trails in the Yellowstone, 45

Indian workshops, 37

Indians and French missionaries, 76

Industrial production, 27

Influence of U. P., 163

Initiative and referendum, 247

Insane asylum, 181

Institute buildings at Worland, 255

Interesting talks by some old timers, 135

Interstate bridge appropriations, 253

In the Philippines, 295

Invisible arrows, 66

Iron, geology of, 385

Iron deposits, various other, 399

Iron mountain deposit, the, 385

Iron ore, 26

Iroquoian family, the, 60

Irrigation development, 361

Irrigation farming, 357

Irrigation prospects, 18, 28

Ivinson, Edward, 216

Ivinson memorial hospital, 588

Jackson, 581

Jackson, David E., 102, 581

Jackson, Oscar S., 216

Jackson Hole region, 22, 24

Jackson lake, 18

James boys, the, 158

Jefferson, Thomas, 85, 91, 113

Jesuit missionaries in seventeenth century, 76, 119

Jim Baker's cabin removed to Cheyenne, 261

Joe Wiley, 135

Jones, Orley E., 616

Jones, William T., 464

Johnson county, 522

Johnson, President Andrew (approves), 165; 344, 637

Johnson, Edward P., 174

Johnston, Col. A. S., 129, 162, 318

Joliet, Louis, 76, 77

Jones, W. K., 258

Jones, William T., 174

Julesburg plundered, 278

Kane, Col. Thomas L., 126

Kaycee, 582

Keane, Et. Bev. James J., 480

Kearney, Stephen W., 78, 308

Kelley, A. D., 228

Kelley, Hall J., 116

Kelley, Hiram, 145

Kelly, Rev. William, 478

Kemmerer, 582

Kemmerer, M. S., 582

Kemper, Et. Eev. Jackson, 486

Keudrick, Senator, 34, 38, 254, 366

Kendrick's administration, 255

Kent, T. A., 228

Kepler cascade, 46

Kilgore, Elias, 211

Kilpatrick, William H., 216

Kindergartens, 440

King ranch, near Cheyenne (illus.), 525

Kingman, John W., 174

Kit Carson, 121

Knight, Dorothy, 250

Knight, Jesse, 230, 467

Kolb Brothers, 621

Kountze Brothers, 556

Kuykendall, W. L., 176, 470, 524

LaBonte crossing, 279

Labor, history of, in Wyoming, 634

Lafayette, marquis de, 117

Lake House hotel, 56

Lakes, 17

Lamar river, 46

Lamb fattening, 374

Lancaster, Ohio, school board on rapid transit, 340

Lance Creek oil fields, 592

Land classification, 24

Lander, 584

Lane, Secretary, 38

Langford, Nathan P., 53, 54

Language of pioneer fur-traders, peculiarities of, 94

Laramie, 586

Laramie, treaty of Port, 69

Laramie Boomerang, the, 455

"Laramie Boy"—undefeated ram of America, 373

Laramie county, 524

Laramie Eepubliean, the, 456

La Ramie, the trapper, 586

La Salle, Robert Cavelier, sieur de, 77

La Salle's claim to Mississippi valley, 84

La Salle's expeditions, 77

Last Black Hills coach leaving Cheyenne, 335

Last stage out of Saratoga, 335

Latham, H., 165

Latter-Day Saints, Church of Jesus Christ of the, founded, 124

Laws for animal protection at Yellowstone park, 56

"Leader" comment, 203

"Leader's" story of vigilantes, 552

Leading the Mormons to Salt Lake, 127

Le Clerk, Francis, 100

Lee, Edward M., 172

Le Fors, Joseph, 625

Legislation regarding wild game, 22

Legislative history, 198

Legislative representation, 248

Legislative sessions, 175

Legislature of 1871, remarkable, 174

Legislature of 1879, results of, 177

Leidy, Joseph, 42

Length and height of canyons, 619

Lewis, Meriwether, 113

Lewis and Clark expedition, 50, 65, 80, 113, 149, 150

Lewis and Clark exposition, 239

Liberty bonds purchase–see under separate towns and counties

Limestone for sugar factories, 402

Lincoln, Abraham, 82, 342

Lincoln county, 529

Lindsley, C. A., 54

Lisa, Manuel, 50, 97

Lisa, Menard & Morrison, 97

List of canyons, length and height, 619

Little Wolf, 286

Live stock–see each county

Live stock industry, the, 27, 363

Live stock production in 1917, 27

Livingston, Robert E., 85

Locating state institutions, 238

Loch Leven trout, 22

London, John, 144

Long, Maj. Stephen H., 116

Long, The Rev. Dr., 41

Loomis, Professor, 32

Lost Cabin mines, 139

Loucks, John D., 604

Louis XIV, 77

Louis XV, 68

Louisiana, division of province of, 91

Louisiana, naming of, 78

Luuisiana purchase, the, 78, 84

Louisiana Purchase exposition, 236

Louisiana retroceded to France, 85

Louisiana sold to the United States, 87

Loup fork, 1000

Mormons near, 130

Lovell, 588

Lower Yellowstone falls, 46

Lucas, Fred A., 43

Luman, John, 518

Lusk, 588

Lyman, 590 Lynching, a fake, 137

McCook, Gen. A. D., 172

McDaniel's variety theatre, 556

McGill, John, 231

McGovern, Rt. Eev. Patrick A., 4, 484

McKay, pioneer fur-trader, 94

McKenzie, Alexander, 96

McKinley, Pres. William, 291

McLeland, Thomas, 163

McTavish, Simon, 96

McUlvan, Dan, 146

Machine shops, U. P., at Laramie, 588

Mackinaw Company, the, 107

Mackinaw trout, 22

Macomb, Maj.-Gen. Alexander, 118

Madison plateau, 46

Madison, President, 92

Madison river, 46

Maginnis, William L., 465

Main entrances to Yellowstone park, 56

Making a Sioux warrior, 148

Mammoth Hot Springs hotel, 56

Mammoth, the, 43

Mandan Indians, 46

Mandan villages, 112, 114

Manderson, 590

Manderville, J. D., 550

Manville, 590

Marbois, marquis de, 87

Maret House, 270

Mark Twain, 155

Marking Oregon trail, 254

Marking the Overland, 336

Marking the trail, 328

Marquette, Jacques, 76.

Marsh, Robert, 504

Marshall, Frank, 162

Marshall, James W., 131

Marshall day at Kemmerer, (illus.) 583

Martin and Morgan hanged, 164

Marvelous copper pocket, 402

Masonic lodges–see under separate towns

Masonic temples–see under separate cities and towns

Massacre hill, 283

Mateo, Antonio, 107

"Maverick bill," the, 615

Maximum temperatures, 23

May free state from school taxation, 389

Maynadier, Col. H. E., 282

Mead, Elwood, 222

Mean temperature, 23

Medals of Spanish-war soldiers, 298

Medals to state and individual exhibitors, 240

Medicine Bow, 592

Medicine Bow forest, 20

Medicine Mountain wheel, the, 41

"Medicine Wheels," 41

Meeteetse, 592

Melbourne, "rainmaker," 623

Meldrum, John W., 217

Memorials to congress, 185, 227

Memories of old, 27

Men who dared, the, 197

Message of Governor Faulk, 171

Metallic ores, 26

Metallic ores (a general view), 402

Methodist Episcopal church, 498-500

Mexican cession, 78

Mexico, conquest of, 67

"Mexican mines," the, 34

Mica, 26, 402

Middleton, "Doc," 622

Migrations of Mormons, 127

Military history, early, 274

Miles of railway in Wyoming, 3.50 ,

Milk River expedition, 318

Miller, David, 230

Miller, H. T., 581

Millions of buffaloes, 154

Mills, Hobert, 341

Mineral paint beds, 596

Mineral resources, 26, 376

Minerals in Wyoming, 405-411

Minerals—see under each county

"Miners' Delight" or Hamilton City, 74

Miners' entertainments, 137

Mines, ancient, 36

Mining and placer acts, 24

Minor railroads, 349

Mirror plateau, 46

Miscellaneous acts of twelfth legislature, 253

Miscellaneous facts about the Union Pacific,. 346

Miscellaneous history, 613

Miscellaneous legislation, 256

Missionaries of seventeenth century, 119

Missionary work, beginnings of, 476

Missionary work of Father De Smet, 119, 120

Mississippi, De Soto at the, 75

Mississippi, origin of name of, 76

Missouri Fur Company, 97

Missouri, territory of, erected, 92

Mitchell, Col. D. D., 70

Moisture, fall of, 24

Monarch geyser, 50

Mondell, Frank W., 220, 594

Monroe, James, 86

Monument on Massacre hill, 283

Moonlight, Thomas, 181

Moonlight's administration, 181

Moorcroft, 592

Moore pardon, the, 219

Moose, 22

Morgan, E. S. N., 177

Morgareidge, J. W., 293

Mormon battalion, the, 126'

Mormon church founded, 124

Mormon colonies, 125

Mormon immigration, 311

Mormon trail, the, 326

Mormons and argonauts, 124

Mormons and 49ers at Hartville, 40

Mormons pass through Wyoming, 127

Mormons alleged to urge Indian depredations, 277

Morris, E. J., 578

Morris, Mrs. Esther, 207

Morris, Robert C, 227

Morrison, J. S., 293

Mound builders, 31, 38

Mounds, Indian, 59

Mount Hoyt, 46

Mount Hancock, 46

Mount Washburn, 46

Mountain elevations, 641

Mountain lions plentiful, 139

Mountain rat, the playful, 139

Mountain sheep, 20-22, 136

Mudpots, 48

Mud Springs ranch, 278

Municipal courts, 468

Murphy, John, 162

Murphy, Michael, 176

Murrin, Col. Luke, 210, 552

Muskhogean family, the, 61

Mystery of Lost Cabin mines unsolved, 142

Napoleon, 85, 86, 87, 117

Natchez, the, 60

National conventions, 1908, 243

Native jilants, 24

Natrona county, 532

Natural bridges, 23

Natural gas, 568

Nature's freaks and wonders, 22

Nauvoo, 111., driving the Mormons out of, 125

Nearly two million acres irrigated, 361

Nebeker, John, 161

Nebraska, historic legislation affecting, 81

Newcastle, 594

New charter, a, 551

New Gallicia, 109

New Spain, 67

Newspaper started at Fort Bridger, 163

Newspapers of Laramie, 454

Newspapers of the state, 458-461

New state progressive, 398

Nicollet, Jean, 76

Ninth legislature, 180

Ninth state legislature, 242

Niobrara county, 533

Niza, Marcos de, 110

Noble, Worden, 163

Nootka Sound named, 80

Norris geyser basin, 52

North, Orlando, 176

Northern coal fields, 394

North Park trip in 1879, a, 136

North Platte project, 28

North-West Company, the, 95

Norton, John T., 216

Noted cases, a few, 47

Noted pony express riders, 330

Notes and comment, woman suffrage, 208

Notorious resorts closed, 262

Novel wedding announcement, 154

Nuckolls, Stephen P., 173

Nugget, the first California, 131

Number of Mormons passing through Wyoming (1847), 129

Numerous Indian villages, 39

Nurses' dormitory authorized, 269

Nye, Bill, 455-457

Organizing a government, 550

Organizing the cattlemen's raid, 616

Origin of cattle business, 363

Origin of civil law, 462

Origin of newspapers, 450

Origin of the name Yellowstone, 46

Original homestead of P. S. King (illus.), 527

Orleans, jjurchase of the island of, 90

Osborne, Gov. John E., 216

Osborne Live Stock Company, 220

Osborne's administration, 219

Osprey falls, 46

Otiier ndvantages for farming, 353

Otlier important mineral deposits, 400

Other schools, 441

Other towns, 611

Other Wyoming publications, 456

Outlawry, 232

Outrages upon emigrant trains in the '50s, 129

Ovevland route, the, 131

Owen, William O., 223

Owens, John, 509

Obsidian cliff, 52

Obsidian creek, 46

O'Connor, Thomas, 175

Officers, State Bar association, 1917, 1918, 473

Ogden, Wiliam B., 342

Oil–see under separate counties

Oil fields, 28

Oil production in 1917, 28

Oil refineries, 28

Oil resources, 26

Oil royalties to the state, 389

Oils, annual production refined, 390

Old cabin home, the, 138

"Old Faithful," 48

Old fashioned farming disappearing, 356

Old Port Laramie (illus.), 304

Old Texas trail, the, 366

Old timers' stories, 134

Old trading post, the, 306

Old Wyoming (poem), 630

Onate, Don Juan de, 111

Oregon agreement with Russia, 81

Oregon Basin project, 28

Oregon Battalion, the, 274

Oregon boundary Question, 80

Oregon emigration, the, 311

Oregon, history of early, 80

Oregon Short Line, 349

Oregon trail, the, 326, 610

Oregon Trail Monument celebrations, 135

Organic act, the, 165

Organized labor in -Wyoming, 634

Pacific Fur Company, 80, 96

Page, A. N., 216

Paine, Thomas, 117

Paint ores, Indian, 40

Paintpots, 48

Paleontology, studies in Wyoming, 43

Palmer, Joel, 318

Pan-American exposition, 234

Palis, the treaty of, 87

Park and monument reserve, 38

Park county, 534

Park hotels, 56

Parkman's description of old fort, 308

Parmelee, Carroll H., 216

Passing of the stage coach, 337

Patent by Louis XV to Western Company, 68

Patented lands, 24

Pathfinder project, 28

Pathfinder reservoir, 360

Patrick, Ed., 135

Patrol and protection work at Yellowstone park, 56

Pauper's Dream gold mine, 210

Pawnee scouts, 280

Pease, Mrs. Sarah W., 206

"Penalosa, the duke of," 112

Penitentiary, Wyoming State, 265

Penitentiary commission, 266

People's party nominees, 1898, 230

Per capita wealth, 27

Percentage of sunshine, 23

Perils of stage coaching, 336

Period of settlement, 161

Perrot, Nicholas, 76

Personnel of Captain Raynold's expedition, 123

Pete Downs' speech, 134

Peterson, William, 53

Petit jury, the, 206

Petroleum, 26

Phosphate beds, 401

Phosphate lands, 24

Pierce, Rev. D. J., 502

Pierre's hole, 118

Pike and other game fish, 22

Pike, Lieut. Zebulon M., 115

Pilgrim House, the, 556

Pine Bluffs, 594

Pine grouse, 22

Pioneer associations–see under separate towns and counties

Pioneer bankers, 418

"Pioneer" locomotive, 347

Pioneers–see under each county

Pioneers, stories of Wyoming, 134

Pioneers and builders of Wyoming, 145

Pitchstone plateau, 46

Piutes, the, 66

Placer acts, 24

Placer gold found at Los Angeles (1841), 131

Platte county, 536

Pleasant View hotel, 270

Pleistocene period, 48

Plymouth Company, the 68

Poem on Caspar Collins, 151

Poems on Wyoming, 630

Political campaign of 1892, 216

Political campaign of 1896, 227

Political campaign of 1908, 243

Political campaign of 1914, 254

Political conventions, 213

Political conventions of 1916, 257

Polk, James K., 78, 80

Pony express, the, 329

Pope, Gen. John, 321

Popo Agie preserve, 22

Population by counties, 638

Population of cities, 639

Populist convention and nominees, 224

Post, Amelia B., 195

Post, Morton E., 163, 555

Postmasters of Cheyenne, 560

Postoffice at Cheyenne, 558

Potash deposits, 401

Potter, Charles N., 223, 466

Pottery, Indian, 42

Poultry production, 27

Powder Kiver expedition, 278

Powell, 594

Powell, Capt. James, 284

Powell, Maj. J. W., 620, 621

"Prairie of the Mass," 119

Pratt, Orson, 128

Precious fossil deposits, 43

Precipitation, 24, 358

Prehistoric animals, 42

Prehistoric mines, 31

Prehistoric races, 31

Present education system, 442

Presidential electors, 1890, 232

Press of Wyoming, the, 450

Prices, some early, 627

Prices for Wyoming oil, 392

Priest, Charles H., 230

Principal towns of each county, 612

Private and secular schools, 440

Proceedings in the house, 200

Proclamation, 188

Production of state in 1917, 27

Products adapted to soil and climate, 353

Progress of four score years, 325

Progressive nominees of 1914, 254

Prohibition legislation proposed, 259

Prohibition question, the, 258

Promontory, the, 48

Protecting the Overland, 275

Protection of animals at Yellowstone park, 56

Protection of prehistoric remains, 38

Protection of wild game, 22

Protests of the United States, 289

Province of Louisiana, 91

Provision prices in '49 gold fields, 132

'' Psychological buffalo,'' 135

Public institutions, 181

Public lands, 24

Public officials, 639

Public revenues, 414 I

Public school system, 28

Purchase of Louisiana, 84

Pure food law, 253

Purpose of the courts, 463

Public utilities of Cheyenne, 560

Pyramid peak, 46

Quadrupeds, the largest extinct, 43

Quarries of the aborigines, 31

Quealy, P. J., 216, 582

Quivira, 110

Racehorse case, the, 474

Eacy debate (woman suffrage), 201

Raids along the Platte, 277

Railroad mileage, 350

Railroads in Wyoming, 350

Railroads reaching Yellowstone park, 56

Railways in counties—see under each county

Rainbow trout, 22

Rainfall, 24

Ramirez, Don Sebastian, 68

Randall, Rt. Rev. George M., 484

Range disputes, 370

"Ranger Jones," 616

Rangers at Yellowstone park, 56

Rankin, The Reverend, 497

Raynolds, W. F., 52, 107, 123

Rawlins, 596 Rawlins, John A., 596

Rawlins iron deposits, 398

"Rawlins red," 596

Reclamation filings, 24

Reclamation projects, 18

Red Cloud's defeat, 284

Red Desert, 541

Reel, Estelle, 223

Reese, Rt. Rev. Frederick F., 488

Refineries in Wyoming, 1917, 390

Relics of Indians, 37, 38

Religion in Wyoming, 476

Remains of extinct animals, 43

Reptiles, prehistoric, 44

Republican national convention, 1916, 258

Republican nominees of 1914, 254

Revelation of Brigham Young, 127

Revising the statutes, 226

Revolution of 1895 (Cuban), 289

Richards, De Forest, 230

Richards, William A., 223, 225

Richardson, William R., 216

Rich gold placers, 140

Ridden, Henry, 162

Riley, James, 621

Riner, John A., 469

Rio Grande, Mexican boundary, 78

Riot at Rock Springs, 179

Riot, Chinese, 602, 624

Hitter, George W., 176

Rivers and lakes, 17

Riverton, 600

Road agents, 337

Robert Cavelier, sieur de la Salle, 177

Robinson, C. H., 31

"Roche Jaune," 46

Rock formation in Yellowstone, 48

Rock implements, 36

Rock River, 600

Rock Springs, 600

Rocky Mountain Fur Company, 101

Rocky Mountain sheep, 20

Rogers, H. J., & Co., 555

Rolling mills, U. P., 588

Romance of Ah-ho-ap-pa, the, 312

"Romance of the Border," 334

Rough riders, Torrey's, 298

Rude stone art, 42

Rural post roads, 260

Rush of gold seekers, 311

Russell, Majors & WaddeU, 329

St. Joseph, Missouri, 326

St. Louis, early fur mart, 94

St. Louis, Missouri, 326

St. Vrain's fort, 121

Sacajawea, the girl pathfinder, 6.5, 114, 149, 150

Sage brush, 24

Sage hen, 22

Saloons regulated, 262

Salt Lake City incidents, 155

Salt Lake valley selected by Brigham Young, 95

San Francisco, a hamlet, 132

San Ildefonso, treaty of, 85

Santa Anna, General, 79

Santa Fe trail, the, 326

Saratoga, 602

Saratoga & Encampment Railway, 349

Saratoga hot springs, 602

Scare of 1857-58, 129

Scenic freaks and wonders, 22

Schnitger, W. R., 628

Sehofield, Gen. John M., 172

School census and apportionment, 443

School conditions in 1877, 434

School enrollment, 1880-1916, 435

School for defective children, 584

School land, 28-30

School statistics by counties, 443

Schools, 28

Scientific expeditions, 32

Scott, Dr. D. W., 498

Scott, Richard H., 467

"Scratched nose with a gun," 155

Seasons of the year, 23

Second state legislature, 220

Secretaries of state, 640

Security of bonds, 415

Seeley, S. E., 216

Selective draft boards, 261

Selkirk, the earl of, 96

Seminoe iron ores, 398

Senatorial deadlock, 222

Sener, James B., 465

Settlement of Oregon question, 81

"Seven cities of Cibola," 109

Seven new counties created, 249

Seventh legislature, 177

Seventh state legislature, 234

Sheep and wool industry, the, 28, 368

Sheep and cattle on forest reserves, 1916, 372

Sheep wiped out by storm, 368

Sheridan, Gen. P. H., 53, 604

Sheridan, 604

Sheridan county, 537

Sherman, Gen. W. T., 72

Shoshone forest, 20

Shoshone Indian reservation, 270

Shoshone project, 28

Shoshone reserve, 22

Shoshone reservoir, 360

Shoshone traditions, 65

Shoshonean family, the, 45, 61

Shoshones, the, 65

Shoshoni, 606

Silver ancl gold, 26

Simms, C. S., 41

Siouan family, the, 45, 61

Sioux, treaty with the, 72

Sioux raids on Wind river, 286

'' Sitting Bull,'' 148

"Six Nations," the, 61

Sixth state legislature, 232

Size of extinct giant animals, 43

Skull of a triceratops, -weight of a, 43

Skunks, peculiar habits of, 139

Skurry, Henry, 622

Slough creek, 46

Smet, Pierre Jean de, 119

Smith, E. L., 584

Smith, Kev. George L., 494

Smith, Harlem I., 31

Smith, Jedediah S., 102, 131

Smith, Joseph, 124

Smithsonian expedition, 32

Snake river, 46

Sneddon, Thomas, 572

Snow, Erastus, 128

Suow-fall, 24

Snow storm wipes out sheep, 368

Snowy range, the, 46

Socialist nominees of 1914, 254

Soda Butte creek, 46

Soda lakes, 23, 400

Soda resources, 26

Soils of the state productive, 353

Soldiers' and Sailors' home, 264

Soldiers' monument, 302

Solfatores, 48

Some early prices, 627

Soto, Hernando de, 75, 109

South Pass city, 162

South Superior, 608

Spain's oppression of Cuba, 289

Spalding, Rt. Eev. John P., 486

Spaniards in America, the first, 67

Spanish-American war, 289

Spanish authorities in Mississippi valley,

"Spanish Diggins," the, 32-34, 592

Spanish expeditions, 109

Spanish treaty of 1819, 80

Sparks, John, 622

Spates, A. W., 177

Sportman's paradise, 20

Spotted Tail, 313

Stage coach, day of the, 332

Stage coach transportation at Park, 56

Stage drivers, celebrated, 334

Stage experiences, 154

Stage holdups, some, 337

Stanley, Henry M., 312

Stansbury, Capt. Howard, 122, 132

State auditors, 640

State bankers association, 426

State bar association, 472

State board of charities and reform, 263

State board of horticulture, 239

State board of immigration, 245

State board of school land commissioners, 262

State eapitol, 272

State department of education, 442

State fair, the, 253

State federation of labor, 635

State fish hatcheries, 22

State flag, 260

State flower, 260

State government inaugurated, 213

State governors, 640

State historical society, 227

Statehood, 435

State hospital for the insane, 264

State industrial accident fund, 256

State institutions, 263

State leader on "Texas Trail," 366

State of Deseret, the, 129

State political conventions, 1910, 246

State seal, the, 220

State teachers' association, 442

State treasurers, 640

State's oil income, 390

State university, 444-449, 588

Statistics and chronology, 637

Steever cadet system, the, 440

Stein, J. L., 40

Stephen, the Moor, 109

"Stinking Water" changed to Shoshone, 233

Stockman's paradise, 375

Stockyards at Laramie, 588

Stone axes and hammers, 39

Stone implements, aboriginal, 32

Stone, Julius P., 621

Stone, Mrs. Elizabeth A., 223

Stoner, J. W., 570

Stories of a frontier preacher, 156

Story of Cheyenne, the, 548

Stories of Lost Cabin placers, 140

Stories of the pioneers, 134

Rfrahorn, Mrs. C. A., 558

Street, Thomas J., 524

Stuart, Robert, 100

"Stump speeches full of stumps," 137

Sturgeon, 22

Sublette, 606

Sublette, Milton G., 106

Sublette, William L., 102, 107, 116, 581

Success in cooperation, 362

Suffrage bill iu the council, 201

Sugar, manufacture of–see under separate towns

Sugar factories use limestone, 402

Sully, Gen. Alfred, 279

Sulphate of soda, 23

Sulphur, 26

Summary, the, 642

Sundance, 606

Sunday school started, 159

Sunshine records, 23

Sunrise mine, 27

Superior, 608

Supervisors of Yellowstone park, 56

Supreme court, the, 466

Surprised the country, 203

Sutler's store at Fort Laramie, 140

Sutter, John, 131

Swain, Mrs. Eliza A., 209

Sweetwater county, 538

Swift progress of dry farming, 354

Talbot, Rt. Rev. Ethelbert, 488

Taliaferro, T. S., 578

Talleyrand, 85

Talpey, R. E., 551

"Tame" mountain sheep, 136

Tartarrax, province of, 111

Tasealuza, battle of, 75

Tax commission, personnel of, 244

Teachers, number of, 1870-1916, 435

Teachers' institutes, 438

Telephone lines in mines, 2.54

Teller City, 137

Temporary government of United States in Louisiana, 91

Temperatures, 23

Ten counties in 1889, 187

Ten Eyck, Captain, 283

"Ten million buffalo" (more or less), 135

Ten years' war, the (Cuba), 289

Tendency to criticise courts, 462 Tenth legislature, 182 Tenth state legislature, 243

Territorial auditors, 640

Territorial courts, 463

Territorial governors, 640

Territorial liistory, 161

Territorial judges, 463-465

Territorial seal, 174

Territorial secretaries, 640

Territorial treasurers, 640

Terry, Gen. A. H., 72

Territory of Louisiana in 1805, 91

Territory of "Wyoming established, 82

Testimonials to Frank Grouard, 147

Teton national forest, 20, 22

Texas, annexation of, 79

Texas as republic, 79

Texas revolution of 1836, 79

Textbooks and curriculum, 435

Thayer, John M., 175

Thayer 's administration, 175

The Needles, 46

Thermopolis, 608

Third regiment, Wyoming national guard, 262

Third legislature, 175

Third state legislature, 225

Thirteenth state legislature, 255

Thompson, David, 46

.Thomas, Rt. Rev. N. S., 4, 488, 489

Thumb, The, 48

Thunder lizard, 43

Tidball, L. C, 220

Tide of emigration, the, 311 ,

Timber reserves, 20

Tisdale, J. A., 616

Todd, Joseph W., 258

Tonti, Henry de, 77

Tools, aboriginal, 36

Topography, 17

Tornado at Lovell, 1908, 588

Torrey's rough riders, 298

Torrington, 608

Torture test, an Indian, 148

Tourists' accommodations at Park, 56

Tower falls, 46

Towns, list of, 612

Townsend, John K., 121

Trading post at Yellowstone, an early, 50

Trading posts in Wyoming, 107, 108

Tradition of the flood, 62

Tramps unwelcome in Cheyenne, 555

Trans-Mississippi exposition, 229

Transportation at Yellowstone park, 56

Transportation methods, early, 325

Transfer of Louisiana to United States, 91

Trapper "s outfit, a, 94

Treaties by United States with Indian tribes.

Treaty of Fontalnebleau, 642

Treaty of Fort Bridger, 73

Treaty of Fort Laramie, 69

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, 78

Treaty of Madrid, 84, 85

Treaty of Paris, 87

Treaty of 1783, 84

Treaty of 1819, 80

Treaty of 1868, the famous Indian, 312

Treaty with Cheyennes and Arapahoes, 73

Treaty with Crows, 73

Treaty with Sioux, 72

Tribal distribution, 60

Triceratops, the, 43

Trist, Nicholas P., 78

Troops withdrawn, the, 286

Trout of all kinds, 22

Trout season, 576

True, James B., 2-1

True Republic, The (poem), 193

True story of Lost Cabin placers, 140

Trumbull, Walter, 53

Tu-ku-a-ri-ki (Sheepeaters), 45

Twelfth state legislature, 252

"Twelve apostles," the, 128

Twentieth-century Cheyenne, 561

Twenty million acres good dry-farming land, 354

Two-ocean plateau, 46

Two sets of returns made, 218

Tyler, President, 79

Tynan, Thomas T., 230

Uinta county, 542

Unappropriated public lands, 24

Under the constitution, 465

Union Pacific, the, 341

Union Pacific rolling mills, 588

Union Pacific shops, 596

United States courts, 468

United States forest reserves, 20

United States geological survey report, 1917, 405-411

United States policy toward Indians, 69

United States reclamation projects, 359

United States weather bureau reports, 23

University, State (illus.), 445

University of Wyoming, 444-449, 588

Upper Basin hotel, 56

Upper Yellowstone falls, 46

Upton, 610

Useful minerals found in Wyoming, 405

Utah handbook of history, the, 161

Utensils used by early Indians, 59

Vacations and camping-out, 22

Value of Wyoming's wool, 1918, 374/p>

Van Devanter, Willis, 196, 466

Van Horn, Col. J. J., 618

Van Orsdel, J. A., 226

Van Tassel, E. S., 628

Vancouver's expedition, 80

Various Indian tribes, 67

Vase, an ancient Indian, 42

Vaux, Eev. William, 484/p>

Verendrye, Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de la, 112

Vigilance committee, 163, 552

Village sites of aborigines, 37

Virginia falls, 48

Visions of Joseph Smith, 124

Volcanic glass, 52

Volcano, an extinct, 48

Volunteers transported home by state, 298

Voorhees, Luke, 153, 155, 230

Vote in first election, 173

Votes cast for delegate in 1888, 188

trains of the argonauts, 132

Wall of glass, a, 52

War on rustlers, 615

War with Germany, 261

Ware, Eugene F., 313

Ware, J. A. & Company, 556

Warner, Captain, 52

Warren, Francis E., 177, 178, 184, 196, 323

Warren, Lieut. G. K., 123

Warren Live Stock Company, 179

Warren's administration, 178

Warren's second administration, 184

Washakie, head chief of the Shoshones, 66, 151

Washakie county, 545

Washakie forest, 20

Washburn, Gen. H. D., 53

Washburn-Doane expedition, 53

Washington, George, 69

Waterfalls, 18

Water resources, 26

Waterworks–see each town

Wayne, Gen. Anthony, 113

Wealth per capita, 27

Weather bureau observations, 23

Webster, Daniel, on the "Desert," 356

Wells, Fargo & Company, 333

Western Company, the, 68

Western Governors' special, 250

Weston county, 546

"Westward Ho!", 3

Weyler's cruelty, 289

Wheatland, 610

Where the west begins (poem), 632

Whitcomb, E. W., 145

White, C. M., 176

White, Elijah, 130

White, James, 620

Whitehead, James R., 163, 469, 550

White-tailed deer, 56

Whittier, E. S., 576

Wild animal life, 20

Wild game legislation, 22

Williams, Ezekiel, 115, 122

Williams, P. L., 578

Wilson, Nate P., 20

Wilson and Marshall elec style=" margin-top:12px; margin-bottom:12px; margin-left:0px; margin-right:0px; -qt-block-indent:0; text-indent:0px;">

Wind river project, 28

Wind river reservation, 66, 73

Winter, Cliarles E., 633

Winter quarters of the Mormons near Omaha (1846), 126

Woman suffrage, 197; in constitutional convention, 208 Women on grand jury, 205

Woodruff, John D., 518

Wool and hides, 27, 574

Wool production, 28; 1906-1915, 372

Workmen's compensation act, 255

Worland, 611

World war, 261

Wright, Agnes R., 4

Wyeth, John B., 328

Wyeth, Nathaniel J., 116

Wyeth's second expedition, 117

Wyoming (the Wyoming state song), 633

"Wyoming," as name for territory, 164

Wyoming, part of Nebraska, 81

Wyoming, poems on, 630

Wyoming, the future iron state, 400

Wyoming, the new oil state, 377

Wyoming & Missouri River Railroad, 349

Wyoming banks, 417

Wyoming bar, the, 469-472

Wyoming battery, the, 297

Wyoming Central project, 28

Wyoming coal deposits, 392

Wyoming council for national defense, 261

Wyoming day at St. Louis World's fair, 236

Wyoming Development Company, 247, 360

Wyoming electors, 1908, 243

Wyoming established as territory, 82

Wyoming fifty years old, 637

Wyoming forest, 20

Wyoming General Hospital, 229, 268, 604

Wyoming horse is hardy, 375

Wyoming Industrial Institute, 250, 271

Wyoming iron fields, 397

Wyoming Labor Journal, 635, 636

"Wyoming man-killer," 525

Wyoming newspapers in 1918, 458-461

Wyoming Northern Railway, 350

Wyoming oil geology, 381

"Wyoming–old and new" (poem), 2

Wyoming press, the, 450

Wyoming railroad, 349

Wyoming school for defectives, 250, 271, 584

Wyoming Soldiers' and Sailors' home, 264,

Wyoming State Bankers association, 426

Wyoming state eapitol, 272

Wyoming state flag, 260

Wyoming state penitentiary, 265

Wyoming State Tribune, 453

Wyoming state university, 444-449, 588

Wyoming trading posts, 107

Wyoming under many rules since 1493, 82

Wyoming under various sovereignties, 75

Wyoming Volunteer Aid association, 302

Wyoming Wool Growers association, 372

Wyoming's experiment, 204

Wyoming's prizes at World's fair, 237

Wyoming's prompt pledge of loyalty, 261

Wyoming's response (1898), 292

"Yeast Powder Bill," 155

Yellowstone, origin of the name, 46

Yellowstone lake 18, 48

Yellowstone National park, 22, 45

Yellowstone park, area of, 24

Yellowstone park, boundaries of, 54

Yellowstone park, headquarters at, 56

Yellowstone park, management of, 54

Yellowstone Park Hotel Company, 56

Yellowstone Park Transportation Company, 56

Yellowstone river, 46

Young, Brigham 125;

arms Indians, 277

Zoological gardens,

261 Zuni ruins, 110